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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology human biology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology human biology"

16 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy/Physiology
Starting from body cells, trace the fl…
Which structure is a maturation and st…
Describe the path and the changes that…
What is the function of the placenta?
1. body cells... 2. vena cava... 3. right atrium... 4. right ventricle…
epididymis
the zygote divides, as it moves along the oviduct also known…
provides nutrients and oxygen to the embryo and gets rid of m…
Starting from body cells, trace the fl…
1. body cells... 2. vena cava... 3. right atrium... 4. right ventricle…
Which structure is a maturation and st…
epididymis
118 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
epithelial
nervous tissue
muscle
connective
____ tissue: covering of either inside or outside body; strat…
type of tissue that carries out signal transmission
____ tissue: carries out movement
____ tissue: various function; includes adipose tissue, carti…
epithelial
____ tissue: covering of either inside or outside body; strat…
nervous tissue
type of tissue that carries out signal transmission
102 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anterior (ventral)
Posterior (dorsal)
Superior
Inferior
toward the front
toward the back
upward toward the head
downward toward the feet
Anterior (ventral)
toward the front
Posterior (dorsal)
toward the back
29 terms
Biology Human Anatomy and Physiology
Mouth
Small intestine
Liver
Alveoli
where digestion begins
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place
organ that makes bile to break down fats; also filters poison…
Tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gase…
Mouth
where digestion begins
Small intestine
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place
BIOLOGY HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross or macroscopic anatomy
Regional anatomy
scientific discipline that investigates the body's structures…
scientific investigation of the processes or functions of liv…
structures examined without a microscope
studies all structures in a particular area of the body
Anatomy
scientific discipline that investigates the body's structures…
Physiology
scientific investigation of the processes or functions of liv…
13 terms
Human Biology- Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Atoms
Cells
the study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
tiny building blocks of matter which combine to form molecule…
the smallest units of all living things
Anatomy
the study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
Physiology
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
42 terms
Biology - human anatomy and physiology
Positive feedback
Negative feedback
Superior (cephalon or cranial)
Inferior
Strengthen or reinforce a change in one of the bodys controll…
Reverses the change in a cintrolled condition
Toward the head, or upper part of the structure
Away from the head, or the lower part of a structure
Positive feedback
Strengthen or reinforce a change in one of the bodys controll…
Negative feedback
Reverses the change in a cintrolled condition
92 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
the tissue that line the interior and…
connective tussle include fat cells, _…
the brain, ____ , and nerves are made…
voluntary and involuntary movements ar…
epithelial
bone
spinal cord
muscle
the tissue that line the interior and…
epithelial
connective tussle include fat cells, _…
bone
88 terms
Biology "Human Anatomy and Physiology"
anatomy
physiology
histology
tissues
the study of shape and structure of an organism and its parts
the study of the function of an organism and its parts
the study of tissues
groups of cells that work together to perform a similar funct…
anatomy
the study of shape and structure of an organism and its parts
physiology
the study of the function of an organism and its parts
71 terms
Biology-Human Anatomy and Physiology
Tissues
Epithelial
What is the function of the skeletal s…
Osteoblasts
-group of cells performing a common function... -study of tissue…
-functions as a covering of either the inside or outside of t…
-protection, movement (along with muscles), mineral storage (…
cells responsible for making bone
Tissues
-group of cells performing a common function... -study of tissue…
Epithelial
-functions as a covering of either the inside or outside of t…
31 terms
human biology anatomy and physiology
gross anatomy
microscopic anatomy
physiology
histology
study of organisms that deal with organs and tissues visible…
study of the structure of cells tissues and organs of the bod…
the study of the normal function of cell, tissues, organs, sy…
study of tissues
gross anatomy
study of organisms that deal with organs and tissues visible…
microscopic anatomy
study of the structure of cells tissues and organs of the bod…
121 terms
Biology 355 Human Anatomy and Physiology
What is anatomy?
What are the six structural levels of…
What are the twelve body systems?
Define Homeostasis
Study of physical structure of organisms
Chemical Cell... Tissue Organ... Organ system Organism
Integumentary Respiratory... Muscular Lymphatic... Skeletal Digesti…
maintenance of a constant environment within the body... Most of…
What is anatomy?
Study of physical structure of organisms
What are the six structural levels of…
Chemical Cell... Tissue Organ... Organ system Organism
8 terms
biology 9h - human anatomy and physiology
epithelial tissue (function)
epithelial tissue (location)
connective tissue (function)
connective tissue (location)
protection; absorption; excretion
skin; all linings in digestive system
binding of epithelial tissue to structures; support
under skin; surrounding organs; blood; bones
epithelial tissue (function)
protection; absorption; excretion
epithelial tissue (location)
skin; all linings in digestive system
68 terms
PCAT Biology - Human Anatomy and Physiology
Types of tissues
Types of epithelial tissues
Cuboidal
Columnar
Epithelial, Nervous, Muscle and Connective
Cuboidal, Columnar, Squamous
square cells
cells taller than they are wide
Types of tissues
Epithelial, Nervous, Muscle and Connective
Types of epithelial tissues
Cuboidal, Columnar, Squamous
54 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology/Reproduction
Zygote
Mitosis
Specialization/Differentiation
Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Intestines
single diploid cell that results from the fusion of gametes i…
Cell division
Process in which cells develop a specific shape and function
What are the 4 parts of the digestive system?
Zygote
single diploid cell that results from the fusion of gametes i…
Mitosis
Cell division
182 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
19 terms
Biology 242 human anatomy and physiology
what are the components of the Reflex…
What are the two parts of the Central…
What are the 3 Spinal Nerves Given?
Define Amitotic
1. Stimulus, 2. Receptors, 3. Afferent(sensory), 4. Integrati…
Brain and the Spinal Cord
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)- involuntary ... Sympathetic nerv…
Neurons cannot reproduce. no Mitosis.
what are the components of the Reflex…
1. Stimulus, 2. Receptors, 3. Afferent(sensory), 4. Integrati…
What are the two parts of the Central…
Brain and the Spinal Cord
193 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
21 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Atria
Ventricles
Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary Circuit
Two of the upper cavities of the heart
Two of the lower cavities of the heart
Capillaries converge into venules, which in turn converge int…
Sends oxygen-poor blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen and un…
Atria
Two of the upper cavities of the heart
Ventricles
Two of the lower cavities of the heart
42 terms
Biology 2010 (Human Anatomy & Physiology 1)
(Chem.Basic)... States of matter?... All m…
Matter:
(atomic structure)... what charges do the…
(atomic structure)... Electrons:... Electron…
Solid... liquids... gas... Atoms
has mass and occupies space
protons=positivly charged... nuetrons= neutral; no charge
Electron shell:orbits nucleus (ENERGY LEVEL)... (*note one near…
(Chem.Basic)... States of matter?... All m…
Solid... liquids... gas... Atoms
Matter:
has mass and occupies space
90 terms
Chapter 6 Human Anatomy and Physiology
bones of skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cartilages
axial and appendicular skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
bones of the upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder and…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
bones of skeleton
axial and appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
182 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
17 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Circulatory System
Circulatory System
Arteries
Veins
Arterioles
the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body,…
Carry blood away from the heart (red)
Carry blood to the heart (blue)
Little arteries
Circulatory System
the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body,…
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart (red)
24 terms
Biology Honors: Human Anatomy & Physiology Study Guide
In what order does blood flow through…
What structure is a maturation and sto…
Describe the path and the changes that…
What is the function of the placenta?
1. Vena Cava... 2. Right Atrium... 3. Right Ventricle... 4. Pulmonary…
The epididymus
1. Zygote- fertilized egg divides as it moves along the ovidu…
Placenta provides nutrients and oxygen to the embryo and gets…
In what order does blood flow through…
1. Vena Cava... 2. Right Atrium... 3. Right Ventricle... 4. Pulmonary…
What structure is a maturation and sto…
The epididymus
191 terms
Human Biology Chapter 1 intro to anatomy and physiology
Common function of living things
responsivness
adaption
growth
responsiveness... growth... reproduction... movement... maintain boundari…
organisms change in response to a stimulus in its enviroment
if change is permanent and encoded into the DNA to help striv…
increase in size, numbers, or complexity or all 3.
Common function of living things
responsiveness... growth... reproduction... movement... maintain boundari…
responsivness
organisms change in response to a stimulus in its enviroment
95 terms
Biology Chp 20 Human Anatomy & Physiology
Complex inborn reaction
A response that is followed by a reinf…
The study of shape and structure of an…
The study of the function of living th…
Instinct
Learned Behavior
Anatomy
Physiology
Complex inborn reaction
Instinct
A response that is followed by a reinf…
Learned Behavior
53 terms
Chapter 1 biology human anatomy and physiology lecture
anatomy
subdivisions of anatomy
gross anatomy
embryology
study of structure and the relationship of structures
surface, gross, systemic
with out using a microscope
structures that emerge from the time of the fertilized egg th…
anatomy
study of structure and the relationship of structures
subdivisions of anatomy
surface, gross, systemic
37 terms
biology ch 19 human anatomy and physiology
anatomy
physiology
a line dividing the body into right an…
anatomical position
study of the shapes and structures of an organism and it's pa…
study of the functions of a living org and its parts
sagittal
when a person is standing erect with arms at his sides, with…
anatomy
study of the shapes and structures of an organism and it's pa…
physiology
study of the functions of a living org and its parts
24 terms
Biology-Unit 8: Human Anatomy and Physiology
Absorption
Appendix
Anus
Borborygmi
Taking in nutrients through the small intestine
A worm like organ attached to the junction of the small and l…
The lower opening of the intestinal tract
Intestinal gurgling sounds
Absorption
Taking in nutrients through the small intestine
Appendix
A worm like organ attached to the junction of the small and l…
39 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
skeletal system
arm and shoulder bones
hand bones
rib cage (ribs and sternum)
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
scapula, clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna.
carpals, metacarpals, phalanges
The bony frame formed by the ribs around the chest. It protec…
skeletal system
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
arm and shoulder bones
scapula, clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna.
36 terms
biology ch.10 Human Anatomy and Physiology
anterior (ventral)
posterior (dorsal)
superior
inferior
toward the front
toward the back
upward toward the head
downward toward the feet
anterior (ventral)
toward the front
posterior (dorsal)
toward the back
23 terms
Biology Test Review - Human Anatomy/Physiology
Which structure is a maturation and st…
Describe the path and the changes that…
What is the function of the placenta?
What is the function of the amnion?
The edpididymus
The zygote divides as it moves along the oviduct in a morula…
It provides nutrients and oxygen to the embryo and gets rid o…
A fluid sack that provides and cushions the embryo/fetus
Which structure is a maturation and st…
The edpididymus
Describe the path and the changes that…
The zygote divides as it moves along the oviduct in a morula…
23 terms
Honors Human Biology- Intro to Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
The Principle of Complementarity
Integumentary System
Structure/form of body parts
Function of what the body parts do and how they do it
What a structure can do depends on its form
Forms external body covering. Protects deeper tissue from inj…
Anatomy
Structure/form of body parts
Physiology
Function of what the body parts do and how they do it
15 terms
Biology Test Review Human Anatomy/Physiology
Flow of blood
Which structure is a maturation and st…
Describe the path and the changes that…
What is the function of the placenta?
See page
The epididmis.
A zygote is a fertilized egg that divides as it moves along t…
The placenta is the organ which provides nutrients and oxygen…
Flow of blood
See page
Which structure is a maturation and st…
The epididmis.
22 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Humidity
Mucus
Mucous Membranes
nose, trachea and lungs
water vapor in the air
sticky stuff in your lungs that dust and other bad things sti…
a special kind of tissue that produces mucus
Respiratory System
nose, trachea and lungs
Humidity
water vapor in the air
46 terms
Human Biology II-Anatomy & Physiology-Blood
Functions of the Circulatory System
Formed Elements of Blood
Composition of Blood
Major Components of Whole Blood
Distribution... Regulation... Protection
Erythrocytes... Leukocytes... Platelets
Erythrocytes (RBC)... Leukocytes (WBC)... Platelets (cell fragments…
1000 RBC... 1 WBC... 20 Platelets
Functions of the Circulatory System
Distribution... Regulation... Protection
Formed Elements of Blood
Erythrocytes... Leukocytes... Platelets
169 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Midterm
anatomy
physiology
homeostasis
requirements of organisms:
structure of the body and it's parts (nomenclature)
study of the function (experiments)
maintenance of a stable internal environment - despite fluctu…
H2O(most abundant substance in body), food (provides nutrient…
anatomy
structure of the body and it's parts (nomenclature)
physiology
study of the function (experiments)
60 terms
Human Biology II-Anatomy & Physiology-Heart
Chambers of the Heart
AV Valves
Pulmonary Circuit
Systematic Circuit
Atria (R&L) and Ventricles (R&L)
Tricuspid (R) and Bicuspid (L)... Allow blood flow FROM Atria to…
To and from capillary beds associated with alveoli in the lun…
To and from capillary beds associated with the rest of the bo…
Chambers of the Heart
Atria (R&L) and Ventricles (R&L)
AV Valves
Tricuspid (R) and Bicuspid (L)... Allow blood flow FROM Atria to…
34 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Tissues
epithelial tissue
squamous
cuboidal
columnar
tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little…
epithelium: flat
epithelium: cube-shaped
epithelium: greater in height than width
epithelial tissue
tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little…
squamous
epithelium: flat
15 terms
Biology - Unit 3 - Human Anatomy and Physiology
zygote
mitosis
specialization or differentiation
digestive system
a single cell
cell division -> humans grow as a result
process in which cells develop a specific shape and function
1. food is broken down (polymers into monomers) so that it is…
zygote
a single cell
mitosis
cell division -> humans grow as a result
66 terms
Biology 232 Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Chemistry
Chemical Reactions...
Biochemistry
Matter
The study of the composition, properties, and reactions of ma…
Underlie all physiological processes in the human body
the study of the chemical composition and reactions of living…
anything that has mass and occupies space
Chemistry
The study of the composition, properties, and reactions of ma…
Chemical Reactions...
Underlie all physiological processes in the human body
39 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Circulatory system
Blood
Heart
Arteries
System that transports blood around body
Liquid that carries oxygen, glucose, and other nutrients to c…
Muscle that pumps blood around body
Vessels that carry blood away from heart
Circulatory system
System that transports blood around body
Blood
Liquid that carries oxygen, glucose, and other nutrients to c…
12 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
sympathetic nervous system
parasympathetic nervous system
Anatomy containing the parts of the brain and spinal cord. CN…
All anatomy outside the brain and spinal cord. Serves as comm…
Part of the autonomic nervous system, operates the "flight or…
Part of the autonomic nervous system, tends to relax body sys…
central nervous system
Anatomy containing the parts of the brain and spinal cord. CN…
peripheral nervous system
All anatomy outside the brain and spinal cord. Serves as comm…
67 terms
Biology 102 Human Anatomy and Physiology Part 1
epithelial, connective, nerve, muscle
epithelial tissue
the underlying organs
closely packed, very little space betw…
What are the four animal tissue types?
What type of tissue covers the surface of the body and the su…
What do the epithelial tissue protect?
Discuss the epithelial tissue in terms of cell arrangement
epithelial, connective, nerve, muscle
What are the four animal tissue types?
epithelial tissue
What type of tissue covers the surface of the body and the su…
38 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal
Acromial
Antebrachial
Antecubital
Anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
Point of shoulder
Forearm
Anterior surface of elbow
Abdominal
Anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
Acromial
Point of shoulder
40 terms
IB SL Biology - Human Physiology & Anatomy Terms
peristalsis
mucosa
submucosa
longitudinal muscle layer
waves of muscle contraction that pass food along to the intes…
the space in the small intestine between the villi and the su…
the innermost membrane of the small intestine
a membrane of the small intestine that lays between the submu…
peristalsis
waves of muscle contraction that pass food along to the intes…
mucosa
the space in the small intestine between the villi and the su…
55 terms
Advanced Biology: Intro to Human Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal
Acromial
Antebrachial
Antecubital
The region between the thorax and pelvis
The point of the shoulder
The forearm
The space in front of the elbow
Abdominal
The region between the thorax and pelvis
Acromial
The point of the shoulder
32 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Histology
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
The study of tissues
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
supports, protects, and binds other tissues together
composed of cells or fibers, contracts to cause movement
Histology
The study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
73 terms
Biology 2 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
Deals with the structure (morphology)…
Studies the functions of these parts o…
Distinguish between Anatomy and Physio…
Simplest level. Microscopic particles…
Anatomy
Physiology
The two disciplines are closely interrelated because the func…
Atoms
Deals with the structure (morphology)…
Anatomy
Studies the functions of these parts o…
Physiology
25 terms
Biology B Human Anatomy and Physiology Vocab
Homeostasis
Neuron
Neurotransmitter
Cerebrum
Process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable inter…
Cell that carries messages throughout the nervous system.
Chemical used by a neuron to transmit an impulse across a syn…
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of…
Homeostasis
Process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable inter…
Neuron
Cell that carries messages throughout the nervous system.
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