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Study sets matching "anatomy"

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Study sets matching "anatomy"

32 terms
anatomy
nucleous
rough ER
Smooth ER
cytoplasm
double-membraned, spherical envelope containing DNA strands.…
receives and transports synthesized proteins
synthesizes lipids and certain carbohydrates
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleous
double-membraned, spherical envelope containing DNA strands.…
rough ER
receives and transports synthesized proteins
36 terms
Anatomy
basal cell carcinoma
benign
blood(connective tissue)
bone(connective tissue)
are abnormal, uncontrolled growths or lesions that arise in t…
is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to o…
is composed of erythrocytes, which distribute oxygen througho…
contains three types of cells: osteoblasts, which deposit bon…
basal cell carcinoma
are abnormal, uncontrolled growths or lesions that arise in t…
benign
is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to o…
107 terms
Anatomy
Right Atrium
Left Atrium
Right Ventricle
Left Ventricle
Right Atrium
Left Atrium
16 terms
anatomy
ball & socket joint
hinge joint
saddle joint
gliding/plane
synovial joint capable of motion around an indefinite number…
joint in which the surfaces are molded to each other in such…
permits movements in all directions except axial rotation
synovial joint which, under physiological conditions, allows…
ball & socket joint
synovial joint capable of motion around an indefinite number…
hinge joint
joint in which the surfaces are molded to each other in such…
76 terms
Anatomy
sartorius
gracilis
rectus femoris
vastus medialis
Origin: Anterior superior iliac spin... Flexes, abducts, and la…
Adducts thigh at the hip and flexes leg at the knee; assists…
Origin: anterior inferior iliac spin... Extends the leg at the…
Extends leg at the knee; part of the quadriceps group... O: lin…
sartorius
Origin: Anterior superior iliac spin... Flexes, abducts, and la…
gracilis
Adducts thigh at the hip and flexes leg at the knee; assists…
63 terms
Anatomy
anterior longitudinal ligament
annulus fibrosus
anterior sacroiliac ligament
anterior superior iliac spine
Consists of strong, dense fibers, located inside the bodies o…
Band of fibrous fibrocartilage of which each intervertebral d…
fibrocartilage at the front of the sacrum, which joins it to…
area where the iliac crest terminates anteriorly
anterior longitudinal ligament
Consists of strong, dense fibers, located inside the bodies o…
annulus fibrosus
Band of fibrous fibrocartilage of which each intervertebral d…
992 terms
Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross anatomy
Microscopic anatomy
Structure: shape, size, location, relationship, other structu…
Function: looking for the function, function follows form
Structures that can be examined without a microscope
Deals with structures too small to be seen with the naked eye
Anatomy
Structure: shape, size, location, relationship, other structu…
Physiology
Function: looking for the function, function follows form
147 terms
Anatomy:
Anatomy
physiology
Anatomical terminology
Histology
the study of the structure of the man body
study of body function
Latin, Greek
body tissue
Anatomy
the study of the structure of the man body
physiology
study of body function
260 terms
Anatomy
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Organelles
Inclusions
All cellular material inside plasma membrane... -content betwee…
Liquid part of cytoplasm... -fluid portion of cytoplasm that co…
"Little Organs"... -Organized sub-cellular structures, with spe…
Solutes in the cytosol... -Things brought into cell from outsid…
Cytoplasm
All cellular material inside plasma membrane... -content betwee…
Cytosol
Liquid part of cytoplasm... -fluid portion of cytoplasm that co…
20 terms
Anatomy
Anatomical position
left and right
Anterior
Posterior
standing straight... palms facing foward... arms at side... feet toget…
from the anatomical position
front side of the body
back side of the body
Anatomical position
standing straight... palms facing foward... arms at side... feet toget…
left and right
from the anatomical position
21 terms
Anatomy
Liver
Stomach
Gallbladder
Large Intestines
Liver
Stomach
136 terms
Anatomy
Digestion
Absorption
Gastroenterology
Gastro
Break down of food into molecules small enough for cells to use
Passage of these molecules through cells into the blood
Deals with the structure, function, Diagnosis, and treatment…
Stomach
Digestion
Break down of food into molecules small enough for cells to use
Absorption
Passage of these molecules through cells into the blood
26 terms
Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
6 Levels of organization
Homeostasis
The structure of the body part.
The function of the body part.
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, system, organism. (First t…
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state.
Anatomy
The structure of the body part.
Physiology
The function of the body part.
120 terms
Anatomy
Abdomen
Adam's apple
Adrenal glands
Amniotic fluid
腹部
喉结 , (粤称喉'核')
肾上腺
羊水
Abdomen
腹部
Adam's apple
喉结 , (粤称喉'核')
338 terms
anatomy
anatomy
branches of anatomy
6 levels of organization
chemical level
the study of the structure of the body
embryology, developmental biology, cell biology, histology, g…
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, system, organismal
very basic includes atoms and molecules
anatomy
the study of the structure of the body
branches of anatomy
embryology, developmental biology, cell biology, histology, g…
95 terms
Anatomy
Superior Vena Cava
Inferior Vena Cava
Ascending Aorta
Aortic Arch
Superior Vena Cava
Inferior Vena Cava
67 terms
anatomy
skull/ cranium
maxilla/ facial bones
mandible
clavical
skull/ cranium
maxilla/ facial bones
54 terms
Anatomy
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle Tissue
Somatic System
covers the whole surface of the body. It is made up of cells…
Tissue that connects, supports, binds, or separates other tis…
is made of "excitable" cells that are capable of contraction.…
body walls and limbs ... skin, skeletal muscle, bones & joints (…
Epithelial tissue
covers the whole surface of the body. It is made up of cells…
Connective tissue
Tissue that connects, supports, binds, or separates other tis…
16 terms
Anatomy
superior
inferior
anterior
posterior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
toward or at the backside of the body; behind
superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
148 terms
anatomy
frontal bone
supraorbital foramen (notch)
Parietal bone
occipital bone
frontal bone
supraorbital foramen (notch)
25 terms
Anatomy
superior
inferior
medial
lateral
upwards
downwards
towards the middle
towards the sides
superior
upwards
inferior
downwards
77 terms
Anatomy
cervical vertebra
thoracic vertebra
lumbar vertebra
sacrum
neck
mid back
low back
just below dimples
cervical vertebra
neck
thoracic vertebra
mid back
8 terms
anatomy
simple squamous
simple cuboidal
simple columnar
pseudostratified ciliated columnar
loc: lungs and capillaries ... func: covers organs, lines cardio…
loc: kidney tubes and glands ... func: limited protection, secre…
loc: lining of stomach, intestine, gallbladder, uterine tubes…
loc: lining of nasal cavity, trachea, and bronchi; portions o…
simple squamous
loc: lungs and capillaries ... func: covers organs, lines cardio…
simple cuboidal
loc: kidney tubes and glands ... func: limited protection, secre…
66 terms
Anatomy
Calcaneal
Plantar
Sacral
Acromial
Heel area
Sole of the foot
Area at the base of the spine
Point of the shoulder
Calcaneal
Heel area
Plantar
Sole of the foot
25 terms
Anatomy
Superior
Inferior
Ventral
Dorsal
toward the head end or upper body regions
Lower part of the body, farther from the head
front of the body
back of the body
Superior
toward the head end or upper body regions
Inferior
Lower part of the body, farther from the head
8 terms
Anatomy
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) (L…
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Fibromyalgia (Fibrositis)
CAUSES: The cause is unknown.... SYMPTOM: Main symptom is muscle…
CAUSES: Inherited disorder of progressive muscular weakness,…
CAUSES: Due to abnormal brain development, often before birth…
CAUSES: Often accompanied by fatigue and altered sleep, memor…
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) (L…
CAUSES: The cause is unknown.... SYMPTOM: Main symptom is muscle…
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)
CAUSES: Inherited disorder of progressive muscular weakness,…
197 terms
Anatomy
Count all the vertebrae and identity t…
Count all the spinal nerves and the tw…
What vertebrae is this and why?... Label…
What facet is located transverse proce…
C1-C7... T1-T12... L1-L5... S1-S5... Coccyx... Atlas is C1... Axis is C2
C1 is above Atlas... C2 below atlas above axis... C3 below axis abo…
(transverse) Costal facet, superior
Count all the vertebrae and identity t…
C1-C7... T1-T12... L1-L5... S1-S5... Coccyx... Atlas is C1... Axis is C2
Count all the spinal nerves and the tw…
C1 is above Atlas... C2 below atlas above axis... C3 below axis abo…
Anatomy
What is the auditory system?
External Ear... It's 3 component's & fun…
Middle Ear... It's 4 components & function
Inner Ear... It's 4 components & function
Responsible for hearing, balancing, equilibrium, and communic…
1) Auricle - entrance for sound... 2) Auditory canal - links ex…
1) Malleus (hammer) - Transmits sound waves... 2) Incus (anvil)…
1) Labyrinth - Transmits audible sounds via nerve impulses... 2…
What is the auditory system?
Responsible for hearing, balancing, equilibrium, and communic…
External Ear... It's 3 component's & fun…
1) Auricle - entrance for sound... 2) Auditory canal - links ex…
32 terms
Anatomy
simple Squamous epithelium
stratified Squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
stratified cuboidal epithelium
simple Squamous epithelium
stratified Squamous epithelium
144 terms
Anatomy
Erector spinae
Scapula
Metacarpals
Pubic Bone
Prime mover, back. Extends back and supports spine
Shoulder Blade. Scapula
Hand bones. Metacarpals.
Pubis
Erector spinae
Prime mover, back. Extends back and supports spine
Scapula
Shoulder Blade. Scapula
274 terms
Anatomy
psudounipolar neurons found in
multipolar neurons found in
rootlets --> root --> spinal nerve -->…
cervical plexus
PNS (dorsal root)
CNS (muscle, ANS)
rami... (SPINAL NERVE IS ONLY THE SECTION INSIDE THE INTERVERTEB…
c1-c4... (c 3, 4 , 5 = diaphragm)
psudounipolar neurons found in
PNS (dorsal root)
multipolar neurons found in
CNS (muscle, ANS)
123 terms
Anatomy
muscles in the anterior leg compartment
tibialis anterior
extensor digitorum longus
extensor hallicus longus
tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor halluc…
action: dorsiflex ankle joint, invert foot.
dorsi-flex ankle joint; extend 2nd-5th toes.
dorsiflex ankle and extend hallux
muscles in the anterior leg compartment
tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor halluc…
tibialis anterior
action: dorsiflex ankle joint, invert foot.
92 terms
Anatomy
Sagittal plane
Transverse plane
Frontal plane
Ventral cavity
It divides the body into left and right
divides the body into superior and inferior parts
a vertical plane at right angles to a sagittal plane, dividin…
The ventral body cavity is a human body cavity that is in the…
Sagittal plane
It divides the body into left and right
Transverse plane
divides the body into superior and inferior parts
97 terms
anatomy
mandibular lymph node
median caudal tail, lateral auricular…
nasal conchae, nasal bone
avoid when giving injections, also mak…
which is more cranial, mandibular salivary gland or lymph nod…
What are veins use for venipuncture in the pigs
Atrophic rhinitis caused by pasteurell mulocida toxin affects…
what is the clinical significance
mandibular lymph node
which is more cranial, mandibular salivary gland or lymph nod…
median caudal tail, lateral auricular…
What are veins use for venipuncture in the pigs
41 terms
Anatomy
AV node
SA node
Heart block
Ectopic pacemaker
damage to AV node/AV bundle will cause this condition
when cells other than SA node takes over pacemaker function
AV node
SA node
Anatomy
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Psuedostratified Columnar Epithelium
Single layer of flattened cells with disc-shaped central nucl…
Single layer of cubelike cells with large, spherical central…
Single layer of tall cells with oval nuclei.... Location: Digest…
Single layer of cells of differing heights, some not reaching…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Single layer of flattened cells with disc-shaped central nucl…
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Single layer of cubelike cells with large, spherical central…
27 terms
anatomy
choroid coat
ciliary body
cochlea
conjuctiva
the vascular, pigmented middle layer of the wall of the eye
structure associated with with the choroid layer of the eye t…
portion of the inner ear that has hearing receptors
membranous covering on the anterior surface of the eye
choroid coat
the vascular, pigmented middle layer of the wall of the eye
ciliary body
structure associated with with the choroid layer of the eye t…
19 terms
Anatomy
Cranial
Caudal
Dorsal
Ventral
Towards the head
Towards the tail
Towards the back
Towards the belly
Cranial
Towards the head
Caudal
Towards the tail
153 terms
anatomy !! :
mitochondria
peroxisome
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
lysosome
makes ATP stronger through cellular respiration
similar to lysosomes but smaller... oxidize organic substances a…
phospholipid and carb synthesis site... detoxifies toxic substan…
digests worn out organelles (autophagy), own cells (autolysis…
mitochondria
makes ATP stronger through cellular respiration
peroxisome
similar to lysosomes but smaller... oxidize organic substances a…
10 terms
Anatomy
Serous Membranes
Parietal Serosa
Visceral Serosa
Serous Fluid
functions in protecting and lubricating organs
lines internal body walls
covers internal organs
separates the serosae
Serous Membranes
functions in protecting and lubricating organs
Parietal Serosa
lines internal body walls
13 terms
anatomy
4 types of tissues
simple squamous
stratified squamous
simple cuboidal
muscular, nervous, connective, epithelial
4 types of tissues
muscular, nervous, connective, epithelial
simple squamous
71 terms
Anatomy
NASAL BONES
JEJUNUM
EXCRETORY PHASE
CAUDA EQUINA
1. ?
2.?
What contrast phase?
At the level of L4-L5 #6?
NASAL BONES
1. ?
JEJUNUM
2.?
29 terms
Anatomy
ventral
dorsal
anterior
posterior
toward the front or belly - anterior
toward the back or spine
toward the ventral side
toward the dorsal side
ventral
toward the front or belly - anterior
dorsal
toward the back or spine
21 terms
Anatomy
Deltoid
internal intercostal
external intercostal
Bicep brachii
abducts the arm
depresses the rib
Elevates the rib
flexes the forearm/ elbow
Deltoid
abducts the arm
internal intercostal
depresses the rib
175 terms
ANATOMY/
intractable vomtting, senstaion tht th…
orbital floor fracture,
BBB, similar to the kidney glomerulus
Vomiting center, Lower medu
vertigo, inner ear... menier disease,... acoutstic neuromas, labyri…
upper lip, upper cheek, upper gingiva, supeiror gaze
what is the area postrema? where is it
intractable vomtting, senstaion tht th…
vertigo, inner ear... menier disease,... acoutstic neuromas, labyri…
orbital floor fracture,
upper lip, upper cheek, upper gingiva, supeiror gaze
29 terms
Anatomy
Truncus arteriosus comes from.. And wh…
Bulbus cordis gives rise to?
Primitive ventricle gives rise to
Primitive atrium gives rise to
Comes from Neural crest. Gives rise to Aorta, pulmonary trunk
Smooth part of RV (Conus arteriosus)... Smooth part of LV (Aorti…
Trabeculated part of RV... Trabeculated part of LV
Trabeculated part of RA (pectinate muscles)... Trabecuated part…
Truncus arteriosus comes from.. And wh…
Comes from Neural crest. Gives rise to Aorta, pulmonary trunk
Bulbus cordis gives rise to?
Smooth part of RV (Conus arteriosus)... Smooth part of LV (Aorti…
154 terms
Anatomy
Trapezius
Deltoid
Pectoralis major
Pectoralis minor
Triangular muscle. Extends over back and neck and shoulders.…
Prime mover of arm abduction.
Thick fan shaped muscle. Bulk of chest muscle.
Thin triangular muscle. Deep to Pectoralis Major.
Trapezius
Triangular muscle. Extends over back and neck and shoulders.…
Deltoid
Prime mover of arm abduction.
21 terms
Anatomy
Hyperextension
Extension
Flexion
Dorsiflexion
the excess extension of the parts of a joint beyond the anato…
strengthening parts at a joint so that the angle between them…
the bending parts at the joint so that the angle between them…
bending the foot at the ankle toward the shin
Hyperextension
the excess extension of the parts of a joint beyond the anato…
Extension
strengthening parts at a joint so that the angle between them…
35 terms
Anatomy
Dural venous sinuses
Carotid sheath
Carvenous sinus
Layers of tissue for a lumbar puncture
...
...
...
Dural venous sinuses
...
Carotid sheath
...
97 terms
Anatomy
Transverse Abdominus
Pectoralis Major
Pectoralis Minor
Antagonist
Deepes of Abdominal muscles; fibers run horizontally
A muscle that relaxes while the agonist contracts. Antagonist…
Transverse Abdominus
Deepes of Abdominal muscles; fibers run horizontally
Pectoralis Major
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