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Study sets matching "and earth science"

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Study sets matching "and earth science"

21 terms
Earth Science
lithosphere
hydrosphere
outer core
Inner core
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
The water part of the earth
The hot, molten layer of Earth's interior made up of liquid n…
The hottest layer of Earth's interior, made up of iron, but s…
lithosphere
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
hydrosphere
The water part of the earth
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Oceanography
Salinity
Thermocline
Isothermal
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
A layer of water in which there is a rapid change in TEMPERAT…
The high-latitude cure displays a pattern quite different fro…
Oceanography
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
Salinity
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
Science MSA - Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
391 terms
EARTH SCIENCE
ABRASION
ABSOLUTE AGE
ABSOLUTE HUMIDITY
ABYSSAL PLAIN
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
the numeric age of an object or event, often stated in years…
the mass of water vapor per unit volume of air that contains…
a large, flat, almost level area of the deep-ocean basin
ABRASION
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
ABSOLUTE AGE
the numeric age of an object or event, often stated in years…
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Minerals
Mineralogy
native elements
halides
substances that are found naturally in the earth and have a c…
the branch of geology that deals with the identification and…
substances that exist naturally in the earth's crust as singl…
consists of compounds made with the elements fluorine, chlori…
Minerals
substances that are found naturally in the earth and have a c…
Mineralogy
the branch of geology that deals with the identification and…
40 terms
Earth and Space Science
Apparent Magnitude
Asteroid Belt
Astronomical Unit
Biosphere
a measure of apparent brightness as viewed by an observer on…
an area made of rocks and metal that separates the inner and…
unit used to measure distances in the solar system
refers to the part of the Earth in which all the life forms e…
Apparent Magnitude
a measure of apparent brightness as viewed by an observer on…
Asteroid Belt
an area made of rocks and metal that separates the inner and…
16 terms
Earth Science
pollution
global warming
hydropower
conserve
the waste that makes land, air and water dirty or unusable
the warming of the Earth that can cause changes to the Earth
a renewable power that uses the force of moving water to make…
to save or protect
pollution
the waste that makes land, air and water dirty or unusable
global warming
the warming of the Earth that can cause changes to the Earth
5 terms
Earth Science
Why does the Earth look blue from space?
Landforms are
Plateaus are higher or lower than plai…
Plates
Because it is covered by water.
the different shapes on the earth's surface.
Higher
Sections of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
Why does the Earth look blue from space?
Because it is covered by water.
Landforms are
the different shapes on the earth's surface.
150 terms
EARTH SCIENCE-SLO VOCABULARY
seismic waves
pressure
crust
mantle
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
The amount of force pushing on a surface or area. Increases a…
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
seismic waves
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
pressure
The amount of force pushing on a surface or area. Increases a…
Earth Science Regents Review
Density remains the same regardless of…
Density (increases or decreases) when…
As temperature increases, density (inc…
Water (contracts or expands) when it f…
Pressure and temperature are constant
Increases
Decreases
Expands
Density remains the same regardless of…
Pressure and temperature are constant
Density (increases or decreases) when…
Increases
155 terms
Earth Science SOL Review
Density
Water Displacement
Warm
Cold
This equals the mass of an objects * its volume. The unit for…
How do you find the volume for an irregular object?
This type of air/water/magma rises because it's less dense
This type of air/water/magma sinks because it's more dense
Density
This equals the mass of an objects * its volume. The unit for…
Water Displacement
How do you find the volume for an irregular object?
40 terms
Earth Science- Measuring Earth
Smaller copies or representations of t…
The study of the gases that surround t…
The inner planets are called the
Who calculated the circumference of th…
Models
meteorology
Terrestrial
Eratosthenes
Smaller copies or representations of t…
Models
The study of the gases that surround t…
meteorology
12 terms
Earth Science
3 types of rocks
how do you identify a mineral?
how does metamorphic rock form?
rocks with many layers
metamorphic, igneous, sedimentary
look at its properties... luster... streak... hardness... cleavage... color
heat and pressure
sedimentary
3 types of rocks
metamorphic, igneous, sedimentary
how do you identify a mineral?
look at its properties... luster... streak... hardness... cleavage... color
85 terms
Earth Science FINAL Review
lunar eclipse
solar eclipse
comets
What causes orbit of planets around Sun
full moon passes into Earth's umbra
moon between Earth and Sun; umbra of moon creates total eclip…
ball of ice and dust, very elliptical orbit, speeds up as app…
Sun's gravitational force and inertia of planets
lunar eclipse
full moon passes into Earth's umbra
solar eclipse
moon between Earth and Sun; umbra of moon creates total eclip…
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science
geology
oceanography
meteorology
astronomy
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth…
the study of the sea
the study of the earth's atmosphere, especially in relation t…
the study of the universe and the objects in it
geology
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth…
oceanography
the study of the sea
32 terms
Earth science
What is adhesion
What is cohesion
what is polarity
The most freshwater is stored where
Water molecules are attracted to other substances
Water molecules are attracted to other water molecules
uneven distribution of charge between the molecules two ends
Aquifer usually found in glaciers and Ice bellow the ground o…
What is adhesion
Water molecules are attracted to other substances
What is cohesion
Water molecules are attracted to other water molecules
12 terms
Earth Science
weathering
erosion
deposition
minerals
breaking down of substances such as rocks or minerals by phys…
the movement of sediments or even soil or sand from one locat…
when particles carried by wind, water, or ice are deposited o…
a natural occurring element that is not a plant or animal
weathering
breaking down of substances such as rocks or minerals by phys…
erosion
the movement of sediments or even soil or sand from one locat…
32 terms
Earth Science
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Asthenosphere
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
liquid layer of the Earth's core; is beneath the mantle and s…
The layer of hot material between Earth's crust and core.
The soft layer of the mantle on which the tectonic plates move
Inner Core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
Outer Core
liquid layer of the Earth's core; is beneath the mantle and s…
32 terms
Earth Science
plates
fault
hot spot
weathering
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
A place where magma partially melts through Earth's crust and…
A slow process that breaks down rocks into smaller pieces.
plates
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
fault
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
12 terms
Earth Science (decay)
Radiocarbon Dating
Decay
Half-Life
Oldest
Process used to determine the age of fossils by measuring car…
Break down of organic material
Time it takes for 1/2 material to decay
Rock at the bottom... (A)
Radiocarbon Dating
Process used to determine the age of fossils by measuring car…
Decay
Break down of organic material
20 terms
Earth Science
fuels
earth materials
earthquake
erosion
substances that can be burned to produce heat or power
solid natural materials that come from the earth
a violent shaking or vibration of the ground due to movement…
when wind or water carries weathered particles from one place…
fuels
substances that can be burned to produce heat or power
earth materials
solid natural materials that come from the earth
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Weather
Air pressure
Barometer
Humidity
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Force of air against a unit of area
Instrument used to measure air pressure
Amount of water vapor in the air
Weather
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Air pressure
Force of air against a unit of area
24 terms
Earth Science
convergent
divergent
transform
destructive
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
boundaries that slide past each other and create earthquakes
forces that destroy the earth
convergent
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
divergent
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
18 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 6
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rocks causing plate movement
rocks under stress being pulled and stretched; rocks becomes…
stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks; forms mou…
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
stress
a force that acts on rocks causing plate movement
tension
rocks under stress being pulled and stretched; rocks becomes…
20 terms
Earth Science
Rotate
Revolve
Axis
Orbit
To spin around an axis: Earth rotates once on its axis every…
To travel in a closed path: It takes 365 1/4 days for Earth t…
The imaginary line that the Earth spins around as it rotates.
The path of an object revolving around another object. Ex: Ea…
Rotate
To spin around an axis: Earth rotates once on its axis every…
Revolve
To travel in a closed path: It takes 365 1/4 days for Earth t…
602 terms
Earth Science
Air Masses
Front
Subtropical Jet
Polar Jet
...
...
located at 20-30 degrees; at 8.8 miles high, can flow 200-300…
flows west to east; is located at 60 degrees and is 6.2 miles…
Air Masses
...
Front
...
43 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Gyre
Up-welling
Down-welling
Thermohaline circulation
The large, circular surface-current pattern found in each oce…
The rising of cold water from deeper layers to replace warmer…
...
Movements of ocean water caused by density differences brough…
Gyre
The large, circular surface-current pattern found in each oce…
Up-welling
The rising of cold water from deeper layers to replace warmer…
14 terms
Earth Science Weather & Tools
Barometer
Thermometer
Anemometer
Wind Vane
measures air pressure
measure air temperature
measures speed of the wind
tells which direction the wind is coming from
Barometer
measures air pressure
Thermometer
measure air temperature
105 terms
Earth Science SOL Vocabulary
Abyssal Plain
Acid Rain
Anemometer
Asteroid
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
An instrument used to measure wind speed.
Enormous rocks or boulders that revolve around the sun, usual…
Abyssal Plain
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Acid Rain
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
weathering
erosion
physical weathering and chemical weath…
ice wedging
the break down of rocks by natural forces
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
the 2 general types of weathering
a type of weathering that occurs when rainwater soaks into cr…
weathering
the break down of rocks by natural forces
erosion
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
30 terms
Earth and Space Science
weathering
physical weathering
ice wedging
chemical weathering
the process by which rocks are broken down by forces of nature
the breakdown of large rocks into fragments by physical force…
occurs when rainwater or melted ice soaks into tiny cracks in…
the process when minerals in rock react chemically with air o…
weathering
the process by which rocks are broken down by forces of nature
physical weathering
the breakdown of large rocks into fragments by physical force…
65 terms
Earth and Space Science
anemometer
barometer
climate
convection
An instrument for measuring and indicating the force or speed…
An instrument for determining the pressure of the atmosphere
The average course or condition of the weather at a place usu…
The circulatory motion that occurs in a fluid at a non-unifro…
anemometer
An instrument for measuring and indicating the force or speed…
barometer
An instrument for determining the pressure of the atmosphere
20 terms
Earth Science
fuels
earth materials
earthquake
erosion
substances that can be burned to produce heat or power
solid natural materials that come from the earth
a violent shaking or vibration of the ground due to movement…
when wind or water carries weathered particles from one place…
fuels
substances that can be burned to produce heat or power
earth materials
solid natural materials that come from the earth
12 terms
Earth Science
satellite
atmosphere
craters
rock
an object (such as a moon) that moves around a much larger pl…
the whole mass of air that surrounds the Earth
a large round hole in the ground made by the explosion of a b…
the hard, solid material that the surface of the Earth is mad…
satellite
an object (such as a moon) that moves around a much larger pl…
atmosphere
the whole mass of air that surrounds the Earth
29 terms
Astronomy: Earth Science - WFHS
solar system
orbit
revolve
rotate
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
The circles represent Earth moving around the Sun as the moon…
To spin on an axis take one day; 24 hours; night and day.
solar system
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
orbit
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 15
atmosphere
nitrogen gas
water vapor
air pressure
a mixture of gases that surround the Earth
makes up 78% of the atmosphere
water in the form of an invisible gas
measure of the force with which air molecules push on a surface
atmosphere
a mixture of gases that surround the Earth
nitrogen gas
makes up 78% of the atmosphere
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 22
astronomical unit
core
parts of the sun
parts of the sun's atmosphere
The average distance between Earth and the sun, about 150 mil…
the part of the sun where thermonuclear reactions occur
core, radiative zone, convective zone
chromosphere, prominence, corona, spicules
astronomical unit
The average distance between Earth and the sun, about 150 mil…
core
the part of the sun where thermonuclear reactions occur
14 terms
Earth Science Fronts
warm front
low pressure
High Pressure
cold front
a mass of warm air overtakes a cold air mass and moves over i…
stormy weather... Warm Moist Air rises and makes clouds
Cool Dry Air... Fair/Sunny Weather
The boundary of an advancing mass of cold air, in particular…
warm front
a mass of warm air overtakes a cold air mass and moves over i…
low pressure
stormy weather... Warm Moist Air rises and makes clouds
32 terms
Earth Science
plates
fault
hot spot
weathering
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
A place where magma partially melts through Earth's crust and…
A slow process that breaks down rocks into smaller pieces.
plates
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
fault
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
36 terms
Earth Science: Galaxies and Stars
Star
Doppler Effect
Red Shift
Light Year
A large celestial body that is composed of gas and emits light.
A change in the speed (frequency) of a wave due to the moveme…
A shift towards the red end of the electromagnetic spectrum d…
The distance that light travels in one year
Star
A large celestial body that is composed of gas and emits light.
Doppler Effect
A change in the speed (frequency) of a wave due to the moveme…
22 terms
Rock Unit_ Earth Science
Natural resource
Texture
Igneous
Intrusive
something that occurs naturally that we use
arrangement of mineral grains
a rock that forms from magma or lava
an igneous rock that forms from magma
Natural resource
something that occurs naturally that we use
Texture
arrangement of mineral grains
33 terms
Earth Science-Weather/Clouds
Evaporation
saturated
humidity
condensation
cannot hold any more water
water vapor in the atmosphere
Evaporation
saturated
cannot hold any more water
13 terms
Earth Science
Earth Science
Geology
Geologist
Oceanography
A science that seeks to understand Earth and its atmosphere.
The study of the history and structure of the Earth and the p…
A scientist who studying the processes and history of the Ear…
A scientific study of the sea.
Earth Science
A science that seeks to understand Earth and its atmosphere.
Geology
The study of the history and structure of the Earth and the p…
125 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary
Abrasion
Absolute Age
Air Mass
Air Pressure
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
Large body of air
Effect of the weight of atmosphere pressing on a given surfac…
Abrasion
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Absolute Age
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
10 terms
What is Earth Science?
observation
inference
astronomy
geology
Information obtained through the senses.
A conclusion based on observations
Study of the Earth, Earth's neighbors in space, and the unive…
science dealing with the Earth's crust and Earth's history as…
observation
Information obtained through the senses.
inference
A conclusion based on observations
8 terms
Earth and Environmental Science
Thrust fault
Normal fault
Transform fault
Compression forces
...
...
Thrust fault
Normal fault
66 terms
Earth Science
core
mantle
crust
density
inner most layer of the earth; separated into two parts: inne…
middle layer of earth, semi-liquid (or plastic-like)
thin outer layer of the earth
how tightly packed the molecules are within an object; mass/v…
core
inner most layer of the earth; separated into two parts: inne…
mantle
middle layer of earth, semi-liquid (or plastic-like)
36 terms
Earth Science Sculpting Earth's Surface
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Frost wedging
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
23 terms
earth science
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mesosphere
outer core
the solid, outer layer of the Earth that consists of the crus…
the zone or layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere where…
the "middle sphere" - the strong, lower part of the mantle be…
the liquid layer of the Earth's core that lies beneath the ma…
lithosphere
the solid, outer layer of the Earth that consists of the crus…
asthenosphere
the zone or layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere where…
53 terms
Earth Science Review 2
Nutation
365.25 days
Summer
Winter
The wobble in a planet's axis as it revolves
the time it takes for the Earth to make one revolution around…
Season that results from the hemisphere being tilted toward t…
Season that results from the hemisphere being tilted away fro…
Nutation
The wobble in a planet's axis as it revolves
365.25 days
the time it takes for the Earth to make one revolution around…
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