Study sets matching "anatomy physiology chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology chapter 8"

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 8
FUNCTION OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
4 MAJOR TYPES OF BONES, ACCORDING TO O…
STRUCTURE OF LONG BONES/DIAPHYSIS (SHA…
STRUCTURE OF LONG BONES/MEDULLARY CAVITY
1.) PROVIDES INTERNAL FRAMEWORK THAT SUPPORTS THE BODY... 2.) PR…
1.)LONG - EX. HUMERUS (UPPER ARM)... 2.)SHORT - EX. CARPALS (WRI…
HOLLOW TUBE OF HARD COMPACT BONE
HOLLOW SPACE INSIDE THE DIAPHYSIS THAT CONTAINS YELLOW MARROW
FUNCTION OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
1.) PROVIDES INTERNAL FRAMEWORK THAT SUPPORTS THE BODY... 2.) PR…
4 MAJOR TYPES OF BONES, ACCORDING TO O…
1.)LONG - EX. HUMERUS (UPPER ARM)... 2.)SHORT - EX. CARPALS (WRI…
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8
Cervical Vertebrae
Thoracic
Lumbar Vertebrae
3 Classes of Joints by Freedom of Move…
(7)-body is oval (wider from side to side), spinous process i…
(12)-body is roughly heart shaped and bears two small facets,…
(5)-pedicles and laminae are shorter and thicker than those o…
diarthroses (freely movable), amphiarthroses (slightly movabl…
Cervical Vertebrae
(7)-body is oval (wider from side to side), spinous process i…
Thoracic
(12)-body is roughly heart shaped and bears two small facets,…
237 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 8
what is the axial skeleton
what is the appendicular skeleton
what are the sesamoid bones
what are sutural bones
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
includes the bones of the upper limb, pectoral girdle, and th…
bones that form within some tendons in response to strain. Pa…
having extra bones, another reason for adult variation, also…
what is the axial skeleton
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
what is the appendicular skeleton
includes the bones of the upper limb, pectoral girdle, and th…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 8 - Joints
Three types of fibrous joints
Suture
Syndesmoses
Gomphoses
Suture... Syndesmoses ... Gomphoses
Bones are held together by minimal fiber; only found in the s…
Bones are held together by ligaments and there is slight to m…
Peg-in-socket joint that is only found in the alveolar margin…
Three types of fibrous joints
Suture... Syndesmoses ... Gomphoses
Suture
Bones are held together by minimal fiber; only found in the s…
90 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
tendons
insertion
origin
aponeuroses
composed of dense fibrous connective tissue, binds muscle to…
more moveable bony attachment of the muscle
pulled toward its less movable attachment
flattened sheetlike tendons
tendons
composed of dense fibrous connective tissue, binds muscle to…
insertion
more moveable bony attachment of the muscle
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
number of bones in typical adult skele…
number of bone at birth
forms the central supporting axis of the body... -skull, auditor…
includes the bones of the upper limb and pectoral girdle, and…
206... -varies with development of sesamoid bones and presence o…
270 (decreases with fusion)
axial skeleton
forms the central supporting axis of the body... -skull, auditor…
appendicular skeleton
includes the bones of the upper limb and pectoral girdle, and…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 8
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricle(s)
Pulmonary Veins
Myocardium
The "rooms" at the top of the heart
The "rooms" at the bottom of the heart
Veins that carry blood from the lungs to the heart
The heart muscle
Atria (Atrium)
The "rooms" at the top of the heart
Ventricle(s)
The "rooms" at the bottom of the heart
90 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8: Joints
Joints functions
Joints structural classificatication
Fibrous joints
Cartilaginous joints
-bind parts of skeletal system together... -make bone growth pos…
-fibrous joints... -cartilaginous joints... -synovial joints
-dense connective tissues connect bones... -between bones in clo…
hyaline cartilage or fibricartilage connect bones
Joints functions
-bind parts of skeletal system together... -make bone growth pos…
Joints structural classificatication
-fibrous joints... -cartilaginous joints... -synovial joints
32 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 8
conjunctiva
conjunctivitis
sclera
lacrimal gland
the membrane that covers the outer surface of the eye and lin…
inflammation of the conjunctiva, "pinkeye"
thick, protective fibrous layer, glistening white connective…
release a dilute salt solution (tears) onto the anterior surf…
conjunctiva
the membrane that covers the outer surface of the eye and lin…
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva, "pinkeye"
59 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
By Motion or By Connecting Material
Synarthrotic
Amphiarthrotic
Diarthrotic
How are joints classified?
This type of joint is immovable.
This type of joint is slightly movable.
This type of joint moves freely.
By Motion or By Connecting Material
How are joints classified?
Synarthrotic
This type of joint is immovable.
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Function
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Compact Bone
supports body weight, stores important minerals
Contains Skull, Hyoid, Vertebral Column, Thoracic cage
Contains pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, lower l…
Dense, hard tissue composed of osteons. Also shafts of long b…
Function
supports body weight, stores important minerals
Axial Skeleton
Contains Skull, Hyoid, Vertebral Column, Thoracic cage
41 terms
holes anatomy and physiology chapter 8
frontalis
occipitalis
masseter
sternocleidomastoid
raises eyebrows
chewing muscles
together they flex the head forward
frontalis
raises eyebrows
occipitalis
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
What is a joint?
What are the basic functions of all jo…
How do we classify joints structurally?
What are the three ways to classify a…
the site where two or more bones meet
1. skeletal mobility... 2. hold the skeleton together
based off of the material binding them together and if there…
fibrous, cartilogenous, and synovial
What is a joint?
the site where two or more bones meet
What are the basic functions of all jo…
1. skeletal mobility... 2. hold the skeleton together
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 8
what is the axial skeleton
what is the appendicular skeleton
what are the sesamoid bones
what are sutural bones
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
includes the bones of the upper limb, pectoral girdle, and th…
bones that form within some tendons in response to strain. Pa…
having extra bones, another reason for adult variation, also…
what is the axial skeleton
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
what is the appendicular skeleton
includes the bones of the upper limb, pectoral girdle, and th…
52 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy Physiology
Diarthroses
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Fibrous Joint Classifications
Freely moveable joint.
Immovable joint
Slightly moveable joint
Suture, Syndesmosis, Gomphosis
Diarthroses
Freely moveable joint.
Synarthrosis
Immovable joint
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Fascia
Aponeurosis
Myofibrils
Myosin
A sheet of fibrous connective tissue that encloses a muscle.
A sheet of connective tissue that attaches muscle.
Contractile fibers in muscle fibers.
A protein that, with actin, contracts muscle fibers.
Fascia
A sheet of fibrous connective tissue that encloses a muscle.
Aponeurosis
A sheet of connective tissue that attaches muscle.
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8
Actin
Agonist
Antagonists
A protein that forms filaments that slide between filaments o…
Muscle responsible for a particular body movements
A muscle that opposes a prime mover
Actin
A protein that forms filaments that slide between filaments o…
Agonist
Muscle responsible for a particular body movements
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
The appendicular skeleton in primarily…
Appendicular skeleton in the _________…
Pectoral Girdle
PECTORAL GIRDLE... Clavicle
Movement
Appendages
Includes clavicle and scapula
s-shaped... Medial end articulates with manubrium of sternum... Lat…
The appendicular skeleton in primarily…
Movement
Appendicular skeleton in the _________…
Appendages
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8
Joint
What are the functions of joints?
Function of a joint
Synarthroses
- also called articulations... - site where 2 or more bones meet
Give skeleton mobility and hold skeleton together
- Based on amount of movement allowed at the joint ... - synart…
Immovable
Joint
- also called articulations... - site where 2 or more bones meet
What are the functions of joints?
Give skeleton mobility and hold skeleton together
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8 Joints
suture
fibrous joints
bursae
tendon sheath
occur only between bones of the skull
joined by collagen fibers, most are non moveable
flattened fibrous sacs lined with synovial membrane. occur wh…
elongated bursae that wraps completely around a tendon subjec…
suture
occur only between bones of the skull
fibrous joints
joined by collagen fibers, most are non moveable
59 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8: Muscles
Three types of muscle tissues
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
-skeletal muscle... -cardiac muscle... -smooth muscle
-usually attached to bone... -voluntary... -somatic... -striated
-wall of heart... -involuntary... -autonomic... -striated
-walls of most viscera, blood vessels and skin... -autonomic... -no…
Three types of muscle tissues
-skeletal muscle... -cardiac muscle... -smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
-usually attached to bone... -voluntary... -somatic... -striated
74 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 8
Articulation
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Diarthroses
a joint; the point where two bones come together
immovable joints
slightly movable joints
freely moveable joints
Articulation
a joint; the point where two bones come together
Synarthroses
immovable joints
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Structure of a Skeletal Muscle
Fascia
a tissue designed for contraction to produce movement in the…
- striated, voluntary, and multinucleate... - 40- 50% of body we…
each muscle is an organ, comprised of skeletal muscle tissue,…
the outermost layer of dense connective tissue that surrounds…
Muscle
a tissue designed for contraction to produce movement in the…
Skeletal Muscle
- striated, voluntary, and multinucleate... - 40- 50% of body we…
43 terms
Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 8
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Twitch
Norepinephrine
Sarcomere
Membranous network of channels and tubules within a muscle fi…
Brief Muscular Contraction followed by relaxation
Neurotransmitter released from axons of some nerve fibers
Structual and Functional unit of a myofibril
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Membranous network of channels and tubules within a muscle fi…
Twitch
Brief Muscular Contraction followed by relaxation
Anatomy and physiology chapter 8
Structural classification of joint
Functional classification of joint
Fibrous joints
Sutures
Focuses on the material binding the bones together (fibrous j…
Based on the amount of movement allowed at the joint (synarth…
Bones that are joined by fibrous tissue, namely dense fibrous…
Literally "seams" occur only between bones of hte skull. Join…
Structural classification of joint
Focuses on the material binding the bones together (fibrous j…
Functional classification of joint
Based on the amount of movement allowed at the joint (synarth…
61 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8
Joints
Articulation
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Articulations; the weakest parts of skeletons.... Gives the skel…
Site where two or more bones meet.
Immovable joint.
Slightly movable joint.
Joints
Articulations; the weakest parts of skeletons.... Gives the skel…
Articulation
Site where two or more bones meet.
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Autonomic Nervous System
Axon
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Dendrite
The involuntary portion of the nervous system that is involve…
Neuron process that carries impulses AWAY from the cell body.
The portion of the nervous system composed of the brain and s…
A neuron that carries impulses TOWARDS the cell body.
Autonomic Nervous System
The involuntary portion of the nervous system that is involve…
Axon
Neuron process that carries impulses AWAY from the cell body.
Chapter 8-Anatomy and Physiology
Conjunctiva
lacrimal glands
two parts of the fibrous layer
lens
-membrane that lines the eyelids... -connects to outer surface o…
gland; produces lacrimal fluid... canaliculi; drain fluid medial…
sclera; white of eye... cornea; transparent (doesn't reject tran…
biconvex crystal-like structure... held in place by a suspensory…
Conjunctiva
-membrane that lines the eyelids... -connects to outer surface o…
lacrimal glands
gland; produces lacrimal fluid... canaliculi; drain fluid medial…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Matrix
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissues
Muscle Tissue
Surrounded or embedded
Covers and protects the body surface
Support the body and its parts, connect and holds them together
Produces movements
Matrix
Surrounded or embedded
Epithelial Tissue
Covers and protects the body surface
40 terms
Chapter 8- Anatomy and Physiology
connective tissue under the fascia
section of muscle nearest the orgin
to increase the angles between body pa…
self exciting muscle
epimysium
head
extension
cardiac muscle
connective tissue under the fascia
epimysium
section of muscle nearest the orgin
head
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
a tissue designed for contraction to produce movement in the…
- striated, voluntary, and multinucleate... - 40- 50% of body we…
- involuntary, nonstriated ... - cells are spindle - shaped and…
- heart muscle, involuntary... - cells branch frequently (uninuc…
Muscle
a tissue designed for contraction to produce movement in the…
Skeletal Muscle
- striated, voluntary, and multinucleate... - 40- 50% of body we…
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 8
acetylcholine
actin
agonist
bursitis
neurotransmitter; released at synapses within the nervous sys…
one of the two contractile proteins in muscle cells
muscle that contracts to perform a given movement
inflammation of a bursa
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter; released at synapses within the nervous sys…
actin
one of the two contractile proteins in muscle cells
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 8
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
Epimysium
Type of muscle that is composed of long, thin fibers that are…
Type of muscle that is composed of branched cells (intercalat…
Type of muscle that is composed of spindle shaped cells that…
Fibrous connective sheath that surrounds a well-defined group…
Skeletal muscle
Type of muscle that is composed of long, thin fibers that are…
Cardiac muscle
Type of muscle that is composed of branched cells (intercalat…
59 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8
Skeleton
Long Bones
Short Bones
Flat Bones
"dried up body"
are longer than they are wide
are shaped like cubes and are found primarily in the wrist an…
are thin, flat, and curved.
Skeleton
"dried up body"
Long Bones
are longer than they are wide
54 terms
CP Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 8
Neuroglia
Neurons
Dendrites
Axon
the most common cells in the nervous system; assist protect a…
excitable cells that communicate information about the body a…
carry information towards the cell body
carry away information from the cell body typically larger+lo…
Neuroglia
the most common cells in the nervous system; assist protect a…
Neurons
excitable cells that communicate information about the body a…
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Antagonist
Fascia
Myofibril
Prime Mover
Muscles that resist a prime mover's action and cause movement…
Layers of connective tissue that separate and individual skel…
Are threadlike and lie parallel to one another. Play a fundam…
A contracting deltoid muscle provides most of the movement al…
Antagonist
Muscles that resist a prime mover's action and cause movement…
Fascia
Layers of connective tissue that separate and individual skel…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
mastication
deglutition
bolus
rooting reflex
Chewing
Swallowing
A ball or lump of masticated food ready to swallow.
Reflex elicited by tactile contact with the mouth region, wit…
mastication
Chewing
deglutition
Swallowing
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 8
synovial, diarthrotic
cartilaginous, amphiarthoses
fibrous, synarthroses
suture
freely movable
slightly movable
immovable
skull (fibrous)
synovial, diarthrotic
freely movable
cartilaginous, amphiarthoses
slightly movable
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8
Functional junctions between bones
Study of joints
Study of joint movement
Immovable joints
Articulation
Arthrology
Kinesiology
Synarthrotic
Functional junctions between bones
Articulation
Study of joints
Arthrology
41 terms
holes anatomy and physiology chapter 8
frontalis
occipitalis
masseter
sternocleidomastoid
raises eyebrows
chewing muscles
together they flex the head forward
frontalis
raises eyebrows
occipitalis
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 8
Deglutition
Mastication
Infant goals (starting at 32 weeks of…
Infant is capable of ________ while sw…
process of swallowing
chewing (process of preparing food for swallowing
nutrition through the rooting reflex (looking for the nipple…
sucking
Deglutition
process of swallowing
Mastication
chewing (process of preparing food for swallowing
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
joint
synarthrotic
amphiarthrotic
diarthrotic
site where two or more bones meet or articulate
immovable joint
slightly movable joint
freely movable joint
joint
site where two or more bones meet or articulate
synarthrotic
immovable joint
64 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy and Physiology
sensation
chemoreceptors
nocireceptors
thermoreceptors
any type of information that we are bringing in from our envi…
respond to chemicals in solution; particularly located in nas…
activated by intense stimuli (what we perceive as pain); nake…
respond to changes in temperature
sensation
any type of information that we are bringing in from our envi…
chemoreceptors
respond to chemicals in solution; particularly located in nas…
71 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Prime mover
Agonist
Synergist
Antagonist
Muscle responsible for a particular body movement. Also calle…
Muscle responsible for a body movement. Also called a prime m…
Muscles that assist the action of a prime mover.
A muscle that opposes a prime mover.
Prime mover
Muscle responsible for a particular body movement. Also calle…
Agonist
Muscle responsible for a body movement. Also called a prime m…
21 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8 review
Epidermis
Eccrine glands
Papilloma virus
Cuticle
Outermost layer of the skin
What glands regulate body temperature
Causes warts
Fold of tissue that covers nail root
Epidermis
Outermost layer of the skin
Eccrine glands
What glands regulate body temperature
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8
Synarthrotic
Amphiarthrotic
Diarthrotic
Fibrous
immovable functional classification of joints
slightly movable functional classification of joints
freely movable functional classification of joints
joints joined by dense connective tissue, synarthrotic
Synarthrotic
immovable functional classification of joints
Amphiarthrotic
slightly movable functional classification of joints
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
3 types of muscle tissue
3 main functions of the muscle
Smooth muscle cell
Cardiac vs. skeletal muscle
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth
Regulate body temperature, support, movement
3 types of muscle tissue
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth
3 main functions of the muscle
Regulate body temperature, support, movement
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
What are consumers and what can they d…
What are producers and what can they d…
What is the stuff called that captures…
What is the function of the stomata?
They depend on producers to make the food they are going to eat
They make the food for consumers to eat. They depend on the s…
Chlorophyll is located in the chloroplasts
It is an opening is the leaves to let in water and carbon dio…
What are consumers and what can they d…
They depend on producers to make the food they are going to eat
What are producers and what can they d…
They make the food for consumers to eat. They depend on the s…
32 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8
joint (articulation)
synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
fibrous joints
The junction of two or more bones
Immovable joint
A slightly movable joint
Bones joined by fibrous tissue; no joint cavity is present
joint (articulation)
The junction of two or more bones
synarthrosis
Immovable joint
77 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy/Physiology
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Bones
Skeletal System
The bones of the shoulders, upper extremities, hips, and lowe…
The bones of the head, chest, and back
The 206 individual pieces of the skeleton. Bone is known as o…
Body system that consists of all of the bones, ligaments, and…
Appendicular Skeleton
The bones of the shoulders, upper extremities, hips, and lowe…
Axial Skeleton
The bones of the head, chest, and back
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