Study sets matching "and earth science"

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Study sets matching "and earth science"

Earth and Environmental Science Glossary
Kepler's first law
Kepler's second law
Kepler's third law
precession
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
The ratio of the squares of the periods of any two planets is…
change in direction of the axis, but without any change in ti…
Kepler's first law
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
Kepler's second law
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
6 terms
Earth science
Hydrosphere
Biosphere
Atmosphere
Geosphere
Water on earth
Life
Holds oxygen in earth
Rock
Hydrosphere
Water on earth
Biosphere
Life
Science MSA - Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
24 terms
Earth Science
convergent
divergent
transform
destructive
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
boundaries that slide past each other and create earthquakes
forces that destroy the earth
convergent
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
divergent
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
Earth and science
Weathering
Erosion
Geohazzard
Hydrology
Wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something)…
The process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or oth…
Geological and environmental conditions and involve long-term…
The branch of science concerned with the properties of the ea…
Weathering
Wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something)…
Erosion
The process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or oth…
Earth Science
Theory
Fission
Anthophyta
Stomata
Once a hypothesis has been verified and accepted it becomes a…
Nuclear process where atomic nuclei split a part to form smal…
Division of plants that produces seeds as part of reproductio…
Part of the plant system that responds to stimuli by releasin…
Theory
Once a hypothesis has been verified and accepted it becomes a…
Fission
Nuclear process where atomic nuclei split a part to form smal…
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
weathering
erosion
physical weathering and chemical weath…
ice wedging
the break down of rocks by natural forces
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
the 2 general types of weathering
a type of weathering that occurs when rainwater soaks into cr…
weathering
the break down of rocks by natural forces
erosion
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
105 terms
Earth Science SOL Vocabulary
Abyssal Plain
Acid Rain
Anemometer
Asteroid
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
An instrument used to measure wind speed.
Enormous rocks or boulders that revolve around the sun, usual…
Abyssal Plain
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Acid Rain
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Weather
Air pressure
Barometer
Humidity
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Force of air against a unit of area
Instrument used to measure air pressure
Amount of water vapor in the air
Weather
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Air pressure
Force of air against a unit of area
18 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 6
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rocks causing plate movement
rocks under stress being pulled and stretched; rocks becomes…
stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks; forms mou…
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
stress
a force that acts on rocks causing plate movement
tension
rocks under stress being pulled and stretched; rocks becomes…
Earth Science
weathering
erosion
deposition
delta
the breaking down of rock into sediment
the movement of sediment from one place to another
the laying down of sediment
a fan shaped deposit of sediment at the mouth of a river
weathering
the breaking down of rock into sediment
erosion
the movement of sediment from one place to another
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science
geology
oceanography
meteorology
astronomy
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth…
the study of the sea
the study of the earth's atmosphere, especially in relation t…
the study of the universe and the objects in it
geology
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth…
oceanography
the study of the sea
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1
geology
oceanography
meteorology
astronomy
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth…
the scientific study of the sea
the scientific study of the Earth's atmosphere, especially in…
the study of the universe
geology
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth…
oceanography
the scientific study of the sea
43 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Gyre
Up-welling
Down-welling
Thermohaline circulation
The large, circular surface-current pattern found in each oce…
The rising of cold water from deeper layers to replace warmer…
...
Movements of ocean water caused by density differences brough…
Gyre
The large, circular surface-current pattern found in each oce…
Up-welling
The rising of cold water from deeper layers to replace warmer…
Earth Science
core
mantle
crust
density
inner most layer of the earth; separated into two parts: inne…
middle layer of earth, semi-liquid (or plastic-like)
thin outer layer of the earth
how tightly packed the molecules are within an object; mass/v…
core
inner most layer of the earth; separated into two parts: inne…
mantle
middle layer of earth, semi-liquid (or plastic-like)
Earth Science: Galaxies and Stars
Star
Doppler Effect
Red Shift
Light Year
A large celestial body that is composed of gas and emits light.
A change in the speed (frequency) of a wave due to the moveme…
A shift towards the red end of the electromagnetic spectrum d…
The distance that light travels in one year
Star
A large celestial body that is composed of gas and emits light.
Doppler Effect
A change in the speed (frequency) of a wave due to the moveme…
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Oceanography
Salinity
Thermocline
Isothermal
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
A layer of water in which there is a rapid change in TEMPERAT…
The high-latitude cure displays a pattern quite different fro…
Oceanography
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
Salinity
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
Earth Science Regents Review
Density remains the same regardless of…
Density (increases or decreases) when…
As temperature increases, density (inc…
Water (contracts or expands) when it f…
Pressure and temperature are constant
Increases
Decreases
Expands
Density remains the same regardless of…
Pressure and temperature are constant
Density (increases or decreases) when…
Increases
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Minerals
Mineralogy
native elements
halides
substances that are found naturally in the earth and have a c…
the branch of geology that deals with the identification and…
substances that exist naturally in the earth's crust as singl…
consists of compounds made with the elements fluorine, chlori…
Minerals
substances that are found naturally in the earth and have a c…
Mineralogy
the branch of geology that deals with the identification and…
42 terms
Earth Science
geologist
geology
mantle
core
A scientist who studies the forces that make and shape Earth
The scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of…
Earth's thickest layer between the crust and the core; made o…
Innermost layer of Earth; extreme heat and pressure and has t…
geologist
A scientist who studies the forces that make and shape Earth
geology
The scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of…
Earth and Space Science
anemometer
barometer
climate
convection
An instrument for measuring and indicating the force or speed…
An instrument for determining the pressure of the atmosphere
The average course or condition of the weather at a place usu…
The circulatory motion that occurs in a fluid at a non-unifro…
anemometer
An instrument for measuring and indicating the force or speed…
barometer
An instrument for determining the pressure of the atmosphere
64 terms
Earth Science
Plate tectonics
Plates
Divergence
Convergence
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
- 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises…
- crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pl…
Plate tectonics
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
Plates
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
Intro to Earth Science
Science
Observing
Predicting
Scientific Inquiry
A way of learning about the natural world. Science also inclu…
Using one or more of your senses to gather... information.
Making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on…
Refers to the many ways in which scientists study the natural…
Science
A way of learning about the natural world. Science also inclu…
Observing
Using one or more of your senses to gather... information.
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 15
atmosphere
nitrogen gas
water vapor
air pressure
a mixture of gases that surround the Earth
makes up 78% of the atmosphere
water in the form of an invisible gas
measure of the force with which air molecules push on a surface
atmosphere
a mixture of gases that surround the Earth
nitrogen gas
makes up 78% of the atmosphere
133 terms
Earth Science Regents
1. Density is
2. **As temperature increases
3. **As pressure increases
4. The same objects have the
how close or compact the molecules are
molecules spread out (volume increases) and density decreases…
molecules move closer together and density increases (direct)
same density NO MATTER WHAT SIZE
1. Density is
how close or compact the molecules are
2. **As temperature increases
molecules spread out (volume increases) and density decreases…
Earth Science
Air Mass
Air pressure
Anemometer
Barometer
A large body of air with similar Characteristics throughout
The weight of The overlying air
Instrument used to measure Wind speed
Instrument to measure air pressure
Air Mass
A large body of air with similar Characteristics throughout
Air pressure
The weight of The overlying air
29 terms
Moon Phases Earth Science
New Moon
Waxing Crescent
First Quarter
Waxing Gibbous
When we cannot see any part of the illuminated moon on Earth.
The first visible phase after a new moon.
The moon phase between waxing crescent and waxing gibbous.
The phase after first quarter before the full moon.
New Moon
When we cannot see any part of the illuminated moon on Earth.
Waxing Crescent
The first visible phase after a new moon.
43 terms
Earth science
Earth science
geology
oceanography
meteorology
is the study of all the sciences that help us to understand t…
a word that literally means : study of Earth". It is traditio…
the study the oceans in all their aspects and relationship, i…
is the study of the atmosphere and the process that produce w…
Earth science
is the study of all the sciences that help us to understand t…
geology
a word that literally means : study of Earth". It is traditio…
Earth Science Chapter 11
elastic limit
earthquake
three types of faults
three types of forces on rocks
how far an object can bend without breaking
vibrations produced by breaking of rock
normal faluts, reverse faults, strike-slip faults
tension, compression, shear... Compression is the force that squ…
elastic limit
how far an object can bend without breaking
earthquake
vibrations produced by breaking of rock
8 terms
Earth and Environmental Science
Thrust fault
Normal fault
Transform fault
Compression forces
...
...
Thrust fault
Normal fault
14 terms
Earth Science Weather & Tools
Barometer
Thermometer
Anemometer
Wind Vane
measures air pressure
measure air temperature
measures speed of the wind
tells which direction the wind is coming from
Barometer
measures air pressure
Thermometer
measure air temperature
Earth science
What is adhesion
What is cohesion
what is polarity
The most freshwater is stored where
Water molecules are attracted to other substances
Water molecules are attracted to other water molecules
uneven distribution of charge between the molecules two ends
Aquifer usually found in glaciers and Ice bellow the ground o…
What is adhesion
Water molecules are attracted to other substances
What is cohesion
Water molecules are attracted to other water molecules
12 terms
Earth Science
3 types of rocks
how do you identify a mineral?
how does metamorphic rock form?
rocks with many layers
metamorphic, igneous, sedimentary
look at its properties... luster... streak... hardness... cleavage... color
heat and pressure
sedimentary
3 types of rocks
metamorphic, igneous, sedimentary
how do you identify a mineral?
look at its properties... luster... streak... hardness... cleavage... color
33 terms
Earth Science-Weather/Clouds
Evaporation
saturated
humidity
condensation
cannot hold any more water
water vapor in the atmosphere
Evaporation
saturated
cannot hold any more water
earth science
earth science
astronomy
evolution
stratification of rocks
the scope of studies about the origin of earth, subsystems of…
about cosmic events
the process of change in the organism
shows the age of rocks
earth science
the scope of studies about the origin of earth, subsystems of…
astronomy
about cosmic events
40 terms
Earth and Space Science
Apparent Magnitude
Asteroid Belt
Astronomical Unit
Biosphere
a measure of apparent brightness as viewed by an observer on…
an area made of rocks and metal that separates the inner and…
unit used to measure distances in the solar system
refers to the part of the Earth in which all the life forms e…
Apparent Magnitude
a measure of apparent brightness as viewed by an observer on…
Asteroid Belt
an area made of rocks and metal that separates the inner and…
10 terms
What is Earth Science?
observation
inference
astronomy
geology
Information obtained through the senses.
A conclusion based on observations
Study of the Earth, Earth's neighbors in space, and the unive…
science dealing with the Earth's crust and Earth's history as…
observation
Information obtained through the senses.
inference
A conclusion based on observations
21 terms
6-Earth Science-Views Of Earth
Plains
Coastal Plains
Interior Plains
Plateaus
large flat areas of land
sometimes called "Lowland" because they are so close to sea l…
referred to as "The Great Plains" located between the Appalac…
Flat, raised areas of land made up of nearly horizontal rocks…
Plains
large flat areas of land
Coastal Plains
sometimes called "Lowland" because they are so close to sea l…
36 terms
Earth Science Sculpting Earth's Surface
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Frost wedging
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
32 terms
Earth Science
plates
fault
hot spot
weathering
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
A place where magma partially melts through Earth's crust and…
A slow process that breaks down rocks into smaller pieces.
plates
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
fault
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
32 terms
Earth Science Review Teams
plates
fault
hot spot
weathering
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
A place where magma partially melts through Earth's crust and…
A slow process that breaks down rocks into smaller pieces.
plates
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
fault
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
31 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 22
astronomical unit
plasma
solar wind
solar flares
the distance between the sun and the earth; 93 million miles
super heated ionized gas; the state of matter of the sun
the continuous mass of particles (protons and electrons) that…
severe solar storms that can disrupt earth communications
astronomical unit
the distance between the sun and the earth; 93 million miles
plasma
super heated ionized gas; the state of matter of the sun
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 22
astronomical unit
core
parts of the sun
parts of the sun's atmosphere
The average distance between Earth and the sun, about 150 mil…
the part of the sun where thermonuclear reactions occur
core, radiative zone, convective zone
chromosphere, prominence, corona, spicules
astronomical unit
The average distance between Earth and the sun, about 150 mil…
core
the part of the sun where thermonuclear reactions occur
12 terms
Earth Science (decay)
Radiocarbon Dating
Decay
Half-Life
Oldest
Process used to determine the age of fossils by measuring car…
Break down of organic material
Time it takes for 1/2 material to decay
Rock at the bottom... (A)
Radiocarbon Dating
Process used to determine the age of fossils by measuring car…
Decay
Break down of organic material
7 terms
earth science
Equator
International dateline
latitude
longitude
0 degrees latitude on the earth
an imaginary line of longitude located at 180 degrees
an imaginary horizontal line that measures distance north or…
imaginary vertical lines that measure east and west of the pr…
Equator
0 degrees latitude on the earth
International dateline
an imaginary line of longitude located at 180 degrees
Earth and Space Science
weathering
physical weathering
ice wedging
chemical weathering
the process by which rocks are broken down by forces of nature
the breakdown of large rocks into fragments by physical force…
occurs when rainwater or melted ice soaks into tiny cracks in…
the process when minerals in rock react chemically with air o…
weathering
the process by which rocks are broken down by forces of nature
physical weathering
the breakdown of large rocks into fragments by physical force…
Earth science
Matter
Energy
System
Open system
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The strength and spirituality for sustained physical or menta…
A set of particles or interacting componets considered to be…
a material system in which mass or energy can be lost to or g…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Energy
The strength and spirituality for sustained physical or menta…
38 terms
Science Review: Earth Science
constructive forces
destructive forces
deposition
sand dunes
build up the land (earthquakes, volcanoes, wind)
break down the land (wind, water, ice, earthquakes, volcanoes…
depositing sediment to create a new landform... (sand dunes)
created when wind blows sand/sediment from one place to anoth…
constructive forces
build up the land (earthquakes, volcanoes, wind)
destructive forces
break down the land (wind, water, ice, earthquakes, volcanoes…
21 terms
Earth science
Salinity
Benthos
Plankton
Benthic zone
...
...
...
...
Salinity
...
Benthos
...
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
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