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Study sets matching "anatomy leg knee joint"

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Study sets matching "anatomy leg knee joint"

Anatomy: Leg & Knee Joint
The _______ is the largest bone in the…
The head of the femur articulates with…
The femur ____ is a common site of fra…
The _______ is the second largest bone…
Femur
Acetabulum
Neck
Tibia
The _______ is the largest bone in the…
Femur
The head of the femur articulates with…
Acetabulum
85 terms
Anatomy knee and leg bones and joints
3 joints of the knee complex
Name the 3 bones of the knee complex
Medal Femoral Condyle anatomy
What does the MFC projecting distally…
tibio femoral joint(2) femoro-Patellar joint... proximal tib/fib
Femur... Tibia... Patella
larger... -greater SA... -longer tibal articular surface than femor…
places the condyles on a horizontal plane
3 joints of the knee complex
tibio femoral joint(2) femoro-Patellar joint... proximal tib/fib
Name the 3 bones of the knee complex
Femur... Tibia... Patella
Leg & Knee Joint
Femur- posterior
Femur- anterior
Anterior vs. Posterior sides of epiphy…
Femur- posterior
Femur- anterior
89 terms
Leg and Knee Joint
Femur
Tibia
Fibula
Tibia - medial condyle
Largest bone in the body... Head - articulates with acetabulum…
2nd largest bone in the body... Weight bearing bone and positio…
Long, thin bone located laterally... Mainly for muscular attach…
Femur
Largest bone in the body... Head - articulates with acetabulum…
Tibia
2nd largest bone in the body... Weight bearing bone and positio…
9 terms
Knee Joint/Leg
biceps femoris
semimembranosus
semitendinosus
rectus femoris
extends thigh; flexes leg; laterally rotates leg... hamstring
extends thigh and flexes leg; medially rotates leg... hamstring
extends thigh and flexes leg; medially rotates leg... hamstring
extends leg, flexes thigh... quad
biceps femoris
extends thigh; flexes leg; laterally rotates leg... hamstring
semimembranosus
extends thigh and flexes leg; medially rotates leg... hamstring
61 terms
Knee, Leg, Ankle Joint
Tibialis anterior origin
Tibialis anterior insertion
Tibialis anterior action
Tibialis anterior innervation
lateral condyle and superolateral tibia, IO membrane
plantar/medial surface of medial cuneiform and base 1st metat…
dorsiflexes foot at ankle joint, inverts foot
deep fibular nerve (L4-S1)
Tibialis anterior origin
lateral condyle and superolateral tibia, IO membrane
Tibialis anterior insertion
plantar/medial surface of medial cuneiform and base 1st metat…
Leg and Knee Joint
What is the largest bone in the human…
where does it the head articulate? whe…
What is the 2nd largest bone in the bo…
what is a long thin bone located later…
the femur!
articualtes with acetabulum... neck is common site of fractures…
TIBIA
Fibula!... it helps stabilize the ankle joint though.
What is the largest bone in the human…
the femur!
where does it the head articulate? whe…
articualtes with acetabulum... neck is common site of fractures…
23 terms
Pro2 Lower extremity Knee joint and lower leg joints anatomy
patella
patella
Patella Apex
knee joint
consists of a base (superior), body, and apex (inferior)
largest sesmoid bone in the body; triangular shaped
1/2" inferior to the knee joint
formed by:... femoral condyles (distal)... tibial condyles (proximal)
patella
consists of a base (superior), body, and apex (inferior)
patella
largest sesmoid bone in the body; triangular shaped
30 terms
Anatomy Knee & Leg Bones
anterior crest
femur
fibula
fibula
anterior crest
femur
98 terms
Leg and Knee Joint
Largest bone in the body
Common site of proximal fractures in leg
2nd largest bone in the body
Weight bearing bone positioned mediall…
femur
neck of femur
tibia
tibia
Largest bone in the body
femur
Common site of proximal fractures in leg
neck of femur
68 terms
Leg and Knee Joint
What are some basic characteristics of…
What are some basic characteristics of…
What are some basic characteristics of…
What are some details of the tibia?
-largest bone in the body... -head-articulates with acetabulum... -…
-2nd largest bone in the body weight bearing bone and positio…
-long thin bone located laterally... -mainly for muscular attach…
-proximal tibia: medial and lateral condyles... -*tibial tuber…
What are some basic characteristics of…
-largest bone in the body... -head-articulates with acetabulum... -…
What are some basic characteristics of…
-2nd largest bone in the body weight bearing bone and positio…
39 terms
Knee Joint and Leg
What is the largest sesamoid bone?
What type of joint is the knee joint a…
How many joints make up the knee joint…
List the 3 synovial joints that make u…
Patella
synovial hinge joint
3. joint capsule
1&2. two condyloid joints bw medial and lateral condyles of f…
What is the largest sesamoid bone?
Patella
What type of joint is the knee joint a…
synovial hinge joint
33 terms
Knee and Upper Leg Anatomy
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Medial Collateral Ligament
Tibial Tuberosity
Fibula
What structure is highlighted?
What structure is highlighted?
What is this structure?
What structure is highlighted?
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
What structure is highlighted?
Medial Collateral Ligament
What structure is highlighted?
15 terms
knee joint anatomy
lateral condyle of femur
medial condyle of femur
lateral condyle of tibia
medial condyle of tibia
lateral condyle of femur
medial condyle of femur
105 terms
Muscles of the Lower Leg and Knee Joint
What is the origin of gastrocnemius me…
What is the origin of gastrocnemius la…
What is the insertion of gastrocnemius?
What is the innervation of gastrocnemi…
Posterior surface of femur superior to medial condyle
Posterolateral surface of lateral condyle of femur
Calcaneous via Achilles Tendon
Tibial N
What is the origin of gastrocnemius me…
Posterior surface of femur superior to medial condyle
What is the origin of gastrocnemius la…
Posterolateral surface of lateral condyle of femur
137 terms
Anatomy-Knee and Leg
what type of joint is the proximal tib…
what ligaments are present at the prox…
what is the nerve supply to the proxim…
what type of joint is the distal tibio…
synovial plane, gliding
anterior and posterior fibular ligaments
common fibular nerve
fibrous
what type of joint is the proximal tib…
synovial plane, gliding
what ligaments are present at the prox…
anterior and posterior fibular ligaments
81 terms
Anatomy: Hip, Knee & Leg
The hip-joint is what type of joint
The hip-joint is designed for
The entire body weight from the verteb…
How is the depth of the acetabulum inc…
multiaxial ball & socket
stability & weight bearing PLUS flexibility
head & neck of femur
acetabular labrum & transverse acetabular ligament
The hip-joint is what type of joint
multiaxial ball & socket
The hip-joint is designed for
stability & weight bearing PLUS flexibility
17 terms
Knee joint and muscles of lower leg
medial menisci
lateral menisci
medial collateral ligament
lateral collateral ligament
what is #7
medial menisci
lateral menisci
what is #7
36 terms
Knee and leg anatomy
lateral condyle
medial condyle
lateral epicondyle
medial epicondyle
lateral condyle
medial condyle
133 terms
Anatomy - Knee and Leg
What type of joint is the proximal tib…
What ligaments support the proximal ti…
What is the nerve supply to the proxim…
What type of joint is the distal tibio…
Synovial... Plane/gliding
Anterior and posterior fibular ligaments
Common fibular nerve
Fibrous joint
What type of joint is the proximal tib…
Synovial... Plane/gliding
What ligaments support the proximal ti…
Anterior and posterior fibular ligaments
15 terms
Joints and Ligaments of the knee and lower leg
Tibiofemoral joint
Patellafemoral joint
Proximal tibiofibular joint
Additional ligaments
MCL... ACL... PCL... LCL
Patella tendon
Anterior ligament of fibular head... Posterior ligament of fibul…
Transverse ligament... Oblique popliteal ligament... Arcuate poplit…
Tibiofemoral joint
MCL... ACL... PCL... LCL
Patellafemoral joint
Patella tendon
52 terms
Muscles of Hip, Knee Joints, and Leg
Tensor fasciae latae
Gracilis
Sartorius
Rectus femoris
A: medial rotation and abduction of femur
A: adduction of femur
O: asis ... I: pes anserinus ... A: flexes leg and femur, lateral r…
O: aiis, superior marg. of acetabulum ... I: patella and tibial…
Tensor fasciae latae
A: medial rotation and abduction of femur
Gracilis
A: adduction of femur
9 terms
Knee Joint Anatomy
Tibiofemoral Joint
Patellofemoral Joint
Sesamoid
Medial Meniscus
The knee joint as a structure consists with this as 1 of the…
The knee joint as a structure consists with this as 1 of the…
The patella is this kind of bone which develops as a bone ins…
1 of the 2 depressed discs of cartilage act as shock absorber…
Tibiofemoral Joint
The knee joint as a structure consists with this as 1 of the…
Patellofemoral Joint
The knee joint as a structure consists with this as 1 of the…
42 terms
Anatomy: Knee & Lower Leg
What are the 3 articulations of the kn…
Which has more injury? medial or later…
What is the ligament on the lateral si…
What are the proximal & distal attachm…
Tibiofemoral joint... Patellofemoral joint... Proximal tibiofibular…
MCL because it is more firmly attached than LCL
anterolateral ligament
P: ant. and inf. aspects of GT; lateral lip of linea aspera... D…
What are the 3 articulations of the kn…
Tibiofemoral joint... Patellofemoral joint... Proximal tibiofibular…
Which has more injury? medial or later…
MCL because it is more firmly attached than LCL
23 terms
ANATOMY: Knee Joint
Arthrology of the knee joint
Medial and lateral condyles of femur
Tibial plateau
Menisci of the tibia
Modified hinge joint between femur-tibia & femur-patella... LARG…
Large, crescent-shaped expansions of distal femur... LATERAL CO…
Flat superior surface of tibia ... Consists of concave medial a…
2 fibrocartilage plates resting on medial & lateral condyles…
Arthrology of the knee joint
Modified hinge joint between femur-tibia & femur-patella... LARG…
Medial and lateral condyles of femur
Large, crescent-shaped expansions of distal femur... LATERAL CO…
132 terms
Gross Anatomy- Leg & Knee
What type of joint is the proximal tib…
What ligaments are attached to the pro…
What is the nerve supply of the Proxim…
What type of joint is the distal tibio…
synovial, plane, gliding joint
anterior and posterior fibular ligaments
common fibular nerve
fibrous joint
What type of joint is the proximal tib…
synovial, plane, gliding joint
What ligaments are attached to the pro…
anterior and posterior fibular ligaments
58 terms
Anatomy: Knee and Lower Leg
What is the unhappy triad of the knee?
What is genu valgum?
What is genu varum?
What do genu varum and valgum do to mu…
MCL, medial meniscus, and ACL (weakest areas of knee)
"Knock knee" (normal at ages 2-4)
"Bow legged" (normal at ages 1-2 prior to walking)
Puts extra wear and tear on them.
What is the unhappy triad of the knee?
MCL, medial meniscus, and ACL (weakest areas of knee)
What is genu valgum?
"Knock knee" (normal at ages 2-4)
97 terms
Anatomy Magic (Knee and Leg)
Condyloid Joint
Knee joint menisci
Quadriceps femoris
Patellofemoral syndrome (runner's knee)
What shape is the synovial joint in the knee?
Which type of soft tissue in the knee contributes to reducing…
The patellar reflex test test for a neurologic reflex due to…
What is the name of the condition in which there is a softeni…
Condyloid Joint
What shape is the synovial joint in the knee?
Knee joint menisci
Which type of soft tissue in the knee contributes to reducing…
14 terms
Lower Leg and Knee Anatomy
additional name for tibial spine
Osgood-Schlatter's
additional name for apex of fibula
slope of tibial plateau
intercondyloid eminence
separation of tibial tuberosity off tibia from overuse
styloid process
10-20 degrees posteriorly
additional name for tibial spine
intercondyloid eminence
Osgood-Schlatter's
separation of tibial tuberosity off tibia from overuse
54 terms
Knee, Leg, Ankle Joint and Foot
T/F: The lateral condyle is wider than…
Which femur condyle has a larger tibia…
What is the consequence of the Medial…
What is Genu Valgum?
True: ... It lies along the principle line of force and is prob…
Medial Condyle
This results in lateral rotation of the tibia with reference…
Knock-Knees or an exaggerated inward angling at the knee
T/F: The lateral condyle is wider than…
True: ... It lies along the principle line of force and is prob…
Which femur condyle has a larger tibia…
Medial Condyle
53 terms
Anatomy Bones and Knee Joint
frontal bone
parietal bone
occipital bone
temporal bone
frontal bone
parietal bone
16 terms
HUMAN ANATOMY- KNEE JOINT
What joint is freely mobile between
True or False? The knee joint is the l…
_______________ capsule encloses only…
__________ passes over anterior surfac…
diarthrotic hinge joint
true
articular
quadriceps femoris muscle tendon
What joint is freely mobile between
diarthrotic hinge joint
True or False? The knee joint is the l…
true
14 terms
Human Anatomy: Knee Joint
Patella
Femur
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
Lateral Meniscus
Patella
Femur
137 terms
Anatomy-Knee and Leg
what type of joint is the proximal tib…
what ligaments are present at the prox…
what is the nerve supply to the proxim…
what type of joint is the distal tibio…
synovial plane, gliding
anterior and posterior fibular ligaments
common fibular nerve
fibrous
what type of joint is the proximal tib…
synovial plane, gliding
what ligaments are present at the prox…
anterior and posterior fibular ligaments
29 terms
Anatomy Pelvis, Leg, and Knee
ilium
alae
ilium
sacroiliac joint
elephant shaped part of pelvis
when you put your hands on your hips you are putting them here
connects posteriorly with sacrum at sacroiliac joint
large flaring bone that forms most of the hip bone
ilium
elephant shaped part of pelvis
alae
when you put your hands on your hips you are putting them here
61 terms
Clinical anatomy of the knee and leg
anterior compartment of leg action
anterior compartment of leg innervations
anterior compartment of leg muscles
which nerve goes along with the anteri…
ankle extensor/ foot invertor, toe extensors, foot evertor
deep fibular n
tibialis anterior m... extensor , extensor digitorum longus m, e…
deep fibular n
anterior compartment of leg action
ankle extensor/ foot invertor, toe extensors, foot evertor
anterior compartment of leg innervations
deep fibular n
Exam 3 knee joint & leg
Knee joint general characteristics
Knee articulations ... Lateral femortibia…
Knee joint articular capsule
Patellar ... Tibial ... Fibular ... Oblique ... Ar…
Characteristics... Hinge Synovial joint (although there is a r…
Lateral femorotibial articulation- between the lateral condy…
The articular capsule lines all internal surfaces of the syn…
Extra-articular all in the outside of the bone articular liga…
Knee joint general characteristics
Characteristics... Hinge Synovial joint (although there is a r…
Knee articulations ... Lateral femortibia…
Lateral femorotibial articulation- between the lateral condy…
97 terms
Anatomy Magic (Knee and Leg)
Condyloid Joint
Knee joint menisci
Quadriceps femoris
Patellofemoral syndrome (runner's knee)
What shape is the synovial joint in the knee?
Which type of soft tissue in the knee contributes to reducing…
The patellar reflex test test for a neurologic reflex due to…
What is the name of the condition in which there is a softeni…
Condyloid Joint
What shape is the synovial joint in the knee?
Knee joint menisci
Which type of soft tissue in the knee contributes to reducing…
88 terms
Knee, Leg Anatomy
A football player gets hit in the knee…
A 21-year-old tennis player comes to a…
A 60-year old woman is hit in the medi…
A patient has a thrombosis to the popl…
Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
Lateral collateral ligament
Medial meniscus
Femoral vein
A football player gets hit in the knee…
Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
A 21-year-old tennis player comes to a…
Lateral collateral ligament
45 terms
Anatomy Knee, Leg & Hip Muscles
adductor longus
adductor longus
adductor magnus
adductor magnus
adductor longus
adductor longus
22 terms
Anatomy- the knee & leg
What arteries and veins run through th…
What artery runs down the anterior leg…
What artery runs down the anterior leg…
What arteries and veins are inside the…
Superior & Inferior Medial/Lateral Genicular arteries
anterior tibial artery
fibular artery
Popliteal artery and vein
What arteries and veins run through th…
Superior & Inferior Medial/Lateral Genicular arteries
What artery runs down the anterior leg…
anterior tibial artery
9 terms
Muscle Actions - Knee Joint/Leg
Rectus Femoris
Vastus Medialis
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Lateralis
flexes thigh; extends leg
extends leg
extends leg
extends leg
Rectus Femoris
flexes thigh; extends leg
Vastus Medialis
extends leg
52 terms
Lower leg and knee anatomy
What views do we do for the lower leg?
When someone comes in with just pain i…
What two views are only part of the or…
Weight bearing bone of the lower leg
AP and lateral
AP and lateral
Patella and ICF views
Tibia
What views do we do for the lower leg?
AP and lateral
When someone comes in with just pain i…
AP and lateral
54 terms
Anatomy of Knee, Leg, and Ankle
What four muscles make up the anterior…
What motor nerve supplies all muscles…
What is the origin of tibialis anterio…
What is the insertion of tibialis ante…
Tibialis anterior... Extensor digitorum longus... Extensor hallucis…
Deep fibular (peroneal) nerve
Lateral tibial condyle... Interosseous membrane
First cuneiform... First metatarsal
What four muscles make up the anterior…
Tibialis anterior... Extensor digitorum longus... Extensor hallucis…
What motor nerve supplies all muscles…
Deep fibular (peroneal) nerve
51 terms
anatomy knee and lower leg
What is the weight bearing bone
What bone is found on the medial side…
What lower leg bone helps form the kne…
What is the most superior portion of t…
tibia
tibia
tibia
intercondyloid eminance
What is the weight bearing bone
tibia
What bone is found on the medial side…
tibia
103 terms
Knee joint, leg, and ankle joint practice questions
What type of joint is the knee?
What are the primary movements of the…
Because of incongruency between articu…
Name the articulations of the knee joint
hinge joint (modified - condyloid with gliding/rotation)... syn…
flexion and extension
rotate
2 femorotibial ... 1 femoropatellar
What type of joint is the knee?
hinge joint (modified - condyloid with gliding/rotation)... syn…
What are the primary movements of the…
flexion and extension
64 terms
Anatomy - Leg and Knee
Tibia
Fibula
Crural fascia
Retinacula
Medially located... Two condyles that articulate with the femur…
Head - articulates proximally with the lateral condyle of the…
Attached superiorly to bony structures of the knee except pos…
prevent bow stringing of the tendons in the ankle
Tibia
Medially located... Two condyles that articulate with the femur…
Fibula
Head - articulates proximally with the lateral condyle of the…
80 terms
Muscles of Lower Leg & the Knee Joint
Flexor muscles Broken down into:
flexor muscle general function
3 Superficial Muscles of Posterior Com…
superficial muscles all insert on
Superficial Muscles... Deep Muscles... (Separated by layer of fascia)
Plantarflex and invert foot... Flex toes
Gastrocnemius... Plantaris... Soleus
Calcaneous vis Achilles Tendon... (Separated from Deep Muscles b…
Flexor muscles Broken down into:
Superficial Muscles... Deep Muscles... (Separated by layer of fascia)
flexor muscle general function
Plantarflex and invert foot... Flex toes
29 terms
Muscles of Knee Joint/Leg Notes
iliopsoas and sartorius
location iliopsoas and sartorius
sartorius
adductors
two muscles act to flex lower limb
anterior side of thigh, opposite to side where major extensor…
lateral rotator of limb
grouped together as collection called adductors; adductor of…
iliopsoas and sartorius
two muscles act to flex lower limb
location iliopsoas and sartorius
anterior side of thigh, opposite to side where major extensor…
19 terms
Anatomy: Knee, Leg, and Foot
Knee Joint... Bones involved
Knee Joint Capsule and Joint type
Knee Joint motions
Medial and Lateral Menisci
Femur-medial/lateral condyles... Tibia-medial/lateral condyles... P…
Capsule:Extensive and reinforced anteriorly by patella and pa…
Flexion/Extension is the primary movement with some medial/ l…
Semilunar fibrocartilage discs Attached to tibial condyles to…
Knee Joint... Bones involved
Femur-medial/lateral condyles... Tibia-medial/lateral condyles... P…
Knee Joint Capsule and Joint type
Capsule:Extensive and reinforced anteriorly by patella and pa…
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