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Study sets matching "and earth science chapter 3"

20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
earthquake
fault
focus
epicenter
shaking of the Earth caused by shifting plates
a crack in the Earth's crust where it is weak
the place underground where an earthquake occurs
the place on the Earth's surface directly above the focus
earthquake
shaking of the Earth caused by shifting plates
fault
a crack in the Earth's crust where it is weak
26 terms
Earth Science chapter 3
matter
element
nucleus
protron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Center of atom
Positive atomic particle
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
15 terms
Science Review Chapter 3- EARTH'S STRUCTURE
landform
relief
topography
elevation
topographic features of Earth's crust
the change in elevation between the highest and lowest points…
describes the shape of a topographic area
the height above sea level of any point on Earth's surface
landform
topographic features of Earth's crust
relief
the change in elevation between the highest and lowest points…
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
crystal
magma
mineral
silicate
solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly, repeatin…
hot, melted rock material beneath Earth's surface
naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
describes a mineral that contains silicon and oxygen and usua…
crystal
solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly, repeatin…
magma
hot, melted rock material beneath Earth's surface
10 terms
Mr. Q Earth Science Chapter 3
Geologists
Equator
Hemisphere
Cardinal directions
("gee-all-o-jists"); Scientists who study the... Earth
("ee-quay-tor"); an imaginary line that... divides a planet into…
("hem-es-fear"); equal sides of a planet,... divided by an equator
("card-in-all"); north, south, east and west;... a set of direct…
Geologists
("gee-all-o-jists"); Scientists who study the... Earth
Equator
("ee-quay-tor"); an imaginary line that... divides a planet into…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
crystal
atom
igneous
sedimentary
a solid that has atoms arranged in a repeating pattern
the smallest piece of matter that can still be identified as…
type of rock that forms when melted rock cools and becomes so…
type of rock that is made of small particles of rock and mine…
crystal
a solid that has atoms arranged in a repeating pattern
atom
the smallest piece of matter that can still be identified as…
29 terms
EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 3
ROCK
IGNEOUS ROCK
SEDIMENTARY ROCK
METAMORPHIC ROCK
...
...
...
...
ROCK
...
IGNEOUS ROCK
...
27 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science Vocabulary
atom
atomic number
electron
energy level
Smallest particle of an element
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
A negatively charged particle
the specific amount of energy an electron has
atom
Smallest particle of an element
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
hardness
luster
specific gravity
streak
a measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
the way a mineral reflects light
the ratio of a mineral's weight compared with the weight of a…
the color of a mineral when it is in a powdered form
hardness
a measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
luster
the way a mineral reflects light
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
atom
atomic mass
chemical bond
covalent bond
Smallest particle of an element
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
the force that holds two atoms together
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
atom
Smallest particle of an element
atomic mass
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
46 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Energy
visible light, infrared radiation, and…
Atoms
molecule
the ability to create change in a system
What kinds of light are included in the Electromagnetic Spect…
particles of matter
a group of atoms- they are too small to see with your own eyes
Energy
the ability to create change in a system
visible light, infrared radiation, and…
What kinds of light are included in the Electromagnetic Spect…
42 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Matter Vocabulary
Atom
Matter
Element
Nucleus
The smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
Anything that has volume and mass
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Center of an atom
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
Matter
Anything that has volume and mass
Earth science chapter 3
Matter
Element
Nucleus
Proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Earth Science Chapter 3
atom
atomic mass
atomic number
electron
Smallest unit of matter
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
A tiny, negatively charged particle that moves around the nuc…
atom
Smallest unit of matter
atomic mass
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
15 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 3
star
property
brightness
telescope
a glowing ball of hot gases
something about an object that you can observe
the amount of light an object gives off
a tool that magnifies objects and makes them look closer and…
star
a glowing ball of hot gases
property
something about an object that you can observe
93 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Matter
Element
Hydrogen
92
anything that has mass and takes up space (even air has this!)
a substance that can not be broken down into a similar substa…
the building block
Every element passed this number is manmade
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space (even air has this!)
Element
a substance that can not be broken down into a similar substa…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Matter
element
nucleus
proton
anything that has volume and mass
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
an atom is made up of protons and neutrons
a tiny particle that has mass and a positive electric charge
Matter
anything that has volume and mass
element
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
22 terms
Mr Mark's Earth Science Chapter 3 review
Pacific Ocean
GPS
Greenwich, England
Topographic map
Through what Ocean does the International Date line pass thro…
Acronym for Global Positioning System
In which city is the Prime Meridian located?
what kind of map shows contour lines and elevations of mounta…
Pacific Ocean
Through what Ocean does the International Date line pass thro…
GPS
Acronym for Global Positioning System
48 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3
Asthenosphere
Basaltic
Compression Waves / P Waves / Primary…
Conduction
Part of Earth's interior below the lithosphere that becomes p…
Igneous rock composed mostly of dark colored, dense minerals…
Longitudinal wave that is the fastest of the seismic waves th…
The way heat energy is transferred through matter by the dire…
Asthenosphere
Part of Earth's interior below the lithosphere that becomes p…
Basaltic
Igneous rock composed mostly of dark colored, dense minerals…
34 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
map
charts
globe
map scale
simplified image that is a model of the earth's surface
aviation maps and maps of the ocean used by sailors
shows the true shape of continents and oceans
ratio used on maps
map
simplified image that is a model of the earth's surface
charts
aviation maps and maps of the ocean used by sailors
15 terms
chapter 3 prentice hall earth science
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
rock formed when sediments are pressed or cemented together
rock altered by pressure and heat
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
25 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Models of the Earth
parallels
latitude
meridians
prime meridian
Lines of latitude.
East-west lines parallel to the equator used to measure dista…
Lines of longitude
An imaginary line passing through the Royal Observatory in Gr…
parallels
Lines of latitude.
latitude
East-west lines parallel to the equator used to measure dista…
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 - Minerals
mineral
inorganic
crystal
streak
1. naturally occurring... 2. inorganic ... 3. solid ... 4. has a cryst…
NOT formed from living things or the remains of living things
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
the color of a mineral's powder... 1. can determine the cold of…
mineral
1. naturally occurring... 2. inorganic ... 3. solid ... 4. has a cryst…
inorganic
NOT formed from living things or the remains of living things
33 terms
Chapter 3: Earth Science
earthquake
stress
shearing
tension
the shaking and trembling that results from the movement of r…
a force that squeezes or pulls and causes rocks to change in…
stress that pushes a mass of rock in two different direction…
pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that it's thinner in t…
earthquake
the shaking and trembling that results from the movement of r…
stress
a force that squeezes or pulls and causes rocks to change in…
48 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 3 Dynamic Earth
Earth
geosphere
atmosphere
hydrosphere
consists of 4 systems
rock
air
water
Earth
consists of 4 systems
geosphere
rock
18 terms
Earth Science - chapter 3 - maps
map
scale
cartographer
large-scale map
a simplified image that is a model of part of the earth's sur…
compares the distance (in a ratio) represented on a map to th…
a map maker
maps that show smaller areas
map
a simplified image that is a model of part of the earth's sur…
scale
compares the distance (in a ratio) represented on a map to th…
14 terms
Science Chapter 3 Earth
landforms
trench
crust
seismic waves
examples are: mountains, plains and plateaus
an underwater feature similar to a canyon
outermost layer of Earth
move in all directions from the source of an earthquake
landforms
examples are: mountains, plains and plateaus
trench
an underwater feature similar to a canyon
20 terms
Earth Science, chapter 3 vocabulary
Parallel
Latitude
Longitude
Remote sensing
A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and a…
Distance north or south of the equator
Distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degr…
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellit…
Parallel
A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and a…
Latitude
Distance north or south of the equator
28 terms
Earth Science, Chapter 3, Matter and Change, vocab w/images
matter
substance
element
atom
anything that has volume and mass (it takes up space and has…
a particular kind of matter that has all the same properties…
a pure substance; it cannot be broken down into simpler subst…
the smallest unit of an element
matter
anything that has volume and mass (it takes up space and has…
substance
a particular kind of matter that has all the same properties…
29 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3 - Matter
Element
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
A substance made up of only one kind of atom and cannot be br…
Center of an atom, made up of protons and neutrons - positive…
Element
A substance made up of only one kind of atom and cannot be br…
Atom
34 terms
chapter 3: Earth Science
erosion
sediment
deposition
gravity
the process by which natural forces move weathered rock and s…
the process of erosion moves material
occurs where the agents of erosion deposit sediment
the force that pulls you downward
erosion
the process by which natural forces move weathered rock and s…
sediment
the process of erosion moves material
28 terms
Chapter 3 earth science
Rock
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
Metamorphic rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
Igneous rock
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
12 terms
Earth Science (Chapter 3)
Natural Resources
Renewable Resources
Nonrenewable Resources
Conservation
materials that are found on Earth that people use
materials that are always being replaced and will not run out
materials that can not be replaced quickly enough to keep fro…
the protection and care of natural resources
Natural Resources
materials that are found on Earth that people use
Renewable Resources
materials that are always being replaced and will not run out
28 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 3
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within…
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
element
atom
nucleus
proton
is a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
is the smallest particle of an element that has all of the ch…
an atom made up of protons and neutrons
is a tiny particle that has mass and a positive electrical ch…
element
is a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
atom
is the smallest particle of an element that has all of the ch…
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Minerals
the number of elements that make up th…
the most abundant element in the earth…
the second most abundant element in th…
element
8
oxygen
silicon
pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
the number of elements that make up th…
8
the most abundant element in the earth…
oxygen
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
The subdivision of the Earth's interio…
The Himalayas in South Asia are an exa…
An example of a divergent plate bounda…
The processes of weathering and erosio…
core, mantle, crust
convergent continental-continental boundary... India used to b…
the East African Rift Valley.... The East African Rift Valley…
formation of soils and sedimentary rocks.
The subdivision of the Earth's interio…
core, mantle, crust
The Himalayas in South Asia are an exa…
convergent continental-continental boundary... India used to b…
18 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
Ice cubes, icicles, snowflakes and gla…
Water droplets, faucet water and lakes…
Water vapor and clouds are
When water evaporates heat energy chan…
A solid-state
The liquid state of water
Water in gas form
Liquid to gas
Ice cubes, icicles, snowflakes and gla…
A solid-state
Water droplets, faucet water and lakes…
The liquid state of water
28 terms
Chapter 3 earth science
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Celestial sphere
Eratosthenes
Earth centered
Sun centered
An imaginary sphere of gigantic radius with the earth at its…
Establishes earth's size
Geocentric
Earth centered
Heliocentric
Sun centered
46 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Andesitic (intermediate) composition
Assimilation
Basaltic composition
Basalt
igneous rocks with a combination of between granitic and basa…
magmas chemical composition changed when it migrates upward a…
Igneous rocks that contain dark silicates and feldspar but no…
- most common extrusive igneous rock, very dark green, fine g…
Andesitic (intermediate) composition
igneous rocks with a combination of between granitic and basa…
Assimilation
magmas chemical composition changed when it migrates upward a…
28 terms
Earth science chapter 3
Rock
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
Metamorphic rock
A consolidated mixture of minerals
A rock formed by the crystalization of molten magma
Rock formed from weathered products of preexisting rocks that…
Rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within…
Rock
A consolidated mixture of minerals
Igneous rock
A rock formed by the crystalization of molten magma
16 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
dam
flood
floodway
levee
a wall across a river that controls the flow of river water.
occurs when water flows or collects over land that is usually…
a prepared path for flood waters to flow over, often to oprev…
A wall along the banks of a river (or other body of water) th…
dam
a wall across a river that controls the flow of river water.
flood
occurs when water flows or collects over land that is usually…
48 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Energy
What kinds of light are included in th…
Atoms
molecule
the ability to create change in a system
visible light, infrared radiation, and ultraviolet light
particles of matter
a group of atoms- they are too small to see with your own eyes
Energy
the ability to create change in a system
What kinds of light are included in th…
visible light, infrared radiation, and ultraviolet light
37 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
rocks
Igneous rock is formed by...
Sedimentary rock is made of...
Sedimentary rock is formed by...
any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like substance occurring…
the crystallization of molten magma
the weathered products of preexisting rocks
transporting, depositing, compacting and cementing
rocks
any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like substance occurring…
Igneous rock is formed by...
the crystallization of molten magma
16 terms
Chapter 3: earth science vocabulary
Matter
Element
Nucleus
Proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
12 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
mineral
crystal
magma
silicates
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a definite chemic…
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in orderly, repeating…
hot, melted rock material beneath Earth's surface.
are minerals that contain silicon and oxygen and usually one…
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a definite chemic…
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in orderly, repeating…
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 vocabulary
streak
cleavage
rock
soil
color of powder left by a mineral when rubbed on an unglazed…
flat surfaces in a mineral
natural solids made up of materials from the Earth's surface
loose bits and pieces of rock and minerals mixed with bits of…
streak
color of powder left by a mineral when rubbed on an unglazed…
cleavage
flat surfaces in a mineral
26 terms
EARTH SCIENCE - Chapter 3 - Vocabulary
Mineral
Element
Compound
Crystal
A naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite cryst…
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a def…
Mineral
A naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite cryst…
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
28 terms
Earth Science, Chapter 3, Matter and Change, vocab
matter
substance
element
atom
anything that has volume and mass (it takes up space and has…
a particular kind of matter that has all the same properties…
a pure substance; it cannot be broken down into simpler subst…
the smallest unit of an element
matter
anything that has volume and mass (it takes up space and has…
substance
a particular kind of matter that has all the same properties…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
intrusive igneous rocks
extrusive igneous rocks
coarse-grained texture
fine-grained texture
rocks that form when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface
rocks that form when lava hardens
slow cooling
rapid cooling
intrusive igneous rocks
rocks that form when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface
extrusive igneous rocks
rocks that form when lava hardens
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