Study sets matching "anatomy"

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Study sets matching "anatomy"

34 terms
Anatomy
Epidermis (2 layers)(Function)
Dermis (Function)
Langer's Lines
Appendages
Superficial Level: Protection... Deep Basal Level: Regenerative,…
-Collagen & Elastin... -Skin Tone... -Protection... -Nutrition
-Relaxed skin tension lines... -Formed by pattern of collagen fi…
-Contains hair follicles... -Sebaceous Glands... -Sweat (eccrine) g…
Epidermis (2 layers)(Function)
Superficial Level: Protection... Deep Basal Level: Regenerative,…
Dermis (Function)
-Collagen & Elastin... -Skin Tone... -Protection... -Nutrition
29 terms
anatomy
epithelium
muscle
nervous
connective
forms membranes
allows for movement of limbs and for organ movements within t…
uses electrochemical signals to carry out its functions
supports and reinforces body organs
epithelium
forms membranes
muscle
allows for movement of limbs and for organ movements within t…
Anatomy
Sagittal plane
Transverse plane
Frontal plane
Ventral cavity
It divides the body into left and right
divides the body into superior and inferior parts
a vertical plane at right angles to a sagittal plane, dividin…
The ventral body cavity is a human body cavity that is in the…
Sagittal plane
It divides the body into left and right
Transverse plane
divides the body into superior and inferior parts
19 terms
Anatomy
Cranial
Caudal
Dorsal
Ventral
Towards the head
Towards the tail
Towards the back
Towards the belly
Cranial
Towards the head
Caudal
Towards the tail
anatomy
choroid coat
ciliary body
cochlea
conjuctiva
the vascular, pigmented middle layer of the wall of the eye
structure associated with with the choroid layer of the eye t…
portion of the inner ear that has hearing receptors
membranous covering on the anterior surface of the eye
choroid coat
the vascular, pigmented middle layer of the wall of the eye
ciliary body
structure associated with with the choroid layer of the eye t…
48 terms
Anatomy
anatomy=
physiology=
Integumentary system
Skeletal System
structure
function
provides protection, regulates temperature, prevents water lo…
provides protection and support, allows body movements, produ…
anatomy=
structure
physiology=
function
Anatomy
Serous Membranes
Parietal Serosa
Visceral Serosa
Serous Fluid
functions in protecting and lubricating organs
lines internal body walls
covers internal organs
separates the serosae
Serous Membranes
functions in protecting and lubricating organs
Parietal Serosa
lines internal body walls
99 terms
Anatomy
ANTERIOR
VENTRAL
POSTERIOR
DORSAL
(human) front side
front side
(human) back side
back side
ANTERIOR
(human) front side
VENTRAL
front side
anatomy
anatomy
Histology
applied or cynical anatomy
descriptive or systemic anatomy
is the study of structures or body parts and their relationsh…
microscopic
the subdiscipline of anatomy concerned with diagnosis, treatm…
the description of individual parts of the body without refer…
anatomy
is the study of structures or body parts and their relationsh…
Histology
microscopic
71 terms
Anatomy
NASAL BONES
JEJUNUM
EXCRETORY PHASE
CAUDA EQUINA
1. ?
2.?
What contrast phase?
At the level of L4-L5 #6?
NASAL BONES
1. ?
JEJUNUM
2.?
226 terms
Anatomy
There are four unpaired bones of the c…
Neurocranium bones are
There are two paired bones in the cran…
Number of bones in neurocranium
Ethmoid, Sphenoid, Frontal and Occipital
Frontal, Parietal, Temporal... Occipital, Sphenoid, Ethmoid
Parietal and Temporal
Eight
There are four unpaired bones of the c…
Ethmoid, Sphenoid, Frontal and Occipital
Neurocranium bones are
Frontal, Parietal, Temporal... Occipital, Sphenoid, Ethmoid
Anatomy
Deltoid
internal intercostal
external intercostal
Bicep brachii
abducts the arm
depresses the rib
Elevates the rib
flexes the forearm/ elbow
Deltoid
abducts the arm
internal intercostal
depresses the rib
Anatomy
skull
Maxila
Mandible
Scapula
skull
Maxila
Anatomy
Right Upper Quadrant
Left Upper Quadrant
Right Lower Quadrant
Left Lower Quadrant
liver... gall bladder... first 3 parts of the duodenum... head of the…
cardiac and fundic regions of the stomach... right half of the t…
lower portion of the ascending colon... appendix... right ureter
lower portion of the descending colon... sigmoid colon... left ureter
Right Upper Quadrant
liver... gall bladder... first 3 parts of the duodenum... head of the…
Left Upper Quadrant
cardiac and fundic regions of the stomach... right half of the t…
anatomy
biologic function of the nose
biologic function of the mouth
biologic function of the pharynx
articulation
breathe, filters air, warms the air, smell
chewing, biting off food, swallowing, taste
food passage, air passage
adjustments in the shape and acoustical properties of the voc…
biologic function of the nose
breathe, filters air, warms the air, smell
biologic function of the mouth
chewing, biting off food, swallowing, taste
95 terms
Anatomy
Cervical enlargement
Cervical spinal nerves
Cauda equina
Conus medullaris
Cervical enlargement
Cervical spinal nerves
10 terms
Anatomy
Anatomy
Gross/Macroscopic
Regional
Systemic
study of form and structure of the body
structures examines without a microscope
studied area by area
studied system by system
Anatomy
study of form and structure of the body
Gross/Macroscopic
structures examines without a microscope
240 terms
Anatomy
cells
nucleus
protoplasm
anabolism
Basic unit of life
Control center of the cell activities
Cells are made up of a colorless, jellylike substance called…
the process of building up larger molecules from small ones
cells
Basic unit of life
nucleus
Control center of the cell activities
Anatomy
Hyperextension
Extension
Flexion
Dorsiflexion
the excess extension of the parts of a joint beyond the anato…
strengthening parts at a joint so that the angle between them…
the bending parts at the joint so that the angle between them…
bending the foot at the ankle toward the shin
Hyperextension
the excess extension of the parts of a joint beyond the anato…
Extension
strengthening parts at a joint so that the angle between them…
51 terms
Anatomy
Cerebrum
Diencephalon
Cerebellum (the little brain)... vermis…
Brain Stem
cerebral cortex... basal ganglia
epithalamus (pineal gland)... thalamus - relay stn for sensory i…
grey matter - neuron cell bodies, dendrites... white matter - ax…
midbrain - extends from pons to diencephalon (cerebral aquedu…
Cerebrum
cerebral cortex... basal ganglia
Diencephalon
epithalamus (pineal gland)... thalamus - relay stn for sensory i…
97 terms
Anatomy
Transverse Abdominus
Pectoralis Major
Pectoralis Minor
Antagonist
Deepes of Abdominal muscles; fibers run horizontally
A muscle that relaxes while the agonist contracts. Antagonist…
Transverse Abdominus
Deepes of Abdominal muscles; fibers run horizontally
Pectoralis Major
Anatomy
Pectoralis Major Muscle
Pectoralis Major Muscle
Pectoralis Major Muscle
Pectoralis Minor
Origin: Clavicle, Sternum... Insertion: Intertubercular sulci of…
orgin: clavicle and Sternum... insertion: intertubercular sulci…
Orgin: Clavicle and Sternum... Insertion: Intertubercular sulci…
Orgin: Upper Ribs... Insertion: Coracoid process of scapula... Acti…
Pectoralis Major Muscle
Origin: Clavicle, Sternum... Insertion: Intertubercular sulci of…
Pectoralis Major Muscle
orgin: clavicle and Sternum... insertion: intertubercular sulci…
anatomy
intercostals-external and internal
rectus abdominis
external oblique abdominis
rhomboid minor/major
intercostals-external and internal
rectus abdominis
6 terms
Anatomy
Simple squamous epithelium
Simple cuboidal epithelium
Simple columnar epithelium
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium
kidneys
Tubules, Small Glands, Ovary Surface
Digestive Tract, Ducts of some glands, Gallbladder
Trachea
Simple squamous epithelium
kidneys
Simple cuboidal epithelium
Tubules, Small Glands, Ovary Surface
102 terms
Anatomy
five classes of vertebrates and examples
external anatomy of fish
scales on fish are for and what position
Amphibians means
fish-shark... amphibians-frog... reptiles-snake... mammals-elephant... bi…
scales and lateral line system
reduce friction and for insulation; face posterior
duo life
five classes of vertebrates and examples
fish-shark... amphibians-frog... reptiles-snake... mammals-elephant... bi…
external anatomy of fish
scales and lateral line system
Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Functional Anatomy
Sagittal Plane
Coronal Plane
Person in standing posture, head, eyes and toes facing forwar…
Way of approaching anatomy, ex. Yoga
Anatomical plane- vertical planes passing longitudinally thro…
Anatomical Plane- vertical planes passing through the body at…
Anatomical Position
Person in standing posture, head, eyes and toes facing forwar…
Functional Anatomy
Way of approaching anatomy, ex. Yoga
119 terms
Anatomy
Lacunae
Lamellae
Canaliculi
Ossification
pocket
matrix
canal
turning cartilage to bone
Lacunae
pocket
Lamellae
matrix
58 terms
Anatomy
Head
Skull
Face
Forehead
Celphalic
Cranial
Facial
Frontal
Head
Celphalic
Skull
Cranial
anatomy
stratum basale
stratum spinosum
stratum granulosum
stratum corneum
1
2
3
5
stratum basale
1
stratum spinosum
2
68 terms
Anatomy
anatomy
Physiology
GROSS anatomy
Regional
study of structures of body parts in relation to functions an…
study of functions
regional, systemic, surface
all structures in one body area (such as abdomen or leg)
anatomy
study of structures of body parts in relation to functions an…
Physiology
study of functions
42 terms
Anatomy
Abdominal
Acromial
Antebrachial
Antecubital
anterior body trunk... inferior to the ribs
point of shoulder
forearm
anterior surface of elbow
Abdominal
anterior body trunk... inferior to the ribs
Acromial
point of shoulder
90 terms
Anatomy ********
joints
synarthoses joints
Fibrous
syntoses (fibrous)
allow bones to move relative to each other; weakest part of t…
joined together by dense fibrous tissue; no joint cavity; red…
1. Syntoses... 2. Syndesmoses... 3. Gomphases
joint between 2 bones with no other characters between them.…
joints
allow bones to move relative to each other; weakest part of t…
synarthoses joints
joined together by dense fibrous tissue; no joint cavity; red…
56 terms
Anatomy
Trapezius
Latissimus Dorsi
Levator Scapulae
Rhomboid Major
O: ... 1. medial 1/3rd of the superior nuchal line of the occipi…
O:... 1. T6-12 spinous processes... 2. inferior thoracolumbar fasci…
O:... 1. C1-4 transverse processes... I:... medial border of the scap…
O:... T2 - 5 spinous processes and supraspinous ligaments... I:... me…
Trapezius
O: ... 1. medial 1/3rd of the superior nuchal line of the occipi…
Latissimus Dorsi
O:... 1. T6-12 spinous processes... 2. inferior thoracolumbar fasci…
487 terms
Anatomy
Depressor Anguli Oris
Depressor Labii Inferioris
Levator Labii Super-ioris
Nasalis
Action: Draws angle of mouth laterally and downward... Innervati…
Action: Draws lower lip downward... Innvervation: Facial Nerve
Origin: Zygomatic bone and maxilla... Insertion: Muscles of the…
Action: Widens nostrils... Innervation: Facial nerve
Depressor Anguli Oris
Action: Draws angle of mouth laterally and downward... Innervati…
Depressor Labii Inferioris
Action: Draws lower lip downward... Innvervation: Facial Nerve
Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Pathology
Homeostasis
structure of the body parts and their relationship to one ano…
the study of the functions of the organs and how body parts w…
the science of diseases and disharmony
a state of equilibrium; systems work together to maintain hem…
Anatomy
structure of the body parts and their relationship to one ano…
Physiology
the study of the functions of the organs and how body parts w…
63 terms
Anatomy
Somatic efferent
Visceral efferent
somatic is _______ and visceral is______
visceral is associated with ____
Somatic efferent involves one motor neuron and travels to ske…
Visceral efferent (a.k.a. ANS) involves a preganglionic and p…
voluntary, involuntary
automomic nervous system (automatic)
Somatic efferent
Somatic efferent involves one motor neuron and travels to ske…
Visceral efferent
Visceral efferent (a.k.a. ANS) involves a preganglionic and p…
130 terms
Anatomy
what are the different planes?
what are the different directions?
Superior
Inferior
-sagittal... -midsagittal... -frontal... -horizontal
-lateral... -medial... -anterior... -posterior... -superior... -inferior... -pr…
A structure located above another... Ex: The nose is superior to…
A structure that is below or under some other structure.... Ex:…
what are the different planes?
-sagittal... -midsagittal... -frontal... -horizontal
what are the different directions?
-lateral... -medial... -anterior... -posterior... -superior... -inferior... -pr…
30 terms
Anatomy
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Appear above other structures
Are always below other body parts
Frontside; facing forward
Backside; facing backside of the body
Superior
Appear above other structures
Inferior
Are always below other body parts
11 terms
anatomy
cranial cavity
distal
epithelial, connective, muscle, and ne…
Skeletal, Smooth and Cardiac
The hand is superior, posterior or distal to the forearm?
Name the four types of tissues?
3 types of Muscle Tissue?
cranial cavity
distal
The hand is superior, posterior or distal to the forearm?
80 terms
Anatomy
Superior (cranial or cephalad)
Inferior (caudal)
anterior (ventral)
posterior (dorsal)
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the the b…
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the backside of the body; behind
Superior (cranial or cephalad)
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the the b…
Inferior (caudal)
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
66 terms
Anatomy
Cephalic
Cervical
Thoracic
Abdominal
region: head
region: neck region
region: chest
region: abdomen
Cephalic
region: head
Cervical
region: neck region
Anatomy
Orbicularis Oculi
Occipitofrontalis
Temporalis
Levator Labii Superioris
Action: Closes eye/ Insertion: Bridge of nose/ Origin: Fronta…
Action: wrinkles forehead, raises eyebrows.... Connected to: Galea
Action: Closes jaw and side to side movement... Origin: Temporal…
Action: Elevates upper lip
Orbicularis Oculi
Action: Closes eye/ Insertion: Bridge of nose/ Origin: Fronta…
Occipitofrontalis
Action: wrinkles forehead, raises eyebrows.... Connected to: Galea
Anatomy
Medial
Lateral
Intermediate
Proximal
toward or at the midline of the body on the inner side of.
Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of.
Between a more medial and a more lateral structure.
Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachm…
Medial
toward or at the midline of the body on the inner side of.
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of.
Anatomy
Scapula
Spine of Scapula
acromion process
Coracoid Process
broad, flat, triangular bone that forms the shoulder blade.
Ridge of bone on the posterior aspect of the scapula
Forms the bony tip of the shoulder
Smaller, more anterior projection that is a site for muscle a…
Scapula
broad, flat, triangular bone that forms the shoulder blade.
Spine of Scapula
Ridge of bone on the posterior aspect of the scapula
Anatomy
superior
inferior
anterior (ventral)
posterior (dorsal)
above, closer to head
below, closer to feet
infront of
toward the back, behind
superior
above, closer to head
inferior
below, closer to feet
32 terms
anatomy
nucleous
rough ER
Smooth ER
cytoplasm
double-membraned, spherical envelope containing DNA strands.…
receives and transports synthesized proteins
synthesizes lipids and certain carbohydrates
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleous
double-membraned, spherical envelope containing DNA strands.…
rough ER
receives and transports synthesized proteins
76 terms
Anatomy
sartorius
gracilis
rectus femoris
vastus medialis
Origin: Anterior superior iliac spin... Flexes, abducts, and la…
Adducts thigh at the hip and flexes leg at the knee; assists…
Origin: anterior inferior iliac spin... Extends the leg at the…
Extends leg at the knee; part of the quadriceps group... O: lin…
sartorius
Origin: Anterior superior iliac spin... Flexes, abducts, and la…
gracilis
Adducts thigh at the hip and flexes leg at the knee; assists…
101 terms
anatomy
keratinocytes
melanocytes
dendritic cell
Tactile cell (merkel cell)
produce keratin (gives skin strength and flexibility, protect…
protein, produce melanin, protect nucleus from UV,
ingest foreign materials and interact with immune system so i…
interaction between skin and nervous system, it is a cup stru…
keratinocytes
produce keratin (gives skin strength and flexibility, protect…
melanocytes
protein, produce melanin, protect nucleus from UV,
Anatomy
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gall bladder
Semi fluid mass of partially digested food that passes from t…
Alimentary canal
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
Amylase
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
40 terms
Anatomy
median
coronal, frontal
transverse, cross
lateral, sageral
middle line going straight down your body , vertical
line going through the body on the side dividing your body be…
line cutting through the body horizontally
in direction to the median, this is the farthest away
median
middle line going straight down your body , vertical
coronal, frontal
line going through the body on the side dividing your body be…
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