Study sets matching "and earth science chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "and earth science chapter 3"

48 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Transform plate boundary
Divergent plate boundary
Convergent plate boundary
Athenosphere
Plate boundary at which crustal plates slide past each other.
(Usually broken by transform faults along mid-ocean ridges) P…
(Subduction zone) Boundary at which crustal plates collide.
Part of earths interior below the lithosphere that becomes pl…
Transform plate boundary
Plate boundary at which crustal plates slide past each other.
Divergent plate boundary
(Usually broken by transform faults along mid-ocean ridges) P…
37 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3
Motion
Relative Motion
Distance
Displacement
any change in position
motion with respect to a certain object
how far an object moves
the distance and direction of an objects change in position f…
Motion
any change in position
Relative Motion
motion with respect to a certain object
28 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 3
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within…
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Minerals
the number of elements that make up th…
the most abundant element in the earth…
the second most abundant element in th…
element
8
oxygen
silicon
pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
the number of elements that make up th…
8
the most abundant element in the earth…
oxygen
10 terms
Mr. Q Earth Science Chapter 3
Geologists
Equator
Hemisphere
Cardinal directions
("gee-all-o-jists"); Scientists who study the... Earth
("ee-quay-tor"); an imaginary line that... divides a planet into…
("hem-es-fear"); equal sides of a planet,... divided by an equator
("card-in-all"); north, south, east and west;... a set of direct…
Geologists
("gee-all-o-jists"); Scientists who study the... Earth
Equator
("ee-quay-tor"); an imaginary line that... divides a planet into…
Earth Science, Chapter 3, Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources
natural resources
ore
renewable resources
fossil fuel
materials found naturally on or in the earth which people use
a rock that contains metal
natural resources which are always being replaced and won't r…
a natural resource and source of energy that was formed from…
natural resources
materials found naturally on or in the earth which people use
ore
a rock that contains metal
Earth Science Chapter 3
Map Projection
Parallel
Meridian
Contour Lines
a flat map that represents a spherical surface
any circle that runs east and west around the Earth and that…
any semicircle that runs north and south around Earth from th…
a line that connects points of equal elevation of a map
Map Projection
a flat map that represents a spherical surface
Parallel
any circle that runs east and west around the Earth and that…
Earth Science Chapter 3
atom
atomic mass
atomic number
electron
Smallest unit of matter
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
A tiny, negatively charged particle that moves around the nuc…
atom
Smallest unit of matter
atomic mass
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
Earth Science Chapter 3
Andesitic (intermediate) composition
Assimilation
Basaltic composition
Basalt
igneous rocks with a combination of between granitic and basa…
magmas chemical composition changed when it migrates upward a…
Igneous rocks that contain dark silicates and feldspar but no…
- most common extrusive igneous rock, very dark green, fine g…
Andesitic (intermediate) composition
igneous rocks with a combination of between granitic and basa…
Assimilation
magmas chemical composition changed when it migrates upward a…
37 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
rocks
Igneous rock is formed by...
Sedimentary rock is made of...
Sedimentary rock is formed by...
any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like substance occurring…
the crystallization of molten magma
the weathered products of preexisting rocks
transporting, depositing, compacting and cementing
rocks
any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like substance occurring…
Igneous rock is formed by...
the crystallization of molten magma
26 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 3 PDan
constellation
gnomon
quadrant
refractor telescope
a named pattern of stars
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
navigational instrument used to measure a star's position abo…
a telescope that uses only lenses to concentrate the light fr…
constellation
a named pattern of stars
gnomon
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
Chapter 3 Earth Science
mineral
crystal
magma
silicates
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a definite chemic…
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in orderly, repeating…
hot, melted rock material beneath Earth's surface.
are minerals that contain silicon and oxygen and usually one…
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a definite chemic…
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in orderly, repeating…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Geode
Crystallization
Magma
Lava
A hollow rock inside which mineral crystals have formed
The process by which atoms are arranged to form a material wi…
The molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also, the rock formed…
Geode
A hollow rock inside which mineral crystals have formed
Crystallization
The process by which atoms are arranged to form a material wi…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Matter
Elements
Nucleus
Proton
Anything that has volume and mass
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
The center of an atom.
Tiny particle with a positive charge.
Matter
Anything that has volume and mass
Elements
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Earth Science: Chapter 3
Location
Triangulation
Direction
Compass
Any way in which you can be found
The tracing and measurement of series of triangles. Useful fo…
Expressed as north, south, east, and west. ... A line that has t…
A device with a floating needle that is a magnet
Location
Any way in which you can be found
Triangulation
The tracing and measurement of series of triangles. Useful fo…
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
precipitate
regional metamorphism
rock
rock cycle
crystals that drop out of a saturated solution
metamorphism caused by high pressures and temps that extend o…
naturally occurring solid aggregate of minerals or in some ca…
set of geologic processes that convert rocks of each of the t…
precipitate
crystals that drop out of a saturated solution
regional metamorphism
metamorphism caused by high pressures and temps that extend o…
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
crystal
magma
mineral
silicate
solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly, repeatin…
hot, melted rock material beneath Earth's surface
naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
describes a mineral that contains silicon and oxygen and usua…
crystal
solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly, repeatin…
magma
hot, melted rock material beneath Earth's surface
Chapter 3: Earth Science
earthquake
stress
shearing
tension
the shaking and trembling that results from the movement of r…
a force that squeezes or pulls and causes rocks to change in…
stress that pushes a mass of rock in two different direction…
pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that it's thinner in t…
earthquake
the shaking and trembling that results from the movement of r…
stress
a force that squeezes or pulls and causes rocks to change in…
Earth science chapter 3
Solar System
Geocentric
Retrograde motion
Heliocentric
The sun and all objects that revolve around the sun as a resu…
"Earth centered"
An apparent Change in the movement of the planets through the…
"Sun-centered"
Solar System
The sun and all objects that revolve around the sun as a resu…
Geocentric
"Earth centered"
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
crystal
atom
igneous
sedimentary
a solid that has atoms arranged in a repeating pattern
the smallest piece of matter that can still be identified as…
type of rock that forms when melted rock cools and becomes so…
type of rock that is made of small particles of rock and mine…
crystal
a solid that has atoms arranged in a repeating pattern
atom
the smallest piece of matter that can still be identified as…
Earth Science Chapter 3
intrusive igneous rocks
extrusive igneous rocks
coarse-grained texture
fine-grained texture
rocks that form when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface
rocks that form when lava hardens
slow cooling
rapid cooling
intrusive igneous rocks
rocks that form when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface
extrusive igneous rocks
rocks that form when lava hardens
Earth Science (Chapter 3)
Natural Resources
Renewable Resources
Nonrenewable Resources
Conservation
materials that are found on Earth that people use
materials that are always being replaced and will not run out
materials that can not be replaced quickly enough to keep fro…
the protection and care of natural resources
Natural Resources
materials that are found on Earth that people use
Renewable Resources
materials that are always being replaced and will not run out
4th Chapter 3 Earth Science
Water Cycle
Water Vapor
Evaporations
Condensation
The constant movement of water from Earth's surface to the at…
The gas form of water.
The process by which a liquid changes into a gas.
The process by which a gas changes into a liquid.
Water Cycle
The constant movement of water from Earth's surface to the at…
Water Vapor
The gas form of water.
Earth Science Chapter 3
Father of modern geology
Rock
How do Igneous rocks form?
How do sedimentary rocks form?
James Hutton
group/aggregate of minerals bound together
cooling and hardening of magma
hardening of layers of sediment
Father of modern geology
James Hutton
Rock
group/aggregate of minerals bound together
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
hardness
luster
specific gravity
streak
a measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
the way a mineral reflects light
the ratio of a mineral's weight compared with the weight of a…
the color of a mineral when it is in a powdered form
hardness
a measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
luster
the way a mineral reflects light
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
atom
atomic mass
chemical bond
covalent bond
Smallest particle of an element
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
the force that holds two atoms together
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
atom
Smallest particle of an element
atomic mass
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
29 terms
EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 3
ROCK
IGNEOUS ROCK
SEDIMENTARY ROCK
METAMORPHIC ROCK
...
...
...
...
ROCK
...
IGNEOUS ROCK
...
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Geocentric Universe
Epicycle
Heliocentric Universe
Copernicus
A beleif where Earth is the center of the universe
In the geocentric universe where planets revolve in small cir…
A belief that the sun is the center of the universe
Proposed that Earth and other planets orbited the Sun
Geocentric Universe
A beleif where Earth is the center of the universe
Epicycle
In the geocentric universe where planets revolve in small cir…
25 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Models of the Earth
parallels
latitude
meridians
prime meridian
Lines of latitude.
East-west lines parallel to the equator used to measure dista…
Lines of longitude
An imaginary line passing through the Royal Observatory in Gr…
parallels
Lines of latitude.
latitude
East-west lines parallel to the equator used to measure dista…
15 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 3
star
property
brightness
telescope
a glowing ball of hot gases
something about an object that you can observe
the amount of light an object gives off
a tool that magnifies objects and makes them look closer and…
star
a glowing ball of hot gases
property
something about an object that you can observe
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
element
atom
nucleus
proton
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
smallest particle of an element that has all the element's ch…
made up of protons and neutrons
tiny particle that has mass and a positive electrical charge
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
atom
smallest particle of an element that has all the element's ch…
Earth Science Chapter 3
map
charts
globe
map scale
simplified image that is a model of the earth's surface
aviation maps and maps of the ocean used by sailors
shows the true shape of continents and oceans
ratio used on maps
map
simplified image that is a model of the earth's surface
charts
aviation maps and maps of the ocean used by sailors
Earth science chapter 3
Matter
Element
Nucleus
Proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Earth Science - chapter 3 - maps
map
scale
cartographer
large-scale map
a simplified image that is a model of part of the earth's sur…
compares the distance (in a ratio) represented on a map to th…
a map maker
maps that show smaller areas
map
a simplified image that is a model of part of the earth's sur…
scale
compares the distance (in a ratio) represented on a map to th…
26 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
Abyssal Plain
Apparent polar-wander path
Bathymetry
Continental Drift
A broad, relatively flat region of the ocean that lies at lea…
A path on the globe along which a magnetic pole appears to ha…
Variation in depth
The idea that continents have moved and are still moving slow…
Abyssal Plain
A broad, relatively flat region of the ocean that lies at lea…
Apparent polar-wander path
A path on the globe along which a magnetic pole appears to ha…
Earth Science, chapter 3 vocabulary
Parallel
Latitude
Longitude
Remote sensing
A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and a…
Distance north or south of the equator
Distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degr…
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellit…
Parallel
A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and a…
Latitude
Distance north or south of the equator
Earth Science Chapter 3
igneous rocks
intrusive rocks
extrusive rocks
coarse grained texture
form when magma or lava cools and hardens
form when magma cools and hardens beneath the surface
form when lava cools and hardens above the surface
slow cooling forms large crystals
igneous rocks
form when magma or lava cools and hardens
intrusive rocks
form when magma cools and hardens beneath the surface
48 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3
Asthenosphere
Basaltic
Compression Waves / P Waves / Primary…
Conduction
Part of Earth's interior below the lithosphere that becomes p…
Igneous rock composed mostly of dark colored, dense minerals…
Longitudinal wave that is the fastest of the seismic waves th…
The way heat energy is transferred through matter by the dire…
Asthenosphere
Part of Earth's interior below the lithosphere that becomes p…
Basaltic
Igneous rock composed mostly of dark colored, dense minerals…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Matter
element
nucleus
proton
anything that has volume and mass
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
an atom is made up of protons and neutrons
a tiny particle that has mass and a positive electric charge
Matter
anything that has volume and mass
element
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
Earth science chapter 3
Mineral
Inorganic
Crystal
Streak
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things.
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
The color of a mineral's powder.
Mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
Inorganic
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things.
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
periodic table
natural elements
manmade elements
periods
table of elements showing up to number 118
1-92 on table
93-118 on table
runs horizontal
periodic table
table of elements showing up to number 118
natural elements
1-92 on table
29 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3 - Matter
Element
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
A substance made up of only one kind of atom and cannot be br…
Center of an atom, made up of protons and neutrons - positive…
Element
A substance made up of only one kind of atom and cannot be br…
Atom
64 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 3
An igneous rock that contains vesicles…
As the rate of cooling increases, the…
Which one of the following is an igneo…
Intrusive rocks:... a) are generally fin…
d) all of the above
decreases
rhyolite
d) none of the above
An igneous rock that contains vesicles…
d) all of the above
As the rate of cooling increases, the…
decreases
6 terms
Holt Earth Science: Chapter 3
mineral
element
compound
crystal
naturally formed solid with a crystalline structure
pure substance that can't be broken into a simpler substance
a combination of 2 or more elements
solid geometric pattern of atoms
mineral
naturally formed solid with a crystalline structure
element
pure substance that can't be broken into a simpler substance
22 terms
Mr Mark's Earth Science Chapter 3 review
Pacific Ocean
GPS
Greenwich, England
Topographic map
Through what Ocean does the International Date line pass thro…
Acronym for Global Positioning System
In which city is the Prime Meridian located?
what kind of map shows contour lines and elevations of mounta…
Pacific Ocean
Through what Ocean does the International Date line pass thro…
GPS
Acronym for Global Positioning System
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Map
Globe
Progressive Creationism
Map Scale
A simplified image that is a model of a part of the earth's s…
A special kind of map shaped like a sphere which is roughly t…
The belief that God created the universe billions of years ag…
A ratio between distance on the map and the actual distance
Map
A simplified image that is a model of a part of the earth's s…
Globe
A special kind of map shaped like a sphere which is roughly t…
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Minerals
the number of elements that make up th…
the most abundant element in the earth…
the second most abundant element in th…
element
8
oxygen
silicon
pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
the number of elements that make up th…
8
the most abundant element in the earth…
oxygen
14 terms
Science Chapter 3 Earth
landforms
trench
crust
seismic waves
examples are: mountains, plains and plateaus
an underwater feature similar to a canyon
outermost layer of Earth
move in all directions from the source of an earthquake
landforms
examples are: mountains, plains and plateaus
trench
an underwater feature similar to a canyon
105 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 3
True
True
False
True
The Earth is about 1/3 the age of the universe.
The Nebular Theory is what helped to create Earth as we know it
Earth is 13.7 Billion years old
Earth is 4.6 Billion years old
True
The Earth is about 1/3 the age of the universe.
True
The Nebular Theory is what helped to create Earth as we know it
Chapter 3 Earth Science
Rock cycle
Magma
Igneous rock
Sediment
Magma ... Igneous rock ... Sediment... Sedimentary rock... Metamorphic ro…
Crystallization
Form as magma cools and crystallizes... Ions are arranged into o…
Lithification
Rock cycle
Magma ... Igneous rock ... Sediment... Sedimentary rock... Metamorphic ro…
Magma
Crystallization
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