Study sets matching "anatomy physiology cardiology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology cardiology"

303 terms
Cardiology - Anatomy and Physiology
The SA and AV nodes are usually suppli…
The [...] nodes are usually supplied b…
Right dominant circulation occurs in 8…
Left-dominant circulation occurs in 8%…
SA and AV nodes are supplied by the Right Coronary Artery (RC…
SA and AV nodes are supplied by the right coronary artery (RC…
Posterior Descending Artery (PDA)... pg 272
Left Circumflex artery (LCX)... pg 272
The SA and AV nodes are usually suppli…
SA and AV nodes are supplied by the Right Coronary Artery (RC…
The [...] nodes are usually supplied b…
SA and AV nodes are supplied by the right coronary artery (RC…
71 terms
FA Cardiology- Anatomy & Physiology
The SA and AV nodes are supplied by wh…
Coronary artery occlusion occurs most…
When does coronary blood flow peak?
What area of the heart is supplied by…
Right coronary artery.... Infarct of the RCA may cause nodal dys…
Left anterior descending (LAD). It supplies the anterior 2/3…
In early diastole
Lateral and posterior walls of the LV, anterolateral papillar…
The SA and AV nodes are supplied by wh…
Right coronary artery.... Infarct of the RCA may cause nodal dys…
Coronary artery occlusion occurs most…
Left anterior descending (LAD). It supplies the anterior 2/3…
103 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Cardiology
3 Types of Blood Vessel Layers
Tunica intima tissue type and function
Tunica media
Tunica externa
Tunica intima... Tunica media... Tunica externa
Simple squamous epithelium that is selectively permeable, sec…
Smooth muscle, elastic tissue and collagen, vasoconstriction
Loose connective tissue
3 Types of Blood Vessel Layers
Tunica intima... Tunica media... Tunica externa
Tunica intima tissue type and function
Simple squamous epithelium that is selectively permeable, sec…
8 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Cardiology
Pertaining to the lungs and heart
Pertaining to the heart and thoracic c…
Body system that includes the heart an…
Circular route that the blood takes as…
Cardiopulmonary
Cardiothoracic
Cardiovascular system
Circulatory system
Pertaining to the lungs and heart
Cardiopulmonary
Pertaining to the heart and thoracic c…
Cardiothoracic
Cardiology Anatomy & Physiology
Myocardium
Endocardium
Pericardium
Four chambers of the heart
thick muscular wall
inner membrane that lines the chamber and the valves
-thick tough sac covering the heart and vessels... -normally con…
left and right atria (upper)... left and right ventricles (lower)
Myocardium
thick muscular wall
Endocardium
inner membrane that lines the chamber and the valves
41 terms
Cardiology Anatomy and Physiology Material
The vena cavae empty into what structu…
What structure receives myocardial ven…
Where is the SA node located?
What is the most posterior chamber of…
Right atrium.
Right atrium.
Right atrium.
Left atrium.
The vena cavae empty into what structu…
Right atrium.
What structure receives myocardial ven…
Right atrium.
38 terms
Cardiology anatomy and physiology
SA / AV nodal supply (usually)
Dominance of circulation defined as wh…
What percentage of hearts have right-d…
Which ocronary artery is most commonly…
RCA
Posterior descending artery
85%
LAD
SA / AV nodal supply (usually)
RCA
Dominance of circulation defined as wh…
Posterior descending artery
64 terms
Cardiology - Anatomy & Physiology
What determines Right or Left dominance?
When does coronary blood flow peak?
Enlargement of the LA can have which s…
Why do you see an increased pulse pres…
Right Dominant - RCA supplies PDA ... Left Dominant - LCA suppli…
Diastole... as blood rushes back towards the AV in diastole, it…
Dysphagia - compression of esophagus... Hoarseness - compression…
Increased Sympathetic Tone
What determines Right or Left dominance?
Right Dominant - RCA supplies PDA ... Left Dominant - LCA suppli…
When does coronary blood flow peak?
Diastole... as blood rushes back towards the AV in diastole, it…
50 terms
Cardiology - Anatomy and Physiology
what are the upper 2 chambers of the h…
what are the 2 lower chambers of the h…
where is the apex of the heart?
where is the heart in relation to the…
right and left atrium
right and left ventricles
the pointy lower left end
It lies in-between the right and left lung, slightly more to…
what are the upper 2 chambers of the h…
right and left atrium
what are the 2 lower chambers of the h…
right and left ventricles
25 terms
Cardiology Anatomy and Physiology
Myocardium
Endocardium
Pericardium
Pericardial Effusion
Muscular Wall of Heart
Inner membrane that lines chambers and valves of heart
Outer membrane covering heart and vessels ... - Normall contains…
Filling of the thoracic cavity with fluid
Myocardium
Muscular Wall of Heart
Endocardium
Inner membrane that lines chambers and valves of heart
38 terms
Cardiology anatomy and physiology
Adrenergic
Afterload
Angina pectoris
Aortic valve
Having the characteristics of the sympathetic division of the…
The pressure at which the ventricles must pump to eject blood
Chest discomfort or other related symptoms of sudden onset th…
SL valve on the left of the heart; separates the left ventric…
Adrenergic
Having the characteristics of the sympathetic division of the…
Afterload
The pressure at which the ventricles must pump to eject blood
Cardiology Anatomy and Physiology
cardiopulmonary
cardiothoracic
cardiovascular system
circulatory system
pertaining to the heart and lungs
pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
body system that includes heart and blood vessels (vascular s…
circular route that the blood takes as it movers through the…
cardiopulmonary
pertaining to the heart and lungs
cardiothoracic
pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
32 terms
Cardiology- Anatomy and Physiology
heart
atrium
ventricle
septum
Most important muscle in the body. Contracts once every secon…
small upper chamber
large lower chamber
central wall, divides the heart into right and left sides
heart
Most important muscle in the body. Contracts once every secon…
atrium
small upper chamber
Anatomy & Physiology: Cardiology
acidosis
anemia
aplastic anemia
embolism
condition in which there is too much acid in the blood
deficient RBC's or hemoglobin in the blood
low RBCs caused by the destruction of myeloid tissue in the b…
obstruction of a blood vessel by foreign matter
acidosis
condition in which there is too much acid in the blood
anemia
deficient RBC's or hemoglobin in the blood
35 terms
Cardiology Unit - Anatomy & Physiology
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic Circuit
Base (of heart)
Apex
carries blood to and from the gas exchange surfaces of the lu…
transports blood to and from the rest of the body outside of…
superior portion of heart
inferior pointed portion of heart
Pulmonary Circuit
carries blood to and from the gas exchange surfaces of the lu…
Systemic Circuit
transports blood to and from the rest of the body outside of…
cardiology anatomy & physiology
pulmonary artery
pulmonary vein
valves
passively
the only artery to carry de-oxygenated blood
the only vein to carry oxygenated blood
allow only one way flow of blood through the heart & prevent…
the heart valves open and close _____ .
pulmonary artery
the only artery to carry de-oxygenated blood
pulmonary vein
the only vein to carry oxygenated blood
15 terms
Cardiology anatomy and physiology
What supplies blood to the heart?
Branches of Right coronary artery, in…
Branches of the Left coronary artery,…
Where do the left and right coronary a…
Right and Left coronary arteries
1.Acute marginal branches,... 2. Atrioventricular (AV nodal bran…
1. Left anterior descending artery... -septal branches... -diagonal…
The root of the Aorta
What supplies blood to the heart?
Right and Left coronary arteries
Branches of Right coronary artery, in…
1.Acute marginal branches,... 2. Atrioventricular (AV nodal bran…
126 terms
USMLE cardiology (embryology, anatomy and physiology)
what are the 5 dilatations of the prim…
Name the structure in the mature heart…
Name the structure in the mature heart…
Name the structure in the mature heart…
1. truncus arteriosus... 2.bulbus cordis... 3. primitive ventricle…
ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk
smooth parts of left (aortic vestibule) and right (conus arte…
trabeculated parts of left and right ventricle
what are the 5 dilatations of the prim…
1. truncus arteriosus... 2.bulbus cordis... 3. primitive ventricle…
Name the structure in the mature heart…
ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk
Cardiology: anatomy and physiology study cards
P50
Right shift oxygen-Hbg curve
Left shift oxygen-Hbg curve
Maxillary Artery
The PaO2 on oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve ar which Hbg…
Shifts P50 to right ... Hbg has less affinity for Oxygen... Need hi…
Shifts P50 to left... Lower PaO2 for 50% saturation... Increased af…
1st Aortic Arch derivative
P50
The PaO2 on oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve ar which Hbg…
Right shift oxygen-Hbg curve
Shifts P50 to right ... Hbg has less affinity for Oxygen... Need hi…
55 terms
VNT II Cardiology Anatomy And Physiology
What is the myocardium?
What is the endocardium?
What is the pericardium?
The heart has __ upper chambers and __…
thick muscular wall of the heart
inner membrane that lines the chamber and the valves of the h…
Thin tough sac covering the heart and vessels . ... Normally con…
2,2
What is the myocardium?
thick muscular wall of the heart
What is the endocardium?
inner membrane that lines the chamber and the valves of the h…
113 terms
Cardiology Anatomy
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasm
Nucleus
Mitochondria
invaginates to form T-tubules that extend into the sarcoplasm…
Cytoplasm of a cardiac cell
A membrane‐bound organelle in eukaryotic cells functioning to…
cardiac muscle has numerous of these
Sarcolemma
invaginates to form T-tubules that extend into the sarcoplasm…
Sarcoplasm
Cytoplasm of a cardiac cell
77 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19 Cardiology Review
The myocardium receives its blood supp…
Cardiac muscle has more mitochondria a…
Anastomoses among coronary arterial br…
Congestive heart failure means that th…
True
False - Does depend on oxygen
True
True
The myocardium receives its blood supp…
True
Cardiac muscle has more mitochondria a…
False - Does depend on oxygen
104 terms
Physiology: Cardiology
Blood in left ventricle goes where?
Blood in right ventricle goes where?
When body is working hard, how much bl…
What is relationship (equation) for fl…
Aorta
Pulmonary artery
25L/min vs 5L/min
changePressure / Resistance
Blood in left ventricle goes where?
Aorta
Blood in right ventricle goes where?
Pulmonary artery
Cardiology physiology
Pericardium
Endocardium
Myocardium
b/w atria and ventricles
Fibrous sac surrounding heart (reduces friction)Heart is enca…
interior lining of heart
heart wall composed of cardiac muscle cells.
Right AV: Tricuspid... Left AV: Bicuspid
Pericardium
Fibrous sac surrounding heart (reduces friction)Heart is enca…
Endocardium
interior lining of heart
105 terms
Physiology Cardiology
Distribution of dissolved gases and ot…
1. fast chemical signaling to cells by…
2. parietal layer of the serous perica…
Epicardium... (visceral layer... of serous... p…
What is the primary function of the cardiovascular system?
What are the secondary functions of the cardiovascular system?
The layers of the pulmonary trunk? 1. fibrous pericardium... 2.…
what layers make up the heart wall?
Distribution of dissolved gases and ot…
What is the primary function of the cardiovascular system?
1. fast chemical signaling to cells by…
What are the secondary functions of the cardiovascular system?
16 terms
Physiology- Cardiology
Cardiac Output
Venous Return
Preload
Afterload
amount of blood ejected by ventricles into the circulation (b…
amount of blood returned to the atria from the circulation (b…
measure of ventricular volume/pressure at full filling (end d…
measure of pressure against which the ventricle is ejecting b…
Cardiac Output
amount of blood ejected by ventricles into the circulation (b…
Venous Return
amount of blood returned to the atria from the circulation (b…
46 terms
Cardiology ch 1 Normal cardiac Anatomy and Physiology
Two circulatory systems are?
The heart is the ____ _____ in the car…
The "Right Side of The Heart" is assoc…
The "Left Side of The Heart" is associ…
Pulmonary Circulatory System & Systemic Circulatory System
Primary Organ
Pulmonary Circulatory System
Systemic Circulatory System
Two circulatory systems are?
Pulmonary Circulatory System & Systemic Circulatory System
The heart is the ____ _____ in the car…
Primary Organ
33 terms
Cardiology Physiology
Tachyphylaxis
Cortisol's role in permissiveness
Action potential of cardiac muscle
ECG waves and what they mean
rapidly diminishing response to successive doses of a drug, r…
when one hormone allows another to exert it's maximal effect.…
Phase 4: resting potential of-90 (during diastole). Lower tha…
Tachyphylaxis
rapidly diminishing response to successive doses of a drug, r…
Cortisol's role in permissiveness
when one hormone allows another to exert it's maximal effect.…
25 terms
Cardiology Anatomy
Artery
Vein
Hypotension
Hypertension
carries oxygenated blood from the heart
carries deoxygenated blood to the heart
low-blood pressure
high-blood pressure
Artery
carries oxygenated blood from the heart
Vein
carries deoxygenated blood to the heart
126 terms
cardiology anatomy
thoracic skeleton consists of
sternum
the articulation btwn the manubrium an…
three parts of the sternum
- sternum... - 12 pairs of ribs and their associated costal car…
flat elongated bone that forms the anterior and middle portio…
sternal angle
manubrium, body, xiphoid process
thoracic skeleton consists of
- sternum... - 12 pairs of ribs and their associated costal car…
sternum
flat elongated bone that forms the anterior and middle portio…
79 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 5 Cardiology: word building (anatomy and physiology)
cardi/o-
-logy
vascul/o-
-ar
heart
the study of
blood vessel
pertaining to
cardi/o-
heart
-logy
the study of
101 terms
Cardiology Physiology
CO =
Four determinants of CO
MAP =
Pulse pressure =
CO = SV x HR... CO = rate of O2 consumption/(arterial O2 content…
Preload, afterload, contractility, heart rate
MAP = CO x TPR... MAP = 2/3DBP + 1/3SBP
Pulse pressure = SBP-DBP... Proportional to SV; inversely to art…
CO =
CO = SV x HR... CO = rate of O2 consumption/(arterial O2 content…
Four determinants of CO
Preload, afterload, contractility, heart rate
167 terms
Cardiology Anatomy
Arteries
Elastic Arteries
Marfan Syndrome, Elastic Arteries
Arachnodactyly, Marfan Syndrome
conduct blood away from the heart: to the peripheral circulat…
Conducting vessels... large aa. exit from the heart and and hav…
Autosomal dominant defect in fibrillin synthesis... Resulting i…
Condition in which the fingers and toes are abnormally long a…
Arteries
conduct blood away from the heart: to the peripheral circulat…
Elastic Arteries
Conducting vessels... large aa. exit from the heart and and hav…
Cardiology Anatomy
Heart
Myocardium
Mediastinum
Pericardium
A hollow muscular organ that pumps blood through out the body.
The cardiac muscle
The space between the lungs, in the center of the chest, that…
The double layered sack that containing the heart, and the or…
Heart
A hollow muscular organ that pumps blood through out the body.
Myocardium
The cardiac muscle
Cardiology (anatomy)
Another name for biscupid valve
Another name for heart attack
Medical term for chest pain
Medical term for heart muscle
Mitral valve
Myocardial infarction
Myocarditis
Cardiac muscle
Another name for biscupid valve
Mitral valve
Another name for heart attack
Myocardial infarction
36 terms
Anatomy - Cardiology
Diaphragm and intercostal muscles are…
Thoracic wall contains
Thoracic cavity contains
What is the blood supply of the thorax?
autonomically; SOMATICALLY
ribs, intercostal muscles, sternum
lungs, heart, muscles, blood vessels
internal thoracic arteries, posterior intercostal artery, ant…
Diaphragm and intercostal muscles are…
autonomically; SOMATICALLY
Thoracic wall contains
ribs, intercostal muscles, sternum
Cardiology Physiology
Parasympathetic neurons release_______…
Sympathetic neurons release __________…
CO=
Risk factors of Atheroscerosis:
Acetylcholine
-Norepinephrine... -Increases
Heart Rate X Stroke Volume... Ex: 70 bpm X70 ml/beat = 4900 ml/m…
Elevated LDL... Low HDL... Smoking... Hypertension... Diabetes... Obesity... Fa…
Parasympathetic neurons release_______…
Acetylcholine
Sympathetic neurons release __________…
-Norepinephrine... -Increases
104 terms
Cardiology Anatomy
What is superior to the Mediastinum?
What is inferior to the mediastinum?
What is Anterior to the mediastinum?
What is posterior to the mediastinum?
Thoracic inlet
diaphragm
Sternum and costal cartilages
thoracic vertebrae
What is superior to the Mediastinum?
Thoracic inlet
What is inferior to the mediastinum?
diaphragm
29 terms
Anatomy: Cardiology
Differentiate between Internal, extern…
What does the vertebral artery supply?
List 3 of the branches of the external…
Carotid body tumour... What are relevant…
Internal carotid artery has no branches in the neck - it lies…
Brain within the Posterior cranial fossa... (check)
Superficial temporal artery... Superior thyroid artery... Inferior…
Carotid body can develop into a tumour. Dx by swelling, massa…
Differentiate between Internal, extern…
Internal carotid artery has no branches in the neck - it lies…
What does the vertebral artery supply?
Brain within the Posterior cranial fossa... (check)
104 terms
Cardiology Anatomy
What is superior to the Mediastinum?
What is inferior to the mediastinum?
What is Anterior to the mediastinum?
What is posterior to the mediastinum?
Thoracic inlet
diaphragm
Sternum and costal cartilages
thoracic vertebrae
What is superior to the Mediastinum?
Thoracic inlet
What is inferior to the mediastinum?
diaphragm
22 terms
Cardiology Physiology
What is Cardiac Output?
What is Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP)?
How is cardiac output maintained in ex…
What is Pulse Pressure?
-volume of blood pumped by the heart per minute (mL blood/min…
-an average blood pressure in an individual... -the average *ar…
Early: both heart rate and stroke volume increase... Late:…
-How much force the heart generates per contraction ... PP=Syst…
What is Cardiac Output?
-volume of blood pumped by the heart per minute (mL blood/min…
What is Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP)?
-an average blood pressure in an individual... -the average *ar…
Cardiology anatomy
Hematocrit
Rh factor
Type O
Blood types
Percentage of red blood cells by volume
3rd surface protein not related to A or B
Contains no surface proteins
ABO
Hematocrit
Percentage of red blood cells by volume
Rh factor
3rd surface protein not related to A or B
Physiology Chapter 13: Cardiology
functions of the circulatory system
components of the circulatory system
cardiovascular system consists of
lymphatic system consists of
1) transportation of gases, nutrients, and wastes... 2) regulati…
1) cardiovascular system... 2) lymphatic system
heart and blood vessels
lymphatic vessels, lymphoid tissues, lymphatic organs
functions of the circulatory system
1) transportation of gases, nutrients, and wastes... 2) regulati…
components of the circulatory system
1) cardiovascular system... 2) lymphatic system
Cardiology - Anatomy
la valve (aortique, mitrale)
le flux (sanguin)
le vaisseau (sanguin)
le bruit (du cœur)
(aortic, mitral) valve
(blood) flow
(blood) vessel
(heart) sound
la valve (aortique, mitrale)
(aortic, mitral) valve
le flux (sanguin)
(blood) flow
36 terms
First Aid - Cardiology Physiology
P wave
PR interval
QRS complex
QT interval
atrial depolarization
time from start of atrial depolarization to ventricular depol…
ventricular depolarization (<120ms)
Ventricular depolarization, mechanical contraction of the ven…
P wave
atrial depolarization
PR interval
time from start of atrial depolarization to ventricular depol…
Cardiology - Anatomy
Atrioventricular Valves
Semilunar Valves
Ventricular Filling
Ventricular Contraction
Tricuspid, Mitral (ATM)
Pulmonary, Aortic (SAP)
Diastole
Systole
Atrioventricular Valves
Tricuspid, Mitral (ATM)
Semilunar Valves
Pulmonary, Aortic (SAP)
29 terms
Physiology Cardiology Blood Flow
What are the 3 parts to the basic theo…
What monitors the needs of tissues?
What is the purpose of the circulatory…
What is the driving force for the circ…
Blood flow meets the needs of tissues, Cardiac out is mainly…
Micro vessels
To create a controllable convection system for the transport…
perfusion pressure
What are the 3 parts to the basic theo…
Blood flow meets the needs of tissues, Cardiac out is mainly…
What monitors the needs of tissues?
Micro vessels
447 terms
Physiology Test I - Cardiology
What are the general functions of the…
What types of homeostatic mechanisms d…
What are the major components of the c…
What is the heart's primary function?
- Transportation and distribution... - Regulation of homeostatic…
Distribution of nutrients (glucose, oxygen, etc.), blood volu…
Heart, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins
As a pump
What are the general functions of the…
- Transportation and distribution... - Regulation of homeostatic…
What types of homeostatic mechanisms d…
Distribution of nutrients (glucose, oxygen, etc.), blood volu…
Physiology Test III: Cardiology
Conducting System
Contractile Cells
Cardiac Cycle
Electrocardiogram
Cardiac muscle cells that:... -control and coordinate heartbeat…
Cardiac muscle cells that produce contractions
Begins with action potential at SA node which is transmitted…
Recording of electrical events in the hear, obtained by placi…
Conducting System
Cardiac muscle cells that:... -control and coordinate heartbeat…
Contractile Cells
Cardiac muscle cells that produce contractions
17 terms
Cardiology anatomy
5 layers of heart
internal features of right atrium
foramen ovalis
features of tricuspid valve
fibrous pericardium, parietal serous pericardium, visceral se…
pectinate muscle (rough wall), right auricle, crista terminal…
embryological feature to bypass right ventricle because lungs…
septal cusp, anterior cusp, chordae tendineae (anchor cusps t…
5 layers of heart
fibrous pericardium, parietal serous pericardium, visceral se…
internal features of right atrium
pectinate muscle (rough wall), right auricle, crista terminal…
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