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Study sets matching "anatomy muscle cells"

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Study sets matching "anatomy muscle cells"

17 terms
Microscopic Anatomy of Muscle Cells
Muscle Fibers
Myofibrils
Myofilaments
Actin
A cylindrical multinucleate cell composed of myofibrils that…
any of the elongated contractile threads found in striated mu…
filaments of myofibrils, constructed from proteins, principal…
A protein that forms (together with myosin) the contractile f…
Muscle Fibers
A cylindrical multinucleate cell composed of myofibrils that…
Myofibrils
any of the elongated contractile threads found in striated mu…
23 terms
Anatomy Muscle Cells
myo (prefix)
endo (prefix)
sarco (prefix)
peri (prefix)
muscle
inner, inside
flesh
around
myo (prefix)
muscle
endo (prefix)
inner, inside
21 terms
Skeletal Muscle Cell Anatomy
Sarcolemma
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
Myofibrils
Sarcolemma
Nucleus
16 terms
muscle cell anatomy
endomysium
sarcolemma
myofibril
sarcomere
endomysium
sarcolemma
14 terms
Microscopic Anatomy of Muscle Cell
Muscle Fiber
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasm
Sarcoplasmic reticulum
single muscle cell ... Function: metabolic activities; contract…
Plasma membrane of a muscle fiber... Function: Surrounds muscle…
cytoplasm of a muscle fiber... Function: Site of metabolic proc…
The smooth ER of a muscle cell; enlarged and specialized to a…
Muscle Fiber
single muscle cell ... Function: metabolic activities; contract…
Sarcolemma
Plasma membrane of a muscle fiber... Function: Surrounds muscle…
20 terms
Cell Anatomy/ muscle cells
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Golgi body
Lysosome
Semipermeable thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds th…
Jelly like material outside the cell where organelles are loc…
Located near the nucleus, it produces the membrane that surro…
Contains digestive enzymes, digestion of the cell nutrients t…
Cell Membrane
Semipermeable thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds th…
Cytoplasm
Jelly like material outside the cell where organelles are loc…
10 terms
Skeletal Muscle Cell Anatomy
Sarcolemma
Myofibrils
Endomysium
Sarcomere
cell or membrane of the muscle
a long filamentous organelle found within muscle cells that h…
Thin connective tissue investing each muscle cell
contractile unit of the muscle
Sarcolemma
cell or membrane of the muscle
Myofibrils
a long filamentous organelle found within muscle cells that h…
Muscle Cell Anatomy
Epimysium
Perimysium
Endomysium
Fascicle
Epimysium
Perimysium
10 terms
Anatomy Skeletal Muscle Cells
Perimysium
Epimysium
Sarcomere
Fiber
Connective tissue surrounding a fascicle
Connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
Contractile unit of muscle
A muscle cell
Perimysium
Connective tissue surrounding a fascicle
Epimysium
Connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
32 terms
Muscle Cell Functional Anatomy
epimysium
endomysium
Perimysium
Fascicle
connective tissue sheath that surrounds the entire muscle Cov…
Connective tissue surrounding a muscle fiber Composed of reti…
Perimysium Connective tissue surrounding a fascicle Composed…
A discrete bundle of muscle cells A small bundle; usually ref…
epimysium
connective tissue sheath that surrounds the entire muscle Cov…
endomysium
Connective tissue surrounding a muscle fiber Composed of reti…
24 terms
Muscle cell anatomy
Differences between cardiac and skelet…
M line
H zone
Myosin filament
thick filaments linked by accessory proteins, vertical divisi…
thick filaments only.
forms the "arms" that pull the actin fiver framework towards…
Differences between cardiac and skelet…
M line
thick filaments linked by accessory proteins, vertical divisi…
8 terms
Muscle Cell Anatomy
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasm
Myofibrils
Myofilament
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm (w/ lots of mitochondria)
These fill the cytoplasm (sarcoplasm)
Within the Myofibrils (Creates the striations)
Sarcolemma
Cell membrane
Sarcoplasm
Cytoplasm (w/ lots of mitochondria)
61 terms
Anatomy-Muscle: Tissues and Cells
Muscle tissue
There are 3 muscle tissue types
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
-specialized for contraction... -produces all movement of the sk…
1. Skeletal Muscle... 2. Cardiac Muscle... 3. Smooth Muscle
-large body muscles... -attached to bones of the skeleton... -respo…
-Found ONLY in the heart... -Contraction forces blood out of the…
Muscle tissue
-specialized for contraction... -produces all movement of the sk…
There are 3 muscle tissue types
1. Skeletal Muscle... 2. Cardiac Muscle... 3. Smooth Muscle
75 terms
Anatomy (cells,tissues,muscles)
hyaline cartilage
adipocyte
dense connective tissue
fibroblasts
covers the ends of bones
cells are sometimes called signet ring cells
makes up ligaments and tendons
fiber forming cells found in the extracellular matrix
hyaline cartilage
covers the ends of bones
adipocyte
cells are sometimes called signet ring cells
Muscle cell anatomy
Myofibers
Indirect attachment
Direct attachment
Endomysium
Long, Parallel muscles cells that make up skeletal muscles
Muscle connected to the bone by a tendon
Muscle connected to bone by short fibers
Surrounds individual myofibers
Myofibers
Long, Parallel muscles cells that make up skeletal muscles
Indirect attachment
Muscle connected to the bone by a tendon
12 terms
Anatomy muscle cell
Terminal cisterne
Tropomyosin
Troponin
Synapse
The calcium that is released into the sarcomere of a muscle c…
The active sites on actin are covered by what rope like prote…
The calcium terminal cisterne attaches to what molecule insid…
The space between the muscle cell and the neuron is called
Terminal cisterne
The calcium that is released into the sarcomere of a muscle c…
Tropomyosin
The active sites on actin are covered by what rope like prote…
10 terms
Anatomy Muscle Cells
connective tissue surrounding a fascicle
connective tissue ensheathing the enti…
contractile unit of muscle
a muscle cell
perimysium
epimysium
sarcomere
fiber
connective tissue surrounding a fascicle
perimysium
connective tissue ensheathing the enti…
epimysium
18 terms
Cellular Anatomy of Muscle Cells
myofibril
mitochondria
triad
t-tubule
threadlike structures extending longitudinally through a musc…
a double membraned organells that plays a central role in the…
a complex of three units in a muscle fiber composed of a tran…
myofibril
threadlike structures extending longitudinally through a musc…
mitochondria
a double membraned organells that plays a central role in the…
11 terms
Anatomy of the muscle cell
Sarcomere distance
A band distance
M line Distance
I band Distance
The distance between 2 adjacent z discs
entire length of 2 thick filaments which are joined at the m…
2 adjacent thick filaments are joined at the M line
between the end of the thick filament and Z disc
Sarcomere distance
The distance between 2 adjacent z discs
A band distance
entire length of 2 thick filaments which are joined at the m…
121 terms
Muscle Cell Anatomy/Nerve-Muscle
sarcolemma
sarcoplasm
myofibrils
glycogen
plasma membrane of a muscle fiber; nuclei are flattened and p…
cytoplasm of muscle cell... -myofibrils, glycogen, myoglobin wit…
occupy the sarcoplasm, long protein cords, made up of myofila…
starch-like carb. that provides energy for cell during height…
sarcolemma
plasma membrane of a muscle fiber; nuclei are flattened and p…
sarcoplasm
cytoplasm of muscle cell... -myofibrils, glycogen, myoglobin wit…
75 terms
Anatomy (cells,tissues,muscles
hyaline cartilage
adipocyte
dense connective tissue
fibroblasts
covers the ends of bones
cells are sometimes called signet ring cells
makes up ligaments and tendons
fiber forming cells found in the extracellular matrix
hyaline cartilage
covers the ends of bones
adipocyte
cells are sometimes called signet ring cells
32 terms
muscle cell anatomy
movement, posture, stabilizing joints,…
excitability, contractility, extensibi…
excitability
contractility
4 functions of muscles as organs
4 functional characteristics of muscle tissue
responds to stimulus with electrical charge
shortens when stimulated
movement, posture, stabilizing joints,…
4 functions of muscles as organs
excitability, contractility, extensibi…
4 functional characteristics of muscle tissue
28 terms
Anatomy: Muscle Cells
Functions of epithelium tissue
Simple Squamous
Simple Cuboidal
(Ciliated) Simple Columnar
Protection... Absorption... Filtration... Excretion... Secretion... Sensory…
Fxn: ... -Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtratio…
Fxn:... -Secretion... -Absorption... Location:... -Tubules of the kidney…
Fxn:... -Movement or propulsion (mucus and reproductive cells)... L…
Functions of epithelium tissue
Protection... Absorption... Filtration... Excretion... Secretion... Sensory…
Simple Squamous
Fxn: ... -Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtratio…
Anatomy of muscle cell
Epimysium
Perimysium
Fascicle
Endomysium
Wraps entire muscle
Wraps bundle of muscle fibers
Bundle of fibers wrapped by perimysium
Surrounds each muscle fiber
Epimysium
Wraps entire muscle
Perimysium
Wraps bundle of muscle fibers
19 terms
Muscle Tissue/Cell Anatomy
Epimysium
Perimysium
Fasicles
Endomysium
Covers entire muscle, made of collagen fibers, separates musc…
Tissue separating fascicles
Bundles of muscle fibers/cells
Covers individual muscle fibers
Epimysium
Covers entire muscle, made of collagen fibers, separates musc…
Perimysium
Tissue separating fascicles
34 terms
Anatomy muscle cells
Functions of muscle system
Properties of muscular system
Elasticity
constriction
Movement, store calcium and ATP, posture, create heat
Elasticity, constriction, action potential , extersibility
strech without damage
relax and contract
Functions of muscle system
Movement, store calcium and ATP, posture, create heat
Properties of muscular system
Elasticity, constriction, action potential , extersibility
21 terms
Muscle Cell Anatomy
Myofibrils
Endomysium
fascicle
Perimysium
Fiber in muscle cell
keeps muscle fibers bound together
Contains bundles of muscle fibers
surrounds the fascicles
Myofibrils
Fiber in muscle cell
Endomysium
keeps muscle fibers bound together
10 terms
anatomy of muscle cell
endomysium
epimysium
fascicle
fiber
thin connective tissue investing each muscle cell
connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
a discrete bundle of muscle cells
a muscle cell
endomysium
thin connective tissue investing each muscle cell
epimysium
connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
Skeletal Muscle Cell Anatomy
Sarcolemma
T- tubules
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum (SR)
Myofibril (aka fibril)
membrane surrounding a muscle fiber
elongated tube formed by sarcolemma protruding deep into the…
an elaborate smooth endoplasmic reticulum
cylindrical units of protein
Sarcolemma
membrane surrounding a muscle fiber
T- tubules
elongated tube formed by sarcolemma protruding deep into the…
10 terms
Anatomy of a muscle cell
Perimysium
Epimysium
Sacromere
Fiber
Connective tissue surrounding a fascicle
Connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
Contractile unit of muscle
A muscle cell
Perimysium
Connective tissue surrounding a fascicle
Epimysium
Connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
23 terms
Anatomy- Muscle Cell Biology and Physiology
General Structure (Histology) of Stria…
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Tendons
- Red Hued (high % of myoglobin)... - Visible Striations (in…
Skull, ribcage, vertebral column. ... -Trunk and head.
Everything outside of the Axial skeleton- appendages and pelv…
Tough, non-elastic tissues that bind MUSCLE to bone or *MUS…
General Structure (Histology) of Stria…
- Red Hued (high % of myoglobin)... - Visible Striations (in…
Axial Skeleton
Skull, ribcage, vertebral column. ... -Trunk and head.
49 terms
muscle cell anatomy and physiology
3 connective tissue layer
epimysium
perimysium
endomysium
epimysium, perimysium, & endomysium
outermost layer of dense irregular connect tissue that surrou…
surrounds groups of muscle fibers called fascicles, made of d…
separates & surrounds individual muscle fibers, thin sheath o…
3 connective tissue layer
epimysium, perimysium, & endomysium
epimysium
outermost layer of dense irregular connect tissue that surrou…
10 terms
ANATOMY OF MUSCLE FIBER CELL
sarcolemma
sarcoplasm
actin and myosin
sarcoplasmic reticulum
-cell membrane of a muscle fiber/cell... -surrounds the sarcoplasm
-cytoplasm of a muscle fiber... -with many nuclei and mitochondr…
myofibrils contain __________and__________
-modified SER... -surrounds myofibrils... -regulates flow of calciu…
sarcolemma
-cell membrane of a muscle fiber/cell... -surrounds the sarcoplasm
sarcoplasm
-cytoplasm of a muscle fiber... -with many nuclei and mitochondr…
10 terms
Muscle Cell Anatomy- Muscle Physiology- CH.8
sarcolemma
sarcoplasm
myoglobin
myofibrils
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
red pigment, stores oxygen in... muscles
contractile elements of skeletal... muscles
sarcolemma
plasma membrane
sarcoplasm
cytoplasm
20 terms
muscle tissue and cells (anatomy)
Muscle tissue
3 types of muscle tissue types
Epimysium
Perimysium
-specialized in construction... -produces all body movement
skeletal... cardiac... smooth
surrounds the whole muscle... ex. bicep
-surrounds bundles of muscle fibers, or surrounds fascicles o…
Muscle tissue
-specialized in construction... -produces all body movement
3 types of muscle tissue types
skeletal... cardiac... smooth
8 terms
Muscle Cell Anatomy Quiz
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasm
Myofilaments
Complex smooth ER... Regulates Ca2 levels in the cell
Plasma membrane... Conducts electrical impulses from nerve
Cytoplasm... Contains myoglobin (stores O2) and glycogen
Thick (myosin) and thin (actin) myofilaments... Composed of prot…
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Complex smooth ER... Regulates Ca2 levels in the cell
Sarcolemma
Plasma membrane... Conducts electrical impulses from nerve
64 terms
Anatomy test muscle cell
Produce body movement, stabilize body…
Excitability, conductivity, contractil…
Elasticity
Extensibility
Functions of the muscle tissue
Properties of the muscle tissue
Ability to return to original shape after being stretched
Ability to be stretched without damaging the tissue
Produce body movement, stabilize body…
Functions of the muscle tissue
Excitability, conductivity, contractil…
Properties of the muscle tissue
35 terms
Muscle cell Anatomy
What do muscles do in the body?
What do cardiac muscles do?
What do smooth muscles do?
What do skeletal muscles do?
Generate heat, move things through the body, Holds body posit…
Propel blood through the body
Involuntary movements: squeezes food down the digestive tract…
-Produce motion... -Stabilize body position by contracting to a…
What do muscles do in the body?
Generate heat, move things through the body, Holds body posit…
What do cardiac muscles do?
Propel blood through the body
19 terms
Anatomy: Muscle Cells
Perimysium
Fascicles
Sarcomere
Myofibril
connective tissue ensheathing a bundle of muscle cells.
Bundle of muscles cells
Contractile unit of muscle
Muscle cell
Perimysium
connective tissue ensheathing a bundle of muscle cells.
Fascicles
Bundle of muscles cells
25 terms
Anatomy Ch 6A Muscle Cells
binomial nomenclature
taxonomy
systematics
species
Naming an organism with its genus and species name.
A field of biology that studies how living things are classif…
the science of naming and grouping organisms
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
binomial nomenclature
Naming an organism with its genus and species name.
taxonomy
A field of biology that studies how living things are classif…
13 terms
Microscopic anatomy of a muscle cell
Mitochondrion
Sarcolemma
Dark A band
Light I band
Mitochondrion
Sarcolemma
18 terms
Microscopic and Macroscopic Anatomy of Muscle Cells
Muscle Fibers
Myofibrils
Myofilaments
Actin
A muscle cell that is elongated.
Long, ribbonlike organelles inside a muscle cell composed of…
Threadlike proteins within each sarcomere of a myofibril; 2 t…
The major protein comprising thin filaments.
Muscle Fibers
A muscle cell that is elongated.
Myofibrils
Long, ribbonlike organelles inside a muscle cell composed of…
31 terms
2- Muscle Cell Functional Anatomy
Epimysium
Perimysium
Endomysium
Muscle fascicle
a dense layer of collagen fibers that surrounds a skeletal mu…
a connective tissue partition that separates adjacent fascicu…
a delicate network of connective tissue fibers that surrounds…
is a bundle of muscle fibers. The fibrous perimysium layer se…
Epimysium
a dense layer of collagen fibers that surrounds a skeletal mu…
Perimysium
a connective tissue partition that separates adjacent fascicu…
7 terms
Microscopic Anatomy of Muscle Cells #3
A bands
Relaxation
Glycosis
Cellular respiration
Light short bands.
A Bands move further apart.
Glycogen is broken down into Pyruvic Acid and 2 ATP.
Pyruvic Acid combines with Oxygen to produce CO2 and 12 ATP.
A bands
Light short bands.
Relaxation
A Bands move further apart.
7 terms
Microscopic Anatomy of Muscle Cells #2
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasm
Myoglobin
Myofibrils
Plasma membrane of cell.
Similar to cytoplasm; stores glycogen (sugar).
Similar to hemoglobin; stores oxygen.
Rod like structures found in each cell; contractile elements…
Sarcolemma
Plasma membrane of cell.
Sarcoplasm
Similar to cytoplasm; stores glycogen (sugar).
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal Muscle Cell
A ___________ _____ is one neuron and…
The ______________ _____________ is wh…
There is a gap at the junction call th…
A ________________ carries the message…
Motor unit
Neuromuscular junction
Synaptic cleft
Neurotransmitter
A ___________ _____ is one neuron and…
Motor unit
The ______________ _____________ is wh…
Neuromuscular junction
8 terms
Microscopic anatomy of skeletal muscle fiber (muscle cell)
Sarcolemma (PM)
Sarcolemma -T-Tubules
Sarcoplasm
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Conducts impulses into cell and impulses signal for Ca+ relea…
Areas where sarcolemma dips into cells interior at A-I juncti…
Contains organelles
Smooth ER specific to muscle. Runs longitudinally and surroun…
Sarcolemma (PM)
Conducts impulses into cell and impulses signal for Ca+ relea…
Sarcolemma -T-Tubules
Areas where sarcolemma dips into cells interior at A-I juncti…
17 terms
Microscopic Anatomy of a Muscle Cell
t tubules
sarcoplasmic reticulum
mitochondria
myofibril
openings on surface of sarcolemma that forms network deep ins…
wraps around myofibrils, stores calcium ions so it can releas…
scattered throughout, need to recharge ATP
made of interlocking myosin and actin filaments
t tubules
openings on surface of sarcolemma that forms network deep ins…
sarcoplasmic reticulum
wraps around myofibrils, stores calcium ions so it can releas…
32 terms
Topic 2-Muscle Cell Functional Anatomy
Epimysium
Perimysium
Endomysium
Muscle Fascicle
A sheath of fibrous elastic tissue surrounding a muscle
The sheath of connective tissue surrounding a bundle of muscl…
A wispy layer of areolar connective tissue that ensheaths eac…
A bundle of muscle fiber (cells) within a muscle
Epimysium
A sheath of fibrous elastic tissue surrounding a muscle
Perimysium
The sheath of connective tissue surrounding a bundle of muscl…
18 terms
Type of Muscle Cells Anatomy Final
Skeletal/ Striated- Shape?
Skeletal/ Striated- Number of Nuclei?
Skeletal/ Striated- Striated or not?
Skeletal/ Striated- Voluntary or Invol…
Long, Cylindrical cells
0
Striated
Voluntary
Skeletal/ Striated- Shape?
Long, Cylindrical cells
Skeletal/ Striated- Number of Nuclei?
0
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