Study sets matching "anatomy"

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Study sets matching "anatomy"

226 terms
Anatomy
There are four unpaired bones of the c…
Neurocranium bones are
There are two paired bones in the cran…
Number of bones in neurocranium
Ethmoid, Sphenoid, Frontal and Occipital
Frontal, Parietal, Temporal... Occipital, Sphenoid, Ethmoid
Parietal and Temporal
Eight
There are four unpaired bones of the c…
Ethmoid, Sphenoid, Frontal and Occipital
Neurocranium bones are
Frontal, Parietal, Temporal... Occipital, Sphenoid, Ethmoid
Anatomy
skull
Maxila
Mandible
Scapula
skull
Maxila
Anatomy
Serous Membranes
Parietal Serosa
Visceral Serosa
Serous Fluid
functions in protecting and lubricating organs
lines internal body walls
covers internal organs
separates the serosae
Serous Membranes
functions in protecting and lubricating organs
Parietal Serosa
lines internal body walls
48 terms
Anatomy
anatomy=
physiology=
Integumentary system
Skeletal System
structure
function
provides protection, regulates temperature, prevents water lo…
provides protection and support, allows body movements, produ…
anatomy=
structure
physiology=
function
240 terms
Anatomy
cells
nucleus
protoplasm
anabolism
Basic unit of life
Control center of the cell activities
Cells are made up of a colorless, jellylike substance called…
the process of building up larger molecules from small ones
cells
Basic unit of life
nucleus
Control center of the cell activities
22 terms
Anatomy
Lateral Pterygoid
Medial Pterygoid
Sternocleidomastoid
Digastric
Origin: Lateral surface of the lateral pterygoid plate.... Inser…
Origin: Medial surface of the lateral pterygoid plate.... Insert…
Origin: Manubrium of the sternum, sternal end of the clavicle…
Origin: Anterior belly: mandible near the symphasis, posterio…
Lateral Pterygoid
Origin: Lateral surface of the lateral pterygoid plate.... Inser…
Medial Pterygoid
Origin: Medial surface of the lateral pterygoid plate.... Insert…
696 terms
Anatomy
What does the CNS consist of?
What is the neuraxis?
What is a nerve?
Define ganglia
Brain and spinal cord
The CNS
A bundle of axons... (An entire nerve cell is called a neurone)
Collections of cell bodies found in swellings outside the CNS
What does the CNS consist of?
Brain and spinal cord
What is the neuraxis?
The CNS
102 terms
Anatomy
five classes of vertebrates and examples
external anatomy of fish
scales on fish are for and what position
Amphibians means
fish-shark... amphibians-frog... reptiles-snake... mammals-elephant... bi…
scales and lateral line system
reduce friction and for insulation; face posterior
duo life
five classes of vertebrates and examples
fish-shark... amphibians-frog... reptiles-snake... mammals-elephant... bi…
external anatomy of fish
scales and lateral line system
71 terms
Anatomy
NASAL BONES
JEJUNUM
EXCRETORY PHASE
CAUDA EQUINA
1. ?
2.?
What contrast phase?
At the level of L4-L5 #6?
NASAL BONES
1. ?
JEJUNUM
2.?
Anatomy
Mandible
Vomer
Cervical
Thoracic
Mandible
Vomer
Anatomy
Deltoid
internal intercostal
external intercostal
Bicep brachii
abducts the arm
depresses the rib
Elevates the rib
flexes the forearm/ elbow
Deltoid
abducts the arm
internal intercostal
depresses the rib
Anatomy
Right Upper Quadrant
Left Upper Quadrant
Right Lower Quadrant
Left Lower Quadrant
liver... gall bladder... first 3 parts of the duodenum... head of the…
cardiac and fundic regions of the stomach... right half of the t…
lower portion of the ascending colon... appendix... right ureter
lower portion of the descending colon... sigmoid colon... left ureter
Right Upper Quadrant
liver... gall bladder... first 3 parts of the duodenum... head of the…
Left Upper Quadrant
cardiac and fundic regions of the stomach... right half of the t…
39 terms
Anatomy
Parietal bone
Temporal bone
Occipital bone
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Temporal bone
anatomy
biologic function of the nose
biologic function of the mouth
biologic function of the pharynx
articulation
breathe, filters air, warms the air, smell
chewing, biting off food, swallowing, taste
food passage, air passage
adjustments in the shape and acoustical properties of the voc…
biologic function of the nose
breathe, filters air, warms the air, smell
biologic function of the mouth
chewing, biting off food, swallowing, taste
Anatomy
Hyperextension
Extension
Flexion
Dorsiflexion
the excess extension of the parts of a joint beyond the anato…
strengthening parts at a joint so that the angle between them…
the bending parts at the joint so that the angle between them…
bending the foot at the ankle toward the shin
Hyperextension
the excess extension of the parts of a joint beyond the anato…
Extension
strengthening parts at a joint so that the angle between them…
Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Functional Anatomy
Sagittal Plane
Coronal Plane
Person in standing posture, head, eyes and toes facing forwar…
Way of approaching anatomy, ex. Yoga
Anatomical plane- vertical planes passing longitudinally thro…
Anatomical Plane- vertical planes passing through the body at…
Anatomical Position
Person in standing posture, head, eyes and toes facing forwar…
Functional Anatomy
Way of approaching anatomy, ex. Yoga
10 terms
Anatomy
Anatomy
Gross/Macroscopic
Regional
Systemic
study of form and structure of the body
structures examines without a microscope
studied area by area
studied system by system
Anatomy
study of form and structure of the body
Gross/Macroscopic
structures examines without a microscope
51 terms
Anatomy
Cerebrum
Diencephalon
Cerebellum (the little brain)... vermis…
Brain Stem
cerebral cortex... basal ganglia
epithalamus (pineal gland)... thalamus - relay stn for sensory i…
grey matter - neuron cell bodies, dendrites... white matter - ax…
midbrain - extends from pons to diencephalon (cerebral aquedu…
Cerebrum
cerebral cortex... basal ganglia
Diencephalon
epithalamus (pineal gland)... thalamus - relay stn for sensory i…
119 terms
Anatomy
Lacunae
Lamellae
Canaliculi
Ossification
pocket
matrix
canal
turning cartilage to bone
Lacunae
pocket
Lamellae
matrix
130 terms
Anatomy
what are the different planes?
what are the different directions?
Superior
Inferior
-sagittal... -midsagittal... -frontal... -horizontal
-lateral... -medial... -anterior... -posterior... -superior... -inferior... -pr…
A structure located above another... Ex: The nose is superior to…
A structure that is below or under some other structure.... Ex:…
what are the different planes?
-sagittal... -midsagittal... -frontal... -horizontal
what are the different directions?
-lateral... -medial... -anterior... -posterior... -superior... -inferior... -pr…
97 terms
Anatomy
Transverse Abdominus
Pectoralis Major
Pectoralis Minor
Antagonist
Deepes of Abdominal muscles; fibers run horizontally
A muscle that relaxes while the agonist contracts. Antagonist…
Transverse Abdominus
Deepes of Abdominal muscles; fibers run horizontally
Pectoralis Major
68 terms
Anatomy
anatomy
Physiology
GROSS anatomy
Regional
study of structures of body parts in relation to functions an…
study of functions
regional, systemic, surface
all structures in one body area (such as abdomen or leg)
anatomy
study of structures of body parts in relation to functions an…
Physiology
study of functions
Anatomy
Pectoralis Major Muscle
Pectoralis Major Muscle
Pectoralis Major Muscle
Pectoralis Minor
Origin: Clavicle, Sternum... Insertion: Intertubercular sulci of…
orgin: clavicle and Sternum... insertion: intertubercular sulci…
Orgin: Clavicle and Sternum... Insertion: Intertubercular sulci…
Orgin: Upper Ribs... Insertion: Coracoid process of scapula... Acti…
Pectoralis Major Muscle
Origin: Clavicle, Sternum... Insertion: Intertubercular sulci of…
Pectoralis Major Muscle
orgin: clavicle and Sternum... insertion: intertubercular sulci…
90 terms
Anatomy ********
joints
synarthoses joints
Fibrous
syntoses (fibrous)
allow bones to move relative to each other; weakest part of t…
joined together by dense fibrous tissue; no joint cavity; red…
1. Syntoses... 2. Syndesmoses... 3. Gomphases
joint between 2 bones with no other characters between them.…
joints
allow bones to move relative to each other; weakest part of t…
synarthoses joints
joined together by dense fibrous tissue; no joint cavity; red…
487 terms
Anatomy
Depressor Anguli Oris
Depressor Labii Inferioris
Levator Labii Super-ioris
Nasalis
Action: Draws angle of mouth laterally and downward... Innervati…
Action: Draws lower lip downward... Innvervation: Facial Nerve
Origin: Zygomatic bone and maxilla... Insertion: Muscles of the…
Action: Widens nostrils... Innervation: Facial nerve
Depressor Anguli Oris
Action: Draws angle of mouth laterally and downward... Innervati…
Depressor Labii Inferioris
Action: Draws lower lip downward... Innvervation: Facial Nerve
anatomy
intercostals-external and internal
rectus abdominis
external oblique abdominis
rhomboid minor/major
intercostals-external and internal
rectus abdominis
6 terms
Anatomy
Simple squamous epithelium
Simple cuboidal epithelium
Simple columnar epithelium
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium
kidneys
Tubules, Small Glands, Ovary Surface
Digestive Tract, Ducts of some glands, Gallbladder
Trachea
Simple squamous epithelium
kidneys
Simple cuboidal epithelium
Tubules, Small Glands, Ovary Surface
30 terms
Anatomy
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Appear above other structures
Are always below other body parts
Frontside; facing forward
Backside; facing backside of the body
Superior
Appear above other structures
Inferior
Are always below other body parts
Anatomy
Ventral cavity
Dorsal cavity
Cranial cavity
Spinal cavity
Ventral cavity
Dorsal cavity
11 terms
anatomy
cranial cavity
distal
epithelial, connective, muscle, and ne…
Skeletal, Smooth and Cardiac
The hand is superior, posterior or distal to the forearm?
Name the four types of tissues?
3 types of Muscle Tissue?
cranial cavity
distal
The hand is superior, posterior or distal to the forearm?
Anatomy
superior
inferior
anterior (ventral)
posterior (dorsal)
above, closer to head
below, closer to feet
infront of
toward the back, behind
superior
above, closer to head
inferior
below, closer to feet
963 terms
anatomy
Larynx
Trachea
Epiglottis
Plica vestibularis
1
2
2
4
Larynx
1
Trachea
2
194 terms
Anatomy
3 layers of the heart:
The endothelial inner layer lining of…
The muscular middle layer of the heart…
The fibrouse outer layer of the heart…
Endocardium, Myocardium, and Epicardium.
Endocardium
Myocardium
Epicardium
3 layers of the heart:
Endocardium, Myocardium, and Epicardium.
The endothelial inner layer lining of…
Endocardium
anatomy
stratum basale
stratum spinosum
stratum granulosum
stratum corneum
1
2
3
5
stratum basale
1
stratum spinosum
2
Anatomy
Orbicularis Oculi
Occipitofrontalis
Temporalis
Levator Labii Superioris
Action: Closes eye/ Insertion: Bridge of nose/ Origin: Fronta…
Action: wrinkles forehead, raises eyebrows.... Connected to: Galea
Action: Closes jaw and side to side movement... Origin: Temporal…
Action: Elevates upper lip
Orbicularis Oculi
Action: Closes eye/ Insertion: Bridge of nose/ Origin: Fronta…
Occipitofrontalis
Action: wrinkles forehead, raises eyebrows.... Connected to: Galea
101 terms
anatomy
keratinocytes
melanocytes
dendritic cell
Tactile cell (merkel cell)
produce keratin (gives skin strength and flexibility, protect…
protein, produce melanin, protect nucleus from UV,
ingest foreign materials and interact with immune system so i…
interaction between skin and nervous system, it is a cup stru…
keratinocytes
produce keratin (gives skin strength and flexibility, protect…
melanocytes
protein, produce melanin, protect nucleus from UV,
Anatomy
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gall bladder
Semi fluid mass of partially digested food that passes from t…
Alimentary canal
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
Amylase
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
Anatomy
Medial
Lateral
Intermediate
Proximal
toward or at the midline of the body on the inner side of.
Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of.
Between a more medial and a more lateral structure.
Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachm…
Medial
toward or at the midline of the body on the inner side of.
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of.
Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Pathology
Homeostasis
structure of the body parts and their relationship to one ano…
the study of the functions of the organs and how body parts w…
the science of diseases and disharmony
a state of equilibrium; systems work together to maintain hem…
Anatomy
structure of the body parts and their relationship to one ano…
Physiology
the study of the functions of the organs and how body parts w…
Anatomy
Gastrocnemius
Patellar Ligament
Rectus Femoris
Semitendinosus
Gastrocnemius
Patellar Ligament
97 terms
Anatomy
Frontal Bone
Supraorbital Foramen
Superciliary Arch
Parietal Bone
Frontal Bone
Supraorbital Foramen
56 terms
Anatomy
Trapezius
Latissimus Dorsi
Levator Scapulae
Rhomboid Major
O: ... 1. medial 1/3rd of the superior nuchal line of the occipi…
O:... 1. T6-12 spinous processes... 2. inferior thoracolumbar fasci…
O:... 1. C1-4 transverse processes... I:... medial border of the scap…
O:... T2 - 5 spinous processes and supraspinous ligaments... I:... me…
Trapezius
O: ... 1. medial 1/3rd of the superior nuchal line of the occipi…
Latissimus Dorsi
O:... 1. T6-12 spinous processes... 2. inferior thoracolumbar fasci…
32 terms
anatomy
nucleous
rough ER
Smooth ER
cytoplasm
double-membraned, spherical envelope containing DNA strands.…
receives and transports synthesized proteins
synthesizes lipids and certain carbohydrates
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleous
double-membraned, spherical envelope containing DNA strands.…
rough ER
receives and transports synthesized proteins
200 terms
anatomy
we sit on
we put hands on hips?
how many pairs of ribs?
how many vertebrae fuse to form sacrum?
ischium
illium
12
5
we sit on
ischium
we put hands on hips?
illium
66 terms
Anatomy
Cephalic
Cervical
Thoracic
Abdominal
region: head
region: neck region
region: chest
region: abdomen
Cephalic
region: head
Cervical
region: neck region
17 terms
Anatomy
Orbital Prefrontal Cortex
Medial Prefrontal Cortex
Mediodorsal Nucleus of Thalamus
Ventral Basal Ganglia
Orbital Prefrontal Cortex
Medial Prefrontal Cortex
Anatomy
Humerus
Scapula
Clavicle
Head of the humerus
Humerus
Scapula
40 terms
Anatomy
median
coronal, frontal
transverse, cross
lateral, sageral
middle line going straight down your body , vertical
line going through the body on the side dividing your body be…
line cutting through the body horizontally
in direction to the median, this is the farthest away
median
middle line going straight down your body , vertical
coronal, frontal
line going through the body on the side dividing your body be…
anatomy
What is anatomy?
Physiology
What are the Characteristics of life?…
Smallest to largest the levels of orga…
Cut apart
Study of function/movement
1. movement 2, responsiveness 3, growth 4. reproduction 5. re…
atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ…
What is anatomy?
Cut apart
Physiology
Study of function/movement
63 terms
Anatomy
The head of the femur articulates with…
The 7 tarsal bones
The talus articulates inferiorly with…
The cuboid bone is situated laterally…
acetabulum,
talus, calcaneus, cuboid, navicular, and three cuneiform bones.
...
...
The head of the femur articulates with…
acetabulum,
The 7 tarsal bones
talus, calcaneus, cuboid, navicular, and three cuneiform bones.
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