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Study sets matching "anatomy"

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Study sets matching "anatomy"

68 terms
Anatomy
anatomy
Physiology
GROSS anatomy
Regional
study of structures of body parts in relation to functions an…
study of functions
regional, systemic, surface
all structures in one body area (such as abdomen or leg)
anatomy
study of structures of body parts in relation to functions an…
Physiology
study of functions
101 terms
anatomy
keratinocytes
melanocytes
dendritic cell
Tactile cell (merkel cell)
produce keratin (gives skin strength and flexibility, protect…
protein, produce melanin, protect nucleus from UV,
ingest foreign materials and interact with immune system so i…
interaction between skin and nervous system, it is a cup stru…
keratinocytes
produce keratin (gives skin strength and flexibility, protect…
melanocytes
protein, produce melanin, protect nucleus from UV,
119 terms
Anatomy
Lacunae
Lamellae
Canaliculi
Ossification
pocket
matrix
canal
turning cartilage to bone
Lacunae
pocket
Lamellae
matrix
51 terms
Anatomy
Pectoralis Major Muscle
Pectoralis Major Muscle
Pectoralis Major Muscle
Pectoralis Minor
Origin: Clavicle, Sternum... Insertion: Intertubercular sulci of…
orgin: clavicle and Sternum... insertion: intertubercular sulci…
Orgin: Clavicle and Sternum... Insertion: Intertubercular sulci…
Orgin: Upper Ribs... Insertion: Coracoid process of scapula... Acti…
Pectoralis Major Muscle
Origin: Clavicle, Sternum... Insertion: Intertubercular sulci of…
Pectoralis Major Muscle
orgin: clavicle and Sternum... insertion: intertubercular sulci…
60 terms
Anatomy
Describe anatomical position
Median (midsagittal)
Sagittal
Coronal
Head, eyes and toes abteriorly. Upper limbs by sides with pal…
Plane longitudinally through the body
Planes parallel to the median plane
Vertical planes passing through the body at right angles to t…
Describe anatomical position
Head, eyes and toes abteriorly. Upper limbs by sides with pal…
Median (midsagittal)
Plane longitudinally through the body
30 terms
Anatomy
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Appear above other structures
Are always below other body parts
Frontside; facing forward
Backside; facing backside of the body
Superior
Appear above other structures
Inferior
Are always below other body parts
10 terms
Anatomy
Anatomy
Gross/Macroscopic
Regional
Systemic
study of form and structure of the body
structures examines without a microscope
studied area by area
studied system by system
Anatomy
study of form and structure of the body
Gross/Macroscopic
structures examines without a microscope
424 terms
Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Functional Anatomy
Sagittal Plane
Coronal Plane
Person in standing posture, head, eyes and toes facing forwar…
Way of approaching anatomy, ex. Yoga
Anatomical plane- vertical planes passing longitudinally thro…
Anatomical Plane- vertical planes passing through the body at…
Anatomical Position
Person in standing posture, head, eyes and toes facing forwar…
Functional Anatomy
Way of approaching anatomy, ex. Yoga
11 terms
anatomy
cranial cavity
distal
epithelial, connective, muscle, and ne…
Skeletal, Smooth and Cardiac
The hand is superior, posterior or distal to the forearm?
Name the four types of tissues?
3 types of Muscle Tissue?
cranial cavity
distal
The hand is superior, posterior or distal to the forearm?
46 terms
Anatomy
superior
inferior
anterior (ventral)
posterior (dorsal)
above, closer to head
below, closer to feet
infront of
toward the back, behind
superior
above, closer to head
inferior
below, closer to feet
8 terms
anatomy
intercostals-external and internal
rectus abdominis
external oblique abdominis
rhomboid minor/major
intercostals-external and internal
rectus abdominis
Anatomy
Medial
Lateral
Intermediate
Proximal
toward or at the midline of the body on the inner side of.
Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of.
Between a more medial and a more lateral structure.
Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachm…
Medial
toward or at the midline of the body on the inner side of.
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of.
226 terms
Anatomy
There are four unpaired bones of the c…
Neurocranium bones are
There are two paired bones in the cran…
Number of bones in neurocranium
Ethmoid, Sphenoid, Frontal and Occipital
Frontal, Parietal, Temporal... Occipital, Sphenoid, Ethmoid
Parietal and Temporal
Eight
There are four unpaired bones of the c…
Ethmoid, Sphenoid, Frontal and Occipital
Neurocranium bones are
Frontal, Parietal, Temporal... Occipital, Sphenoid, Ethmoid
90 terms
Anatomy ********
joints
synarthoses joints
Fibrous
syntoses (fibrous)
allow bones to move relative to each other; weakest part of t…
joined together by dense fibrous tissue; no joint cavity; red…
1. Syntoses... 2. Syndesmoses... 3. Gomphases
joint between 2 bones with no other characters between them.…
joints
allow bones to move relative to each other; weakest part of t…
synarthoses joints
joined together by dense fibrous tissue; no joint cavity; red…
15 terms
Anatomy
Gastrocnemius
Patellar Ligament
Rectus Femoris
Semitendinosus
Gastrocnemius
Patellar Ligament
487 terms
Anatomy
Depressor Anguli Oris
Depressor Labii Inferioris
Levator Labii Super-ioris
Nasalis
Action: Draws angle of mouth laterally and downward... Innervati…
Action: Draws lower lip downward... Innvervation: Facial Nerve
Origin: Zygomatic bone and maxilla... Insertion: Muscles of the…
Action: Widens nostrils... Innervation: Facial nerve
Depressor Anguli Oris
Action: Draws angle of mouth laterally and downward... Innervati…
Depressor Labii Inferioris
Action: Draws lower lip downward... Innvervation: Facial Nerve
47 terms
Anatomy
Anatomical position
ventral region
Dorsal region
anterior
is a stance in which a person stands erect, with the feet fla…
The region of the body near the chest
The region of the body near the feet or rear of the body
is more near the head or front of the body in the ventral reg…
Anatomical position
is a stance in which a person stands erect, with the feet fla…
ventral region
The region of the body near the chest
Anatomy
Anatomical position
Distal
Medial
Proximal
Standing erect, with feet parallel to each other, arms at you…
Toes are. To the heel
Pinky finger is. To the thumb
Wrist is. To the fingers
Anatomical position
Standing erect, with feet parallel to each other, arms at you…
Distal
Toes are. To the heel
963 terms
anatomy
Larynx
Trachea
Epiglottis
Plica vestibularis
1
2
2
4
Larynx
1
Trachea
2
36 terms
anatomy
superior
inferior
ventral (anterlor)
dorsal (posterlor)
above
below
in front of (near frontside)
behind (near backside)
superior
above
inferior
below
56 terms
Anatomy
Trapezius
Latissimus Dorsi
Levator Scapulae
Rhomboid Major
O: ... 1. medial 1/3rd of the superior nuchal line of the occipi…
O:... 1. T6-12 spinous processes... 2. inferior thoracolumbar fasci…
O:... 1. C1-4 transverse processes... I:... medial border of the scap…
O:... T2 - 5 spinous processes and supraspinous ligaments... I:... me…
Trapezius
O: ... 1. medial 1/3rd of the superior nuchal line of the occipi…
Latissimus Dorsi
O:... 1. T6-12 spinous processes... 2. inferior thoracolumbar fasci…
61 terms
anatomy
What is anatomy?
Physiology
What are the Characteristics of life?…
Smallest to largest the levels of orga…
Cut apart
Study of function/movement
1. movement 2, responsiveness 3, growth 4. reproduction 5. re…
atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ…
What is anatomy?
Cut apart
Physiology
Study of function/movement
55 terms
Anatomy
Coronal Plane or Frontal Plane
Dorsal Cavity
cranial cavity
spinal cavity
Dividing the standing body vertically into anterior (front) a…
brain
spinal cord
Coronal Plane or Frontal Plane
Dividing the standing body vertically into anterior (front) a…
Dorsal Cavity
340 terms
anatomy...
superior lobe
middle lobe(right lung only)
inferior lobe
transverse fissure(right only)
is on both lungs
is on both lungs
aka horizontal fissure
superior lobe
is on both lungs
middle lobe(right lung only)
194 terms
Anatomy
3 layers of the heart:
The endothelial inner layer lining of…
The muscular middle layer of the heart…
The fibrouse outer layer of the heart…
Endocardium, Myocardium, and Epicardium.
Endocardium
Myocardium
Epicardium
3 layers of the heart:
Endocardium, Myocardium, and Epicardium.
The endothelial inner layer lining of…
Endocardium
18 terms
Anatomy
Humerus
Scapula
Clavicle
Head of the humerus
Humerus
Scapula
32 terms
anatomy
nucleous
rough ER
Smooth ER
cytoplasm
double-membraned, spherical envelope containing DNA strands.…
receives and transports synthesized proteins
synthesizes lipids and certain carbohydrates
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleous
double-membraned, spherical envelope containing DNA strands.…
rough ER
receives and transports synthesized proteins
16 terms
anatomy
ball & socket joint
hinge joint
saddle joint
gliding/plane
synovial joint capable of motion around an indefinite number…
joint in which the surfaces are molded to each other in such…
permits movements in all directions except axial rotation
synovial joint which, under physiological conditions, allows…
ball & socket joint
synovial joint capable of motion around an indefinite number…
hinge joint
joint in which the surfaces are molded to each other in such…
107 terms
Anatomy
Right Atrium
Left Atrium
Right Ventricle
Left Ventricle
Right Atrium
Left Atrium
26 terms
Anatomy
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gall bladder
Semi fluid mass of partially digested food that passes from t…
Alimentary canal
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
Amylase
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
36 terms
Anatomy
basal cell carcinoma
benign
blood(connective tissue)
bone(connective tissue)
are abnormal, uncontrolled growths or lesions that arise in t…
is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to o…
is composed of erythrocytes, which distribute oxygen througho…
contains three types of cells: osteoblasts, which deposit bon…
basal cell carcinoma
are abnormal, uncontrolled growths or lesions that arise in t…
benign
is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to o…
136 terms
Anatomy
Digestion
Absorption
Gastroenterology
Gastro
Break down of food into molecules small enough for cells to use
Passage of these molecules through cells into the blood
Deals with the structure, function, Diagnosis, and treatment…
Stomach
Digestion
Break down of food into molecules small enough for cells to use
Absorption
Passage of these molecules through cells into the blood
76 terms
Anatomy
sartorius
gracilis
rectus femoris
vastus medialis
Origin: Anterior superior iliac spin... Flexes, abducts, and la…
Adducts thigh at the hip and flexes leg at the knee; assists…
Origin: anterior inferior iliac spin... Extends the leg at the…
Extends leg at the knee; part of the quadriceps group... O: lin…
sartorius
Origin: Anterior superior iliac spin... Flexes, abducts, and la…
gracilis
Adducts thigh at the hip and flexes leg at the knee; assists…
63 terms
Anatomy
anterior longitudinal ligament
annulus fibrosus
anterior sacroiliac ligament
anterior superior iliac spine
Consists of strong, dense fibers, located inside the bodies o…
Band of fibrous fibrocartilage of which each intervertebral d…
fibrocartilage at the front of the sacrum, which joins it to…
area where the iliac crest terminates anteriorly
anterior longitudinal ligament
Consists of strong, dense fibers, located inside the bodies o…
annulus fibrosus
Band of fibrous fibrocartilage of which each intervertebral d…
260 terms
Anatomy
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Organelles
Inclusions
All cellular material inside plasma membrane... -content betwee…
Liquid part of cytoplasm... -fluid portion of cytoplasm that co…
"Little Organs"... -Organized sub-cellular structures, with spe…
Solutes in the cytosol... -Things brought into cell from outsid…
Cytoplasm
All cellular material inside plasma membrane... -content betwee…
Cytosol
Liquid part of cytoplasm... -fluid portion of cytoplasm that co…
26 terms
Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
6 Levels of organization
Homeostasis
The structure of the body part.
The function of the body part.
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, system, organism. (First t…
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state.
Anatomy
The structure of the body part.
Physiology
The function of the body part.
20 terms
Anatomy
Anatomical position
left and right
Anterior
Posterior
standing straight... palms facing foward... arms at side... feet toget…
from the anatomical position
front side of the body
back side of the body
Anatomical position
standing straight... palms facing foward... arms at side... feet toget…
left and right
from the anatomical position
338 terms
anatomy
anatomy
branches of anatomy
6 levels of organization
chemical level
the study of the structure of the body
embryology, developmental biology, cell biology, histology, g…
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, system, organismal
very basic includes atoms and molecules
anatomy
the study of the structure of the body
branches of anatomy
embryology, developmental biology, cell biology, histology, g…
95 terms
Anatomy
Superior Vena Cava
Inferior Vena Cava
Ascending Aorta
Aortic Arch
Superior Vena Cava
Inferior Vena Cava
120 terms
Anatomy
Abdomen
Adam's apple
Adrenal glands
Amniotic fluid
腹部
喉结 , (粤称喉'核')
肾上腺
羊水
Abdomen
腹部
Adam's apple
喉结 , (粤称喉'核')
992 terms
Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross anatomy
Microscopic anatomy
Structure: shape, size, location, relationship, other structu…
Function: looking for the function, function follows form
Structures that can be examined without a microscope
Deals with structures too small to be seen with the naked eye
Anatomy
Structure: shape, size, location, relationship, other structu…
Physiology
Function: looking for the function, function follows form
54 terms
Anatomy
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle Tissue
Somatic System
covers the whole surface of the body. It is made up of cells…
Tissue that connects, supports, binds, or separates other tis…
is made of "excitable" cells that are capable of contraction.…
body walls and limbs ... skin, skeletal muscle, bones & joints (…
Epithelial tissue
covers the whole surface of the body. It is made up of cells…
Connective tissue
Tissue that connects, supports, binds, or separates other tis…
8 terms
anatomy
simple squamous
simple cuboidal
simple columnar
pseudostratified ciliated columnar
loc: lungs and capillaries ... func: covers organs, lines cardio…
loc: kidney tubes and glands ... func: limited protection, secre…
loc: lining of stomach, intestine, gallbladder, uterine tubes…
loc: lining of nasal cavity, trachea, and bronchi; portions o…
simple squamous
loc: lungs and capillaries ... func: covers organs, lines cardio…
simple cuboidal
loc: kidney tubes and glands ... func: limited protection, secre…
56 terms
Anatomy
Ventral cavity
Dorsal cavity
Cranial cavity
Spinal cavity
Ventral cavity
Dorsal cavity
16 terms
Anatomy
superior
inferior
anterior
posterior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
toward or at the backside of the body; behind
superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
25 terms
Anatomy
superior
inferior
medial
lateral
upwards
downwards
towards the middle
towards the sides
superior
upwards
inferior
downwards
25 terms
Anatomy
Superior
Inferior
Ventral
Dorsal
toward the head end or upper body regions
Lower part of the body, farther from the head
front of the body
back of the body
Superior
toward the head end or upper body regions
Inferior
Lower part of the body, farther from the head
97 terms
Anatomy
Cranial
Vertebral
Thoracic
Abdominopelvic
Brain, orbital, oral, nasal, otic
Holds spine
Below trachea to diaphragm
Stomach cavity and reproductive parts
Cranial
Brain, orbital, oral, nasal, otic
Vertebral
Holds spine
197 terms
Anatomy
Count all the vertebrae and identity t…
Count all the spinal nerves and the tw…
What vertebrae is this and why?... Label…
What facet is located transverse proce…
C1-C7... T1-T12... L1-L5... S1-S5... Coccyx... Atlas is C1... Axis is C2
C1 is above Atlas... C2 below atlas above axis... C3 below axis abo…
(transverse) Costal facet, superior
Count all the vertebrae and identity t…
C1-C7... T1-T12... L1-L5... S1-S5... Coccyx... Atlas is C1... Axis is C2
Count all the spinal nerves and the tw…
C1 is above Atlas... C2 below atlas above axis... C3 below axis abo…
274 terms
Anatomy
psudounipolar neurons found in
multipolar neurons found in
rootlets --> root --> spinal nerve -->…
cervical plexus
PNS (dorsal root)
CNS (muscle, ANS)
rami... (SPINAL NERVE IS ONLY THE SECTION INSIDE THE INTERVERTEB…
c1-c4... (c 3, 4 , 5 = diaphragm)
psudounipolar neurons found in
PNS (dorsal root)
multipolar neurons found in
CNS (muscle, ANS)
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