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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology speech nerves"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology speech nerves"

42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech Mechanism Midterm: Cranial Nerves
Cortiospinal tract
cortiocobulbar tract
bilateral corticobulbar regulation
cranial nerves that receive bilateral…
from cortex to spine: mediates voluntary movements of skeleta…
controls facial and associated muscles through cranial nerve…
regulation of some cranial nerve LMN is bilateral i.e left mo…
bilateral projections form cortiobulbar: trigeminal, facial,…
Cortiospinal tract
from cortex to spine: mediates voluntary movements of skeleta…
cortiocobulbar tract
controls facial and associated muscles through cranial nerve…
290 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech Final
anterior
posterior
superior
inferior
in front of
in back of
toward head
away from head
anterior
in front of
posterior
in back of
48 terms
Speech anatomy - physiology of phonation
Theories of Phonation
Neurochronaxic Theory
Problem with Neurochronaxic Theory
Rate of flow (in relation to Myoelasti…
-Neurochronaxic Theory... -Myoelastic-aerodynamic Theory... -Cover-…
With every vocal fold oscilation, the brain sends a message t…
-the signal would take too long... -The recurrent laryngeal nerv…
The rate of airflow through a tube will increase at the point…
Theories of Phonation
-Neurochronaxic Theory... -Myoelastic-aerodynamic Theory... -Cover-…
Neurochronaxic Theory
With every vocal fold oscilation, the brain sends a message t…
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Cranial Nerves
Olafactory
Olafactory Nerve
Optic
Optic Nerve
#: I... Type: special sensory... Location: Chemoreceptors in nasal…
#: II... Type: special sensory... Location: from retina to optic tr…
Olafactory
#: I... Type: special sensory... Location: Chemoreceptors in nasal…
Olafactory Nerve
193 terms
Speech Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Branches of Anatomy
Microscopic
macroscopic (Gross)
study of the STRUCTURE of an organism, human or animal form b…
-applied/clinical... -descriptive/systematic... -gross anatomy... -mic…
deals with structures that cannot be seen without magnification
involves examination of relatively large structures that are…
Anatomy
study of the STRUCTURE of an organism, human or animal form b…
Branches of Anatomy
-applied/clinical... -descriptive/systematic... -gross anatomy... -mic…
12 terms
Cranial Nerves-Anatomy and Physiology
I. Olfactory
II. Optic
III. Oculomotor
IV. Trochlear
Smell... (Sensory)
Sight... (Sensory)
Eyeball direction, lens shape, dilation, eyelid... (Motor)
Motion of the superior oblique (eye)... (Motor)
I. Olfactory
Smell... (Sensory)
II. Optic
Sight... (Sensory)
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Cranial Nerves
olfactory
optic
oculomotor
trochlear
smell
vision
Eye movement via medial and lateral rectus and inferior obliq…
eye movement via superior oblique muscles
olfactory
smell
optic
vision
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Cranial Nerves
Olfactory (I)
Optic (II)
Oculomotor (III)
Trochlear (IV)
Impulses: from nose to brain... Functions: sense of smell
Impulses: from I to brain... Functions: vision
Impulses: from brain to eye muscles... Function: eye movements
Impulses: from brain to external eye muscles... Function: eye mo…
Olfactory (I)
Impulses: from nose to brain... Functions: sense of smell
Optic (II)
Impulses: from I to brain... Functions: vision
52 terms
Nerve/Synapse Anatomy & Physiology
neuron
soma
dendrites
axon hillock
nerve cell; electrically excitable
nerve cell body
finger-like projections off of the soma that receive incoming…
when the soma connects to the axon; where action potential "o…
neuron
nerve cell; electrically excitable
soma
nerve cell body
12 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Cranial Nerves
Olfactory
optic
oculomotor
trochlear
I. smell
II. sight
III. eye movement; raise eyelids; focus lenses
IV. stimulate superior obliques to move eyes
Olfactory
I. smell
optic
II. sight
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology/Speech Mechanism
Anatomy
Physiology
Thorax and Abdomen
Dorsal trunk
refers to the STRUCTURE (form) of an organism
refers to the FUNCTION (how does it work?) of the living orga…
chest region... region represented externally as the anterior (f…
back
Anatomy
refers to the STRUCTURE (form) of an organism
Physiology
refers to the FUNCTION (how does it work?) of the living orga…
12 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Cranial Nerves
I Olfactory
II Optic
III Oculomotor
IV Trochlear
Deals with smell
Deals with Vision
Deals with moving the eyes and eyelids
Deals with rotating the eyes
I Olfactory
Deals with smell
II Optic
Deals with Vision
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
Respiration
Other functions of larynx
Framework of the larynx
Hyaline Cartilage
Primary function of Larynx
Bearing down... Lifting... Social
Cricoid Cartilage ... Thyroid Cartilage... Epiglottis... Arytenoid Car…
Composes all cartilages that make up the larynx
Respiration
Primary function of Larynx
Other functions of larynx
Bearing down... Lifting... Social
93 terms
Anatomy & Physiology for Speech Mechanism
Framework of the Larynx
Larynx
Vocal Folds
Structures Outside Larynx
Cartilages... Elastic Membranes... Mucous Membranes
Acts a protective layer of tissues
Protect Airway, under the thyroid muscles
Trachea Ring... Hyoid Bone
Framework of the Larynx
Cartilages... Elastic Membranes... Mucous Membranes
Larynx
Acts a protective layer of tissues
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Cranial Nerves
Olafactory
Olafactory Nerve
Optic
Optic Nerve
#: I... Type: special sensory... Location: Chemoreceptors in nasal…
#: II... Type: special sensory... Location: from retina to optic tr…
Olafactory
#: I... Type: special sensory... Location: Chemoreceptors in nasal…
Olafactory Nerve
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of the Speech Mechanism
Diaphragm
External intercostal muscles
Internal intercostal muscles
Levator Costarum Brevis
Origin: Xiphoid process of sternum, Inner surface of ribs 7-1…
Origin: lower surface of each rib (Except #12)... Insertion: upp…
Origin: Lower borders of first 11 ribs... Insertion: into ribs b…
Origin: Transverse processes of C7 to T11... Insertion: into rib…
Diaphragm
Origin: Xiphoid process of sternum, Inner surface of ribs 7-1…
External intercostal muscles
Origin: lower surface of each rib (Except #12)... Insertion: upp…
12 terms
Cranial Nerves-Anatomy and Physiology
I. Olfactory
II. Optic
III. Oculomotor
IV. Trochlear
Smell... (Sensory)
Sight... (Sensory)
Eyeball direction, lens shape, dilation, eyelid... (Motor)
Motion of the superior oblique (eye)... (Motor)
I. Olfactory
Smell... (Sensory)
II. Optic
Sight... (Sensory)
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech and hearing
gross anatomy
Microscopic anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Developmental Anatomy
study of the body and its parts as visible without the aid of…
the study of microscopic structures of tissues and organs
study of internal body structures in relation to the overlyin…
the branch of anatomy that studies structural changes of an i…
gross anatomy
study of the body and its parts as visible without the aid of…
Microscopic anatomy
the study of microscopic structures of tissues and organs
153 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Speech & Hearing 2
Respiration
Inspiration
Expiration
Alveoli (general)
exchange of gas between organism & environment
breathing in
breathing out
-cavities of body... -usually used to talk about small air sacs…
Respiration
exchange of gas between organism & environment
Inspiration
breathing in
74 terms
Speech Pathology : Anatomy and Physiology
3 tonsils
Function of the soft palate for nasal…
Articulate facets on the cricoid
Adduction
1. Palatal ... 2. Pharyngeal ... 3. Laryngeal
This opens to create a pathway to the nasal cavity to produce…
Upper One: Arytenoids ... Lower One : Inferior Horns
Closing of vocal folds
3 tonsils
1. Palatal ... 2. Pharyngeal ... 3. Laryngeal
Function of the soft palate for nasal…
This opens to create a pathway to the nasal cavity to produce…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Brain Nerves
I Olfactory
II Optic
III Oculomotor
IV Trochlear
Smell
Vision
Controls eyelids, eye movement, lens shape and pupil size
Motor fibers for extrinsic eye muscle
I Olfactory
Smell
II Optic
Vision
Anatomy and Physiology: Speech
Speech Mechanisms
Respiratory System
Inhalation
Exhalation
Respiratory System... Phonatory System ... Resonatory System... Articu…
-Primary Role-Breathing to stay alive... -Secondary Role- Speech…
Thoracic cavity expands so lungs can expand ... -Contraction of…
-Lungs deflate due to elastic tissue in lungs ... -Diaphragm rel…
Speech Mechanisms
Respiratory System... Phonatory System ... Resonatory System... Articu…
Respiratory System
-Primary Role-Breathing to stay alive... -Secondary Role- Speech…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Cranial Nerves
Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
Sensory= Smelling; #1
Sensory= Vision; #2
Motor= Eyeball muscles; #3
Motor= Eyeball muscles; #4
Olfactory
Sensory= Smelling; #1
Optic
Sensory= Vision; #2
17 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Cranial Nerves
olfactory
optic
oculomotor
trochlear
sensory nerves for the sense of smell
sensory nerves for the sense of sight
motor nerves for eye movement such as raising eyelids and inv…
motor nerves for voluntary movements of eye muscles
olfactory
sensory nerves for the sense of smell
optic
sensory nerves for the sense of sight
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nerves in the Brain
olfactory bulb... CN I ... -sense of smell
olfactory tract
CN II... optic nerve... vision
optic chiasma
olfactory bulb... CN I ... -sense of smell
olfactory tract
Anatomy and physiology of speech
anatomy
Physiology
Subsystems of Speech
Inhaling = breathing in
The study of the STRUCTURES of the body and the relationship…
How structures work together to result in FUNCTION... Complement…
Respiration... Phonation... Resonance... Articulation
Diaphragm contracts and lowers... Lungs expand... Air sucked in as…
anatomy
The study of the STRUCTURES of the body and the relationship…
Physiology
How structures work together to result in FUNCTION... Complement…
73 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
True or False... phonation is crucial to…
Glottis
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
FALSE its essential
space between the vocal cords
Brain and the Spinal Cord
Neurons carry information to and from the Central Nervous sys…
True or False... phonation is crucial to…
FALSE its essential
Glottis
space between the vocal cords
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Cranial Nerves
Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
sensory nerve for smell
sensory nerve for vision
motor fibers to eye muscles
motor fiber to eye muscles
Olfactory
sensory nerve for smell
Optic
sensory nerve for vision
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cranial Nerves
olfactory
optic
oculomotor
trochlear
sensory to smell (I)
sensory to vision (II)
motor to 4 of the 6 eye muscles and parasympathetic to pupil…
motor to one of the 6 eye muscles (IV)
olfactory
sensory to smell (I)
optic
sensory to vision (II)
79 terms
Anatomy and the Physiology of Speech
phonation
Bernoulli effect
articulation
nervous system
getting air in and out and the sounds made
...
movement to create sounds
-governs respiratory, laryngeal and articulatory structures... -…
phonation
getting air in and out and the sounds made
Bernoulli effect
...
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cranial Nerves
olfactory
optic
oculomotor
trochlear
1; sensory; smell
2; sensory; sight
3; motor; moves eye
4; motor; moves eye
olfactory
1; sensory; smell
optic
2; sensory; sight
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Speech Mechanism
Larynx
Bernoulli Effect
Resting Expiratory Level
Elastic Recoil Force
Located between root of the tongue and trachea
Given a constant velocity at a point of constriction, the vel…
38% Vital Capacity, relaxation point of zero pressure
Exerts a force to return to rest, proportional to amount of d…
Larynx
Located between root of the tongue and trachea
Bernoulli Effect
Given a constant velocity at a point of constriction, the vel…
171 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech & Language
Neurologist
Parkinsonism
Hypokinesia
The extrapyramidal system
medical specialist who diagnoses and treats disorders of the…
a degenerative (irreversible loss of function in the organs o…
reduced range and force of muscle movements
part of the nervous system involved in movement control
Neurologist
medical specialist who diagnoses and treats disorders of the…
Parkinsonism
a degenerative (irreversible loss of function in the organs o…
50 terms
SLHS Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Respiration
Respiratory System
Controls and regulates almost all motor, sensory, & cognitive…
-Carries messages to & from the CNS... -Voluntary & involuntary…
The process of taking in oxygen and exchanging it with carbon…
Divided into upper and lower branches
Central Nervous System
Controls and regulates almost all motor, sensory, & cognitive…
Peripheral Nervous System
-Carries messages to & from the CNS... -Voluntary & involuntary…
10 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY OF SPEECH
Respiratory System... Laryngeal System... Su…
Respiratory System
Speech breathing: Large breath; fast i…
Laryngeal System
What are the three systems of speech production?
Brings oxygen into the body and removes CO2, includes nose, t…
Speech breathing v relaxed breathing
Consists of the:... - Larynx... - Glotis... - Epiglottis... - Surrounded…
Respiratory System... Laryngeal System... Su…
What are the three systems of speech production?
Respiratory System
Brings oxygen into the body and removes CO2, includes nose, t…
21 terms
Anatomy and physiology of nerve cells
Sensory neurons
Motor neurons
Neuron
Glial cells
afferent- carry sensory impulses toward the brain
efferent- transmit impulses away from the brain (cause muscul…
receives, conducts, or transmits neural impulses
(neuroglial cells) provide various support services to the ne…
Sensory neurons
afferent- carry sensory impulses toward the brain
Motor neurons
efferent- transmit impulses away from the brain (cause muscul…
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Cranial Nerves)
CN I
CN II
CN III
CN IV
Olfactory Nerve
Optic Nerve
Oculomotor (most movements of eyeball, eyelid, and pupil size)
Trochlear (movement of eyeball)
CN I
Olfactory Nerve
CN II
Optic Nerve
142 terms
Phonation- anatomy and physiology of speech
Intrinsic laryngeal muscles: adductors…
Function and innervation of lateral cr…
Function and innervation of Transverse…
Function and innervation of oblique ar…
Lateral cricoarytenoid, ... transverse arytenoid, ... oblique ary…
Adduct vocal cords. Increases medial compresseion. ... X vagus,…
Adducts vocal folds... X vagus. Recurrent laryngeal nerve
Pulls the apex medially: adduct... X Vagus, recurrent laryngeal…
Intrinsic laryngeal muscles: adductors…
Lateral cricoarytenoid, ... transverse arytenoid, ... oblique ary…
Function and innervation of lateral cr…
Adduct vocal cords. Increases medial compresseion. ... X vagus,…
74 terms
Speech Pathology : Anatomy and Physiology
3 tonsils
Function of the soft palate for nasal…
Articulate facets on the cricoid
Adduction
1. Palatal ... 2. Pharyngeal ... 3. Laryngeal
This opens to create a pathway to the nasal cavity to produce…
Upper One: Arytenoids ... Lower One : Inferior Horns
Closing of vocal folds
3 tonsils
1. Palatal ... 2. Pharyngeal ... 3. Laryngeal
Function of the soft palate for nasal…
This opens to create a pathway to the nasal cavity to produce…
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech 3
Thyroid cartilage
epiglottic cartilage
cricoid cartilage
arytenoid cartilages
-single... -largest cartilage... -thyroid gland here... -laryngeal pro…
-unpaired, single cartilage... -thin and leaf shaped... -deflect fl…
-single, unpaired ... -signet ring... -caudal end of larynx... -lamina…
-paired, bilateral cartilages... -sit on superior edge of poster…
Thyroid cartilage
-single... -largest cartilage... -thyroid gland here... -laryngeal pro…
epiglottic cartilage
-unpaired, single cartilage... -thin and leaf shaped... -deflect fl…
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
brain
neuron
86 billion
100 trillion
Communicates with the body to help us move, react, think.
main unit of the brain
how many neurons are there in the brain
how many neuron connections are in the brain
brain
Communicates with the body to help us move, react, think.
neuron
main unit of the brain
126 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of Speech
Anterior
Ventral
Posterior
Dorsal
front
belly or anterior surface
toward the rear
back of the body
Anterior
front
Ventral
belly or anterior surface
174 terms
Speech Anatomy & Physiology RESPIRATION
Anterior
Posterior
Anatomy
Physiology
(Ventral)... In front of
(Dorsal)... In back of
Study of STRUCTURE of organisms and relations to parts
Science dealing with FUNCTION of living organims
Anterior
(Ventral)... In front of
Posterior
(Dorsal)... In back of
55 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Nerves
Cranial Nerves with parasympathetic fu…
CN I
CN II
CN III
III, IX, X, VII
Olfactory- test it by having someone smell something, cerebru…
Optic- test visual acuity with a chart, periphery, and color,…
Oculomotor- test by having someone follow an object, midbrain…
Cranial Nerves with parasympathetic fu…
III, IX, X, VII
CN I
Olfactory- test it by having someone smell something, cerebru…
48 terms
Speech anatomy - physiology of phonation
Theories of Phonation
Neurochronaxic Theory
Problem with Neurochronaxic Theory
Rate of flow (in relation to Myoelasti…
-Neurochronaxic Theory... -Myoelastic-aerodynamic Theory... -Cover-…
With every vocal fold oscilation, the brain sends a message t…
-the signal would take too long... -The recurrent laryngeal nerv…
The rate of airflow through a tube will increase at the point…
Theories of Phonation
-Neurochronaxic Theory... -Myoelastic-aerodynamic Theory... -Cover-…
Neurochronaxic Theory
With every vocal fold oscilation, the brain sends a message t…
29 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of Speech Production
Anatomy
Physiology
The 3 Subsystems of Speech
Rib Cage
Body Structure
Functions of organs and structures
Respiratory, Laryngeal, Articulatory/Resonating
A framework of bone and cartilage that surrounds the lungs
Anatomy
Body Structure
Physiology
Functions of organs and structures
126 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of Speech Quiz 1
Anterior
Ventral
Posterior
Dorsal
front
belly or anterior surface
toward the rear
back of the body
Anterior
front
Ventral
belly or anterior surface
12 terms
Cranial Nerves - Anatomy & Physiology
Olfactory Nerve I
Optic Nerve
Oculomotor III
Trochlear Nerve IV
- SENSORY... - Dendrites and cell body found along septum and su…
- SENSORY only (impulses to brain)... - carries info from retina…
- MOTOR ... - Oculo = "eye"... - begins in midbrain and innervates…
- MOTOR ... - "pulley"... - originates in midbrain and moves eye do…
Olfactory Nerve I
- SENSORY... - Dendrites and cell body found along septum and su…
Optic Nerve
- SENSORY only (impulses to brain)... - carries info from retina…
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Nerves)
Vagus
Primary motor; frontal lobe
Dorsal root ganglion
Schwann cells; oligodendrocytes
Besides the accessory nerve (XI), which pair of cranial nerve…
The _______ area that allows us to consciously move our skele…
The cell bodies of sensory neurons whose fibers enter the cor…
The cells that produce myelin in the peripheral nervous syste…
Vagus
Besides the accessory nerve (XI), which pair of cranial nerve…
Primary motor; frontal lobe
The _______ area that allows us to consciously move our skele…
26 terms
#6: Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
Anterior vs Posterior... Proximal vs Dist…
Central Nervous System vs Peripheral N…
Neuron
Afferent vs Efferent
Anterior: to the front... Posterior: to the back... Proximal: near…
CNS: Brain, Brain stem, spinal cord... PNS: cranial nerves, spin…
- A cell that carries information... - Dendrites, body, axon... - E…
Afferent: affects the brain... Efferent: creates an effect in th…
Anterior vs Posterior... Proximal vs Dist…
Anterior: to the front... Posterior: to the back... Proximal: near…
Central Nervous System vs Peripheral N…
CNS: Brain, Brain stem, spinal cord... PNS: cranial nerves, spin…
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