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Study sets matching "anatomy heart chapter 20 biol"

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Study sets matching "anatomy heart chapter 20 biol"

88 terms
Chapter 20: The Heart (Anatomy)
Blood flows through network of blood v…
Pulmonary Circuit
Systematic Circuit
Arteries
-Each circuit begins and ends at the heart... -Blood travels thr…
-Blood vessels that carries blood to and from the gas exchang…
Transports blood to and from the rest of the body
-Efferent vessels... -Carry blood away from heart
Blood flows through network of blood v…
-Each circuit begins and ends at the heart... -Blood travels thr…
Pulmonary Circuit
-Blood vessels that carries blood to and from the gas exchang…
41 terms
Chapter 20: Heart Anatomy
Superior Vena Cava
Ascending Aorta
Tricuspid Valve
Inferior Vena Cava
Superior Vena Cava
Ascending Aorta
28 terms
Anatomy Chapter 20- The Heart
Pulmonary circuit
Systemic circuit
Arteries
Veins
Division 1/2 for blood vessels ... Carries blood to and from the…
Divison 2/2 for blood vessels... Carries blood to and from rest…
Carry blood AWAY from the heart
Carry blood TO the heart
Pulmonary circuit
Division 1/2 for blood vessels ... Carries blood to and from the…
Systemic circuit
Divison 2/2 for blood vessels... Carries blood to and from rest…
16 terms
Chapter 20 Heart Anatomy - II
superior vena cava
aortic arch
ascending aorta
inferior vena cava
superior vena cava
aortic arch
47 terms
Anatomy Chapter 20 The Heart
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic Circuit
Arteries
Veins
Carries blood to and from the lungs
Carries blood to and from the body
Carry blood away from the heart
Carry blood to the heart
Pulmonary Circuit
Carries blood to and from the lungs
Systemic Circuit
Carries blood to and from the body
69 terms
Anatomy II: Chapter 20 "Heart"
Fibrous Pericardium
Serous pericardium
Parietal layer
Visceral layer
-tough, inelastic, dense irregular connective tissue that pre…
has two layer... -parietal and visceral
-outer layer of serous pericardium
-inner layer of serous pericardium that is attached to the he…
Fibrous Pericardium
-tough, inelastic, dense irregular connective tissue that pre…
Serous pericardium
has two layer... -parietal and visceral
22 terms
Anatomy Chapter 20 Heart
Functions of the Heart
Histology
Size, Shape, Location of the Heart
Anatomy of the Heart
1. Generating blood pressure 2. Routing blood: separates pulm…
Heart Skeleton - Consists of plate of fibrous connective tiss…
Size of a closed fist • As a 4-chambered muscular pump • Shap…
Pericardium or pericardial sac - Fibrous pericardium: tough f…
Functions of the Heart
1. Generating blood pressure 2. Routing blood: separates pulm…
Histology
Heart Skeleton - Consists of plate of fibrous connective tiss…
13 terms
anatomy chapter 20: heart
What are the three layers of the heart…
Where does the atria receive blood from?
Where does the right atrium receive bl…
Where does the left atrium receive blo…
1. epicardium=serous pericardium... 2. myocardium=cardiac muscle…
veins
vena cava
pulmonary veins
What are the three layers of the heart…
1. epicardium=serous pericardium... 2. myocardium=cardiac muscle…
Where does the atria receive blood from?
veins
44 terms
Anatomy Chapter 20: The Heart
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
arteries
veins
network of blood vessels that carries blood to and from the g…
network of blood vessels that transports blood to and from th…
Efferent vessels; carry blood away from the heart to the rest…
Afferent vessels; return blood to the heart
pulmonary circuit
network of blood vessels that carries blood to and from the g…
systemic circuit
network of blood vessels that transports blood to and from th…
17 terms
Chapter 20 Anatomy of the heart
What are the three layers of the heart?
What are the two veins that the Right…
Cardiac veins
Coronary sinus
1. Outer epicardium... 2. Middle myocrdium ... 3. inner endocardium
Superior vena cava which gets blood from head, neck, upper, l…
return blood to the coronary sinus
a large thin walled vein that opens into the right atrium inf…
What are the three layers of the heart?
1. Outer epicardium... 2. Middle myocrdium ... 3. inner endocardium
What are the two veins that the Right…
Superior vena cava which gets blood from head, neck, upper, l…
213 terms
Anatomy Chapter 20 The Heart
The heart is the ______ of the circula…
The heart can survive without the ____…
The heart weighs about ______ grams (a…
The heart beats more than _______ time…
pump
CNS and PNS
350
10,000
The heart is the ______ of the circula…
pump
The heart can survive without the ____…
CNS and PNS
48 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 20 (The Heart)
apex
base
pericardium
fibrous pericardium
-points to the left... -inferior
-flattened... -superior
-fibrous... -serous... -pericardial space
-outer layer... -gives the heart its shape... -changes volume of th…
apex
-points to the left... -inferior
base
-flattened... -superior
49 terms
Anatomy Chapter 20 (The Heart)
Where does the blood first enter the h…
Where does the blood entering the supe…
Where does the superior vena cava empt…
Where does the blood entering the the…
superior vena cava
head
right atrium
lower body
Where does the blood first enter the h…
superior vena cava
Where does the blood entering the supe…
head
82 terms
anatomy chapter 20 (the heart)
arteries
veins
efferent vessels
afferent vessels
carry blood away from the heart
carry blood towards the heart
arteries
veins
arteries
carry blood away from the heart
veins
carry blood towards the heart
63 terms
anatomy-heart-chapter 20
functions of heart
location
pericardium-fibrous
pericardium-serous
generating BP... routing blood... systemic circulations... ensuring on…
thoracic cavity, in mediastinum
outermost layer, connective tissue--connects to surrounding a…
parietal- fused to fibrous later... visceral-inner most portion-…
functions of heart
generating BP... routing blood... systemic circulations... ensuring on…
location
thoracic cavity, in mediastinum
52 terms
Anatomy Chapter 20 The Heart
Blood returning to the heart from the…
The papillary muscles function to ____…
Which of these organs is not found in…
Tetanic muscle contractions don't occu…
Left Atrium
Prevent the AV valves from reversing into the atria
Lung
The refractory period lasts until the muscle relaxes.
Blood returning to the heart from the…
Left Atrium
The papillary muscles function to ____…
Prevent the AV valves from reversing into the atria
87 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 20 The Heart
What is the pulmonary circuit?
What is the systemic circuit?
Where does the complete circuit begin…
Where do arteries carry blood?
carries blood to and from the lungs
carries blood to and from the rest of the body
heart
away from heart, efferent
What is the pulmonary circuit?
carries blood to and from the lungs
What is the systemic circuit?
carries blood to and from the rest of the body
88 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 20 The Heart
What is the pulmonary circuit?
What is the systemic circuit?
Where does the complete circuit begin…
Where do arteries carry blood?
carries blood to and from the lungs
carries blood to and from the rest of the body
heart
away from heart, efferent
What is the pulmonary circuit?
carries blood to and from the lungs
What is the systemic circuit?
carries blood to and from the rest of the body
88 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 20 The Heart
What is the pulmonary circuit?
What is the systemic circuit?
Where does the complete circuit begin…
Where do arteries carry blood?
carries blood to and from the lungs
carries blood to and from the rest of the body
heart
away from heart, efferent
What is the pulmonary circuit?
carries blood to and from the lungs
What is the systemic circuit?
carries blood to and from the rest of the body
59 terms
Anatomy chapter 20: The heart
Intro to the cardiovascular system
chambers
the heart is a four-chambered organ. s…
the pericardium
-blood flows through a network of blood vessels that extend b…
-the heart has four muscular chambers, two associated with ea…
-the great veins and arteries are connected to the superior e…
-fibrous pericardium, surrounds the heart... -it stabilizes the…
Intro to the cardiovascular system
-blood flows through a network of blood vessels that extend b…
chambers
-the heart has four muscular chambers, two associated with ea…
204 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 20 The Heart
Heart
Cardiology
Heat Beats
Heart Volume
the pump in the cardiovascular system that distributes blood…
the study of the heart and the diseases associated with it
100,000 times per day, 35 million times a year
5 liters/min or 5.3 quarts, 14,000 liters a day, or 3,600 gal…
Heart
the pump in the cardiovascular system that distributes blood…
Cardiology
the study of the heart and the diseases associated with it
204 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 20 The Heart
Heart
Cardiology
Heat Beats
Heart Volume
the pump in the cardiovascular system that distributes blood…
the study of the heart and the diseases associated with it
100,000 times per day, 35 million times a year
5 liters/min or 5.3 quarts, 14,000 liters a day, or 3,600 gal…
Heart
the pump in the cardiovascular system that distributes blood…
Cardiology
the study of the heart and the diseases associated with it
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 20: The Heart
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
arteries
arterioles
blood flow to and from the gas exchange surfaces of the lungs
transports blood to and from the rest of the body
efferent vessels that carry blood away from the heart
last small branches of the arterial system with control valve…
pulmonary circuit
blood flow to and from the gas exchange surfaces of the lungs
systemic circuit
transports blood to and from the rest of the body
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 20 - The Heart
Mediastinum
Apex
Pericardium
Parietal Pericardium
Region between the two pleural cavities, also contains the th…
The inferior, pointed tip of the heart
The lining of the pericardial cavity
Lines the inner surface of the pericardial sac which surround…
Mediastinum
Region between the two pleural cavities, also contains the th…
Apex
The inferior, pointed tip of the heart
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 20- the heart
Intercalated discs
self excitable
Contractile cells
Sinoatrial node
extensions of the sarcolemma with gap junctions and desmosomes
can generate own action potential
only shorten and can't initiate action potential
fastest rate of firing, natural pacemaker
Intercalated discs
extensions of the sarcolemma with gap junctions and desmosomes
self excitable
can generate own action potential
89 terms
Anatomy & Physiology; Chapter 20- The Heart
Pulmonary circuit
Systemic Circuit
3 type of Blood Vessels
Four Chambers of the Heart
Carries blood to lungs
Carries blood to and from the body
1. Arteries ... 2. Veins ... 3. Capillaries (exchange vessels)
1. Right atrium- collects from systemic ... 2. Right ventricle-…
Pulmonary circuit
Carries blood to lungs
Systemic Circuit
Carries blood to and from the body
72 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 20 (Heart)
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic Circuit
Arteries
Veins
Carries blood to and from the gas exchange surfaces of the lu…
Carries blood to and from the body.
Carry blood away from the heart
Carry blood to the heart
Pulmonary Circuit
Carries blood to and from the gas exchange surfaces of the lu…
Systemic Circuit
Carries blood to and from the body.
38 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 20: The Heart
What are the functions of the heart?
Where is the heart located in the thor…
What is an artery?
What is a vein?
generating blood pressure, routing blood, ensuring one-way bl…
deep within the thoracic cavity in the mediastinum
vessels that carry blood from the heart; aorta and pulmonary…
vessels that return blood to the heart; superior/inferior ven…
What are the functions of the heart?
generating blood pressure, routing blood, ensuring one-way bl…
Where is the heart located in the thor…
deep within the thoracic cavity in the mediastinum
23 terms
Chapter 20 A&P II - heart anatomy I
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic circuit
arteries
veins
Right ventricle - Lungs - Left Atrium
Left Ventricle - body - right atrium
away from heart
toward heart
Pulmonary Circuit
Right ventricle - Lungs - Left Atrium
Systemic circuit
Left Ventricle - body - right atrium
25 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2 - The Heart - Chapter 20 - 20.1
Heart
mediastinum
apex
base
rests on the diaphragm, near the midline of the thoracic cavi…
an anatomical region that extends from the sternum to the ver…
is formed by the tip of the left ventricle (a lower chamber o…
opposite the apex and is its posterior aspect. formed by the…
Heart
rests on the diaphragm, near the midline of the thoracic cavi…
mediastinum
an anatomical region that extends from the sternum to the ver…
Anatomy chapter 20 Heart valves-mechanisms
Valves
Valves
interventricular septum
support structure for heart valves, in…
Opens and close to response to pressure changes as the heart…
Allow blood to flow from the atria into the ventricles but pr…
Dense connective tissue rings surround the valves of the hear…
Functions of fibrous skeleton of heart.
Valves
Opens and close to response to pressure changes as the heart…
Valves
Allow blood to flow from the atria into the ventricles but pr…
38 terms
University of Denver Human Anatomy 2016 Chapter 20: Cardiovascular System/Heart
4 Functions of the heart
Pulmonary Circulations
Systemic Circulations
Size, shape, and location of the heart
Generate blood, route blood (pulmonary vs systemic circulatio…
Blood from heart to the lungs and back, re-oxygenates venous…
Blood from the heart to the tissues of the body. Brings highl…
size: closed fist... shape: apex is blunt rounded point of cone…
4 Functions of the heart
Generate blood, route blood (pulmonary vs systemic circulatio…
Pulmonary Circulations
Blood from heart to the lungs and back, re-oxygenates venous…
40 terms
Chapter 20 - Heart
Function of Heart
Pericardium
Pericardial Fluid
Epicardium
Pump of the cardiovascular system - moves blood through the v…
Membrane that surrounds and protects the heart
Used to reduce friction between the layers of membranes surro…
Outer layer of the heart wall composed of Mesothelium and Con…
Function of Heart
Pump of the cardiovascular system - moves blood through the v…
Pericardium
Membrane that surrounds and protects the heart
148 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 20
The electrical charge difference betwe…
What controls the opening of the ion c…
Match the side of the heart with the c…
The histology of the heart may be desc…
Membrane potential
Electrical changes
Left side of the heart: Supplies blood to the systemic circul…
- Involuntary muscle tissue... - Composed mostly of cardiac musc…
The electrical charge difference betwe…
Membrane potential
What controls the opening of the ion c…
Electrical changes
81 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology II | Chapter 20 | Heart
Functions of the heart
Regulating blood supply
Apex
Base
-Generate blood pressure... -Routing blood: seperates pulmonary…
Function that changes contraction rate and force math blood d…
The blunt rounded point of the cone; inferior part of the hea…
Flat part at opposite of end of cone
Functions of the heart
-Generate blood pressure... -Routing blood: seperates pulmonary…
Regulating blood supply
Function that changes contraction rate and force math blood d…
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 20- The Cardiovascular system: Heart
Vein direction
Artery
Fibrous Pericardium
Serous Pericardium
return blood to the heart
Transport blood away from the heart
dense, irregular CT used for anchor & overstretching prevention
Thin, delicate membrane of the parietel and visceral , the pe…
Vein direction
return blood to the heart
Artery
Transport blood away from the heart
59 terms
Anatomy chapter 20: The heart ep9-6
Intro to the cardiovascular system
chambers
the heart is a four-chambered organ. s…
the pericardium
-blood flows through a network of blood vessels that extend b…
-the heart has four muscular chambers, two associated with ea…
-the great veins and arteries are connected to the superior e…
-fibrous pericardium, surrounds the heart... -it stabilizes the…
Intro to the cardiovascular system
-blood flows through a network of blood vessels that extend b…
chambers
-the heart has four muscular chambers, two associated with ea…
54 terms
Principles of Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 20 The Heart
Pericardium
Fibrous pericardium
Serous pericardium
Parietal layer
The membrane that surrounds and protects the heart.
Tough, inelastic, dense irregular connective tissue that prev…
Thin delicate membrane forming a double layer around the hear…
Outer layer of serous pericardium that is fused to the fibrou…
Pericardium
The membrane that surrounds and protects the heart.
Fibrous pericardium
Tough, inelastic, dense irregular connective tissue that prev…
193 terms
Anatomy Chapter 20 & 21- Heart and blood vessels
The cardio vascular system consist of
The heart is located in the _______
The Apex is formed by what?
The Base is formed by what?
heart, blood, and blood vessles
mediastinum
Left ventricle
Atria
The cardio vascular system consist of
heart, blood, and blood vessles
The heart is located in the _______
mediastinum
Chapter 20: Cardiovascular System & Heart
myocytes
pacemaker cells
autorhythmic
myogenic
typical cardiac muscle cells that contract
specialized cells that initiate, coordinate, and control hear…
heartbeats are spontaneous and regular
Genesis of heartbeats is muscle tissue (they start in muscle…
myocytes
typical cardiac muscle cells that contract
pacemaker cells
specialized cells that initiate, coordinate, and control hear…
76 terms
Chapter 20 Heart Vocabulary
Mediastinum
Apex
Base
Coronary Arteries
Centrally located space between the lungs
the lowest superficial part of the heart.
Top of heart.
blood vessels that branch from the aorta and carry oxygen-ric…
Mediastinum
Centrally located space between the lungs
Apex
the lowest superficial part of the heart.
18 terms
Anatomy chapter 20 Overview of circulation and the heart wall
Pulmonary circuit
Pulmonary circulation
Systematic circulation
Pulmonary trunk
The right half of the heart supplies the
Sends oxygen-poor blood to the lungs
Sends oxygen-rich blood to the tissues
the right half of the heart pumps blood that has circulated t…
Pulmonary circuit
The right half of the heart supplies the
Pulmonary circulation
Sends oxygen-poor blood to the lungs
154 terms
Chapter 20 - The Heart
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic Circuit
Alternates
Arteries
Carries blood to and from gas exchange surfaces of lungs
Carries blood to and from the body
Blood ___________ between pulmonary and systemic circuits
Carry blood away from heart
Pulmonary Circuit
Carries blood to and from gas exchange surfaces of lungs
Systemic Circuit
Carries blood to and from the body
81 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology II | Chapter 20 | Heart
Functions of the heart
Regulating blood supply
Apex
Base
-Generate blood pressure... -Routing blood: seperates pulmonary…
Function that changes contraction rate and force math blood d…
The blunt rounded point of the cone; inferior part of the hea…
Flat part at opposite of end of cone
Functions of the heart
-Generate blood pressure... -Routing blood: seperates pulmonary…
Regulating blood supply
Function that changes contraction rate and force math blood d…
17 terms
chapter 20 heart
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
arteries
veins
carries blood to and fro gas exchange surfaces go lungs
carries blood to and from the body
carry blood away from the heart
carry blood to heart
pulmonary circuit
carries blood to and fro gas exchange surfaces go lungs
systemic circuit
carries blood to and from the body
40 terms
Chapter 20 - The Heart
Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic Circuit
Arteries
Consists of a pump (8,000 liters/day), a conducting system (b…
Carries blood to and from gas exchange surfaces of the lungs
Carries oxygenated blood to the body and deoxygenated blood b…
Carry blood away from the heart
Cardiovascular System
Consists of a pump (8,000 liters/day), a conducting system (b…
Pulmonary Circuit
Carries blood to and from gas exchange surfaces of the lungs
55 terms
Chapter 20: The Heart (Physiology)
Single cardiac contraction, or heartbe…
2 Types of Cardiac Muscle Cells involv…
Automaticity
Conducting System
First atria contract, then ventricles contract
1) Specialized muscle cells of the conducting system contro…
-Autorhythmicity... -Cardiac muscle tissue contracts on its own,…
-Cardiac conduction system or nodal system... -Network of specia…
Single cardiac contraction, or heartbe…
First atria contract, then ventricles contract
2 Types of Cardiac Muscle Cells involv…
1) Specialized muscle cells of the conducting system contro…
39 terms
chapter 20: The Heart
pericardium
layers of the heart wall
right atrium
tricuspid valve
membrane surrounding and protecting the heart
epicardium, myocardium, endocardium
receives blood from: superior/inferior vena cava and coronary…
separates right atrium and right ventricle
pericardium
membrane surrounding and protecting the heart
layers of the heart wall
epicardium, myocardium, endocardium
90 terms
Chapter 20 The Heart
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic Circuit
Arteries (Efferent Vessels)
Veins (Afferent Vessels)
Those blood vessels that carry blood to and from gas exchange…
Those blood vessels that transports blood to and from the res…
Carry blood away from the heart.
Return blood to the heart.
Pulmonary Circuit
Those blood vessels that carry blood to and from gas exchange…
Systemic Circuit
Those blood vessels that transports blood to and from the res…
19 terms
Chapter 20 The Heart
Define the term cardiovascular system.
Define and describe the pulmonary and…
Describe the location, size, and shape…
Identify/describe the structure of the…
the heart and blood vessels
pulmonary- carries blood to lungs then returns to heart... syste…
location- thoracic cavity... size- same as fist... shape- apex and…
Parietal pericardium... Visceral pericardium... keeps heart in tho…
Define the term cardiovascular system.
the heart and blood vessels
Define and describe the pulmonary and…
pulmonary- carries blood to lungs then returns to heart... syste…
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