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Study sets matching "anatomy lab brain spinal"

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Study sets matching "anatomy lab brain spinal"

12 terms
anatomy of the brain and spinal cord
cerebrum
cerebellum
medulla
brain stem
largest superior part of the brain 2 hemispheres divided into…
large mass of tissue located below the occipital lobes of the…
regulate breathing heart blood vessel digestion
bundle of nervous tissue that connect the cerebrum to spinal…
cerebrum
largest superior part of the brain 2 hemispheres divided into…
cerebellum
large mass of tissue located below the occipital lobes of the…
57 terms
Brain and Spinal Cord Anatomy
Cauda Equina ("horse tail" = spinal ne…
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Conus Medullaris (the terminal end of…
Dorsal Root
What is indicated by the blue arrow?
What is indicated by the blue arrow?
What is the blue arrow pointing at?
Cauda Equina ("horse tail" = spinal ne…
What is indicated by the blue arrow?
Cerebrospinal Fluid
31 terms
Spinal cord and Brain anatomy
Dorsal Root Ganglion
Dorsal Root
Central Canal
Ventral Root
Dorsal Root Ganglion
Dorsal Root
81 terms
Anatomy of Brain and Spinal Cord
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
67 terms
Anatomy of the Brain and Spinal Cord
prosencephalon
mesencephalon
rhombencephalon
telencephalon
Primary brain vesicle of the forebrain
Primary brain vesicle of the midbrain (2)
Primary brain vesicle of the hindbrain (3)
Secondary brain vesicle that contains the cerebrum and develo…
prosencephalon
Primary brain vesicle of the forebrain
mesencephalon
Primary brain vesicle of the midbrain (2)
28 terms
brain & spinal cord anatomy
dura mater
arachnoid mater
pia mater
longitudinal fissure
dura mater
arachnoid mater
Brain & Spinal Cord Anatomy
Thalamus
Corpus callosum
Septum pellucidum
Massa intermedia
Thalamus
Corpus callosum
50 terms
Brain & spinal cord anatomy
grey matter
white matter
nuclei
ganglia
nerve bodies
myelinated nerve axons
nerve cells in CNS
nerve cells in PNS
grey matter
nerve bodies
white matter
myelinated nerve axons
42 terms
Brain and Spinal Cord Anatomy
Anterior Median Fissure
Posterior Median Sulcus
Grey Matter
White Matter
Anterior Median Fissure
Posterior Median Sulcus
108 terms
Anatomy - Brain and Spinal Cord
I - Olfactory Nerve
II - Optic Nerve
III - Occulomotor Nerve
IV - Trochlear Nerve
sensory:... smell; origin in olfactory epithelium (cerebrum), te…
Sensory: vision; origin in retina (diencephalon)
Motor: ... somatic - movements of the eyeball, upper eyelid... para…
Motor: Movement of the eyeball; origin in midbrain
I - Olfactory Nerve
sensory:... smell; origin in olfactory epithelium (cerebrum), te…
II - Optic Nerve
Sensory: vision; origin in retina (diencephalon)
28 terms
Brain and spinal cord anatomy
Cerebrum
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Occipital lobe
the forebrain; cerebral hemispheres and associated structures…
higher cognitive function, personality, emotion, personality,…
mov't, sensation
vision perception
Cerebrum
the forebrain; cerebral hemispheres and associated structures…
Frontal lobe
higher cognitive function, personality, emotion, personality,…
103 terms
Brain and Spinal Cord Anatomy
Longitudinal fissure
Lateral sulcus
Central sulcus
Parieto-occipital sulcus
Longitudinal fissure
Lateral sulcus
109 terms
Anatomy: Brain and Spinal Cord
Falx Cerebri
Falx Cerebri
Falx Cerebelli
Tentorium Cerebelli
Falx Cerebri
Falx Cerebri
31 terms
Spinal cord and Brain anatomy
Dorsal Root Ganglion
Dorsal Root
Central Canal
Ventral Root
Dorsal Root Ganglion
Dorsal Root
10 terms
Anatomy lab brain/ spinal cord
dorsal spinal root
dorsal root ganglia
central canal
posterior median sulcus
dorsal spinal root
dorsal root ganglia
90 terms
Spinal anatomy - the brain
What separates the two cerebral hemisp…
what sinus runs along the flax cerebri?
Brocca's area is:... left or right?... what…
Brocca's area affects what?
falx cerebri (dura matter)
the superior sagital sinus
left inferior frontal lobe
ability to perform the motor function of speaking
What separates the two cerebral hemisp…
falx cerebri (dura matter)
what sinus runs along the flax cerebri?
the superior sagital sinus
20 terms
Anatomy of the Brain and Spinal Cord
The cerebral hemispheres are collectiv…
Gyri
Sulci
Fissures
Cerebrum, the most superior part of the brain.... Picture a mush…
elevated ridges (wrinkle of the brain) of tissue
shallow grooves that separate gyri
Are deep grooves, which separate major regions of the brain
The cerebral hemispheres are collectiv…
Cerebrum, the most superior part of the brain.... Picture a mush…
Gyri
elevated ridges (wrinkle of the brain) of tissue
55 terms
Anatomy: brain and spinal cord
lobes of the brain
type of cortex in precentral gyrus
type of cortex in postcentral gyrus
what makes up the diencephalon
frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, insula
primary motor cortex
primary somatosensory cortex
thalamus and hypothalamus, pituitary gland
lobes of the brain
frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, insula
type of cortex in precentral gyrus
primary motor cortex
82 terms
Anatomy - Brain & Spinal
What is the function of frontal lobe?
What is the function of parietal lobe?
What is the function of temporal lobe?
What is the function of Occipital lobe?
Motor(vation)
Sensory
Auditory & language
Visual
What is the function of frontal lobe?
Motor(vation)
What is the function of parietal lobe?
Sensory
16 terms
Spinal Cord and Brain Anatomy
vertebrae
nervous system
cerebellum
spinal cord
Rings of bone surrounding the spinal cord
Brain, spinal cord, and nerves; controls and coordinates acti…
Brain part that controls coordination and timing
About 18" long; the communication system between brain... and bo…
vertebrae
Rings of bone surrounding the spinal cord
nervous system
Brain, spinal cord, and nerves; controls and coordinates acti…
23 terms
Anatomy of the Brain & Spinal Cord
3 major divisions of the brain are:
Hypothalamus
Thalamus
Pons
Forebrain, Midbrain, Hindbrain
Regulates body temperature, hunger, homeostasis
Relays sensory signals to & from the spinal cord & cerebrum
Relay between cerebrum & cerebellum
3 major divisions of the brain are:
Forebrain, Midbrain, Hindbrain
Hypothalamus
Regulates body temperature, hunger, homeostasis
10 terms
Spinal Anatomy-Brain and Vessels
what artery feeds the Broca's area (fr…
what makes up the circle of willis
where is Wernickes area located of the…
what is the purpose of frontal lobe ma…
middle cerebral
PPIAA... posterior cerebral ... posterior communicating... internal ca…
Parietal lobe posterior (comprehension of words)
motor function
what artery feeds the Broca's area (fr…
middle cerebral
what makes up the circle of willis
PPIAA... posterior cerebral ... posterior communicating... internal ca…
20 terms
Anatomy of the Brain and Spinal Cord
The cerebral hemispheres are collectiv…
Gyri
Sulci
Fissures
Cerebrum, the most superior part of the brain.... Picture a mush…
elevated ridges (wrinkle of the brain) of tissue
shallow grooves that separate gyri
Are deep grooves, which separate major regions of the brain
The cerebral hemispheres are collectiv…
Cerebrum, the most superior part of the brain.... Picture a mush…
Gyri
elevated ridges (wrinkle of the brain) of tissue
38 terms
Anatomy Brain and Spinal cord
What does SCALP Stand for?
What two muscles does the Aponeurosis…
What are the two layers of Dura Mater…
Where does the middle Meningeal Artery…
Skin, Connective tissue, Aponeurosis, Loose connective tissue…
Frontalis and Occiptalis
Periosteal- connected to the bone... Meningeal- Free floating, n…
The Maxillary Artery, a branch off the External Carotid Artery.
What does SCALP Stand for?
Skin, Connective tissue, Aponeurosis, Loose connective tissue…
What two muscles does the Aponeurosis…
Frontalis and Occiptalis
73 terms
Anatomy Brain Spinal Cord
Central Nervous system
Peripheral Nervous system
cranial nerves
spinal nerves
Brain and Spinal Cord
Cranial nerves, spinal nerves and ganglia
stemming from the brain
stemming form the spinal cord
Central Nervous system
Brain and Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous system
Cranial nerves, spinal nerves and ganglia
79 terms
Brain/Spinal Cord Anatomy
Precentral gyrus, somatomotor/primary…
Postcentral gyrus, somatasensory/prima…
Frontal lobe
Temporal lobe
Motor function
Sensory function
Higher order and motor functions
Learning, memory, limbic system (emotion)
Precentral gyrus, somatomotor/primary…
Motor function
Postcentral gyrus, somatasensory/prima…
Sensory function
34 terms
Anatomy - Brain & Spinal Cord
Mid-Sagittal cut
Coronal/Frontal cut
Transverse/Cross-section
Para-Sagittal cut
Equal left and right sections of body
Ventral/dorsal anterior/posterior sections of body
Superior/inferior sections of body
Unequal left and right sections
Mid-Sagittal cut
Equal left and right sections of body
Coronal/Frontal cut
Ventral/dorsal anterior/posterior sections of body
66 terms
Anatomy: Brain & Spinal Cord
gyrus
sulcus
central sulcus
lateral sulcus
bump or fold; develops to increase brain's surface area
shallow groove on brain surface
divides frontal & parietal lobes
divides temporal & parietal lobes
gyrus
bump or fold; develops to increase brain's surface area
sulcus
shallow groove on brain surface
13 terms
Anatomy Brain and Spinal Cord
Hypothalamus
Medulla Oblongata
Midbrain
Pineal Gland
assists body in maintaining homeostasis, regulate hunger and…
regulates heartbeat and breathing.
contains reflex arcs for visual, auditory, and tactile respon…
secretes Melatonin
Hypothalamus
assists body in maintaining homeostasis, regulate hunger and…
Medulla Oblongata
regulates heartbeat and breathing.
39 terms
Brain and Spinal Cord Anatomy
Dura mater
Arachnoid
Right & left cerebral hemispheres
Longitudinal fissure
protects the brain
protects the brain
controls skeletal muscles; interpretation of sensory input; l…
separates the cerebral hemispheres
Dura mater
protects the brain
Arachnoid
protects the brain
Brain and spinal cord anatomy
Dura mater
Right and left cerebral hemispheres
Longitudinal fissure
Central sulcus
Protects the brain
Controls skeletal muscles; interpretation of sensory input;la…
Separates the cerebral hemispheres
Separates the frontal and parietal lobes
Dura mater
Protects the brain
Right and left cerebral hemispheres
Controls skeletal muscles; interpretation of sensory input;la…
56 terms
Anatomy- Brain and Spinal Nerves
brain stem
cerebellum
diencephalon
cerebrum
connects spinal cord to brain; integration of reflexes necess…
involved in control of locomotion, balance, posture
thalamus, hypothalamus
conscious thought, control
brain stem
connects spinal cord to brain; integration of reflexes necess…
cerebellum
involved in control of locomotion, balance, posture
155 terms
brain & spinal cord anatomy
where does spinal cord anatomy begin
describe spinal cord anatomy
where do most signals go for processing
what is the spinal cord protected by
base of skull
extends from foremen magnum of skull to first or second lumba…
cerebrum
vertebrae, cerebral spinal fluid and meninges
where does spinal cord anatomy begin
base of skull
describe spinal cord anatomy
extends from foremen magnum of skull to first or second lumba…
151 terms
Anatomy brain spinal cord practical
frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Temporal lobe
Occipital lobe
Identify #1
Identify #2
Identify #3
Identify #4
frontal lobe
Identify #1
Parietal lobe
Identify #2
11 terms
Anatomy : brain and spinal cord
Partial cut
Paraplegia
Quadriplegia
Frontal lobe
Loss of sensation on that sude if yhs bidy
Paralysis of the lower limbs and body the injury is between 1…
Paralysis of the entire body and all ; Kim's
Highest level processing, analysis from tori all thinking ana…
Partial cut
Loss of sensation on that sude if yhs bidy
Paraplegia
Paralysis of the lower limbs and body the injury is between 1…
Anatomy: Brain and Spinal Chord
neuroglia
Astrocytes
Microglia
ependymal cells
support cells in the CNS are grouped together as ____
stare-shaped cells, brace neurons, form barrier between capil…
Spiderlike phagocytes, dispose debris
line cavities of the brain and spinal chord, cilia assist wit…
neuroglia
support cells in the CNS are grouped together as ____
Astrocytes
stare-shaped cells, brace neurons, form barrier between capil…
21 terms
Anatomy of the Brain and Spinal Cord
Forebrain
Midbrain
Hindbrain
Diencephalon
the anterior part of the brain, including the cerebral hemisp…
A small central part of the brainstem, developing from the mi…
the lower part of the brainstem, comprising the cerebellum, p…
Internal structure of the brain. contains the thalmus and hyp…
Forebrain
the anterior part of the brain, including the cerebral hemisp…
Midbrain
A small central part of the brainstem, developing from the mi…
31 terms
brain and spinal cord anatomy
Dura mater
arachnoid
right/ left cerebral hemispheres
longitudinal fissure
protects brain
protects brain
controls skeletal muscles, interpretation of sensory input
separates cerebral hemispheres
Dura mater
protects brain
arachnoid
protects brain
40 terms
anatomy- brain and spinal cord
CNS is composed of
PNS is composed of
triple layered membrane that surrounds…
meningeal layers from deep to superfic…
interneurons
sensory and motor neurons
meninges
PAD
CNS is composed of
interneurons
PNS is composed of
sensory and motor neurons
16 terms
Spinal Cord and Brain Anatomy
vertebrae
nervous system
cerebellum
spinal cord
Rings of bone surrounding the spinal cord
Brain, spinal cord and nerves; controls and coordinates activ…
Brain part that controls coordination and timing
About 18" long; the communication system between brain... and bo…
vertebrae
Rings of bone surrounding the spinal cord
nervous system
Brain, spinal cord and nerves; controls and coordinates activ…
34 terms
brain and spinal cord anatomy
connective tissue layer that surrounds…
contains secretory vesicles filled wit…
neuron cell process that receives impu…
narrow space that separates the presyn…
endoneurium
synaptic terminals
dendrite
synaptic cleft
connective tissue layer that surrounds…
endoneurium
contains secretory vesicles filled wit…
synaptic terminals
59 terms
Anatomy: brain and spinal cord
lobes of the brain
type of cortex in precentral gyrus
type of cortex in postcentral gyrus
what makes up the diencephalon
frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, insula
primary motor cortex
primary somatosensory cortex
thalamus and hypothalamus, pituitary gland
lobes of the brain
frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, insula
type of cortex in precentral gyrus
primary motor cortex
30 terms
Anatomy of Brain and Spinal Cord
Dorsal Horn
Ventral Horn
Gray Matter
White Matter
receives sensory input... made of gray matter
sends out motor output... made of gray matter
nonmyelinated nerve fibers in CNS (cell body)
myelinated nerve fibers in CNS (axon & dendrites)
Dorsal Horn
receives sensory input... made of gray matter
Ventral Horn
sends out motor output... made of gray matter
34 terms
Neuron, Brain, Spinal Anatomy (pictures!)
Dendrite
Axon Hillock
Neurolemma
Nodes of Ranvier
conduct impulses toward the cell body
cone-shaped area from which axons arise
the outermost nucleated cytoplasmic layer of Schwann cells th…
gaps in myelin sheath along the axon
Dendrite
conduct impulses toward the cell body
Axon Hillock
cone-shaped area from which axons arise
30 terms
Anatomy of the Brain & Spinal Cord
3 major divisions
Parts of the forebrain
Diencephalon
Telencephalon
forebrain, midbrain, hindbrain
diencephalon, telencephalon
contains thalamus, hypothalamus... motor control, sensory inform…
"cerebral cortex"... largest part of the brain... location of most…
3 major divisions
forebrain, midbrain, hindbrain
Parts of the forebrain
diencephalon, telencephalon
22 terms
Anatomy of the Brain and Spinal Cord
The cerebral hemispheres are collectiv…
Gyri
Sulci
Fissures
Cerebrum, the most superior part of the brain.... Picture a mush…
elevated ridges (wrinkle of the brain) of tissue
shallow grooves that separate gyri
Are deep grooves, which separate major regions of the brain
The cerebral hemispheres are collectiv…
Cerebrum, the most superior part of the brain.... Picture a mush…
Gyri
elevated ridges (wrinkle of the brain) of tissue
91 terms
Human Anatomy Brain and Spinal cord
Brain protected by
Dura mater
Arachnoid mater
Pia mater
The skull and it's meninges. Dura mater, Arachnoid mater and…
outer layer "tough mother", 2 layers of dense irregular CT, B…
middle layer, Reticular CT, is spider like extensions connect…
inner layer covering surface of brain, very thin, made of Loo…
Brain protected by
The skull and it's meninges. Dura mater, Arachnoid mater and…
Dura mater
outer layer "tough mother", 2 layers of dense irregular CT, B…
13 terms
Anatomy of the Brain & Spinal Cord
Cerebral Cortex (Cerebrum)
Gray Matter (Brain)
White Matter (Brain)
Ventricles
Functions: Perception, voluntary movement, language, learning…
Made up of nuclei or clustered cell bodies; makes up outer sh…
Made up of myelinated axons (myelin = fat which is white in c…
Fluid-filled spaces in the Brain
Cerebral Cortex (Cerebrum)
Functions: Perception, voluntary movement, language, learning…
Gray Matter (Brain)
Made up of nuclei or clustered cell bodies; makes up outer sh…
Brain and Spinal Cord Anatomy
What embryonic brains develop from the…
Which adult brains develop from the te…
What is the associated ventricle with…
Which adult brains develop from the di…
Telencephalon and Diancephalon
cerebral cortex... basal ganglia... hippocampus... olfactory bulb... basa…
Later ventricles
Thalamus and hypothalamus
What embryonic brains develop from the…
Telencephalon and Diancephalon
Which adult brains develop from the te…
cerebral cortex... basal ganglia... hippocampus... olfactory bulb... basa…
22 terms
Anatomy of the Brain and Spinal Cord
The cerebral hemispheres are collectiv…
Gyri
Sulci
Fissures
Cerebrum, the most superior part of the brain.... Picture a mush…
elevated ridges (wrinkle of the brain) of tissue
shallow grooves that separate gyri
Are deep grooves, which separate major regions of the brain
The cerebral hemispheres are collectiv…
Cerebrum, the most superior part of the brain.... Picture a mush…
Gyri
elevated ridges (wrinkle of the brain) of tissue
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