Study sets matching "anatomy lower limb"

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Study sets matching "anatomy lower limb"

97 terms
lower limb gross anatomy
Psoas Major
Iliacus
Gluteus Maximus
Gluteus Medius
Origin: lumbar transverse processes of vertebrae T12-L5... Inser…
Origin: iliac fossa... Insertion: lesser trochanter... Action: Flex…
Origin: Ilium posterior to post. gluteal line, dorsal sacrum…
Origin:Ilium between ant. & post. gluteal lines... Insertion: la…
Psoas Major
Origin: lumbar transverse processes of vertebrae T12-L5... Inser…
Iliacus
Origin: iliac fossa... Insertion: lesser trochanter... Action: Flex…
64 terms
BRS Anatomy - Lower Limb
1. The Answer is B. The common peronea…
2. The Answer is C. The superior glute…
3. The Answer is D. The posterior cruc…
4. The answer is D. The femoral nerve…
1. A 27-year-old patient exhibits a loss of skin sensation an…
2. A patient with a deep knife wound in the buttock walks wit…
3. A patient is unable to prevent anterior displacement of th…
4. A 41-year-old man was involved in a fight and felt weaknes…
1. The Answer is B. The common peronea…
1. A 27-year-old patient exhibits a loss of skin sensation an…
2. The Answer is C. The superior glute…
2. A patient with a deep knife wound in the buttock walks wit…
94 terms
Gross Anatomy -- Lower Limb
Tibial tuberosity
Femur
Tibial plateau
Tibia
1. What is it?... Protuberance on the proximal anterior aspect o…
1. What is its function?... Only bone of the thigh; attachment f…
1. What is it?... The proximal weight-bearing surface of the tibia
1. What are the four joints of the tibia?... Knee, ankle, distal…
Tibial tuberosity
1. What is it?... Protuberance on the proximal anterior aspect o…
Femur
1. What is its function?... Only bone of the thigh; attachment f…
90 terms
lower limb anatomy
Psoas Major
Iliacus
Iliopsoas
Gluteus Maximus
Origin: vertebrae T12-L4... Insertion: Lesser trochanter... Action:…
Origin: iliac fossa... Insertion: lesser trochanter... Action: Flex…
psoas and iliacus muscles combine to from this muscle as it e…
Origin: Posterior iliac crest and sacrum... Insertion gluteal tu…
Psoas Major
Origin: vertebrae T12-L4... Insertion: Lesser trochanter... Action:…
Iliacus
Origin: iliac fossa... Insertion: lesser trochanter... Action: Flex…
6 terms
Lower Limb Anatomy (Vasculator)
Saphenous
Small Saphenous Vein
Small Saphenous Vein
Great Saphenous Vein
Longest vein in body
Origin from lateral, dorsal venous arch; Ascends from behind…
Origin from the dorsal venous arch of the foot, ascends in fr…
Saphenous
Longest vein in body
Small Saphenous Vein
25 terms
Lower Limb Anatomy (Nerves)
Lumbar Plexus
Iliohypogastric
Ilioinguinal
Genitofemoral
L1-L4
Lumbar plexus (L1), Lateral gluteal region
Lumbar plexus (L1), Upper medial thigh
Lumbar plexus (L1-2), upper medial thigh and upper anterior t…
Lumbar Plexus
L1-L4
Iliohypogastric
Lumbar plexus (L1), Lateral gluteal region
Anatomy Lower limb bones
3 parts of coxal bone
Ilium
Ischium
Pubis
Ilium, ischium and pubis
superior
"Sit bone" inferior and dorsal
anterior and medial "triangle"
3 parts of coxal bone
Ilium, ischium and pubis
Ilium
superior
Lower Limb Anatomy (Elliot)
Iliac crest
Posterior superior iliac spine
Medial sacral crest
Inferior lateral angle of the sacrum
distinguishes back and flank from gluteal region, ... origin of…
origin of gluteus maximus muscle
indicates the midline of the pelvis
attachment of sacrotuberous ligament
Iliac crest
distinguishes back and flank from gluteal region, ... origin of…
Posterior superior iliac spine
origin of gluteus maximus muscle
anatomy lower limb muscles
adductor group
biceps femoris
brachiallis
cardiac muscle
medially rotates hip
flexes knee
Flexor of the elbow
Muscle of the heart
adductor group
medially rotates hip
biceps femoris
flexes knee
Anatomy Lower Limb Diagrams
ilium
ischium
pubis
ischial tuberosity
ilium
ischium
80 terms
Anatomy Lower Limb
Psoas Major
Psoas Minor
Iliacus
Sartorius
Psoas Major
Psoas Minor
104 terms
Lower Limb Anatomy ID
Illium
Ischium
Pubis
Illiac Crest
Illium
Ischium
68 terms
1. Anatomy- Lower Limb
1. Ligament of Bigelow is present in -…
2. The keystone of the medial longitud…
3. Lateral meniscus is less prone to i…
4. The cremaster muscle is innervated…
...
c) Talus
b) Lateral meniscus is opened outwards by the popliteus
a) Genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve
1. Ligament of Bigelow is present in -…
...
2. The keystone of the medial longitud…
c) Talus
27 terms
Lower Limb Anatomy
Where do the saphenous veins originate…
Where is the short saphenous vein?
Where is the great saphenous vein?
What causes varicose veins?
Dorsal venous arch of foot
Malfunctioning valves
Where do the saphenous veins originate…
Dorsal venous arch of foot
Where is the short saphenous vein?
43 terms
Anatomy - Lower Limb - Bone
Bones of Lower Limb:
Pelvic / Hip Bone
Pelvic: Ischium
Pelvic: Illium
femur, tibia, fibula, hip (pelvic) bone, patella, tarsals, me…
Bones of Lower Limb:
femur, tibia, fibula, hip (pelvic) bone, patella, tarsals, me…
Pelvic / Hip Bone
62 terms
20 Anatomy Lower Limb
Compartment Syndrome
Hours
Fasciotomy
L2-S2
Decreased tissue perfusion through high pressure
muscles and nerves can become ischemic and necrotic within th…
surgically opening the fascial compartment
the lower limb bund appears and grows laterally from these ve…
Compartment Syndrome
Decreased tissue perfusion through high pressure
Hours
muscles and nerves can become ischemic and necrotic within th…
Anatomy Lower Limb
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Pelvis/Os coxae
Thin, peels off after sunburn, nonvascular
Thick layer of connective tissue & important structures
Subcutaneous layer - fat
Epidermis
Thin, peels off after sunburn, nonvascular
Dermis
Thick layer of connective tissue & important structures
109 terms
Musculoskeletal Anatomy of Lower Limb
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
Pes Anserine
Bicep Femoris
ORIGIN: Ischial Tuberosity... INSERTION: Posterior part of Media…
ORIGIN: Ischial Tuberosity... INSERTION: Anteromedial tibial sha…
Common tendon, made up of of "Sgt"-Sartorius, Gracilis, semiT…
ORIGIN: |Long head- Ischial Tuberosity|Short head- Linea Aspe…
Semimembranosus
ORIGIN: Ischial Tuberosity... INSERTION: Posterior part of Media…
Semitendinosus
ORIGIN: Ischial Tuberosity... INSERTION: Anteromedial tibial sha…
57 terms
Human anatomy - Lower limb
Pelvic bone or the os coxae
Acetabulum
Obturator foramen
Iliac fossa
Composed of three separate bones
Hole for the head of the femur
Big hole
Pelvic bone or the os coxae
Composed of three separate bones
Acetabulum
Hole for the head of the femur
24 terms
ANATOMY: Superficial Lower Limb
Basic divisions of lower limb
Gluteal region of lower limb
Thigh region of lower limb
Knee region of lower limb
ANTERIOR SURFACE... Anterior thigh ... Anterior knee... Anterior leg... A…
Transitional region b/w trunk (superiorly) and posterior thig…
ANTERIOR SURFACE... Bounded by inguinal ligament (superiorly) an…
ANTERIOR SURFACE ... Distal femur (medial & lateral condyles, pa…
Basic divisions of lower limb
ANTERIOR SURFACE... Anterior thigh ... Anterior knee... Anterior leg... A…
Gluteal region of lower limb
Transitional region b/w trunk (superiorly) and posterior thig…
43 terms
Anatomy: Lower Limb
Femur
fibula
Tibia
head of the femur
Femur
fibula
Anatomy-->Joints Lower limb
Hip Joint... - Introduction... * Type of Jo…
Hip Joint... - Introduction... * Movements
Hip Joint... - Introduction... * Stability
Hip Joint... - Articular surfaces... *Aceta…
1. type of joint (Gray's 6.29) - ball and socket synovial joi…
2. movements (Gray's 6.5) - movements allowed in all directio…
3. stability (Netter 474, Moore 5.83) - needs to be much grea…
B. Articular surfaces (Netter 473, 474) ... 1. acetabulum - is a…
Hip Joint... - Introduction... * Type of Jo…
1. type of joint (Gray's 6.29) - ball and socket synovial joi…
Hip Joint... - Introduction... * Movements
2. movements (Gray's 6.5) - movements allowed in all directio…
Lower limb surface anatomy
anterior superior iliac spine
ASIS
iliac crest
sacrum
surface anatomy of the anterior superior iliac spine is AKA _…
anterior superior iliac spine
ASIS
surface anatomy of the anterior superior iliac spine is AKA _…
Anatomy- Lower Limb I
4 Regions of the Lower Limb?
Functions of lower limb?
Hip joint movements?
Knee joint movements?
Gluteal Region... Thigh... Leg... Foot
support body weight... locomotion
Flexion/Extension... Abduction/adduction... Internal rotation/exter…
Flexion/extension
4 Regions of the Lower Limb?
Gluteal Region... Thigh... Leg... Foot
Functions of lower limb?
support body weight... locomotion
Anatomy Nerves of Lower Limb
Lumbar Plexus
femoral and obturator nerves
femoral nerve
obturator nerve
T12&L1-L4... formed antererior to transverse processes of lower…
nerves derived from lumbar plexus
larges nerve off lumbar plexus, enters thighs by passing deep…
passes through obturator foramen to enter medial thigh, inner…
Lumbar Plexus
T12&L1-L4... formed antererior to transverse processes of lower…
femoral and obturator nerves
nerves derived from lumbar plexus
145 terms
Anatomy Exam Lower Limb
ACL
LCL
tendon of popliteus
lateral meniscus
B
C
D
E
ACL
B
LCL
C
93 terms
Anatomy MSK - Lower Limb
What are the 3 compartments the thigh…
What is the function of each compartme…
What is the major nerve of innervation…
What is the major nerve of innervation…
1. Anterior... 2. Medial... 3. Posterior
1. Anterior -> flexion... 2. Medial -> Adduction... 3. Posterior ->…
Femoral Nerve
Obturator Nerve
What are the 3 compartments the thigh…
1. Anterior... 2. Medial... 3. Posterior
What is the function of each compartme…
1. Anterior -> flexion... 2. Medial -> Adduction... 3. Posterior ->…
11 terms
Muscles lower limb anatomy
Anterior compartment of thigh muscles
Most anterior compartments are innerva…
iliopsoas (major and minor) are innerv…
Main function of pectineus is _____ wh…
pectineus, iliopsoas (major, minor), Iliac, and Sartorial
L2 and L3 of the femoral nerve ... iliopsoas (major and minor)
L1 and L2
ADDuct
Anterior compartment of thigh muscles
pectineus, iliopsoas (major, minor), Iliac, and Sartorial
Most anterior compartments are innerva…
L2 and L3 of the femoral nerve ... iliopsoas (major and minor)
lower limb anatomy
Psoas Major
Iliacus
Iliopsoas
Gluteus Maximus
Action: Flexes and rotates hip
Action: Flexes and rotates hip
psoas & iliacus muscles combine to from this muscle as it ent…
Action: Extends and rotates hip; superior part abducts hip, i…
Psoas Major
Action: Flexes and rotates hip
Iliacus
Action: Flexes and rotates hip
Anatomy- Lower Limb III
Distally, structures pass between leg…
Fibula distally forms what?
Tibia distally forms what? ... And articu…
Compartments of leg formed by?
-tarsal tunnel... or ... -anterior to ankle
Lateral malleolus of ankle
medial malleolus of ankle... articulates with talus bone of foot…
ant. intermuscular septum... post. intermuscular septum... inteross…
Distally, structures pass between leg…
-tarsal tunnel... or ... -anterior to ankle
Fibula distally forms what?
Lateral malleolus of ankle
48 terms
Anatomy - Lower Limb
Medial Longitudinal Arch
Lateral Longitudinal Arch
Transverse Longitudinal Arch
Flexion
Calcaneus, Talus, Navicular, Cuneiforms, Metatarsals 1-3... Keys…
Calcaneus, Cuboid, Metatarsals 4-5... Keystone: Cuboid
Cuboid, Cuneiforms, Bases of Metatarsals 1-5... Keystone: Middle…
Movement that decreases the angle between body parts at a joint
Medial Longitudinal Arch
Calcaneus, Talus, Navicular, Cuneiforms, Metatarsals 1-3... Keys…
Lateral Longitudinal Arch
Calcaneus, Cuboid, Metatarsals 4-5... Keystone: Cuboid
112 terms
Anatomy lower limb- joints
knee joint
Lesser trochanter attachments
All venous heart drainage
inferior gluteal nerve
weak- two balls on tabletop- need support... menisci
Psoas major and illiacus
to coronary sinus except anterior cardiac veins-> go to rig…
L5S1S2
knee joint
weak- two balls on tabletop- need support... menisci
Lesser trochanter attachments
Psoas major and illiacus
76 terms
Lower Limb anatomy
pelvis
ilium, ischium, pubis
femur
tibia
os coxa = ?
Pelvis consists of what 3 parts?
pelvis
os coxa = ?
ilium, ischium, pubis
Pelvis consists of what 3 parts?
17 terms
Clinical anatomy of lower limb
Shenton's line
fractures of proximal femur
intertrochanteric fracture
Posterior Hip Dislocation
fracture at femur neck could cause coxa vara leading to disru…
Fractures of the neck of the femur-any of these are intracaps…
extracapsular; easily treated; no avascular necrosis
Posterior dislocations are most common. Remember ischiofemora…
Shenton's line
fracture at femur neck could cause coxa vara leading to disru…
fractures of proximal femur
Fractures of the neck of the femur-any of these are intracaps…
35 terms
Anatomy 3300 - Lower Limb
Origin-Insertion-Action-Innervation:…
Origin-Insertion-Action-Innervation:…
Origin-Insertion-Action-Innervation:…
Origin-Insertion-Action-Innervation:…
O: Posterior ilium, sacrum and coccyx... I: Gluteal tuberosity a…
O: Outer surface and crest of ilium... I: Greater trochanter of…
O: Outer surface of ilium... I: Greater trochanter of femur... A: H…
O: Anterior iliac crest... I: IT tract... A: Flexion and abduction…
Origin-Insertion-Action-Innervation:…
O: Posterior ilium, sacrum and coccyx... I: Gluteal tuberosity a…
Origin-Insertion-Action-Innervation:…
O: Outer surface and crest of ilium... I: Greater trochanter of…
114 terms
3 Anatomy - Lower Limb
pelvic girdle
what is the pelvic brim?
sacroiliac joint
relaxation of the ____ _____ during pr…
L and R ossa coxae, connected to sacrum
continuous oval ridge that extends from the pubic crest, pect…
pubic symphysis
pelvic girdle
L and R ossa coxae, connected to sacrum
what is the pelvic brim?
continuous oval ridge that extends from the pubic crest, pect…
Anatomy- Lower Limb II
There are 3 routes of entry/exit of th…
3 Compartments of thigh:... Anterior, pos…
3 Compartments of thigh:... Anterior, pos…
3 Compartments of thigh:... Anterior, pos…
Posteriorly- gluteal region... Anteriorly- abdominal cavity... (via…
Anterior ... (sartorius & quadriceps femoris muscles)
Medial comp of thigh ... (6 muscles)
posterior comp. of thigh ... (hamstrings- 3 muscles)
There are 3 routes of entry/exit of th…
Posteriorly- gluteal region... Anteriorly- abdominal cavity... (via…
3 Compartments of thigh:... Anterior, pos…
Anterior ... (sartorius & quadriceps femoris muscles)
muscle anatomy of lower limb
gluteus medius
gluteus maximus
Tensor Fascia Lata
Caudofemorialis
O: between posterior and anterior gluteal lines on the outer…
O: posterior and lateral portions of the ilium sacrum and coc…
O: iliac crest... I: lateral condyle of the tibia... F: muscle assi…
O: transverse processes of the second, third and fourth cauda…
gluteus medius
O: between posterior and anterior gluteal lines on the outer…
gluteus maximus
O: posterior and lateral portions of the ilium sacrum and coc…
lower limb bone anatomy
coxal bone
femur
patella
tibia
coxal bone
femur
83 terms
Lower Limb Anatomy II
What structures are located inside the…
why is the femoral canal important cli…
What are the 5 major arteries of the a…
What is the origin of the femoral arte…
In Femoral sheath = Femoral artery ... Femoral vein and its prox…
In the femoral canal it is possible to herniate intestine thr…
1. Femoral artery ... 2. Deep artery of the thigh (perfunda fem…
continuation of the external iliac artery distal to the ingui…
What structures are located inside the…
In Femoral sheath = Femoral artery ... Femoral vein and its prox…
why is the femoral canal important cli…
In the femoral canal it is possible to herniate intestine thr…
32 terms
Anatomy Lower limb
Name the three components of pes anser…
Quadriceps femoris include
Name the anterior thigh muscles and th…
Medial thigh muscles include
semitendinosus... glacillis... sartorius
rectus femoris... vastus lateralis... vastus medialis... vastus interm…
lliopsoas... sartorius... quadriceps femoris... they are innervated b…
pectineus... adductor longus... adductor brevis... adductor magnus... gra…
Name the three components of pes anser…
semitendinosus... glacillis... sartorius
Quadriceps femoris include
rectus femoris... vastus lateralis... vastus medialis... vastus interm…
85 terms
Anatomy - Bones of lower limb
General bone markings
Process
Tuberosity
Tubercle
1) Process... 2) Tuberosity... 3) Tubercle... 4) Spine... 5) Crest... 6) Fos…
Rough prominence for muscle attachment.
Large, blunt process.
Small, blunt process.
General bone markings
1) Process... 2) Tuberosity... 3) Tubercle... 4) Spine... 5) Crest... 6) Fos…
Process
Rough prominence for muscle attachment.
14 terms
Anatomy: Lower Limb Muscles
gluteus maximus
gluteus medius
gluteus minimus
pectineus
gluteus maximus
gluteus medius
Anatomy Muscles (Lower Limb)
Iliopsoas (Pelvic) Origin?
Iliopsoas Insertion?
Iliopsoas Action?
Satorius Origin?
Illium & Lumbar Vertebrae
Lesser Trochanter
Flexes Thigh & Flexes Trunk at the Hip
Anterior Superior Iliac Spine
Iliopsoas (Pelvic) Origin?
Illium & Lumbar Vertebrae
Iliopsoas Insertion?
Lesser Trochanter
49 terms
Lower limb anatomy
where is the fat pad
where is the femoral growth plate
which is the strongest ligament in the…
what is the nerve supply of the hip jo…
extrasynovial but intracapsular
anatomical neck
iliofemoral at the front
articular branches of the femoral, obturator and gluteal nerves
where is the fat pad
extrasynovial but intracapsular
where is the femoral growth plate
anatomical neck
Anatomy Lower Limb Questions
3 bones that comprise the pelvis
3 functions of the pelvic girdle
why is the acetabulum special?
why is the ischial tuberosity special?
sacrum, coccyx, and femur; ... ilium, ischium, and pubis
supports, base for lower legs... protection of reproductive orga…
3 different bones
you sit on it, "the butt bone"
3 bones that comprise the pelvis
sacrum, coccyx, and femur; ... ilium, ischium, and pubis
3 functions of the pelvic girdle
supports, base for lower legs... protection of reproductive orga…
30 terms
Lower Limb - General Anatomy
Inguinal Ligament attachments
Vein used for Coronary Bypass
Veins that dump into Saphenous Opening
Term for defect in deep fascia of thig…
PSIS and Pubic Tubercle
Great Saphenous Vein (has valv es)
Great Saphenous Vein... Superficial Circumflex Iliac Vein... Superf…
Saphenous Opening
Inguinal Ligament attachments
PSIS and Pubic Tubercle
Vein used for Coronary Bypass
Great Saphenous Vein (has valv es)
11 terms
Anatomy Muscle lower limb
psoas major
psoas minor
iliacus
gluteus maximus
پسواس بزرگ
پسواس کوچک
ایلیاکوس
سرینی بزرگ
psoas major
پسواس بزرگ
psoas minor
پسواس کوچک
57 terms
Anatomy Lower Limb Model
patellar ligament
gastrocnemius (medial head)
soleus
tibialis anterior
patellar ligament
gastrocnemius (medial head)
Anatomy Lower Limb Model
patellar ligament
tibia
gastrocnemius (medial head)
soleus
patellar ligament
tibia
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