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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology speech"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology speech"

290 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech Final
anterior
posterior
superior
inferior
in front of
in back of
toward head
away from head
anterior
in front of
posterior
in back of
48 terms
Speech anatomy - physiology of phonation
Theories of Phonation
Neurochronaxic Theory
Problem with Neurochronaxic Theory
Rate of flow (in relation to Myoelasti…
-Neurochronaxic Theory... -Myoelastic-aerodynamic Theory... -Cover-…
With every vocal fold oscilation, the brain sends a message t…
-the signal would take too long... -The recurrent laryngeal nerv…
The rate of airflow through a tube will increase at the point…
Theories of Phonation
-Neurochronaxic Theory... -Myoelastic-aerodynamic Theory... -Cover-…
Neurochronaxic Theory
With every vocal fold oscilation, the brain sends a message t…
193 terms
Speech Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Branches of Anatomy
Microscopic
macroscopic (Gross)
study of the STRUCTURE of an organism, human or animal form b…
-applied/clinical... -descriptive/systematic... -gross anatomy... -mic…
deals with structures that cannot be seen without magnification
involves examination of relatively large structures that are…
Anatomy
study of the STRUCTURE of an organism, human or animal form b…
Branches of Anatomy
-applied/clinical... -descriptive/systematic... -gross anatomy... -mic…
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology/Speech Mechanism
Anatomy
Physiology
Thorax and Abdomen
Dorsal trunk
refers to the STRUCTURE (form) of an organism
refers to the FUNCTION (how does it work?) of the living orga…
chest region... region represented externally as the anterior (f…
back
Anatomy
refers to the STRUCTURE (form) of an organism
Physiology
refers to the FUNCTION (how does it work?) of the living orga…
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
Respiration
Other functions of larynx
Framework of the larynx
Hyaline Cartilage
Primary function of Larynx
Bearing down... Lifting... Social
Cricoid Cartilage ... Thyroid Cartilage... Epiglottis... Arytenoid Car…
Composes all cartilages that make up the larynx
Respiration
Primary function of Larynx
Other functions of larynx
Bearing down... Lifting... Social
93 terms
Anatomy & Physiology for Speech Mechanism
Framework of the Larynx
Larynx
Vocal Folds
Structures Outside Larynx
Cartilages... Elastic Membranes... Mucous Membranes
Acts a protective layer of tissues
Protect Airway, under the thyroid muscles
Trachea Ring... Hyoid Bone
Framework of the Larynx
Cartilages... Elastic Membranes... Mucous Membranes
Larynx
Acts a protective layer of tissues
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of the Speech Mechanism
Diaphragm
External intercostal muscles
Internal intercostal muscles
Levator Costarum Brevis
Origin: Xiphoid process of sternum, Inner surface of ribs 7-1…
Origin: lower surface of each rib (Except #12)... Insertion: upp…
Origin: Lower borders of first 11 ribs... Insertion: into ribs b…
Origin: Transverse processes of C7 to T11... Insertion: into rib…
Diaphragm
Origin: Xiphoid process of sternum, Inner surface of ribs 7-1…
External intercostal muscles
Origin: lower surface of each rib (Except #12)... Insertion: upp…
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech and hearing
gross anatomy
Microscopic anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Developmental Anatomy
study of the body and its parts as visible without the aid of…
the study of microscopic structures of tissues and organs
study of internal body structures in relation to the overlyin…
the branch of anatomy that studies structural changes of an i…
gross anatomy
study of the body and its parts as visible without the aid of…
Microscopic anatomy
the study of microscopic structures of tissues and organs
153 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Speech & Hearing 2
Respiration
Inspiration
Expiration
Alveoli (general)
exchange of gas between organism & environment
breathing in
breathing out
-cavities of body... -usually used to talk about small air sacs…
Respiration
exchange of gas between organism & environment
Inspiration
breathing in
74 terms
Speech Pathology : Anatomy and Physiology
3 tonsils
Function of the soft palate for nasal…
Articulate facets on the cricoid
Adduction
1. Palatal ... 2. Pharyngeal ... 3. Laryngeal
This opens to create a pathway to the nasal cavity to produce…
Upper One: Arytenoids ... Lower One : Inferior Horns
Closing of vocal folds
3 tonsils
1. Palatal ... 2. Pharyngeal ... 3. Laryngeal
Function of the soft palate for nasal…
This opens to create a pathway to the nasal cavity to produce…
Anatomy and Physiology: Speech
Speech Mechanisms
Respiratory System
Inhalation
Exhalation
Respiratory System... Phonatory System ... Resonatory System... Articu…
-Primary Role-Breathing to stay alive... -Secondary Role- Speech…
Thoracic cavity expands so lungs can expand ... -Contraction of…
-Lungs deflate due to elastic tissue in lungs ... -Diaphragm rel…
Speech Mechanisms
Respiratory System... Phonatory System ... Resonatory System... Articu…
Respiratory System
-Primary Role-Breathing to stay alive... -Secondary Role- Speech…
Anatomy and physiology of speech
anatomy
Physiology
Subsystems of Speech
Inhaling = breathing in
The study of the STRUCTURES of the body and the relationship…
How structures work together to result in FUNCTION... Complement…
Respiration... Phonation... Resonance... Articulation
Diaphragm contracts and lowers... Lungs expand... Air sucked in as…
anatomy
The study of the STRUCTURES of the body and the relationship…
Physiology
How structures work together to result in FUNCTION... Complement…
73 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
True or False... phonation is crucial to…
Glottis
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
FALSE its essential
space between the vocal cords
Brain and the Spinal Cord
Neurons carry information to and from the Central Nervous sys…
True or False... phonation is crucial to…
FALSE its essential
Glottis
space between the vocal cords
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Speech Mechanism
Larynx
Bernoulli Effect
Resting Expiratory Level
Elastic Recoil Force
Located between root of the tongue and trachea
Given a constant velocity at a point of constriction, the vel…
38% Vital Capacity, relaxation point of zero pressure
Exerts a force to return to rest, proportional to amount of d…
Larynx
Located between root of the tongue and trachea
Bernoulli Effect
Given a constant velocity at a point of constriction, the vel…
10 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY OF SPEECH
Respiratory System... Laryngeal System... Su…
Respiratory System
Speech breathing: Large breath; fast i…
Laryngeal System
What are the three systems of speech production?
Brings oxygen into the body and removes CO2, includes nose, t…
Speech breathing v relaxed breathing
Consists of the:... - Larynx... - Glotis... - Epiglottis... - Surrounded…
Respiratory System... Laryngeal System... Su…
What are the three systems of speech production?
Respiratory System
Brings oxygen into the body and removes CO2, includes nose, t…
79 terms
Anatomy and the Physiology of Speech
phonation
Bernoulli effect
articulation
nervous system
getting air in and out and the sounds made
...
movement to create sounds
-governs respiratory, laryngeal and articulatory structures... -…
phonation
getting air in and out and the sounds made
Bernoulli effect
...
126 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of Speech Quiz 1
Anterior
Ventral
Posterior
Dorsal
front
belly or anterior surface
toward the rear
back of the body
Anterior
front
Ventral
belly or anterior surface
171 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech & Language
Neurologist
Parkinsonism
Hypokinesia
The extrapyramidal system
medical specialist who diagnoses and treats disorders of the…
a degenerative (irreversible loss of function in the organs o…
reduced range and force of muscle movements
part of the nervous system involved in movement control
Neurologist
medical specialist who diagnoses and treats disorders of the…
Parkinsonism
a degenerative (irreversible loss of function in the organs o…
50 terms
SLHS Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Respiration
Respiratory System
Controls and regulates almost all motor, sensory, & cognitive…
-Carries messages to & from the CNS... -Voluntary & involuntary…
The process of taking in oxygen and exchanging it with carbon…
Divided into upper and lower branches
Central Nervous System
Controls and regulates almost all motor, sensory, & cognitive…
Peripheral Nervous System
-Carries messages to & from the CNS... -Voluntary & involuntary…
74 terms
Speech Pathology : Anatomy and Physiology
3 tonsils
Function of the soft palate for nasal…
Articulate facets on the cricoid
Adduction
1. Palatal ... 2. Pharyngeal ... 3. Laryngeal
This opens to create a pathway to the nasal cavity to produce…
Upper One: Arytenoids ... Lower One : Inferior Horns
Closing of vocal folds
3 tonsils
1. Palatal ... 2. Pharyngeal ... 3. Laryngeal
Function of the soft palate for nasal…
This opens to create a pathway to the nasal cavity to produce…
142 terms
Phonation- anatomy and physiology of speech
Intrinsic laryngeal muscles: adductors…
Function and innervation of lateral cr…
Function and innervation of Transverse…
Function and innervation of oblique ar…
Lateral cricoarytenoid, ... transverse arytenoid, ... oblique ary…
Adduct vocal cords. Increases medial compresseion. ... X vagus,…
Adducts vocal folds... X vagus. Recurrent laryngeal nerve
Pulls the apex medially: adduct... X Vagus, recurrent laryngeal…
Intrinsic laryngeal muscles: adductors…
Lateral cricoarytenoid, ... transverse arytenoid, ... oblique ary…
Function and innervation of lateral cr…
Adduct vocal cords. Increases medial compresseion. ... X vagus,…
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech 3
Thyroid cartilage
epiglottic cartilage
cricoid cartilage
arytenoid cartilages
-single... -largest cartilage... -thyroid gland here... -laryngeal pro…
-unpaired, single cartilage... -thin and leaf shaped... -deflect fl…
-single, unpaired ... -signet ring... -caudal end of larynx... -lamina…
-paired, bilateral cartilages... -sit on superior edge of poster…
Thyroid cartilage
-single... -largest cartilage... -thyroid gland here... -laryngeal pro…
epiglottic cartilage
-unpaired, single cartilage... -thin and leaf shaped... -deflect fl…
126 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of Speech
Anterior
Ventral
Posterior
Dorsal
front
belly or anterior surface
toward the rear
back of the body
Anterior
front
Ventral
belly or anterior surface
174 terms
Speech Anatomy & Physiology RESPIRATION
Anterior
Posterior
Anatomy
Physiology
(Ventral)... In front of
(Dorsal)... In back of
Study of STRUCTURE of organisms and relations to parts
Science dealing with FUNCTION of living organims
Anterior
(Ventral)... In front of
Posterior
(Dorsal)... In back of
48 terms
Speech anatomy - physiology of phonation
Theories of Phonation
Neurochronaxic Theory
Problem with Neurochronaxic Theory
Rate of flow (in relation to Myoelasti…
-Neurochronaxic Theory... -Myoelastic-aerodynamic Theory... -Cover-…
With every vocal fold oscilation, the brain sends a message t…
-the signal would take too long... -The recurrent laryngeal nerv…
The rate of airflow through a tube will increase at the point…
Theories of Phonation
-Neurochronaxic Theory... -Myoelastic-aerodynamic Theory... -Cover-…
Neurochronaxic Theory
With every vocal fold oscilation, the brain sends a message t…
29 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of Speech Production
Anatomy
Physiology
The 3 Subsystems of Speech
Rib Cage
Body Structure
Functions of organs and structures
Respiratory, Laryngeal, Articulatory/Resonating
A framework of bone and cartilage that surrounds the lungs
Anatomy
Body Structure
Physiology
Functions of organs and structures
48 terms
Anatomy and physiology -Speech
Anatomy
Physiology
Thorax
Abdomen
The study of structure of an organism (what it looks like)
The study of the function of the living organism and its part…
Chest region
The anterior abdomen wall
Anatomy
The study of structure of an organism (what it looks like)
Physiology
The study of the function of the living organism and its part…
101 terms
Speech Anatomy and Physiology Final
The shoulders are ______________ to th…
The ears are _______ to the shoulders
Describe a position of the index finge…
A coronal plane is
Inferior
Superior
...
A vertical plane that divides the body into anterior (front)…
The shoulders are ______________ to th…
Inferior
The ears are _______ to the shoulders
Superior
61 terms
Anatomy and physiology of speech
communication
Why speech- Language Pathologists and…
Anatomy
Physiology
transmission of information between two or more individuals t…
1. The Complexity of Communication... 2. Provision of Effective…
study of the structure of an organism and the relationship of…
study of the normal functions or vital processes of living or…
communication
transmission of information between two or more individuals t…
Why speech- Language Pathologists and…
1. The Complexity of Communication... 2. Provision of Effective…
26 terms
#6: Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
Anterior vs Posterior... Proximal vs Dist…
Central Nervous System vs Peripheral N…
Neuron
Afferent vs Efferent
Anterior: to the front... Posterior: to the back... Proximal: near…
CNS: Brain, Brain stem, spinal cord... PNS: cranial nerves, spin…
- A cell that carries information... - Dendrites, body, axon... - E…
Afferent: affects the brain... Efferent: creates an effect in th…
Anterior vs Posterior... Proximal vs Dist…
Anterior: to the front... Posterior: to the back... Proximal: near…
Central Nervous System vs Peripheral N…
CNS: Brain, Brain stem, spinal cord... PNS: cranial nerves, spin…
181 terms
Speech Anatomy and Physiology test 2
respiratory cycle
lung volume
lung capacity
pressures of the respiratory system
defined as as one inspiration and one expiration... -in adults,…
Amounts of air each separate compartment in the respiratory s…
Combinations of volumes that express physiological limits ... -f…
atmospheric pressure, intra-oral pressure, sub-glottal pressu…
respiratory cycle
defined as as one inspiration and one expiration... -in adults,…
lung volume
Amounts of air each separate compartment in the respiratory s…
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology for Speech
anatomy
dissection
physiology
applied anatomy/clinical anatomy
study of the structure of an organism
cutting of parts of the organism- anatomy was at one time ref…
study of the function of the living organism and its parts
entails the application of anatomical study for the diagnosis…
anatomy
study of the structure of an organism
dissection
cutting of parts of the organism- anatomy was at one time ref…
88 terms
Anatomy and physiology of speech production
Superficial (external)
Deep (internal)
Ventral
Dorsal
Towards the surface
Within the tissue, away from the surface
Belly side
Back side
Superficial (external)
Towards the surface
Deep (internal)
Within the tissue, away from the surface
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech Mechanism
ventral
dorsal
anterior
posterior
farther from the backbone of the body
closer to the backbone
closer to the front or head of the body
closer to the back of the body or away from the head
ventral
farther from the backbone of the body
dorsal
closer to the backbone
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech Study
Describe the speech signal path
Name the 9 mobile articulators
Name the 3 immobile articulators
Name and point to the 12 bones of the…
The acoustic source produces a sound, which is then changed b…
1. Tongue... 2. Mandible... 3. Lips... 4. Velum... 5. Cheeks... 6. Fauces... 7.…
1. Alveolar Ridge... 2. Hard Palate... 3. Teeth
1. Mandible... 2. Maxillae... 3. Zygomatic Bone... 4. Nasal Bone... 5. Pa…
Describe the speech signal path
The acoustic source produces a sound, which is then changed b…
Name the 9 mobile articulators
1. Tongue... 2. Mandible... 3. Lips... 4. Velum... 5. Cheeks... 6. Fauces... 7.…
140 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech Mechanisms
Intrinsic Muscles of the Larynx (Categ…
Extrinsic Muscles of the Larynx; Supra…
Adductors
Abductor of the Intrinsic Muscles
Adductors... Abductor... Tensors... Relaxers... Auxiliary Musculature
Hyoid and Laryngeal Elevators... Hyoid and Laryngeal Depressors
Lateral Cricoarytenoid... Transverse Arytenoid... Oblique Arytenoid
Posterior Cricoarytenoid
Intrinsic Muscles of the Larynx (Categ…
Adductors... Abductor... Tensors... Relaxers... Auxiliary Musculature
Extrinsic Muscles of the Larynx; Supra…
Hyoid and Laryngeal Elevators... Hyoid and Laryngeal Depressors
24 terms
Anatomy and Functional Physiology for Speech
pharynx
divisions of pharynx
nasopharynx
oropharynx
muscular tube lying behind the nose, oral cavity, and larynx.…
nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx
connects the nasal cavity with the velum
middle part of pharynx behind the mouth
pharynx
muscular tube lying behind the nose, oral cavity, and larynx.…
divisions of pharynx
nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx
58 terms
Anatomy & physiology of speech
Anatomy
Physiology
Anterior
Posterior
Study of the structures of the body and how the structures re…
Functions of organisms and bodily structures
From the front
From the back
Anatomy
Study of the structures of the body and how the structures re…
Physiology
Functions of organisms and bodily structures
32 terms
Speech Anatomy, Physiology, Acoustics
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
DIAPHRAGM
SUBGLOTTAL PRESSURE
VEGETATIVE BREATHING
Power supply for speech.
A large muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen. It…
Pressure right beneath the vocal cords due to outgoing air fr…
Breathing for life. It involves the same time for inhalations…
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
Power supply for speech.
DIAPHRAGM
A large muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen. It…
41 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of Speech
Ante-
Anterior
Anti-
Bilateral
Before or in front of something
More toward the front in relation to another thing... Synonym: V…
Against or opposite
Both sides
Ante-
Before or in front of something
Anterior
More toward the front in relation to another thing... Synonym: V…
77 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Speech
Anatomy
Physiology
Neuroscience
Neuroscience helps us to...
body structures
functions of body structures
the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system
better understand and identify neurological cases of communic…
Anatomy
body structures
Physiology
functions of body structures
23 terms
Speech anatomy and physiology
cns
pns
closed tube
upper respiratory
controls and regulates all motor, sensory, and cognitive proc…
carries messages to the cns
we are all _____________ resinators
includes the trachea, larynx, oral and nasal cavotoes
cns
controls and regulates all motor, sensory, and cognitive proc…
pns
carries messages to the cns
75 terms
Anatomy Physiology of Speech Basics
Ante-
Anterior
Anteroposterior
Anti-
Situated before or in front of
One structure is situated closer to the front of the body tha…
Situated in an anterior-to-posterior (front-to-back) plane
Situated against or on the opposite side
Ante-
Situated before or in front of
Anterior
One structure is situated closer to the front of the body tha…
39 terms
Anatomy &Physiology of Speech
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Respiratory System
Regulate sensory information
Controls and regulates motor, sensory and cognitive process (…
Carries messages to and from the CNS ... - Voluntary=... - Involunt…
Oxygen & Carbon Dioxide exchange controlled by brain stem
Nervous System
Regulate sensory information
Central Nervous System
Controls and regulates motor, sensory and cognitive process (…
10 terms
5. Anatomy & Physiology of Speech
Phylogenic
Ontogenic
Problems with evolution
Epiglottis
Evolution
Babies
Choke to death... Swallowing not efficient... Crowding of Mandible
Breathing - points upwards... Swallowing - horizontal as the hyo…
Phylogenic
Evolution
Ontogenic
Babies
47 terms
COSD Anatomy & Physiology of Speech
Physiological Subsystems
Primary Respiratory Function
Parts of respiratory system
Pharynx
Articulatory/Resonatory, Phonatory, Respiratory
supply oxygen to the blood and remove excess carbon dioxide
pulmonary apparatus, chest wall.thorax, abdominal wall, abdom…
throat
Physiological Subsystems
Articulatory/Resonatory, Phonatory, Respiratory
Primary Respiratory Function
supply oxygen to the blood and remove excess carbon dioxide
76 terms
Speech Anatomy Physiology of Respiration
supports everything they say
Respiration
Relative Air Pressure
Inversely proportional to one another
How your patient breathes
First component of Speech Support
Respiration is accomplished by differences in
Boyle's law: If a gas is kept at a constant temperature, pres…
supports everything they say
How your patient breathes
Respiration
First component of Speech Support
186 terms
Anatomy and physiology of speech
Systematic anatomy
Regional/topographical/service/living…
Caudal
Osteology
Involved in the description of individual body parts without…
Studying structural relationships of body parts. Example head…
Inferiorly, away from head, tail
Study of structure and function of bones
Systematic anatomy
Involved in the description of individual body parts without…
Regional/topographical/service/living…
Studying structural relationships of body parts. Example head…
88 terms
ASP Anatomy/Physiology of Speech
Anatomy
Physiology
Teratogen
Greatest susceptability is during ____…
Study of structure
Study of function
Any agent (virus, drugs, chemicals, mmalnutrition) that is ab…
Critical periods of development:... Heart:3-8 weeks... Palate: 5-12…
Anatomy
Study of structure
Physiology
Study of function
140 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech Mechanisms
Intrinsic Muscles of the Larynx (Categ…
Extrinsic Muscles of the Larynx; Supra…
Adductors
Abductor of the Intrinsic Muscles
Adductors... Abductor... Tensors... Relaxers... Auxiliary Musculature
Hyoid and Laryngeal Elevators... Hyoid and Laryngeal Depressors
Lateral Cricoarytenoid... Transverse Arytenoid... Oblique Arytenoid
Posterior Cricoarytenoid
Intrinsic Muscles of the Larynx (Categ…
Adductors... Abductor... Tensors... Relaxers... Auxiliary Musculature
Extrinsic Muscles of the Larynx; Supra…
Hyoid and Laryngeal Elevators... Hyoid and Laryngeal Depressors
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