Study sets matching "and ethical considerations"

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Study sets matching "and ethical considerations"

6 terms
Ethical Considerations
Informed consent
Confidentiality
Deception
Debriefing
An ethical principle requiring that research participants be…
Any information gathered about a participant must not be reve…
Carrying out research without fully explaining it's purpose
A verbal description of the true nature and purpose of a study
Informed consent
An ethical principle requiring that research participants be…
Confidentiality
Any information gathered about a participant must not be reve…
54 terms
Ethical Considerations
Informed consent
Confidentiality
Deception
Debriefing
An ethical principle requiring that research participants be…
Any information gathered about a participant must not be reve…
Carrying out research without fully explaining it's purpose
A verbal description of the true nature and purpose of a study
Informed consent
An ethical principle requiring that research participants be…
Confidentiality
Any information gathered about a participant must not be reve…
Ethical Considerations
Genetic counselling
Surrogacy
Eugenics
Reproductive law
advising the future parents of what genetic disorder their ch…
providing care for a unborn baby and giving birth to a baby t…
The encouragement of reproduction between individuals with ge…
governs the reproductive process
Genetic counselling
advising the future parents of what genetic disorder their ch…
Surrogacy
providing care for a unborn baby and giving birth to a baby t…
7 terms
Ethical Considerations
Voluntary Participation
Confidentiality
Withdrawal Rights
Harm
Experimenter must not pressure participants to take part in e…
Participants have the right to privacy. No personal details c…
Experimenter must inform participants that they are free to p…
No lasting psychological harm can be put on participants. Exp…
Voluntary Participation
Experimenter must not pressure participants to take part in e…
Confidentiality
Participants have the right to privacy. No personal details c…
Ethical considerations
Reciprocity
Publicity
Trusted friends
Universality
What I want others to treat me or someone close to me this way
Would I be comfortable if my actions were fully and fairly de…
Would I be comfortable telling my best friend spells or child…
Would I advise anyone else in my situation to act this
Reciprocity
What I want others to treat me or someone close to me this way
Publicity
Would I be comfortable if my actions were fully and fairly de…
6 terms
Ethical Considerations
Informed consent
Confidentiality
Deception
Debriefing
An ethical principle requiring that research participants be…
Any information gathered about a participant must not be reve…
Carrying out research without fully explaining it's purpose
A verbal description of the true nature and purpose of a study
Informed consent
An ethical principle requiring that research participants be…
Confidentiality
Any information gathered about a participant must not be reve…
Ethical considerations
Utilitarianism
Kantianism
Christian ethics
Natural law theroies
Promotes action based on end result-consequence and end has t…
Principle or motivation has to be right-center of duty
Do not do to others what u wouldn't have them do to u
Do good and avoid evil
Utilitarianism
Promotes action based on end result-consequence and end has t…
Kantianism
Principle or motivation has to be right-center of duty
22 terms
Ethical Considerations
Autonomy
Beneficience
Confidentiality
Dilemma
right of an individual to self-determination... ability to indep…
doing good for other or bringing about good for them
not disclosing data or info that should be kept private to pr…
one moral conviction or right action conflicts with another
Autonomy
right of an individual to self-determination... ability to indep…
Beneficience
doing good for other or bringing about good for them
16 terms
Ethical Considerations
Ethics
Protection of human participants
The Belmont Report (1979)
Special protections for vulnerable pop…
Moral values held by a community that guide their behavior... E…
Participants need to provide:... (a) voluntary (b) informed cons…
1) RIGHT OF PERSONS:... voluntary participation... 2) BENEFICIENCE…
prisoners, children, pregnant women and their fetuses, person…
Ethics
Moral values held by a community that guide their behavior... E…
Protection of human participants
Participants need to provide:... (a) voluntary (b) informed cons…
7 terms
Ethical Considerations
Fives P's
FGM
FAM
Tubal ligation (Women)... Vasectomy (Men)
Purpose: Under stand your purpose... Pride: Have pride in wgat y…
Female Genital Mutilation
Fertility Awareness Methods
Sterilization
Fives P's
Purpose: Under stand your purpose... Pride: Have pride in wgat y…
FGM
Female Genital Mutilation
Ethical Considerations
The role of the experimenter
Confidentiality
Voluntary participation
Informed consent
- Experimenters should not abuse this trust. ... -They must main…
- The right a participant has to privacy in terms of access,…
- Participants need to voluntary decide if they want to parti…
- The researcher must obtain written, informed... consent from e…
The role of the experimenter
- Experimenters should not abuse this trust. ... -They must main…
Confidentiality
- The right a participant has to privacy in terms of access,…
27 terms
Ethical Considerations
patient self- determination act
patient self- determination act
patient's health care preferences, med…
legal precedent, EBM, and individual /…
an established guide to allow patients to participate fully i…
patient-physician balance of morals and values vs risks and b…
things that fall within ethical decision making:
what are the 3 realms of medical ethics
patient self- determination act
an established guide to allow patients to participate fully i…
patient self- determination act
patient-physician balance of morals and values vs risks and b…
Ethical Considerations
Nurse Code of Ethics
Boundaries
Boundary Violations
Competency
Should provide for their patient:... respect for human dignity,…
limits of professional relationship that allow safe connectio…
-when there is confusion between professional's needs and pat…
Patients declared imcompetent and unable to make decisions…
Nurse Code of Ethics
Should provide for their patient:... respect for human dignity,…
Boundaries
limits of professional relationship that allow safe connectio…
Ethical Considerations
Morals
Ethicis
Law
Major Principles of Ethics
beliefs, principles & values about what is right & wrong, whi…
how individuals conduct themselves in personal & professional…
everyone in society has duty to comply with administrative, c…
-Autonomy (self-governance): ... -Beneficence:pt's best interest…
Morals
beliefs, principles & values about what is right & wrong, whi…
Ethicis
how individuals conduct themselves in personal & professional…
Ethical considerations
confidentiality
voluntary participation
informed consent
deception
is a set of rules or a promise that limits access or places r…
The experimenter must try to ensure that participants volunta…
Wherever possible, participants must be appropriately informe…
Sometimes, giving participants information about a study may…
confidentiality
is a set of rules or a promise that limits access or places r…
voluntary participation
The experimenter must try to ensure that participants volunta…
Ethical Considerations
Respect
Informed consent
Right to withdraw
Confidentiality
This area considers the necessity for gaining consent from pa…
Consent should be gained from all participants. Where possibl…
At any time, participants should have the right to withdraw f…
Participants have the right to their data being kept entirely…
Respect
This area considers the necessity for gaining consent from pa…
Informed consent
Consent should be gained from all participants. Where possibl…
7 terms
Ethical considerations
informed consent
confidentiality
deception
protection from harm
agreement to participate... e.g. Stanford prison experiment - ag…
no real names. numbers or pseudonyms... e.g. case studies, Rosen…
deceived of true aims of study... e.g. tests on memory
avoid situations that may cause psychological or physical dam…
informed consent
agreement to participate... e.g. Stanford prison experiment - ag…
confidentiality
no real names. numbers or pseudonyms... e.g. case studies, Rosen…
8 terms
ethical considerations
what are ethical considerations?
harm
confidentiality
voluntary participation
ethical considerations are precautions taken to protect the p…
no lasting harm to participants
participants must not be named or identified in the research
people must be willing to be involved in the study not pressu…
what are ethical considerations?
ethical considerations are precautions taken to protect the p…
harm
no lasting harm to participants
Ethical considerations
do not harm
No decpition
Debriefing
Informed Consent
...
...
...
...
do not harm
...
No decpition
...
7 terms
Ethical considerations
No lasting harm to participants
Confidentiality
Voluntary participation
Informed consent
The overall goal and must be considered at all times
Participants have a right to privacy and must not be identifi…
Participants must be willing to take part in the study. They…
The researcher must give detail of the study, including the e…
No lasting harm to participants
The overall goal and must be considered at all times
Confidentiality
Participants have a right to privacy and must not be identifi…
Ethical Considerations
contemporary tech
Spatial data
Privacy
Advertising
premised on data 'sharing'
may give away more than intended
seen as preventing progress but not always a bad thing (forge…
business model for search engines is advertising -> conflict…
contemporary tech
premised on data 'sharing'
Spatial data
may give away more than intended
Ethical Considerations
what is the Nuremberg Code?
what 2 things does the Nuremberg Code…
what was the Tuskeegee Syphilis experi…
what does the declaration of helsinki…
a set of research ethics principles for human experimentation…
The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely esse…
between 1932 and 1972, the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) c…
therapeutic vs. non-therapeutic research
what is the Nuremberg Code?
a set of research ethics principles for human experimentation…
what 2 things does the Nuremberg Code…
The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely esse…
Ethical Considerations
Importance of ethics
Morals
Ethics
Laws
1. Ethical considerations are the basis of all laws and regul…
A system of beliefs, about what is good and bad behavior
Principals of conduct, or how we act out our morals... Our day…
Good practice/work ethics codified by a legal jurisdiction
Importance of ethics
1. Ethical considerations are the basis of all laws and regul…
Morals
A system of beliefs, about what is good and bad behavior
7 terms
Ethical Considerations
Name the 6 Ethical Considerations
What is Physical and Psychological Harm?
What is Informed Consent?
What is Voluntary Participation?
1) physical and psychological harm... 2) informed consent... 3) vol…
Considering possible harms and minimising risks to participan…
Must be fully informed of the nature and aims of the research…
Must not be given incentives, pressure or punishments based o…
Name the 6 Ethical Considerations
1) physical and psychological harm... 2) informed consent... 3) vol…
What is Physical and Psychological Harm?
Considering possible harms and minimising risks to participan…
Ethical Considerations
All providers are reminded to strive t…
Issues of bioethics common to every me…
Decisions made by Congress, health sys…
In _______, the ovum is fertilized in…
b. ethnicity
e. all of the above
a. macroallocation
d. in vitro fertilization
All providers are reminded to strive t…
b. ethnicity
Issues of bioethics common to every me…
e. all of the above
16 terms
Ethical Considerations
why is it a good idea to go under the…
voluntary admissions under 16:
involuntary admissions under 16:
process of voluntary admission for you…
offers more protection, gives them opportunity to get a revie…
can be admitted by parent/guardian *if physician and director…
same forms regardless of age!
form 1 (request)... form 2 (consent) completed by parents... form…
why is it a good idea to go under the…
offers more protection, gives them opportunity to get a revie…
voluntary admissions under 16:
can be admitted by parent/guardian *if physician and director…
6 terms
Ethical considerations
Diagnosis definition
Ethical considerations definition
Stigmatisation
Self-stigma
The identification of disease on the basis of symptoms, clini…
...
Stigma towards those with mental illnesses can cause problems…
-leading to self-fulfilling prophecy... -internalise the role of…
Diagnosis definition
The identification of disease on the basis of symptoms, clini…
Ethical considerations definition
...
Ethical Considerations
Informed consent
Right to withdraw
Confidentiality
Protection of participants
informed as far as possible
At any time
data being kept entirely confidential
protected from all physical and psychological harm
Informed consent
informed as far as possible
Right to withdraw
At any time
8 terms
Ethical considerations
Informed consent ... (RESPECT)
Right to withdraw (RESPECT)
Condidentiality (RESPECT)
COMPETENCE
Participants knowing what they are being asked to do in a stu…
Should be told before experiment begins
Not recording people's names (or changing them, using initial…
Shouldn't talk about things you're not qualified to
Informed consent ... (RESPECT)
Participants knowing what they are being asked to do in a stu…
Right to withdraw (RESPECT)
Should be told before experiment begins
Ethical considerations
Informed consent
deception
protection from harm
right to withdraw
having sufficient knowledge about a study to know whether you…
participants should not be deliberately misinformed about the…
participants should not be put at any greater physical or psy…
a participant should be aware that they can remove themselves…
Informed consent
having sufficient knowledge about a study to know whether you…
deception
participants should not be deliberately misinformed about the…
18 terms
Ethical Considerations
Ethics
Values
Deontology
Utilitarianism
The study of conduct and character. It is concerned with dete…
Personal beliefs about the worth of a given idea, attitude, c…
Defines actions as right or wrong
Proposes that the value of something is determined by its use…
Ethics
The study of conduct and character. It is concerned with dete…
Values
Personal beliefs about the worth of a given idea, attitude, c…
10 terms
Ethical Considerations
9 Ethical Considerations
Withdrawal rights
Confidentiality
Deception in research
Withdrawal rights, Confidentiality, Deception, Voluntary part…
...
...
...
9 Ethical Considerations
Withdrawal rights, Confidentiality, Deception, Voluntary part…
Withdrawal rights
...
Ethical Considerations
Informed consent
Confidentiality
Deception
Debriefing
An ethical principle requiring that research participants be…
Any information gathered about a participant must not be reve…
Carrying out research without fully explaining it's purpose
A verbal description of the true nature and purpose of a study
Informed consent
An ethical principle requiring that research participants be…
Confidentiality
Any information gathered about a participant must not be reve…
Ethical Considerations
Informed consent
Confidentiality
Voluntary participation
Withdrawal rights
Researchers must obtain written, informed permission from the…
A participant's right to privacy in terms of access, storage…
A participant must be willing to partake in the experiment wi…
Right of the participant to cease their participation in a st…
Informed consent
Researchers must obtain written, informed permission from the…
Confidentiality
A participant's right to privacy in terms of access, storage…
21 terms
Ethical considerations
Two aspects for ethical consideration
Two approaches company take to avoid d…
Political variable
Social variable
Communicating w cultures w different ethical and different laws
Moral minimum- don't reinforce patterns of discrimination and…
issue includes trade issues and legal issues. (country may fo…
gender and business customs. (women in certain places have le…
Two aspects for ethical consideration
Communicating w cultures w different ethical and different laws
Two approaches company take to avoid d…
Moral minimum- don't reinforce patterns of discrimination and…
7 terms
Ethical considerations
Right to withdraw
Deception
Protection from emotional and physical…
Informed consent
participants have the right to withdraw from the experiment a…
participants have the right to know the true nature of the ex…
participants have the right to be protected from any emotiona…
participants must sign a consent form which clearly outlines…
Right to withdraw
participants have the right to withdraw from the experiment a…
Deception
participants have the right to know the true nature of the ex…
Ethical Considerations
informed consent
debrief
protection of participants
deception
before the study begins, the researcher must outline to parti…
gives the participants a general idea of what the researched…
researchers must ensure that participants will not be caused…
when a participant is misled or wrongly informed about the ai…
informed consent
before the study begins, the researcher must outline to parti…
debrief
gives the participants a general idea of what the researched…
Ethical Considerations
Informed consent
Confidentiality
Deception
Debriefing
An ethical principle requiring that research participants be…
Any information gathered about a participant must not be reve…
Carrying out research without fully explaining it's purpose
A verbal description of the true nature and purpose of a study
Informed consent
An ethical principle requiring that research participants be…
Confidentiality
Any information gathered about a participant must not be reve…
ethical considerations
confidentiality
voluntary participation
withdrawal rights
informed consent procedures
any details involved in a study cannot be disclosed unless th…
participants involved must be voluntary. must not suffer nega…
participants have the right to withdraw from the experiment a…
completion of a consent form should happen before the experim…
confidentiality
any details involved in a study cannot be disclosed unless th…
voluntary participation
participants involved must be voluntary. must not suffer nega…
Ethical Considerations
Confidentiality
Voluntary Participation
Withdrawal Rights
Informed Consent
A participants right to privacy in terms of access, storage a…
Ensures that a participant willingly decides to take part in…
Refers to the right of the participant to cease their partici…
When the participant has agreed to participate in the experim…
Confidentiality
A participants right to privacy in terms of access, storage a…
Voluntary Participation
Ensures that a participant willingly decides to take part in…
8 terms
Ethical considerations
young, elderly, mentally ill need cons…
not getting told the true aims of the…
told true aims of the study after it i…
no income is being recieved from parti…
what is informed consent?
What is deception?
What is debriefing ?
What is voluntary participation?
young, elderly, mentally ill need cons…
what is informed consent?
not getting told the true aims of the…
What is deception?
27 terms
Ethical Considerations
Ethics
Nurses as agents
False (According to Bruhn, it is often…
Moral uncertainty
The systematic study of what a person's conduct and actions o…
Nurses are often placed in situations where they are expected…
It is usually the rigid culture of organizations that leads t…
Occurs when an individual is unsure which moral principles or…
Ethics
The systematic study of what a person's conduct and actions o…
Nurses as agents
Nurses are often placed in situations where they are expected…
Ethical Considerations
What are the 4 main ethical principles?
Within the principle of respect, what…
What is meant by competence?
Within the principle of responsibility…
Respect, competence, responsibility, integrity
Informed consent must be gained by participants and they must…
It means that competence must maintain the highest standards…
Researcher must have ensured the protection of p's during the…
What are the 4 main ethical principles?
Respect, competence, responsibility, integrity
Within the principle of respect, what…
Informed consent must be gained by participants and they must…
Ethical considerations of
Name all ethical aspects... (Canadian Dee…
Consent
Deception
Right to withdraw
- Consent... - Deception... - Right to withdraw... - Debriefing... - Prot…
- Participants must be informed about the nature of the study…
- Information must not be withheld from the participant nor s…
- Participants should have the right to withdraw whether they…
Name all ethical aspects... (Canadian Dee…
- Consent... - Deception... - Right to withdraw... - Debriefing... - Prot…
Consent
- Participants must be informed about the nature of the study…
Ethical Considerations
Autonomy?
Beneficence?
Nonmaleficience?
Justice?
a competent individual has the freedom to decide his/her cour…
Obligation to do good for our patients.
We must not harm our patients
All individuals will be treated fairly.
Autonomy?
a competent individual has the freedom to decide his/her cour…
Beneficence?
Obligation to do good for our patients.
6 terms
Ethical Consideration
Define physical and psychological harm:
Define informed consent:
Define voluntary participation:
Define deception and debriefing:
Possible harm and minimise risk to participants is to be cons…
Must be fully informed of nature and aims of the research. Al…
Must not be given incentives (money), pressure or punishments…
If participants need to be deceived for valid results, debrie…
Define physical and psychological harm:
Possible harm and minimise risk to participants is to be cons…
Define informed consent:
Must be fully informed of nature and aims of the research. Al…
6 terms
ethical consideration
informed consent
debrief
deception
confidentiality
have permission from the participant
participant must be made aware of everything that happened af…
participants can't be misinformed about the reason for the ex…
data gained from experiment must be kept anonymous
informed consent
have permission from the participant
debrief
participant must be made aware of everything that happened af…
15 terms
Legal and Ethical Considerations
At what point does appropriation becom…
How does appropriation fit in with pla…
Why do artists appropriate artworks?
When were moral rights introduced in A…
-hard to judge... -some artist may be flattered or amused... -other…
-different to plagiarism as it doesn't involve fraudulent int…
-because they wish to pay homage... -tribute to earlier artists…
in the year 2000
At what point does appropriation becom…
-hard to judge... -some artist may be flattered or amused... -other…
How does appropriation fit in with pla…
-different to plagiarism as it doesn't involve fraudulent int…
legal and ethical considerations phleb
code of ethics
consent
implied consent
informed consent
system of moral principles or standards governing conduct
granting of permission by the patient for another person to p…
nonverbal consent suggested by the actions of a patient
a voluntary agreement made by a well advised and mentally com…
code of ethics
system of moral principles or standards governing conduct
consent
granting of permission by the patient for another person to p…
12 terms
Ethical and Legal Considerations
A code of ethics is a set of guiding p…
You are floated to work on a nursing u…
Which act prevents the sale of informa…
What is the best example of the nurse…
Confidentiality is a principle that is used to keep the patie…
Alerting the nursing supervisor as a representative of the ho…
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) includes me…
None of these answers is wrong; but advocacy generally refers…
A code of ethics is a set of guiding p…
Confidentiality is a principle that is used to keep the patie…
You are floated to work on a nursing u…
Alerting the nursing supervisor as a representative of the ho…
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