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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology 2 chapter 24"

342 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
alimentary canal
teeth... tongue... salivary glands... liver... gal…
ingestion... secretion... mixing and propuls…
a continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
Name the accessory digestive organs
Name the six basic processes of the digestive system.
alimentary canal
a continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
teeth... tongue... salivary glands... liver... gal…
Name the accessory digestive organs
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Chapter 24
metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
cellular respiration
all chemical reactions needed to obtain life or anabolic reac…
building of molecules
breakdown of molecules
the use of oxygen and sugar to produce ATP
metabolism
all chemical reactions needed to obtain life or anabolic reac…
anabolism
building of molecules
342 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
alimentary canal
teeth... tongue... salivary glands... liver... gal…
ingestion... secretion... mixing and propuls…
a continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
Name the accessory digestive organs
Name the six basic processes of the digestive system.
alimentary canal
a continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
teeth... tongue... salivary glands... liver... gal…
Name the accessory digestive organs
63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Chapter 24
The molecule that serves as the major…
Which of the choices below is not a fa…
Dietary fats are important because the…
Cholesterol, though it is not an energ…
glucose
conversion to a nucleic acid
help the body absorb fat-soluble vitamins
is a stabilizing component of the plasma membranes and is the…
The molecule that serves as the major…
glucose
Which of the choices below is not a fa…
conversion to a nucleic acid
342 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
alimentary canal
Oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stoma…
teeth... tongue... salivary glands... liver... gal…
ingestion... secretion... mixing and propuls…
a continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
the parts in order
Name the accessory digestive organs
Name the six basic processes of the digestive system.
alimentary canal
a continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
Oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stoma…
the parts in order
342 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
alimentary canal
teeth... tongue... salivary glands... liver... gal…
ingestion... secretion... mixing and propuls…
a continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
Name the accessory digestive organs
Name the six basic processes of the digestive system.
alimentary canal
a continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
teeth... tongue... salivary glands... liver... gal…
Name the accessory digestive organs
342 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
alimentary canal
teeth... tongue... salivary glands... liver... gal…
ingestion... secretion... mixing and propuls…
a continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
Name the accessory digestive organs
Name the six basic processes of the digestive system.
alimentary canal
a continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
teeth... tongue... salivary glands... liver... gal…
Name the accessory digestive organs
148 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
The digestive tracts is made up of
The accessory digestive organs include…
Ingestion takes place when
Mechanical processing the
Oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large int…
Teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancr…
Materials enter the oral cavity. An active process involving…
Crushing and shearing that makes materials easier to propel a…
The digestive tracts is made up of
Oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large int…
The accessory digestive organs include…
Teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancr…
148 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
The digestive tracts is made up of
The accessory digestive organs include…
Ingestion takes place when
Mechanical processing the
Oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large int…
Teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancr…
Materials enter the oral cavity. An active process involving…
Crushing and shearing that makes materials easier to propel a…
The digestive tracts is made up of
Oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large int…
The accessory digestive organs include…
Teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancr…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
digestive system
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
mucosa
transfers nutrients, water and electrolytes
break large food pieces into smaller food pieces
break bonds with enzymes and hydrolysis
lines lumen of digestive tract
digestive system
transfers nutrients, water and electrolytes
mechanical digestion
break large food pieces into smaller food pieces
145 terms
Anatomy physiology chapter 24
Gastrointestinal tract (alimentary can…
Accessory digestive organs
Six basic processes of digestion
Ingestion
consists of the mouth, most of the pharynx, esophagus, stomac…
consists of teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladde…
Ingestion, Secretion, Motility, Digestion, Absorption, Defeca…
taking food in
Gastrointestinal tract (alimentary can…
consists of the mouth, most of the pharynx, esophagus, stomac…
Accessory digestive organs
consists of teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladde…
83 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II Chapter 24
cellular function
homeostatic balance types
balances maintained
total body water
requires a fluid medium with a... carefully controlled composition
water balance, electrolyte balance, & acid-base balance
by the collective action of the urinary, respiratory, digesti…
TBW, Newborn baby's body weight is about 75% water... • Young me…
cellular function
requires a fluid medium with a... carefully controlled composition
homeostatic balance types
water balance, electrolyte balance, & acid-base balance
119 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24 & 26
A site at which most of the tuburlar r…
Blood supply that directly receives su…
Site of filtrate formation.
Site that drains the distal convoluted…
Proximal convoluted tubule.
Peritubular capillaries
Glomerulus
Collecting duct
A site at which most of the tuburlar r…
Proximal convoluted tubule.
Blood supply that directly receives su…
Peritubular capillaries
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Chapter 24 True/False
Beta oxidation is the initial phase of…
The increased use of noncarbohydrate m…
Except for lactose and some glycogen,…
The term essential nutrient refers to…
False
True
False
False
Beta oxidation is the initial phase of…
False
The increased use of noncarbohydrate m…
True
55 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 24
3 Types of Homeostatic Balance
Balances
Homeostatic Regulation of Kidney
Variations in Water % Composition
water balance, electrolyte balance, acid-base balance
maintained by collective action of urinary, respiratory, dige…
plays vital role in balances, closely regulated by urinary, r…
55-60% of mass in average adult
3 Types of Homeostatic Balance
water balance, electrolyte balance, acid-base balance
Balances
maintained by collective action of urinary, respiratory, dige…
133 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 24
oral cavity
pharynx
esophagus
esophageal hiatus
ingestion, mechanical processing, lubrication, mixing with sa…
common passageway for solid food, liquids, and air; muscular…
conveys solid food and liquids to the stomach
an opening in the diaphragm; innervated by fibers from the es…
oral cavity
ingestion, mechanical processing, lubrication, mixing with sa…
pharynx
common passageway for solid food, liquids, and air; muscular…
119 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
Nutrient
Essential Nutrient
Major Nutrients
Metabolism
substance in food used by body to promote normal growth, main…
can't be made by the body and must be supplied in diet
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins
biochemical reactions of body.... necessary for life.... substances…
Nutrient
substance in food used by body to promote normal growth, main…
Essential Nutrient
can't be made by the body and must be supplied in diet
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 24
metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
cellular respiration
all the chemical reactions in the body that are necessary to…
build up, synthesize
break down (digestion)
productions of ATP in cells
metabolism
all the chemical reactions in the body that are necessary to…
anabolism
build up, synthesize
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24
Which of the following is an accessory…
Sandwiched between the layer of circul…
Sensory nerve cells, parasympathetic g…
The ________ are double sheets of peri…
pancreas
myenteric plexus.
submucosal plexus.
mesenteries
Which of the following is an accessory…
pancreas
Sandwiched between the layer of circul…
myenteric plexus.
148 terms
Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 24: The Digestive System
Which of the following are part of the…
Connective tissue of the mucosa is cal…
The myenteric plexus is located in whi…
Which layer contains the myenteric ple…
liver, pancreas, gallbladder
lamina propria
muscularis
C.
Which of the following are part of the…
liver, pancreas, gallbladder
Connective tissue of the mucosa is cal…
lamina propria
109 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
What two structures constitute the ren…
Which capillary bed produces filtrate?
What is the function of the macula den…
Where in the nephron does most solute…
glomerulus and glomerular (Bowman's) capsule
glomerulus
Monitor the NaCl content of the filtrate entering the distal…
proximal convoluted tubule
What two structures constitute the ren…
glomerulus and glomerular (Bowman's) capsule
Which capillary bed produces filtrate?
glomerulus
60 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 Digestive System
alimentary canal
accessory organs
mechanical digestion
mastication
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
mastication, peristalsis, and segmentation
chewing
alimentary canal
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
accessory organs
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
which of the following is an accessory…
the ____ are double sheets of peritone…
sensory nerve cells, parasympathetic g…
sandwiched between the layer of circul…
pancreas
mesenteries
submucosal plexus
myenteric plexus
which of the following is an accessory…
pancreas
the ____ are double sheets of peritone…
mesenteries
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
What is metabolism
What is broken down in cellular respir…
What are the 3 steps involved in proce…
What are the 2 coenzymes involved in c…
sum total of all the chemical reactions occurring within the…
glucose
1- digestion in GIT, 2- nutrients used in tissues (anabolic o…
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and Flavin adenine du…
What is metabolism
sum total of all the chemical reactions occurring within the…
What is broken down in cellular respir…
glucose
60 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 Digestive System
alimentary canal
accessory organs
mechanical digestion
mastication
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
mastication, peristalsis, and segmentation
chewing
alimentary canal
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
accessory organs
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
31 terms
chapter 24 anatomy and physiology
where does fertilization usually occur
what is the term for a gamet with half…
how long is sperm viable in the vagina…
what is capacitation
uterine or fallopian tubes 12 to 24 hours after ovulation
haploid sperm and haploid secondary oocyte
sperm can remain viable in the vagina for up to 48 hours. the…
a series of functional changes that cause the sperms tail to…
where does fertilization usually occur
uterine or fallopian tubes 12 to 24 hours after ovulation
what is the term for a gamet with half…
haploid sperm and haploid secondary oocyte
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Chapter 24 True/False
Beta oxidation is the initial phase of…
The increased use of noncarbohydrate m…
Except for lactose and some glycogen,…
The term essential nutrient refers to…
False
True
False
False
Beta oxidation is the initial phase of…
False
The increased use of noncarbohydrate m…
True
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
which of the following is an accessory…
the ____ are double sheets of peritone…
sensory nerve cells, parasympathetic g…
sandwiched between the layer of circul…
pancreas
mesenteries
submucosal plexus
myenteric plexus
which of the following is an accessory…
pancreas
the ____ are double sheets of peritone…
mesenteries
63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II, Chapter 24
chemical factory; ATP; mitochondria
Nutrients
cardiovascular; nutrient pool
Catabolism
Each cell in the body is a ______ _____ that breaks down orga…
Substances in food that are used by cells to promote normal g…
The ___________ system carries raw materials throughout the b…
Decomposition reactions. They are exergonic, because energy i…
chemical factory; ATP; mitochondria
Each cell in the body is a ______ _____ that breaks down orga…
Nutrients
Substances in food that are used by cells to promote normal g…
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
Which of the following is an accessory…
Sandwiched between the layer of circul…
Sensory nerve cells, parasympathetic g…
The _____ are double sheets of periton…
d) pancreas
c) myenteric plexus
d) submucosal plexus
a) mesenteries
Which of the following is an accessory…
d) pancreas
Sandwiched between the layer of circul…
c) myenteric plexus
180 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II: Chapter 24 - Reproductive System
the secretory phase
lobules
seminiferous tubules
bulbo-urethral glands.
A sample of a woman's blood is analyzed for reproductive horm…
Inward projections of the tunica albuginea, known as septa, d…
Sperm production occurs in the
The small paired structures at the base of the penis that sec…
the secretory phase
A sample of a woman's blood is analyzed for reproductive horm…
lobules
Inward projections of the tunica albuginea, known as septa, d…
56 terms
Anatomy an Physiology Chapter 24
fluid compartments
intracellular and extracellular
intracellular (65%)
capillary walls and plasma membrane
areas separated by selectively permeable membranes and differ…
What are the main 2 fluid compartments?
Out of main 2, which fluid compartment is composed of the mos…
How is fluid exchanged from the different compartments?
fluid compartments
areas separated by selectively permeable membranes and differ…
intracellular and extracellular
What are the main 2 fluid compartments?
38 terms
anatomy and physiology II chapter 24
kidneys
major functions kidney
external coverings kidney
renal fossa
filter blood to remove metabolic waste... modify resulting fluid
site that regulates homeostatic functions
renal fossa... adipose capsule ... renal capsule
dense irregular connective tissue... anchors kidney to peritoneu…
kidneys
filter blood to remove metabolic waste... modify resulting fluid
major functions kidney
site that regulates homeostatic functions
33 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
what is a mineral?
what is the purpose of glucose?
what is the purpose of cholesterol?
what is the purpose of protein?
a micronutrient
exclusive energy source for neurons
precursor to hormones; maintains fluidity of plasma membrane
to build enzymes
what is a mineral?
a micronutrient
what is the purpose of glucose?
exclusive energy source for neurons
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology:Chapter 24 Vocabulary
ATP
carbohydrate
catabolism
cellular respiration
Organic molecule that stores and releases chemical energy for…
Organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; in…
Process in which living cells break down substances into simp…
Metabolic processes in which ATP is produced.
ATP
Organic molecule that stores and releases chemical energy for…
carbohydrate
Organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; in…
71 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24
Mechanical processing and chemical dig…
Makes it hard to speak or eat
Denton
Pulp cavity
Digestion refers to
If the lingual frenulum is too restrictive, an individual
The bulk of each tooth consist of mineralized matrix similar…
The chamber within a tooth that contains blood vessels and ne…
Mechanical processing and chemical dig…
Digestion refers to
Makes it hard to speak or eat
If the lingual frenulum is too restrictive, an individual
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology I Chapter 24
Agonist
Antagonist
Aspiration
Atrophy
Prime mover
Muscle that counteracts or opposes, the action of another mus…
Removal by suction of fluid from within a cyst
Loss of muscle mass and strength that occurs with the disuse…
Agonist
Prime mover
Antagonist
Muscle that counteracts or opposes, the action of another mus…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology:Chapter 24 Vocabulary
aerobic respiration
anabolism
ATP
carbohydrate
Respiration in which oxygen is consumed and glucose is broken…
Energy-requiring building phase of metabolism in which simple…
Organic molecule that stores and releases chemical energy for…
Organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; in…
aerobic respiration
Respiration in which oxygen is consumed and glucose is broken…
anabolism
Energy-requiring building phase of metabolism in which simple…
127 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 24
What are the organs of the digestive t…
What are the accessory organs?
What is digestion?
What are the functions of the digestiv…
pharynx, stomach, esophagus, colon... NOT spleen & bladder
pancreas
the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food
NOT filtration
What are the organs of the digestive t…
pharynx, stomach, esophagus, colon... NOT spleen & bladder
What are the accessory organs?
pancreas
107 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24: Digestive System
Components of the Digestive System
Digestive Tract
Regions of the Body
Functions of the Digestive System
Digestive tract, accessory organs, regions of the body.
Called the alimentary tract or canal; also called GI tract th…
Mouth/oral cavity with salivary glands and tonsils; pharynx (…
MAJOR = digestion and absorption; others = ingestion, mastica…
Components of the Digestive System
Digestive tract, accessory organs, regions of the body.
Digestive Tract
Called the alimentary tract or canal; also called GI tract th…
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 24 & 25
Waves of muscular contractions that pr…
Double sheets of peritoneal membrane t…
What is wrong in the following stateme…
An anatomical feature of the digestive…
peristalsis.
mesentery.
stomach
plicae circulares.
Waves of muscular contractions that pr…
peristalsis.
Double sheets of peritoneal membrane t…
mesentery.
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24 Review
Define anabolism
Define catabolism
Ingestion
Mechanical Processing
builds molecules that the body needs and requires energy
breaks down complex molecules into smaller molecules and rele…
consumption of a substance by an organism (mouth through esop…
chewing, swallowing, and forming a bolus
Define anabolism
builds molecules that the body needs and requires energy
Define catabolism
breaks down complex molecules into smaller molecules and rele…
117 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24: The Digestive System
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Catabolic Reactions
- Any process carried by an organism that makes or uses energy
- Using raw materials to synthesize essential compounds... - Uni…
- Decomposes substances to provide energy cells need to funct…
- Require 2 essential ingredients:... 1 Oxygen... 2 Organic molecul…
Metabolism
- Any process carried by an organism that makes or uses energy
Anabolism
- Using raw materials to synthesize essential compounds... - Uni…
Physiology Chapter 24-2
Mucus
Hormone release
Gastrin
Gastrin
Lubricates and protects intestinal lining
Triggered by the presence of chime, in the small intestine
Produced in the stomach and duodenum
Stimulates production of HCI and enzymes in the stomach, incr…
Mucus
Lubricates and protects intestinal lining
Hormone release
Triggered by the presence of chime, in the small intestine
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24/25
The renal corpuscle is made up of ____…
The term metabolism is best defined as…
Which of the following acts as the tri…
The ______ artery lies on the boundary…
C) Bowman's capsule and glomerulus
A) The sum of biochemical reactions involved in building up a…
C) The stretching of the bladder wall
C) Arcuate
The renal corpuscle is made up of ____…
C) Bowman's capsule and glomerulus
The term metabolism is best defined as…
A) The sum of biochemical reactions involved in building up a…
101 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 24 Urinary System
__ __ - superficial... Site of urine form…
Collecting ducts are in the __ __
Kidneys get __-__% of resting cardiac…
Renal Nerves are part of the __ autono…
Renal Cortex
renal medulla
20-25%
sympathetic
__ __ - superficial... Site of urine form…
Renal Cortex
Collecting ducts are in the __ __
renal medulla
123 terms
Fundamental of Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 24, 10th ed.
Borborygmus:
Cathartics:
Cholelithiasis:
Cholera:
A rumbling or gurgling sound made by the move-... ment of fluids…
Drugs that promote defecation.
The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder.
A bacterial infection of the digestive tract that causes mass…
Borborygmus:
A rumbling or gurgling sound made by the move-... ment of fluids…
Cathartics:
Drugs that promote defecation.
5 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 24 (Digestive Tract Hormones)
Secretin
CCK
Gastric Inhibitory Protein
Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
Increases bile secretion... Increases buffer secretion
Increases production and secretion of pancreatic enzymes... Rela…
Inhibits gastrin
Dilates capillaries... Stimulates intestinal gland secretion
Secretin
Increases bile secretion... Increases buffer secretion
CCK
Increases production and secretion of pancreatic enzymes... Rela…
48 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 - The Urinary System
Functions of the Urinary System (kidne…
AWETBED acronym
Kidney Anatomy
External Anatomy of Kidney
1. Formation of Calcitriol... a) (Vitamin D) helps with calcium…
*A*cid-base balance... *W*aste removal & balance... *E*rythropoeis…
1. External Anatomy of Kidney... 2. Internal Anatomy of Kidney
1. 2 Reddish, kidney bean-shaped organs in the back, retroper…
Functions of the Urinary System (kidne…
1. Formation of Calcitriol... a) (Vitamin D) helps with calcium…
AWETBED acronym
*A*cid-base balance... *W*aste removal & balance... *E*rythropoeis…
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 24 (Digestive Tract Histology)
Mesenteries
Lesser Omentum
Greater Omentum
Histological Layers
Double sheets of peritoneal (serous) membrane with b.v., nerv…
Stabilizes position of stomach... Provides access route for bloo…
Hangs from stomach like an apron, made up of adipose tissue.…
(Innermost)... Mucosa ... Submucosa... Muscularis externa... Serosa/visce…
Mesenteries
Double sheets of peritoneal (serous) membrane with b.v., nerv…
Lesser Omentum
Stabilizes position of stomach... Provides access route for bloo…
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