Study sets matching "anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology"

146 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Ulnar
Fibula
Siactic
Triceps brachii
What nerve is involved when a client experiences pain, numbne…
The lateral malleolus is comprised of which of the following…
Piriformis syndrome affects which of the following nerves?
Which of the following muscles inserts into the olecranon pro…
Ulnar
What nerve is involved when a client experiences pain, numbne…
Fibula
The lateral malleolus is comprised of which of the following…
92 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
prime mover (agonist)
biceps brachii
antagonist
triceps brachii
muscle with the major responsibility for a certain movement
prime mover that flexes the elbow
muscle that opposses or reverses a prime mover
prime mover that extends the elbow
prime mover (agonist)
muscle with the major responsibility for a certain movement
biceps brachii
prime mover that flexes the elbow
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Hypothesis
Theory
The study of how all parts of the body function
The study of the human body, all its parts, and how it is put…
A statement of belief that explains the natural world
An educated guess
Anatomy
The study of how all parts of the body function
Physiology
The study of the human body, all its parts, and how it is put…
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal Cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
A standard reference position used for describing location an…
Science that studies the form and composition of the the body…
Abdominal Cavity
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
172 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Apices
Bases
Bilaterally
Unilaterally
Tip or topmost portion of a structure (exception, heart, bott…
Bottom portion of a structure
Appearing on both sides of the midline (i.e. eyes and lungs)
Appearing on one side of the midline (i.e. paralysis, weakness)
Apices
Tip or topmost portion of a structure (exception, heart, bott…
Bases
Bottom portion of a structure
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
ethmoid
frontal
lacrimal
mandible
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
bone that forms the forehead
small thin bones located at the front inner wall... of the orbit…
lower jawbone;largest and strongest bone on the face
ethmoid
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
frontal
bone that forms the forehead
102 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Cephalic
Facial
Frontal
Orbital
Pertaining to the head
Pertaining to the face
Pertaining to the forehead
Pertaining to the eye
Cephalic
Pertaining to the head
Facial
Pertaining to the face
164 terms
Anatomy And Physiology
What are the functions of the skeletal…
What is the diaphysis of a long bone a…
What are the proximal and distal ends…
What are osteoblasts
support, protection, movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cel…
Shaft
epiphyses
Bone cells:(bone-building cells that secrete matrix)
What are the functions of the skeletal…
support, protection, movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cel…
What is the diaphysis of a long bone a…
Shaft
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
cells
tissues
organs
organ systems
basic unit of life
group of cells that perform the same function
group of tissues that work together to perform a single or se…
group of organs that perform closely related functions; inter…
cells
basic unit of life
tissues
group of cells that perform the same function
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skelton
Epithelial Tissue
Stratified Epithelium
Bones of the main longitudinal axis of the body
Bones of the appendages and supporting girdles (pelvic, pecto…
One side is exposed to a free surface, other side is usually…
Multiple layers... Functions: diffusion, secretion, and absorpt…
Axial Skeleton
Bones of the main longitudinal axis of the body
Appendicular Skelton
Bones of the appendages and supporting girdles (pelvic, pecto…
Anatomy & Physiology Atlas
anatomical position
supinated
pronated
sagittal plane
a person standing with their feet flat on the floor and their…
rotated to face forward
rotated to face rearward
divides body into right and left
anatomical position
a person standing with their feet flat on the floor and their…
supinated
rotated to face forward
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
The chromosomal structure that limits…
The cell's transmembrane resting poten…
During which phase of the cell cycle d…
When a double helix of DNA is replicat…
telomere
active transport
Interphase
chromatids
The chromosomal structure that limits…
telomere
The cell's transmembrane resting poten…
active transport
458 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 20
blood ... heart... blood vessels
5 Liters per minute
cardiology
the apex of the heart rests on the dia…
what are the three parts of the cardiovascular system?
How much blood does the heart pump per minute while you are a…
the study of the normal heart and the diseases associated wit…
the ___________ of the heart rests on the _____________.
blood ... heart... blood vessels
what are the three parts of the cardiovascular system?
5 Liters per minute
How much blood does the heart pump per minute while you are a…
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscles (Anatomy)
frontalis
frontalis
sternocleidomastoid
sternocleidomastoid
frontalis
frontalis
250 terms
anatomy and physiology
connective tissue
epithelial tissue
muscule tissue
nervous tissue
one of the 4 types: connects structures and fills gaps
one of the 4 types: covers or lines structures
one of the 4 types: specialized for contraction
one of the 4 types: specialized for electrical signal conduct…
connective tissue
one of the 4 types: connects structures and fills gaps
epithelial tissue
one of the 4 types: covers or lines structures
227 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Energetics
all the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
the reactions that build things
the reactions that break things down
the flow of energy from place to place and it changes from on…
Metabolism
all the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
Anabolism
the reactions that build things
Anatomy and physiology
cranial nerves
ANS consists of
Sympathetic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous System
12 pairs. Mostly effect things in the head and neck
Sympathetic Nervous System and Parasympathetic Nervous System
Response to stress
Homeostasis in the absence of stress
cranial nerves
12 pairs. Mostly effect things in the head and neck
ANS consists of
Sympathetic Nervous System and Parasympathetic Nervous System
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Transverse
Frontal
Sagittal
Axial
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
The body portion that consists of the head, neck and torso is…
Transverse
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
Frontal
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
anatomy and physiology
Plasm
conjugated bilirubin
blood
albumin
is clear,straw -colored liquid that makes up 55% of the blood.
the fraction of serum bilirubin which has been conjugated wit…
is composed of plasm and formed element( red blood cells, whi…
are molecules that are too large to pass through the wall of…
Plasm
is clear,straw -colored liquid that makes up 55% of the blood.
conjugated bilirubin
the fraction of serum bilirubin which has been conjugated wit…
62 terms
Physiology Unit 1: Anatomy
Cephalon
Cervicis
Thoracis
Abdomen
head
neck
Chest
Abs
Cephalon
head
Cervicis
neck
121 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Bone physiology test
spinal cord
body
intervertebral discs
transverse foramina
The vertebral column encloses & protects the ------
the------of the vertebrae support the weight of the head & tr…
the -------------------- separate adjacent vertebrae
---------- are openings in the cervical vertebrae that are pa…
spinal cord
The vertebral column encloses & protects the ------
body
the------of the vertebrae support the weight of the head & tr…
Anatomy and Physiology: Anatomical Terms
Humerus
Abdominal
Antebrachial
Antecubital
Upper arm bone
anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs
forearm (the portion of the upper limb between the elbow and…
region anterior to the elbow; also known as the cubital regio…
Humerus
Upper arm bone
Abdominal
anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs
Anatomy and Physiology
Physiology
Nerve
Liver
Movable and immovable
The study of the functions and activities performed by the bo…
This type of tissue is composed of neurons
An organ that removes waste created by digestion
The two basic types of joints
Physiology
The study of the functions and activities performed by the bo…
Nerve
This type of tissue is composed of neurons
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
cadaver
movement
structure of body parts (also called morphology)
function of body parts (what they do and how)
dead human body
self initiated change in position, motion of internal parts
anatomy
structure of body parts (also called morphology)
physiology
function of body parts (what they do and how)
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Subdivisions of anatomy
physiology
Gross anatomy
the study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
1. gross or macroscopic... 2. microscopic... 3. developmental
the study of the function of the body's structural machinery
things you can see with your eyes
Anatomy
the study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
Subdivisions of anatomy
1. gross or macroscopic... 2. microscopic... 3. developmental
137 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
What are the four general tissue types?
Name the layers of the digestive tract…
What is negative feedback?
Where are the stem cells located in an…
1. Epithelial ... 2. Connective ... 3. Muscle... 4. Bone (osseous)
1. Epithelium (cell layers)... 2. Basement Membrane ... 3. Lamina P…
Counteraction by a system to change to the system
The basale end, near the basement membrane
What are the four general tissue types?
1. Epithelial ... 2. Connective ... 3. Muscle... 4. Bone (osseous)
Name the layers of the digestive tract…
1. Epithelium (cell layers)... 2. Basement Membrane ... 3. Lamina P…
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Final: Bones!
clavicle
scapula
humerus
ulna
clavicle
scapula
Anatomy and Physiology
Periosteum
Spongy Bone
Cartilage
Actin
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that…
Thin filament of protein found in muscles
Periosteum
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Spongy Bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
cephalic
otic
occipital
abdominal
head
ear
back off head
gut
cephalic
head
otic
ear
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
What is the predominant tissue in The…
What is the predominant tissue found i…
What is the predominant tissue found i…
Identify the Melanocytes
Stratified Squamous epithelial tissue
Dense and loose connective tissue
Adipose & Areolar Tissue
The melanocytes are found in The stratum basale
What is the predominant tissue in The…
Stratified Squamous epithelial tissue
What is the predominant tissue found i…
Dense and loose connective tissue
Anatomy & Physiology
The sebaceous glands, skin, hair, and…
The heart, lymphatic organs, and blood…
The liver, stomach, mouth, and pancrea…
The bladder, urethra, kidneys, and ure…
integumentary
cardiovascular
digestive
urinary
The sebaceous glands, skin, hair, and…
integumentary
The heart, lymphatic organs, and blood…
cardiovascular
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Anatomy & Physiology
Andreas Versalius
Anatomy and Physiology definitions
Embryology
Developmental biology
Belgian physician who dissected the recently deceased and is…
A- the structure of body parts... P- the functions of the body p…
Study of structures within the fertilized-8 weeks old
The study of the fertilized egg to adulthood
Andreas Versalius
Belgian physician who dissected the recently deceased and is…
Anatomy and Physiology definitions
A- the structure of body parts... P- the functions of the body p…
Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 4
A. EPITHELIAL TISSUE
3.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) CLASSIFIED BY…
4.) ( CLASSIFIED BY ARRANGEMENT OF CELLS
5.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) SIMPLE SQUAMOU…
1.) COVERS BODY AND LINES BODY CAVITIES... 2.) CELLS PACKED CLOS…
A.) SQUAMOUS B.) CUBOIDAL C.) COLUMNAR ... D.) TRANSITIONAL
A.) SIMPLE B.) STRATIFIED
A.) SINGLE LAYER OF SCALELIKE CELLS ... B.) TRANSPORT IS FUNCTI…
A. EPITHELIAL TISSUE
1.) COVERS BODY AND LINES BODY CAVITIES... 2.) CELLS PACKED CLOS…
3.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) CLASSIFIED BY…
A.) SQUAMOUS B.) CUBOIDAL C.) COLUMNAR ... D.) TRANSITIONAL
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Cell Biology
Developmental Biology
the science of body structures and the relationships between…
the study of body functions and how the parts work together
cellular structures and functions (A)
development from birth to death (A)
Anatomy
the science of body structures and the relationships between…
Physiology
the study of body functions and how the parts work together
465 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an…
We can see through bones with magnetic…
Histology is the study of structures t…
Cells were first named by microscopist…
False
True
False
True
Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an…
False
We can see through bones with magnetic…
True
Anatomy and Physiology
11 systems
levels of organization
homeostasis
Feedback loops
nervous, immune, respiratory, digestive, muscular, circulator…
cells, tissues, organs, organ systems... neurons, neural tissue…
keeping internal conditions stable despite external changes
when conditions start varying, other processes turn on to mai…
11 systems
nervous, immune, respiratory, digestive, muscular, circulator…
levels of organization
cells, tissues, organs, organ systems... neurons, neural tissue…
Anatomy and Physiology- terms #1
ventral
dorsal
anterior
posterior
towards the front* or belly... Ex) The aorta is VENTRAL to the v…
towards the back or spine... Ex) The vertebral column is DORSAL…
towards the ventral side*... Ex) The sternum is ANTERIOR to the…
towards the dorsal side*... Ex) The esophagus is POSTERIOR to th…
ventral
towards the front* or belly... Ex) The aorta is VENTRAL to the v…
dorsal
towards the back or spine... Ex) The vertebral column is DORSAL…
243 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
What is the Hierarchy of Life?
What is a karyotype?
What Is protoplasm?
What is a colloid?
Organism... Organ System... Organ... Tissue... Cell... Organelle... Macromolecu…
the number and visual appearance of the chromosomes in the ce…
A colloid that form a complex involved in chemical activities…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids
What is the Hierarchy of Life?
Organism... Organ System... Organ... Tissue... Cell... Organelle... Macromolecu…
What is a karyotype?
the number and visual appearance of the chromosomes in the ce…
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Introduction
Anatomy
Physiology
6 levels of organization
6 most important processes of human body
Structure
Function
1. Chemical level... 2.Cellular level... 3. Tissue Level... 4. Organ L…
1. Metabolism... 2.Responsiveness... 3. Movement... 4. Growth... 5. Diffe…
Anatomy
Structure
Physiology
Function
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Larynx
Cricoid
Thyroid
Corniculate
Comprised of three unpaired and three paired cartilages, A mu…
Inferior-most cartilage of the larynx, ring-like, higher in t…
Most massive of the laryngeal cartilages, when it rocks down…
The cartilage that articulates with the superior aspect of th…
Larynx
Comprised of three unpaired and three paired cartilages, A mu…
Cricoid
Inferior-most cartilage of the larynx, ring-like, higher in t…
936 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
dissection
embryology
body structures and relationships
the science of body functions
the careful cutting apart of body structures to study their r…
study of the first eight weeks of development after the ferti…
anatomy
body structures and relationships
physiology
the science of body functions
69 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Root Words
a(n)
algia
angi(o)
aort(o)
without
pain
vessel
aorta
a(n)
without
algia
pain
Anatomy & Physiology
phosphoric acid
carbonic acid
sulfuric acid
iodic acid
H3PO3
HClO3
H2SO3
HBrO3
phosphoric acid
H3PO3
carbonic acid
HClO3
36 terms
Generated Cell Physiology- Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Transport
Interstitial Solutions
Active vs Passive Transport
Diffusion
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Active: ... - Solutes move from low to high concentration to the…
A passive transport of molecules
Cell Transport
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
Interstitial Solutions
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Anatomy & Physiology
sensory input
integration
motor output
CNS
gathering info
interpretation
response
Brain/ spina cord
sensory input
gathering info
integration
interpretation
19 terms
HS Anatomy & Physiology Quiz 1
Abdominal Cavity
abdominoplevic cavity
anatomical direction/ position
anatomy
contains the stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancrea…
includes the abdominal and pelvic cavities
erect standing position with arms at the sides and palms faci…
study of the form or structore of humans, animals and plants
Abdominal Cavity
contains the stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancrea…
abdominoplevic cavity
includes the abdominal and pelvic cavities
21 terms
Apologia Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 3
Gluteus Maximus
Rapid eye movement
Voluntary muscles
Flexor muscles
the muscle that connects to the back of the pelvic girdle and…
the way the eye moves during sleep
another name for skeletal muscles, because you can control th…
muscles that close the joints
Gluteus Maximus
the muscle that connects to the back of the pelvic girdle and…
Rapid eye movement
the way the eye moves during sleep
25 terms
Brain Anatomy and Physiology
Prefrontal cortex
Inferior colliculi
thalamus
Pre-central Gyrus
planning complex cognitive behavior, personality expression,…
determines the location of sounds
Prefrontal cortex
planning complex cognitive behavior, personality expression,…
Inferior colliculi
determines the location of sounds
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