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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology medical terminology chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology medical terminology chapter 6"

Medical Terminology Chapter 6 - Anatomy and Physiology
musculoskeletal
orthopedic
athralgia
ataxia
the skeletal and muscular systems combined
a branch of medicine that focuses on diseases of the skeletal…
a condition of joint pain
the inability to coordinate muscles during voluntary activity
musculoskeletal
the skeletal and muscular systems combined
orthopedic
a branch of medicine that focuses on diseases of the skeletal…
Medical Terminology (Chapter 6- Anatomy and Physiology)
The skeletal system is composed of___b…
name the two main divisions of the ske…
5 classifications of bone
six functions of bones
206
axial, appendicular
flat, long, short, irregular, sesamoid
provide: shape; protection for internal organs; storage of mi…
The skeletal system is composed of___b…
206
name the two main divisions of the ske…
axial, appendicular
62 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 6 Anatomy and Physiology
Gastrointestinal System
GI Tract (Alimentary Canal)
Billrubin
Bolus
What is another name for the digestive system
What is a digestive tube called
What is a orange-yellow pigment formed during destruction of…
What is a mass of masticated food ready to be swallowed
Gastrointestinal System
What is another name for the digestive system
GI Tract (Alimentary Canal)
What is a digestive tube called
34 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 6: Anatomy and Physiology Terms
arthr/o, articul/o
burs/o
carp/o
chondr/o
joint
purse or sac, bursa
wrist
gristle, cartilage
arthr/o, articul/o
joint
burs/o
purse or sac, bursa
99 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 6: Digestive System (Anatomy & Physiology key terms)
Digestive system
GI (gastrointestinal) tract
Accessory organs of digestion
digestion
Also called: gastrointestinal (GI) system. consists of digest…
Also called (alimentary canal) begins at oral cavity (mouth)…
liver, gallbladder & pancreas
breaks food into nutrients to nourish the body.
Digestive system
Also called: gastrointestinal (GI) system. consists of digest…
GI (gastrointestinal) tract
Also called (alimentary canal) begins at oral cavity (mouth)…
Medical Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
What does CNS include?
What does PNS include?
How many pairs of spinal nerves?
Sensory
Brain and Spinal cord
Cranial nerves and nerves from spinal cord
31
Receive a stimulus
What does CNS include?
Brain and Spinal cord
What does PNS include?
Cranial nerves and nerves from spinal cord
90 terms
Chapter 6 : Medical Terminology, Anatomy, and Physiology of Organ Systems
acidosis
adrenals
alkalosis
alveolar sacs
...
...
...
...
acidosis
...
adrenals
...
380 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
osseous tissue
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
remodeling
osteology
what is another name for bone tissue?
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
the construction of new bone tissue and breaking down of old…
the study of bone structure and ... treatment of bone disorders
osseous tissue
what is another name for bone tissue?
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
60 terms
Chapter 6 Anatomy and Physiology
Cells are made up of a colorless, jell…
The principal parts of the cell are th…
The center of the cell contains the __…
The protoplasm of a cell that surround…
protoplasm
nucleus, cytoplasm, and cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
Cells are made up of a colorless, jell…
protoplasm
The principal parts of the cell are th…
nucleus, cytoplasm, and cell membrane
63 terms
Physiology: Medical Terminology Chapter 6
What are the three accessory organs as…
Name the three parts of the small inte…
Name the first four sections of the co…
Describe the shape, location, and func…
Liver, gallbladder, pancreas
Duodenum: first segment ... Jejunum: Second segment ... Ileum: thir…
Ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid
Elongated, flattened organ posterior and slightly inferior to…
What are the three accessory organs as…
Liver, gallbladder, pancreas
Name the three parts of the small inte…
Duodenum: first segment ... Jejunum: Second segment ... Ileum: thir…
21 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6
Trapezius
Deltoid
Latissimus dorsi
Pectoralis major
Lifts shoulder blade... Braces shoulder... Draws head back
Raises arm
Rotates and draws arm backward and toward body
Draws arm forward and toward body
Trapezius
Lifts shoulder blade... Braces shoulder... Draws head back
Deltoid
Raises arm
61 terms
Anatomy, Physiology, and Medical Terminology
Anatomy
Physiology
Anatomical Position
Supine Position
Structure of the body and the relationship of its parts to ea…
Function 0f the living body and its parts.
How the body is positioned.
Lying face up on back.
Anatomy
Structure of the body and the relationship of its parts to ea…
Physiology
Function 0f the living body and its parts.
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Terminology - Chapter 6
Arthros-
Cranio-
Infra-
Osteon-
Joint
Skull
Beneath
Bone
Arthros-
Joint
Cranio-
Skull
90 terms
Chapter 6 Human Anatomy and Physiology
bones of skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cartilages
axial and appendicular skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
bones of the upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder and…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
bones of skeleton
axial and appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
40 terms
chapter 6 anatomy and physiology
cell metabolism
tissue
organ
nerve tissues
a chemical process that takes place in living organism, where…
Collection of similar cells that perform a particular function
groups of tissues designed to perform z specific functions... A…
carries messages to and from the brain. nerve tissue is compo…
cell metabolism
a chemical process that takes place in living organism, where…
tissue
Collection of similar cells that perform a particular function
96 terms
Chapter 6 Anatomy Physiology
Periosteum
Endochondral
Epiphyses
Hyaline
The membranous outer covering of a long bone
The method of ossification forming most bones
The enlarged ends of a long bone
Articular cartilage is an example of this cartilage type
Periosteum
The membranous outer covering of a long bone
Endochondral
The method of ossification forming most bones
87 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 6
HEALTH
DISEASE
ETIOLOGY
IDIOPATHIC
PHYSICAL, MENTAL AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING, NOT MERELY THE ABSENC…
AN ABNORMALITY IN BODY FUNCTION THAT THREATENS HEALTH
THE STUDY OF THE FACTORS THAT CAUSE A DISEASE
REFERS TO A DISEASE WITH AN UNKNOWN CAUSE
HEALTH
PHYSICAL, MENTAL AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING, NOT MERELY THE ABSENC…
DISEASE
AN ABNORMALITY IN BODY FUNCTION THAT THREATENS HEALTH
154 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
osseous tissue
remodeling
osteology
6 functions of the skeletal system
what is another name for bone tissue?
the construction of new bone tissue and breaking down of old…
the study of bone structure and ... treatment of bone disorders
support... protection... assistance in movement... mineral homeostasis…
osseous tissue
what is another name for bone tissue?
remodeling
the construction of new bone tissue and breaking down of old…
380 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
osseous tissue
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
remodeling
osteology
what is another name for bone tissue?
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
the construction of new bone tissue and breaking down of old…
the study of bone structure and ... treatment of bone disorders
osseous tissue
what is another name for bone tissue?
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 6
What are the five primary functions of…
What are the 6 bones shapes?
What connects the diaphysis and the ep…
Which bone type forms a sturdy protect…
Support... Storage of minerals and lipis... Blood cell production... P…
Sutural bones... Irregular bones... Short bones... Flat bones... Long bon…
Metaphysis
Compact bone
What are the five primary functions of…
Support... Storage of minerals and lipis... Blood cell production... P…
What are the 6 bones shapes?
Sutural bones... Irregular bones... Short bones... Flat bones... Long bon…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 6
Respiratory System
Mucus
Vocal Chords
Alveoli
Nose, trachea and lungs
Sticky substance that removes dirt before your lungs
Strips of tissue that pull tightly to make sound
Balloon-like sacs in the lungs
Respiratory System
Nose, trachea and lungs
Mucus
Sticky substance that removes dirt before your lungs
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 6
physio-
bucc(o)-
palpebr-
-plasia
nature
cheek
eyelid
development
physio-
nature
bucc(o)-
cheek
47 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
functions of integumentary system
epidermis
dermis
subcutaneous layer (hypodermis)
two or more kinds of tissues grouped together and performing…
outer layer, stratified (multiple layers) squamous epithelium
inner layer, contains collagenous and elastic fibers
beneath dermis, areolar and adipose connective tissue
functions of integumentary system
two or more kinds of tissues grouped together and performing…
epidermis
outer layer, stratified (multiple layers) squamous epithelium
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
Skeletal system has these 6 important…
Hemopoiesis
Long bones:... Diaphysis
Long bones:... Epiphysis
1. Provides support... 2. Protects internal organs ... 3. Assists b…
red bone marrow
Bone shaft
2- both ends of the bone at the joints
Skeletal system has these 6 important…
1. Provides support... 2. Protects internal organs ... 3. Assists b…
Hemopoiesis
red bone marrow
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
Epidermis
Keratinocyte
Melanocyte
Tactile Cell
Epithelium of the integument ... Keratinized Stratified Squamou…
Epidermal cell that produces keratin... Protein that strengthen…
Mature Melanin-typically in cell... Apart of the Stratum Basale
Few in number and found scattered among the cells within the…
Epidermis
Epithelium of the integument ... Keratinized Stratified Squamou…
Keratinocyte
Epidermal cell that produces keratin... Protein that strengthen…
70 terms
Medical Terminology-Anatomy & Physiology
logist
leuc, leuk
Mela, melan
iso
One who studies
White
Black, dark
Equal, same
logist
One who studies
leuc, leuk
White
35 terms
Chapter 6- Anatomy & Physiology
cytoplasm
cells
Anatomy
nucleus
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which contains food mate…
Basic units of life
..., Branch of science dealing with the form and structure of…
'Control center' of cell, meaning it controls cellular proces…
cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which contains food mate…
cells
Basic units of life
434 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Medical Terminology
a-, an-
ab-
acou-
ac-, acro-
absence, lack
departing from, away from
hearing
extreme or extremity, peak
a-, an-
absence, lack
ab-
departing from, away from
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
functions of skeletal system
components of skeletal system
cartilage
tendons
1) support... 2) protection... 3) movement... 4) storage... 5) blood cell…
all components are connective tissues... 1) bone ... 2) cartilage... 3…
reduce friction and model for bone formation
attach bone to muscle
functions of skeletal system
1) support... 2) protection... 3) movement... 4) storage... 5) blood cell…
components of skeletal system
all components are connective tissues... 1) bone ... 2) cartilage... 3…
25 terms
Chapter 6 Holes Anatomy and Physiology
List the strata of the skin, in order…
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Stratum Basale, Stratum Spinosum, Stratum Granulosum, Stratum…
Top layer of the skin, made up of epithelial tissue.
The area of skin underneath the epidermis, and above the hypo…
Area underneath the Dermis.
List the strata of the skin, in order…
Stratum Basale, Stratum Spinosum, Stratum Granulosum, Stratum…
Epidermis
Top layer of the skin, made up of epithelial tissue.
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 6
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
51 terms
Chapter 6 - Anatomy & Physiology
Keratinocytes Function
Melanocytes Function
Epidermis
Dermis
Produce the fibrous protein keratin (found in skin, hair, and…
Produce the brown pigment protein melanin which protects the…
Superficial, thinner; keratinized stratified squamous
Middle, thicker; dense irregular
Keratinocytes Function
Produce the fibrous protein keratin (found in skin, hair, and…
Melanocytes Function
Produce the brown pigment protein melanin which protects the…
53 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Skull, ribs, vertebra, vertebra column
Limbs, pelvis, scapula, carpals, tarsals
Immovable joints
Slightly movable joints
Axial skeleton
Skull, ribs, vertebra, vertebra column
Appendicular skeleton
Limbs, pelvis, scapula, carpals, tarsals
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 6
Red Bone Marrow
Hemopoiesis
Yellow Bone Marrow
Long Bone
a connective tissue that produces red blood cells, white bloo…
formation of all blood cells which occurs in red bone marrow
consists mainly of adipose cells (which store triglycerides)…
longer than they are wide, consists of a bulbous on two ends
Red Bone Marrow
a connective tissue that produces red blood cells, white bloo…
Hemopoiesis
formation of all blood cells which occurs in red bone marrow
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
Articular cartilage
Bone callus
Calcification
Calcitonin
on ends (pads articulation)
Fractures heal by cartilage and fibrous formation which event…
the deposition of calcium salts, occurs... during ossification
A polypeptide hormone especially from the thyroid gland that…
Articular cartilage
on ends (pads articulation)
Bone callus
Fractures heal by cartilage and fibrous formation which event…
73 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: Many Muscles
Masseter
Obicularis Oris
Obicularis oculi
Frontal belly
Masseter
Obicularis Oris
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
Integumentary System
Function of Integumentary System
Layers of Integumentary System
Subcutaneous Layer
skin and accessory organs
maintaining homeostasis through: protection, temperature regu…
Epidermis, Dermis, Subcutaneous Layer
no sharp boundary, layer beneath the skin composed of areolar…
Integumentary System
skin and accessory organs
Function of Integumentary System
maintaining homeostasis through: protection, temperature regu…
142 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 6
Serous
Serous membrane
Ends of bones and freely moveable join…
Mucous
______ membranes line body cavities that lack openings to the…
What creates the watery serous fluid to lubricate?
Synovial membranes make up the inner linings of the joint cav…
The ________ membranes line cavities and tubes that open the…
Serous
______ membranes line body cavities that lack openings to the…
Serous membrane
What creates the watery serous fluid to lubricate?
55 terms
Chapter Seven: Anatomy, Physiology, and Medical Terminology
Sagital plane
Midsagital plane
Frontal or coronal plane
Transverse or horizontal plane
Divides body into right and left sides
A vertical plane that divides the body equally into right and…
Divides the body into anterior and posterior sections
Any plane that divides the body into superior and inferior po…
Sagital plane
Divides body into right and left sides
Midsagital plane
A vertical plane that divides the body equally into right and…
91 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6
Skeletal System Functions
Classify bones according to
Long Bone
Short Bones
produce blood cells,... provides protection for organs, ... helps…
shape... Long bones... Short Bones... Flat Bones... Irregular Bones
Longer than they are wide (Legs and Arms)
fairly equal in width and length, (like a cube) [Wrist and an…
Skeletal System Functions
produce blood cells,... provides protection for organs, ... helps…
Classify bones according to
shape... Long bones... Short Bones... Flat Bones... Irregular Bones
12 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Medical Terminology and Conditions
bunion
chiropractic
chiropractor
clawfoot
a deformity of the great toe that typically is caused by wear…
a holistic health-care discipline that focuses on nerves, mus…
health-care professional who is concerned with diagnoses, tre…
condition in which medial part of the longitudinal arch is ab…
bunion
a deformity of the great toe that typically is caused by wear…
chiropractic
a holistic health-care discipline that focuses on nerves, mus…
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 Medical Terminology
bone
muscle
nerves
skin
oste(o)
myo or sarco
neuro
derm
bone
oste(o)
muscle
myo or sarco
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
Bony Thorax (Rib Cage)
Sternum
Ribs
Manubrium
Forms a protective cage around the vital organs of the thorac…
About 6-8" long, center of the rib cage
Attach to vertebrae in the back and to the sternum by costal…
Top of the sternum
Bony Thorax (Rib Cage)
Forms a protective cage around the vital organs of the thorac…
Sternum
About 6-8" long, center of the rib cage
17 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
Articular cartilage (hyaline)
Articulation
Compact Bone
Diaphysis
Cartilage covering the ends of the bones forming a joint
(Articul=joint)... A joint formed between two bones
Dense bone tissue formed of numerous tightly packed osteons
(Dia= through, apart; physis= to grow)... The shaft of a long bone
Articular cartilage (hyaline)
Cartilage covering the ends of the bones forming a joint
Articulation
(Articul=joint)... A joint formed between two bones
65 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 6
skeletal cartilage
perichondrium
hyaline cartilage
elastic cartilage
highly resilient, molded cartilage tissue that consists mainl…
a layer of dense connective tissue surrounding cartilage like…
provides support, flexibility, and resilience; most abundant…
similar to hyaline cartilage, contains elastic fibers (ear, e…
skeletal cartilage
highly resilient, molded cartilage tissue that consists mainl…
perichondrium
a layer of dense connective tissue surrounding cartilage like…
36 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6
Passive transport
Diffusion
Solute
solvent
movement of substances through cell membranes... -processes do n…
-a passive process... -molecules spread through the membranes... -m…
substance solved (ex: sugar, glucose, NaCl, etc.)
Fluid dissolving solute... 10% solute, 90% water... (no net movemen…
Passive transport
movement of substances through cell membranes... -processes do n…
Diffusion
-a passive process... -molecules spread through the membranes... -m…
23 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6
What are the functions of bone tissue
Structure of the bone
Histology
Osteons
Support, protection, movement, blood formation and storage, f…
Diaphysis, epiphyses, metaphyses, articular cartilage, perios…
Bone formation
functional unit of compact bone - Haversian systems
What are the functions of bone tissue
Support, protection, movement, blood formation and storage, f…
Structure of the bone
Diaphysis, epiphyses, metaphyses, articular cartilage, perios…
70 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 6
perichondrium
appositional growth
interstitial growth
calcification
dense irregular tissue that acts like a girdle
growth from outside
growth from inside
a process that impregnates something with calcium (or calcium…
perichondrium
dense irregular tissue that acts like a girdle
appositional growth
growth from outside
159 terms
Medical Terminology and Anatomy and Physiology
abdominal quadrants
acetabulum
acromioclavicular joint
acromion process
four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
the pelvic socket into which the ball at the proximal end of…
the joint where the acromion and the calvicle meet
the highest portion of the shoulder
abdominal quadrants
four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
acetabulum
the pelvic socket into which the ball at the proximal end of…
164 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Medical Terminology
A- / An-
Ab-
Ad-
Ante-
Without
Away From
Toward
Before
A- / An-
Without
Ab-
Away From
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