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Study sets matching "anatomy muscles chapter 11"

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Study sets matching "anatomy muscles chapter 11"

35 terms
Anatomy 1551 Chapter 11 Muscles
Sternocleidomastoid
Splenius Capitis
Scalenes
External Oblique
Sternocleidomastoid
Splenius Capitis
104 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11: Axial Muscles
What positions the head and vertebral…
What does the axial musculature not do?
What are the four general groups of th…
Pelvic outlet muscles assist in what?
Axial Musculature
Does not stabilize the limbs on their attachment.
Head and neck ... Vertebral column... Body wall muscles ... Pelvic out…
Sexual response, and close the inferior pelvic opening.
What positions the head and vertebral…
Axial Musculature
What does the axial musculature not do?
Does not stabilize the limbs on their attachment.
51 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Appendicular Muscles
Pectoralis Major
Latissimus Dorsi
Trapezius
Deltoid:
A: as a whole flexes/ adducts & internally rotates shoulder... O…
A: extends, adducts, internally rotates shoulder... O: spinous p…
A: adducts scapula... O: occipital bone , spinous process of C7-…
A: abduct humerus & rotate scapula... O: acromial end, acromion…
Pectoralis Major
A: as a whole flexes/ adducts & internally rotates shoulder... O…
Latissimus Dorsi
A: extends, adducts, internally rotates shoulder... O: spinous p…
9 terms
shoulder muscles / anatomy / chapter 11
adduct shoulder
adduct shoulder
flex shoulder
adduct shoulder
pectoralis major
coracobrachialis
deltoid
latissimus dorsi
adduct shoulder
pectoralis major
adduct shoulder
coracobrachialis
115 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11: Muscles and their Actions
buccinator
depressor labii inferioris
levator labii superioris
levator anguli oris
compresses cheeks
depresses lower lip
elevates upper lip
elevates corner of mouth
buccinator
compresses cheeks
depressor labii inferioris
depresses lower lip
25 terms
Chapter 11 Axial Muscles "Anatomy"
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oris
Masseter
Mentalis
Muscle around eye
Muscle around mouth
Chewing
Chin
Orbicularis oculi
Muscle around eye
Orbicularis oris
Muscle around mouth
115 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11: Muscles and their Actions
buccinator
depressor labii inferioris
levator labii superioris
levator anguli oris
compresses cheeks
depresses lower lip
elevates upper lip
elevates corner of mouth
buccinator
compresses cheeks
depressor labii inferioris
depresses lower lip
52 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Axial Muscles
Axial Muscle
Head and neck
Vertebral Colum
Respirtation
both origin and insertion are on axial skeleton... Support head…
...
...
...
Axial Muscle
both origin and insertion are on axial skeleton... Support head…
Head and neck
...
63 terms
Anatomy 101 Chapter 11-Muscles
Occipitofrontalis (frontal belly)
Nasalis
Orbicularis
Temporalis
O: epicranial aponeurosis... I: the skin of the eyebrows... A: rais…
O: maxilla... I: midline aponeurosis... A: a little bit of nose mov…
O: the fasciae of the lips... I: the lateral margin of the lips…
O: temporal fasciae (side of head)... I: coronoid process of the…
Occipitofrontalis (frontal belly)
O: epicranial aponeurosis... I: the skin of the eyebrows... A: rais…
Nasalis
O: maxilla... I: midline aponeurosis... A: a little bit of nose mov…
39 terms
ANATOMY CHAPTER 11 AXIAL Muscles
frontal belly of occipitofrontalis
occipital belly of occipitofrontalis
epicranial aponeurosis
skin over supraorbital margin
moves the scalp, eyebrows; wrinkles skin of forehead O= epicr…
retracts scalp
the origin of the frontal belly of occipitofrontalisis muscle
the insertion point of the frontal belly of occipitofrontalis
frontal belly of occipitofrontalis
moves the scalp, eyebrows; wrinkles skin of forehead O= epicr…
occipital belly of occipitofrontalis
retracts scalp
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 - Muscles
Masseter
Temporalis
Sternocleidomastoid
Rhomboids
Origin: zygomatic arch ... Insertion: angle & ramus of mandible…
Origin: temporal bone... Insertion: coronoid process of mandible…
Origin: Clavicle... Insertion: mastoid process... Action: flex & ro…
Origin: spinous processes of C7-T5... Insertion: medial border o…
Masseter
Origin: zygomatic arch ... Insertion: angle & ramus of mandible…
Temporalis
Origin: temporal bone... Insertion: coronoid process of mandible…
27 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11: Muscles
Circular Fascicles
Convergent Fascicles
Pennate Fascicles
Parallel Fascicles
-arranged in concentric rings... -always found in external body…
-origin is broad and the fascicles converge toward a tendon o…
-short fascicles that attach obliquely to a tendon that runs…
-fascicles run parallel to the long axis of the muscle... -Fusif…
Circular Fascicles
-arranged in concentric rings... -always found in external body…
Convergent Fascicles
-origin is broad and the fascicles converge toward a tendon o…
143 terms
Anatomy Muscles Chapter 11
Origin
Insertion
Action
Agonist Muscle
the attachment of a muscle's tendon to the stationary bone
the attachment of the muscle's other tendon to the moveable b…
What happens when a muscle contracts
contracts to produce a particular movement... (extending the for…
Origin
the attachment of a muscle's tendon to the stationary bone
Insertion
the attachment of the muscle's other tendon to the moveable b…
37 terms
Anatomy chapter 11 muscles
Rectus
Transverse
Oblique
Maximus
Parallel to midline
Perpendicular to midline
Diagonal to midline
Biggest
Rectus
Parallel to midline
Transverse
Perpendicular to midline
78 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11: Muscles
Risorius
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis orbis
Levator labii superioris
draws angle of mouth laterally, as in grimacing
closes eye
closes and protrudes lips, as in kissing; compresses lips aga…
raises upper lip
Risorius
draws angle of mouth laterally, as in grimacing
Orbicularis oculi
closes eye
110 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Hip and Leg Muscles
lumbar vertebrae
proximal end of femur
action of psoas major
psoas major
origin of psoas major
insertion of psoas major
flexes and laterally rotates thigh at the hip
lumbar vertebrae
origin of psoas major
proximal end of femur
insertion of psoas major
11 terms
hip muscles / anatomy / chapter 11
flex hip
flex hip
abduct hip
abduct hip
psoas major
iliacus
tensor fasciae latae
gluteus medius
flex hip
psoas major
flex hip
iliacus
34 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 11 - Muscles
Buccinator
Levator palpebrae superioris
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oris
Pulls back angle of mouth; flattens cheek
Opens eye
Closes eye
Closes, purses, and protrudes lips
Buccinator
Pulls back angle of mouth; flattens cheek
Levator palpebrae superioris
Opens eye
23 terms
Muscles Chapter 11 Anatomy and physiology
Frontalis frontal belly of occipitofro…
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oris
Masseter
Raises eyebrows, wrinkles skin of forehead, Epicranial aponeu…
Closes eyes, Medial sides of orbit, Encircles eye
Puckers lips, Encircles mouth, Skin at corners of mouth
Closes jaw, strong muscle, Maxilla and zygomatic, Mandible
Frontalis frontal belly of occipitofro…
Raises eyebrows, wrinkles skin of forehead, Epicranial aponeu…
Orbicularis oculi
Closes eyes, Medial sides of orbit, Encircles eye
9 terms
ankle muscles / anatomy / chapter 11
dorsiflex
dorsiflex
dorsiflex
plantarflex
tibialis anterior
extensor hallucis longus
extensor digitorum longus
fibularis longus
dorsiflex
tibialis anterior
dorsiflex
extensor hallucis longus
64 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Facial, Jaw, and Trunk Muscles
medial wall of orbit
circular path around orbit
action of orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oculi
origin of orbicularis oculi
insertion of orbicularis oculi
closes eyes
medial wall of orbit
origin of orbicularis oculi
circular path around orbit
insertion of orbicularis oculi
69 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Back, Shoulders, and Arm Muscles
occipital bone, spines of all thoracic…
clavicle and scapula (acromion spine)
action of trapezius
trapezius
origin of trapezius
insertion of trapezius
shrugs shoulders, pulls scapula medially and backward, stabil…
occipital bone, spines of all thoracic…
origin of trapezius
clavicle and scapula (acromion spine)
insertion of trapezius
28 terms
Comparative Anatomy Chapter 11: Muscles
What is the embryonic origin of muscles?
How do muscle cells form?
How does the number of myoblasts chang…
What causes rebuilding and regrowth of…
They form through the mesoderm.
Through fusion of myoblasts that results in multinucleate ske…
Number of myoblasts decreases over time.
Wear and tear, or exercise.
What is the embryonic origin of muscles?
They form through the mesoderm.
How do muscle cells form?
Through fusion of myoblasts that results in multinucleate ske…
18 terms
Human Anatomy - Chapter 11 - The Axial Muscles - The Face
Epicranius
Procerus
Corrugator Supercilii
Orbicularis Oculi
Epicranius
Procerus
103 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11: Muscles
What are the five universal characteri…
What is Excitability in muscles?
What is Conductivity in muscles?
What is Contractility in muscles?
Excitability (responsiveness)... Conductivity... Contractility... Exte…
The responsiveness to chemical signals, stretching, and elect…
Local electrical change... Triggers wave of excitation... Travels a…
Shortening of muscle when stimulated
What are the five universal characteri…
Excitability (responsiveness)... Conductivity... Contractility... Exte…
What is Excitability in muscles?
The responsiveness to chemical signals, stretching, and elect…
28 terms
Human Anatomy- Chapter 11- Muscles of the Body
Skeletal muscles consist of
Fascicles are arranged in
Fascicle arrangement
1. Convergent
fascicles
different patterns, fascicle arrangement tells about the acti…
1. circular... (orbicularis oris)... 2. convergent... (oectoralis majo…
1. origin of the muscle is broad... 2. fascicles converge toward…
Skeletal muscles consist of
fascicles
Fascicles are arranged in
different patterns, fascicle arrangement tells about the acti…
Anatomy Chapter 11 Appendicular Muscles
Trapezius
Rhomboid major
Rhomboid minor
Levator Scapulae
Location: Pectoral Girdle... Action: May 1. elevate, retract, de…
Location: Pectoral Girdle... Action: elevates, adducts and downw…
Location: Pectoral Girdle... Action: elevates, adducts and downw…
Location: Pectoral Girdle... Action: elevates scapula... Origin: Tr…
Trapezius
Location: Pectoral Girdle... Action: May 1. elevate, retract, de…
Rhomboid major
Location: Pectoral Girdle... Action: elevates, adducts and downw…
Anatomy Chapter 11 Axial Muscles
Orbicularis Oculi
Buccinator (trumpeter)
Orbicularis Oris
temporoparietalis
location: facial expression muscles... action: closes eye
location: facial expression muscles... action: moves food around…
location: facial expression muscles... action: constricts the mo…
location: scalp muscles... action: tenses scalps; wiggles ears
Orbicularis Oculi
location: facial expression muscles... action: closes eye
Buccinator (trumpeter)
location: facial expression muscles... action: moves food around…
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11 - Muscles
Skeletal Muscles & Movement
Belly
Origin
Isertion
1. Tendons attach a muscle to at least 2 bones across a joint…
Fleshy part of muscle
(anchor point) tendon attachment of a muscle to a stationary/…
Tendon attachment of a muscle to bone(s) that are moved
Skeletal Muscles & Movement
1. Tendons attach a muscle to at least 2 bones across a joint…
Belly
Fleshy part of muscle
16 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 11 Skeletal Muscles
Frontalis
Zygomaticus
Masseter
Temporalis
Superficial to frontal bone... O: epicranial aponeurosis... I: skin…
Extrends from cheekbones to corners of the mouth... O: Zygomatic…
O: Zygomatic arch/bone... I: Angle and ramus of mandible... A: Elev…
O: Temporal fossa... I: Coronoid process of mandible... A: Elevates…
Frontalis
Superficial to frontal bone... O: epicranial aponeurosis... I: skin…
Zygomaticus
Extrends from cheekbones to corners of the mouth... O: Zygomatic…
53 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11: Muscles of the Body
Lever Systems: Bone-Muscle Relationships
Lever System: Bone-Muscle Relationships
Classes of Lever Systems
Lever Systems: Bone-Muscle Relationships
-Movement of skeletal muscles involves lever or leverage syst…
Lever systems: Allow given effort to move heavier load... Law of…
-Depends on the position of 3 elements... -Effects:... 1. Speed of…
Bones- act as levers... Joints-act as fulcrums... Muscle Contractio…
Lever Systems: Bone-Muscle Relationships
-Movement of skeletal muscles involves lever or leverage syst…
Lever System: Bone-Muscle Relationships
Lever systems: Allow given effort to move heavier load... Law of…
96 terms
Chapter 11: Muscle Anatomy
iliacus/psoas
gluteal muscles
maximus, medius, minimus
tensor fasciae
elevate the femur
depress the femur and draw it behind the body; form the struc…
Name the 3 gluteal muscles.
abduct the femur
iliacus/psoas
elevate the femur
gluteal muscles
depress the femur and draw it behind the body; form the struc…
Anatomy: Muscles of the Body, Chapter 11
Muscles that act on the knee joint for…
The space between the trapezius, latis…
The__________muscle encloses the base…
What is the functional relationship be…
thigh
triangle of ausculation
bulbospongiosus
synergistic
Muscles that act on the knee joint for…
thigh
The space between the trapezius, latis…
triangle of ausculation
86 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11- Skeletal Muscles
rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastu…
supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres mi…
semitendinosus, semimembranosus, bicep…
frontalis
4 muscles that make up the quadriceps femoris
4 muscles that make up the rotator cuff
3 muscles that make up the hamstrings
Muscle that is superficial to the frontal bone. Raises the ey…
rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastu…
4 muscles that make up the quadriceps femoris
supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres mi…
4 muscles that make up the rotator cuff
8 terms
Human Anatomy - Chapter 11 - Muscles
skeletal muscle
series elastic components
transverse tubules
sarcoplasmic reticulum
muscle that is voluntary and striated
stretchy endomysium, perimysium, and epimysium
open onto the surface of the sarcolemma, allow extracellular…
a reservoir for calcium; joins with t tubules to form termina…
skeletal muscle
muscle that is voluntary and striated
series elastic components
stretchy endomysium, perimysium, and epimysium
59 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy: Appendicular muscles
Levator Scapulae
Pectoralis Minor
Subclavius
Serratus anterior
Function: Elevates scapula
Funciton: Depresses scapula
Function: Depresses scapula
Function: Protracts shoulder and scapula and draws scapula me…
Levator Scapulae
Function: Elevates scapula
Pectoralis Minor
Funciton: Depresses scapula
18 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy facial muscles
Frontal belly of occipitofrontalis
Occipital belly of of occipitofrontalis
Nasalis
Procerus
Moves scalp, eyebrows;wrinkles skin of torehead
Retracts scalp
Compresses bridge and depresses tip of nose; elevates corners…
Moves and wrinkles nose
Frontal belly of occipitofrontalis
Moves scalp, eyebrows;wrinkles skin of torehead
Occipital belly of of occipitofrontalis
Retracts scalp
59 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy: Appendicular muscles
Levator Scapulae
Pectoralis Minor
Subclavius
Serratus anterior
Origin: Transverse processes of C1-C4... Insertion: superior ang…
Origin: Anterior surfaces of Sternal ends of ribs 3-5... Inserti…
Origin: First rib and cartilage... Insertion: Acromial end of cl…
Origin: Anterior surface of first 8 or 9 ribs... Insertion: Ante…
Levator Scapulae
Origin: Transverse processes of C1-C4... Insertion: superior ang…
Pectoralis Minor
Origin: Anterior surfaces of Sternal ends of ribs 3-5... Inserti…
20 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11: Muscles of the Body
synergists
lateral side
extension
extend the thigh and flex the leg
biceps brachii and brachialis both flex the forearm. These mu…
a muscle that abducts the thigh would cross the hip on which…
at most joints, what movement is produced by muscles that cro…
what are the actions of the muscles in the posterior compartm…
synergists
biceps brachii and brachialis both flex the forearm. These mu…
lateral side
a muscle that abducts the thigh would cross the hip on which…
28 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11: Muscles (Actions)
Plantar flexors
Dorsiflexors
Toe extensors
Toe flexors
Gastrocnemius... Soleus... Calcaneal tendon... Tibialis posterior... Flex…
Tibialis anterior... Extensor digitorum longus... Extensor hallucis…
Extensor digitorum longus... Extensor hallucis longus
Flexor digitorum longus... Flexor hallucis longus
Plantar flexors
Gastrocnemius... Soleus... Calcaneal tendon... Tibialis posterior... Flex…
Dorsiflexors
Tibialis anterior... Extensor digitorum longus... Extensor hallucis…
Chapter 11: Muscles Human anatomy
Buccinator Origin
Buccinator insertion
Bucinnator action
Oribicularis Oris Origin
Maxilla: Mandible
Orbicularis Oris Muscle
compresses cheeks
Maxilla; mandible
Buccinator Origin
Maxilla: Mandible
Buccinator insertion
Orbicularis Oris Muscle
56 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy: The Appendicular Muscles
Pectoral girdle
Pelvic girdle
Anterior thorax
deltoid
upper limb
lower limb
deltoid... pectoralis... serratus anterior (associate with ribs)
Origin- trapezius, clavicle, scapula ... Insertion- deltoid tub…
Pectoral girdle
upper limb
Pelvic girdle
lower limb
216 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 - Muscles of the Body
leverage
lever
fulcrum
force or effort
movement of skeletal muscle involves what type of system?
a rigid bar that moves on a fixed point
fixed point on a lever
a lever moves when what is used to move a resistance or load?
leverage
movement of skeletal muscle involves what type of system?
lever
a rigid bar that moves on a fixed point
18 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Axial Muscles
moves scalp, eyebrows, wrinkles skin o…
compresses cheek; holds food between t…
compresses and purses lips
closes eyes; produces wrinkling, blink…
epicranius
buccinator
orbicularis oris
orbicular oculi
moves scalp, eyebrows, wrinkles skin o…
epicranius
compresses cheek; holds food between t…
buccinator
56 terms
Anatomy Lab 5: Axial Muscles (Chapter 11)
Epicranius
Occipitofrontalis
Occipital Belly
Frontal Belly
a. contains the occipital belly and the frontal belly ... b. Rai…
a. exchanges information with the frontal belly by an interme…
a. raise eyebrows and causes wrinkles on forehead
Epicranius
Occipitofrontalis
a. contains the occipital belly and the frontal belly ... b. Rai…
16 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 11 (Axial Muscles)
Axial Muscles
Muscles of Head/Neck
Muscles of Facial Expression
Extrinsic Eye Muscles
Origin/insertions on axial skeleton; movement/support head an…
Several groupings; originate at skull or hyoid
Originate at superficial fascia or skull bones; insert superf…
(Extraocular) Move the eyes; originate outside of the eyeball
Axial Muscles
Origin/insertions on axial skeleton; movement/support head an…
Muscles of Head/Neck
Several groupings; originate at skull or hyoid
121 terms
ORU Human Anatomy Chapter 11 Review- Muscles
Fascicle arrangement
Convergent
Parallel
Pennate
Tells about action of a muscle.... 5 types
Origin of the muscle is broad... Ex. Pectoralis major
fascicle run parallel to the long axis of the muscle... -Strap-l…
-Unipennate—fascicles insert into one side of the tendon... -Bip…
Fascicle arrangement
Tells about action of a muscle.... 5 types
Convergent
Origin of the muscle is broad... Ex. Pectoralis major
115 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11: Muscles and their Actions
buccinator
depressor labii inferioris
levator labii superioris
levator anguli oris
compresses cheeks
depresses lower lip
elevates upper lip
elevates corner of mouth
buccinator
compresses cheeks
depressor labii inferioris
depresses lower lip
50 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11: Muscles and their Actions
buccinator
depressor labii inferioris
levator labii superioris
levator anguli oris
compresses cheeks
depresses lower lip
elevates upper lip
elevates corner of mouth
buccinator
compresses cheeks
depressor labii inferioris
depresses lower lip
25 terms
Anatomy Muscle Functions Chapter 11
Biceps Brachii
Deltoid
Latissimus Dorsi
Triceps
flexes elbow and shoulder, supinates forearm and hand
flexes and extends shoulder, abducts medially, and laterally…
adducts, extends, medially rotates shoulder
extends elbow, adducts and extends shoulder
Biceps Brachii
flexes elbow and shoulder, supinates forearm and hand
Deltoid
flexes and extends shoulder, abducts medially, and laterally…
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