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Study sets matching "anatomy skeletal system chapter 6"

21 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 - Skeletal System
Functions of skeletal system
Functions of cartilage
Articular cartilage
Medullary cavity
Protection, support, movement/leverage, storage of minerals a…
Supporting soft tissue, providing a gliding surface at articu…
Thin layer of hyaline cartilage covering the epiphysis at a j…
Hollow, cylindrical space w/in the diaphysis. In adults it co…
Functions of skeletal system
Protection, support, movement/leverage, storage of minerals a…
Functions of cartilage
Supporting soft tissue, providing a gliding surface at articu…
64 terms
Chapter 6 Anatomy: The Skeletal System
What is Cartilage ?
Perichondrium: Location, function and…
Skeletal cartilages
Hyaline Cartilage
is made up of water, making it very resilient and the ability…
Surrounds skeletal cartilage.... Dense connective tissue girdle.…
contain chondrocytes in lacunae and extracellular matrix
Provides support, flexibility, and resilience ... Collagen fiber…
What is Cartilage ?
is made up of water, making it very resilient and the ability…
Perichondrium: Location, function and…
Surrounds skeletal cartilage.... Dense connective tissue girdle.…
82 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 (Skeletal System)
functions of skeletal system... Protects…
support
locomotion
Bones store minerals and are rich in C…
functions of skeletal system
bones support the body
Bones serve as attachment sites for skeletal muscles-when con…
Bones store ________ and are rich in _____ and ________.
functions of skeletal system... Protects…
functions of skeletal system
support
bones support the body
86 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6: The Skeletal System
latissimus dorsi
triceps brachii
biceps femoris
gluteus maximus
Identify cat muscle #22.
Identify cat muscle #27.
Identify cat muscle #39.
Identify cat muscle #41.
latissimus dorsi
Identify cat muscle #22.
triceps brachii
Identify cat muscle #27.
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Ligament
Cartilage
Collagen
Proteoglycans
Strong band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches to bon…
Flexible connective tissue that covers the joints between bon…
Tough, rope like, protein which adds to bone flexibility
Large molecules made up of a core protein with attached polys…
Ligament
Strong band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches to bon…
Cartilage
Flexible connective tissue that covers the joints between bon…
7 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 The Skeletal System
osteoporosis
osteology
orthopedic
Components of Skeletal System
diseased bone mass, owing to loss of bone mineral, and increa…
study of bones
takes care of bone
1. Bone- support structure... 2. Cartilage- cusions vertebrae... 3.…
osteoporosis
diseased bone mass, owing to loss of bone mineral, and increa…
osteology
study of bones
18 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6: The Skeletal System
structure of bone
matrix
compact bone
osteoblasts
living, 80% compact and 20% spongey
25% water, 25% collagen fibers, 50% crystallized mineral salt…
filled with long cylinders- osteons, hollow center for blood…
make collagen fibers in the bones
structure of bone
living, 80% compact and 20% spongey
matrix
25% water, 25% collagen fibers, 50% crystallized mineral salt…
82 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 The Skeletal System
support, protection, blood cell produc…
long bones
short bones
flat bones
The functions of the skeleton include
Bones that are longer than they are wide are called_
Bones that are cube shaped are called
bones that are plate-like, with broad surfaces are called
support, protection, blood cell produc…
The functions of the skeleton include
long bones
Bones that are longer than they are wide are called_
60 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Parts of the skeletal system
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Functions of the skeleton
bones, joints, cartilages (cover bone for movement) and ligam…
Scull,vetebra, ribs aand sternum
pectorals and pelvic girdle, arms, and legs
Support and protection, transmit muscular forces, produce blo…
Parts of the skeletal system
bones, joints, cartilages (cover bone for movement) and ligam…
Axial Skeleton
Scull,vetebra, ribs aand sternum
91 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 6- Skeletal System
abduction
adduction
amphiarthroses
appendicular skeleton
movement away from midline or axis of body; opposite of adduc…
movement of part of body or limb toward the midline of body;…
partially moveable joint; e.g., symphyis pubis
part of skeleton consisting of pectoral and pelvic girdles, a…
abduction
movement away from midline or axis of body; opposite of adduc…
adduction
movement of part of body or limb toward the midline of body;…
34 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Functions of Skeletal System
Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Support, Storage, Blood Cell Production, Protection, leverage…
Longer than they are wide ... EX. Humerus, femur
Roughly equal in length... EX. carpals, tarsals
Thin and broad... EX. Ribs
Functions of Skeletal System
Support, Storage, Blood Cell Production, Protection, leverage…
Long bones
Longer than they are wide ... EX. Humerus, femur
62 terms
anatomy chapter 6 skeletal system
skeletal system
functions of skeletal system
Long Bone (bone classification)
short bone (bone classification)
bones, cartilage, ligaments, and other connective tissue that…
supports the body, facilitates movement, protects internal or…
longer than wide; functions as a lever
cube shaped
skeletal system
bones, cartilage, ligaments, and other connective tissue that…
functions of skeletal system
supports the body, facilitates movement, protects internal or…
50 terms
anatomy chapter 6 skeletal system
functions of the skeletal system
proteoglycans
collagen
bone minerals
support, protect, move, lipid storage, mineral storage, blood…
protein + sugars, holds water
a fiber that gives bone tensile strength, reducing brittleness
gives the bone weight bearing strength
functions of the skeletal system
support, protect, move, lipid storage, mineral storage, blood…
proteoglycans
protein + sugars, holds water
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Skeletal system
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Metaphysis
Epiphyseal plate
shaft of a long bone
End of a long bone
Is the region between diaphysis and epiphysis
In growing bone, each metaphysis contains a epiphyseal plate,…
Diaphysis
shaft of a long bone
Epiphysis
End of a long bone
105 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Acetabulum
Appendicular Skeleton
Articular Cartilage
Articulation
The deep socket in the hip bone that articulates with the hea…
The portion of the skeleton that consists of the shoulder and…
The cartilage on the joint surfaces of a bone; provides a smo…
A joint
Acetabulum
The deep socket in the hip bone that articulates with the hea…
Appendicular Skeleton
The portion of the skeleton that consists of the shoulder and…
28 terms
Anatomy chapter 6 skeletal system
what are the 4 components of the skele…
what are the two types of bone?
what are the three types of cartilage?
what type of tissue makes up tendons a…
bone, cartilage, tendons, ligament
spongy and compact
hyaline, fibrocartilage, elastic
dense regular collagenous connective tissue
what are the 4 components of the skele…
bone, cartilage, tendons, ligament
what are the two types of bone?
spongy and compact
32 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6: Skeletal System
What are the five functions of the ske…
What are the four components of the sk…
How do skeletal muscles attach to bones?
What holds bones together?
support, protection, movement, storage and blood cell product…
bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments
tendons
ligaments
What are the five functions of the ske…
support, protection, movement, storage and blood cell product…
What are the four components of the sk…
bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments
21 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 6 (Skeletal System)
Calcaneus
Femur
Metacarpals
Pubis, Ilium, Ischium
"heel bone"
the head of this bone articulates with the acetabulum
bones that form the palm of the hand
three bones that fuse to form the coxal bone
Calcaneus
"heel bone"
Femur
the head of this bone articulates with the acetabulum
102 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System (Chapter 6)
Skeleton
Skeletal System
Bone Markings
Long Bones
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
Surface features of bones that can determine the size, age, s…
Long and slender bones. They have three parts the epiphysis (…
Skeleton
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Skeletal System
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
169 terms
Mader's understanding human anatomy and physiology Skeletal System chapter 6
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
Periosteum
Diaphysis
5 Function of skeletal system
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
-Bone is "wrapped" in a tough fibrous connective tissue cover…
-is shaft of a Long Bone... -not solid, &has a Medullary Cavity
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
5 Function of skeletal system
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
16 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System Anatomy
Spine
Tubercle
Crest
Tuberosity
Sharp, slender process
Small rounded projection
Narrow ridge of bone usually prominent
Large rounded projection
Spine
Sharp, slender process
Tubercle
Small rounded projection
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Main functions of the skeleton
-----Articulating surfaces-----... Condyle
Epicondyle
Head
1. Supports the body... 2. Protects soft body parts... 3. Produces…
Rounded knob of bone
Smaller knob above condyle
Large knob of bone that creates a joint prximally
Main functions of the skeleton
1. Supports the body... 2. Protects soft body parts... 3. Produces…
-----Articulating surfaces-----... Condyle
Rounded knob of bone
22 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Osseous tissue
Diaphysis
Compact bone
Long bones
Aka Bone. A supporting connective tissue that contains specia…
The central shaft in a long bone that surrounds the marrow ca…
The hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membran…
Very strong, broad at the ends, and large surfaces for muscle…
Osseous tissue
Aka Bone. A supporting connective tissue that contains specia…
Diaphysis
The central shaft in a long bone that surrounds the marrow ca…
59 terms
Anatomy chapter 6: the skeletal system
The skeletal system provides
Protection
Movement
Storage
Support, protection, movement, store and hemopoiesis
Protects the body core (heart, brain, lungs)
Muscles attach for movement
Calcium and phosphate
The skeletal system provides
Support, protection, movement, store and hemopoiesis
Protection
Protects the body core (heart, brain, lungs)
29 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Functions
Bone tissue
2/3 of bone weight
1/3 of bone weight
Structural Support... Storage of minerals... Blood cell production…
Osseous tissue
Calcium phosphate
Callogen fibers
Functions
Structural Support... Storage of minerals... Blood cell production…
Bone tissue
Osseous tissue
34 terms
anatomy- Skeletal System Chapter 6
Osteoblasts (cells)
Osteoclasts (cells)
Osteoprogenitor (cells)
Osteocytes (cells)
Responsible for osteogenesis- create bone tissue ... - mature in…
(Kinda-for-the- opposite of osteoblasts) ... -derived from embry…
Also called osteogenic cells ... - derived from stem cells ... - ca…
The mature bone cells found within the matrix of the bone tis…
Osteoblasts (cells)
Responsible for osteogenesis- create bone tissue ... - mature in…
Osteoclasts (cells)
(Kinda-for-the- opposite of osteoblasts) ... -derived from embry…
14 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Functions of bones (5)
Bone Types (5)
Long Bone
Short Bone
1. support ... 2. protection... 3. leverage... 4. mineral storage ... 5.…
1. long ... 2. short... 3. flat ... 4. irregular ... 5. sesamoid
-type of bone... -longer than it is wide
-type of bone... -cube shaped ... (ex. carpals)
Functions of bones (5)
1. support ... 2. protection... 3. leverage... 4. mineral storage ... 5.…
Bone Types (5)
1. long ... 2. short... 3. flat ... 4. irregular ... 5. sesamoid
138 terms
The Skeletal System-- Anatomy-- Chapter 6
Some bones contain and protect the ___…
Bones are a storage site for excess __…
The skeleton is a frame work that ____…
Attached to the skeleton and the _____…
Red Bone Marrow
Calcium
Supports
Muscles
Some bones contain and protect the ___…
Red Bone Marrow
Bones are a storage site for excess __…
Calcium
16 terms
Anatomy chapter 6: Skeletal System
Bone Tissue
Osteocytes
Osteoclasts
Osteoblasts
Nearly as strong as cast iron but 1/3 of the weight
Mature cells
Break down
Bone forming
Bone Tissue
Nearly as strong as cast iron but 1/3 of the weight
Osteocytes
Mature cells
Anatomy Chapter 6 skeletal system
Skeletal system includes
5 functions of the skeletal system
Calcium Phospahte
long bones
bones, cartilage, joints, ligaments, and other connective tis…
support... storage-of minerals (calcium) + lipids (yellow marrow…
Ca3(PO4)2
longer than they are wide (humerus, femur)
Skeletal system includes
bones, cartilage, joints, ligaments, and other connective tis…
5 functions of the skeletal system
support... storage-of minerals (calcium) + lipids (yellow marrow…
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Calcium and phosphate
Lipids
RBC, WBC
Bone
One of the main functions of the skeletal system is to store…
Yellow bone marrow is composed of _______, which serve as sto…
What two types of cells are made in red bone marrow?
The english translation of the medical terms oste/o- and osse…
Calcium and phosphate
One of the main functions of the skeletal system is to store…
Lipids
Yellow bone marrow is composed of _______, which serve as sto…
75 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 : Skeletal System
epi-
endo-
peri-
osteo-
outside
inside
around
bone
epi-
outside
endo-
inside
50 terms
anatomy chapter 6 skeletal system
functions of the skeletal system
proteoglycans
collagen
bone minerals
support, protect, move, lipid storage, mineral storage, blood…
protein + sugars, holds water
a fiber that gives bone tensile strength, reducing brittleness
gives the bone weight bearing strength
functions of the skeletal system
support, protect, move, lipid storage, mineral storage, blood…
proteoglycans
protein + sugars, holds water
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6, Skeletal System
Bone
articulation
Functions of Skeletal System
Storage ( as a function of Skeletal Sy…
highly specialized connective tissue whose matrix is hard and…
joint
1) Support... 2)Protection... 3)Movement... 4)Storage... 5)Hematopoiesis
maintains homeostasis of calcium
Bone
highly specialized connective tissue whose matrix is hard and…
articulation
joint
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Ligament
Cartilage
Collagen
Proteoglycans
Strong band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches to bon…
Flexible connective tissue that covers the joints between bon…
Tough, rope like, protein which adds to bone flexibility
Large molecules made up of a core protein with attached polys…
Ligament
Strong band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches to bon…
Cartilage
Flexible connective tissue that covers the joints between bon…
32 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 The Skeletal System
these are all hinge joints found betwe…
These movements will move the right up…
this statement about a shoulder discol…
this ligament can be torn when the kne…
atlas and axis (synovial)
shoulder flexion/elbow flexion & shoulder abduction/elbow fle…
most common dislocated joint, usually inferior to axilla,
ACL
these are all hinge joints found betwe…
atlas and axis (synovial)
These movements will move the right up…
shoulder flexion/elbow flexion & shoulder abduction/elbow fle…
70 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Osteoblasts
Osteoclasts
an expanded portion at the end of a long bone that articulate…
long shaft of the bone between the epiphyses
bones building cells
break and cartilage destroying cells that aid in growth and r…
Epiphysis
an expanded portion at the end of a long bone that articulate…
Diaphysis
long shaft of the bone between the epiphyses
68 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Skeletal System
Bones
Functions of Bone
Supportive Framework
Composed of bone, cartilage, ligaments, capsules
The organs of the skeletal system; dynamic, living tissues; 2…
6 main functions
Soft tissues; organs
Skeletal System
Composed of bone, cartilage, ligaments, capsules
Bones
The organs of the skeletal system; dynamic, living tissues; 2…
34 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Functions of Skeletal System
Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Support, Storage, Blood Cell Production, Protection, leverage…
Longer than they are wide ... EX. Humerus, femur
Roughly equal in length... EX. carpals, tarsals
Thin and broad... EX. Ribs
Functions of Skeletal System
Support, Storage, Blood Cell Production, Protection, leverage…
Long bones
Longer than they are wide ... EX. Humerus, femur
153 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 - Skeletal System
Bone, cartilage, dense connective, epi…
Osteology
Red bone marrow
Developing blood cells, adipocytes, fi…
Tissues of the bone
Study of bone structure and the treatment of bone disorders.
Connective tissue that produces red blood cells, white blood…
Red bone marrow consists of:
Bone, cartilage, dense connective, epi…
Tissues of the bone
Osteology
Study of bone structure and the treatment of bone disorders.
140 terms
ANATOMY: Chapter 6 - Skeletal System
Skeletal cartilage
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
hyaline
elastic
mostly H2O (resilient)... no blood vessels, nerves... perichondrium…
3 types of skeletal cartilage
Skeletal cartilage: embryonic, nasal, costal, articular, resp…
Skeletal cartilage: ear, epiglottis
Skeletal cartilage
mostly H2O (resilient)... no blood vessels, nerves... perichondrium…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
3 types of skeletal cartilage
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Osteology
Long Bones
Short Bones
Flat Bones
The study of bone structure and treatment
Curved bones with great length and strength with variable num…
Cubed the bones nearly of equal length and width mostly in th…
Thin bones that provide protection and offer extensive space…
Osteology
The study of bone structure and treatment
Long Bones
Curved bones with great length and strength with variable num…
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6: Skeletal System
5 primary functions of skeletal system
sutural bones
irregular bones
short bones
-support... -storage of minerals and lipids... -blood cell producti…
small, flat, oddly shaped bones found between the flat bones…
have complex shapes
boxlike in appearance... ex: carpal bones
5 primary functions of skeletal system
-support... -storage of minerals and lipids... -blood cell producti…
sutural bones
small, flat, oddly shaped bones found between the flat bones…
104 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Skeletal System 5 primary functions?
Bone (osseous tissue)?
What accounts for almost 2-3rds the we…
Humans have ____ number of bones.
Support, Storage (calcium), Blood cell production (blood cell…
A supporting connective tissue that contains specialized cell…
Calcium Phosphate. Collagen Fibers.
206
Skeletal System 5 primary functions?
Support, Storage (calcium), Blood cell production (blood cell…
Bone (osseous tissue)?
A supporting connective tissue that contains specialized cell…
19 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 6 (Skeletal System II)
sella turcica
entrance to optic canal
anterior clinoid process
superior orbital fissure
sella turcica
entrance to optic canal
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6: Skeletal System
5 Functions of the skeletal system
Bone Shapes
Long bone
Flat bone
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Leverage... 4. Storage... 5. Blood cell…
1. Long... 2. Flat... 3. Sutural... 4. Short... 5. Sesamoid
Femur
Shoulder blade
5 Functions of the skeletal system
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Leverage... 4. Storage... 5. Blood cell…
Bone Shapes
1. Long... 2. Flat... 3. Sutural... 4. Short... 5. Sesamoid
40 terms
LZHS H Anatomy Ch 6 Skeletal System: Skull Diagrams
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Occipital Bone
Temporal Bone
forehead bone
Two bones between the frontal and occipital; on the side and…
the bone found at the back and base of the skull
bone near the ear; connected to the lower jaw
Frontal Bone
forehead bone
Parietal Bone
Two bones between the frontal and occipital; on the side and…
21 terms
Anatomy chapter 6; skeletal system
What are the functions of the skeletal…
What do bones store?
What does the compact bone do?
Solid, dense bone.
Protection, leverage, blood cell production, support, storage
Calcium salts, minerals, calcium phosphate
Support and provides for structure
Compact
What are the functions of the skeletal…
Protection, leverage, blood cell production, support, storage
What do bones store?
Calcium salts, minerals, calcium phosphate
20 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 6 - The Skeletal System: Joints
Articulations
What are the functions of an articulat…
What are the three functional classifi…
Synarthrosis
Joints
To gives the body mobility and to hold bones together securely
Synarthroses, amphiarthroses, and diarthroses
Immoveable joint (e.g. sutures)
Articulations
Joints
What are the functions of an articulat…
To gives the body mobility and to hold bones together securely
46 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6: Skeletal System
What is a function of the skeletal sys…
Which of the following groups of bones…
Blood cell formation is called:
Which of the following is NOT true o…
Support, hemopoietic site, storage, provides levers for muscl…
d. COXAL BONES
hematopoiesis
d. producing red blood cells = FALSE
What is a function of the skeletal sys…
Support, hemopoietic site, storage, provides levers for muscl…
Which of the following groups of bones…
d. COXAL BONES
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