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Study sets matching "and earth science chapter 18"

40 terms
Chapter 18 vocab Earth Science
Air pressure
aneroid barometer
anticyclone
Barograph
the force exerted by the weight of a column of air above a gi…
an instrument for measuring air pressure that consists of eva…
a high-pressure center characterized by a clockwise flow of a…
a recording barometer
Air pressure
the force exerted by the weight of a column of air above a gi…
aneroid barometer
an instrument for measuring air pressure that consists of eva…
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
Knowledge of Earth and moon has grown…
Earths shape is
The sun is not at the center of earths…
How long is a earth day?
Since the invention of spacecraft
Spherical
The distance from earth to the sun changes as earth revolves
24 hours
Knowledge of Earth and moon has grown…
Since the invention of spacecraft
Earths shape is
Spherical
51 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
The most important gas in atmospheric…
Opposite change of state for condensat…
freezing
deposition
water vapor
evaporation
melting
sublimation
The most important gas in atmospheric…
water vapor
Opposite change of state for condensat…
evaporation
45 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
sea
echo sounding
continental shelf
continental slope
a large body of salt water partially or nearly completely enc…
a form of sonar used to measure ocean depths
the submerged edge of a continent extending from the coastlin…
the relatively steep drop-off from the continental shelf to i…
sea
a large body of salt water partially or nearly completely enc…
echo sounding
a form of sonar used to measure ocean depths
57 terms
Earth Science chapter 18
is any form of water that falls from a…
when it comes to understanding atmosph…
The three states of matter are
the process of changing state requires…
Precipitation
water vapor
solid liquid and gas
energy, released
is any form of water that falls from a…
Precipitation
when it comes to understanding atmosph…
water vapor
22 terms
earth science chapter 18 vocab
precipitation
latant leat
evaporation
condensation
any form of water that falls from a cloud
the energy absorbed or released during a change in state
the process of converting a liquid to a gas
the change of state from a gas to a liquid
precipitation
any form of water that falls from a cloud
latant leat
the energy absorbed or released during a change in state
Earth Science Chapter 18
Any form of water that falls from a cl…
What percent of the atmosphere is wate…
What is the most important gas in rega…
General term for the amount of water v…
Precipitation
0-4%
Water vapor
Humidity
Any form of water that falls from a cl…
Precipitation
What percent of the atmosphere is wate…
0-4%
20 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science
What would happen to the Psychrometer…
What percentage of the atmosphere is m…
Difference between humidity and relati…
Heat released during condensation is c…
Water evaporates from the wick, and the heat absorbed by the…
4%
Humidity is a general term for the amount of water vapor in a…
latent
What would happen to the Psychrometer…
Water evaporates from the wick, and the heat absorbed by the…
What percentage of the atmosphere is m…
4%
27 terms
Chapter 18 Vocab Earth Science
Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaporation
Condensation
rain, snow, sleet, hail, that falls to the ground.
energy released or absorbed, by a body or a thermodynamic sys…
type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface…
is the change of water from its gaseous form (water vapor) in…
Precipitation
rain, snow, sleet, hail, that falls to the ground.
Latent Heat
energy released or absorbed, by a body or a thermodynamic sys…
44 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Volcanism
volcanism
volcano
effusive eruption
explosive eruption
proccesses of volcanic eruption and associated lava flow, lav…
a vent throught which magma reaches Earth's surface, or an ed…
lava is coherent and flows
lava is fragmented
volcanism
proccesses of volcanic eruption and associated lava flow, lav…
volcano
a vent throught which magma reaches Earth's surface, or an ed…
48 terms
Chapter 18 earth science
18.1
Precipitation
Water makes up what percent of the atm…
Humidity
...
any form of water that falls from a cloud
0-4%
General term for the... amount of water vapor in the air
18.1
...
Precipitation
any form of water that falls from a cloud
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
11 terms
earth science chapter 18
what would happen to psychrometer if y…
what percentage of the atmosphere is m…
amount of water vapor in the air
ratio of the the air's actual water va…
measures humidity
(i think its) 4%
humidity
relative humidity
what would happen to psychrometer if y…
measures humidity
what percentage of the atmosphere is m…
(i think its) 4%
27 terms
Earth Science 9 - Chapter 18 Ecosystems and Human Populations
abiotic factor
biotic factor
carnivore
community
nonliving feature of an ecosystem, such as space, air, or water
living feature of an ecosystem, such as a plant or an animal
type of consumer that eats only animals
all the populations of all the species in a particular ecosys…
abiotic factor
nonliving feature of an ecosystem, such as space, air, or water
biotic factor
living feature of an ecosystem, such as a plant or an animal
11 terms
earth science chapter 18
what would happen to psychrometer if y…
what percentage of the atmosphere is m…
amount of water vapor in the air
ratio of the the air's actual water va…
measures relative humidity and dew point
(i think its) 4%
humidity
relative humidity
what would happen to psychrometer if y…
measures relative humidity and dew point
what percentage of the atmosphere is m…
(i think its) 4%
25 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
Viscosity
Pluton
Caldera
Tephra
A liquid's resistance to flow
Intrusive Igneous rocks
A large crater
Bits of rock or solidified lava dropped from the air during a…
Viscosity
A liquid's resistance to flow
Pluton
Intrusive Igneous rocks
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Key Terms
Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaporation
Condensation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state
The process of converting a liquid to a gas
The change in state from a gas to a liquid
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud
Latent Heat
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state
49 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 18
Wind carries two things for erosion:
What is sand?
What is dust?
Ways that wind moves sand and dust:
1) Sand; 2) Dust
loose fragments of weathered rocks and minerals... Quartz, mica,…
particles smaller than the smallest sand grain... Microscopic fr…
1) surface creep... 2) Saltation... 3) dust particles are light and…
Wind carries two things for erosion:
1) Sand; 2) Dust
What is sand?
loose fragments of weathered rocks and minerals... Quartz, mica,…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocabualry
Caldera
Cinder Cone
Composite Volcano
Conduit
Large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
Generally cone-shaped with concave slopes; built by violent e…
A tubelike structure that allows lava to reach the surface.
Caldera
Large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Cinder Cone
Steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
What are four purposes for our atmosph…
In the book of Genesis, how is the atm…
The atmosphere can be studied by divid…
Oxygen is ? percent of the atmosphere,…
1. Oxygen to breathe... 2. Pressure for our body... 3. Protects fro…
-Firmament... -water
composition and temperature
21... 78... 1... radon hydrogen helium
What are four purposes for our atmosph…
1. Oxygen to breathe... 2. Pressure for our body... 3. Protects fro…
In the book of Genesis, how is the atm…
-Firmament... -water
9 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
The barometer. What is the meaning of…
What are isobars?
What is wind? What causes it?
Geostrophic winds and jet streams.
1. Rising Barometer - Needle moving to a higher number (Highe…
Shows areas of equal pressure.
Air flowing horizontally with respect to Earth's surface. It…
1. Geostrophic winds - Generally blow parallel to isobars... 2.…
The barometer. What is the meaning of…
1. Rising Barometer - Needle moving to a higher number (Highe…
What are isobars?
Shows areas of equal pressure.
11 terms
Chapter 18 Vocabulary (Earth Science)
Viscosity
Pluton
Vent
Crater
A substance's internal resistance to flow
Intrusive igneous rock bodies, including batholiths, stocks,…
Opening in Earth's crust through which lava erupts and flows…
Bowl-shaped, depression, usually less than 1 km in diameter,…
Viscosity
A substance's internal resistance to flow
Pluton
Intrusive igneous rock bodies, including batholiths, stocks,…
40 terms
Earth Science (Chapter 18)
shaped as crescent with an opening tha…
shaped as a straight ridge that forms…
shaped as a straight ridge that forms…
shaped as a crescent with an opening t…
parabolic dune
transverse dune
longitudinal dune
barchan dune
shaped as crescent with an opening tha…
parabolic dune
shaped as a straight ridge that forms…
transverse dune
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
What clouds are thick, puffy masses of…
What clouds are high feathery and made…
What clouds are dark, gray, rain clouds?
What is necessary for condensation to…
Stratocumulus
Cirrostratus
Nimbostratus
air has to be saturated, and cool past the point of saturation
What clouds are thick, puffy masses of…
Stratocumulus
What clouds are high feathery and made…
Cirrostratus
39 terms
Earth science chapter 18
what clouds are thick puffy masses of…
which clouds are high feathery and mad…
which clouds are dark grey and rain cl…
what is necessary for condensation to…
cumulus
cirrus
nimbus or nimbo
air cools past the point of saturation
what clouds are thick puffy masses of…
cumulus
which clouds are high feathery and mad…
cirrus
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
What is magma composed of?
How does pressure affect melting tempe…
What is a hot spot?
Does more silica cause the viscosity t…
A mixture of molten rock, suspended mineral grains, and disso…
Pressure increases with depth because of the weight of overly…
Unusually hot regions of Earth's mantle where high-temperatur…
Increase
What is magma composed of?
A mixture of molten rock, suspended mineral grains, and disso…
How does pressure affect melting tempe…
Pressure increases with depth because of the weight of overly…
26 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science
What is Precipitation?
When it comes to understand atmospheri…
The three states of matter are what?
the process of changing state requires…
any form of water that falls from a cloud
water vapor
solid, liquid, and gas.
that Energy be absorbed or Released
What is Precipitation?
any form of water that falls from a cloud
When it comes to understand atmospheri…
water vapor
21 terms
Science Chapter 18 Earth Science
Light Year
Optical telescope
Refracting telescope
Reflecting telescope
Light travels in 1 year
Most common type of telescope can see at most 3,000 in the ni…
Disadvantages-images can not be perfectly focused... -the bigger…
Advantages-gathers more light- can't see flaws-collects all c…
Light Year
Light travels in 1 year
Optical telescope
Most common type of telescope can see at most 3,000 in the ni…
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocab
Alphine Glacier
Arête
Basal Slip
Cirque
A glacier found in a valley in the mountains
A divide between 2 cirques that formed next to each other on…
The movement or speed of a glacier on its bed
A semicircular basin found at the head of a glacial valley fo…
Alphine Glacier
A glacier found in a valley in the mountains
Arête
A divide between 2 cirques that formed next to each other on…
16 terms
Glencoe Science Earth Science Chapter 18 Volcanic Activity
viscosity
pluton
batholith
stock*
a substance's internal resistance to flow
intrusive igneous rock bodies, including batholiths, stocks,…
coarse-grained, irregularly shaped, igneous rock mass that co…
irregularly shaped pluton that is similar to a batholith but…
viscosity
a substance's internal resistance to flow
pluton
intrusive igneous rock bodies, including batholiths, stocks,…
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
Glencoe Earth Science, Chapter 18
viscosity
batholith
dike
laccolith
a substance's internal resistance to flow
coarse- grained, irregularly shaped, igneous rock mass that c…
Pluton that cut across preexisting rocks and often forms when…
relatively small, mushroom-shaped pluton that forms when magm…
viscosity
a substance's internal resistance to flow
batholith
coarse- grained, irregularly shaped, igneous rock mass that c…
53 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 18
stars seem to twinkle because of
a large modern astronomical telescope
advantages of large reflecting telesco…
advantages of a telescope in a spacecr…
turbulent movements in the earths atmosphere
uses a number of smaller mirrors
to better resolve objects close together in the sky, gather m…
less cost
stars seem to twinkle because of
turbulent movements in the earths atmosphere
a large modern astronomical telescope
uses a number of smaller mirrors
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocab
Cirrus
Condensation
Condensation level
Condensation nuclei
High-altitude clouds that are thin, feathery tufts of ice cry…
gas to liquid
The altitude at which water vapor begins to condense.
Microscopic particles on which water vapor condenses to form…
Cirrus
High-altitude clouds that are thin, feathery tufts of ice cry…
Condensation
gas to liquid
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 vocabulary
Caldera
Cinder cone
Composite Volcano
Conduit
large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
generally cone-shaped with concave slopes; built by violent e…
a tubelike structure that allows lava to reach the surface.
Caldera
large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Cinder cone
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
22 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Moisture, Clouds, and Precipitation
Precipitation
Latent heat
Evaporation
Condensation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
The process of converting a liquid to a gas.
he change of state from a gas to a liquid.
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
Latent heat
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
24 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 18
precipitation
latent heat
evaporation
condensation
the action or process of precipitating a substance from a sol…
the heat required to convert a solid into a liquid or vapor,…
the process of a substance in a liquid state changing to a ga…
water that collects as droplets on a cold surface when humid…
precipitation
the action or process of precipitating a substance from a sol…
latent heat
the heat required to convert a solid into a liquid or vapor,…
42 terms
Earth science Chapter 18 Notes
Atmosphere
Troposphere
Ozone layer
Ionosphere
The envelope of gases that surround our planet
called the weather layer
located in the stratosphere
part of the thermosphere
Atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surround our planet
Troposphere
called the weather layer
50 terms
Chapter 18 Earth and Space Science
Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaporation
Condensation
Any form of water that falls from the sky.
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
The process of converting a liquid to a gas. Latent heat is a…
The process of converting a gas to a liquid. Latent heat is r…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from the sky.
Latent Heat
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
Earth Science: Chapter 18.3
Clouds are classified based on ____
Cirrus
Cumulus
Stratus
Form
High clouds made of ice crystals, feathery
Rising individual cloud masses with flat bases, rounded
Layered clouds that cover the entire sky, horizontal
Clouds are classified based on ____
Form
Cirrus
High clouds made of ice crystals, feathery
13 terms
Earth science Chapter 18 (Holt)
Constellation
month
year
Light Year
A region of the sky that contains a recognizable star pattern…
The amount of time the moon takes to orbit the earth once is…
The time earth takes to orbit the sun once is a(n)__________.
The unit of length equal to about 9.46 trillion kilometers.
Constellation
A region of the sky that contains a recognizable star pattern…
month
The amount of time the moon takes to orbit the earth once is…
24 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 18
precipitation
latent heat
evaporation
condensation
the action or process of precipitating a substance from a sol…
the heat required to convert a solid into a liquid or vapor,…
the process of a substance in a liquid state changing to a ga…
water that collects as droplets on a cold surface when humid…
precipitation
the action or process of precipitating a substance from a sol…
latent heat
the heat required to convert a solid into a liquid or vapor,…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocabulary
caldera
cinder cone
composite volcano
conduit
large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
generally cone-shaped with concave slopes; built by violent e…
a tubelike structure that allows lava to reach the surface
caldera
large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
cinder cone
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
24 terms
2- Maxwell Chapter 18 Earth Science
Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaporation
Condensation
any form of water that falls from a cloud
the energy absorbed or released during a change of state
the process of changing a liquid to a gas
the process of changing gas to a liquid
Precipitation
any form of water that falls from a cloud
Latent Heat
the energy absorbed or released during a change of state
Earth Science Chapter 18 and 19
precipitation
freezing
melting
latent heat
any form of water that falls from a cloud
Liquid to solid
The temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid
hidden heat, heat used to melt ice that does not produce a te…
precipitation
any form of water that falls from a cloud
freezing
Liquid to solid
8 terms
Science - Chapter 18 Earth Science
astronomy
day
month
year
Study of the universe
The time required for Earth to rotate once on its axis
a division of the year that is based on the orbit of the moon…
the time required for the Earth to orbit once around the sun
astronomy
Study of the universe
day
The time required for Earth to rotate once on its axis
49 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 18: Test Review
The atmosphere was formed by ...
Who was the "father of chemistry?"
Of those listed, the most significant…
The most abundant gas in the homospher…
A direct act of God during the Creation week
Antoine Lavoisier
Dilute oxygen to the appropriate level
Nitrogen
The atmosphere was formed by ...
A direct act of God during the Creation week
Who was the "father of chemistry?"
Antoine Lavoisier
27 terms
Earth science Chapter 18 and 17
Glacier
Alpine Glacier
Terminal
Crevasse
A large mass of moving ice
A wedge shaped mass of ice
Beginning or end
A large crack or fissure in a glacier
Glacier
A large mass of moving ice
Alpine Glacier
A wedge shaped mass of ice
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