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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy physiology"

101 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Autorhythmic cells
T-Tubule
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
create waves of depolarization that spread to contractile cel…
invagination of sarcolemma. Conducts impulses into deeper reg…
muscle cell plasma membrane
Specialized smooth endoplasmic reticulum surrounding myofibri…
Autorhythmic cells
create waves of depolarization that spread to contractile cel…
T-Tubule
invagination of sarcolemma. Conducts impulses into deeper reg…
101 terms
Unit 1 review - anatomy and physiology
anatomy
physiology
levels of organization in the body
integumentary system
The study of body structure
The study of body function
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism (CC…
Forms external body covering and protects deeper tissue from…
anatomy
The study of body structure
physiology
The study of body function
19 terms
HS Anatomy & Physiology Quiz 1
Abdominal Cavity
abdominoplevic cavity
anatomical direction/ position
anatomy
contains the stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancrea…
includes the abdominal and pelvic cavities
erect standing position with arms at the sides and palms faci…
study of the form or structore of humans, animals and plants
Abdominal Cavity
contains the stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancrea…
abdominoplevic cavity
includes the abdominal and pelvic cavities
36 terms
Generated Cell Physiology- Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Transport
Interstitial Solutions
Active vs Passive Transport
Diffusion
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Active: ... - Solutes move from low to high concentration to the…
A passive transport of molecules
Cell Transport
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
Interstitial Solutions
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
250 terms
anatomy and physiology
connective tissue
epithelial tissue
muscule tissue
nervous tissue
one of the 4 types: connects structures and fills gaps
one of the 4 types: covers or lines structures
one of the 4 types: specialized for contraction
one of the 4 types: specialized for electrical signal conduct…
connective tissue
one of the 4 types: connects structures and fills gaps
epithelial tissue
one of the 4 types: covers or lines structures
134 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Superior
Posterior
Inferior
Anterior (ventral)
Top
back
bottom
front
Superior
Top
Posterior
back
105 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Arteries
Capillaries
Veins
Purpose of valves
- Oxygen-rich blood... - Thickest walls, must contract to help b…
- Function is to bring nutrients and oxygen to the tissues... -…
- Oxygen-poor blood... - Carries blood from tissues back to the…
To prevent back-flow (body has to fight gravity to get blood…
Arteries
- Oxygen-rich blood... - Thickest walls, must contract to help b…
Capillaries
- Function is to bring nutrients and oxygen to the tissues... -…
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
ethmoid
frontal
lacrimal
mandible
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
bone that forms the forehead
small thin bones located at the front inner wall... of the orbit…
lower jawbone;largest and strongest bone on the face
ethmoid
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
frontal
bone that forms the forehead
Anatomy and physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Level of orginization
Negative feedback
Study of structure... Gross: human body's, organs, systems. ... Mic…
Study of function
Atom, molecule,macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ,…
Primary type of homeostatic control. Opposes initial change.…
Anatomy
Study of structure... Gross: human body's, organs, systems. ... Mic…
Physiology
Study of function
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Sternocleidomastoid
Pectoralis Major
Serratus Anterior
Deltoid
Origin: Manubrium of the Sternum and clavicle... Insertion: mast…
Origin: clavicle, sternum, & cartilage of ribs 1-6... Insertion:…
Origin: Ribs 1-8 (or 9) ... Insertion: Scapula ... Action: Rib elev…
Origin: Clavicle, acromion and spine of scapula ... Insertion: D…
Sternocleidomastoid
Origin: Manubrium of the Sternum and clavicle... Insertion: mast…
Pectoralis Major
Origin: clavicle, sternum, & cartilage of ribs 1-6... Insertion:…
37 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Phalanges (fingers)
Phalanges (toes)
Metacarpals
Metatarsals
Phalanges (fingers)
Phalanges (toes)
164 terms
Anatomy And Physiology
What are the functions of the skeletal…
What is the diaphysis of a long bone a…
What are the proximal and distal ends…
What are osteoblasts
support, protection, movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cel…
Shaft
epiphyses
Bone cells:(bone-building cells that secrete matrix)
What are the functions of the skeletal…
support, protection, movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cel…
What is the diaphysis of a long bone a…
Shaft
78 terms
anatomy and physiology
red marrow vs yellow marrow
spongy bone vs compact bone
hinge joint vs fixed joint
flexor vs extensor
thick, bloodlike material found in flat bones and the ends of…
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
Joint between bones (as at the elbow or knee) that permits mo…
a muscle that bends a part of the body, such as an arm or a l…
red marrow vs yellow marrow
thick, bloodlike material found in flat bones and the ends of…
spongy bone vs compact bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skelton
Epithelial Tissue
Stratified Epithelium
Bones of the main longitudinal axis of the body
Bones of the appendages and supporting girdles (pelvic, pecto…
One side is exposed to a free surface, other side is usually…
Multiple layers... Functions: diffusion, secretion, and absorpt…
Axial Skeleton
Bones of the main longitudinal axis of the body
Appendicular Skelton
Bones of the appendages and supporting girdles (pelvic, pecto…
408 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Chemical level
Cellular level
the study of the structure of the body
the study of the function of the body
represents the atoms and molecules that make up cells (Consis…
represents the basic unit of all living things
Anatomy
the study of the structure of the body
Physiology
the study of the function of the body
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Transverse Foramen
Transverse Process
Vertebral Foramen
Odontoid Body (Dens)
Transverse Foramen
Transverse Process
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Cell
Cell Membrane
Centrosome
The study of the form and structure of an organism
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
The outer protective covering of the cell
Located in the cytoplasm near the nucleus
Anatomy
The study of the form and structure of an organism
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
21 terms
Apologia Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 3
Gluteus Maximus
Rapid eye movement
Voluntary muscles
Flexor muscles
the muscle that connects to the back of the pelvic girdle and…
the way the eye moves during sleep
another name for skeletal muscles, because you can control th…
muscles that close the joints
Gluteus Maximus
the muscle that connects to the back of the pelvic girdle and…
Rapid eye movement
the way the eye moves during sleep
50 terms
Tissues Histology Anatomy and Physiology
Histology
Tissues
What are 4 types of tissue
What are five general characteristic o…
the study of tissues
similar cells that are specialized to carry out a particular…
1. Epithelial Tissue... 2. Connective Tissue... 3. Muscle Tissue... 4.…
1. tightly packed with little matrix... 2. all have one apical s…
Histology
the study of tissues
Tissues
similar cells that are specialized to carry out a particular…
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Transverse Foramen
Transverse Process
Vertebral Foramen
Odontoid Body (Dens)
Transverse Foramen
Transverse Process
56 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Lab Quiz 1
Anterior
Posterior
Deep
Distal
Located towards the front of the body
Located towards the back of the body
Located away from the surface of the body
Located farther from the point of attachment
Anterior
Located towards the front of the body
Posterior
Located towards the back of the body
81 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abductor:
Adductor:
Afferent nerves:... .
Anabolism:
Muscle that separates the fingers
Muscle that draws the fingers together
Carry messages to the brain and spinal cord; determine the se…
Process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones dur…
Abductor:
Muscle that separates the fingers
Adductor:
Muscle that draws the fingers together
111 terms
Unit 1: Intro to Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Digestive System Functions
Major Organs of the Digestive System
the study of the structure (morphology, form) of body parts.
the study of the function of body parts.
receive, breakdown, and absorb food... eliminate unabsorbed mat…
mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, st…
Anatomy
the study of the structure (morphology, form) of body parts.
Physiology
the study of the function of body parts.
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
All clients are different with alterna…
Functions of the skeleton.
What is the main function of an Artery?
How does Lymph move around the body?
Diversity.
Protection & Movement.
Carries Oxygenated blood away from the heart.
Muscle.
All clients are different with alterna…
Diversity.
Functions of the skeleton.
Protection & Movement.
146 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Ulnar
Fibula
Siactic
Triceps brachii
What nerve is involved when a client experiences pain, numbne…
The lateral malleolus is comprised of which of the following…
Piriformis syndrome affects which of the following nerves?
Which of the following muscles inserts into the olecranon pro…
Ulnar
What nerve is involved when a client experiences pain, numbne…
Fibula
The lateral malleolus is comprised of which of the following…
100 terms
Anatomy and physiology
cranial nerves
ANS consists of
Sympathetic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous System
12 pairs. Mostly effect things in the head and neck
Sympathetic Nervous System and Parasympathetic Nervous System
Response to stress
Homeostasis in the absence of stress
cranial nerves
12 pairs. Mostly effect things in the head and neck
ANS consists of
Sympathetic Nervous System and Parasympathetic Nervous System
37 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Lab Quiz 2
Epithelial
Connective
Muscle
Nervous
Tissue type that lines and covers; contains more cells than m…
Tissue type that is more matrix than cells
Tissue type that contracts to create movement
Tissue type that carries electrical signals throughout the body
Epithelial
Tissue type that lines and covers; contains more cells than m…
Connective
Tissue type that is more matrix than cells
43 terms
Intro to Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
Physiology
The study of the structure and shape of the body and body par…
large easily observable structures
very small structures in the body
the study of how the body and its parts work or function... Phy…
Anatomy
The study of the structure and shape of the body and body par…
Gross Anatomy
large easily observable structures
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
cadaver
movement
structure of body parts (also called morphology)
function of body parts (what they do and how)
dead human body
self initiated change in position, motion of internal parts
anatomy
structure of body parts (also called morphology)
physiology
function of body parts (what they do and how)
172 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Apices
Bases
Bilaterally
Unilaterally
Tip or topmost portion of a structure (exception, heart, bott…
Bottom portion of a structure
Appearing on both sides of the midline (i.e. eyes and lungs)
Appearing on one side of the midline (i.e. paralysis, weakness)
Apices
Tip or topmost portion of a structure (exception, heart, bott…
Bases
Bottom portion of a structure
120 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
The sebaceous glands, skin, hair, and…
The heart, lymphatic organs, and blood…
The liver, stomach, mouth, and pancrea…
The bladder, urethra, kidneys, and ure…
integumentary
cardiovascular
digestive
urinary
The sebaceous glands, skin, hair, and…
integumentary
The heart, lymphatic organs, and blood…
cardiovascular
9 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
What are the body cavities?
What are the abdominaopelvic regions?
What is homeostasis?
What are the 3 things to maintain home…
Dorsal (cranial and spinal)... Ventral (thoracic and abdominopel…
Ideal state
Receptor... Control center... Effector
What are the body cavities?
Dorsal (cranial and spinal)... Ventral (thoracic and abdominopel…
What are the abdominaopelvic regions?
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Transverse
Frontal
Sagittal
Axial
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
The body portion that consists of the head, neck and torso is…
Transverse
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
Frontal
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
84 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Periosteum
Spongy Bone
Cartilage
Actin
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that…
Thin filament of protein found in muscles
Periosteum
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Spongy Bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
10 terms
Anatomy and Physiology, Muscular System
Bicep
Tricep
Pectorals
Abdominals
This muscle is located on the front of the upper arm.
This muscle is located on the back of the upper arm.
These muscles are located at the front of the chest.
These muscles are in the middle of the body below the pectora…
Bicep
This muscle is located on the front of the upper arm.
Tricep
This muscle is located on the back of the upper arm.
327 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Levels of Organization
Characteristics of Life
the study of the structure of the human body
the study of the function of the human body
subatomic particles, atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle…
movement, responsiveness, growth, reproduction, respiration,…
Anatomy
the study of the structure of the human body
Physiology
the study of the function of the human body
18 terms
anatomy and physiology
Plasm
conjugated bilirubin
blood
albumin
is clear,straw -colored liquid that makes up 55% of the blood.
the fraction of serum bilirubin which has been conjugated wit…
is composed of plasm and formed element( red blood cells, whi…
are molecules that are too large to pass through the wall of…
Plasm
is clear,straw -colored liquid that makes up 55% of the blood.
conjugated bilirubin
the fraction of serum bilirubin which has been conjugated wit…
22 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
The study of structures and the relati…
The science of how body parts come tog…
Ribosomes.
Vegetative (Mitosis)... Reproductive (Mei…
Anatomy
Pysiology
What makes Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Rough?
What are the two types of cell division?
The study of structures and the relati…
Anatomy
The science of how body parts come tog…
Pysiology
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
cephalic
otic
occipital
abdominal
head
ear
back off head
gut
cephalic
head
otic
ear
465 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an…
We can see through bones with magnetic…
Histology is the study of structures t…
Cells were first named by microscopist…
False
True
False
True
Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an…
False
We can see through bones with magnetic…
True
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Physiology
Nerve
Liver
Movable and immovable
The study of the functions and activities performed by the bo…
This type of tissue is composed of neurons
An organ that removes waste created by digestion
The two basic types of joints
Physiology
The study of the functions and activities performed by the bo…
Nerve
This type of tissue is composed of neurons
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch 3 Aloor
Cell
cells in the human body
Differentiation
differentiation
the basic organizational structure of the human body
50-100 Trillion Cells
when cells specialize
Cells very in size and shape due to their unique function
Cell
the basic organizational structure of the human body
cells in the human body
50-100 Trillion Cells
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
cephalic
otic
occipital
abdominal
head
ear
back off head
gut
cephalic
head
otic
ear
91 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
what are the heart 3 layers
define Pericardium
define Myocardium
Ishemic Heart disease or ... Coronary hea…
1.) pericardium... 2.) myocaridium... 3.) endocaridum
the outer most heart wall... - double-walled membranous sac enc…
- thickest layer of wall ( provides strength... - involuntary m…
partial blockage of coronary arteries due to atherosclerosis…
what are the heart 3 layers
1.) pericardium... 2.) myocaridium... 3.) endocaridum
define Pericardium
the outer most heart wall... - double-walled membranous sac enc…
29 terms
anatomy and physiology
Nervous system
Nerve cells
Sensory organs
Effectors response
Network of cells and nerves which carry messages to the brain…
Neurons- electrical impulses from one place to another.... Perip…
Receptors which respond to stimuli... For example Skin, tongue,…
Sensory neurons - impulses to relay neuron.... Motor neuron to e…
Nervous system
Network of cells and nerves which carry messages to the brain…
Nerve cells
Neurons- electrical impulses from one place to another.... Perip…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomical Position
Four Abdominal Quadrants:
The six body planes are:
Transverse plane
Body facing forward, feet are parallel to each other, arms ar…
Right Upper Quadrant. RUQ... Left Upper Quadrant.LUQ... Right Lower…
Transverse plane.... Sagittal plane.... Midsagittal plane.... Median p…
horizontal division of the body into upper (superior) and low…
Anatomical Position
Body facing forward, feet are parallel to each other, arms ar…
Four Abdominal Quadrants:
Right Upper Quadrant. RUQ... Left Upper Quadrant.LUQ... Right Lower…
283 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
pathology
chemicals that make up the human body
the study of body structure
the study of body function
the study of abnormal changes in the body structure or functi…
atoms and molecules
anatomy
the study of body structure
physiology
the study of body function
91 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Subdivisions of anatomy
physiology
Gross anatomy
the study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
1. gross or macroscopic... 2. microscopic... 3. developmental
the study of the function of the body's structural machinery
things you can see with your eyes
Anatomy
the study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
Subdivisions of anatomy
1. gross or macroscopic... 2. microscopic... 3. developmental
243 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
What is the Hierarchy of Life?
What is a karyotype?
What Is protoplasm?
What is a colloid?
Organism... Organ System... Organ... Tissue... Cell... Organelle... Macromolecu…
the number and visual appearance of the chromosomes in the ce…
A colloid that form a complex involved in chemical activities…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids
What is the Hierarchy of Life?
Organism... Organ System... Organ... Tissue... Cell... Organelle... Macromolecu…
What is a karyotype?
the number and visual appearance of the chromosomes in the ce…
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
11 systems
levels of organization
homeostasis
Feedback loops
nervous, immune, respiratory, digestive, muscular, circulator…
cells, tissues, organs, organ systems... neurons, neural tissue…
keeping internal conditions stable despite external changes
when conditions start varying, other processes turn on to mai…
11 systems
nervous, immune, respiratory, digestive, muscular, circulator…
levels of organization
cells, tissues, organs, organ systems... neurons, neural tissue…
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