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Study sets matching "anatomy microscopic structure"

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Study sets matching "anatomy microscopic structure"

10 terms
Bone Structure (Microscopic Anatomy)
Haversian system (Osteon)
Haversian canal
Lamella (pl. Lamellae)
Lacunae
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
A layer of bone, weight bearing
Small cavities between adjacent lamellae
Haversian system (Osteon)
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Haversian canal
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
8 terms
Bone Structure (Microscopic Anatomy)
Osteon
Haversian canal
Lamellae
Lacunae
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
A layer of bone, weight bearing
Small cavities between adjacent lamellae
Osteon
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Haversian canal
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
77 terms
Anatomy (Microscopic Structure of Bone)
5 functions of bones
support
protect
movement
support, protect, movement, blood cells for motion, and storage
bones of legs act as pillows
rib cage= vitals, skull=brain
tendons/ muscle pull bones like levers
5 functions of bones
support, protect, movement, blood cells for motion, and storage
support
bones of legs act as pillows
30 terms
Anatomy: Skeletal Muscle Microscopic Structure
Perimysium
Epimysium
Muscle Fiber (cell)
Fascicle (wrapped by perimysium)
2
3
4
5
Perimysium
2
Epimysium
3
6 terms
Anatomy Microscopic Structure
lamella
osteocyte
lacuna
haversian canal
a thin flat scale, membrane or layer
cells inside the bone
a cavity or depression
narrow tubular passage or channel
lamella
a thin flat scale, membrane or layer
osteocyte
cells inside the bone
8 terms
Anatomy: Microscopic Structure of Bone and Cartilage
Trabeculae
Compact
Spongy
Periosteum
Needle-like threads of spongy bone
Dense bone tissue
Ends of long bones
Outer covering of bone
Trabeculae
Needle-like threads of spongy bone
Compact
Dense bone tissue
7 terms
jancich anatomy chapter 7 3 microscopic structure
osteocytes
lacunae
central canals
canaliculi
...
...
...
...
osteocytes
...
lacunae
...
9 terms
Structure of the Long Bone- Microscopic Anatomy
miroscopic anantomy
Osteocytes
Lacunae
lamellae
requires a microscope to see
Mature bone cells inside LACUNAE
cavities in the bone matrix arranged in circles called LAMELLAE
concentric circlees around CENTRAL CANALS
miroscopic anantomy
requires a microscope to see
Osteocytes
Mature bone cells inside LACUNAE
Anatomy-Microscopic Structure of a Bone
_________ _________ are located within…
Bone cells (___________) are located w…
Bone cells (osteocytes) are located wi…
Bone cells are located within lacunae…
bone cells
osteocytes, lacunae, Haversian
concentric circles
central canals
_________ _________ are located within…
bone cells
Bone cells (___________) are located w…
osteocytes, lacunae, Haversian
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Gross and Microscopic Structure of Long Bones
dense outer layer
honeycomb of trabeculae filled with ye…
long shaft
ends/heads
compact bone
spongy bone
diaphysis
epiphysis
dense outer layer
compact bone
honeycomb of trabeculae filled with ye…
spongy bone
8 terms
ANATOMY CHPT 7 MUSCLE FIBER--- MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURE
neuron and a muscle cell
sarcolemma
axon terminal
synapse
the neuromuscular junction is the junction of a _____________…
the cell membrane of the muscle fiber, contains the inactivat…
the end of the motor neuron, contains the neurotransmitter ac…
the space between the motor neuron and the muscle fiber
neuron and a muscle cell
the neuromuscular junction is the junction of a _____________…
sarcolemma
the cell membrane of the muscle fiber, contains the inactivat…
19 terms
Anatomy I: Structure of Bone (Gross + Microscopic)
Compact Bone
Spongy
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
dense, tightly packed, continuous extracellular matrix, no sp…
numerous branching boney plates (trabeculae)... - spaces between…
shaft of the bone; most of the bones length; narrow filled ca…
enlarged end of the bones; has articular cartilage on the end…
Compact Bone
dense, tightly packed, continuous extracellular matrix, no sp…
Spongy
numerous branching boney plates (trabeculae)... - spaces between…
30 terms
Bone Microscopic Structure and Long Bone Gross Anatomy
Compact Bone
osteon
central canal
canaliculi
hard exterior covering of all bones, makes up wall of diaphysis
circular columns of bone tissue, runs parallel to each other…
travels through center of osteon-blood vessels nerves
narrow passageways osteocytes use to move from one lacunae to…
Compact Bone
hard exterior covering of all bones, makes up wall of diaphysis
osteon
circular columns of bone tissue, runs parallel to each other…
Microscopic Muscle Structure
myofibril
muscle fiber
muscle fiber
fascicle
long ribbon-like organelles that take up most of the space of…
muscle cell
myofibril
long ribbon-like organelles that take up most of the space of…
muscle fiber
81 terms
microscopic structure
Esophagus, stratified squamous
Trachea, Pseudostratified Columnar
Small Intestine, Simple Columnar... Villus
Stomach, Simple Columnar, Gastric Pits
Esophagus, stratified squamous
Trachea, Pseudostratified Columnar
8 terms
Microscopic structure
Bone or osseous tissue
Inorganic matrix
organic matrix
Osteoid
primary tissue found in bone. composed mostly of extracellula…
made up predominantly of calcium salts; bone stores around 85…
known as osteoid; consists of protein fibers, proteoglycans,…
Glycosaminoglycans and proteogly
Bone or osseous tissue
primary tissue found in bone. composed mostly of extracellula…
Inorganic matrix
made up predominantly of calcium salts; bone stores around 85…
8 terms
Microscopic Structure
Osteocytes
Osteon
Blood Vessels
Periosteum
Osteocytes
Osteon
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lab: Cellular Structure and Microscope
Ribosomes
Golgi Complex
Cytosol
Chromatin
Site of protein synthesis
Receives and modifies proteins from the Rough Endoplasmic Ret…
Fluid portion of cytoplasm that surrounds organelles; intrace…
Long thin strands within the nucleus that are composed of one…
Ribosomes
Site of protein synthesis
Golgi Complex
Receives and modifies proteins from the Rough Endoplasmic Ret…
12 terms
Microscopic Structure
Osteon
Trabeculae
Perforating Fibers
Compact Bone
Letter A
Letter C
Letter D
Osteon
Letter A
Trabeculae
147 terms
Microscopic anatomy
cells that produce protein hormones ar…
cells that produce steroid hormones ar…
compare and contrast the formation of…
describe the structure of the hypophys…
1. abundant rough ER... 2. prominent golgi... 3. hormones are often…
1. centrally located nucleus... 2. lipid droplets in the cytopla…
*** no ducts in endocrine glands
- hangs from the hypothalamus... - the anterior pituitary (ade…
cells that produce protein hormones ar…
1. abundant rough ER... 2. prominent golgi... 3. hormones are often…
cells that produce steroid hormones ar…
1. centrally located nucleus... 2. lipid droplets in the cytopla…
42 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Cell Structure and functions, Microscopes
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Inclusions
Membrane made of double-layer lipids (phospholipids, choleste…
Cellular region between the nuclear and plasma membranes; con…
Contains dissolved solutes; part of the cytoplasm
Stored nutrients, pigment granules
Plasma Membrane
Membrane made of double-layer lipids (phospholipids, choleste…
Cytoplasm
Cellular region between the nuclear and plasma membranes; con…
42 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Cell Structure and functions, Microscopes
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Inclusions
Membrane made of double-layer lipids (phospholipids, choleste…
Cellular region between the nuclear and plasma membranes; con…
Contains dissolved solutes; part of the cytoplasm
Stored nutrients, pigment granules
Plasma Membrane
Membrane made of double-layer lipids (phospholipids, choleste…
Cytoplasm
Cellular region between the nuclear and plasma membranes; con…
6 terms
microscopic anatomy
skeletal
cardiac
smooth
skeletal pic
striated, multinucleate, long parallel fibers
striated, branching fibers, intercalated discs,uninucleate
spindle shaped, uninucleate
skeletal
striated, multinucleate, long parallel fibers
cardiac
striated, branching fibers, intercalated discs,uninucleate
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lab: Cellular Structure and Microscope
Ribosomes
Golgi Complex
Cytosol
Chromatin
Site of protein synthesis
Receives and modifies proteins from the Rough Endoplasmic Ret…
Fluid portion of cytoplasm that surrounds organelles; intrace…
Long thin strands within the nucleus that are composed of one…
Ribosomes
Site of protein synthesis
Golgi Complex
Receives and modifies proteins from the Rough Endoplasmic Ret…
16 terms
Microscopic Structure
Osteocytes
Lacanue
Osteoblasts
Osteoclasts
Embedded in matrix
Space (house
sitting in the surface of the bone (bone forming cells)
sitting on surface (bone destroying cells)
Osteocytes
Embedded in matrix
Lacanue
Space (house
5 terms
Microscopic structure
Osteon
Haversian canal
Volksmann canal
Lamellae
Fundamental unit of compact bone... Cylindrical shape
Passageway that runs parallel through center of each osteon... C…
Passageway that runs perpendicular through the osteon ... Connec…
Concentric circles of matrix that form around Haversian canal…
Osteon
Fundamental unit of compact bone... Cylindrical shape
Haversian canal
Passageway that runs parallel through center of each osteon... C…
16 terms
MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY
nephron
glomerulus
renal tubule
cuboidal epithelium
nephron
glomerulus
8 terms
microscopic structure
osteon
osteocyte
lacunae
canaliculi
bone tissue unit
bone cell
chambers surrounding osteocytes reducing friction
canals that transport the nutrients and waste from osteocytes…
osteon
bone tissue unit
osteocyte
bone cell
12 terms
Microscopic Structure of Bone
Central Canal
Osteon
Lamellae
Perforating Canal
The longitudinal tube through the center of an osteon. What i…
Vertical cylinders made of concentric rings of matrix. What i…
What are the rings called?
What are the arrows pointing to?
Central Canal
The longitudinal tube through the center of an osteon. What i…
Osteon
Vertical cylinders made of concentric rings of matrix. What i…
11 terms
Microscopic Structure
Haversian System (Osteon)
Lamella
Haversian, or central canal
Volkmann's Canal
The structural unit of compact bone
Weight bearing, column-like matrix tubes composed of mainly c…
Central channel containing blood vessels and nerves
Channels lying at right angles to central canal; connecting b…
Haversian System (Osteon)
The structural unit of compact bone
Lamella
Weight bearing, column-like matrix tubes composed of mainly c…
Anatomy and Physiology Lab: Cellular Structure and Microscope
Ribosomes
Golgi Complex
Cytosol
Chromatin
Site of protein synthesis
Receives and modifies proteins from the Rough Endoplasmic Ret…
Fluid portion of cytoplasm that surrounds organelles; intrace…
Long thin strands within the nucleus that are composed of one…
Ribosomes
Site of protein synthesis
Golgi Complex
Receives and modifies proteins from the Rough Endoplasmic Ret…
10 terms
Microscopic Bone Anatomy I
osteon
blood vessels
periosteum
lamella
"A"
"B"
"C"
"D"
osteon
"A"
blood vessels
"B"
13 terms
Microscopic Bone Anatomy II
Osteon
Haversian canal
Lamella (pl. Lamellae)
Lacunae
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
A layer of bone, weight bearing
Small cavities between adjacent lamellae
Osteon
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Haversian canal
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
13 terms
* Microscopic Muscle Structure
Muscle Structure - Microscopic
Muscle Anatomy - Microscopic
Myofibril - Sarcomere
Sarcomere - Microscopic Structure
the entire array of thick and thin filaments between the Z di…
Muscle Structure - Microscopic
Muscle Anatomy - Microscopic
14 terms
Microscopic Structures
Osseous tissue is
What 2 mineral make bone hard
Why is bone flexible
Osteogenic Cells
bone
Calcium Phosphate and Calcium Carbonate
collagen fibers
unspecialized stem cells that make osteoblast, CAN divide
Osseous tissue is
bone
What 2 mineral make bone hard
Calcium Phosphate and Calcium Carbonate
10 terms
Microscopic anatomy of skeletal muscle
Perimysium
Epimysium
Sacromere
Fiber
Connective tissue surrounding a fascicle
connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
Contractile unit of muscle
a muscle cell
Perimysium
Connective tissue surrounding a fascicle
Epimysium
connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
29 terms
Microscopic Anatomy of Bones
Long bone(s)
Short Bone(s)
Flat Bone(s)
Irregular (Bones)
Bones that are longer than they are wide
Bones that are generally small and cube shaped and contain mu…
These bones are thin, flat, and generally curved. They form t…
Bones of irregular shape, vertebrae, hip
Long bone(s)
Bones that are longer than they are wide
Short Bone(s)
Bones that are generally small and cube shaped and contain mu…
13 terms
Microscope (structure)
Ocular lenses
Eye piece
Arm
Coarse Adjustment Knob
A
L
Ocular lenses
A
Eye piece
L
25 terms
Microscopic Structure of Bone
simple
compound
comminuted
compression
Bone breaks cleanly, but does not penetrate the skin
Broken ends of the bone protrude through soft tissues and the…
Bone fragments into many pieces
bone is crushed
simple
Bone breaks cleanly, but does not penetrate the skin
compound
Broken ends of the bone protrude through soft tissues and the…
10 terms
Microscopic Structure:
Sarcolemma
Fascicles:
Sarcolemma:
Sarcoplasm
: plasma membrane of muscle cell (fiber)
bundles of muscle fibers
plasma membrane surrounding muscle cell
: cytoplasm, contains all the organelles inside the cell, mit…
Sarcolemma
: plasma membrane of muscle cell (fiber)
Fascicles:
bundles of muscle fibers
8 terms
Microscopic Structure
Osteocytes
Canaliculi
Central Canal
Osteon
Bone cells.
Pathways where osteocytes exchange substances.
Houses blood vessels and nerves.
Form the substance of compact bone.
Osteocytes
Bone cells.
Canaliculi
Pathways where osteocytes exchange substances.
23 terms
Muscles: Microscopic Anatomy and Physiology
Epimycium
Perimycium
Endomycium
Muscle fiber
Outer membrane covering around an entire muscle.
Membrane covering around individual muscle fascicles (bundles).
Innermost membrane covering around individual muscle fibers.
Muscle cell
Epimycium
Outer membrane covering around an entire muscle.
Perimycium
Membrane covering around individual muscle fascicles (bundles).
64 terms
Microscopic Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle
Sarcomere
M Line
H Zone
A Band
Sarcomere
M Line
10 terms
microscopic structure
cartilage
canaliculi
trabeculate
haversianus
fibers embedded in a firm-gel
connect lacunae
needle thread of spongy bone
structural unit of connect bone
cartilage
fibers embedded in a firm-gel
canaliculi
connect lacunae
7 terms
microscopic structure
lamella
osteocyte
lacuna
haversian canal
layer of matrix in bone tissue
mature bone cell
hollow cavity
lamellae that form concentric patterns around capillaries loc…
lamella
layer of matrix in bone tissue
osteocyte
mature bone cell
12 terms
Microscopic Structures
glomerulus
nephron
cortical nephron
juxtamedullary
...
glomerulus
nephron
...
10 terms
Microscopic structure
Osteocytes
Osteocytes transport
Cellular processes of osteocytes pass…
Collagen and inorganic salts
Bone cells
Nutrients and waste
Canaliculi
Makes up extracellular matrix of bone
Osteocytes
Bone cells
Osteocytes transport
Nutrients and waste
9 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
Compact Bone
Osteon
Central Canal
Lamellae
Compact Bone
Osteon
10 terms
microscopic anatomy
cortex of Kidney
Medulla of Kidney
Seminiferous tubules in testes
sperm
contains renal corpuscles
contains nephron loops and collecting ducts
where spermatogenesis occurs
cortex of Kidney
contains renal corpuscles
Medulla of Kidney
contains nephron loops and collecting ducts
16 terms
Anatomy Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure - Microscopic Structure of Compact and Spongy Bone Tissue
compact bone
osteons
central canal
periosteum
________ ______ (cortical) is composed of repeating units of…
Compact (cortical) bone is composed of repeating units of ___…
Compact (cortical) bone is composed of repeating unitsof oste…
The blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves travel from…
compact bone
________ ______ (cortical) is composed of repeating units of…
osteons
Compact (cortical) bone is composed of repeating units of ___…
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