Study sets matching "anatomy"

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Study sets matching "anatomy"

16 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
Skeletal System
Parts (Skeletal System)
Bone Development
Vertebral Column
- Protections: organs and soft tissues... - Support against grav…
Bone, joint, cartilage, ligaments, tendons
1. Cartilage (fetus bends) > 2. Hardens (drink milk) > 3. Bon…
- Curves 5 times: out, in, out, in, out... - Better balance for…
Skeletal System
- Protections: organs and soft tissues... - Support against grav…
Parts (Skeletal System)
Bone, joint, cartilage, ligaments, tendons
13 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy Chapter 3
Tissue
3 basic types of tissues
organs
system
collections of specialized cells that perform similar functions
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
structures made up of different tissues which form a function…
...
Tissue
collections of specialized cells that perform similar functions
3 basic types of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
34 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Muscular System
Three (3) Types of Muscle Tissues
What is a Skeletal Muscle?
What is a Cardiac Muscle?
What is a Smooth Muscle?
Skeletal, Cardiac and Smooth
usually attached to bones, graded contraction, voluntary (act…
All or nothing, wall of heart, involuntary (moves without tho…
Walls of most viscera, blood vessels and skin - Involuntary (…
Three (3) Types of Muscle Tissues
Skeletal, Cardiac and Smooth
What is a Skeletal Muscle?
usually attached to bones, graded contraction, voluntary (act…
25 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy: Nervous system overview
What are the 3 functions of the nervou…
Neuroglia
What are the general functions of supp…
Astrocytes
1. Sensory input (RNS)... 2. Integration (CNS)... 3. Motor Output (…
Support cells in the CNS grouped together
-support ... -insulate... -protect neurons
star shaped cells / most abundant / brace neurons/ form barri…
What are the 3 functions of the nervou…
1. Sensory input (RNS)... 2. Integration (CNS)... 3. Motor Output (…
Neuroglia
Support cells in the CNS grouped together
43 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy Ch. 5
Anterior thigh muscles
medial thigh muscles
posterior thigh muscles
origin of sartorius muscle
primarily extensors of leg at knee
adduction of thigh at hip
extend the thigh at hip and flex leg at knee
ASIS of pelvis
Anterior thigh muscles
primarily extensors of leg at knee
medial thigh muscles
adduction of thigh at hip
55 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chapter 1 Exercise
Improving health and optimizing perfor…
Kinesiology
Anatomy
Biomechanics
Two goals of kinesiology
Another name for exercise science
The study of the layout of the bldy
The physics of body muovement
Improving health and optimizing perfor…
Two goals of kinesiology
Kinesiology
Another name for exercise science
9 termscreated on January 21, 2017
human anatomy
cells
tissues
organs
organ system
basic unit of life
collection of cells with similar functions
collections of tissues with similar functions
collections of organs with similar functions
cells
basic unit of life
tissues
collection of cells with similar functions
20 termscreated on January 21, 2017
NYCC Anatomy 1: Lecture 3 - Classification and Morphology of Bones
Cartilage is...
Bone is...
Bone is nourished via...
Cartilage is nourished via...
not vascularized... may never heal properly if damaged... can't reg…
highly vascularized... can readily heal properly if damaged... can…
rich blood supply
osmosis and diffusion
Cartilage is...
not vascularized... may never heal properly if damaged... can't reg…
Bone is...
highly vascularized... can readily heal properly if damaged... can…
24 termscreated on January 21, 2017
VT 106: (Endocrine) Adrenal Glands
Anatomy of Adrenals
2 Functional Regions of Adrenal Gland
Adrenal Medulla
Adrenal Medulla: Neuroendocrine Cells
Cranial and Medial to each kidney
Adrenal Medulla and Adrenal Cortex
-Central region... -Modified sympathetic ganglion... -Promoted by s…
Produce epinephrine and norepinephrine
Anatomy of Adrenals
Cranial and Medial to each kidney
2 Functional Regions of Adrenal Gland
Adrenal Medulla and Adrenal Cortex
35 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy final study guide
The brachial region is found in the
Proximal means farther from the
Blood in ------ blood vessels gives co…
Changes away from the body's normal se…
Upper arm
Body/point of attachment
Shallow
Positive
The brachial region is found in the
Upper arm
Proximal means farther from the
Body/point of attachment
104 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy Ch 1.1-1.7 (Intro to Human Body)
anatomy
physiology
tissues
epithelial tissue
The study of body structure
Study of function
groups of cells and the materials surrounding them that work…
covers body surfaces, lines hollow organs and cavities ad for…
anatomy
The study of body structure
physiology
Study of function
20 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Word Roots (Lab 1)
hypo-
-leuk-
-condyl-
-hepato-
under/below
white/colorless
knuckle/joint
liver
hypo-
under/below
-leuk-
white/colorless
41 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy: Chapter 5
integument
epidermis
dermis
hypodermis
skin, largest organ (7%-8% of body weight)
superficial layer of keratinized stratified squamous epitheli…
lies deep to the epidermis, two layers of connective tissue,…
(not part of the skin(integument)) lies under dermis, mostly…
integument
skin, largest organ (7%-8% of body weight)
epidermis
superficial layer of keratinized stratified squamous epitheli…
70 termscreated on January 21, 2017
lab 1 & 2 quiz
anterior
ventral
dorsal
posterior
in front of, toward the front surface... ex. the stomach is ant…
at the belly side of the human body... -ex. the umbilicus is on…
at the back side of the human body... -ex. the spinal cord is o…
in back of, toward the back surface... -ex. the heart is poster…
anterior
in front of, toward the front surface... ex. the stomach is ant…
ventral
at the belly side of the human body... -ex. the umbilicus is on…
32 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy of the Muscular System
Tendon
Aponeurosis
Origin
Insertion
Holds muscle to bone
Broad, flat, sheet-like, holds muscle to muscle and muscle to…
Where the muscle originates, attaches the stationary bone(you…
Attached to the end bone that does the moving
Tendon
Holds muscle to bone
Aponeurosis
Broad, flat, sheet-like, holds muscle to muscle and muscle to…
67 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy Review of Terms
Skull
Face
Armpit
Arm
Cranial
Facial
Axilary
Brachial
Skull
Cranial
Face
Facial
126 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Penn Foster Anatomy & Physiology
The nervous system is the body's
The central nervous system consists of
The peripheral nervous system is compr…
The somatic nervous system carries out
control center
brain and spinal cord and their associated structures
the nerves traveling from the brain or spinal cord to the tar…
conscious activities, such as walking, eating, etc
The nervous system is the body's
control center
The central nervous system consists of
brain and spinal cord and their associated structures
15 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Structures of the External, Middle, and Internal Ear
Auricle (pinna)
Lobule ("earlobe")
External acoustic meatus
Tympanic membrane (eardrum)
Elastic cartilage covered with skin; collects and directs sou…
Portion of the auricle that is inferior to the external acous…
Short, narrow canal carved into the temporal bone; lined with…
Thin membrane that separates the external ear from the middle…
Auricle (pinna)
Elastic cartilage covered with skin; collects and directs sou…
Lobule ("earlobe")
Portion of the auricle that is inferior to the external acous…
5 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy and Physiology 1
What is Anatomy?
What is Physiology
6 Levels of organization
6 most important processes
The physical structures of the human body
How the body functions and works as a whole
1 Chemical ... 2 Cellular ... 3 Tissue... 4 Organ... 5 System ... 6 Orgamism
1 Metabolism... 2 Responsiveness... 3 Movement... 4 Growth... 5 Different…
What is Anatomy?
The physical structures of the human body
What is Physiology
How the body functions and works as a whole
31 termscreated on January 21, 2017
chapter 1 bio
anatomy
Physiology
Subdivision
what is the 1st level of organization
is the study of structure
study of the function of the body based on organ systems
gross/macroscopic, microscopic, & developmental
Chemical
anatomy
is the study of structure
Physiology
study of the function of the body based on organ systems
13 termscreated on January 21, 2017
APHY 101 Spring 2017
Anatomy
Physiology
Subatomic Particles
Atom
The study of the structure of the human body
The study of the function of the human body
Electrons, protons, and neutrons
Hydrogen atom, lithium atom, etc.
Anatomy
The study of the structure of the human body
Physiology
The study of the function of the human body
38 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy exam review
The plane that divides the body into s…
Ms. Siciliano is walking towards you.…
What is not essential to survival?
What is the body's primary mechanism o…
Transverse
Anterior
Gravity
Negative feedback
The plane that divides the body into s…
Transverse
Ms. Siciliano is walking towards you.…
Anterior
18 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Epithelia Location and Function
Simple Squamous Function
Simple Squamous Location
Stratified Squamous Function
Stratified Squamous Location
Thin and weak; absorption; reduce friction
Lining of heart and blood vessels; alveoli (lungs)
Protect against physical and chemical attack
Lining of mouth, esophagus, anus, exposed body surfaces
Simple Squamous Function
Thin and weak; absorption; reduce friction
Simple Squamous Location
Lining of heart and blood vessels; alveoli (lungs)
218 termscreated on January 21, 2017
EMS Abbreviations
AAA
AAO
AAO X 3
AAO X 4
abdominal aortic aneurysm
Alert and Oriented
alert and oriented to person, place, and time
Alert and Oreinted to person, place, time, and event
AAA
abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAO
Alert and Oriented
39 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Patient Assessment: The Skin, Hair, and Nails
What is Melanin?
What is Carotene?
What is Oxyhemoglobin?
What is Deoxyhemoglobin?
the brownish pigment of the skin that varies with genetics an…
golden and primarily found in the subcutaneous tissues. Also…
bright red pigment in the arteries and capillaries. With incr…
darker red to bluish - established after blood passes through…
What is Melanin?
the brownish pigment of the skin that varies with genetics an…
What is Carotene?
golden and primarily found in the subcutaneous tissues. Also…
248 termscreated on January 21, 2017
R-PAS 101
Minimum number of responses for Rorsch…
Ideal number of responses for Rorschac…
At symbol (@)
Greater Than Sign, Less Than Sign, Car…
15
18-27
Response given in the upright position but the card was turned
Response given with the card turned 90 degrees right or left…
Minimum number of responses for Rorsch…
15
Ideal number of responses for Rorschac…
18-27
6 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy Chapter 16: Senses
sensory modality
free nerve endings
encapsulated nerve endings
specialized cells
type of sensations (pain, pressure, and vision)
a type of sensory receptor that has naked dendrites that exte…
a type of sensory receptor in which dendrites of the first ne…
this is a type of sensory receptor that has a synapse with a…
sensory modality
type of sensations (pain, pressure, and vision)
free nerve endings
a type of sensory receptor that has naked dendrites that exte…
18 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chapter 6: The Respiratory System
Anatomy of the Respiratory System
Lung Membranes pleura
Diapgrahm
Breathing
Air enters through external nares of the nose and then passes…
Membranes known as pleura surround each lung, which are a clo…
The muscular structure that divides the thoracic cavity from…
Pleura and lungs related through inhalation and exhalation. W…
Anatomy of the Respiratory System
Air enters through external nares of the nose and then passes…
Lung Membranes pleura
Membranes known as pleura surround each lung, which are a clo…
12 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Extrinsic shoulder muscles
Trapezius (upper fibers)
Trapezius (middle fibers)
Trapezius (Lower Fibers)
Trapezius (whole muscle)
Origin: External occipital protuberance, spine of c7, ligamen…
Origin: spine of C7-T5... Insertion: acromion process, spine of…
Origin: Spine of T6-T12... Insertion: Spine of scapula... Action: d…
Action: lock scapula in place, adduct scapula
Trapezius (upper fibers)
Origin: External occipital protuberance, spine of c7, ligamen…
Trapezius (middle fibers)
Origin: spine of C7-T5... Insertion: acromion process, spine of…
13 termscreated on January 21, 2017
VT 106: (Endocrine) Parathyroid Glands
Anatomy of the Parathyroids
Parathyroid Hormone
Parathyroid Hormone: Targets
Targets: Osteoclasts
-2-4 small gland attached to or within thyroid gland ... -Produc…
-Major regulator of calcium level in blood... -Increases blood c…
-Osteoclasts... -Kidneys
Stimulates resorption of bone, which releases calcium into bl…
Anatomy of the Parathyroids
-2-4 small gland attached to or within thyroid gland ... -Produc…
Parathyroid Hormone
-Major regulator of calcium level in blood... -Increases blood c…
91 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Human Biology Final Vocabulary
abdominal cavity
acne
actin
myosin
the space between the diaphragm and the pelvis
...
a protein that forms filaments that slide between filaments o…
...
abdominal cavity
the space between the diaphragm and the pelvis
acne
...
47 termscreated on January 21, 2017
anatomy 2 lab
what does the endocrine system consist…
what is an endocrine gland?
the endocrine gland transports molecul…
what is endocrine tissue?
endocrine glands and endocrine tissue
an organ that secretes one or more chemical messengers (hormo…
blood, distant
found in organs that have other functions in addition to horm…
what does the endocrine system consist…
endocrine glands and endocrine tissue
what is an endocrine gland?
an organ that secretes one or more chemical messengers (hormo…
45 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy: Muscles Practical
latissimus dorsi
clavotrapezius
clavobrachialis
pectonatebrachialis
pulls arm caudo-dorsally
flexes forearm
flexes forearm
adducts arm
latissimus dorsi
pulls arm caudo-dorsally
clavotrapezius
flexes forearm
92 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Bones & Bone Landmarks
Acromion process
Acetabulum
Body
Clavicle
Bony process of the scapula, articulates with the clavicle
Socket of the hip bone, articulates with the head of the femur
the main part of a bone or organ
Name the Collarbone
Acromion process
Bony process of the scapula, articulates with the clavicle
Acetabulum
Socket of the hip bone, articulates with the head of the femur
28 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Ch. 3 Embryology
Embryology
Prenatal period
Major events in embryonic period (2)
Week 1: zygote to blastocyst
study of the origin and development of a single individual
-embryo: first 8 weeks... -fetus: remaining 30 weeks
-organs form from three primary germ layers... -basic body plan…
1) egg is fertilized, becomes zygote... 2) day 2: 4-cell stage... 3…
Embryology
study of the origin and development of a single individual
Prenatal period
-embryo: first 8 weeks... -fetus: remaining 30 weeks
56 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy Quiz 2
Dermis
Fixed Macrophages
Collagen Fibers
Elastic Fibers
Deep Skin
Irregularly shaped &I utilized to engulf invaders & damaged c…
Thick, thread-like, long, parallel bundles, strong
Thin, complex, branched networks
Dermis
Deep Skin
Fixed Macrophages
Irregularly shaped &I utilized to engulf invaders & damaged c…
24 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Body direction and planes (Anatomy)
Ventral
Dorsal
Anterior
Posterior
front of body
back of body
front of body
back of body
Ventral
front of body
Dorsal
back of body
43 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Surgery: Breast Surgery - The Wells Report
Breast Anatomy Review: The mammary gla…
Breast Anatomy Review: what is coopers…
Breast Anatomy Review: what is the pri…
Breast Anatomy Review: What is the pri…
15-20 lobes
connective tissue... derived from superficial skin fascia
Internal Mammary Arteries... Lateral Thoracic Artery
Axillary, subclavian, intercostal veins
Breast Anatomy Review: The mammary gla…
15-20 lobes
Breast Anatomy Review: what is coopers…
connective tissue... derived from superficial skin fascia
16 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Body Planes and Body Cavities
Median (Midsagittal) Plane
Parasagittal Plane
Transverse Plane
Frontal (coronal) Plane
vertical plane that divides body into equal left and right se…
vertical plane that divides body into unequal left and right…
horizontal plane that divides body into superior and inferior…
vertical plane that divides body into anterior and posterior…
Median (Midsagittal) Plane
vertical plane that divides body into equal left and right se…
Parasagittal Plane
vertical plane that divides body into unequal left and right…
20 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Muscular System Matching Vocab
Insertion
Isotonic
Sarcomeres
Myoglobin
Movable attachment of the muscle is called the...
Exercise; contraction with movement.
Contracting units in a muscle fiber.
Protein in the muscle fibers that stores some oxygen.
Insertion
Movable attachment of the muscle is called the...
Isotonic
Exercise; contraction with movement.
14 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy Directional Terms
Superior
Inferior
Cranial
Anterior
Toward the head
Toward the foot end of a structure
At head end (specifically cranial bone on skull)
Front
Superior
Toward the head
Inferior
Toward the foot end of a structure
11 termscreated on January 21, 2017
ORGAN SYSTEMS FUNCTIONS
INTERUMENTARY
SKELETAL
MUSCULAR
NERVOUS
-Protects deeper organs from injury or drying out... -Excretes s…
-body support and protection of the internal organs... -provides…
-Primary function is to contract or shorten... -generates heat
-allows body to detect changes in its internal and external e…
INTERUMENTARY
-Protects deeper organs from injury or drying out... -Excretes s…
SKELETAL
-body support and protection of the internal organs... -provides…
40 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Anatomy Lab Anatomical Terminology
Anterior
Posterior
Dorsal
Ventral
Front, before
Back, behind
Back
Belly
Anterior
Front, before
Posterior
Back, behind
57 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Surface Anatomy
body
axial
appendicular
abdominal
surfaces provide a wealth of visible landmarks for study
head, neck, trunk, axis of body
limbs and attachment to body
anterior body trunk region inferior to ribs
body
surfaces provide a wealth of visible landmarks for study
axial
head, neck, trunk, axis of body
6 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Moral Development
Kohlberg's and Gilligan's early theori…
preconventional morality
convential morality
postconventional morality
is breaking into a house for medicine for a dying wife moral…
pre-adolscent kids - simple right/wrong punishment/reward
adolescents duty/social order and empathy start to play a role
abstract thought of legality v morality
Kohlberg's and Gilligan's early theori…
is breaking into a house for medicine for a dying wife moral…
preconventional morality
pre-adolscent kids - simple right/wrong punishment/reward
15 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Pectoral girdle and glenohumeral movements correct
Supraspinous
Subscapularis
Pectoralis Major
Teres Major
4 (15)... O-Supraspinous fossa of scalpula... I- Greater Tubercle…
30... O- Subscapular fossa of scapula... I - Lateral tubercle of…
31... O- Sternum... - Medial Clavicle ... - Costal Cartilage ... I -…
32... O- Inferior angle of scapula... I- Medial Lip of inter tube…
Supraspinous
4 (15)... O-Supraspinous fossa of scalpula... I- Greater Tubercle…
Subscapularis
30... O- Subscapular fossa of scapula... I - Lateral tubercle of…
26 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Medical Terminology- Suffixes
-phagia
-phobia
-plasty
-ptosis
eating
fear
repair of; tying of
falling
-phagia
eating
-phobia
fear
6 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Bone Parts
Periosteum
Compact bone
Cancellous/spongy bone
Articular cartilage
Carries beginning bone cells, blood vessels, and adheres musc…
Mineral storage and strength
Adds strength without much weight
Cushions jolts and blows on the end of long bones
Periosteum
Carries beginning bone cells, blood vessels, and adheres musc…
Compact bone
Mineral storage and strength
43 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Exit Quiz 1
Levator Palpebrae Superioris of the Eye
Superior Rectus of the Eye
Trochlea of the Eye
Superior Oblique of the Eye
6
Levator Palpebrae Superioris of the Eye
Superior Rectus of the Eye
16 termscreated on January 21, 2017
sections/planes/anatomical directional terms
coronal (frontal) plane
transverse (horizontal) plane
midsagittal (median) plane
sagittal plane
divides body into anterior and posterior parts
divides body into superior and inferior parts
divides body into equal right and left halves
divides body into unequal right and left halves
coronal (frontal) plane
divides body into anterior and posterior parts
transverse (horizontal) plane
divides body into superior and inferior parts
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