Study sets matching "anatomy physiology speech nerves"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology speech nerves"

42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech Mechanism Midterm: Cranial Nerves
Cortiospinal tract
cortiocobulbar tract
bilateral corticobulbar regulation
cranial nerves that receive bilateral…
from cortex to spine: mediates voluntary movements of skeleta…
controls facial and associated muscles through cranial nerve…
regulation of some cranial nerve LMN is bilateral i.e left mo…
bilateral projections form cortiobulbar: trigeminal, facial,…
Cortiospinal tract
from cortex to spine: mediates voluntary movements of skeleta…
cortiocobulbar tract
controls facial and associated muscles through cranial nerve…
290 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech Final
anterior
posterior
superior
inferior
in front of
in back of
toward head
away from head
anterior
in front of
posterior
in back of
48 terms
Speech anatomy - physiology of phonation
Theories of Phonation
Neurochronaxic Theory
Problem with Neurochronaxic Theory
Rate of flow (in relation to Myoelasti…
-Neurochronaxic Theory... -Myoelastic-aerodynamic Theory... -Cover-…
With every vocal fold oscilation, the brain sends a message t…
-the signal would take too long... -The recurrent laryngeal nerv…
The rate of airflow through a tube will increase at the point…
Theories of Phonation
-Neurochronaxic Theory... -Myoelastic-aerodynamic Theory... -Cover-…
Neurochronaxic Theory
With every vocal fold oscilation, the brain sends a message t…
Anatomy & Physiology: Cranial Nerves
Olafactory
Olafactory Nerve
Optic
Optic Nerve
#: I... Type: special sensory... Location: Chemoreceptors in nasal…
#: II... Type: special sensory... Location: from retina to optic tr…
Olafactory
#: I... Type: special sensory... Location: Chemoreceptors in nasal…
Olafactory Nerve
Anatomy and Physiology Cranial Nerves
Olfactory (I)
Optic (II)
Oculomotor (III)
Trochlear (IV)
Impulses: from nose to brain... Functions: sense of smell
Impulses: from I to brain... Functions: vision
Impulses: from brain to eye muscles... Function: eye movements
Impulses: from brain to external eye muscles... Function: eye mo…
Olfactory (I)
Impulses: from nose to brain... Functions: sense of smell
Optic (II)
Impulses: from I to brain... Functions: vision
Speech Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Branches of Anatomy
Microscopic
macroscopic (Gross)
study of the STRUCTURE of an organism, human or animal form b…
-applied/clinical... -descriptive/systematic... -gross anatomy... -mic…
deals with structures that cannot be seen without magnification
involves examination of relatively large structures that are…
Anatomy
study of the STRUCTURE of an organism, human or animal form b…
Branches of Anatomy
-applied/clinical... -descriptive/systematic... -gross anatomy... -mic…
Anatomy and Physiology Cranial Nerves
olfactory
optic
oculomotor
trochlear
smell
vision
Eye movement via medial and lateral rectus and inferior obliq…
eye movement via superior oblique muscles
olfactory
smell
optic
vision
Cranial Nerves-Anatomy and Physiology
I. Olfactory
II. Optic
III. Oculomotor
IV. Trochlear
Smell... (Sensory)
Sight... (Sensory)
Eyeball direction, lens shape, dilation, eyelid... (Motor)
Motion of the superior oblique (eye)... (Motor)
I. Olfactory
Smell... (Sensory)
II. Optic
Sight... (Sensory)
12 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Cranial Nerves
Olfactory
optic
oculomotor
trochlear
I. smell
II. sight
III. eye movement; raise eyelids; focus lenses
IV. stimulate superior obliques to move eyes
Olfactory
I. smell
optic
II. sight
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech and hearing
gross anatomy
Microscopic anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Developmental Anatomy
study of the body and its parts as visible without the aid of…
the study of microscopic structures of tissues and organs
study of internal body structures in relation to the overlyin…
the branch of anatomy that studies structural changes of an i…
gross anatomy
study of the body and its parts as visible without the aid of…
Microscopic anatomy
the study of microscopic structures of tissues and organs
12 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Cranial Nerves
I Olfactory
II Optic
III Oculomotor
IV Trochlear
Deals with smell
Deals with Vision
Deals with moving the eyes and eyelids
Deals with rotating the eyes
I Olfactory
Deals with smell
II Optic
Deals with Vision
52 terms
Nerve/Synapse Anatomy & Physiology
neuron
soma
dendrites
axon hillock
nerve cell; electrically excitable
nerve cell body
finger-like projections off of the soma that receive incoming…
when the soma connects to the axon; where action potential "o…
neuron
nerve cell; electrically excitable
soma
nerve cell body
Speech Pathology : Anatomy and Physiology
3 tonsils
Function of the soft palate for nasal…
Articulate facets on the cricoid
Adduction
1. Palatal ... 2. Pharyngeal ... 3. Laryngeal
This opens to create a pathway to the nasal cavity to produce…
Upper One: Arytenoids ... Lower One : Inferior Horns
Closing of vocal folds
3 tonsils
1. Palatal ... 2. Pharyngeal ... 3. Laryngeal
Function of the soft palate for nasal…
This opens to create a pathway to the nasal cavity to produce…
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
Respiration
Other functions of larynx
Framework of the larynx
Hyaline Cartilage
Primary function of Larynx
Bearing down... Lifting... Social
Cricoid Cartilage ... Thyroid Cartilage... Epiglottis... Arytenoid Car…
Composes all cartilages that make up the larynx
Respiration
Primary function of Larynx
Other functions of larynx
Bearing down... Lifting... Social
93 terms
Anatomy & Physiology for Speech Mechanism
Framework of the Larynx
Larynx
Vocal Folds
Structures Outside Larynx
Cartilages... Elastic Membranes... Mucous Membranes
Acts a protective layer of tissues
Protect Airway, under the thyroid muscles
Trachea Ring... Hyoid Bone
Framework of the Larynx
Cartilages... Elastic Membranes... Mucous Membranes
Larynx
Acts a protective layer of tissues
17 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Cranial Nerves
olfactory
optic
oculomotor
trochlear
sensory nerves for the sense of smell
sensory nerves for the sense of sight
motor nerves for eye movement such as raising eyelids and inv…
motor nerves for voluntary movements of eye muscles
olfactory
sensory nerves for the sense of smell
optic
sensory nerves for the sense of sight
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Cranial Nerves
Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
Sensory= Smelling; #1
Sensory= Vision; #2
Motor= Eyeball muscles; #3
Motor= Eyeball muscles; #4
Olfactory
Sensory= Smelling; #1
Optic
Sensory= Vision; #2
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of the Speech Mechanism
Diaphragm
External intercostal muscles
Internal intercostal muscles
Levator Costarum Brevis
Origin: Xiphoid process of sternum, Inner surface of ribs 7-1…
Origin: lower surface of each rib (Except #12)... Insertion: upp…
Origin: Lower borders of first 11 ribs... Insertion: into ribs b…
Origin: Transverse processes of C7 to T11... Insertion: into rib…
Diaphragm
Origin: Xiphoid process of sternum, Inner surface of ribs 7-1…
External intercostal muscles
Origin: lower surface of each rib (Except #12)... Insertion: upp…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Cranial Nerves
Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
sensory nerve for smell
sensory nerve for vision
motor fibers to eye muscles
motor fiber to eye muscles
Olfactory
sensory nerve for smell
Optic
sensory nerve for vision
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cranial Nerves
olfactory
optic
oculomotor
trochlear
sensory to smell (I)
sensory to vision (II)
motor to 4 of the 6 eye muscles and parasympathetic to pupil…
motor to one of the 6 eye muscles (IV)
olfactory
sensory to smell (I)
optic
sensory to vision (II)
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cranial Nerves
olfactory
optic
oculomotor
trochlear
1; sensory; smell
2; sensory; sight
3; motor; moves eye
4; motor; moves eye
olfactory
1; sensory; smell
optic
2; sensory; sight
74 terms
Speech Pathology : Anatomy and Physiology
3 tonsils
Function of the soft palate for nasal…
Articulate facets on the cricoid
Adduction
1. Palatal ... 2. Pharyngeal ... 3. Laryngeal
This opens to create a pathway to the nasal cavity to produce…
Upper One: Arytenoids ... Lower One : Inferior Horns
Closing of vocal folds
3 tonsils
1. Palatal ... 2. Pharyngeal ... 3. Laryngeal
Function of the soft palate for nasal…
This opens to create a pathway to the nasal cavity to produce…
174 terms
Speech Anatomy & Physiology RESPIRATION
Anterior
Posterior
Anatomy
Physiology
(Ventral)... In front of
(Dorsal)... In back of
Study of STRUCTURE of organisms and relations to parts
Science dealing with FUNCTION of living organims
Anterior
(Ventral)... In front of
Posterior
(Dorsal)... In back of
Anatomy and Physiology (Cranial Nerves)
CN I
CN II
CN III
CN IV
Olfactory Nerve
Optic Nerve
Oculomotor (most movements of eyeball, eyelid, and pupil size)
Trochlear (movement of eyeball)
CN I
Olfactory Nerve
CN II
Optic Nerve
153 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Speech & Hearing 2
Respiration
Inspiration
Expiration
Alveoli (general)
exchange of gas between organism & environment
breathing in
breathing out
-cavities of body... -usually used to talk about small air sacs…
Respiration
exchange of gas between organism & environment
Inspiration
breathing in
Anatomy and physiology -Speech
Anatomy
Physiology
Thorax
Abdomen
The study of structure of an organism (what it looks like)
The study of the function of the living organism and its part…
Chest region
The anterior abdomen wall
Anatomy
The study of structure of an organism (what it looks like)
Physiology
The study of the function of the living organism and its part…
Anatomy and physiology of speech
communication
Why speech- Language Pathologists and…
Anatomy
Physiology
transmission of information between two or more individuals t…
1. The Complexity of Communication... 2. Provision of Effective…
study of the structure of an organism and the relationship of…
study of the normal functions or vital processes of living or…
communication
transmission of information between two or more individuals t…
Why speech- Language Pathologists and…
1. The Complexity of Communication... 2. Provision of Effective…
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Nerves)
Vagus
Primary motor; frontal lobe
Dorsal root ganglion
Schwann cells; oligodendrocytes
Besides the accessory nerve (XI), which pair of cranial nerve…
The _______ area that allows us to consciously move our skele…
The cell bodies of sensory neurons whose fibers enter the cor…
The cells that produce myelin in the peripheral nervous syste…
Vagus
Besides the accessory nerve (XI), which pair of cranial nerve…
Primary motor; frontal lobe
The _______ area that allows us to consciously move our skele…
Anatomy and the Physiology of Speech
phonation
Bernoulli effect
articulation
nervous system
getting air in and out and the sounds made
...
movement to create sounds
-governs respiratory, laryngeal and articulatory structures... -…
phonation
getting air in and out and the sounds made
Bernoulli effect
...
12 terms
Cranial Nerves - Anatomy & Physiology
Olfactory Nerve I
Optic Nerve
Oculomotor III
Trochlear Nerve IV
- SENSORY... - Dendrites and cell body found along septum and su…
- SENSORY only (impulses to brain)... - carries info from retina…
- MOTOR ... - Oculo = "eye"... - begins in midbrain and innervates…
- MOTOR ... - "pulley"... - originates in midbrain and moves eye do…
Olfactory Nerve I
- SENSORY... - Dendrites and cell body found along septum and su…
Optic Nerve
- SENSORY only (impulses to brain)... - carries info from retina…
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology for Speech
anatomy
dissection
physiology
applied anatomy/clinical anatomy
study of the structure of an organism
cutting of parts of the organism- anatomy was at one time ref…
study of the function of the living organism and its parts
entails the application of anatomical study for the diagnosis…
anatomy
study of the structure of an organism
dissection
cutting of parts of the organism- anatomy was at one time ref…
Anatomy and physiology of speech
anatomy
Physiology
Subsystems of Speech
Inhaling = breathing in
The study of the STRUCTURES of the body and the relationship…
How structures work together to result in FUNCTION... Complement…
Respiration... Phonation... Resonance... Articulation
Diaphragm contracts and lowers... Lungs expand... Air sucked in as…
anatomy
The study of the STRUCTURES of the body and the relationship…
Physiology
How structures work together to result in FUNCTION... Complement…
Anatomy and Physiology/Speech Mechanism
Anatomy
Physiology
Thorax and Abdomen
Dorsal trunk
refers to the STRUCTURE (form) of an organism
refers to the FUNCTION (how does it work?) of the living orga…
chest region... region represented externally as the anterior (f…
back
Anatomy
refers to the STRUCTURE (form) of an organism
Physiology
refers to the FUNCTION (how does it work?) of the living orga…
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Cranial Nerves
Olafactory
Olafactory Nerve
Optic
Optic Nerve
#: I... Type: special sensory... Location: Chemoreceptors in nasal…
#: II... Type: special sensory... Location: from retina to optic tr…
Olafactory
#: I... Type: special sensory... Location: Chemoreceptors in nasal…
Olafactory Nerve
Speech Anatomy and Physiology Final
The shoulders are ______________ to th…
The ears are _______ to the shoulders
Describe a position of the index finge…
A coronal plane is
Inferior
Superior
...
A vertical plane that divides the body into anterior (front)…
The shoulders are ______________ to th…
Inferior
The ears are _______ to the shoulders
Superior
73 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
True or False... phonation is crucial to…
Glottis
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
FALSE its essential
space between the vocal cords
Brain and the Spinal Cord
Neurons carry information to and from the Central Nervous sys…
True or False... phonation is crucial to…
FALSE its essential
Glottis
space between the vocal cords
171 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech & Language
Neurologist
Parkinsonism
Hypokinesia
The extrapyramidal system
medical specialist who diagnoses and treats disorders of the…
a degenerative (irreversible loss of function in the organs o…
reduced range and force of muscle movements
part of the nervous system involved in movement control
Neurologist
medical specialist who diagnoses and treats disorders of the…
Parkinsonism
a degenerative (irreversible loss of function in the organs o…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Speech Mechanism
Larynx
Bernoulli Effect
Resting Expiratory Level
Elastic Recoil Force
Located between root of the tongue and trachea
Given a constant velocity at a point of constriction, the vel…
38% Vital Capacity, relaxation point of zero pressure
Exerts a force to return to rest, proportional to amount of d…
Larynx
Located between root of the tongue and trachea
Bernoulli Effect
Given a constant velocity at a point of constriction, the vel…
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: 12 NERVES
CN 1: olfactory nerve
CN 2: optic nerve
CN 3: oculomotor nerve
CN 4: trochlear nerve
sense of smell
sense of vision
controls the muscles of the eye, lift eyelid, change pupil di…
controls superior oblique eye muscle
CN 1: olfactory nerve
sense of smell
CN 2: optic nerve
sense of vision
12 terms
Anatomy & physiology (nerves)
Central nervous system
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent Nerves
Neurons
Brain-Spinal Cord
Cranial Nerves (12 pairs)... Spinal Nerves (31 pairs)
Carry impulses towards the Central Nerous System
Perform the work of the nervous system, which transmits elect…
Central nervous system
Brain-Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves (12 pairs)... Spinal Nerves (31 pairs)
50 terms
SLHS Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Respiration
Respiratory System
Controls and regulates almost all motor, sensory, & cognitive…
-Carries messages to & from the CNS... -Voluntary & involuntary…
The process of taking in oxygen and exchanging it with carbon…
Divided into upper and lower branches
Central Nervous System
Controls and regulates almost all motor, sensory, & cognitive…
Peripheral Nervous System
-Carries messages to & from the CNS... -Voluntary & involuntary…
Anatomy and Physiology: Tissue (Muscle/Nerves)
volutary
intercalated discs
involutary
axon
- you can tell what to do
- membranous boundary between cardiac muscle cells
- a muscle that is not under conscious control
- a nerve fiber; it conducts a nerve impulse away from the ne…
volutary
- you can tell what to do
intercalated discs
- membranous boundary between cardiac muscle cells
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Nerves
Nerology
Sensory input
Integration
Motor output
The study of nerves and nervous system
Gathering information ... -to monitor changes occurring inside a…
To process and interpret
-A response to integrated stimuli ... - the response activated m…
Nerology
The study of nerves and nervous system
Sensory input
Gathering information ... -to monitor changes occurring inside a…
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech and hearing
gross anatomy
Microscopic anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Developmental Anatomy
study of the body and its parts as visible without the aid of…
the study of microscopic structures of tissues and organs
study of internal body structures in relation to the overlyin…
the branch of anatomy that studies structural changes of an i…
gross anatomy
study of the body and its parts as visible without the aid of…
Microscopic anatomy
the study of microscopic structures of tissues and organs
Nerves Anatomy Physiology
1. Olfactory
2. Optic
3. Oculomotor
4. Trochlear
(sensory) smell
(sensory) vision
(motor) pupil motion
(motor) pupil lateral movement
1. Olfactory
(sensory) smell
2. Optic
(sensory) vision
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Brain Nerves
I Olfactory
II Optic
III Oculomotor
IV Trochlear
Smell
Vision
Controls eyelids, eye movement, lens shape and pupil size
Motor fibers for extrinsic eye muscle
I Olfactory
Smell
II Optic
Vision
17 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Cranial Nerves
Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
1. special sensory. sense of smell
2. special sensory. carry visual information from the eyes
3. motor. move the eyeball, control amount of light entering…
4. motor. pulley-shape, attachment of the eyeball
Olfactory
1. special sensory. sense of smell
Optic
2. special sensory. carry visual information from the eyes
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Cranial Nerves
On
Old
Olympus
Towering
Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
On
Olfactory
Old
Optic
10 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY OF SPEECH
Respiratory System... Laryngeal System... Su…
Respiratory System
Speech breathing: Large breath; fast i…
Laryngeal System
What are the three systems of speech production?
Brings oxygen into the body and removes CO2, includes nose, t…
Speech breathing v relaxed breathing
Consists of the:... - Larynx... - Glotis... - Epiglottis... - Surrounded…
Respiratory System... Laryngeal System... Su…
What are the three systems of speech production?
Respiratory System
Brings oxygen into the body and removes CO2, includes nose, t…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cranial Nerves
Olfactory (I)
Optic (II)
Oculomotor (III)
Trochlear (IV)
Sensory-... Carry sensory impulses for the sense of smell
Sensory- ... Carry sensory impulses for vision
Motor-... Directing the eyeball
Motor-... Directs eyeball movement
Olfactory (I)
Sensory-... Carry sensory impulses for the sense of smell
Optic (II)
Sensory- ... Carry sensory impulses for vision
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