Study sets matching "anatomy science chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "anatomy science chapter 3"

52 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
nuclear envelope
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Having the same solute concentration as another solution.
Double membrane barrier surrounds nucleus
hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
hypotonic
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
25 terms
Forensic Science - Chapter 3 and Anatomy
superior
inferior
anterior (ventral)
posterior (dorsal)
towards the top/above
towards the bottom/below
towards the front
towards the back
superior
towards the top/above
inferior
towards the bottom/below
38 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
DNA
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model
"heads" of phospholipid molecules
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
hydrophilic (water loving); lie on both the inner and outer s…
DNA
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
plasma membrane
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
29 terms
Ch 5 vocab
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
Skeletal System
Functions of Bones
spine, bony thorax, skull
limbs, girdles
Joints, cartilages and ligaments
Support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation
axial skeleton
spine, bony thorax, skull
appendicular skeleton
limbs, girdles
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
53 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells
Organelle
Cell
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
Cellular organelle enclosed by a double layered porous membra…
The selectively permeable membrane or outer boundary of a cel…
Organelle
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
Cell
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
587 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
about 200
cell division
cytology
plasma membrane
how many different types of cells are there?
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
the study of cellular structure and ... function
the cell's flexible outer surface
about 200
how many different types of cells are there?
cell division
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
anatomy chapter 3
active transport
cell
cell cycle
cell membrane
one of two transport mechanisms ... moves uphill
is the structure and function unit of all living matter
the sequence that the cell goes through from one mitotic divi…
also called the plasma membrane
active transport
one of two transport mechanisms ... moves uphill
cell
is the structure and function unit of all living matter
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 3
serous membranes
pericardium
peritoneum
pleura
a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of…
the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibr…
the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and cove…
each of a pair of serous membranes lining the thorax and enve…
serous membranes
a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of…
pericardium
the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibr…
92 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
cell
tissues
nucleus
nuclear envelope
building blocks of all living things
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
control center of cell, contains DNA
protects / encloses the fluid nucleoplasm in which other nucl…
cell
building blocks of all living things
tissues
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
29 terms
Science: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
digestive system
respiratory system
excretory system
circulatory system
Organ system that turns food into nutrients that are suitable…
Carries oxygen to the lungs where it is transferred to the bl…
Moves waste materials out of the body.
Uses blood and blood vessels to move oxygen and nutrients to…
digestive system
Organ system that turns food into nutrients that are suitable…
respiratory system
Carries oxygen to the lungs where it is transferred to the bl…
45 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy
Abductor
Adductor
Anabolism
Anatomy
Muscles that separate the fingers
Muscles that draw the fingers together.
The process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones…
The study of the organs and systems of the body.
Abductor
Muscles that separate the fingers
Adductor
Muscles that draw the fingers together.
Anatomy Marieb Chapter 3
DNA
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model
"heads" of phospholipid molecules
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
hydrophilic (water loving); lie on both the inner and outer s…
DNA
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
plasma membrane
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
anatomy - chapter 3
plasma membrane
what is the key role of the plasma mem…
what type of barrier is a plasma membr…
cytoplasm
flexible membrane that separates everything inside the cell f…
communicating between cells and their external environment.
selective barrier that regulates flow of materials.
part of cell that is between the plasma membrane and outside…
plasma membrane
flexible membrane that separates everything inside the cell f…
what is the key role of the plasma mem…
communicating between cells and their external environment.
36 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 3: Cells
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
NUCLEUS
CYTOPLASM
ORGANELLES
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
FILL OUT THE CELLS FLUID AREA
SPECIALIZED STRUCTURES INSIDE THE CELL
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
NUCLEUS
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
Anatomy Vocab - Chapter 3
Active Transport
Apoptosis
Cell Membrane
Centrosome
Process that requires an expenditure of energy to move a subs…
A form of cell death that is actually a normal part of develo…
The selectively permeable outer boundary of a cell consisting…
Cellular organelle consisting of two centrioles
Active Transport
Process that requires an expenditure of energy to move a subs…
Apoptosis
A form of cell death that is actually a normal part of develo…
23 terms
Science - Chapter 3
Distance
Displacement
Motion
Reference Point
How much ground an object covers
Overall change in position
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
Stationed object used for comparison to determine if an objec…
Distance
How much ground an object covers
Displacement
Overall change in position
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Cells
Electrolytes
Generalized cell
Nucleus
Building block of all living things
Metals carrying an electrical charge
Typical structures and functions common to all cells
Control center of the cell
Cells
Building block of all living things
Electrolytes
Metals carrying an electrical charge
13 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
osmosis
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
Diffusion of water across a membrane
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Having the same solute concentration as another solution.
osmosis
Diffusion of water across a membrane
hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
life cycle
metamorphosis
larva
pupa
the changes that happen to an animal during its life
a series of changes in appearance that some organisms go thro…
the stage of complete metamorphosis after an organism hatches…
the stage of complete metamorphosis when an organism is wrapp…
life cycle
the changes that happen to an animal during its life
metamorphosis
a series of changes in appearance that some organisms go thro…
119 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy
interstitial fluid
cells
4 primary elements of cells
calcium
~a dilute saltwater solution bathing all bod cells... all exchan…
~Robert Hooke; smallest unit of all living things; largely pr…
~carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen
~needed for blood clotting
interstitial fluid
~a dilute saltwater solution bathing all bod cells... all exchan…
cells
~Robert Hooke; smallest unit of all living things; largely pr…
109 terms
chapter 3 anatomy
cephalic
umbilical
plantar
genital
head
navel
sole of foot
reproductive organs
cephalic
head
umbilical
navel
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell
Organelle
Hierarchy
Cell model (have to identify 3 major c…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
Atom-molecule-macromolecule-organelle-cell-tissue-organ-organ…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Organelle
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
Chapter 3 science
ecosystem
mimicry
prey
mutualism
all living and nonliving things in an environment
when an organism looks like an unpleasant animal
organisms that are hunted by other organisms
relationship between 2 organisms and both benefit
ecosystem
all living and nonliving things in an environment
mimicry
when an organism looks like an unpleasant animal
6 terms
Science Chapter 3
motion
reference point
force
gravity
a change in the position of an object
a place or object used to determine if an object is in motion
any push or pull
the force that pulls all objects toward each other
motion
a change in the position of an object
reference point
a place or object used to determine if an object is in motion
Science - Chapter 3
classify
stimulus
instinct
vertebrates
to arrange or sort objects or living things according to thei…
something that causes a reaction in a living thing
a behavior that is inherited
animals that have backbones
classify
to arrange or sort objects or living things according to thei…
stimulus
something that causes a reaction in a living thing
46 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
cell theory
outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively permea…
intracellular fluid packed with organelles
an organelle that controls cellular activities
• cell is the structural and functional unit of life... • activi…
plasma membrane
outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively permea…
cytoplasm
intracellular fluid packed with organelles
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Review
Epithelial Membrane
Mocous
Serous
Cutaneous
Three types... Serous and mocous membranes both secrete substances
Lined cavities that open to the outside world... EX. Nose, mouth…
Lined cavities closed to the outside world... Ex. pleura, perica…
Skin... Skin is a dry membrane
Epithelial Membrane
Three types... Serous and mocous membranes both secrete substances
Mocous
Lined cavities that open to the outside world... EX. Nose, mouth…
108 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell theory
the principle of complementary structure
Human cells
Cells that connect body parts, form li…
the basic structural and functional unit of living organisms,…
the biochemical activities of cells are dictated by their sha…
there are over 250 types of cells out of the trillion that re…
epithelial, fibroblasts, erythrocytes
Cell theory
the basic structural and functional unit of living organisms,…
the principle of complementary structure
the biochemical activities of cells are dictated by their sha…
Anatomy Chapter 3
hyoid bone
Thyroid cartilage
Epiglottis
Corniculate Cartilage
not part of the larynx.
Hyaline cartilage
Elastic. Epithelial tissue.
Hyaline Cartilage
hyoid bone
not part of the larynx.
Thyroid cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
40 terms
anatomy chapter 3
fibers
skeletal
smooth
cardiac
muscle cells
(voluntary, striated)... covers bones... 2/3 of all muscles
(involuntary, visceral)... found wrapped around organ walls & bl…
(striated, involuntary)... composes HEART wall, fibers connected…
fibers
muscle cells
skeletal
(voluntary, striated)... covers bones... 2/3 of all muscles
54 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
...
Nucleus
Ribosomes
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Functions of skeletal system
Support
Storage/ electrolyte balance
Blood cell production
1) support... 2) storage/ electrolyte balance... 3) blood cell prod…
bones provide attachments for soft tissues and organs. the ba…
maintain reservoir for calcium and phosphate salts for body f…
hematopoiesis- occurs in the red marrow and results in increa…
Functions of skeletal system
1) support... 2) storage/ electrolyte balance... 3) blood cell prod…
Support
bones provide attachments for soft tissues and organs. the ba…
Anatomy vocab chapter 3
Capillary
Tonsil
Thymus
Spleen
A tiny blood vessel that allows these exchanges between blood…
Small lymphatic organs at the back of the throat and tongue
An organ in the chest
Largest lymphatic organ
Capillary
A tiny blood vessel that allows these exchanges between blood…
Tonsil
Small lymphatic organs at the back of the throat and tongue
111 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleoli
Chromatin
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
Nucleus contains one or more... Sites of ribosome assembly... Ribos…
Composed of DNA and protein... Present when the cell is not divi…
Nucleus
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Nuclear Envelope
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
40 terms
Anatomy chapter 3
Extracellular Fluid
Tonicity
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
all substances found outside the cell... ex: interstitial fluid:…
ability of a solution to change the shape or tone of cells by…
all of the cellular components between the plasma membrane an…
site of cellular respiration (ATP synthesis)
Extracellular Fluid
all substances found outside the cell... ex: interstitial fluid:…
Tonicity
ability of a solution to change the shape or tone of cells by…
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
1. A cell is the basic structural & functional unit of living…
The outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively pe…
Intracellular fluid packed with organelles, small structures…
Organelle that controls cellular activities. ... -Typically lies…
Cell Theory
1. A cell is the basic structural & functional unit of living…
Plasma Membrane
The outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively pe…
59 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
cytosol
organelles
outer membrane of the cell ... selectively permeable
cellular contents between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
the gel-like fluid in the cytoplasm ... 75%-90% water
intracellular structures (specialized) with specific functions
plasma membrane
outer membrane of the cell ... selectively permeable
cytoplasm
cellular contents between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
111 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleoli
Chromatin
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
Nucleus contains one or more... Sites of ribosome assembly... Ribos…
Composed of DNA and protein... Present when the cell is not divi…
Nucleus
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Nuclear Envelope
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
Anatomy Chapter 3
4 components of the cell theory
Generalized Cell
Three main regions of a General Cell
Cellular Membrane 1: tight junction
1. basic unit of function & structure... 2. activities of organi…
All cells have some common structures and functions
1. Nucleus: control center has genes (DNA) & instructions for…
impermeable; leak proof, prevent substances from leaking betw…
4 components of the cell theory
1. basic unit of function & structure... 2. activities of organi…
Generalized Cell
All cells have some common structures and functions
29 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
hyaline cartilage
elastic cartilage
fibrous cartilage
fibrocytes
provides stiff but somewhat flexible support; reduces frictio…
found in auricle of external ear, auditory canal; provides su…
found in pads within knee joins; between pubic bones of pevli…
MAINTAIN connective tissue fibers and matrix (mature) can tur…
hyaline cartilage
provides stiff but somewhat flexible support; reduces frictio…
elastic cartilage
found in auricle of external ear, auditory canal; provides su…
20 terms
Anatomy chapter 3
Second Messenger System
Cytoplasm
Stellate
spheroidal
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Star-shaped; radiating from a center, nerve cells
Sphere shaped/ white blood cells
Second Messenger System
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
44 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 3
histology
epithelial tissue
Epithelial Tissue classified in 2 ways
shape of cell
the study of tissue
covers body and lines body cavities (cells packed closely tog…
arrangement and shape
squamous, cubital, columnar
histology
the study of tissue
epithelial tissue
covers body and lines body cavities (cells packed closely tog…
130 terms
anatomy chapter 3 terms
cells
cell theory
generalized cell
nucleus
Basic units of living organisms
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
All cells have the same basic parts; a nucleus, cytoplasm and…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
cells
Basic units of living organisms
cell theory
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
Anatomy - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Plasma membrane
DNA
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
provides barrier between inside and outside
carries the genetic code
watery environment contains molecules needed for life
factories where proteins are made
Plasma membrane
provides barrier between inside and outside
DNA
carries the genetic code
55 terms
muscle types
muscle fibers
skeletal muscle fibers
striated muscle
voluntary muscle
skeletal and smooth muscle that is elingated
packaged into the organs called skeletal muscles that attach…
(skeletal muscle) fibers appear to be striped
(skeletal muscle) The type of muscle that is subject to consc…
muscle fibers
skeletal and smooth muscle that is elingated
skeletal muscle fibers
packaged into the organs called skeletal muscles that attach…
Science Chapter 3
Carnivore
Food chain
Herbivore
Omnivore
an animal that eats only other animals.
the path of food energy in an ecosystem from plants to animals.
an animal that eats only plants.
an animal that eats both plants and animals.
Carnivore
an animal that eats only other animals.
Food chain
the path of food energy in an ecosystem from plants to animals.
Anatomy and physiology chapter 3
Cell
Plasma membrane
Plasma membrane parts
Cytoplasm
Basic functional unit of all living things.
forms outer boundary of a cell. Separates extracellular fluid…
Contains phospholipids: hydrophilic heads, and hydrophobic ta…
Composed of a gel like fluid called cytosol, surrounding all…
Cell
Basic functional unit of all living things.
Plasma membrane
forms outer boundary of a cell. Separates extracellular fluid…
81 terms
SCIENCE CHAPTER 3
Circulate
Atmosphere
Troposphere
Transportation
Start at one point and return to the same point
It is a mixture of invisible gases that surround the EarthMOs…
The athmospheric layer in which we live. It extends outward 1…
The process by which passengers or goods are moved or deliver…
Circulate
Start at one point and return to the same point
Atmosphere
It is a mixture of invisible gases that surround the EarthMOs…
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