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Study sets matching "anatomy skeletal tissues"

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Study sets matching "anatomy skeletal tissues"

45 terms
Anatomy & physiology : Skeletal Tissues
Function of bones
Picture
Types of bones
Picture
Support—bones form the framework of the body and contribute t…
There are five major types of bones... •Long bones—cylindrical... •…
Function of bones
Support—bones form the framework of the body and contribute t…
Picture
28 terms
Anatomy: skeletal tissues
function of skeletal system
bone tissue
types of cartilage tissue
Structure of cartilage tissue
support... protection... movement... blood cell production... mineral res…
dense tissue with very little fluid... resists compression and t…
hyaline... elastic... fibrocartilage
avascular... matrix contains a lot of water... contains chondrocyte…
function of skeletal system
support... protection... movement... blood cell production... mineral res…
bone tissue
dense tissue with very little fluid... resists compression and t…
110 terms
Bones and Skeletal Tissue Anatomy
hyaline cartilage
articular cartilage
costal cartilage
laryngeal cartilage
cartilage for flexibility and resilience
covers ends of bones at joints
connects the ribs- cartilage
skeletal of the larynx- cartilage
hyaline cartilage
cartilage for flexibility and resilience
articular cartilage
covers ends of bones at joints
148 terms
Anatomy- Bones & Skeletal Tissues
What are three types of skeletal carti…
What type of cartilage contains no blo…
What type of cartilage is surrounded b…
What cartilage is the most abundant in…
•Hyaline... •Elastic... •Fibrocartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
What are three types of skeletal carti…
•Hyaline... •Elastic... •Fibrocartilage
What type of cartilage contains no blo…
Skeletal cartilage
110 terms
Bones and Skeletal Tissue Anatomy
hyaline cartilage
articular cartilage
costal cartilage
laryngeal cartilage
cartilage for flexibility and resilience
covers ends of bones at joints
connects the ribs- cartilage
skeletal of the larynx- cartilage
hyaline cartilage
cartilage for flexibility and resilience
articular cartilage
covers ends of bones at joints
27 terms
ANATOMY BONES & SKELETAL TISSUES
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Long Bones
Short Bones
Bones of the skull, vertebral column and rib cage
Bones of the upper and lower limbs, shoulder and hip
Longer than they are wide (Humerus)
Cube-Shaped bones of the wrist and ankle. bones that form wit…
Axial Skeleton
Bones of the skull, vertebral column and rib cage
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the upper and lower limbs, shoulder and hip
24 terms
Anatomy - Skeletal Tissues
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Red marrow
Yellow marrow cavity
Site of spongy bone in the adult
Site of compact bone in the adult, scientific name for home s…
Site of hematopoiesis in the adult
Site of fat storage in the adult
Epiphysis
Site of spongy bone in the adult
Diaphysis
Site of compact bone in the adult, scientific name for home s…
57 terms
Anatomy: Bones and Skeletal Tissues
avascular
chondrocytes
properties of skeletal cartilages
perichondrium
no blood vessels
cartilage cells
avascular, consists primarily of water, resilient, surrounded…
a layer of dense, irregular connective tissue that surrounds…
avascular
no blood vessels
chondrocytes
cartilage cells
16 terms
Anatomy - Bones and Skeletal Tissues
Location and Basic Structure (Cartilage)
Cartilage
Bones
Functions of Bones
Found throughout the adult body ; ear and nose, Articular car…
Is abundant in embryo ; is surrounded by perichondrium - memb…
Organs that contain several types of tissues ; dominated by b…
Support (provides hard framework)... Movement (skeletal muscles…
Location and Basic Structure (Cartilage)
Found throughout the adult body ; ear and nose, Articular car…
Cartilage
Is abundant in embryo ; is surrounded by perichondrium - memb…
59 terms
Anatomy (Bones and Skeletal Tissue)
Articular cartilage
where is cartilage located?
Costal Cartilage
Types of cartilage
ends of most bones at movable joints
external ear... nose... ends of most movable joints(articular carti…
connecting the ribs to the sternum
Hyaline, Elastic, Fibrocartilage
Articular cartilage
ends of most bones at movable joints
where is cartilage located?
external ear... nose... ends of most movable joints(articular carti…
89 terms
Anatomy and Physiology bones and skeletal tissues
3 types of cartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Perichondrium
Hyaline cartilage
1. Hyaline... 2. Elastic... 3. Fibrocartilage
1. Contains no blood vessels or nerves.... 2. Surrounded by the…
Dense irregular connective tissue membrane covering cartilage.
1. Provides support, flexibility and resilience.... 2. It is the…
3 types of cartilage
1. Hyaline... 2. Elastic... 3. Fibrocartilage
Skeletal cartilage
1. Contains no blood vessels or nerves.... 2. Surrounded by the…
21 terms
Muscles: Anatomy of Skeletal tissue
The Musculoskeletal System contains
Action of Muscles fibres
Action of Blood Vessels
Action of Nerve fibres
Muscles Fibres... Blood Vessels... Nerve Fibres... Connective Tissue
contain myofibrils that have the ability contract and conduct
there are many blood vessels therefore there is efficient del…
transmits neural impulses that direct muscle activity
The Musculoskeletal System contains
Muscles Fibres... Blood Vessels... Nerve Fibres... Connective Tissue
Action of Muscles fibres
contain myofibrils that have the ability contract and conduct
67 terms
Anatomy Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Muscle
Properties of muscle tissue
Contractility
Excitability
latin word "little mouse"; primary tissue in the heart (cardi…
contractility; excitability; extensibility; elasticity
myofilaments are responsible for shortening of muscle cells;…
nerve signals excite muscle cells, causing electrical impulse…
Muscle
latin word "little mouse"; primary tissue in the heart (cardi…
Properties of muscle tissue
contractility; excitability; extensibility; elasticity
9 terms
Anatomy- Skeletal tissues
3 types of cartilage
Cartilage cells
Chondroblasts
Chondrocytes
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
chondrocytes, chondroblasts,
immature cells that secrete the matrix of the cartilage aroun…
mature cell; located in the lacunae
3 types of cartilage
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
Cartilage cells
chondrocytes, chondroblasts,
32 terms
Anatomy- Skeletal Muscle tissue
epimysium
perimysium
endomysium
muscle fascicle
collagen fiber that surrounds the entire muscle, separates th…
fibrous layer that divides the skeletal muscle into a series…
thin layer of areolar connective tissue that surrounds each m…
bundle of muscle fibers, separated by fibrous perimysium layer
epimysium
collagen fiber that surrounds the entire muscle, separates th…
perimysium
fibrous layer that divides the skeletal muscle into a series…
Anatomy of skeletal Muscle Tissue
Superficial Fascia
Deep Fascia
Epimysium
Perimysium
"Above the muscle" composed of areolar connective tissue, adi…
Directly related to muscle tissue. If muscle tissue is not pr…
Outer layer encircling the entire muscle. Consists of dense i…
extension of epimysium, surrounding bundles of indivisual mus…
Superficial Fascia
"Above the muscle" composed of areolar connective tissue, adi…
Deep Fascia
Directly related to muscle tissue. If muscle tissue is not pr…
24 terms
Anatomy:Skeletal Tissues
diaphysis
epiphysis
articular cartilage
periosteum
main shaft of the bone
the ends of the bone that contain the most spongey bone
cushion, protect and shock absorb, made of hyaline cartilage
living membrane that surrounds the bone
diaphysis
main shaft of the bone
epiphysis
the ends of the bone that contain the most spongey bone
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Bones and Skeletal Tissues
5 Functions of Bones
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
nutrient foramen
1. Protection-protects the organs... 2. Support: framework of th…
-shaft of the long bone[infants have red marrow in the medull…
-ends of long bone... -epiphyseal plate(growth plate made of car…
in the epiphysis, it's the site of blood entry into the bone
5 Functions of Bones
1. Protection-protects the organs... 2. Support: framework of th…
Diaphysis
-shaft of the long bone[infants have red marrow in the medull…
117 terms
anatomy- bones and skeletal tissues
skeletal cartilage
cartilage
Perichondrium
perichondrium
made of cartilage tissue molded to fit its body location and…
consists primarily of water, which allows it to spring back t…
dense irregular connective tissue that surrounds the cartilage
acts like a girdle to resist outward expansion when the carti…
skeletal cartilage
made of cartilage tissue molded to fit its body location and…
cartilage
consists primarily of water, which allows it to spring back t…
82 terms
Anatomy: Bone and Skeletal Tissues
projections
tuberosity
crest
trochanter
sites of muscle tendon and ligament attachment ... (tuberosity,…
rounded projection
narrow, prominent ridge of bone
large, blunt, irregular surface
projections
sites of muscle tendon and ligament attachment ... (tuberosity,…
tuberosity
rounded projection
70 terms
Anatomy, Tissue, Skeletal, Skin
Tissue
Four types of Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Groups of cell that bind together to perform a certain function
Epithelial ... Connective ... Muscle ... Nervous
Protection(Cuts), absorption(Digestion), secretion, excretion…
Bind, support, protect, fill spaces, store fat, produce blood…
Tissue
Groups of cell that bind together to perform a certain function
Four types of Tissue
Epithelial ... Connective ... Muscle ... Nervous
43 terms
Anatomy: Bones and Skeletal Tissues
Ossification
When does bone formation begin?
Two types of ossification
Which cartilage does endochondral use?
Bone tissue formation
2 months
Intramembranous and endochondral
Hyaline
Ossification
Bone tissue formation
When does bone formation begin?
2 months
59 terms
Anatomy: Bones and Skeletal Tissues
avascular
chondrocytes
properties of skeletal cartilages
perichondrium
no blood vessels/blood supply (=slow healing)
cartilage cells
avascular, consists primarily of water (resilient), no nerves
a layer of dense, irregular connective tissue that surrounds…
avascular
no blood vessels/blood supply (=slow healing)
chondrocytes
cartilage cells
89 terms
Anatomy and Physiology bones and skeletal tissues
3 types of cartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Perichondrium
Hyaline cartilage
1. Hyaline... 2. Elastic... 3. Fibrocartilage
1. Contains no blood vessels or nerves.... 2. Surrounded by the…
Dense irregular connective tissue membrane covering cartilage.
1. Provides support, flexibility and resilience.... 2. It is the…
3 types of cartilage
1. Hyaline... 2. Elastic... 3. Fibrocartilage
Skeletal cartilage
1. Contains no blood vessels or nerves.... 2. Surrounded by the…
7 terms
Skeletal Muscle Tissue Anatomy
Muscle consists of:
Myofibers lie:
Each myofiber is enveloped by:
Skeletal muscle fibers are:
1000s of elongated, cylindracal cells called muscle fibers or…
Parallel to each other
A plasma membrane (sarcolemma). It surrounds a quantity of cy…
Multinucleate
Muscle consists of:
1000s of elongated, cylindracal cells called muscle fibers or…
Myofibers lie:
Parallel to each other
27 terms
anatomy- bone tissue/skeletal
support, protection, movement, mineral…
support
protection
movement
the functions of bones
it gives you a frame work of your body; it's why you are shap…
every one of major organs are surrounded by bones
physical movement you can see
support, protection, movement, mineral…
the functions of bones
support
it gives you a frame work of your body; it's why you are shap…
32 terms
skeletal tissue (anatomy)
hyaline cartilage
elastic cartilage
fibrocartilage
appositional
most abundant: articular, costal, laryngeal, tracheal, bronch…
more elastic fibers, ears and epiglottis
-compressible with tensile strength... -alternating parallel row…
cartilage forming cells embedded in perichondrium layer
hyaline cartilage
most abundant: articular, costal, laryngeal, tracheal, bronch…
elastic cartilage
more elastic fibers, ears and epiglottis
18 terms
Anatomy Bones and Skeletal Tissues
Three cartilages
Skeletal cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Skeletal, Hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
Made of some variety of cartilage tissue, which mainly consis…
Provides support, flexibility, and resilience. Most abundant…
Contain stretchy elastic fibers and are easily bendable. Foun…
Three cartilages
Skeletal, Hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Made of some variety of cartilage tissue, which mainly consis…
35 terms
bones and skeletal tissue - anatomy
3 types of cartilage
what is the most abundant cartilage
hyaline cartilage does what
which cartilage contains many elastic…
hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage
hyaline cartilage
provides support through flexibility and resilience
elastic cartilage
3 types of cartilage
hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage
what is the most abundant cartilage
hyaline cartilage
40 terms
Anatomy: Bones and Skeletal Tissue
Chondroblasts
Chondrocytes
3 Types of Cartilage
Elastic fibers
secrete matrix
maintain matrix
Hyaline, Elastic, Fibrocartilage
Ears
Chondroblasts
secrete matrix
Chondrocytes
maintain matrix
33 terms
Anatomy- Bone and Skeletal Tissue
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Functions of Bones
Provides support, flexibility and resilience... Collagen Fibers…
Similar to hyaline cartilage but contains elastic fibers... Exte…
Thick collagen fibers- has great tensile strength... Menisci of…
Support, Protection, movement, mineral and growth factor stor…
Hyaline Cartilage
Provides support, flexibility and resilience... Collagen Fibers…
Elastic Cartilage
Similar to hyaline cartilage but contains elastic fibers... Exte…
112 terms
anatomy - bones and skeletal tissue
where is cartilage found in adult body?
cartilage is primarily _
articular cartilage?
costal cartilage
• Ear and nose... • Articular cartilages and costal cartilage... •…
water
found at articulations (joint)
ribs (off bones)
where is cartilage found in adult body?
• Ear and nose... • Articular cartilages and costal cartilage... •…
cartilage is primarily _
water
27 terms
Anatomy of the bones and skeletal tissue
Perichondrium
Articular cartilage
Costal cartilage
Articular discs
A Double layered connective tissue sheath surrounding cartilage
Hyaline cartilage covering the ends of bones within a synovia…
segments of hyaline cartilage that connect the sternum to the…
a plate or ring of fibrocartilage attached to the joint capsu…
Perichondrium
A Double layered connective tissue sheath surrounding cartilage
Articular cartilage
Hyaline cartilage covering the ends of bones within a synovia…
Anatomy Exam 2 - Skeletal Tissues
cartilage
bone
4 basic types of tissue
hyaline cartilage
firm skeletal tissue that resists compression and tension, bu…
firm skeletal tissue that resists compression and tension, mo…
connective, muscle, epithelial, nervous
composed of collagen and provides flexible support to many bo…
cartilage
firm skeletal tissue that resists compression and tension, bu…
bone
firm skeletal tissue that resists compression and tension, mo…
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal Tissue
What are the functions of the skeletal…
Chondroblasts
Chondrocytes
Perichondrium
support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell production
form matrix of cartilage
surrounded by matrix, located in lacunae
covers cartilage except in articulations
What are the functions of the skeletal…
support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell production
Chondroblasts
form matrix of cartilage
151 terms
Human Anatomy- Chapter 10- Skeletal Muscle Tissues
Muscle means
Muscle tissue has the following functi…
1. movement
2. maintenance of posture
"little Mouse"
1. movement... 2. maintenance of posture... 3. joint stabilization…
skeletal muscle attaches to the skeleton and moves the body b…
certain skeletal muscles contract continuously to maintain po…
Muscle means
"little Mouse"
Muscle tissue has the following functi…
1. movement... 2. maintenance of posture... 3. joint stabilization…
81 terms
Anatomy Bones and Skeletal Tissue
Where can you find cartilage throughou…
What is the perichondrium?
What is the cartilage cell type?
Where are chondrocytes located?
in external ear & nose; articular cartilages & costal cartila…
surronds cartilages; resists outward pressure; functions in g…
chondrocytes
within lacunae
Where can you find cartilage throughou…
in external ear & nose; articular cartilages & costal cartila…
What is the perichondrium?
surronds cartilages; resists outward pressure; functions in g…
58 terms
Anatomy Skeletal Tissue
Cartilage
Cyte vs Blast
Glycosaminoglycans
Lacunae
Collagen, elastin, reticular fibres, ground substance, cells…
Cyte- Inactive form... Blast- Cells actively forming matrix
Special molecules in ground substance that can resist compres…
In H&E Cells shrink more than the matrix. Cells appear to liv…
Cartilage
Collagen, elastin, reticular fibres, ground substance, cells…
Cyte vs Blast
Cyte- Inactive form... Blast- Cells actively forming matrix
63 terms
Skeletal Tissue: Anatomy
What is the Diaphysis?
What is the Epiphysis?
What is the Articulate cartilage?
What is the Periosteum?
Long central shaft of the bone
The extreme ends of the bone
A thin layer of hyaline cartilage on the outer surface of the…
Sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers the outer surf…
What is the Diaphysis?
Long central shaft of the bone
What is the Epiphysis?
The extreme ends of the bone
89 terms
Anatomy: Skeletal Muscle Tissue
skeletal muscle tissue functions
movement
maintenance of posture
joint stabilization
movement, maintenance of posture, joint stabilization, and he…
attach to skeleton and move the bones; locomotion and body co…
antigravity muscles; certain muscles contract continuously to…
low level of maintained muscle contraction (muscle tone) keep…
skeletal muscle tissue functions
movement, maintenance of posture, joint stabilization, and he…
movement
attach to skeleton and move the bones; locomotion and body co…
76 terms
Anatomy Skeletal Tissue
Dense
Bone
Support
Protection
regular connective tissue
every bone is an organ
Structural framework (holds body weight)
Protects soft tissue/organs
Dense
regular connective tissue
Bone
every bone is an organ
9 terms
Anatomy Skeletal tissue Vocab
bone matrix
irregular bone
periosteum
flat bone
extracellular matrix of a bone
bones clustered in groups, various shapes and sizes; vertebrae
connective tissue covering the bone
bone that is broad and thin, often a curved surface; skull
bone matrix
extracellular matrix of a bone
irregular bone
bones clustered in groups, various shapes and sizes; vertebrae
18 terms
Skeletal Muscle Tissue Anatomy
Tonus
Fascia
Fasicles
Epimysium
partially contracted state that skeletal muscle tissue is usu…
fibrous tissue covering muscles or groups of muscles
groups of fibers
encases the entire muscle
Tonus
partially contracted state that skeletal muscle tissue is usu…
Fascia
fibrous tissue covering muscles or groups of muscles
17 terms
Anatomy - Skeletal Tissue
The skeleton is primarily what types o…
Cartilage
perichondrium
cartilage cells
Cartilage and bone
1. Primarily water... 2. Non-vascular (no blood supply)... 3. No ne…
dense connective tissue surrounding cartilage
chondrocytes... *they secrete extracellular matrix
The skeleton is primarily what types o…
Cartilage and bone
Cartilage
1. Primarily water... 2. Non-vascular (no blood supply)... 3. No ne…
22 terms
Anatomy:skeletal muscle tissue
Elongated
Branching
Spindle-shaped
Name of the structure that attaches sk…
Skeletal muscle cells
Cardiac muscle cells
Smooth muscle cells
Tendon
Elongated
Skeletal muscle cells
Branching
Cardiac muscle cells
108 terms
Anatomy Skeletal Tissue
What are the 5 types of bones ?
what are the functions of the bones?
Diaphysis is a main shaft of a long bo…
Made up of cancellous bone filled with…
1) Long Bones, 2) short Bones, 3) Flat Bones, 4) sesamoid, 5)…
1) support 2) protection, 3) mineral storage, 4) Hematopoiesi…
Cylindrical shape ... Support
Epiphyses
What are the 5 types of bones ?
1) Long Bones, 2) short Bones, 3) Flat Bones, 4) sesamoid, 5)…
what are the functions of the bones?
1) support 2) protection, 3) mineral storage, 4) Hematopoiesi…
55 terms
Anatomy 6- Skeletal Tissue
functions of bones
diaphysis
epiphyses
mataphyses
support protection assistance in movement mineral homeostasis…
bone's shaft
proximal and distal ends of bones
regions between diaphysis and epiphyses
functions of bones
support protection assistance in movement mineral homeostasis…
diaphysis
bone's shaft
26 terms
Clinical Anatomy- Skeletal Tissue
bone functions
bone matrix makeup
osteocytes
osteoblasts
support for all soft tissues, bone marrow (blood cells), levers
30-50% organic matter (collagen fibers mucopolysaccharides)... 5…
mature bone cells
bone building cells
bone functions
support for all soft tissues, bone marrow (blood cells), levers
bone matrix makeup
30-50% organic matter (collagen fibers mucopolysaccharides)... 5…
24 terms
Anatomy (Bones and Skeletal Tissue)
Perichondrium
Lacunae
Appositional growth
Interstitial growth
Layer of dense CT surrounding cartilage like a girdle. Helps…
Small cavities that hold chondrocytes and extracellular matrix
New matrix is laid down on surface of cartilage
New matrix made within cartilage. Calcification.
Perichondrium
Layer of dense CT surrounding cartilage like a girdle. Helps…
Lacunae
Small cavities that hold chondrocytes and extracellular matrix
30 terms
Anatomy of skeletal muscle tissue
properties of muscle tissue 1 contract…
properties of muscle tissue 2 excitabi…
properties of muscle tissue 3 extensib…
properties of muscle tissue 4 elasticity
contracts forcefully
nerve signals excite muscle cells into contractions
stretching like in the bladder
recoils and resumes resting length
properties of muscle tissue 1 contract…
contracts forcefully
properties of muscle tissue 2 excitabi…
nerve signals excite muscle cells into contractions
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