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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology ch7"

71 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 7
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
CUTANEOUS MEMBRANE
SEROUS MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
THE SKIN
SIMPLE SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM ON A CONNECTIVE TISSUE BASEMENT ME…
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 7
Circulatory System
Arteries
Veins
White Blood Cells
Carries the blood around the body
Carries blood away from the heart
Carries blood to the heart
The blood's protectors against foreign cells
Circulatory System
Carries the blood around the body
Arteries
Carries blood away from the heart
80 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
what is osteology
what is the skeletal system
what are the 6 roles of the skeletal s…
what is osseous tissue
study of bone
composed of bones, cartilages, and ligaments joined tightly t…
1- support... 2-protection... 3- movement... 4-electrolyte balance... 5-…
bone; composed of connective tissue in which matrix is harden…
what is osteology
study of bone
what is the skeletal system
composed of bones, cartilages, and ligaments joined tightly t…
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Origin
Insertion
Sarcomere
Tendon
The attachment of a muscle that remains fixed when the muscle…
The attachment of a muscle that moves when muscles contract
(Sarc= flesh) ... The smallest contractile unit of a myofibril
A narrow band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches a mu…
Origin
The attachment of a muscle that remains fixed when the muscle…
Insertion
The attachment of a muscle that moves when muscles contract
180 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Organic
Inorganic
By Shape
Epiphysis
Collagen is what part of the bone matrix?
Minerals are what part of the bone matrix?
How are bones classified?
Organic
Collagen is what part of the bone matrix?
Inorganic
Minerals are what part of the bone matrix?
138 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
88 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 7
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Epiphyseal line
Periosteum
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
The appearance of this structure signals the end of bone growth
The dense white fibrous covering around bone
Compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Spongy bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Three types of muscular tissues
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
-Produces locomotion, movement of body parts, and movements o…
-Responsible for internal functions (vision, movement through…
-Creates driving force responsible for moving blood through b…
Three types of muscular tissues
Skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
-Produces locomotion, movement of body parts, and movements o…
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
# of Bones in Axial Skeleton
# of Bones in Appendicular skeleton
Most bones classified into 5 main types:
Long Bone:
80 bones
126 bones
-Long... -Short... -Flat... -Irregular ... -Sesamoid
Greater length than width
# of Bones in Axial Skeleton
80 bones
# of Bones in Appendicular skeleton
126 bones
94 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
adult skeleton
bones
80 bones
126 bones
20% of body mass, 206 bones
are the organs of the skeletal system and are composed of man…
axial skeleton
80 bones
appendicular skeleton
126 bones
144 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 7
tibula and fibula
The crista galli is a projection from…
styloid process
Each of the following bones is part of…
leg
ehmoid
femur
tibula and fibula
leg
The crista galli is a projection from…
ehmoid
416 terms
Chapter 7: ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
ABDOMEN
ABDUCTION
ACETABULUM
ACETYLCHOLINE
The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion a…
Motion of limb away from the midline
The depression on the lateral pelvis where its three componen…
An excitatory neurotransmitter used in the peripheral and cen…
ABDOMEN
The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion a…
ABDUCTION
Motion of limb away from the midline
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7
Cell growth and reproduction
Cell Growth
Cell Reproduction
Anabolism
-the most fundamental of all living functions... -contistute the…
-Depends on using genetic information in DNA to make the stru…
-Ensures that genetic information is passed from one generati…
-protein synthesis is a central anabolic pathway in cells... -De…
Cell growth and reproduction
-the most fundamental of all living functions... -contistute the…
Cell Growth
-Depends on using genetic information in DNA to make the stru…
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Articular cartilage
Bursa
Cartilaginous joint
Compact bone
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
A saclike, fluid-filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
Two or more bones joined by cartilage
Dense tissue in which cells are organized in osteons with no…
Articular cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
Bursa
A saclike, fluid-filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
142 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
tough connective tissue structures tha…
attach muscle to bone
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
cartilage
ligaments
tendons
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
cartilage
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Axial skeleton
Sutures
orbits
sella turcica
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
Bony cavities in which the eyes are encased in fatty tissue a…
Part of the sphenoid bone ; holds the pituitary gland
Axial skeleton
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Sutures
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Coronal suture
Frontal bone
Sphenoid bone
Ethmoid bone
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
Coronal suture
(A)
Frontal bone
(B)
71 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
connective tissue coverings: 1.endomys…
In the walls of hollow organs(urinary bladder, reproductive,u…
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - appearance: STRIA…
Tubular and STRIATED, MULTInucleated cells ... -usually attached…
-thin layer of Areolar connective tissue that surrounds each…
Smooth Muscle
In the walls of hollow organs(urinary bladder, reproductive,u…
Cardiac Muscle
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - appearance: STRIA…
46 terms
Chapter 7- Anatomy and Physiology
Heart location
Pericardium
Chambers
Right atrium
Lies within thoracic cavity, between two lungs. 2/3 lies on l…
Tissue layer. ... Double-walled sac that encloses the heart
There are four. ... Upper-atria, Lower-ventricles
Recieves oxygen-depleted blood from veins of body. ... Blood ent…
Heart location
Lies within thoracic cavity, between two lungs. 2/3 lies on l…
Pericardium
Tissue layer. ... Double-walled sac that encloses the heart
26 terms
Chapter 7: Anatomy and Physiology
___________ pairs of spinal nerves ext…
Dendrites are the short cell processes…
The motor nerves carry nerve impulses…
The nerves that send and receive messa…
Thirty-one
The cell body
Muscles
Mixed
___________ pairs of spinal nerves ext…
Thirty-one
Dendrites are the short cell processes…
The cell body
142 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
tough connective tissue structures tha…
attach muscle to bone
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
cartilage
ligaments
tendons
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
cartilage
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
Flexion & Extension
Supination & Pronation
Elevation & Depression
Adduction & Abduction
Flexion & Extension
Supination & Pronation
56 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 7
hamate
lunate
capitate
triquetrum
hamate
lunate
138 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Axial skeleton
Sutures
orbits
sella turcica
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
Bony cavities in which the eyes are encased in fatty tissue a…
Part of the sphenoid bone ; holds the pituitary gland
Axial skeleton
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Sutures
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
99 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
119 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7: Skeletal System
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
Bones are the organs of the skeletal s…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
is the most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
-composed of many tissues... -bone tissue... -cartilage... -dense conn…
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
is the most abundant cartilage
88 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 7
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Epiphyseal line
Periosteum
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
The appearance of this structure signals the end of bone growth
The dense white fibrous covering around bone
Compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Spongy bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
33 terms
Chapter 7 anatomy and physiology
divisions of skeleton
axial skeleton
skull
vertebral column
axial... appendicular ... 206 bones
critical part... down middle... thoracic cage... skull... vertebral column
22 bones... 8 cranial... 14 facial
33 bones... spinal cord protection... vertebrae... saccrum... coccyx
divisions of skeleton
axial... appendicular ... 206 bones
axial skeleton
critical part... down middle... thoracic cage... skull... vertebral column
59 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 7
What are the characteristics of skelet…
What are the characteristics of smooth…
What are the characteristics of cardia…
How are muscles attached?
Under voluntary control and is striated
Under involuntary control and is not striated
Under involuntary control and is striated
via tendons
What are the characteristics of skelet…
Under voluntary control and is striated
What are the characteristics of smooth…
Under involuntary control and is not striated
44 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology
Bones of the Skull
Occipital Bone
Two Parietal Bones
Frontal Bone
divided into two parts. 8 bones in the cranium and 14 facial…
is the hindmost bone of the skull and is located below the pa…
form the sides and top of the cranium
forms the forehead and portions of the eye sockets and nasal…
Bones of the Skull
divided into two parts. 8 bones in the cranium and 14 facial…
Occipital Bone
is the hindmost bone of the skull and is located below the pa…
9 terms
Chapter 7-Anatomy & Physiology
produce movement of the skeleton
maintain posture and body position
support soft tissue
guard entrances and exits
function of muscular system 1
function of muscular system 2
function of muscular system 3
function of muscular system 4
produce movement of the skeleton
function of muscular system 1
maintain posture and body position
function of muscular system 2
85 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy & Physiology: The Muscular System
abduction
actin
adduction
atrophy
moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body…
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body (ak…
wasting away of tissue; decrease in size of a part; sometimes…
abduction
moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body…
actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
25 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7
Rectus
Oblique
Lateral Rectus
Medial Rectus
Straight
Slanting
Moves eye laterally
Moves eye medially
Rectus
Straight
Oblique
Slanting
91 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
These very small bones are at the medi…
Failure of these anterior bones to fus…
This bone houses the apparatus of the…
This bone is wing-shaped and extends b…
Lacrimal bone
Maxillae
Temporal bones
Sphenoid
These very small bones are at the medi…
Lacrimal bone
Failure of these anterior bones to fus…
Maxillae
132 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
A ________ skeleton is made of dynamic…
We associate bones with _______. Skele…
_________ is the study of bones, but t…
The skeletal system includes...
living
death
Osteology
bones, cartilage, and ligaments.
A ________ skeleton is made of dynamic…
living
We associate bones with _______. Skele…
death
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7
Cutaneous membrane
epidermis
dermis
keratin
skin
outer layer
inner layer
a protein, hardens and flattens the cells as they move toward…
Cutaneous membrane
skin
epidermis
outer layer
85 terms
Anatomy & Physiology | Chapter 7
The skeletal system is comprised of:
Bone is made up of (2)
Cartilage (3)
Ligaments
-Bone... -Cartilage... -Ligaments... -Tendons
-compact bone: dense connective bone tissue that appears whit…
-Hyaline cartilage... -Fibrocartilage ... -Elastic cartilage
anchors bone to bone
The skeletal system is comprised of:
-Bone... -Cartilage... -Ligaments... -Tendons
Bone is made up of (2)
-compact bone: dense connective bone tissue that appears whit…
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilage
Diaphysis
Periosteum
The end of a long bone.
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints.
The shaft of a long bone.
Fibrous connective tissue covering on the surface of a bone.
Epiphysis
The end of a long bone.
Articular Cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints.
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
without
nourishment
process of
muscle without nourishment, muscle shr…
A-
troph
-y
A/troph/y
without
A-
nourishment
troph
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7
Identify the three functions of the ne…
Neurons
Neuroglia
Astrocytes
The nervous system monitors sensory input that occurs inside…
Function: Cells that are specialized to transmit messages; re…
Groups of support cells such as astrocytes, microglia, ependy…
Neuroglia cells that account for nearly half of the neural ti…
Identify the three functions of the ne…
The nervous system monitors sensory input that occurs inside…
Neurons
Function: Cells that are specialized to transmit messages; re…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
resonance
Cineradiology
ultrasound imaging
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
the quality in a sound of being deep, full, and reverberating
-moving x-ray... -radiation risks
-viewing soft tissue... -bone with will be opaque... -no radiation…
-cannot see movement of articulators ... -measuring how various…
resonance
the quality in a sound of being deep, full, and reverberating
Cineradiology
-moving x-ray... -radiation risks
151 terms
Anatomy and physiology: The Skeleton (chapter 7)
axial
- skull ... - hyoid bone ... - vertebral col…
cranium and facial bones
cranium
The ____ skeleton forms the longitudinal axis of the body.
what are the four parts the axial skeleton is divided into?
The skull has two sets of bones, what are they called?
What makes up the top of the skull?
axial
The ____ skeleton forms the longitudinal axis of the body.
- skull ... - hyoid bone ... - vertebral col…
what are the four parts the axial skeleton is divided into?
78 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
What are the functions of the axial sk…
What are the body parts associated wit…
What are the functions of the appendic…
What axis is formed by the axial skele…
1. it supports the head, neck, and trunk of the body... 2. prote…
skull, vertebral column and thoracic cage
1. attaches the limbs of the body to the trunk... 2. enables us…
the longitudinal axis
What are the functions of the axial sk…
1. it supports the head, neck, and trunk of the body... 2. prote…
What are the body parts associated wit…
skull, vertebral column and thoracic cage
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Anatomy and Physiology can be substitu…
Bone cells are called
The skeletal System consists of ____bo…
The humerus is an example of a (an) __…
Structure and Function
Osteocytes
206
Long
Anatomy and Physiology can be substitu…
Structure and Function
Bone cells are called
Osteocytes
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7
skeleton
long bone
diaphysis
medullary cavity
complete bone framework of the body
the most common class of bone in the body, long bones have a…
shaft of a long bone
cavity within the shaft of the long bones filled with bone ma…
skeleton
complete bone framework of the body
long bone
the most common class of bone in the body, long bones have a…
37 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I: Chapter 7
What does the skeletal system include?
What are the two types of bone connect…
Describe compact bone?
Describe spongy bone (cancellous bone…
bones... cartilage... ligaments... tendons... other connective tissues
Compact bone ... spongy bone
White... smooth... solid ... dense... makes up 80% of total bone mass
porous... makes up 20% of total bone mass
What does the skeletal system include?
bones... cartilage... ligaments... tendons... other connective tissues
What are the two types of bone connect…
Compact bone ... spongy bone
72 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY chapter 7
osteology
skeletal system
osseous tissue
calcification
study of bone... (section 7.0)
system forming strong, flexible framework for the body and co…
connective tissue in which the matrix has hardened by the dec…
hardening of bone morrow... a.k.a. mineralization... (section 7.1)
osteology
study of bone... (section 7.0)
skeletal system
system forming strong, flexible framework for the body and co…
28 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology
Action potential
Where does AP originate?
Where does AP travel to?
Leak channel
Rapid change in membrane potential during which the inside of…
Axon hillock
Down the axon and to the next neuron
Always open, voltage drives movement, keeps RMP inside cell.…
Action potential
Rapid change in membrane potential during which the inside of…
Where does AP originate?
Axon hillock
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