Study sets matching "anatomy physiology heart science"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology heart science"

9 terms
Apologia Science Anatomy and Physiology (Lesson 8) Heart
Aorta
superior vena cava
right ventricle
right atrium
Aorta
superior vena cava
67 terms
Anatomy and physiology: heart
The heart has ? protective membranes a…
Heart is enclosed in a double wall sac…
How many chambers of the heart
How many valves
2
Pericardial sac
4
4
The heart has ? protective membranes a…
2
Heart is enclosed in a double wall sac…
Pericardial sac
35 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Heart Structures
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
coronary sinus
right atrium
blood from head and arms
blood from trunk and legs
blood from heart muscle
superior vena cava
blood from head and arms
inferior vena cava
blood from trunk and legs
199 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Heart
Where is the heart located?
What sac contains the heart?
What is the bottom portion of the heart?
What intercostal space is the apex loc…
In the mediastinum between the lungs
Pericardial sac in the pericardial cavity
The apex
5th
Where is the heart located?
In the mediastinum between the lungs
What sac contains the heart?
Pericardial sac in the pericardial cavity
30 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - The Heart
pulmonary circut
systemic circuit
pericardium
myocardium
sends deoxygenated blood to the lungs
sends oxygenated blood and nutrients to the body
encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
consists mostly of cardiac muscle tissue that pumps blood out…
pulmonary circut
sends deoxygenated blood to the lungs
systemic circuit
sends oxygenated blood and nutrients to the body
42 terms
Heart Anatomy and Physiology
Describe the location of the heart usi…
The heart is surrounded by 2 serous me…
What is found in the pericardial space…
What are the 3 layers of the heart wal…
In the ventral body cavity;... In the thoracic body cavity;... In t…
Parietal pericardium = superficial... Visceral pericardium = deep
Pericardial fluid is found in the space between the two visce…
Epicardium = superficial layer... Myocardium = middle layer... Endo…
Describe the location of the heart usi…
In the ventral body cavity;... In the thoracic body cavity;... In t…
The heart is surrounded by 2 serous me…
Parietal pericardium = superficial... Visceral pericardium = deep
Anatomy and Physiology II: The Heart
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic Circuit
Functions of the Heart
Size of the heart
Right side of the heart, carries blood to LUNGS for GAS EXCHA…
Left side of the heart, supplies blood to ALL ORGANS OF THE B…
Generating blood pressure, ... Routing blood (Heart separates p…
A closed fist
Pulmonary Circuit
Right side of the heart, carries blood to LUNGS for GAS EXCHA…
Systemic Circuit
Left side of the heart, supplies blood to ALL ORGANS OF THE B…
115 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY HEART
4 functions of heart
size of heart
shape of heart
where is the heart located?
1. generating BP... 2. routing blood => separates pulmonary/syst…
fist
apex: blunted rounded point of cone... base: flat part at opposi…
thoracic cavity in mediastinum
4 functions of heart
1. generating BP... 2. routing blood => separates pulmonary/syst…
size of heart
fist
111 terms
Anatomy&Physiology 2 (heart physiology)
pericardium
parietal layer
visceral layer
returning vessels
Double walked sac around the heart ... -composed of superficial…
Lines internal surface of fibrous pericardium
Lines surface of heart.... Visceral&Parietal separated by perica…
-right&left pulmonary veins... -superior& inferior vena cava
pericardium
Double walked sac around the heart ... -composed of superficial…
parietal layer
Lines internal surface of fibrous pericardium
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Heart
Vena Cava
Right Atrium
Tricuspid Valve
Pulmonary Valve
Vena Cava
Right Atrium
Anatomy and Physiology: The Heart
Mediastinum
Apex
Base
Pericardium
The cavity located between the lungs and posterior to the ste…
This is the pointed portion of the heart, which is formed by…
This portion of the heart is opposite of the apex and is the…
The membrane that surrounds and protects the heart
Mediastinum
The cavity located between the lungs and posterior to the ste…
Apex
This is the pointed portion of the heart, which is formed by…
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Heart
left ventricle
mediastinum
limits movement of the heart within th…
fibrous pericardium
the apex of the heart is composed mostly of which chamber
within what body compartment is the heart located
what is the function of the pericardial sac
what is a non-elastic tissue layer that composes the outermos…
left ventricle
the apex of the heart is composed mostly of which chamber
mediastinum
within what body compartment is the heart located
Anatomy and Physiology 2: HEART
Description of the heart
Coverings of Heart
Pericarditis
Heart Wall (3 layers)
-Size of a fist ... -Snow-cone shaped... -Weighs less than a pound…
-Heart enclosed in a double-walled sac: pericardium... -Outer: F…
Inflammation of the Pericardium; caused by bacterial infectio…
1. Epicardium: same as visceral layer of serous pericardium…
Description of the heart
-Size of a fist ... -Snow-cone shaped... -Weighs less than a pound…
Coverings of Heart
-Heart enclosed in a double-walled sac: pericardium... -Outer: F…
38 terms
Anatomy & physiology 2: heart
Left common carotid artery
Aortic arch
Left pulmonary artery
Auricle of left atrium
Left common carotid artery
Aortic arch
Anatomy & Physiology Heart Review
"P" Wave
"QRS" Complex
"T" Wave
Aortic semilunar valve
Atria contracts, depolarization.
Ventricles contract, depolarization.
Ventricles relax, repolarization.
The valve between the left ventricle and the aorta.
"P" Wave
Atria contracts, depolarization.
"QRS" Complex
Ventricles contract, depolarization.
Heart Anatomy and Physiology (AAMA)
Apex
Base
What are the 3 layers of the heart wal…
Epicardium
The inferior, pointed portion of the heart that rests on the…
The broader, superior aspect.
Epicardium... Myocardium... Endocardium
Outer layer of heart.
Apex
The inferior, pointed portion of the heart that rests on the…
Base
The broader, superior aspect.
Anatomy & Physiology: Heart Actions
What is the first step of the cardiac…
What is the second step of the cardiac…
What is the third step of the cardiac…
What is the fourth step in the cardiac…
Atria relaxes, blood flows into them from the large attached…
70% of entering blood flows into the ventricles through the a…
Atrial pressure rises, forcing remaining 30% of blood into th…
Atrial relaxes.
What is the first step of the cardiac…
Atria relaxes, blood flows into them from the large attached…
What is the second step of the cardiac…
70% of entering blood flows into the ventricles through the a…
63 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of the Heart
Chordae tendineae
Arteries
Apex
Base
Tendinous cords that attach to the AV valves.
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the…
The pointy part of the heart where it rests on the diaphragm.
The top of the heart; the area from which the great vessels e…
Chordae tendineae
Tendinous cords that attach to the AV valves.
Arteries
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the…
85 terms
Blood & Heart Anatomy/Physiology
3 major functions of blood
Blood is 55% made of _____ and 45% ___…
estimates the volume of packed RBCs pe…
sample of blood contains what 3 layers?
transportation, regulation, protection
plasma; erythrocytes
hematocrit
plasma, buffy coat (white blood cells), erythrocytes
3 major functions of blood
transportation, regulation, protection
Blood is 55% made of _____ and 45% ___…
plasma; erythrocytes
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the heart
Layers of the heart wall
Myocardium
Chambers and valves of the heart
Right Atrium
Epicardium, Myocardium, and Endocardium
Consist of cardinal muscle cells called myofibrils... The layer…
Four hallow chambers: Left and Right Atrium and Left and Righ…
Receives Deoxygenated blood from the veins of the body
Layers of the heart wall
Epicardium, Myocardium, and Endocardium
Myocardium
Consist of cardinal muscle cells called myofibrils... The layer…
22 terms
Physiology lab heart (for anatomy)
Heart
Location of heart
Properties of the heart
Anatomy of heart
3 layers: endocardium (innermost; made of endothelium), myoca…
Thoracic cavity, called mediastinum... Superior: transverse thor…
Striated muscle... Muscle fibers made up of continuous network o…
Left ventricle is thicker and more pronounced... Interatrial sep…
Heart
3 layers: endocardium (innermost; made of endothelium), myoca…
Location of heart
Thoracic cavity, called mediastinum... Superior: transverse thor…
198 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Heart
Where is the heart located?
What sac contains the heart?
What is the bottom portion of the heart?
What intercostal space is the apex loc…
In the mediastinum between the lungs
Pericardial sac in the pericardial cavity
The apex
5th
Where is the heart located?
In the mediastinum between the lungs
What sac contains the heart?
Pericardial sac in the pericardial cavity
20 terms
The Heart (anatomy and physiology 2)
Pericardium
fibrous pericardium
serous pericardium
Parietal layer (serous pericardium)
3 layer sac that surrounds and protects the heart
tough inelastic fibrous connective tissue sac that anchors th…
a thin, delicate, double-layered membrane
adheres to fibrous pericardium
Pericardium
3 layer sac that surrounds and protects the heart
fibrous pericardium
tough inelastic fibrous connective tissue sac that anchors th…
Anatomy & Physiology II: The Heart
Pulmonary Ciruit
Systemic circuit
Right atrium
Right ventricle
Carries blood to and from the lungs
transports blood to and from the rest of the body
receives CO2 blood from the systemic circuit
sends CO2 blood to the lungs
Pulmonary Ciruit
Carries blood to and from the lungs
Systemic circuit
transports blood to and from the rest of the body
Anatomy and Physiology Heart vocab
pulmonary circuit
veins
ventricle
Apex of the heart
carries blood to the lungs for gas exchange and returns it to…
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
Bottom portion of the heart, thicker walled and larger
lower tip of the heart
pulmonary circuit
carries blood to the lungs for gas exchange and returns it to…
veins
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
89 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the Heart SLOs
The lining of the inner walls of the h…
The outermost layer of the serous peri…
The natural pacemaker of the heart is…
The electrical conduction network foun…
Endocardium
Parietal pericardium
Sinoatrial node
Purkinje fibers
The lining of the inner walls of the h…
Endocardium
The outermost layer of the serous peri…
Parietal pericardium
34 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Heart Structures
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
coronary sinus
right atrium
blood from head and arms
blood from trunk and legs
blood from heart muscle
superior vena cava
blood from head and arms
inferior vena cava
blood from trunk and legs
21 terms
Blood and Heart Anatomy and Physiology
Plasma
7.35-7.45
nutrients, wastes, and respiratory gases
Hemoglobin
Non-living matrix of the blood
Blood PH Normal Range
Plasma transports what three elements
protein molecule in blood that carries oxygen and contains iron
Plasma
Non-living matrix of the blood
7.35-7.45
Blood PH Normal Range
Anatomy & Physiology 2: Heart practical
Bicuspid - mitral valve
Left Atrium
Left Ventricle
aortic Semilunar Valve
Bicuspid - mitral valve
Left Atrium
7 terms
Heart Anatomy and Physiology
arteries
veins
cardiac muscle
transportation
carry blood away from the heart, high pressure, no valves
carry blood to the heart, low pressure, with valves
short, fat, branched, and interconnected
respiration, nutrient carrier, transportation
arteries
carry blood away from the heart, high pressure, no valves
veins
carry blood to the heart, low pressure, with valves
122 terms
Heart Anatomy and Physiology
CO=SVx HR
end diastolic pressure- end systolic p…
BP=COxTPR
MVO2=HRxSBP
What is the equation of CO?
What is the equation for SV?
What is the equation for BP?
What is the eqution for MVO2
CO=SVx HR
What is the equation of CO?
end diastolic pressure- end systolic p…
What is the equation for SV?
38 terms
Animal Anatomy & Physiology Heart
What is hardware disease?
How can hardware disease affect the he…
Epicardium
Myocardium
If a sharp metallic object is swallowed, it stays in the reti…
Cardiac tamponade: compression around the heart due to build…
visceral layer of serous pericardium
inner most lining, cardiac muscle layer is the bulk of the he…
What is hardware disease?
If a sharp metallic object is swallowed, it stays in the reti…
How can hardware disease affect the he…
Cardiac tamponade: compression around the heart due to build…
Heart Anatomy (exercise physiology)
Superior vena cava
right pulmonary artery
right pulmonary veins
right atrium
Identify # 1
Identify # 2
Identify # 3
Identify # 4
Superior vena cava
Identify # 1
right pulmonary artery
Identify # 2
55 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Heart Structures
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
coronary sinus
right atrium
blood from head and arms
blood from trunk and legs
blood from heart muscle
superior vena cava
blood from head and arms
inferior vena cava
blood from trunk and legs
84 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Heart
mediastinum
pericarditis
atria
ventricles
the medial cavity of the thorax containing the heart, great v…
inflammation that roughens the serous membrane surface of the…
2 superior chambers of the heart
2 inferior chamber of the heart
mediastinum
the medial cavity of the thorax containing the heart, great v…
pericarditis
inflammation that roughens the serous membrane surface of the…
34 terms
Anatomy and physiology - Heart
Myocardium
Ventricles
Valves
Left atrium
The major portion of the heart and largely cardiac muscle tis…
The strongest pumping chambers
The feature of the heart that prevents the backflips of blood
The part of the heart that receives blood from the lungs
Myocardium
The major portion of the heart and largely cardiac muscle tis…
Ventricles
The strongest pumping chambers
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology HEART
Interventricular Sulcus
Left Ventricle
Right Ventricle
Left Atrium
Divides ventricles; a groove. Goes over septum; outside papil…
Interventricular Sulcus
Divides ventricles; a groove. Goes over septum; outside papil…
Left Ventricle
113 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II - Heart
Heart
Apex
Base
Atrioventricular sulcus
Consists of two pumps that propel blood to two different dest…
The point of the cone, points toward left hip
Portion of heart flattened on its posterior side facing the p…
An indentation found at the boundary between the atria and ve…
Heart
Consists of two pumps that propel blood to two different dest…
Apex
The point of the cone, points toward left hip
39 terms
Heart Anatomy and Physiology
arteries
veins
cardiac muscle
transportation
carry blood away from the heart, high pressure, no valves
carry blood to the heart, low pressure, with valves
short, fat, branched, and interconnected
FUNCTION: respiration, nutrient carrier
arteries
carry blood away from the heart, high pressure, no valves
veins
carry blood to the heart, low pressure, with valves
Normal Heart Anatomy and Physiology
The Heart
Mediastinum between the lungs
Fibrous pericardium- outer... Parietal pe…
Fibrous Pericardium
double sided muscular pump that circulates oxygenated and deo…
Where is the heart located?
What are the 3 pericardial membranes that enclose the heart?
extends onto the diaphragm and blood vessels entering and exi…
The Heart
double sided muscular pump that circulates oxygenated and deo…
Mediastinum between the lungs
Where is the heart located?
29 terms
heart anatomy and physiology
pericardium
pericardial cavity
parietal pericardium
visceral pericardium
double-walled sac around the heart composed of a superficial…
contains pericardial fluid
non elastic layer of the heart that lines the internal surfac…
lines the surface of the heart
pericardium
double-walled sac around the heart composed of a superficial…
pericardial cavity
contains pericardial fluid
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Heart Parts
Superior to Diaphragm, left of midline…
Pericardium
a fibrous and serous pericardium
the epicardium
Where is the heart located?
What is a doubled walled sac around the heart?
What is the pericardium composed of?
What lines the surface of the heart?
Superior to Diaphragm, left of midline…
Where is the heart located?
Pericardium
What is a doubled walled sac around the heart?
Anatomy & Physiology of the heart
Septa
Left side
Right side
How many valves are in the heart?
Separate right and left sides of the heart... location: atrial +…
pumps blood to body
pumps blood to lungs
four
Septa
Separate right and left sides of the heart... location: atrial +…
Left side
pumps blood to body
Anatomy & Physiology-Heart
Size of Heart
Location of Heart
Mediastinum
Pericardium
A closed fist, 8-10 ounces or 1/2 a pound, 12 centimeters lon…
Lies inside the mediastinum
Mass of tissue that extends from the sternum to the vertebrae…
Membrane surrounding and protecting the heart, holds heart in…
Size of Heart
A closed fist, 8-10 ounces or 1/2 a pound, 12 centimeters lon…
Location of Heart
Lies inside the mediastinum
Anatomy and physiology heart review
Heart dimension
Location of the apex and the base
Endocardium
Myocardium
5.5 " x 3.5
Apex-5th intercostal space... Base - 2nd rib
Inner layer of heart (covered chambers and valve )
Middle layer of heart (muscle)
Heart dimension
5.5 " x 3.5
Location of the apex and the base
Apex-5th intercostal space... Base - 2nd rib
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- The Heart
The chamber of the heart with the thic…
The phase of heart contraction is call…
The phase of relaxation is called _____.
The Frank-Starling Law of the heart eq…
Left Ventricle
Systole
Diastole
True
The chamber of the heart with the thic…
Left Ventricle
The phase of heart contraction is call…
Systole
Human Anatomy and Physiology: The Heart
Where is the heart located?
What is pericardial fluid?
What is another name for visceral laye…
What is the myocardium?
In between you lungs, slightly to the left of the breastbone
The serous fluid secreted by the serous layer of the pericard…
Epicardium
The muscle layer of the heart
Where is the heart located?
In between you lungs, slightly to the left of the breastbone
What is pericardial fluid?
The serous fluid secreted by the serous layer of the pericard…
59 terms
Anatomy - heart physiology
intrinsic Conduction of heart rate
autorhythmic cells... -*location*... -func…
Autorhythmic cell location - *Sinoatri…
Atrioventricular (AV) node
-Heart depolarizes & contracts (has its own rhythm) & DOESN'T…
-found in SA node... -noncontractile... -INITIATE NERVE IMPULSES OF…
-very top of right atrium... -PACEMAKER of the heart!!!!!!!!…
-junction btwn the atria and ventricles... -receives impulse fro…
intrinsic Conduction of heart rate
-Heart depolarizes & contracts (has its own rhythm) & DOESN'T…
autorhythmic cells... -*location*... -func…
-found in SA node... -noncontractile... -INITIATE NERVE IMPULSES OF…
Anatomy and Physiology (Heart)
Define circulatory system (cardiovascu…
What does the circulatory system consi…
What does the circulatory system trans…
What is often called the "pump" of the…
Often referred to as the "transportation" system of the body.
Heart, blood vessels, and blood.
Oxygen and nutrients to the body cells and carbon dioxide and…
The heart; a muscular hollow organ.
Define circulatory system (cardiovascu…
Often referred to as the "transportation" system of the body.
What does the circulatory system consi…
Heart, blood vessels, and blood.
The Heart Anatomy and Physiology
Mediastinum
2/3 of the heart's mass is to
Top of the heart is level with
The apex projects
Area between the lungs the heart lies, attached to diaphragm
The left of the midline ... (Length-12cm, width-9cm, thick-6cm)
2nd intercostal space
Down between 5th-6th ribs
Mediastinum
Area between the lungs the heart lies, attached to diaphragm
2/3 of the heart's mass is to
The left of the midline ... (Length-12cm, width-9cm, thick-6cm)
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