Study sets matching "anatomy physiology 2"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology 2"

25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 2
Yellow bone marrow
Red bone marrow
Calcium
Osteoporosis
Kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored
Kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made
A mineral stored in your bones that helps to keep your heart…
A disease that results in weak bones with lots of tiny holes…
Yellow bone marrow
Kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored
Red bone marrow
Kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch2
Atom
26
13
13
the smallest stable unit of matter
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
how many atoms are considered abundant
how many atoms are considered trace elements
Atom
the smallest stable unit of matter
26
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Q2)
Fibroblasts
Macrophages
Adipocytes
Mesenchymal
Secrete Matrix (Ex. scar tissue)
White blood cells, looks for pathogens or damaged cells (big…
Fat cells
Connective tissue stem cells, can turn into other cells
Fibroblasts
Secrete Matrix (Ex. scar tissue)
Macrophages
White blood cells, looks for pathogens or damaged cells (big…
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Blood
Plasma
Albumin
Globulins
Hematocrit
clear, straw-colored liquid portion of blood
plasma protein that helps regulate osmotic concentration
plasma proteins synthesized by liver; used for transport of g…
percentage of red blood cells in blood
Plasma
clear, straw-colored liquid portion of blood
Albumin
plasma protein that helps regulate osmotic concentration
111 terms
Anatomy&Physiology 2 (heart physiology)
pericardium
parietal layer
visceral layer
returning vessels
Double walked sac around the heart ... -composed of superficial…
Lines internal surface of fibrous pericardium
Lines surface of heart.... Visceral&Parietal separated by perica…
-right&left pulmonary veins... -superior& inferior vena cava
pericardium
Double walked sac around the heart ... -composed of superficial…
parietal layer
Lines internal surface of fibrous pericardium
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Set #2
superior
inferior
ventral
dorsal
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; the front of
toward or at the back of the body; behind
superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body
inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2
Endocrine
Respiratory
Muscular
Integument
main system that secretes regulating hormones
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
maintains posture, movement and generates most body heat. mov…
provides an outer covering of the body
Endocrine
main system that secretes regulating hormones
Respiratory
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
Anatomy and Physiology 1:2
The chemical level contains what?
The cellular level contains what?
The tissue level contains what?
What are the four basic types of tissue?
includes atoms and molecules. (Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitr…
cells (the basic structural and functional units of an organi…
tissues are groups of cells and the materials surrounding the…
Epithelial (covers body surfaces, lines hollow organs and cav…
The chemical level contains what?
includes atoms and molecules. (Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitr…
The cellular level contains what?
cells (the basic structural and functional units of an organi…
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 2
stratum corneum
stratum lucidum
stratum granulosum
stratum spinosum
the most superficial layer of the skin, in this observable la…
layer of the epidermis found only in calloused skin, made of…
small layer in which the keratinocytes have a granular appear…
in this layer the pushing force of newly created cells and th…
stratum corneum
the most superficial layer of the skin, in this observable la…
stratum lucidum
layer of the epidermis found only in calloused skin, made of…
74 terms
Lab 2 Anatomy and Physiology 2
Parotid
Hard palate
Soft palate
Uvula
Largest salivary gland
composed of maxillary and palatine bones
Posterior to the hard palate
Soft appendage that hangs from the roof of the mouth
Parotid
Largest salivary gland
Hard palate
composed of maxillary and palatine bones
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology terms - set 2
carpal
abdominal
acromial
antebrachial
carpal
abdominal
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
PROTON
NEUTRON
ATOMIC NUMBER
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
UNCHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
NUMBER OF PROTONS IN NUCLEUS
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
PROTON
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
292 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2: Final
Control Ion/Fluid Balance, Control Blo…
Kidneys, Ureter, Urinary Bladder, Uret…
Produce Urine, Regulate Body Fluid
Dorsal Superior Abdominal
The 3 functions of the Urinary System:
The 4 organs involved in the Urinary System:
The 2 major functions of the kidney:
The kidneys are found in the ________ cavity.
Control Ion/Fluid Balance, Control Blo…
The 3 functions of the Urinary System:
Kidneys, Ureter, Urinary Bladder, Uret…
The 4 organs involved in the Urinary System:
Anatomy & Physiology: Unit 2
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
division of nucleus that creates two daughter nuclei
first part of cell division where chromatin coils into chromo…
second part of cell division where chromosomes are aligned in…
third part of cell division where the centromere splits, chro…
Mitosis
division of nucleus that creates two daughter nuclei
Prophase
first part of cell division where chromatin coils into chromo…
137 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2: Exam 2
blood
blood volume
blood cells, plasma
red blood cells, white blood cells, pl…
CT... Transports Vital Substances... Maintains Stability of Interst…
*About 5L... Varies with: Body, Changes in Fluid + Electrolyte C…
Blood Composition (Formed Elements)
blood cells... ~45% (Hct) "Hematocrit"
blood
CT... Transports Vital Substances... Maintains Stability of Interst…
blood volume
*About 5L... Varies with: Body, Changes in Fluid + Electrolyte C…
Anatomy & Physiology Review 2
abdominal
palms and soles
vesicles
amino acids
Which ventral cavity subdivision has no bony protection?
Sebaceous glands are NOT present.
Membranous sacs that transports substances into and out of th…
The building blocks of proteins are:
abdominal
Which ventral cavity subdivision has no bony protection?
palms and soles
Sebaceous glands are NOT present.
147 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Vocabulary 2
Anatomic Position
Name the anatomic planes
Sagittal Plane
Frontal Plane
Standing upright... Feet parallel and on the floor... Head level an…
Sagittal... Frontal ... Transverse
Divides body in right and left parts.... Variations: midsagittal…
(coronal plate) is ... parallel to forehead. Divides body... into a…
Anatomic Position
Standing upright... Feet parallel and on the floor... Head level an…
Name the anatomic planes
Sagittal... Frontal ... Transverse
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Anatomy and Physiology 2: HEART
Description of the heart
Coverings of Heart
Pericarditis
Heart Wall (3 layers)
-Size of a fist ... -Snow-cone shaped... -Weighs less than a pound…
-Heart enclosed in a double-walled sac: pericardium... -Outer: F…
Inflammation of the Pericardium; caused by bacterial infectio…
1. Epicardium: same as visceral layer of serous pericardium…
Description of the heart
-Size of a fist ... -Snow-cone shaped... -Weighs less than a pound…
Coverings of Heart
-Heart enclosed in a double-walled sac: pericardium... -Outer: F…
87 terms
anatomy and physiology 2 exam 3
afterload
aldosterone
aldosteronism
anamnestic response
pressure that must be exceeded before ejection of the bood fr…
hormone from the adrenal cortex that increase blood volume
high levels of aldosterone
the response your body has to the second time your body encou…
afterload
pressure that must be exceeded before ejection of the bood fr…
aldosterone
hormone from the adrenal cortex that increase blood volume
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Test 1
TBD
TBD
Nervous system produces a quicker resp…
Amino acid derivates and lipid derivat…
How do endocrine glands differ from exocrine glands?
What are hormones and how do they differ from neurotransmitte…
Which system produces a quicker response, nervous or endocrin…
What are the chemical classes of hormones?
TBD
How do endocrine glands differ from exocrine glands?
TBD
What are hormones and how do they differ from neurotransmitte…
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Lab 2
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metephase
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromatin condense into chromosomes
chromosomes align along the middle of the cell
Mitosis
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
Interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
solid, liquid, and gas
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
what are the three states of matter?
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
115 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 2
kinetic energy
potential energy
chemical energy
electrical energy
energy in motion
possible energy pent up
stored in the bonds of chemical substances. goes from potenti…
when charged particles move together
kinetic energy
energy in motion
potential energy
possible energy pent up
122 terms
Anatomy and Physiology exam 2
What are the functions of the skeleton…
What is the skeleton (skeletal system)…
Are bones alive?
Describe the anatomy of a long bone.
1. The skeleton supports the body and cradles some of the org…
The skeletal system is composed of 208 bones... Hyaline cartilag…
yes
The middle of the bone is called the Diaphysis, while the end…
What are the functions of the skeleton…
1. The skeleton supports the body and cradles some of the org…
What is the skeleton (skeletal system)…
The skeletal system is composed of 208 bones... Hyaline cartilag…
Anatomy and Physiology: Module 2
axial muscles
appendicular muscles
trapezius
actions of the trapezius
any of the skeletal muscles of the trunk or head
any of the muscles of the upper or lower limbs
a large superficial muscle that extends from the occipital bo…
rotation, retraction, elevation, and depression movements of…
axial muscles
any of the skeletal muscles of the trunk or head
appendicular muscles
any of the muscles of the upper or lower limbs
2.1 Anatomy & Physiology
Atom
Proton
Nuetron
Electron
Smallest unit of matter; composed of subatomic particles ex:…
Positive electrical charge
Electrically neutral; uncharged
Negative electrical charge
Atom
Smallest unit of matter; composed of subatomic particles ex:…
Proton
Positive electrical charge
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Lab Exam
right and left brachiocephalic veins (…
superior vena cava (1)
inferior vena cava (9)
opening to the coronary sinus (6)
13/12
1
9
6
right and left brachiocephalic veins (…
13/12
superior vena cava (1)
1
57 terms
Anatomy and physiology 2- Blood
blood
plasma
albumin
platelets
fluid connective tissue
90% water... -contains nutrients, gases, hormones, wastes, prote…
60% of plasma protein... maintains osmotic pressure... blood buffer…
forms blood clots
blood
fluid connective tissue
plasma
90% water... -contains nutrients, gases, hormones, wastes, prote…
112 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Anatomical position
Prone position
Supine position
Trendelenburg
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
The patient is laying face upward on the back.
The head of the bed is lower than the patients feet. This pos…
Anatomical position
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
Prone position
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
49 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Integumentary (2)
Skin (integument)
Hypodermis (superficial fascia)
Epidermis
Four or five distinct layers (epidermis)
consists of two distinct regions... 1. epidermis- superficial re…
-Subcutaneous layer deep to skin ... -Not part of skin but share…
-Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
-Stratum basale... -Stratum spinosum... -Stratum granulosum... -Stratu…
Skin (integument)
consists of two distinct regions... 1. epidermis- superficial re…
Hypodermis (superficial fascia)
-Subcutaneous layer deep to skin ... -Not part of skin but share…
37 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Lab Quiz 2
Epithelial
Connective
Muscle
Nervous
Tissue type that lines and covers; contains more cells than m…
Tissue type that is more matrix than cells
Tissue type that contracts to create movement
Tissue type that carries electrical signals throughout the body
Epithelial
Tissue type that lines and covers; contains more cells than m…
Connective
Tissue type that is more matrix than cells
anatomy & physiology exam 2
epithelial
connective
muscle
nervous
tissue that forms barrier to protect exposed surfaces, lines…
tissue that (not just ligaments and tendons) but basically al…
tissue that is responsible for support, movement, and heat ge…
tissue that's responsible for controlling other organs, recei…
epithelial
tissue that forms barrier to protect exposed surfaces, lines…
connective
tissue that (not just ligaments and tendons) but basically al…
115 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 MIDTERM
hormone
endocrine glands
endocrinology
steroids
chemical secreted by an endocrine gland into the blood that c…
ductless glads that secret hormones, usually into the blood f…
the study of the endocrine system
lipid-soluble hormones such as estrogen, testosterone, and co…
hormone
chemical secreted by an endocrine gland into the blood that c…
endocrine glands
ductless glads that secret hormones, usually into the blood f…
Anatomy & Physiology 2: Heart practical
Bicuspid - mitral valve
Left Atrium
Left Ventricle
aortic Semilunar Valve
Bicuspid - mitral valve
Left Atrium
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Atoms
Subatomic particles
Protons
Neutrons
Smallest unit of matter the retain the properties of an eleme…
Protons, neutrons, electrons
Subatomic particle with a positive charge
Subatomic particle with a neutral charge
Atoms
Smallest unit of matter the retain the properties of an eleme…
Subatomic particles
Protons, neutrons, electrons
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Task 2
Roles of Muscles
Agonist
Assisting
Antagonist
Movement (caused by contractions); Posture (hold your body up…
muscle that causes the motion
assists the movement of a prime mover but is less effective
performs the opposite motion of the prime mover
Roles of Muscles
Movement (caused by contractions); Posture (hold your body up…
Agonist
muscle that causes the motion
Anatomy and physiology 2 - Test 1
Stem cells
Hematopoiesis
Granulocytes
Agranulocytes
parent cells from which other cells are made
the production of red blood cells
group of white blood cells have granules in the cytoplasm
a non-granular white blood cell
Stem cells
parent cells from which other cells are made
Hematopoiesis
the production of red blood cells
Anatomy and Physiology 2
cardiac output (co)
venous return (vr)
end diastolic volume (edv):
stroke volume (sv):
blood volume pumped into the aorta per minute - normal averag…
blood volume returning to the right atrium per minute - is no…
blood volume in the ventricles after maximal filling - approx…
blood volume ejected from the ventricles with each systole -…
cardiac output (co)
blood volume pumped into the aorta per minute - normal averag…
venous return (vr)
blood volume returning to the right atrium per minute - is no…
86 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 2
adipocytes
adipose tissue
Desmosomes/Anchoring junction
apical
lipid storage cells
specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
mechanically attaches adjacent cells to each other or to the…
that part of a cell or tissue which, in general, faces an ope…
adipocytes
lipid storage cells
adipose tissue
specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
17 terms
Anatomy&Physiology (2)
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Osteoblasts
osteocytes
- The hard outer layer of bones is composed of compact bone t…
-Filling the interior of the organ is the spongy bone tissue…
- cell responsible for bone growth
-mature bone cell that maintains the bone matrix
Compact bone
- The hard outer layer of bones is composed of compact bone t…
Spongy Bone
-Filling the interior of the organ is the spongy bone tissue…
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 1-2
Atomic Number
Mass Number
Valence Shell
Cation
the number of protons in an atom
the number of protons and neutrons in an atom
the outermost shell of electrons
a positively charged ion, made through ionic bonding
Atomic Number
the number of protons in an atom
Mass Number
the number of protons and neutrons in an atom
2.5 Anatomy & Physiology
Decompostion
Hydrolysis
Catabolism
Synthesis
AB ------> A + B... Breaks a molecule into smaller fragments; o…
A-B + H2O ----> A-H + OH-B... ... Decomposition involving water
CD ----> C + D + Energy... When a covalent bond (a form of pote…
A + B -------> AB... Assembles smaller molecules into larger mo…
Decompostion
AB ------> A + B... Breaks a molecule into smaller fragments; o…
Hydrolysis
A-B + H2O ----> A-H + OH-B... ... Decomposition involving water
60 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary #2
plasma membrane
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
glycolipids
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
Water loving
Water hating
Membrane carbohydrates that are covalently bonded to lipids.…
plasma membrane
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
hydrophilic
Water loving
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 2
Atoms
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Basic building blocks of matter
(p+) positively charged subatomic particles, mass of 1 amu
(n) charge-less subatomic particles, mass of 1 amu
(e-) negatively charged subatomic particles, virtually weight…
Atoms
Basic building blocks of matter
Protons
(p+) positively charged subatomic particles, mass of 1 amu
67 terms
anatomy and physiology week 2
Covalent
Ionic
Ions
molecule
this bond involves a sharing of electrons between the atoms i…
When electrons are transferred from one atom to another
atoms or group of atoms with a positive or negative charge... ca…
when two or more atoms unite
Covalent
this bond involves a sharing of electrons between the atoms i…
Ionic
When electrons are transferred from one atom to another
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Heart
left ventricle
mediastinum
limits movement of the heart within th…
fibrous pericardium
the apex of the heart is composed mostly of which chamber
within what body compartment is the heart located
what is the function of the pericardial sac
what is a non-elastic tissue layer that composes the outermos…
left ventricle
the apex of the heart is composed mostly of which chamber
mediastinum
within what body compartment is the heart located
42 terms
Lab 1 Anatomy and physiology 2
Pituitary gland
What are the parts of the pituitary gl…
Anterior lobe
What hormones is released in the anter…
-located within the brain... -two halfs which is the anterior lo…
Anterior and posterior lobe
- composed of epitheal tissue... -is called adenohypophysis... -rel…
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), adrenocorticotropic hormon…
Pituitary gland
-located within the brain... -two halfs which is the anterior lo…
What are the parts of the pituitary gl…
Anterior and posterior lobe
136 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Practical 2
Lymph Node Anatomy
Spleen Anatomy
Major Lymphatic Vessels
Thymus Tissue and Location
Lymph Node Anatomy
Spleen Anatomy
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