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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology cells biology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology cells biology"

68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
66 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cell Biology
cytoplasm, nucleus, plasma membrane
cytosol and organelles
houses the cell's DNA
chromosome
three main parts of a cell
two components of cytoplasm
function of nucleus
single molecule of DNA associated with several proteins and c…
cytoplasm, nucleus, plasma membrane
three main parts of a cell
cytosol and organelles
two components of cytoplasm
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cell Biology
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Where chromosomes (made of DNA) are stored
Where proteins are made in a cell and are throughout the cyto…
A system of membranes that extends throughout much of the cyt…
A stack of membranous sacs in which various molecules are man…
Nucleus
Where chromosomes (made of DNA) are stored
Ribosomes
Where proteins are made in a cell and are throughout the cyto…
20 terms
anatomy & physiology - cell biology
Determine the sequence of the followin…
Receptor-mediated endocytosis
The plasma membrane
The sacs containing hydrolytic enzymes…
the chemical signal combined with a cytoplasmic receptor, an…
exhibits specificity.
regulates movement of materials into and out of the cell.
lysosomes.
Determine the sequence of the followin…
the chemical signal combined with a cytoplasmic receptor, an…
Receptor-mediated endocytosis
exhibits specificity.
18 terms
anatomy and physiology-- cell biology
Cell Membrane
Microvilli
Nuclear Membrane
nucleolus
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
Tiny hair-like projections of the cytoplasmic membrane locate…
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
The organelle where ribosomes are made, synthesized and parti…
Cell Membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
Microvilli
Tiny hair-like projections of the cytoplasmic membrane locate…
23 terms
Anatomy- Muscle Cell Biology and Physiology
General Structure (Histology) of Stria…
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Tendons
- Red Hued (high % of myoglobin)... - Visible Striations (in…
Skull, ribcage, vertebral column. ... -Trunk and head.
Everything outside of the Axial skeleton- appendages and pelv…
Tough, non-elastic tissues that bind MUSCLE to bone or *MUS…
General Structure (Histology) of Stria…
- Red Hued (high % of myoglobin)... - Visible Striations (in…
Axial Skeleton
Skull, ribcage, vertebral column. ... -Trunk and head.
33 terms
Biology anatomy and physiology of a cell
What does the cell membrane do?
What does the cell wall do?
What does the cytoplasm do?
What is cytoplasm made of?
holds cell contents; separates cell from outside; controls pa…
outermost structure in plant cells; tough, rigid, surrounds c…
All cellular contents; material inside cell membrane, but out…
cytosol and cytoskeleton
What does the cell membrane do?
holds cell contents; separates cell from outside; controls pa…
What does the cell wall do?
outermost structure in plant cells; tough, rigid, surrounds c…
82 terms
Biology anatomy and physiology of a cell
Cell
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
The smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of of l…
All living things are composed of one or more cells. Cells ar…
The cell's outer boundary.
The region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
Cell
The smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of of l…
Cell Theory
All living things are composed of one or more cells. Cells ar…
16 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Ch.3 Cell Biology
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Interphase
Prophase
Non-membrane bound organelles with a region of genetic materi…
Which cells contain membrane bound organelles they include a…
Which mitotic phase is known as the (nuclear envelope) and gr…
Which mitotic phase does the nucleolus disappear, and nuclear…
Prokaryotic Cells
Non-membrane bound organelles with a region of genetic materi…
Eukaryotic Cells
Which cells contain membrane bound organelles they include a…
47 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 130: Cell Biology
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Organelles
Cytoplasm/ Cytosol
Selective Barrier
DNA Storage
Compartmentalize Functions
Cytoplasm- ICF+ Organelles ... Cytosol- ICF Only
Plasma Membrane
Selective Barrier
Nucleus
DNA Storage
74 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Basic Anatomy & Cell Biology
Cell
Intracellular
Extracellular
Phospholipid
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
located or occurring within a cell or cells
situated or taking place outside a cell or cells.
a lipid containing a phosphate group in its molecule
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Intracellular
located or occurring within a cell or cells
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Midterm: Cell Biology,
3 main parts of eukaryotic cell
What kind of membrane does the plasma…
What is the role of the plasma membrane
Integral proteins
plasma membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
selectively permeable phospholipid bilayer ; allowing some th…
- Covers and protects the cell ... - Controls what goes in and w…
proteins that extend into the bilayer ; 2 types... Transmembrane…
3 main parts of eukaryotic cell
plasma membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
What kind of membrane does the plasma…
selectively permeable phospholipid bilayer ; allowing some th…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
92 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 4 (Biology of the Cell)
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Barrier of the cell keeping insides inside and what needs to…
Enclosed by a nuclear envelope, houses genetic material. Flui…
Area between plasma membrane and nucleous. Includes cytosol,…
Intracellular fluid. Fluid inside the cell. Also cytoplasmic…
Plasma Membrane
Barrier of the cell keeping insides inside and what needs to…
Nucleus
Enclosed by a nuclear envelope, houses genetic material. Flui…
30 terms
Cells ( Anatomy & Physiology)
Cells
Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Basic unit of life
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
Controlling center of the cell
Double membrane, selectively permeable with nuclear pores
Cells
Basic unit of life
Tissues
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
66 terms
biology anatomy and physiology ch 3 cells and tissues
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
cytosol
outer, limiting membrane that separates a cell's internal par…
-area between the plasma membrane and nucleus ... -fluid inside…
contains DNA and controls cell's activities. a large structur…
water and dissolved ions, proteins, amino acids, fatty acids,…
plasma membrane
outer, limiting membrane that separates a cell's internal par…
cytoplasm
-area between the plasma membrane and nucleus ... -fluid inside…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
36 terms
Generated Cell Physiology- Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Transport
Interstitial Solutions
Active vs Passive Transport
Diffusion
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Active: ... - Solutes move from low to high concentration to the…
A passive transport of molecules
Cell Transport
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
Interstitial Solutions
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
36 terms
Medical Anatomy and Physiology Review- Cell Biology Review
Nucleus
Cytosol
Organelles
Plasma Membrane
Control center, directs cell activities, contains chromosomes…
Intercellular fluid, container for organelles
Small structures within the cell, each have specific functions
Protects outer layer of the cell
Nucleus
Control center, directs cell activities, contains chromosomes…
Cytosol
Intercellular fluid, container for organelles
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4 Biology of a Cell
micrometer
light microscope
electron microscope (EM)
transmission electron microscope (TEM)
1/10000 of a centimeter
light beam, 2-D image, often use colored dyes
beam of electrons, HIGH resolution
electron beam trough a cut section of specimen, 2-D image
micrometer
1/10000 of a centimeter
light microscope
light beam, 2-D image, often use colored dyes
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 4 - Biology of the Cell
In the cell cycle, division of the cyt…
The 'coating of sugar' on the cell's s…
Match each type of RNA with it's descr…
Which of the following are common cell…
cytokinesis
glycocalyx
rRNa - structural component of ribosomes... tRNA - match amino a…
cube-like, spherical, column-like
In the cell cycle, division of the cyt…
cytokinesis
The 'coating of sugar' on the cell's s…
glycocalyx
20 terms
Cell Anatomy & Physiology - Biology Chapters 4 & 5
Plant Cell Organelles
Animal Cell Organelles
cell membrane
cell wall
1) vacuole... 2) cell membrane... 3) cell wall... 4) chloroplast... 5) cy…
1) vesicle... 2) cytoplasm... 3) nucleus... 4) nuclear membrane... 5) nuc…
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell
a rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
Plant Cell Organelles
1) vacuole... 2) cell membrane... 3) cell wall... 4) chloroplast... 5) cy…
Animal Cell Organelles
1) vesicle... 2) cytoplasm... 3) nucleus... 4) nuclear membrane... 5) nuc…
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology I Exam 1 (Cell Biology)
basic structure of the cell
functions of the cell
plasma membrane
glycocalyx
plasma membrane ... cytoplasm containing organelles... nucleus
cell metabolism and energy use... synthesis of molecules... communi…
separates intracellular and extracellular materials... productio…
combinations of carbohydrates and lipids and proteins on oute…
basic structure of the cell
plasma membrane ... cytoplasm containing organelles... nucleus
functions of the cell
cell metabolism and energy use... synthesis of molecules... communi…
36 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 3: Cells
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
NUCLEUS
CYTOPLASM
ORGANELLES
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
FILL OUT THE CELLS FLUID AREA
SPECIALIZED STRUCTURES INSIDE THE CELL
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
NUCLEUS
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
59 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Lecture 3- Chemistry, Cell Biology, and Cell Physiology
Element
Atom
Proton
Neutron
contains atoms with the same number of protons and cannot be…
subunits of elements that are identical in nature. ... Composed…
single positive charge inside the nucleus
neutral charge inside the nucleus
Element
contains atoms with the same number of protons and cannot be…
Atom
subunits of elements that are identical in nature. ... Composed…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cell Vocab
organelle
nuclear membrane
cell membrane
endoplasmic reticulum
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which pr…
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
nuclear membrane
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
17 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 3 Cell Biology
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Organelles
Forms the outer boundary of the cell, through which cells int…
Protoplasm (liquid) between cell surrounding nucleus
Located centrally; directs cell activities; control center of…
Perform specific functions
Plasma membrane
Forms the outer boundary of the cell, through which cells int…
Cytoplasm
Protoplasm (liquid) between cell surrounding nucleus
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Ch. 4 Notes - Biology of the Cell
cytosol
organelle
mitochondria
endoplasmic reticulum
fluid inside the cell
different from organs, membrane-bound structures found inside…
where ATP is produced (power house of the cell)
rough and smooth types; an interconnected "membrane" network.
cytosol
fluid inside the cell
organelle
different from organs, membrane-bound structures found inside…
53 terms
Cells (Anatomy & Physiology)
Cytology
Modern Cell Theory
Intracellular Fluid/ Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
Study of cells
*All organisms are composed of cells... *The cell is the simples…
Jelly-like fluid that holds cellular organelles
-Framework of protein filaments and tubules... -Act as a monorai…
Cytology
Study of cells
Modern Cell Theory
*All organisms are composed of cells... *The cell is the simples…
63 terms
Essentials of Radiation Biology and Protection Cell Anatomy and Physiology
mRna
tRNA
rRNA
RNA
Carries amino acids (directions) for protein synthesis from t…
Carries amino acid molecules from the cytoplasm to the riboso…
Assists in linking mRNA to the ribosome and assists in protei…
is found in nucleoli;cytoplasm;some cell ribosomes
mRna
Carries amino acids (directions) for protein synthesis from t…
tRNA
Carries amino acid molecules from the cytoplasm to the riboso…
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Endocytosis
Phagocytosis
Receptor-mediated endocytosis
Exocytosis
the plasma membrane "traps" some extracellular material and b…
large particles are engulfed by the plasma membrane and enter…
membrane receptor molecules recognize substances to be brough…
...
Endocytosis
the plasma membrane "traps" some extracellular material and b…
Phagocytosis
large particles are engulfed by the plasma membrane and enter…
21 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Cell Physiology
What does the cytoplasm consist of?
Homeostasis:
Metabolism:
What does semipermeable mean?
aqueous cytosol
maintaining a constant internal environment in relation to th…
anabolic and catabolic reactions catalyzed by enzymes
To allow some molecules through to the cell, and not allow ot…
What does the cytoplasm consist of?
aqueous cytosol
Homeostasis:
maintaining a constant internal environment in relation to th…
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
36 terms
Generated Cell Physiology- Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Transport
Interstitial Solutions
Active vs Passive Transport
Diffusion
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Active: ... - Solutes move from low to high concentration to the…
A passive transport of molecules
Cell Transport
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
Interstitial Solutions
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
32 terms
anatomy/physiology cell organelles
rough endoplasmic reticulum
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
golgi apparatus
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
where protein is made
modifides packege and delivers proteins (flat membrane sacs)
rough endoplasmic reticulum
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
15 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Cells
Cell Organelles
Cell Membrane
Nuclear Membrane
Cell
little organs; the collection of membrane-bound functional st…
Encloses contents of the cell, regulating the flow of substan…
A two-layered membrane with pores through which substances en…
A basic structural and functional unit of the body. Contains…
Cell Organelles
little organs; the collection of membrane-bound functional st…
Cell Membrane
Encloses contents of the cell, regulating the flow of substan…
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Cell Division
DNA Replication
Mitosis
Meiosis
Prophase
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
Cell division
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
1st phase of mitosis
DNA Replication
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
Mitosis
Cell division
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
25 terms
Cell Anatomy & Physiology
human cell organization
Cell Membrane
cell membrane image
Cilia
cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm; cytosol, organelles
Lipid Bilayer (double layer)... made up mainly of phospholipids…
short, hair-like projections from the cell membrane... move flu…
human cell organization
cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm; cytosol, organelles
Cell Membrane
Lipid Bilayer (double layer)... made up mainly of phospholipids…
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