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Study sets matching "anatomy nervous system chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "anatomy nervous system chapter 8"

84 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 8 - Nervous System
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
neuroglia
brain and spinal cord
cranial and spinal nervous
nerve cells that transmit impulses
support and nourish neurons
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
cranial and spinal nervous
154 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 8 The Nervous System
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
receptors
organs
impulses
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
receptors in _____ collect internal information
receptors send information by ______ to the brain
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
receptors
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
56 terms
NERVOUS SYSTEM chapter 8 (ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY)
Structure of the Nervous System
Functions of the Nervous System
function of the myelin sheat
How neuron fibers are built
The central nervous system (CNS) is the brain and spinal cord…
Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the…
The myelin sheath is a greatly extended and modified plasma…
A nerve fiber is a threadlike extension of s nerve cell conta…
Structure of the Nervous System
The central nervous system (CNS) is the brain and spinal cord…
Functions of the Nervous System
Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the…
154 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 8 The Nervous System
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
receptors
organs
impulses
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
receptors in _____ collect internal information
receptors send information by ______ to the brain
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
receptors
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
154 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 8 The Nervous System
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
receptors
organs
impulses
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
receptors in _____ collect internal information
receptors send information by ______ to the brain
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
receptors
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
128 terms
Chapter 8 Nervous System - Anatomy
What does the nervous system coordinat…
What do the Endocrine and Nervous Syst…
Describe the changes in the Endocrine…
Describe the changes in the Nervous Sy…
The nervous system coordinates organ system activities in ord…
The Endocrine and Nervous Systems both cause changes in the b…
The Endocrine System's changes are very long and slow. An exa…
The Nervous System's changes are very fast (impulses).
What does the nervous system coordinat…
The nervous system coordinates organ system activities in ord…
What do the Endocrine and Nervous Syst…
The Endocrine and Nervous Systems both cause changes in the b…
25 terms
anatomy chapter 8 nervous system
divisions of the nervous system
nerve tissue
types of neurons
neuroglia
anatomical divisions: ... -central nervous system (CNS)... -periphe…
there are two types of cells that compose primarily of nerve…
-multipolar neurons... -bipolar neurons ... -unipolar neurons... -gang…
-neuroglia (neuroglial cells)... -schwann cells... -neurilemma ... -ol…
divisions of the nervous system
anatomical divisions: ... -central nervous system (CNS)... -periphe…
nerve tissue
there are two types of cells that compose primarily of nerve…
36 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy (nervous system)
Acetylcholine
action potential
arachnoid membrane
Association area
neurotransmitter secreted at the ends of many neurons (across…
change in potential propagated along the membrane of a neuron…
web like middle covering of the central nervous system (one o…
region of the cerebral cortex related to memory, reasoning, j…
Acetylcholine
neurotransmitter secreted at the ends of many neurons (across…
action potential
change in potential propagated along the membrane of a neuron…
64 terms
Surgical Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System Chapter 8
2 major categories of human nervous sy…
2 components of the central nervous sy…
3 functions of the nervous system
Sensory Function of the nervous system
Central Nervous System - CNS... Peripheral Nervous System - PNS
Brain ... Spinal cord
Sensory Function... Integrative Function... Motor Function
Gathers internal & external environmental information
2 major categories of human nervous sy…
Central Nervous System - CNS... Peripheral Nervous System - PNS
2 components of the central nervous sy…
Brain ... Spinal cord
39 terms
Anatomy : Chapter 8 - Central Nervous System
General Information
Nerve Cells - Neurons
Types of neurons
Synapse
* Communication and coordination ... * Receives and Responds ... *…
* Consists of nucleus, cytoplasm's and cell membranes. ... * The…
* Sensory (Afferent): From organs toward the spinal cord and…
* Messages go from one cell to the next. ... * The space between…
General Information
* Communication and coordination ... * Receives and Responds ... *…
Nerve Cells - Neurons
* Consists of nucleus, cytoplasm's and cell membranes. ... * The…
68 terms
anatomy nervous system chapter 8
Site of regulation of water balance an…
Contains reflex centers involved in re…
Responsible for the regulation of post…
Important relay station for afferent f…
Hypothalamus
Pons
Cerebellum
Thalamus
Site of regulation of water balance an…
Hypothalamus
Contains reflex centers involved in re…
Pons
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 - Nervous system
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent Division
Monitors environments, integrates sensory information, and co…
Consists of brain and spinal cord. Integrates and coordinates…
System of which all communication between the CNS and the res…
division of nervous system which transmits sensory informatio…
Nervous System
Monitors environments, integrates sensory information, and co…
Central Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord. Integrates and coordinates…
61 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8: Nervous System
Midbrain
Pons
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Relay station for tracts passing between the cerecrum and the…
Turns head as a reaction to a stimulus
Controls highest level of thought process like reasoning, pla…
Controls all voluntary motor skills like muscle tone, posture…
Midbrain
Relay station for tracts passing between the cerecrum and the…
Pons
Turns head as a reaction to a stimulus
53 terms
Chapter 8 Nervous System Anatomy
CNS includes:
CNS function:
Peripheral nervous system (PNS) includ…
Afferent divisions
Brain and spinal cord
Integrates sensory info... Coordinates involuntary and voluntary…
All neural tissue outside of CNS
Carries messages to the CNS
CNS includes:
Brain and spinal cord
CNS function:
Integrates sensory info... Coordinates involuntary and voluntary…
213 terms
Chapter 8 nervous system ANATOMY
The hypothalamus
Hypothalamus regulates
Thalamus
Pituitary gland
Stimulates visceral responses during emotional situation
Body rhythms-secretion of hormones,mood,sleep cycle
Relay station ... Relays messages to brain to tell it what to do
Thalamus tells it what to do
The hypothalamus
Stimulates visceral responses during emotional situation
Hypothalamus regulates
Body rhythms-secretion of hormones,mood,sleep cycle
20 terms
Nervous System Chapter 8 Anatomy
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory Neurons
Motor Division
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Lies outside the CNS and consists of nerves and ganglia
The neurons that transmit action potentials from the peripher…
Conducts action potentials from the CNS to effector organs su…
Central Nervous System
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Lies outside the CNS and consists of nerves and ganglia
41 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 Nervous System
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
neurons
brain and spinal cord
cranial and spinal nerves
subdivision of PNS; autonomic motor nerves, somatic motor ner…
nerve cells
central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
cranial and spinal nerves
105 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8: The Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Neuron
Neuroglia
The brain and spinal cord; composed of gray matter and white…
Nerves and ganglia of the nervous system that branch off and…
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts: dendrite,…
Nonconducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord; composed of gray matter and white…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Nerves and ganglia of the nervous system that branch off and…
38 terms
anatomy chapter 8 the nervous system
nervous system
endocine system
functions of the nervous system
divisions of the nervous system (anato…
-fast, short acting ... -coordinates other organ systems to main…
-slower but long lasting... -coordinates other organ systems to…
-monitors the body's internal and external environments... -inte…
CNS ... PNS
nervous system
-fast, short acting ... -coordinates other organ systems to main…
endocine system
-slower but long lasting... -coordinates other organ systems to…
53 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 8 (Nervous System)
functions of the nervous system
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
afferent division
monitors the internal and external enviornment; control sense…
brain and spinal cord; integrates and coordinates sensory dat…
all neural tissue outside the CNS (afferent, efferent, somati…
brings info towards the CNS (sensory neurons); bigger
functions of the nervous system
monitors the internal and external enviornment; control sense…
central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord; integrates and coordinates sensory dat…
57 terms
chapter 8 anatomy nervous system
central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system
General Somatic Sensory (info from ski…
special Somatic Sensory
brain and spinal cord
nerves to and from CNS... a sensory division carry impulses to CNS
touch, pain, pressure, temperature, hot, cold, tickle, itch,…
vision, hearing, equilibrium, smell
central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
nerves to and from CNS... a sensory division carry impulses to CNS
44 terms
Chapter 8 anatomy Nervous System
functions of nervous system
afferent
efferent
somatic system
(1) monitor environments inside and outside the body... (2) inte…
brings stimuli from sensors back to brain
brings messages from brain to muscles and glands
voluntary (skeletal muscles and skin)
functions of nervous system
(1) monitor environments inside and outside the body... (2) inte…
afferent
brings stimuli from sensors back to brain
21 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 - The Nervous System
Action Potential
Synapse
Sulci
Gyri
an electrical impulse moving through a membrane
where the end of an axon is in contact w a neuron or a muscle…
"valleys" of the brain, inward folds
"hills" of the brain, stick up
Action Potential
an electrical impulse moving through a membrane
Synapse
where the end of an axon is in contact w a neuron or a muscle…
57 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 The Nervous System
CNS (Central Nervous System) PNS (Peri…
brain and spinal cord
1. Integrates sensory information ... 2.…
intelligence, memory, and emotion
two anatomical subdivision
CNS includes both
Function of CNS
CNS is the site of
CNS (Central Nervous System) PNS (Peri…
two anatomical subdivision
brain and spinal cord
CNS includes both
147 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 8 - The Nervous System
Sense Organ
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
Ear
Brain and spinal chord
Nerves that extend to the outlying parts of the body
Subdivision of peripheral nervous system
Sense Organ
Ear
Central nervous system
Brain and spinal chord
147 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 8 - The Nervous System
Sense Organ
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
Ear
Brain and spinal chord
Nerves that extend to the outlying parts of the body
Subdivision of peripheral nervous system
Sense Organ
Ear
Central nervous system
Brain and spinal chord
67 terms
Chapter 8 Nervous System
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurology
neurologist
consisting of the brain and spinal cord
responsible for transmitting sensory and motor impulses back…
study of the nervous system and its disroders
physician who specializes in treating the diseases and disord…
central nervous system
consisting of the brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
responsible for transmitting sensory and motor impulses back…
279 terms
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 8, Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
The nervous system has two functional…
The efferent division is further divid…
Neural tissue consists of two kinds of…
All the neural tissue's outside of the central nervous system…
The afferent division... and ... the efferent division
The somatic nervous system. ... And... The automatic nervous syst…
Neurons and neuroglia
Peripheral nervous system
All the neural tissue's outside of the central nervous system…
The nervous system has two functional…
The afferent division... and ... the efferent division
75 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 Nervous System Anatomy (Finished)
Meninges
Dura Mater
Epidural Space
Subdural (Space)
3 layers of specialized membranes surrounding the brain and s…
One of the meninges. Tough and fibrous. Outermost covering of…
Space between the dura mater of the spinal cord and the walls…
Space between the dura mater and arachnoid layer.
Meninges
3 layers of specialized membranes surrounding the brain and s…
Dura Mater
One of the meninges. Tough and fibrous. Outermost covering of…
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8 Nervous System
Cell Body
Neurons
Neuroglia
Axon
Portion of a neuron that contains the nucleus and organelles.
Nerve cells; generate and transmit nerve signals.
Support and nourish the neurons.
Portion of the neuron that conducts nerve signals.
Cell Body
Portion of a neuron that contains the nucleus and organelles.
Neurons
Nerve cells; generate and transmit nerve signals.
23 terms
Chapter 8: The Anatomy of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Somatic Nervous System (part of the ..…
Autonomic Nervous System (part of the…
the division of the nervous system that is located within the…
division of the nervous system that is located outside the sk…
the part of the PNS that interacts with the external environm…
the part of the PNS that regulates the body's internal enviro…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
the division of the nervous system that is located within the…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
division of the nervous system that is located outside the sk…
46 terms
Anatomy-Chapter 8: Nervous System
General functions of the nervous system
What are the two major divisions of th…
What are the parts of the Central Nerv…
What are the parts of the Peripheral N…
Monitors internal and external environment, integrates sensor…
Central and Peripheral
Brain and spinal cord
All neural tissues outside of the CNS
General functions of the nervous system
Monitors internal and external environment, integrates sensor…
What are the two major divisions of th…
Central and Peripheral
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8: The Nervous System
Whereas the spinal cord is part of the…
Of what does a neuron consist?
The sensory neuron is
The interneuron is
CNS, PNS
Axon, cell body, dendrite (all of these)
impulse to CNS
always within CNS
Whereas the spinal cord is part of the…
CNS, PNS
Of what does a neuron consist?
Axon, cell body, dendrite (all of these)
17 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8-1 Nervous System
Nervous System
Functions of Nervous System
Sensory
Integrative
control center and communication network ( made of brain , sp…
Sensory... Integrative... Motor
monitors and perceives changes as they occur in the internal…
processing or combining pieces of info
Nervous System
control center and communication network ( made of brain , sp…
Functions of Nervous System
Sensory... Integrative... Motor
46 terms
Anatomy Chapter8-2 Nervous System
Nerve Tissue consists of 2 cell types
Neurons conduct
Neuroglia
Neuroglia ( glial ) cells
Neurons ... Neuroglia
impulses at high speeds ( aka nerve cell)
support and maintain neuron structure and function
make up approximately 90% of the brain and spinal cord ( most…
Nerve Tissue consists of 2 cell types
Neurons ... Neuroglia
Neurons conduct
impulses at high speeds ( aka nerve cell)
21 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8-3 Nervous System
Nerve function
Differences in charge
two ions with greatest impact are
In a resting nerve cell there are 10 t…
to generate an impulse
causes a voltage
sodium and potassium
Na+ outside than inside in a resting neuron ( polarized )
Nerve function
to generate an impulse
Differences in charge
causes a voltage
51 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8-4 Nervous System
Synapse
impulse must cross what to get to the…
presynaptic neuron
post-synaptic neuron
the junction between adjacent neurons
synapse
the neuron that sends the impulse to the synapse
the neuron that receives the impulse across the synapse
Synapse
the junction between adjacent neurons
impulse must cross what to get to the…
synapse
128 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Nervous System Chapter 8
Nervous System
The main structures of the Nervous Sys…
Sensing
Two categories of receptors
is a unified collection of neurons and supporting cells that…
Brain, spinal cord, and nerves.... Brain is the master controlle…
is the detection of change by the sensory receptors specializ…
Receptors from this of special senses (eyes, ears) Sensory re…
Nervous System
is a unified collection of neurons and supporting cells that…
The main structures of the Nervous Sys…
Brain, spinal cord, and nerves.... Brain is the master controlle…
191 terms
Chapter 8 Nervous System
Functions
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Sensory Division
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
A subdivision of the human nervous system comprising the brai…
All of the neurons that are not in the central nervous system…
afferent (toward) division: in the PNS, sensory (afferent) fi…
Functions
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
A subdivision of the human nervous system comprising the brai…
42 terms
Human anatomy and physiology chapter 8 nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
afferent division
efferent division
consist of the brain and spinal cord, integrates and coordina…
all neural tissues outside of the CNS, connection between the…
where information is processed , includes sensory receptors(s…
where CNS sends motor commands, includes neurons that send in…
central nervous system
consist of the brain and spinal cord, integrates and coordina…
peripheral nervous system
all neural tissues outside of the CNS, connection between the…
201 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 8: The Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
Ganglion
Afferent nerves
Efferent nerves
A.k.a. PNS.... Contains 12 pairs of cranial nerves and 31 pairs…
A knot like mass of nerve cells located outside the CNS
A.k.a. sensory nerves.... (A part of the PNS)... Carry impulses fr…
A.k.a. motor nerves... (A part of the PNS).... Carry impulses from…
Peripheral nervous system
A.k.a. PNS.... Contains 12 pairs of cranial nerves and 31 pairs…
Ganglion
A knot like mass of nerve cells located outside the CNS
56 terms
Nervous System (Chapter 8)
Functions of Nervous System:
Neuron
Neuroglia
Central Nervous System (CNS)
1. Monitor the internal and external environments... 2. Integrat…
-nervous system cell... -functional cells of the nervous system
-nervous system cell... -cells that support and protect the neur…
-brain and spinal cord... -integrates and coordinates the proces…
Functions of Nervous System:
1. Monitor the internal and external environments... 2. Integrat…
Neuron
-nervous system cell... -functional cells of the nervous system
238 terms
Nervous System- Chapter 8
Dendrites
Axon
Axon Terminal
Neurilemma
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
The end of the axon. Releases a chemical neurotransmitter whe…
A layer of cells that encases many axons.
Dendrites
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
Axon
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
11 terms
Ch 8 Nervous System 1: Neuron Anatomy
Releases neurotransmitters
Conducts local electrical currents tow…
increases the speed of impulse transmi…
location of the nucleus
axon terminal
dendrite
meyelin sheath
cell body
Releases neurotransmitters
axon terminal
Conducts local electrical currents tow…
dendrite
50 terms
Nervous system chapter 8
nerve impulses
Nervous system functions
Anatomical divisions
Central nervous system
an electrochemical signal created by and conducted along the…
1. detection of internal and external changes... 2. analysis of…
CNS and PNS
Consists of: brain,and spinal cord.... It is the body's neural i…
nerve impulses
an electrochemical signal created by and conducted along the…
Nervous system functions
1. detection of internal and external changes... 2. analysis of…
17 terms
ANATOMY: NERVOUS SYSTEM CHAPTER 8 SPECIFIC MUSCLES
EPICRANIUS
ORBICULARIS OCULI
ORBICULARIS ORIS
BUCCINATOR
ORIGIN OCCIPITAL BONE, INSERTION SKIN AROUND EYES
ORIGIN MAXILLARY AND FRONTAL BONES, INSERTION SKIN AROUND EYES
ORIGIN MUSCLES NEAR THE MOUTH, INSERTION SKIN OF LIPS
ORIGIN ALVEOLAR PROCESSES OF MAXILLA AND MANDIBLE, INSERTION…
EPICRANIUS
ORIGIN OCCIPITAL BONE, INSERTION SKIN AROUND EYES
ORBICULARIS OCULI
ORIGIN MAXILLARY AND FRONTAL BONES, INSERTION SKIN AROUND EYES
21 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 - The Nervous System Vocab
action potential
autonomic nervous system
axon
cerebrospinal fluid
A conducted change in the membrane potential of excitable cel…
(ANS) - Centers, nuclei, tracts, ganglia,and nerves, involved…
Elongate extension of a nueron that conducts an action potent…
Fluid bething the internal and external surfaces of the CNS;…
action potential
A conducted change in the membrane potential of excitable cel…
autonomic nervous system
(ANS) - Centers, nuclei, tracts, ganglia,and nerves, involved…
10 terms
Nervous System Chapter 8 (anatomy&physiology)
Action Potential
Brain Stem
Cerebellum
Cerebrum
A nerve impulse; a rapid change in membrane potential that in…
The portion of the brain, between the diencephalon and spinal…
Second largest part of the human brain, located posterior to…
The largest and uppermost part of the human brain, which id c…
Action Potential
A nerve impulse; a rapid change in membrane potential that in…
Brain Stem
The portion of the brain, between the diencephalon and spinal…
45 terms
Anatomy 203, Chapter 8: Nervous system
Sensory (afferent) division
Motor (efferent) division
The skeletal muscle "voluntary"
The smooth muscle, cardiac muscle and…
Incoming
Outgoing
Somatic nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
Sensory (afferent) division
Incoming
Motor (efferent) division
Outgoing
119 terms
Chapter 8 Nervous System
Central N.S. & Peripheral N.S.
Somatic N.S. & Autonomic N.S.
Dendrite
Axon
Anatomical Subdivisions
Functional Subdivisions
Process conducting impulses toward the body
Process conducting impulses from the cell body
Central N.S. & Peripheral N.S.
Anatomical Subdivisions
Somatic N.S. & Autonomic N.S.
Functional Subdivisions
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