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Study sets matching "and cellular respiration harvesting"

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Study sets matching "and cellular respiration harvesting"

26 terms
Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
acetyl CoA
aerobic respiration
alcohol fermentation
anabolic pathway
the entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular resp…
a catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen and organic molecule…
glycolysis followed by the conversion of pyruvate to carbon d…
a metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
acetyl CoA
the entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular resp…
aerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen and organic molecule…
16 terms
Harvesting Energy: Glycolysis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Glucose
Overview of Glucose Breakdown
Glycolysis
»Photosynthetic organisms capture the energy of sunlight and…
»Glucose is a key energy storing molecule:... -Nearly all cells…
»The overall equation for the complete breakdown of glucose i…
»Occurs in the cytosol... »Does not require oxygen... »Breaks gluco…
Photosynthesis
»Photosynthetic organisms capture the energy of sunlight and…
Glucose
»Glucose is a key energy storing molecule:... -Nearly all cells…
54 terms
Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
Define Reduction
Define oxidation
Oxidation reduction reaction's
Nicatinamide Adenine Dinucleotide NADH
Gain of electrons
Lose of electrons
Redox rxn transfer of electrons to electronegative substance…
Coenzyme and energy electron carrier
Define Reduction
Gain of electrons
Define oxidation
Lose of electrons
15 terms
Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
Catabolic Pathways and Production of ATP
Redox Reactions: Oxidation and Reduction
The Stages of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis Harvests Chemical Energy by…
To keep working, a cell must regenerate ATP it uses. The brea…
The cell taps the energy stored in food molecules through red…
Glycolysis and the citric acid cycle supply electrons (via NA…
Glucose (6 carbon sugar) gets split (3 carbon sugar). These s…
Catabolic Pathways and Production of ATP
To keep working, a cell must regenerate ATP it uses. The brea…
Redox Reactions: Oxidation and Reduction
The cell taps the energy stored in food molecules through red…
14 terms
Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
Where does the original source of ener…
Where does photosynthesis occur?
What is photosynthesis?
Autotrophs...
sun
It occurs in plants; specifically in the chlorophyll that is…
Photosynthesis is a process in which energy is taken from the…
1. make own food (plants)... 2. take inorganic reactants and tur…
Where does the original source of ener…
sun
Where does photosynthesis occur?
It occurs in plants; specifically in the chlorophyll that is…
10 terms
Harvesting Energy Glycolysis & Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
relating to, involving, or requiring free oxygen
relating to, involving, or requiring an absence of free oxygen.
is what cells do to break up sugars into a form that the cell…
is a series of compounds that transfer electrons from electro…
Aerobic
relating to, involving, or requiring free oxygen
Anaerobic
relating to, involving, or requiring an absence of free oxygen.
26 terms
Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
acetyl CoA
aerobic respiration
alcohol fermentation
anabolic pathway
the entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular resp…
a catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen and organic molecule…
glycolysis followed by the conversion of pyruvate to carbon d…
a metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
acetyl CoA
the entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular resp…
aerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen and organic molecule…
16 terms
Harvesting Energy: Glycolysis and Cellular Respiration
adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
aerobic
alcoholic fermentation
a molecule composed of sugar ribose, the base adenine, and tw…
a molecule composed of the sugar ribose, the base adenine, an…
using oxygen
a type of fermentation in which pyruvate is converted to etha…
adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
a molecule composed of sugar ribose, the base adenine, and tw…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
a molecule composed of the sugar ribose, the base adenine, an…
14 terms
Cellular respiration: harvesting chemical energy
Energy enters most ecosystems as _____…
Photosynthesis generates ________ and…
Cells harvest the chemical energy stor…
Cells cannot use the energy from gluco…
sunlight, heat
Oxygen, cellular respiration
organic molecules
The breakdown of glucose is exergonic, having a free-energy r…
Energy enters most ecosystems as _____…
sunlight, heat
Photosynthesis generates ________ and…
Oxygen, cellular respiration
10 terms
Cellular Respiration: Aerobic Harvesting of Energy
Cellular Respiration
Energy Lost in Cellular Respiration
ATP
Kilocalorie
Exergonic, transfers energy from glucose bonds, creates up to…
34% ATP, 66% heat
Energy used for most of cellular work. Continuous process in…
Quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one kil…
Cellular Respiration
Exergonic, transfers energy from glucose bonds, creates up to…
Energy Lost in Cellular Respiration
34% ATP, 66% heat
33 terms
Cellular Respiration: Aerobic Harvesting of Energy
C6H12O6 (glucose) + 602 is converted too
how do cells extract energy from gluco…
what happens during cellular respirati…
___ attracts electrons very strongly
6CO2 (carbon dioxide) + 6H2O (water) + ATP + Heat
involves the transfer of electrons during chemical reactions
electrons are transferred from glucose to oxygen and energy i…
oxygen
C6H12O6 (glucose) + 602 is converted too
6CO2 (carbon dioxide) + 6H2O (water) + ATP + Heat
how do cells extract energy from gluco…
involves the transfer of electrons during chemical reactions
10 terms
Cellular respiration: principles of energy harvest
catabolic pathways
cellular respiration
fermentation
more efficient of energy harvest
complex-->simple
complete breakdown of organic molecules using O2
partial breakdown of sugar without using O2
cellular respiration
catabolic pathways
complex-->simple
cellular respiration
complete breakdown of organic molecules using O2
11 terms
Chapter 8-Harvesting Energy: Glycolysis and Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Alcoholic Fermentation
Anaerobic
Cellular Respiration
Process that requires oxygen
the anaerobic process by which yeasts and other microorganism…
Process that does not require oxygen
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
Aerobic
Process that requires oxygen
Alcoholic Fermentation
the anaerobic process by which yeasts and other microorganism…
21 terms
(Chapter 9) Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
Energy flows into an ecosystem as ____…
Exergonic
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Light; Heat
Breakdown of organic molecules
Partial degradation of sugars that occurs without O2
Consumes organic molecules and O2 and yields ATP
Energy flows into an ecosystem as ____…
Light; Heat
Exergonic
Breakdown of organic molecules
12 terms
Short Answers: Cellular Respiration - Harvesting Chemical Energy
Catabolic Reaction
Anabolic Reaction
Glycolysis (yield)
Formation of Acetyl CoA (yield)
Transfer energy from complex molecules to ATP
Transfer energy from ATP to complex molecules
2 ATP, 2 NADH, 2 pyruvate
2 CO2, 2 NADH, 2 Acetyl CoA
Catabolic Reaction
Transfer energy from complex molecules to ATP
Anabolic Reaction
Transfer energy from ATP to complex molecules
14 terms
Unit 9: Energy Harvest-Cellular Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
glycolysis
matrix
requires oxygen
does NOT require oxygen
splitting glucose
the space inside the inner mitochondrial membrane
aerobic
requires oxygen
anaerobic
does NOT require oxygen
13 terms
8: Harvesting Energy: Gylcolysis and Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Alcoholic Fermentation
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
Using oxygen
A type of fermentation in which pyruvate is converted to etha…
The oxygen-requiring reactions, occurring in mitochondria, th…
A series of electron carrier molecules, found in the thylakoi…
Aerobic
Using oxygen
Alcoholic Fermentation
A type of fermentation in which pyruvate is converted to etha…
38 terms
Ch 8 Harvesting Energy: Glycolysis and Cellular Respiration
ATP
photosynthesizers
ATP
anaerobic pathway
what is the universal energy source?
what gets energy directly from the sun?
in plants /animals, energy received 2nd or 3rd hand from plan…
evolved first, does not require oxygen, starts with glycolysi…
ATP
what is the universal energy source?
photosynthesizers
what gets energy directly from the sun?
53 terms
Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
What is the term for metabolic pathway…
The molecule that functions as the red…
When electrons move closer to a more e…
Which of the following statements desc…
catabolic pathways
loses electrons and loses energy.
Energy is released and the more electronegative atom is reduc…
C6H12O6 is oxidized and O2 is reduced.
What is the term for metabolic pathway…
catabolic pathways
The molecule that functions as the red…
loses electrons and loses energy.
14 terms
Chapter 8: Harvesting Energy--Glycolysis and Cellular Respiration
glycolysis
NADH
cellular respiration
mitochondria
splits a six-carbon glucose molecule into two molecules of py…
produced by NAD+ and allows glucose to be broken down
the second process in glucose breakdown in most organisms, if…
organelle that is considered to be the "powerhouse of the cel…
glycolysis
splits a six-carbon glucose molecule into two molecules of py…
NADH
produced by NAD+ and allows glucose to be broken down
15 terms
Chapter Eight: Harvesting Energy: Glycolysis and Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Alcoholic Fermentation
Anaerobic
Cellular Respiration
using oxygen
type of fermentation in which pyruvate is converted to ethano…
not using oxygen
the aerobic reactions, occurring in the mitochondria, that br…
Aerobic
using oxygen
Alcoholic Fermentation
type of fermentation in which pyruvate is converted to ethano…
24 terms
Chapter 9- Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
Acetyl CoA
Aerobic Respiration
Alcohol Fermentation
Anaerobic Respiration
Acetyl coenzyme A; the entry compound for the citric acid cyc…
A catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen and organic molecule…
Glyclysis followed by the conversion of pyruvae to carbon dio…
The use of inorganic molecules other than oxygen to accept el…
Acetyl CoA
Acetyl coenzyme A; the entry compound for the citric acid cyc…
Aerobic Respiration
A catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen and organic molecule…
48 terms
Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration-Harvesting Chemical Energy
to break down glucose to release its e…
aerobic cellular repsiration
C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 +6H2O
1. glycolysis... 2. citric acid cycle/kre…
what is the goal of the catabolic reactions of glucose metabo…
a catabolic pathway that requires oxygen, breaks down glucose…
net rxn of aerobic cellular respiration
overview of aerobic cellular respiration
to break down glucose to release its e…
what is the goal of the catabolic reactions of glucose metabo…
aerobic cellular repsiration
a catabolic pathway that requires oxygen, breaks down glucose…
11 terms
Ch. 8 Harvesting Energy: Glycolysis and Cellular Respiration
Chemical equation for complete glucose…
Where in the mitochondria does glycoly…
What does glycolysis stand for and wha…
What are the initial reactants and pro…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP energy + heat
...
...
...
Chemical equation for complete glucose…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP energy + heat
Where in the mitochondria does glycoly…
...
19 terms
Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
Fermentation and cellular respiration
Give the formula for the catabolic deg…
What is the difference between oxidati…
In cellular respiration, electrons are…
Fermentation - a partial degradation of sugars that occurs wi…
Organic compounds + oxygen -> carbon dioxide + water + energy
oxidation - The loss of electrons from one subdstance... Reducti…
NAD+
Fermentation and cellular respiration
Fermentation - a partial degradation of sugars that occurs wi…
Give the formula for the catabolic deg…
Organic compounds + oxygen -> carbon dioxide + water + energy
21 terms
Chapter 8 harvesting energy: glycolysis and cellular respiration
Glycolysis
NAD+
NADH
cellular respiration
splits 6 carbon glucose molecule into two molecules of pyruvate
electron carrier
two high energy electrons and a hydrogen ion are added to the…
in most organisms, if oxygen is available, the second process…
Glycolysis
splits 6 carbon glucose molecule into two molecules of pyruvate
NAD+
electron carrier
22 terms
Ch.9: Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
Fermentation
Aerobic respiration
Cellular respiration
Redox reactions
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
a catabolic pathway that that consumes oxygen and organic mol…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
chemical reactions involving the complete of partial transfer…
Fermentation
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
Aerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway that that consumes oxygen and organic mol…
14 terms
Ch.9- Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
aerobic respiration
Glycolysis (step 1)... -Glucose--->Pyruva…
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
Respiration that requires oxygen
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
Respiration that does not require oxygen
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
aerobic respiration
Respiration that requires oxygen
Glycolysis (step 1)... -Glucose--->Pyruva…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
14 terms
Ch.9- Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
aerobic respiration
Glycolysis (step 1)... -Glucose--->Pyruva…
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
Respiration that requires oxygen
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
Respiration that does not require oxygen
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
aerobic respiration
Respiration that requires oxygen
Glycolysis (step 1)... -Glucose--->Pyruva…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
What is the term for metabolic pathway…
The molecule that functions as the red…
When electrons move closer to a more e…
Which of the following statements desc…
catabolic pathways
loses electrons and loses energy.
Energy is released and the more electronegative atom is reduc…
C6H12O6 is oxidized and O2 is reduced.
What is the term for metabolic pathway…
catabolic pathways
The molecule that functions as the red…
loses electrons and loses energy.
104 terms
Chapter 9 - Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
What is the term for metabolic pathway…
What is the term used for the metaboli…
Which of the following statements conc…
Which of the following statements is (…
B
A
E
E
What is the term for metabolic pathway…
B
What is the term used for the metaboli…
A
25 terms
Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration (Harvesting Chemical Energy)
Fermentation
Cellular Respiration
Redox Reactions
Oxidation
...
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
A chemical reaction involving the transfer of one or more ele…
The loss of electrons
Fermentation
...
Cellular Respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
24 terms
Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
acetylcholine (ACh)
aerobic
alcohol fermentation
anaerobic
...
...
...
...
acetylcholine (ACh)
...
aerobic
...
23 terms
09: Cellular Respiration (Harvesting Chemical Energy)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
redox reactions
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant…
includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes technically; of…
the transfer of one or more electrons from one reactant to an…
fermentation
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
aerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant…
29 terms
Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration- Harvesting Chemical Energy
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Photosynthesis
the collection of metabolic reactions within cells that break…
form of cellular respiration when oxygen is a reactant in the…
form of cellular respiration when other than oxygen, such as…
the process in which light energy is captured and used to spl…
Cellular Respiration
the collection of metabolic reactions within cells that break…
Aerobic Respiration
form of cellular respiration when oxygen is a reactant in the…
24 terms
Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
fermentation
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
redox reaction
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
a catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen and organic molecule…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
fermentation
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
aerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen and organic molecule…
30 terms
Chapter 8: Harvesting Energy; Gylcolysis and Cellular Respiration
What do cells metabolize for energy at…
What do plants use to store the energy…
When Glucose is metabolized what is pr…
The chemical equations for glucose for…
They metabolize Glucose.
Photosynthesis
ATP is produced.
...
What do cells metabolize for energy at…
They metabolize Glucose.
What do plants use to store the energy…
Photosynthesis
26 terms
ch 9: cellular respiration: harvesting chemical energy
aerobic cellular respiration:
anaerobic respiration:
3 stages of aerobic respiration:
glycolysis:
series of biochemical reactions that requires oxygen and thro…
produce ATP without using oxygen in reactions
glycolysis, krebs cycle, and electron transport phosphorylati…
the 1st stage of both aerobic and anaerobic respiration in wh…
aerobic cellular respiration:
series of biochemical reactions that requires oxygen and thro…
anaerobic respiration:
produce ATP without using oxygen in reactions
35 terms
Chapter 9- Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
Fermentation
Anaerobic respiration
Cellular respiration
Aerobic Respiration
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant…
Fermentation
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
Anaerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
18 terms
Chapter 8 Harvesting Energy: Glycolysis and Cellular Respiration (terms/pics)
glycolysis
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)
NADH
energy investment stage
glyco meaning "sweet"--lysis meaning "to split apart"--splits…
a carrier molecule whose job is to accept and hold 2 high ene…
additional energy is stored when two high-energy electrons an…
first stage of glycolysis when the energy of two ATP molecule…
glycolysis
glyco meaning "sweet"--lysis meaning "to split apart"--splits…
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)
a carrier molecule whose job is to accept and hold 2 high ene…
25 terms
Harvesting Energy: Glycolysis & Cellular Respiration (CH 8)
glucose
glycolysis & cellular respiration
glycolysis
fermentation
Photosynthetic organisms capture the energy of sunlight and s…
2 main stages of glucose metabolism:
occurs in the cytosol... does not require oxygen (anaerobic)... glu…
If no oxygen present, _____ occurs.
glucose
Photosynthetic organisms capture the energy of sunlight and s…
glycolysis & cellular respiration
2 main stages of glucose metabolism:
104 terms
Chapter 9 - Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
What is the term for metabolic pathway…
What is the term used for the metaboli…
Which of the following statements conc…
Which of the following statements is (…
B
A
E
E
What is the term for metabolic pathway…
B
What is the term used for the metaboli…
A
25 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
partially breaks down sugars without oxygen, produces alcohol…
consumes organic molecules and oxygen to yield ATP
consumes compounds other than oxygen to produce ATP
when organic molecules are broken down to produce ATP- includ…
fermentation
partially breaks down sugars without oxygen, produces alcohol…
aerobic respiration
consumes organic molecules and oxygen to yield ATP
Ch. 6 Cellular Respiration: Aerobic Harvesting of Energy
Oxygen is a reactant in cellular respi…
Brown fat has a "Short circuit" in its…
life requires...
in almost all ecosystems, energy ultim…
ATP, the energy currency in cells , and heat
Brown fat is important for heat production in small mammals,…
energy
the sun
Oxygen is a reactant in cellular respi…
ATP, the energy currency in cells , and heat
Brown fat has a "Short circuit" in its…
Brown fat is important for heat production in small mammals,…
25 terms
Harvesting Chemical Energy Through Cellular Respiration
Energy
generates, requires
Adenosine Triphosphate
Adenosine Diphosphate
Many processes in your body will not occur spontaneously, the…
Human body will undertake a reaction that ________ energy (re…
ATP
ADP
Energy
Many processes in your body will not occur spontaneously, the…
generates, requires
Human body will undertake a reaction that ________ energy (re…
21 terms
Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
the most prevalent and efficient catabolic pathway for the pr…
a chemical reaction involving the transfer of one or more ele…
the loss of electrons from a substance involved in a redox re…
fermentation
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
cellular respiration
the most prevalent and efficient catabolic pathway for the pr…
24 terms
Chapter 9 - Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
Acetyl CoA
Aerobic
Alcohol Fermentation
Anaerobic
Acetyl coenzyme A: The entry compound for the citric acid cyc…
A catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen.
Glycolysis followed by the conversion of pyruvate to carbon d…
Uses organic molecules other than oxygen.
Acetyl CoA
Acetyl coenzyme A: The entry compound for the citric acid cyc…
Aerobic
A catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen.
54 terms
Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration - Harvesting Chemical Energy
Fermentation
Cellular Respiration
Redox Reaction (oxidation-reduction re…
Oxidation
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
the most prevalent and efficient catabolic pathway for the pr…
a chemical reaction involving the transfer of one or more ele…
the loss of electrons from a substance involved in a redox re…
Fermentation
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
Cellular Respiration
the most prevalent and efficient catabolic pathway for the pr…
24 terms
Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Redox Reaction
One type of catabolic process that leads to the partial degra…
Catabolic process that consumes oxygen as a reactant to compl…
Technically includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes, bu…
Reactions that results in the transfer of one or more electro…
Fermentation
One type of catabolic process that leads to the partial degra…
Aerobic Respiration
Catabolic process that consumes oxygen as a reactant to compl…
53 terms
Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy
What is the term for metabolic pathway…
The molecule that functions as the red…
When electrons move closer to a more e…
Which of the following statements desc…
catabolic pathways
loses electrons and loses energy.
Energy is released and the more electronegative atom is reduc…
C6H12O6 is oxidized and O2 is reduced.
What is the term for metabolic pathway…
catabolic pathways
The molecule that functions as the red…
loses electrons and loses energy.
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