Study sets matching "anatomy physiology ch7"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology ch7"

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 7
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
CUTANEOUS MEMBRANE
SEROUS MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
THE SKIN
SIMPLE SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM ON A CONNECTIVE TISSUE BASEMENT ME…
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
80 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
what is osteology
what is the skeletal system
what are the 6 roles of the skeletal s…
what is osseous tissue
study of bone
composed of bones, cartilages, and ligaments joined tightly t…
1- support... 2-protection... 3- movement... 4-electrolyte balance... 5-…
bone; composed of connective tissue in which matrix is harden…
what is osteology
study of bone
what is the skeletal system
composed of bones, cartilages, and ligaments joined tightly t…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 7
Circulatory System
Arteries
Veins
White Blood Cells
Carries the blood around the body
Carries blood away from the heart
Carries blood to the heart
The blood's protectors against foreign cells
Circulatory System
Carries the blood around the body
Arteries
Carries blood away from the heart
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Three types of muscular tissues
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
-Produces locomotion, movement of body parts, and movements o…
-Responsible for internal functions (vision, movement through…
-Creates driving force responsible for moving blood through b…
Three types of muscular tissues
Skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
-Produces locomotion, movement of body parts, and movements o…
88 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 7
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Epiphyseal line
Periosteum
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
The appearance of this structure signals the end of bone growth
The dense white fibrous covering around bone
Compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Spongy bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Origin
Insertion
Sarcomere
Tendon
The attachment of a muscle that remains fixed when the muscle…
The attachment of a muscle that moves when muscles contract
(Sarc= flesh) ... The smallest contractile unit of a myofibril
A narrow band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches a mu…
Origin
The attachment of a muscle that remains fixed when the muscle…
Insertion
The attachment of a muscle that moves when muscles contract
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
144 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 7
tibula and fibula
The crista galli is a projection from…
styloid process
Each of the following bones is part of…
leg
ehmoid
femur
tibula and fibula
leg
The crista galli is a projection from…
ehmoid
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
# of Bones in Axial Skeleton
# of Bones in Appendicular skeleton
Most bones classified into 5 main types:
Long Bone:
80 bones
126 bones
-Long... -Short... -Flat... -Irregular ... -Sesamoid
Greater length than width
# of Bones in Axial Skeleton
80 bones
# of Bones in Appendicular skeleton
126 bones
94 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
adult skeleton
bones
80 bones
126 bones
20% of body mass, 206 bones
are the organs of the skeletal system and are composed of man…
axial skeleton
80 bones
appendicular skeleton
126 bones
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7 Joints
arthrology
kinesiology
fibrous joints
cartilaginous joints
the scientific study of joints
the study of motion of the human body
there is no synovial cavity and the bones are held together b…
there is no synovial cavity and the bones are held together b…
arthrology
the scientific study of joints
kinesiology
the study of motion of the human body
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Axial skeleton
Sutures
orbits
sella turcica
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
Bony cavities in which the eyes are encased in fatty tissue a…
Part of the sphenoid bone ; holds the pituitary gland
Axial skeleton
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Sutures
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
180 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Organic
Inorganic
By Shape
Epiphysis
Collagen is what part of the bone matrix?
Minerals are what part of the bone matrix?
How are bones classified?
Organic
Collagen is what part of the bone matrix?
Inorganic
Minerals are what part of the bone matrix?
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Coronal suture
Frontal bone
Sphenoid bone
Ethmoid bone
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
Coronal suture
(A)
Frontal bone
(B)
9 terms
Chapter 7-Anatomy & Physiology
produce movement of the skeleton
maintain posture and body position
support soft tissue
guard entrances and exits
function of muscular system 1
function of muscular system 2
function of muscular system 3
function of muscular system 4
produce movement of the skeleton
function of muscular system 1
maintain posture and body position
function of muscular system 2
416 terms
Chapter 7: ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
ABDOMEN
ABDUCTION
ACETABULUM
ACETYLCHOLINE
The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion a…
Motion of limb away from the midline
The depression on the lateral pelvis where its three componen…
An excitatory neurotransmitter used in the peripheral and cen…
ABDOMEN
The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion a…
ABDUCTION
Motion of limb away from the midline
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
These very small bones are at the medi…
Failure of these anterior bones to fus…
This bone houses the apparatus of the…
This bone is wing-shaped and extends b…
Lacrimal bone
Maxillae
Temporal bones
Sphenoid
These very small bones are at the medi…
Lacrimal bone
Failure of these anterior bones to fus…
Maxillae
71 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
connective tissue coverings: 1.endomys…
In the walls of hollow organs(urinary bladder, reproductive,u…
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - appearance: STRIA…
Tubular and STRIATED, MULTInucleated cells ... -usually attached…
-thin layer of Areolar connective tissue that surrounds each…
Smooth Muscle
In the walls of hollow organs(urinary bladder, reproductive,u…
Cardiac Muscle
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - appearance: STRIA…
710 terms
Chapter 7: Anatomy & Physiology
androgens
anions
antagonist
anterior
Male sex hormones mostly produced by the testicular interstit…
Ions with a negative charge.
A molecule that blocks the ability of a given chemical to bin…
The front surface of the body; the side facing forward in the…
androgens
Male sex hormones mostly produced by the testicular interstit…
anions
Ions with a negative charge.
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Articular cartilage
Bursa
Cartilaginous joint
Compact bone
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
A saclike, fluid-filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
Two or more bones joined by cartilage
Dense tissue in which cells are organized in osteons with no…
Articular cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
Bursa
A saclike, fluid-filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
Chapter 7- Anatomy and Physiology
Heart location
Pericardium
Chambers
Right atrium
Lies within thoracic cavity, between two lungs. 2/3 lies on l…
Tissue layer. ... Double-walled sac that encloses the heart
There are four. ... Upper-atria, Lower-ventricles
Recieves oxygen-depleted blood from veins of body. ... Blood ent…
Heart location
Lies within thoracic cavity, between two lungs. 2/3 lies on l…
Pericardium
Tissue layer. ... Double-walled sac that encloses the heart
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7
Cell growth and reproduction
Cell Growth
Cell Reproduction
Anabolism
-the most fundamental of all living functions... -contistute the…
-Depends on using genetic information in DNA to make the stru…
-Ensures that genetic information is passed from one generati…
-protein synthesis is a central anabolic pathway in cells... -De…
Cell growth and reproduction
-the most fundamental of all living functions... -contistute the…
Cell Growth
-Depends on using genetic information in DNA to make the stru…
36 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 7 Vocab
actin
all-or-none law
antagonist
cardiac muscle
one of the two major proteins of the muscle; makes up thin my…
states that muscle fibers either contract maximally or not at…
muscle that acts in opposition to a prime mover
heart muscle (myocardium) consisting of striated muscles cell…
actin
one of the two major proteins of the muscle; makes up thin my…
all-or-none law
states that muscle fibers either contract maximally or not at…
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7
Cutaneous membrane
epidermis
dermis
keratin
skin
outer layer
inner layer
a protein, hardens and flattens the cells as they move toward…
Cutaneous membrane
skin
epidermis
outer layer
142 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
tough connective tissue structures tha…
attach muscle to bone
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
cartilage
ligaments
tendons
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
cartilage
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilage
Diaphysis
Periosteum
The end of a long bone.
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints.
The shaft of a long bone.
Fibrous connective tissue covering on the surface of a bone.
Epiphysis
The end of a long bone.
Articular Cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints.
Chapter 7: Anatomy and Physiology
___________ pairs of spinal nerves ext…
Dendrites are the short cell processes…
The motor nerves carry nerve impulses…
The nerves that send and receive messa…
Thirty-one
The cell body
Muscles
Mixed
___________ pairs of spinal nerves ext…
Thirty-one
Dendrites are the short cell processes…
The cell body
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
Diaphysis
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
the shaft of the bone (between epiphyses); diaphysis contains…
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Epiphysis
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
85 terms
Anatomy & Physiology | Chapter 7
The skeletal system is comprised of:
Bone is made up of (2)
Cartilage (3)
Ligaments
-Bone... -Cartilage... -Ligaments... -Tendons
-compact bone: dense connective bone tissue that appears whit…
-Hyaline cartilage... -Fibrocartilage ... -Elastic cartilage
anchors bone to bone
The skeletal system is comprised of:
-Bone... -Cartilage... -Ligaments... -Tendons
Bone is made up of (2)
-compact bone: dense connective bone tissue that appears whit…
142 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
tough connective tissue structures tha…
attach muscle to bone
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
cartilage
ligaments
tendons
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
cartilage
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
62 terms
chapter 7 Anatomy and physiology
anatomical position
anterior or ventral
posterior or dorsal
transverse plane
body is standing straight, facing forward, upper limbs at sid…
towards the front (eyes are anterior to the brain)
towards the back
divides the body into top and bottom portions (head: superior…
anatomical position
body is standing straight, facing forward, upper limbs at sid…
anterior or ventral
towards the front (eyes are anterior to the brain)
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
without
nourishment
process of
muscle without nourishment, muscle shr…
A-
troph
-y
A/troph/y
without
A-
nourishment
troph
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 7
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Epiphyseal line
Periosteum
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
The appearance of this structure signals the end of bone growth
The dense white fibrous covering around bone
Compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Spongy bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
154 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Skin revised
Skin
Integumentary system
2 primary layers of skin
Hypodermis
1. body's largest organ, 22 square feet,cutaneous membrane
describes the skin and its appendages-the hair, nails and ski…
1. epidermis -superfical... 2. dermis- true skin joined by derma…
is not part of the skin. AKA subcutaneous layer or superficia…
Skin
1. body's largest organ, 22 square feet,cutaneous membrane
Integumentary system
describes the skin and its appendages-the hair, nails and ski…
44 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology
Bones of the Skull
Occipital Bone
Two Parietal Bones
Frontal Bone
divided into two parts. 8 bones in the cranium and 14 facial…
is the hindmost bone of the skull and is located below the pa…
form the sides and top of the cranium
forms the forehead and portions of the eye sockets and nasal…
Bones of the Skull
divided into two parts. 8 bones in the cranium and 14 facial…
Occipital Bone
is the hindmost bone of the skull and is located below the pa…
33 terms
Chapter 7 anatomy and physiology
divisions of skeleton
axial skeleton
skull
vertebral column
axial... appendicular ... 206 bones
critical part... down middle... thoracic cage... skull... vertebral column
22 bones... 8 cranial... 14 facial
33 bones... spinal cord protection... vertebrae... saccrum... coccyx
divisions of skeleton
axial... appendicular ... 206 bones
axial skeleton
critical part... down middle... thoracic cage... skull... vertebral column
85 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy & Physiology: The Muscular System
abduction
actin
adduction
atrophy
moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body…
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body (ak…
wasting away of tissue; decrease in size of a part; sometimes…
abduction
moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body…
actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
Flexion & Extension
Supination & Pronation
Elevation & Depression
Adduction & Abduction
Flexion & Extension
Supination & Pronation
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Anatomy and Physiology can be substitu…
Bone cells are called
The skeletal System consists of ____bo…
The humerus is an example of a (an) __…
Structure and Function
Osteocytes
206
Long
Anatomy and Physiology can be substitu…
Structure and Function
Bone cells are called
Osteocytes
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
skull, vertebral column, and the thora…
limbs and their bony girdles
seven cranium and eight facial
frontal bone, parietal bone, occipital…
List the major systems of the axial skeleton:
List the major systems of the appendicular skeleton:
List the systems of the facial bones and the number of bones…
List the seven bones of the cranium:
skull, vertebral column, and the thora…
List the major systems of the axial skeleton:
limbs and their bony girdles
List the major systems of the appendicular skeleton:
138 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Axial skeleton
Sutures
orbits
sella turcica
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
Bony cavities in which the eyes are encased in fatty tissue a…
Part of the sphenoid bone ; holds the pituitary gland
Axial skeleton
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Sutures
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
resonance
Cineradiology
ultrasound imaging
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
the quality in a sound of being deep, full, and reverberating
-moving x-ray... -radiation risks
-viewing soft tissue... -bone with will be opaque... -no radiation…
-cannot see movement of articulators ... -measuring how various…
resonance
the quality in a sound of being deep, full, and reverberating
Cineradiology
-moving x-ray... -radiation risks
62 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: Chapter 7, Nervous System Vocabulary
central nervous system (CNS)
somatic nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Nerves throughout body (such as cranial nerves and spinal ner…
Regulates the activity of involuntary actions (such as cardia…
central nervous system (CNS)
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
somatic nervous system
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Purpose of Bones
Bone Structure
Parts of a Long Bone
Osteocytes
bones are active, living tissues... functions: muscle attachment…
bones differ in size and shape, yet have several similarities…
- Epiphysis: expanded ends of bones that form joints with adj…
bone cells located within lacunae that lie in concentric circ…
Purpose of Bones
bones are active, living tissues... functions: muscle attachment…
Bone Structure
bones differ in size and shape, yet have several similarities…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
resonance
Cineradiology
ultrasound imaging
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
the quality in a sound of being deep, full, and reverberating
-moving x-ray... -radiation risks
-viewing soft tissue... -bone with will be opaque... -no radiation…
-cannot see movement of articulators ... -measuring how various…
resonance
the quality in a sound of being deep, full, and reverberating
Cineradiology
-moving x-ray... -radiation risks
82 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
119 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7: Skeletal System
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
Bones are the organs of the skeletal s…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
is the most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
-composed of many tissues... -bone tissue... -cartilage... -dense conn…
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
is the most abundant cartilage
28 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology
Action potential
Where does AP originate?
Where does AP travel to?
Leak channel
Rapid change in membrane potential during which the inside of…
Axon hillock
Down the axon and to the next neuron
Always open, voltage drives movement, keeps RMP inside cell.…
Action potential
Rapid change in membrane potential during which the inside of…
Where does AP originate?
Axon hillock
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