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Study sets matching "and ethics philosophy human"

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Study sets matching "and ethics philosophy human"

10 terms
Ethics and Philosophy (human relationships)
marriage
non religious reasons; for
non religious reasons; against
P1
a relationship between a husband and wife which is legally re…
love, commitment, children
only a piece of paper, can show commitment in other ways
Procreation
marriage
a relationship between a husband and wife which is legally re…
non religious reasons; for
love, commitment, children
22 terms
Human Relationships/ Philosophy and Ethics
What does contraception mean?
Name a form of contraception that migh…
Describe the attitude of some christia…
state on thing which takes place durin…
Methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy such as condoms…
The rhythm method- this involves planning sex around the most…
Sex outside of marriage always constitutes as a sin as sexual…
The couple make their promises that they will love, comfort,…
What does contraception mean?
Methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy such as condoms…
Name a form of contraception that migh…
The rhythm method- this involves planning sex around the most…
11 terms
Philosophy and ethics- human relationships
Humans were created
Man was created first
The entrance
Declaration
In the image of God
Therefore men should rule over women- "he will rule over you"
Father gives daughter to groom
Importance of God in the ceremony and the supporting role of…
Humans were created
In the image of God
Man was created first
Therefore men should rule over women- "he will rule over you"
33 terms
Philosophy&ethics human experiences.
Conflict.
Interfaith community.
Interfaith dialogue.
Just war.
Clashes and breakdown of relationships.
A community that makes possible religious respect and dialogu…
Exploring common grounds between different faith groups.
A war undertaken to protect the innocent or those being viola…
Conflict.
Clashes and breakdown of relationships.
Interfaith community.
A community that makes possible religious respect and dialogu…
Philosophy and Ethics - Religion and Human Relationships
Annulment - Catholics are against divo…
Fornication - The sexual act carried o…
When the Bible was wrote women were co…
Catholics believe women shouldn't be p…
Celibacy - When someone do not have a sexual relationship wit…
"Till death do us part" - Wedding Vows
Today they are treated equally. Jesus treated mean the same a…
Protestant Christians believe women should have the same same…
Annulment - Catholics are against divo…
Celibacy - When someone do not have a sexual relationship wit…
Fornication - The sexual act carried o…
"Till death do us part" - Wedding Vows
34 terms
Philosophy of the Human Person - Ethical Theories
Divine Command Theory
Supernaturalism
Apriorism
Platonic realism
The theory that the will of God is the ultimate standard of m…
The theory that there is a dimension of reality independent o…
The theory that some (or all) knowledge is obtained a priori…
Abstract truths are true in virtue of the existence of a real…
Divine Command Theory
The theory that the will of God is the ultimate standard of m…
Supernaturalism
The theory that there is a dimension of reality independent o…
77 terms
Philosophy and Ethics
Socrates
Sophists
Socrate's beliefs
Socrates fate
Teacher of Plato. (470-399 B.CE.)
A varied and unorganized group of thinkers and teachers who t…
Some beliefs are objectively true and others are objectively…
Put to death in 399 B.C.E. for corrupting the youth of Athens.
Socrates
Teacher of Plato. (470-399 B.CE.)
Sophists
A varied and unorganized group of thinkers and teachers who t…
10 terms
Philosophy and Ethics - B6031 - Applied Ethics - Religion and Human Relationships
Ordained
Eucharist
Sacrament
Economy
An officially appointed priest or minister
A Christian sacrament that commemorates the Last Supper, with…
An outward, physical sign of an inward, invisible grace. The…
An act which is done out of concern for others
Ordained
An officially appointed priest or minister
Eucharist
A Christian sacrament that commemorates the Last Supper, with…
11 terms
Human Experimentation - A Level Philosophy & Ethics
Informed Consent
Placebos
Issue of Payment / Exploitation
Vulnerable Minorities
-
-
-
-
Informed Consent
-
Placebos
-
27 terms
Philosophy and Ethics
Aquinas Date
Aquinas Book
Paley date
Paley Book
13th century
Summa Theologica
18th century
Natural Theology
Aquinas Date
13th century
Aquinas Book
Summa Theologica
8 terms
Philosophy & Ethics
Dominion
Stewardship
Discrimination
Prejudice
Authority and power.
Responsibility of looking after something you have dominion o…
Treating someone unfairly due to personal prejudice.
Judging somebody without a reason before you know them.
Dominion
Authority and power.
Stewardship
Responsibility of looking after something you have dominion o…
16 terms
Philosophy Ethics
Ethics
Typical Questions
Absolutism
Relativism
concerned with human will, action, and responsibility, evalua…
Are there objective rules for moral conduct?... On what grounds…
there are universal moral standards
No moral standards exist universally
Ethics
concerned with human will, action, and responsibility, evalua…
Typical Questions
Are there objective rules for moral conduct?... On what grounds…
39 terms
Philosophy and Ethics
Abortion
Euthanasia
Near Death Experience
Paranormal
The removal of a foetus from a womb before it can survive
The painless killing of someone dying from a painful disease.
When someone who is about to die has an out of body experience.
Unexplained thing which are said to have spiritual causes e.g…
Abortion
The removal of a foetus from a womb before it can survive
Euthanasia
The painless killing of someone dying from a painful disease.
10 terms
Philosophy & Ethics: Human Relationship - Role of men & women
WhatWhat do Christians believe about m…
Roles of husband
Roles of wife
Book of peter
God shows no favoritism but men and women have been created f…
*His duties come first ... *he should provide & pursue his career
*must support husband ... *helper... *take care of children and house
"Wives submit to your husbands..... husbands treat your wives…
WhatWhat do Christians believe about m…
God shows no favoritism but men and women have been created f…
Roles of husband
*His duties come first ... *he should provide & pursue his career
10 terms
Philosophy and Ethics
Prejudice
Stereotype
Discrimination
Equality
Prejudice is prejudgment, or forming an opinion before becomi…
A generalization, usually exaggerated or oversimplified and o…
Behavior targeted at individuals or groups and intended to ho…
situation in which all people are treated the same and valued…
Prejudice
Prejudice is prejudgment, or forming an opinion before becomi…
Stereotype
A generalization, usually exaggerated or oversimplified and o…
77 terms
Philosophy (Ethics)
ethics
morals
theories of action
theories of character
Greek origin, "ethos", meaning character
Latin origin, "mores", meaning character, custom, habit
-guiding principle... -questions of how people ought to act
questions good and bad character traits
ethics
Greek origin, "ethos", meaning character
morals
Latin origin, "mores", meaning character, custom, habit
10 terms
Philosophy and Ethics
Stereotype
Prejudice
Discrimination
Ageism
Oversimplified image of someone or a group
Prejudging someone or something based on appearence, pre conc…
Acting on a thought or viewpoint and physically preventing th…
Discriminating against someone due to their age
Stereotype
Oversimplified image of someone or a group
Prejudice
Prejudging someone or something based on appearence, pre conc…
10 terms
Philosophy and ethics
Racism
Reconsilliation
Discrimination
Prejudice
noun... the belief that all members of each race possess charact…
.... the action of making one view or belief compatible with ano…
the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories o…
Judging before you know them
Racism
noun... the belief that all members of each race possess charact…
Reconsilliation
.... the action of making one view or belief compatible with ano…
51 terms
Philosophy Ethics
What do ethicists do?
Morals
Ethics
What is an ethicists approach
Study of practical wisdom about personal behavior = character…
customs or beliefs about how people should be and act
study of theories about these beliefs
Normative or prescriptive approach - examine what do people d…
What do ethicists do?
Study of practical wisdom about personal behavior = character…
Morals
customs or beliefs about how people should be and act
39 terms
Ethics Philosophy
_______________ began the way of think…
Ethics
Ethics studies:
Oughtness
The Greeks
Greek word "ethos" meaning Custom... (In latin this word would b…
What a man ought to do... What a man ought not to do... What a man…
What a man ought to do
_______________ began the way of think…
The Greeks
Ethics
Greek word "ethos" meaning Custom... (In latin this word would b…
10 terms
Philosophy and Ethics
Prejudice
Stereotyping
Discrimination
Equality
Pre-judging people based on factors that you can see or have…
The prediction of groups of people based on previous views or…
Behaving unfairly towards certain individuals or groups of pe…
The fair treatment of others to suit individual's needs.
Prejudice
Pre-judging people based on factors that you can see or have…
Stereotyping
The prediction of groups of people based on previous views or…
41 terms
Philosophy and ethics
Stereotyping
Prejudice
Discrimination
Racism
A generalised and simplistic mental idea of a group which is…
Believing some people are inferior or superior without even k…
To act on the basis of prejudice
The belief that some races are superior to others
Stereotyping
A generalised and simplistic mental idea of a group which is…
Prejudice
Believing some people are inferior or superior without even k…
30 terms
Philosophy Ethics
Teleology
virtue ethics
virtue
vice
morality serves a purpose
the belief that morality is not primarily about following rul…
good habits, excelences of character
bad habits, corruptness of character
Teleology
morality serves a purpose
virtue ethics
the belief that morality is not primarily about following rul…
10 terms
Philosophy & Ethics
Sterotype
Prejudice
Discrimination
Sexism
Oversimplified image or idea of someone or a group of people.
Prejudging someone or something.
Discriminating someone or a group of people for a certain opi…
Discriminating people or a group based in their gender.
Sterotype
Oversimplified image or idea of someone or a group of people.
Prejudice
Prejudging someone or something.
9 terms
ethics - philosophy
Socrates
Plato
Aristotle
John Stuart Mill
Earliest philosopher. Questioned everyday beliefs like "why d…
Wrote "The Allegory of the Cave." Famous philosopher for ques…
His philosophy was based on logic and reasoning.
Utilitarianism. Believed that humans should choose actions ba…
Socrates
Earliest philosopher. Questioned everyday beliefs like "why d…
Plato
Wrote "The Allegory of the Cave." Famous philosopher for ques…
16 terms
Philosophy: Ethics
Deontology
Absolute Duty
Prima Facie Duty
Positive Duty
Ethic based off of moral duty that is universally binding.
One that is always morally binding regardless of circumstances.
Morally binding unless it conflicts with a more pressing mora…
Actively doing something such as extending a helping hand.
Deontology
Ethic based off of moral duty that is universally binding.
Absolute Duty
One that is always morally binding regardless of circumstances.
27 terms
Philosophy ethics
Act state distinction
Practical syllogism
Kants thought of highest good in life
Actions have the right moral worth as…
Goodness the product of a act or the state of good. Is goodne…
Reasoning that ends in an action. Practical means action. The…
Doing your duty from the motive of duty. Happiness is not you…
...
Act state distinction
Goodness the product of a act or the state of good. Is goodne…
Practical syllogism
Reasoning that ends in an action. Practical means action. The…
21 terms
Ethics: Philosophy
Philosophy
Main branches of philosophy
Logic is concerned with
What must conform to the fundamental p…
The love of wisdom, "philo"-love... "Sophy"-wisdom
1. Logic... 2. Epistemology... 3. Metaphysics... 4. Ethics... 5. Aesthetics
The fundamental laws or principles of rational thought
Anything that can be stated that is meaningful
Philosophy
The love of wisdom, "philo"-love... "Sophy"-wisdom
Main branches of philosophy
1. Logic... 2. Epistemology... 3. Metaphysics... 4. Ethics... 5. Aesthetics
57 terms
Philosophy Ethics
Divine Command Theory
Problem with Divine Command Theory
Plato felt about the divine command th…
Plato says we should be moral because
God provides what is ethically right and wrong.
If moral goodness is defined in terms of God's will, it is me…
God's approve of certain actions because the actions are good.
immorality is a disease of the inner person.
Divine Command Theory
God provides what is ethically right and wrong.
Problem with Divine Command Theory
If moral goodness is defined in terms of God's will, it is me…
44 terms
Philosophy & Ethics
Idealism
Realism
Thomism
Pragmatism
This is the belief that nothing exist or is real. Idealist be…
This is the belief "matter and mind." This is the opposite of…
This is the belief that everything is created by God. In educ…
This is the belief that reality changes. They believe that wh…
Idealism
This is the belief that nothing exist or is real. Idealist be…
Realism
This is the belief "matter and mind." This is the opposite of…
119 terms
Philosophy/Ethics
Which statement is an argument opposin…
Utilitarians generally oppose programs…
Duty theory might be described as a de…
Valid deductive reasoning results in c…
All of the above.
False
I am willing that everyone would always tell the truth, there…
False
Which statement is an argument opposin…
All of the above.
Utilitarians generally oppose programs…
False
24 terms
Philosophy of Ethics
metaethics
normative ethics
Two formulas of the categorical impera…
Hedonism
the attempt to define and analyze the meaning of ethical term…
the systematic justification of moral institutions
1. always act according to a moral principle which you would…
Actions that will bring me the most amount of pleasure.
metaethics
the attempt to define and analyze the meaning of ethical term…
normative ethics
the systematic justification of moral institutions
10 terms
Philosophy Ethics
Egoism
Ethics
Morality
Nihilism
contends that we act morally when we act in a way that bet pr…
moral principle that govern a person's or group's behavior.
Morality consists of the standards that an individual or a gr…
The rejection of all moral and religious principles.
Egoism
contends that we act morally when we act in a way that bet pr…
Ethics
moral principle that govern a person's or group's behavior.
Philosophy Ethics
Relativism
Subjectivism
Absolutism
Objectivism
denies any absolute moral values that are common to all, and…
same as relativism
affirms that moral values are independent of individual opini…
same as absolutism
Relativism
denies any absolute moral values that are common to all, and…
Subjectivism
same as relativism
25 terms
Ethics in Philosophy
Ethics
Utilitarianism
Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill
Devine Command Theory
The study of right and wrong morality/exams moral principles/…
The value of any action or legislation can be derived from th…
Were founders of Utilitarianism
If God Tells you to do it, it is the right thing to do.
Ethics
The study of right and wrong morality/exams moral principles/…
Utilitarianism
The value of any action or legislation can be derived from th…
22 terms
Philosophy- Ethics
Premises
Conclusion
Argument
Good argument
The statements which provide the evidence or supporting reaso…
The statement for which evidence or supporting reasons are gi…
A set of statements, one of which is the conclusion, & the ot…
An argument in which the premises are true and the conclusion…
Premises
The statements which provide the evidence or supporting reaso…
Conclusion
The statement for which evidence or supporting reasons are gi…
8 terms
Ethics and Philosophy
Omnipotent
Omnipresent
Omniscient
Benevolent
All powerful
Is everywhere
Knows everything
Kind and loving
Omnipotent
All powerful
Omnipresent
Is everywhere
30 terms
Philosophy and Ethics
Morals
Ethics
Normative
Teleological
Rules by which a person/society live by
Theoretical moral principals
Systems by which we run our world today
A reason or explanation for something in function of its end,…
Morals
Rules by which a person/society live by
Ethics
Theoretical moral principals
25 terms
Philosophy - Ethics
Act Utilitarianism
Autonomy
Categorical imperative
Consequentialism
Utilitarian theory that focuses on judging whether individual…
self-rule or self- control; (a central concern for kantian et…
(Kantain idea about) the universal form of the moral law whic…
normative theory that focus on the consequences of actions
Act Utilitarianism
Utilitarian theory that focuses on judging whether individual…
Autonomy
self-rule or self- control; (a central concern for kantian et…
14 terms
Philosophy and ethics
Moral... Absolutism
Virtue ethics
Moral agent.
Voluntarism.
Moral absolutist believe thah certain ethical norms exist ind…
Morality based on the good an action produces for the moral a…
The person who makes an ethical decision or is primarily affe…
Morality based on obedience to the will of God or a system of…
Moral... Absolutism
Moral absolutist believe thah certain ethical norms exist ind…
Virtue ethics
Morality based on the good an action produces for the moral a…
10 terms
Philosophy ethics
ethics
deontology
absolutism
teleology
the branch of philosophy that involves discussing concepts of…
ethics based on duty, rules, laws
absolute morality. no exceptions. fixed rules
ethics based on the outcome of your actions
ethics
the branch of philosophy that involves discussing concepts of…
deontology
ethics based on duty, rules, laws
50 terms
Philosophy - Ethics
How does aristotle define Happiness? W…
Define Virtue and Vice
Virtue/Vice: Courage
Virtue/Vice: Temperance
"Happiness depends on ourselves"... It is the central purpose of…
Virtue: middle ground between defect and excess... Vice: opposit…
Virtue: Bravery... Excess: No fear - rash... Defect: Coward
Virtue: Being able to do everything in moderation... Excess: unn…
How does aristotle define Happiness? W…
"Happiness depends on ourselves"... It is the central purpose of…
Define Virtue and Vice
Virtue: middle ground between defect and excess... Vice: opposit…
10 terms
Ethics and philosophy
Active euthanasia
Cloning
Euthanasia
Just war
Ending of a life by a deliberate action
Scientific method where animals and plants can be created wit…
Inducing a painless death, with compassion, to ease suffering
A war that the Christian church defines as acceptable
Active euthanasia
Ending of a life by a deliberate action
Cloning
Scientific method where animals and plants can be created wit…
57 terms
Philosophy: Ethics
Intrinsically valuable
Extrinsically valuable
Bentham: Happiness
Bentham: Principle of Utility
Something that is valuable in and of itself.
Something that is valuable only in its' usefulness.
Happiness is pleasure (Utilitarianism)
What is morally right is that which brings about the greatest…
Intrinsically valuable
Something that is valuable in and of itself.
Extrinsically valuable
Something that is valuable only in its' usefulness.
17 terms
Philosophy and ethics
"I and I alone am God, I kill and give…
The concept that life is sacred becaus…
"Eve was created to be Adams "helper"
"God created man in his own image.. Ma…
Give two quotes about abortion.
Define Sanctity of Life
Give a quote to suggest that the Church is sexist?
Give a reason why the Church isn't sexist
"I and I alone am God, I kill and give…
Give two quotes about abortion.
The concept that life is sacred becaus…
Define Sanctity of Life
20 terms
Ethics and Philosophy
Philosophy
Major areas of philosophy
Ethics
Branches of ethics
Love of wisdom
Social and political philosophy, medical or religion
The persuit of good judgment of what is right and wrong
Normative ethics, meta ethics, applied normative ethics, medi…
Philosophy
Love of wisdom
Major areas of philosophy
Social and political philosophy, medical or religion
12 terms
philosophy of ethics
Aristotelean virtue ethics
rational egoism
hedonism
mill's utilitarianism
emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy
Ayn Rand's idea that it is rational to act in ones self inter…
the pursuit of pleasure as a way of life
Actions are right when they promote happiness. However, some…
Aristotelean virtue ethics
emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy
rational egoism
Ayn Rand's idea that it is rational to act in ones self inter…
24 terms
Ethics and Philosophy
Philosophy
Autonomy
Metaphysics
Ethics
Thinking about thinking, or the love of wisdom
The ability to freely make rational decisions
The area of philosophy that deals with the study of the basic…
The area of philosophy that deals with the study of theories…
Philosophy
Thinking about thinking, or the love of wisdom
Autonomy
The ability to freely make rational decisions
79 terms
Ethics- Philosophy
Ethics
epistemology
Metaphysics
Wisdom according to Socrates
study of moral code, justice
study of knowledge and how we acquire knowledge
study of what is reality, what is being
knowing what you don't know
Ethics
study of moral code, justice
epistemology
study of knowledge and how we acquire knowledge
30 terms
Philosophy: Ethics
Ethics
The 3 dynamics of human existence
What are the 5 traits of moral princip…
What are the 4 domains of Ethical Asse…
an attempt to apply logical reasoning to human decision makin…
Reason, Community and Self
1. Prescriptivity ... 2. Universalizability 3. Overridingness... 4.…
Action, Consequences, Character, and Motive
Ethics
an attempt to apply logical reasoning to human decision makin…
The 3 dynamics of human existence
Reason, Community and Self
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