Study sets matching "anatomy review"

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Study sets matching "anatomy review"

Anatomy Review
Jugular Notch
Clavicular notch
Manubrium
Sternal Angle
Jugular Notch
Clavicular notch
498 terms
Anatomy Review
Cervical vertebra
Body
Spinous process
Vertebral foramen
whole thing
Cervical vertebra
whole thing
Body
76 terms
Anatomy Final Exam Review
synovial membranes
physiology
actin and myosin
orbicularis oris
Connective tissue membranes that cover joints and secrete a l…
the study of the function of the body
proteins in muscle cells that slide past each other creating…
muscle that puckers the lips. Kissy, Kissy
synovial membranes
Connective tissue membranes that cover joints and secrete a l…
physiology
the study of the function of the body
71 terms
Anatomy Midterm Review Terms
synovial membranes
anatomy
physiology
saltatory conduction
found in joints between bones, mostly made of loose connectiv…
The study of body structure
The study of body function
Rapid transmission of a nerve impulse along an axon, resultin…
synovial membranes
found in joints between bones, mostly made of loose connectiv…
anatomy
The study of body structure
55 terms
Bone Anatomy Review
diaphysis
epiphysis
periosteum
spongy bone
straight shaft of long bone
widened end of long bone
thick, fibrous membrane that covers the outside of a bone; an…
found in the ends of long bones; characterized by irregular s…
diaphysis
straight shaft of long bone
epiphysis
widened end of long bone
Anatomy Review
Anatomical Position
Coronal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Transverse, Horizontal, or Axial plane
Standing Upright feet together facing forward,... Hands by the s…
Oriented Vertically ... Divides the body into Anterior (Front) &…
Oriented Vertically... Right angles to the Coronal Plane... Divide…
Divides the body into Superior and Inferior parts.
Anatomical Position
Standing Upright feet together facing forward,... Hands by the s…
Coronal Plane
Oriented Vertically ... Divides the body into Anterior (Front) &…
Ch 3 Anatomy review
Stratum corneum
Stratum basale
Hypodermis
Eccrine sweat glands
superficial outer layer of epidermis
only epidermal layer capable of mitosis
connects dermis to underlying tissue
most numerous and widespread sweat glands
Stratum corneum
superficial outer layer of epidermis
Stratum basale
only epidermal layer capable of mitosis
329 terms
Anatomy - Quarter Exam Review.
axial Skeleton
appendicular Skeleton
functions of the skeleton
Articular cartilage
Bones of the skull, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum. Supp…
Bones of the limbs (arms and legs) and limb girdles that are…
Protection, Support, Aides in movement, Blood Cell production…
Covers the ends of bone, protection during movement and helps…
axial Skeleton
Bones of the skull, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum. Supp…
appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the limbs (arms and legs) and limb girdles that are…
70 terms
Anatomy Review
Histology
Simple Squamous
Simple Cuboidal
Simple Columnar
study of tissue types
- flat with large surface area... - good at filtration and diffu…
- cube-like... - good at diffusion and secretion... - found in ducts
- long with nuclei at base of cell... - good as protective barri…
Histology
study of tissue types
Simple Squamous
- flat with large surface area... - good at filtration and diffu…
Anatomy Review
Tissues are layers of groups of ______…
The tissues of the human body include…
Epithelial tissues lack blood vessels,…
Epithelium composed of a single layer…
similar
nervous tissue, muscular tissue, epithelial tissue, and conne…
tightly packed
simple; stratified
Tissues are layers of groups of ______…
similar
The tissues of the human body include…
nervous tissue, muscular tissue, epithelial tissue, and conne…
anatomy review
fascicle
perimysium
epimysium
muscle cell (fiber)
fascicle
perimysium
Anatomy Review
Tendons
Muscles
Ligaments
Bones
Binds muscles to bone
A band or bundle of fibrous tissue that has the ability to co…
a short band of tough, flexible, fibrous connective tissue th…
Provides structural support & provides protection for interna…
Tendons
Binds muscles to bone
Muscles
A band or bundle of fibrous tissue that has the ability to co…
516 terms
Anatomy Review
Standard Body Position
Anterior (ventral)
Posterior (dorsal)
Medial
anatomical position: upright, face forward with arms by side,…
toward the front of the body
toward the back of the body
toward the midline of the body
Standard Body Position
anatomical position: upright, face forward with arms by side,…
Anterior (ventral)
toward the front of the body
47 terms
Anatomy Review
zygomatic bones
maxillae
mandible
frontal, temporal, parietal, nasal, ma…
zygomatic bones
maxillae
Anatomy Review
heat
subcutaneous, hypodermis
keratin
vitamin D
radiation from the skin surface and evaporation of sweat are…
fat in the ______(2) tissue layer beneath the dermis helps in…
waterproofing protein found in the epidermal cells
a vitamin that is manufactures in the skin
heat
radiation from the skin surface and evaporation of sweat are…
subcutaneous, hypodermis
fat in the ______(2) tissue layer beneath the dermis helps in…
Anatomy Review
The bame of the respitory pigment in r…
Hemoglobin has a high affinity for wha…
A type of white blood cell produced in…
Blood cell lacking a nucleas
Hemoglobin
Oxygen
Nongranular blood cell
Erythrocytes
The bame of the respitory pigment in r…
Hemoglobin
Hemoglobin has a high affinity for wha…
Oxygen
2,000 terms
Anatomy Review
1. Describe the spinal cord structure…
2. What are the meninges?
3. What are the spinal meninges?
4. What are the three meninges in orde…
a. stacked vertebrae forming the vertebral foramina... b. protec…
a. three connective tissue coverings that surround both the s…
a. surround the spinal cord, and are continuous with the cran…
a. Dura mater... b. Arachnoid mater... c. Pia mater
1. Describe the spinal cord structure…
a. stacked vertebrae forming the vertebral foramina... b. protec…
2. What are the meninges?
a. three connective tissue coverings that surround both the s…
anatomy review
valve that lies between the right atri…
smallest blood vessel
carries oxygenated blood from the lung…
largest artery in the body
tricuspid valve
capillary
pulmonary vein
aorta
valve that lies between the right atri…
tricuspid valve
smallest blood vessel
capillary
Anatomy Unit Vocab Review
Ventral/Anterior
Dorsal/posterior
Frontal/Coronal Plane
Midsaggital
front of the body
Back of the body
Divides the body at the front and the back.
Produces equal halves of left and right
Ventral/Anterior
front of the body
Dorsal/posterior
Back of the body
139 terms
Anatomy Exam 1 Review
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
Above
Below
In front of
Behind
Superior (cranial)
Above
Inferior (caudal)
Below
72 terms
Anatomy Review
define anatomy
define physiology
characteristic of life: movement
characteristic of life: responsiveness
the study of structure
the study of function
walking, heartbeat
reaction to a stimulus (activity) internal/ external
define anatomy
the study of structure
define physiology
the study of function
28 terms
Anatomy review
Abdominal arterial supply
Abdominal incisions
Abdominal muscles
More muscles of the anterior abdomen
C-Clockwise... Anterior thoracic... Musculophrenic... Deep circumflex…
Supra-umbilical... Midline... Maylard... Pfannenstiel
C-Clockwise... Rectus abdominis... External oblique... Posterior rectu…
Abdominal arterial supply
C-Clockwise... Anterior thoracic... Musculophrenic... Deep circumflex…
Abdominal incisions
Supra-umbilical... Midline... Maylard... Pfannenstiel
54 terms
Anatomy Review
Main Stem Bronchi
Lobar
Segmental
Alveolar Ducts
Other name for Primary Bronchi?
Other name for Secondary Bronchi?
Other name for Tertiary Bronchi?
Terminal bronchioles communicate with __________________.
Main Stem Bronchi
Other name for Primary Bronchi?
Lobar
Other name for Secondary Bronchi?
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 Review
Mucous, cutaneous, and serous membranes
synovial membrane
cutaneous membrane
nervous system
The categories of epithelial tissue membranes are?
An example of a connective tissue membrane is?
The only dry membrane is the?
Skin acts in body heat loss or heat retention. This is contro…
Mucous, cutaneous, and serous membranes
The categories of epithelial tissue membranes are?
synovial membrane
An example of a connective tissue membrane is?
47 terms
Anatomy Review
zygomatic bones
maxillae
mandible
frontal, temporal, parietal, nasal, ma…
zygomatic bones
maxillae
27 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 Review
epithelial membranes
cutaneous membrane
mucous membrane
serous membrane
covering and lining membranes
your skin
membrane type that lines body cavities that are open to the e…
membrane type that surrounds the organs.
epithelial membranes
covering and lining membranes
cutaneous membrane
your skin
Ch 2 Anatomy review
Mitochondria
Phospholipid
High energy bonds
Alkaline solution
Major energy production of the cell
Structural lipid found in cell membrane
The bonds between phosphate groups of ATP
Contains a greater concentration of hydroxide ions
Mitochondria
Major energy production of the cell
Phospholipid
Structural lipid found in cell membrane
104 terms
Anatomy Unit 2 Review
four tissue types
Connective tissue location
Connective tissue functions
Connective tissue characteristics
Epithelium ... muscles... connective... nervous
most abundant tissue...widely spread throughout body
-protection... -support... -binds together other tissues... -stores fa…
-extracellular matrix ... -varied blood supply ... -mitotic: Cell…
four tissue types
Epithelium ... muscles... connective... nervous
Connective tissue location
most abundant tissue...widely spread throughout body
Anatomy: Chapter 7 Review
central sulcus
hippocampus
Alzheimer's disease
stroke or cardiovascular accident
the groove between frontal and parietal lobes
structure that creates new long term memories
brain dysfunction characterized by dementia linked with abnor…
brain dysfunction caused by blocked blood flow to part of the…
central sulcus
the groove between frontal and parietal lobes
hippocampus
structure that creates new long term memories
63 terms
Anatomy Midterm Review
Medial
Proximal
Distal
Superior
toward the midline of the body; opposite of lateral
structure that is nearer to the trunk than another part; oppo…
part of radius (forearm bone) that is closer to the wrist tha…
being closer to the head than another structure
Medial
toward the midline of the body; opposite of lateral
Proximal
structure that is nearer to the trunk than another part; oppo…
82 terms
Anatomy Review
Muscle Tissue Functions
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Movement... Respiration... Maintanence of Posture... Communication... Con…
Muscle Tissue Functions
Movement... Respiration... Maintanence of Posture... Communication... Con…
Skeletal Muscle
9 terms
Anatomy review
What are the systems of the body?
What are parietal cells and where are…
What cells are secreted by the gastric…
Pepsinogen is secreted by the _______c…
Integumentary system , skeletal , articular , muscular, nervo…
Secreted by gastric glands in the stomach, these cells secret…
parietal cells and chief cells
chief cells
What are the systems of the body?
Integumentary system , skeletal , articular , muscular, nervo…
What are parietal cells and where are…
Secreted by gastric glands in the stomach, these cells secret…
Anatomy Review
In the little embryo, what type of tis…
What causes bones to remodel?
In what type of bone would we find ost…
A bone is broken in many pieces... Wha…
Hyaline Cartilage
Bones will remodel in response to stress and forces acting on…
Compact Bones
Comminuted Fracture
In the little embryo, what type of tis…
Hyaline Cartilage
What causes bones to remodel?
Bones will remodel in response to stress and forces acting on…
104 terms
Anatomy Unit 2 Review
four tissue types
Connective tissue location
Connective tissue functions
Connective tissue characteristics
Epithelium ... muscles... connective... nervous
most abundant tissue...widely spread throughout body
-protection... -support... -binds together other tissues... -stores fa…
-extracellular matrix ... -varied blood supply ... -mitotic: Cell…
four tissue types
Epithelium ... muscles... connective... nervous
Connective tissue location
most abundant tissue...widely spread throughout body
Anatomy Review
Anatomy
Physiology
Sagittal plane
Transverse plane
Structure of the body
Study of how the body works
Divides body into left and right parts
90 degrees; superior and inferior parts
Anatomy
Structure of the body
Physiology
Study of how the body works
Anatomy Review
3 types of anatomy
Regional anatomy
Surface anatomy
Systemic Anatomy
regional, systemic, clinical
breaks the body into specific regions (ex. upper extremity, l…
refers to studying the body through direct observation and pa…
emphasizes biological systems; single system is studied acros…
3 types of anatomy
regional, systemic, clinical
Regional anatomy
breaks the body into specific regions (ex. upper extremity, l…
172 terms
Anatomy Final Review
reproductive system
skeletal system
skeletal system
nucleus
produces new organism
provides framework for soft tissues
produces blood cells
spherical organelle that contains chromatin/chromosomes
reproductive system
produces new organism
skeletal system
provides framework for soft tissues
Anatomy Review
Lambdoidal Suture
Sartorius Muscle
Interosseous Membrane
Cervical Bone
What suture is this?
Identify this muscle
What type of joint is this?
What region of spinal column would you find this in?
Lambdoidal Suture
What suture is this?
Sartorius Muscle
Identify this muscle
54 terms
Anatomy Review
glenoid fossa
acetabulum
mandible
occipital bone
a shallow depression on a bone into which another bone fits t…
the socket of the hipbone, into which the head of the femur f…
the jaw or a jawbone, especially the lower jawbone in mammals…
the bone that forms the back and base of the skull, and throu…
glenoid fossa
a shallow depression on a bone into which another bone fits t…
acetabulum
the socket of the hipbone, into which the head of the femur f…
42 terms
Anatomy Review
homeostasis
feedback
circumduction
abduction
- a condition of equilibrium (balance) in the body's internal…
- a cycle of events in which the status of a body condition i…
- complete circular movement at shoulder or hip joints
- movement away from the midline
homeostasis
- a condition of equilibrium (balance) in the body's internal…
feedback
- a cycle of events in which the status of a body condition i…
10 terms
Anatomy Review
skeletal muscle function
smooth muscle function
cardiac muscle function
micro to macro muscle
connects to muscle (voluntary movement)
movement, found in organs/ veins (involuntary movement)
pumping blood (involuntary movement)
MACRO... I 1. skeletal muscle... I 2. Fascicle... I 3. Muscle Fiber…
skeletal muscle function
connects to muscle (voluntary movement)
smooth muscle function
movement, found in organs/ veins (involuntary movement)
166 terms
anatomy review
lymphatic cells
T Cells
B Cells
Natural Killer Cells
t-cells, b-cells, natural killer cells
cell mediated immunity
Produce antibodies
destroy bacteria, transplanted tissue, host cells infected wi…
lymphatic cells
t-cells, b-cells, natural killer cells
T Cells
cell mediated immunity
Anatomy review
Common iliac vein
Lesser saphenous vein
Ulnar artery
Phlebology
Originates from the union of the external iliac vein in the h…
The vessel that originates on the lateral side of the foot an…
The vessel on the medial side of the forearm that is formed b…
The study of veins is called
Common iliac vein
Originates from the union of the external iliac vein in the h…
Lesser saphenous vein
The vessel that originates on the lateral side of the foot an…
62 terms
anatomy review
Anterior
Deep
Distal
Lateral
close to the front of the body
Farther from the surface of the body
Farther from the point of attachment
Farther from the midline of the body
Anterior
close to the front of the body
Deep
Farther from the surface of the body
9 terms
Anatomy Review
Table Sugar
Immediate energy source
Protective protein in skin
Found in animal milk
Sucrose
...
...
...
Table Sugar
Sucrose
Immediate energy source
...
anatomy review
Levels of Organization
Body Cavities
Organ Systems
Relative Positions
atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ…
cranial, vertebral, thoracic, abdominopelvic, viscera, pelvic…
skeletal, integumentary, reproductive, urinary, respiratory,…
superior, inferior, anterior, posterior, medial, lateral, pro…
Levels of Organization
atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ…
Body Cavities
cranial, vertebral, thoracic, abdominopelvic, viscera, pelvic…
12 terms
Review anatomy
Anabolism
Biosynthesis
Catabolism
Oxidation
Puts things together and makes them more complex
Building bigger molecules in cell
Breaks down to make ATP
Breaking bonds, destruction of molecule
Anabolism
Puts things together and makes them more complex
Biosynthesis
Building bigger molecules in cell
18 terms
Anatomy Review
Simple Squamous Epithelium:
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium (non-ciliat…
Simple Columnar Epithelium (ciliated):
Lining of body cavities.... Reduces friction.
Lining of ducts and glands.... Protection, secretion, absorption.
Stomach lining.... Protection, secretion, absorption.
Lining of digestive tract and uterus.... Secretion, absorption.
Simple Squamous Epithelium:
Lining of body cavities.... Reduces friction.
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Lining of ducts and glands.... Protection, secretion, absorption.
Anatomy Review
Levels of Organization
Body Cavities
Cranial Cavity
Vertebral canal
Atom ... Molecule ... Macromolecule ... Organelle ... Cell... Tissue ... Organ…
Axial - Head, Neck and Trunk... Appendicular - Upper and Lower L…
Contains brain
Contains spinal cord and sections of the backbone
Levels of Organization
Atom ... Molecule ... Macromolecule ... Organelle ... Cell... Tissue ... Organ…
Body Cavities
Axial - Head, Neck and Trunk... Appendicular - Upper and Lower L…
31 terms
Anatomy review
Skeletal muscle
Sarcomere
A
I
Have multi-nuclei... Fibers are big compared to the typical cells
Contain thick filaments, thin filaments, A bands, I bands, zo…
Thick filAments are dArk and form the __ band
ThIn filaments are light and form the __ band
Skeletal muscle
Have multi-nuclei... Fibers are big compared to the typical cells
Sarcomere
Contain thick filaments, thin filaments, A bands, I bands, zo…
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