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Study sets matching "and earth science"

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Study sets matching "and earth science"

36 terms
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
Earth Science: Earth History
Continental Drift
Seafloor Spreading
Pangea
Convection Current
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
the formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs thr…
super continent consisting of all known continents fitting to…
the movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Seafloor Spreading
the formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs thr…
145 terms
Earth Science
1. The same objects have the
2. The closer isolines are...
3. The altitude of Polaris equals...
4. The Earth rotates
same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)
the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)
the latitude of the observer... Diagram: Observer's altitude = 6…
West to east... 15 degrees per hour... in 24 hours or one day
1. The same objects have the
same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)
2. The closer isolines are...
the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)
36 terms
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
18 terms
Earth science
mineral
Element
Atom
Compound
A naturally occurring, usually inorganic solid that has a def…
Pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
All substances are made of atoms. Considered the building blo…
Substance made up of molecules of two or more elements.
mineral
A naturally occurring, usually inorganic solid that has a def…
Element
Pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
93 terms
Earth Science
Plate tectonics
Plates
Divergence
Convergence
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
- 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises…
- crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pl…
Plate tectonics
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
Plates
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
23 terms
Earth Science
lithosphere
asthenosphere
outer core
Inner core
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
The hot, molten layer of Earth's interior made up of liquid n…
The hottest layer of Earth's interior, made up of iron, but s…
lithosphere
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
asthenosphere
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
36 terms
Earth Science
soil
humus
horizon
soil profile
a mixture of weathered rock, humus, mineral fragments, water,…
rich, dark organic material formed by the decay of plant and…
each different layer of soil
all the vertical layers or horizons that make up a soil in a…
soil
a mixture of weathered rock, humus, mineral fragments, water,…
humus
rich, dark organic material formed by the decay of plant and…
19 terms
Earth Science Introduction to Earth Science
Energy
The Earth System
Earth's Main Source of Energy
Atmosphere
The ability to do work or cause change.
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
The gases that surround the planet.
Energy
The ability to do work or cause change.
The Earth System
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
11 terms
Earth Science
volcano
magma
lava
tectonic plate
A mountain that forms when magma reaches the surface.
Molten rock under the earth's surface
When magma reaches the surface
Large movable plates under the Earth's surface.
volcano
A mountain that forms when magma reaches the surface.
magma
Molten rock under the earth's surface
32 terms
Earth Science
nonrenewable resources
renewable resources
inexhaustible resources
natural resources
resources that nature cannot replace in our lifetime (example…
natural resources that can be renewed or replaced by nature,…
resources that will never run out such as the Sun, wind, and…
any of the useful minerals and other materials that people ta…
nonrenewable resources
resources that nature cannot replace in our lifetime (example…
renewable resources
natural resources that can be renewed or replaced by nature,…
19 terms
Earth Science Introduction to Earth Science
Energy
The Earth System
Earth's Main Source of Energy
Atmosphere
The ability to do work or cause change.
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
The gases that surround the planet.
Energy
The ability to do work or cause change.
The Earth System
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
11 terms
Earth Science
Weathering
Erosion
Deposition
Deltas
the breaking down of large rocks into smaller rocks(sediment)
the movement of small rocks and sediment
the depositing of small rocks and sediments.
Landforms created at the mouth of river where it meets anothe…
Weathering
the breaking down of large rocks into smaller rocks(sediment)
Erosion
the movement of small rocks and sediment
19 terms
Earth Science Introduction to Earth Science
Energy
The Earth System
Sun
Atmosphere
The ability to do work or cause change.
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
Main source of earth's energy
The gases that surround the planet.
Energy
The ability to do work or cause change.
The Earth System
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
Earth Science: Earth Layers & Waves
Seismic Wave
Reflection
Seismograph
Mantle
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth and away from…
The bouncing back of a wave when it hits a surface through wh…
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground and deter…
the layer of rock between the Earth's crust and core
Seismic Wave
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth and away from…
Reflection
The bouncing back of a wave when it hits a surface through wh…
9 terms
Earth Science
Mineral
Mineralogy
Ring of Fire
Rock cycle
refers to naturally occurring inorganic solids that possess a…
the study of minerals
The zone of active volcanoes surrounding the Pacific Ocean
A model that illustrates the origin of the three basic rock t…
Mineral
refers to naturally occurring inorganic solids that possess a…
Mineralogy
the study of minerals
13 terms
Earthquakes Holt,Earth, and Science
Focus
Elastic Rebound
Earthquake
Intensity
The location within Earth along a fault at wich the first mot…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its underfo…
A movement of treamblig of the ground that is caused by a sud…
In Earth science, the amount of damage caused by an eartquake.
Focus
The location within Earth along a fault at wich the first mot…
Elastic Rebound
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its underfo…
38 terms
Science Review: Earth Science
constructive forces
destructive forces
deposition
sand dunes
build up the land (earthquakes, volcanoes, wind)
break down the land (wind, water, ice, earthquakes, volcanoes…
depositing sediment to create a new landform... (sand dunes)
created when wind blows sand/sediment from one place to anoth…
constructive forces
build up the land (earthquakes, volcanoes, wind)
destructive forces
break down the land (wind, water, ice, earthquakes, volcanoes…
36 terms
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
33 terms
Earth Science- Earth Dimensions
Earth's shape
Lithosphere
Hydosphere
Atmosphere
oblate spheroid
solid part of Earth
water on Earth
shell of gases that surrounds Earth
Earth's shape
oblate spheroid
Lithosphere
solid part of Earth
26 terms
Earth and Environmental Science: volcanoes
composite volcano
composite volcano
cinder cone volcano
cinder cone volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
A small, steeply sloped volcano that forms from moderately ex…
composite volcano
composite volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
Earth Science
Astronomy
Big Bang Theory
Core
Crust
The study of space and the universe
The idea that the universe began with a gigantic explosion
The center of the Earth
The outer most layer of the Earth
Astronomy
The study of space and the universe
Big Bang Theory
The idea that the universe began with a gigantic explosion
36 terms
Science MSA - Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
32 terms
Earth Science
crust
mantle
core
lithospere
outer most layer of the earth.
the middle layer of the earth.
inner layer of the earth.
made up of the crust and upper part of the mantle.
crust
outer most layer of the earth.
mantle
the middle layer of the earth.
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1
Hypothesis
Scientific Methods
Science
Earth Science
...
...
...
Hypothesis
Scientific Methods
...
9 terms
Earth Science-Earth Changes
continental drift
earthquake
fault
lava
a slow movement of the continents on a deep-seated viscous zo…
a shaking or trembling of the earth that is volcanic or tecto…
a fracture in the crust of a planet or moon accompanied by a…
molten rock that issues from a volcano or from a fissure in t…
continental drift
a slow movement of the continents on a deep-seated viscous zo…
earthquake
a shaking or trembling of the earth that is volcanic or tecto…
20 terms
Earth Science Origin of Earth
Earliest record of humans on Earth
Secular geologists believed what forme…
how moon formed
stratum
5,000 years ago
moon
a collison
layer of rock
Earliest record of humans on Earth
5,000 years ago
Secular geologists believed what forme…
moon
17 terms
Planet Earth EARTH SCIENCE
Altitude
atmosphere
contour interval
contour line
Elevation or height above sea level
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
the difference in elevation from one contour line to the next
a line drawn on a map connecting points of equal height
Altitude
Elevation or height above sea level
atmosphere
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1
geology
oceanography
meteorology
astronomy
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth…
the scientific study of the sea
the scientific study of the Earth's atmosphere, especially in…
the study of the universe
geology
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth…
oceanography
the scientific study of the sea
24 terms
Earth Science
convergent
divergent
transform
destructive
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
boundaries that slide past each other and create earthquakes
forces that destroy the earth
convergent
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
divergent
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
38 terms
Science Review: Earth Science
constructive forces
destructive forces
deposition
sand dunes
build up the land (earthquakes, volcanoes, wind)
break down the land (wind, water, ice, earthquakes, volcanoes…
depositing sediment to create a new landform... (sand dunes)
created when wind blows sand/sediment from one place to anoth…
constructive forces
build up the land (earthquakes, volcanoes, wind)
destructive forces
break down the land (wind, water, ice, earthquakes, volcanoes…
24 terms
Earth Science
convergent
divergent
transform
destructive
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
boundaries that slide past each other and create earthquakes
forces that destroy the earth
convergent
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
divergent
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
38 terms
Science Review: Earth Science
constructive forces
destructive forces
deposition
sand dunes
build up the land (earthquakes, volcanoes, wind)
break down the land (wind, water, ice, earthquakes, volcanoes…
depositing sediment to create a new landform... (sand dunes)
created when wind blows sand/sediment from one place to anoth…
constructive forces
build up the land (earthquakes, volcanoes, wind)
destructive forces
break down the land (wind, water, ice, earthquakes, volcanoes…
53 terms
Earth Science
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Geosphere
Lithosphere
All of the water on earth.
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
the part of the earth consisting of the core, the mantle and…
The upper mantle and the crust
Hydrosphere
All of the water on earth.
Atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
28 terms
Earth Science
geology
destructive forces
constructive forces
lithosphere
the study of Earth's structure
the process by which rock is broken down, such as erosion and…
the process by which rock is broken down, such as erosion and…
the rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust an…
geology
the study of Earth's structure
destructive forces
the process by which rock is broken down, such as erosion and…
15 terms
Intro to Earth Science
Astronomy
Control variable
Constant graph
Cyclic Graph
The study of space
a variable that is used to prove an experiment
A graph that indicates that the dependent variable was not ch…
A graph that shows a repeated pattern
Astronomy
The study of space
Control variable
a variable that is used to prove an experiment
22 terms
Space and Earth Science Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
30 terms
Earth Science
lithosphere
asthenosphere
outer core
Inner core
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
The hot, molten layer of Earth's interior made up of liquid n…
The hottest layer of Earth's interior, made up of iron, but s…
lithosphere
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
asthenosphere
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
64 terms
Earth Science
Plate tectonics
Plates
Divergence
Convergence
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
- 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises…
- crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pl…
Plate tectonics
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
Plates
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
46 terms
Earth Science Unit 1
Terrestrial Observation
Earth's Spheres
Interface
Atmosphere
after the sun has set you can see the sunlight linger. The hi…
earth is made up of spheres arranged from lowest density (abo…
boundary between different layers
layer of gasses above Earth's surface ... farthest from the cen…
Terrestrial Observation
after the sun has set you can see the sunlight linger. The hi…
Earth's Spheres
earth is made up of spheres arranged from lowest density (abo…
13 terms
Earth Science
rotation
revolution
phase
solar system
the complete spin of an object around its axis
one complete trip around another object
a change in appearance of he moon
the Sun and all the objects that travel around it.
rotation
the complete spin of an object around its axis
revolution
one complete trip around another object
5 terms
Science: Earth
Core
Crust
Rock layers
Recycle
first layer of the Earth
layer of Earth we live one
tell us about animals that lived long ago
to use again
Core
first layer of the Earth
Crust
layer of Earth we live one
35 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
matter
operational definition
pure substances
mixtures
Anything that has mass and takes up space
a statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Elements and Compounds
a physical combination of substances that can still be sepera…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
operational definition
a statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
12 terms
Earth Science Docker
Atmosphere
The Sun
Corona
Chromosphere
is the corona, chromosphere, photosphere
is our star- all of the planets in our solar system orbit aro…
outermost layer, only visible during solar eclipse, 3 million…
is a reddish color, not visible to the eye, heated by convect…
Atmosphere
is the corona, chromosphere, photosphere
The Sun
is our star- all of the planets in our solar system orbit aro…
55 terms
Earth Science
weathering
erosion
deposition
delta
the breaking down of rock into sediment
the movement of sediment from one place to another
the laying down of sediment
a fan shaped deposit of sediment at the mouth of a river
weathering
the breaking down of rock into sediment
erosion
the movement of sediment from one place to another
6 terms
Earth science
Hydrosphere
Biosphere
Atmosphere
Geosphere
Water on earth
Life
Holds oxygen in earth
Rock
Hydrosphere
Water on earth
Biosphere
Life
15 terms
Earth Science
landform
topography
sand dune
weathering
a natural land shape or feature
surface landforms of an area
a hill of sand, made and shaped by wind
the process of wearing away rocks by natural means; breaking…
landform
a natural land shape or feature
topography
surface landforms of an area
Intro to Earth Science
Science
Observing
Predicting
Scientific Inquiry
A way of learning about the natural world. Science also inclu…
Using one or more of your senses to gather... information.
Making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on…
Refers to the many ways in which scientists study the natural…
Science
A way of learning about the natural world. Science also inclu…
Observing
Using one or more of your senses to gather... information.
29 terms
Earth Science
Hydrosphere
Biosphere
Lithosphere
Atmosphere
The hydrosphere is a term used to refer to all liquid water o…
The biosphere is a term used to refer to all living things on…
The lithosphere is a term used to refer to the crust and the…
The atmosphere is a term used to refer to the gases that surr…
Hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is a term used to refer to all liquid water o…
Biosphere
The biosphere is a term used to refer to all living things on…
5 terms
Earth Science
Theory
Fission
Anthophyta
Stomata
Once a hypothesis has been verified and accepted it becomes a…
Nuclear process where atomic nuclei split a part to form smal…
Division of plants that produces seeds as part of reproductio…
Part of the plant system that responds to stimuli by releasin…
Theory
Once a hypothesis has been verified and accepted it becomes a…
Fission
Nuclear process where atomic nuclei split a part to form smal…
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