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Study sets matching "anatomy human physiology exercise"

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Study sets matching "anatomy human physiology exercise"

49 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Exercise # 1
Metric System Quantities (Units)
Why metric system better?
Kilo Deca Deci Centi Milli Micro Nano
Independent Variable
Length (meter), volume (liter), mass (weight), time (second)
Based on 10, easy conversions
3, 1, -1,-2,-3,-6,-9
Changed Variable
Metric System Quantities (Units)
Length (meter), volume (liter), mass (weight), time (second)
Why metric system better?
Based on 10, easy conversions
94 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Exercise 1
Two major Divisions of the body
Axial
Appendicular
Abdominal
1. Axial ... 2. Appendicular
Relating to head, neck, and trunk, the axis of the body
Relating to limbs and their attachments to the axis
Anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs
Two major Divisions of the body
1. Axial ... 2. Appendicular
Axial
Relating to head, neck, and trunk, the axis of the body
42 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Exercise 1 Anatomy Overview
What are the correct characteristics o…
What does superior/inferior refer to?
What does anterior/posterior refer to?
What do the terms medial/lateral mean?
1) Body is erect 2) Feet are slightly apart 3) Head & toes ar…
These terms refer to the placement of a structure along to th…
____refers to the front of the body, usually think of face, c…
These terms are used to describe things to and from the cente…
What are the correct characteristics o…
1) Body is erect 2) Feet are slightly apart 3) Head & toes ar…
What does superior/inferior refer to?
These terms refer to the placement of a structure along to th…
101 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab Exercise 1
Gross anatomy
Anatomical position
Axial
Appendicular
The study of body structures visible to the naked eye
In this position the body is erect, with the feet only slight…
Relating to head, neck, and trunk, the axis of the body
Relating to limbs and their attachments to the axis
Gross anatomy
The study of body structures visible to the naked eye
Anatomical position
In this position the body is erect, with the feet only slight…
20 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab Exercise 3
Compound microscope
Base
Substage light
Stage
A precision instrument that should always be handled with care
Supports the microscope
(mirror) Located at the base of the microscope.
The platform the slide rests on while being viewed
Compound microscope
A precision instrument that should always be handled with care
Base
Supports the microscope
33 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Lab Exercise 13
Orbicularis oculi... ORGIN... INSERTION... ACTION
Masseter... ORGIN... INSERTION... ACTION
Sternocleidomastoid... ORGIN... INSERTION... AC…
Pectoralis major... ORGIN... INSERTION... ACTION
O: Frontal bones... I: Skin of eyelid... A: Closes eye
O: zygomatic arch... I: angle of mandible... A: closes jaw
O: manubrium of sternum... I: mastoid process of temporal bone... A…
O: clavicle... I: intertubercular groove of humerus... A: elevates…
Orbicularis oculi... ORGIN... INSERTION... ACTION
O: Frontal bones... I: Skin of eyelid... A: Closes eye
Masseter... ORGIN... INSERTION... ACTION
O: zygomatic arch... I: angle of mandible... A: closes jaw
21 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Lab Exercise 1 and 2
Integumentary (Skin)
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
Epidermal and dermal regions; cutaneous sense organs and glan…
Bones, cartilages, tendons, ligaments, and joints... *body suppo…
Muscles attached to the skeleton... *primary function is to cont…
Brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors... *Allows bod…
Integumentary (Skin)
Epidermal and dermal regions; cutaneous sense organs and glan…
Skeletal
Bones, cartilages, tendons, ligaments, and joints... *body suppo…
29 terms
Anatomy and physiology exercise 6
Define Tissue
Describe 5 general characteristics of…
On what basis are epithelial tissue cl…
How does the function of stratified ep…
Group of similar cells that are similar in structure and func…
1) Polarity ... 2) cellularity... 3) supported by connective tissue…
arrangement or relative number of layers and cell shape
Simple epithelia: only one layer... Stratified epithelia: severa…
Define Tissue
Group of similar cells that are similar in structure and func…
Describe 5 general characteristics of…
1) Polarity ... 2) cellularity... 3) supported by connective tissue…
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology for exercise 1
the heart
aorta
pulmonary artery
pulmonary viens
Pumps de-oxgenated blood to the lungs to be re-oxgenated and…
Largest artery
Carries deoxygentated blood from the heart to the lungs
The blood vessels that transport blood from the lungs to the…
the heart
Pumps de-oxgenated blood to the lungs to be re-oxgenated and…
aorta
Largest artery
29 terms
Dr. Rooney Human Anatomy and Physiology 1 Lab - Exercise 3
The Cell
Components of a cell
Plasma Membrane
Mitochondrion
the basic anatomical and physiological unit of all living thi…
Plasma Membrane; Cytoplasm; Nucleus; Intercellular Junctions
Separates the interior of all cells from the outside environm…
produces the energy currency for the cell (ATP); regulates ce…
The Cell
the basic anatomical and physiological unit of all living thi…
Components of a cell
Plasma Membrane; Cytoplasm; Nucleus; Intercellular Junctions
12 terms
Human anatomy and physiology lab Exercise 30 Anatomy of the heart
Cardiovascular System
Heart
Apex
External anterior view of heart
The system carries oxygen, digested foods, cell wastes, elect…
Cone-shaped organ approximately the size of a fist, located i…
extends slightly to the left and rests on the diaphragm, appr…
Cardiovascular System
The system carries oxygen, digested foods, cell wastes, elect…
Heart
Cone-shaped organ approximately the size of a fist, located i…
182 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
58 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Exercise 7
What are the functions of the skin?
skin model
What are the cells of the epidermis?
keratinocytes
cover, protection, insulation, excretion, sensation, metaboli…
keratinocytes, melanocytes, dendritic cells, Merkel cells
most plentiful epidermal cells, produce keratin fibrils (prot…
What are the functions of the skin?
cover, protection, insulation, excretion, sensation, metaboli…
skin model
88 terms
Anatomy and Physiology exercise 14
occipitofrontalis muscle
frontalis
occipitals
orbicularis oculi
combination of frontal and occipitals muscles connected by an…
lies over the frontal bone
lies over the occipital bone
circular muscle that encircles the eye
occipitofrontalis muscle
combination of frontal and occipitals muscles connected by an…
frontalis
lies over the frontal bone
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: exercise 10
Acromion process (Scapula)
Coracoid process (Scapula)... tipDo no…
1. Glenoid cavity (Scapula)... 2. Head o…
Spine (Scapula)... tipPosterior view i…
Proximal part... Articulates with acromial end of the scapula
Proximal part
Proximal part... tipCan only be seen in the lateral view... 1. Na…
Proximal part
Acromion process (Scapula)
Proximal part... Articulates with acromial end of the scapula
Coracoid process (Scapula)... tipDo no…
Proximal part
15 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Exercise 2
group of cells that are similar in str…
a structure composed of 2 or more tiss…
a group of organs that act together to…
suprarenal gland, aorta, duodenum, pan…
Tissue
Organ
Organ System
Retroperitoneal Organs
group of cells that are similar in str…
Tissue
a structure composed of 2 or more tiss…
Organ
18 terms
Human Anatomy and physiology lab exercise 32 Anatomy of blood vessels
Arteries
Veins
tunica intima
Tunica media
Carry blood away from the heart
Return blood to the heart
Innermost tuinic
Thin tunic of capillaries
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart
Veins
Return blood to the heart
169 terms
Human Physiology exercise phys
Name three factors involved in muscle…
Name the process of Gamete production
List some effects of Steroids
Which of the following statements are…
a. Decrease in myostatin to allow for more protein synthesis.…
-CNS receives signal... -Hypothalamus releases GNRH... - Anterior P…
Beards ... Breasts ... Shrunken testicles... Balding... Acne... Prostate/liv…
A and C
Name three factors involved in muscle…
a. Decrease in myostatin to allow for more protein synthesis.…
Name the process of Gamete production
-CNS receives signal... -Hypothalamus releases GNRH... - Anterior P…
25 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Exercise 2
Name the 11 organ systems
What is the function of the integument…
What is the function of the reproducti…
What is the function of the endocrine…
Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Cardio…
protection, excretion, vitamin D production, temperature regu…
provides germ cells, uterus houses the fetus, mammary glands…
produce hormones that promote homeostasis
Name the 11 organ systems
Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Cardio…
What is the function of the integument…
protection, excretion, vitamin D production, temperature regu…
193 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
23 terms
Ultra Human Physiology: Exercise
Exercise
Exercise Modality
Endurance Training
Three Stages of Oxygen Delivery from A…
Bout of bodily exertion/muscle activity that requires energy…
Type of activity/sport associated with energy demand or type…
Consistent and chronic progression of exercise sessions desig…
- From air to blood (respiratory pressure)... - From arterial bl…
Exercise
Bout of bodily exertion/muscle activity that requires energy…
Exercise Modality
Type of activity/sport associated with energy demand or type…
54 terms
Exercise Physiology Anatomy
Cephalic
Cranial
Facial
Frontal
Head
Skull
Face
Forehead
Cephalic
Head
Cranial
Skull
8 terms
Exercise Physiology and Anatomy
Anterior
Posterior
Proximal
Distal
Front
Back
Near
Far
Anterior
Front
Posterior
Back
20 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab Exercise 35 The lymphatic system
Lymphatic System
Blood capillaries
Lymphatic Capillaries
Lymphatic vessels
Consists of a network of lymphatic vessels, lymphoid tissue,…
carry blood from small arterioles to small venules
Carry lymphatic fluid from tissue to lymphatic venules
Carry lymph from peripheral tissues to the venous system.
Lymphatic System
Consists of a network of lymphatic vessels, lymphoid tissue,…
Blood capillaries
carry blood from small arterioles to small venules
25 terms
anatomy and physiology Exercise 1
gross anatomy
anatomical position
superior/ inferior
anterior/ posterior
the study of the human body structures to the naked eye.
the human body is erect, with the feet only slightly apart, h…
above/below
front / back
gross anatomy
the study of the human body structures to the naked eye.
anatomical position
the human body is erect, with the feet only slightly apart, h…
182 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
184 terms
Anatomy and Physiology exercise 14
occipitofrontalis muscle
frontalis
occipitals
orbicularis oculi
occipitofrontalis muscle
frontalis
18 terms
Anatomy II Lab: Exercise 33- Human Cardiovascular Physiology
Cardiovascular Phenomena
The Cardiac Cycle
Systole
Diastole
Parts: Pulse, heart sounds, and BP... Measurements of each of th…
Two phases:... Systole (corresponds to the contraction phase of…
...
...
Cardiovascular Phenomena
Parts: Pulse, heart sounds, and BP... Measurements of each of th…
The Cardiac Cycle
Two phases:... Systole (corresponds to the contraction phase of…
90 terms
Chapter 6 Human Anatomy and Physiology
bones of skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cartilages
axial and appendicular skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
bones of the upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder and…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
bones of skeleton
axial and appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
21 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Atria
Ventricles
Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary Circuit
Two of the upper cavities of the heart
Two of the lower cavities of the heart
Capillaries converge into venules, which in turn converge int…
Sends oxygen-poor blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen and un…
Atria
Two of the upper cavities of the heart
Ventricles
Two of the lower cavities of the heart
8 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Exercise 5
Areolar (Loose Connective Tissue)
Dense Regular Connective Tissue (Conne…
Dense Irregular Connective Tissue (con…
Adipose (connective tissue proper)
Gel-Like ground substance with collagen and elastic fibers.... C…
Fibroblasts arranged in parallel rows between densely packed…
Irregular arranged collagen and elastic fibers with interveni…
specialized cells for fat storage... EX: Deep skin layer; walls…
Areolar (Loose Connective Tissue)
Gel-Like ground substance with collagen and elastic fibers.... C…
Dense Regular Connective Tissue (Conne…
Fibroblasts arranged in parallel rows between densely packed…
41 terms
Exercise anatomy and physiology muscles
Latissimus Dorsi
Trapezius
Triceps Brachii
Sternocleidomastiod
Extension, adduction & medial rotation of shoulder
Elevation, depression and retraction of shoulder girdle
Extension of shoulder and elbow
Alone - tilts and rotates head... Both - flexes neck, raises ste…
Latissimus Dorsi
Extension, adduction & medial rotation of shoulder
Trapezius
Elevation, depression and retraction of shoulder girdle
29 terms
Anatomy and physiology exercise 6
Define Tissue
Describe 5 general characteristics of…
On what basis are epithelial tissue cl…
How does the function of stratified ep…
Group of similar cells that are similar in structure and func…
1) Polarity ... 2) cellularity... 3) supported by connective tissue…
arrangement or relative number of layers and cell shape
Simple epithelia: only one layer... Stratified epithelia: severa…
Define Tissue
Group of similar cells that are similar in structure and func…
Describe 5 general characteristics of…
1) Polarity ... 2) cellularity... 3) supported by connective tissue…
17 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Circulatory System
Circulatory System
Arteries
Veins
Arterioles
the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body,…
Carry blood away from the heart (red)
Carry blood to the heart (blue)
Little arteries
Circulatory System
the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body,…
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart (red)
27 terms
Study Cards Human Anatomy and Physiology: Lab Exercise 28 The Cardiac Cycle
Intrinsic Stimulation
Autorhythmic Cells
Intrinsic Conduction System
Extrinsic Stimulation
The internal stimulation that makes the heart beat by itself
Specialized, non contractile cells; causing a rhythm by thems…
Initiates the action potential that results in contraction of…
The autonomic nervous system and hormones; only increase or d…
Intrinsic Stimulation
The internal stimulation that makes the heart beat by itself
Autorhythmic Cells
Specialized, non contractile cells; causing a rhythm by thems…
169 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Midterm
anatomy
physiology
homeostasis
requirements of organisms:
structure of the body and it's parts (nomenclature)
study of the function (experiments)
maintenance of a stable internal environment - despite fluctu…
H2O(most abundant substance in body), food (provides nutrient…
anatomy
structure of the body and it's parts (nomenclature)
physiology
study of the function (experiments)
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Exercise 6
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Stratum corneum
Top layer of stratified squamous and keratinized epithelium
Layer under epidermis. Areolar connective tissue
Deep to dermis. Contains areolar connective tissue and adipos…
Outermost layer of epidermis. Water resistant and protective.
Epidermis
Top layer of stratified squamous and keratinized epithelium
Dermis
Layer under epidermis. Areolar connective tissue
22 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Humidity
Mucus
Mucous Membranes
nose, trachea and lungs
water vapor in the air
sticky stuff in your lungs that dust and other bad things sti…
a special kind of tissue that produces mucus
Respiratory System
nose, trachea and lungs
Humidity
water vapor in the air
22 terms
Exercise Physiology: Anatomy Test
sheath
muscles
skeletal muscles
smooth muscles
thin, protective covering over the muscle
tissues that contract
voluntary movement of bones
involuntary (i.e. blood vessels, intestines, lungs)
sheath
thin, protective covering over the muscle
muscles
tissues that contract
39 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
skeletal system
arm and shoulder bones
hand bones
rib cage (ribs and sternum)
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
scapula, clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna.
carpals, metacarpals, phalanges
The bony frame formed by the ribs around the chest. It protec…
skeletal system
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
arm and shoulder bones
scapula, clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna.
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Exercise 2
Anatomy
Micro-anatomy
Histology
Cytology
Study of body structre
The study of microscopic structures
Study of tissues
The study of cells
Anatomy
Study of body structre
Micro-anatomy
The study of microscopic structures
65 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Exercise 2
inner forearm
wrist
butt crack
palm
antebrachial
carpal
perineal
palmar
inner forearm
antebrachial
wrist
carpal
Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab Exercise 17 Table 17.1
I. Olfactory
II. Optic
III. Oculomotor
IV. Trochlear
Function: Purely Sensory- carries afferent impulses associate…
Function: Purely Sensory- carries afferent impulses associate…
Function: Primarily motor- reflex responses to varying light…
Function: Primarily motor- provides somatic motor fibers to s…
I. Olfactory
Function: Purely Sensory- carries afferent impulses associate…
II. Optic
Function: Purely Sensory- carries afferent impulses associate…
24 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab exercise 36 Respiratory system
Respiratory System
Pulmonary ventilation
Alveolus
External respiration
Supply the body with oxygen and dispose of carbon dioxide
the movement of air moving in and out of the lungs so that th…
site from which oxygen enters the pulmonary blood
The gas exchange between the blood and the air-filled chamber…
Respiratory System
Supply the body with oxygen and dispose of carbon dioxide
Pulmonary ventilation
the movement of air moving in and out of the lungs so that th…
39 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab Exercise 27 The Endocrine System
Hormone
Endocrine system
Target Organs
Pituitary Gland
A chemical substance secreted by endocrine tissues that enter…
Second major control system; Helps coordinate and integrate t…
Organs that respond to a particular hormone
located in the sella turcica of the sphenoid bone
Hormone
A chemical substance secreted by endocrine tissues that enter…
Endocrine system
Second major control system; Helps coordinate and integrate t…
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: exercise 11
1. Coronal suture... 2. Fibrous joint... *t…
1. Lambdoidal suture ... 2. Fibrous joint
1. Squamosal suture... 2. Fibrous joint
1. Sagittal suture... 2. Fibrous joint
1. What is the name of the line indicated in blue?... 2. What t…
1. What is the name of the line indicated in blue?... 2. What t…
1. What is the name of the line indicated in blue?... 2. What t…
1. What is the name of the line indicated in blue?... 2. What t…
1. Coronal suture... 2. Fibrous joint... *t…
1. What is the name of the line indicated in blue?... 2. What t…
1. Lambdoidal suture ... 2. Fibrous joint
1. What is the name of the line indicated in blue?... 2. What t…
9 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Exercise 3
field of view
light adjusting
ocular lense magnification
light microscopy
the circle that you see as you look into the microscope
-rheostat knob (on base)... -iris diaphragm lever (front of micr…
10x
involves the use of visible light and glass lenses to magnify…
field of view
the circle that you see as you look into the microscope
light adjusting
-rheostat knob (on base)... -iris diaphragm lever (front of micr…
12 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
sympathetic nervous system
parasympathetic nervous system
Anatomy containing the parts of the brain and spinal cord. CN…
All anatomy outside the brain and spinal cord. Serves as comm…
Part of the autonomic nervous system, operates the "flight or…
Part of the autonomic nervous system, tends to relax body sys…
central nervous system
Anatomy containing the parts of the brain and spinal cord. CN…
peripheral nervous system
All anatomy outside the brain and spinal cord. Serves as comm…
31 terms
Exercise Science - Physiology and Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Features of a cell
Homeostasis
The study of the structure and shape of the body/the body par…
The study of how the body and its parts work or function
Nucleus... Membrane... Cytoplasm... Ribsomes... Golgi Apparatas... Mitochond…
Maintenance of the equilibrium or constant conditions in a bi…
Anatomy
The study of the structure and shape of the body/the body par…
Physiology
The study of how the body and its parts work or function
34 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Tissues
epithelial tissue
squamous
cuboidal
columnar
tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little…
epithelium: flat
epithelium: cube-shaped
epithelium: greater in height than width
epithelial tissue
tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little…
squamous
epithelium: flat
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