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Study sets matching "anatomy nervous system chapter 8 human"

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Study sets matching "anatomy nervous system chapter 8 human"

42 terms
Human anatomy and physiology chapter 8 nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
afferent division
efferent division
consist of the brain and spinal cord, integrates and coordina…
all neural tissues outside of the CNS, connection between the…
where information is processed , includes sensory receptors(s…
where CNS sends motor commands, includes neurons that send in…
central nervous system
consist of the brain and spinal cord, integrates and coordina…
peripheral nervous system
all neural tissues outside of the CNS, connection between the…
12 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 8 Nervous System
Name the 2 main population centers in…
List 3 countries involved with the occ…
Who were the leaders of the independen…
What countries made up French Indo Chi…
1. Red River Delta... 2. Mekong Delta
1. China... -Ag Benefits... 2. France... -Asian trade, Catholic conv…
Le Loi... Ho Chi Minh
Vietnam... Laos... Cambodia
Name the 2 main population centers in…
1. Red River Delta... 2. Mekong Delta
List 3 countries involved with the occ…
1. China... -Ag Benefits... 2. France... -Asian trade, Catholic conv…
84 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 8 - Nervous System
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
neuroglia
brain and spinal cord
cranial and spinal nervous
nerve cells that transmit impulses
support and nourish neurons
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
cranial and spinal nervous
154 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 8 The Nervous System
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
receptors
organs
impulses
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
receptors in _____ collect internal information
receptors send information by ______ to the brain
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
receptors
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
154 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 8 The Nervous System
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
receptors
organs
impulses
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
receptors in _____ collect internal information
receptors send information by ______ to the brain
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
receptors
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
154 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 8 The Nervous System
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
receptors
organs
impulses
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
receptors in _____ collect internal information
receptors send information by ______ to the brain
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
receptors
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
56 terms
NERVOUS SYSTEM chapter 8 (ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY)
Structure of the Nervous System
Functions of the Nervous System
function of the myelin sheat
How neuron fibers are built
The central nervous system (CNS) is the brain and spinal cord…
Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the…
The myelin sheath is a greatly extended and modified plasma…
A nerve fiber is a threadlike extension of s nerve cell conta…
Structure of the Nervous System
The central nervous system (CNS) is the brain and spinal cord…
Functions of the Nervous System
Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the…
128 terms
Chapter 8 Nervous System - Anatomy
What does the nervous system coordinat…
What do the Endocrine and Nervous Syst…
Describe the changes in the Endocrine…
Describe the changes in the Nervous Sy…
The nervous system coordinates organ system activities in ord…
The Endocrine and Nervous Systems both cause changes in the b…
The Endocrine System's changes are very long and slow. An exa…
The Nervous System's changes are very fast (impulses).
What does the nervous system coordinat…
The nervous system coordinates organ system activities in ord…
What do the Endocrine and Nervous Syst…
The Endocrine and Nervous Systems both cause changes in the b…
36 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy (nervous system)
Acetylcholine
action potential
arachnoid membrane
Association area
neurotransmitter secreted at the ends of many neurons (across…
change in potential propagated along the membrane of a neuron…
web like middle covering of the central nervous system (one o…
region of the cerebral cortex related to memory, reasoning, j…
Acetylcholine
neurotransmitter secreted at the ends of many neurons (across…
action potential
change in potential propagated along the membrane of a neuron…
25 terms
anatomy chapter 8 nervous system
divisions of the nervous system
nerve tissue
types of neurons
neuroglia
anatomical divisions: ... -central nervous system (CNS)... -periphe…
there are two types of cells that compose primarily of nerve…
-multipolar neurons... -bipolar neurons ... -unipolar neurons... -gang…
-neuroglia (neuroglial cells)... -schwann cells... -neurilemma ... -ol…
divisions of the nervous system
anatomical divisions: ... -central nervous system (CNS)... -periphe…
nerve tissue
there are two types of cells that compose primarily of nerve…
28 terms
Human A & P-Chapter 8: Central Nervous System
Function of CNS
Meninges
Cerebrospinal fluid
Left hemisphere (function)
control center of body; relays messages, processes, and analy…
layers of connective tissue that surround the organs
fluid found in between meninges and organ; acts as a shock ab…
logic, language, math
Function of CNS
control center of body; relays messages, processes, and analy…
Meninges
layers of connective tissue that surround the organs
68 terms
anatomy nervous system chapter 8
Site of regulation of water balance an…
Contains reflex centers involved in re…
Responsible for the regulation of post…
Important relay station for afferent f…
Hypothalamus
Pons
Cerebellum
Thalamus
Site of regulation of water balance an…
Hypothalamus
Contains reflex centers involved in re…
Pons
64 terms
Surgical Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System Chapter 8
2 major categories of human nervous sy…
2 components of the central nervous sy…
3 functions of the nervous system
Sensory Function of the nervous system
Central Nervous System - CNS... Peripheral Nervous System - PNS
Brain ... Spinal cord
Sensory Function... Integrative Function... Motor Function
Gathers internal & external environmental information
2 major categories of human nervous sy…
Central Nervous System - CNS... Peripheral Nervous System - PNS
2 components of the central nervous sy…
Brain ... Spinal cord
61 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8: Nervous System
Midbrain
Pons
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Relay station for tracts passing between the cerecrum and the…
Turns head as a reaction to a stimulus
Controls highest level of thought process like reasoning, pla…
Controls all voluntary motor skills like muscle tone, posture…
Midbrain
Relay station for tracts passing between the cerecrum and the…
Pons
Turns head as a reaction to a stimulus
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 - Nervous system
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent Division
Monitors environments, integrates sensory information, and co…
Consists of brain and spinal cord. Integrates and coordinates…
System of which all communication between the CNS and the res…
division of nervous system which transmits sensory informatio…
Nervous System
Monitors environments, integrates sensory information, and co…
Central Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord. Integrates and coordinates…
25 terms
Chapter 8: The Nervous System- Anatomy
Describe the 3 types of neurons.
Describe a resting neuron in terms of…
Membrane Potential
Synapse
1. Sensory- carries impulses from the sense organs to the bra…
Inside of a resting neuron, has a negative charge, and the ou…
The potential to carry an electrical current because there's…
The space where the axon terminal of one neuron can transfer…
Describe the 3 types of neurons.
1. Sensory- carries impulses from the sense organs to the bra…
Describe a resting neuron in terms of…
Inside of a resting neuron, has a negative charge, and the ou…
39 terms
Anatomy : Chapter 8 - Central Nervous System
General Information
Nerve Cells - Neurons
Types of neurons
Synapse
* Communication and coordination ... * Receives and Responds ... *…
* Consists of nucleus, cytoplasm's and cell membranes. ... * The…
* Sensory (Afferent): From organs toward the spinal cord and…
* Messages go from one cell to the next. ... * The space between…
General Information
* Communication and coordination ... * Receives and Responds ... *…
Nerve Cells - Neurons
* Consists of nucleus, cytoplasm's and cell membranes. ... * The…
20 terms
Nervous System Chapter 8 Anatomy
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory Neurons
Motor Division
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Lies outside the CNS and consists of nerves and ganglia
The neurons that transmit action potentials from the peripher…
Conducts action potentials from the CNS to effector organs su…
Central Nervous System
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Lies outside the CNS and consists of nerves and ganglia
41 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 Nervous System
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
neurons
brain and spinal cord
cranial and spinal nerves
subdivision of PNS; autonomic motor nerves, somatic motor ner…
nerve cells
central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
cranial and spinal nerves
105 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8: The Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Neuron
Neuroglia
The brain and spinal cord; composed of gray matter and white…
Nerves and ganglia of the nervous system that branch off and…
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts: dendrite,…
Nonconducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord; composed of gray matter and white…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Nerves and ganglia of the nervous system that branch off and…
53 terms
Chapter 8 Nervous System Anatomy
CNS includes:
CNS function:
Peripheral nervous system (PNS) includ…
Afferent divisions
Brain and spinal cord
Integrates sensory info... Coordinates involuntary and voluntary…
All neural tissue outside of CNS
Carries messages to the CNS
CNS includes:
Brain and spinal cord
CNS function:
Integrates sensory info... Coordinates involuntary and voluntary…
213 terms
Chapter 8 nervous system ANATOMY
The hypothalamus
Hypothalamus regulates
Thalamus
Pituitary gland
Stimulates visceral responses during emotional situation
Body rhythms-secretion of hormones,mood,sleep cycle
Relay station ... Relays messages to brain to tell it what to do
Thalamus tells it what to do
The hypothalamus
Stimulates visceral responses during emotional situation
Hypothalamus regulates
Body rhythms-secretion of hormones,mood,sleep cycle
57 terms
chapter 8 anatomy nervous system
central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system
General Somatic Sensory (info from ski…
special Somatic Sensory
brain and spinal cord
nerves to and from CNS... a sensory division carry impulses to CNS
touch, pain, pressure, temperature, hot, cold, tickle, itch,…
vision, hearing, equilibrium, smell
central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
nerves to and from CNS... a sensory division carry impulses to CNS
21 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 - The Nervous System
Action Potential
Synapse
Sulci
Gyri
an electrical impulse moving through a membrane
where the end of an axon is in contact w a neuron or a muscle…
"valleys" of the brain, inward folds
"hills" of the brain, stick up
Action Potential
an electrical impulse moving through a membrane
Synapse
where the end of an axon is in contact w a neuron or a muscle…
111 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 8 The nervous system
Mechanoreceptors
Baroreceptors
nervous system
Anatomical division
-free nerve endings... -stretch receptors... -senses changes in mus…
-aortic sinus and carotid sinus
1.Monitors the body's internal and external environments- rec…
-Central nervous system... -Peripheral nervous system
Mechanoreceptors
-free nerve endings... -stretch receptors... -senses changes in mus…
Baroreceptors
-aortic sinus and carotid sinus
27 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 Nervous System
3 types of neuron
describe the resting neuron in terms o…
membrane potential
synapse
sensory - carries impulses from sensory organs to brain ... moto…
outside has a positive charge... inside has a negative charge
potential to carry & electrical current because there's a dif…
space where axon terminals of one neuron can transfer an impu…
3 types of neuron
sensory - carries impulses from sensory organs to brain ... moto…
describe the resting neuron in terms o…
outside has a positive charge... inside has a negative charge
57 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 The Nervous System
CNS (Central Nervous System) PNS (Peri…
brain and spinal cord
1. Integrates sensory information ... 2.…
intelligence, memory, and emotion
two anatomical subdivision
CNS includes both
Function of CNS
CNS is the site of
CNS (Central Nervous System) PNS (Peri…
two anatomical subdivision
brain and spinal cord
CNS includes both
147 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 8 - The Nervous System
Sense Organ
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
Ear
Brain and spinal chord
Nerves that extend to the outlying parts of the body
Subdivision of peripheral nervous system
Sense Organ
Ear
Central nervous system
Brain and spinal chord
38 terms
anatomy chapter 8 the nervous system
nervous system
endocine system
functions of the nervous system
divisions of the nervous system (anato…
-fast, short acting ... -coordinates other organ systems to main…
-slower but long lasting... -coordinates other organ systems to…
-monitors the body's internal and external environments... -inte…
CNS ... PNS
nervous system
-fast, short acting ... -coordinates other organ systems to main…
endocine system
-slower but long lasting... -coordinates other organ systems to…
53 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 8 (Nervous System)
functions of the nervous system
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
afferent division
monitors the internal and external enviornment; control sense…
brain and spinal cord; integrates and coordinates sensory dat…
all neural tissue outside the CNS (afferent, efferent, somati…
brings info towards the CNS (sensory neurons); bigger
functions of the nervous system
monitors the internal and external enviornment; control sense…
central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord; integrates and coordinates sensory dat…
44 terms
Chapter 8 anatomy Nervous System
functions of nervous system
afferent
efferent
somatic system
(1) monitor environments inside and outside the body... (2) inte…
brings stimuli from sensors back to brain
brings messages from brain to muscles and glands
voluntary (skeletal muscles and skin)
functions of nervous system
(1) monitor environments inside and outside the body... (2) inte…
afferent
brings stimuli from sensors back to brain
147 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 8 - The Nervous System
Sense Organ
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
Ear
Brain and spinal chord
Nerves that extend to the outlying parts of the body
Subdivision of peripheral nervous system
Sense Organ
Ear
Central nervous system
Brain and spinal chord
32 terms
Human Anatomy: Nervous System
Cerebellum
Corpus Callosum
cerebrum
thalamus
Cerebellum
Corpus Callosum
62 terms
Human Anatomy - The Nervous System
Superior Thoracic Aperature
Inferior Thoracic Aperature
Conducting Unit
Respiratory Unit
Identify this area on top of the thoracic cage
Identify this area on the lower end of the thoracic cage
The part of the lungs that consists of airways (no gas exchan…
The part of the lungs that consists of gas exchange
Superior Thoracic Aperature
Identify this area on top of the thoracic cage
Inferior Thoracic Aperature
Identify this area on the lower end of the thoracic cage
50 terms
Human Anatomy Ch 8 Muscular System
flexes arm at the elbow; supinates for…
extends arm at the elbow
closes eyelid
closes jaw
biceps brachii
triceps brachii
orbicularis oculi
masseter
flexes arm at the elbow; supinates for…
biceps brachii
extends arm at the elbow
triceps brachii
23 terms
Chapter 8: The Anatomy of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Somatic Nervous System (part of the ..…
Autonomic Nervous System (part of the…
the division of the nervous system that is located within the…
division of the nervous system that is located outside the sk…
the part of the PNS that interacts with the external environm…
the part of the PNS that regulates the body's internal enviro…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
the division of the nervous system that is located within the…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
division of the nervous system that is located outside the sk…
44 terms
Human Anatomy Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Supporting cells
The central processing unit that contains the Brain and Spina…
The cranial nerves and branches, Spinal nerves and branches.…
excitable cells:able to respond to stimulus & transmit electr…
non-excitable cells ;the help neurons to function.
Central Nervous System
The central processing unit that contains the Brain and Spina…
Peripheral Nervous System
The cranial nerves and branches, Spinal nerves and branches.…
46 terms
Anatomy-Chapter 8: Nervous System
General functions of the nervous system
What are the two major divisions of th…
What are the parts of the Central Nerv…
What are the parts of the Peripheral N…
Monitors internal and external environment, integrates sensor…
Central and Peripheral
Brain and spinal cord
All neural tissues outside of the CNS
General functions of the nervous system
Monitors internal and external environment, integrates sensor…
What are the two major divisions of th…
Central and Peripheral
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8: The Nervous System
Whereas the spinal cord is part of the…
Of what does a neuron consist?
The sensory neuron is
The interneuron is
CNS, PNS
Axon, cell body, dendrite (all of these)
impulse to CNS
always within CNS
Whereas the spinal cord is part of the…
CNS, PNS
Of what does a neuron consist?
Axon, cell body, dendrite (all of these)
75 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 Nervous System Anatomy (Finished)
Meninges
Dura Mater
Epidural Space
Subdural (Space)
3 layers of specialized membranes surrounding the brain and s…
One of the meninges. Tough and fibrous. Outermost covering of…
Space between the dura mater of the spinal cord and the walls…
Space between the dura mater and arachnoid layer.
Meninges
3 layers of specialized membranes surrounding the brain and s…
Dura Mater
One of the meninges. Tough and fibrous. Outermost covering of…
67 terms
Chapter 8 Nervous System
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurology
neurologist
consisting of the brain and spinal cord
responsible for transmitting sensory and motor impulses back…
study of the nervous system and its disroders
physician who specializes in treating the diseases and disord…
central nervous system
consisting of the brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
responsible for transmitting sensory and motor impulses back…
279 terms
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 8, Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
The nervous system has two functional…
The efferent division is further divid…
Neural tissue consists of two kinds of…
All the neural tissue's outside of the central nervous system…
The afferent division... and ... the efferent division
The somatic nervous system. ... And... The automatic nervous syst…
Neurons and neuroglia
Peripheral nervous system
All the neural tissue's outside of the central nervous system…
The nervous system has two functional…
The afferent division... and ... the efferent division
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8 Nervous System
Cell Body
Neurons
Neuroglia
Axon
Portion of a neuron that contains the nucleus and organelles.
Nerve cells; generate and transmit nerve signals.
Support and nourish the neurons.
Portion of the neuron that conducts nerve signals.
Cell Body
Portion of a neuron that contains the nucleus and organelles.
Neurons
Nerve cells; generate and transmit nerve signals.
52 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 8: The Central Nervous System
dura mater
arachnoid mater
pia mater
epidural space
the tough, outermost meninge
the web-like, middle meninge
the thin, deep meninge which adhered to all the superficial l…
the space superficial to the dura mater
dura mater
the tough, outermost meninge
arachnoid mater
the web-like, middle meninge
Nervous System: Human anatomy..
myelin sheath
node of Ranvier
astrocytes
microglia
just below the neurilemma, formed by oligodendrocytes in the…
small gap between myelinated segments where axonal membrane i…
star-shaped supporting cells in the CNS that are the most abu…
Smallest, least abundant glial cell in the brain and spinal c…
myelin sheath
just below the neurilemma, formed by oligodendrocytes in the…
node of Ranvier
small gap between myelinated segments where axonal membrane i…
17 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8-1 Nervous System
Nervous System
Functions of Nervous System
Sensory
Integrative
control center and communication network ( made of brain , sp…
Sensory... Integrative... Motor
monitors and perceives changes as they occur in the internal…
processing or combining pieces of info
Nervous System
control center and communication network ( made of brain , sp…
Functions of Nervous System
Sensory... Integrative... Motor
46 terms
Anatomy Chapter8-2 Nervous System
Nerve Tissue consists of 2 cell types
Neurons conduct
Neuroglia
Neuroglia ( glial ) cells
Neurons ... Neuroglia
impulses at high speeds ( aka nerve cell)
support and maintain neuron structure and function
make up approximately 90% of the brain and spinal cord ( most…
Nerve Tissue consists of 2 cell types
Neurons ... Neuroglia
Neurons conduct
impulses at high speeds ( aka nerve cell)
21 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8-3 Nervous System
Nerve function
Differences in charge
two ions with greatest impact are
In a resting nerve cell there are 10 t…
to generate an impulse
causes a voltage
sodium and potassium
Na+ outside than inside in a resting neuron ( polarized )
Nerve function
to generate an impulse
Differences in charge
causes a voltage
51 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8-4 Nervous System
Synapse
impulse must cross what to get to the…
presynaptic neuron
post-synaptic neuron
the junction between adjacent neurons
synapse
the neuron that sends the impulse to the synapse
the neuron that receives the impulse across the synapse
Synapse
the junction between adjacent neurons
impulse must cross what to get to the…
synapse
128 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Nervous System Chapter 8
Nervous System
The main structures of the Nervous Sys…
Sensing
Two categories of receptors
is a unified collection of neurons and supporting cells that…
Brain, spinal cord, and nerves.... Brain is the master controlle…
is the detection of change by the sensory receptors specializ…
Receptors from this of special senses (eyes, ears) Sensory re…
Nervous System
is a unified collection of neurons and supporting cells that…
The main structures of the Nervous Sys…
Brain, spinal cord, and nerves.... Brain is the master controlle…
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