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Study sets matching "and immune systems"

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Study sets matching "and immune systems"

24 terms
Immune System
innate immunity
acquired immunity
lymphocytes
antibodies
Immunity that is present before exposure to a pathogen and ef…
Immunity that is present only after exposure to a pathogen an…
A type of white blood cell that makes antibodies to fight off…
Protein that is produced by lymphocytes and that attaches to…
innate immunity
Immunity that is present before exposure to a pathogen and ef…
acquired immunity
Immunity that is present only after exposure to a pathogen an…
50 terms
Immune System
pathogen
antigen
antibody
infectious disease
A disease causing agent
A foreign substance, microorganism that triggers the immune r…
A protein produced by some white blood cells to attack specif…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
pathogen
A disease causing agent
antigen
A foreign substance, microorganism that triggers the immune r…
9 terms
the immune system
bacteria
immune system
pathogen
white blood cells
one-celled organisms without a nucleus
the body system that fights pathogens
a disease causing micro organism such as certain bacteria or…
the blood cells that fight pathogens
bacteria
one-celled organisms without a nucleus
immune system
the body system that fights pathogens
32 terms
Immune System
Virus
Capsid
Retrovirus
Lytic viruses
Not living (not a cell or can reproduce individually), made o…
Protein coat of a virus
A virus with RNA instead of DNA
Viruses that infect, reproduce, and then destroy the host cell.
Virus
Not living (not a cell or can reproduce individually), made o…
Capsid
Protein coat of a virus
27 terms
Immune System
Immune System
Pathogen
Bacteria
Antibiotic
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Living, single celled organism that causes disease. Can be ki…
A medicine that kills bacteria and other living cells. DOES N…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Pathogen
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Immune System
The Immune System
Antibodies
Fever
Antigen
Keeps the body healthy... so it doesn't get sick.
Are created by white blood cells to fight off a Pathogen
Helps protect the body from a virus because germs cannot surv…
Are foreign invaders that come from outside the body. They ma…
The Immune System
Keeps the body healthy... so it doesn't get sick.
Antibodies
Are created by white blood cells to fight off a Pathogen
81 terms
Immune System
blood
clotting
red blood cell
white blood cell
-Blood is composed of cells (red and white) suspended in a li…
the coagulation of blood caused by the rupture of platelets
Blood cells that carry oxygen from the lungs to the body cells.
Blood cells that perform the function of destroying disease-c…
blood
-Blood is composed of cells (red and white) suspended in a li…
clotting
the coagulation of blood caused by the rupture of platelets
9 terms
Immune System
HIV
How can I get HIV?
You cannot get HIV from...
Immune System
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
touching blood, or body fluids
coughing, sneezing, sharing a pencil
something in your body that stops disease, illness (so you do…
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
How can I get HIV?
touching blood, or body fluids
36 terms
IMMUNE SYSTEM
Pathogen
Antigen
Spleen
Thymus
an organism that causes disease ie: bacteria, virus, fungi, p…
a molecule (usually protein and polysaccharide) located on th…
located on the left upper quadrant of the abdomen -the larges…
a specialized bi-lobed lymphoid organ where the T cells or T…
Pathogen
an organism that causes disease ie: bacteria, virus, fungi, p…
Antigen
a molecule (usually protein and polysaccharide) located on th…
12 terms
Immune System
pathogen
immune system
antigen
antibody
an organism that invades the body, ... causing disease
the body's primary defense against ... disease-causing pathogens
a molecule found on the outer surfaces of cells that the immu…
a protein, produced by the immune ... system, that either attack…
pathogen
an organism that invades the body, ... causing disease
immune system
the body's primary defense against ... disease-causing pathogens
17 terms
Immune System
antigen
immunity
disease
interferons
a substance that triggers an immune response
the production of cells that inactivate (kill) foreign substa…
a change that disrupts normal body functions
proteins that interfere with virus growth
antigen
a substance that triggers an immune response
immunity
the production of cells that inactivate (kill) foreign substa…
22 terms
Immune System
Immune System
Immunity, Immune
Pathogen
Bacteria
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
can no longer harm you
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Living, single celled organism that causes disease. Can be ki…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Immunity, Immune
can no longer harm you
42 terms
Immune System
1. Identify and describe the propertie…
2. Explain how the immune system recog…
3. Describe the two classes of MHC sur…
4. Compare and contrast innate and ada…
To defend against pathogens like bacteria, viruses, and fungi…
Major histocompatibility Complex (MHC) displays protiens. If…
MHC I are on all cells, and usually have self-entigens unless…
Innate immunity - relies on generalized signals to detect for…
1. Identify and describe the propertie…
To defend against pathogens like bacteria, viruses, and fungi…
2. Explain how the immune system recog…
Major histocompatibility Complex (MHC) displays protiens. If…
10 terms
Immunity and disorders of immune system
active immunity
naturally acquired immunity
artificially acquired immunity
passive immunity
A form of acquired immunity in which the body produces its ow…
individual is exposed to the pathogen and produces antibodies…
Can be induced by a vaccine, a substance that contains the an…
An individual does not produce his or her own antibodies, but…
active immunity
A form of acquired immunity in which the body produces its ow…
naturally acquired immunity
individual is exposed to the pathogen and produces antibodies…
55 terms
Immune System
Neutrophils (AKA Polymorphonuclear cel…
Monocytes
Macrophages
NK (Natural Killer) Cells
-Most abundant leukocyte in blood... -Live 1-2 days... -Rapidly pro…
Circulate in blood 1-3 days before entering tissue and differ…
Differentiated monocytes with a 2-4 month lifespan. Engulf pa…
Lymphocytes w/o antigen receptors. Activated by encounter w/…
Neutrophils (AKA Polymorphonuclear cel…
-Most abundant leukocyte in blood... -Live 1-2 days... -Rapidly pro…
Monocytes
Circulate in blood 1-3 days before entering tissue and differ…
178 terms
Immune System
antigen
humoral
antibody
opsonization
A "foreign" molecule which can invoke the immune response is…
_______ immunity refers to antibody production and the access…
Humoral immunity refers to ________ production and the access…
the process by which a pathogen is marked for ingestion and d…
antigen
A "foreign" molecule which can invoke the immune response is…
humoral
_______ immunity refers to antibody production and the access…
81 terms
Immune System
Spleen
Hilum
White Pulp
Lymph Node
2nd organ, Largest lymphatic organ; remove RBCs, iron storage…
Concave indentation, spleen, in lymph node efferent vessels l…
In speen, monitor blood for antigen
2ndary organ, Connective tissue capsule, filter antigens from…
Spleen
2nd organ, Largest lymphatic organ; remove RBCs, iron storage…
Hilum
Concave indentation, spleen, in lymph node efferent vessels l…
61 terms
Immune System
positive selection
chemoattractant
cytokines
naive T and B cell
selection process of T cells in thymus or B cells in bone mar…
chemicals that attract (ie cytokines)
--signaling molecules that modulate immune responses... —makes b…
--Circulating B and T lymphocytes that have never been activa…
positive selection
selection process of T cells in thymus or B cells in bone mar…
chemoattractant
chemicals that attract (ie cytokines)
24 terms
Immune System
HIV
humoral response
antibody
antigens
Human immunodeficiency virus that infects helper T-cells... a re…
part of the third line of defense (specific) that uses B cell…
y- shaped protein released by plasma cell, tag an antigen for…
substances that trigger an immune response
HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus that infects helper T-cells... a re…
humoral response
part of the third line of defense (specific) that uses B cell…
27 terms
Immune System
Immune System
Pathogen
Bacteria
Antibiotic
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Living, single celled organism that causes disease. Can be ki…
A medicine that kills bacteria and other living cells. DOES N…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Pathogen
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
10 terms
immune system
pathogen
antibody
antigen
bacteria
A disease causing agent
A protein that acts against a specific antigen
a protein that doesn't belong in the body.
"A single-celled, microscopic prokaryotic organism"
pathogen
A disease causing agent
antibody
A protein that acts against a specific antigen
14 terms
Immune System
Pathogen
White Blood Cell
Antigen
Antibody
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Immune system cell that makes antibodies and destroys pathoge…
Proteins on the outside of the cell that the immune system us…
Proteins made by the white blood cells to identify pathogens,…
Pathogen
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
White Blood Cell
Immune system cell that makes antibodies and destroys pathoge…
72 terms
Immune System
What are the key features of Innate Im…
What are the key features of adaptive…
Humoral Immunity
Cell mediated Immunity
This response is quickly recognising pathogens, the effect of…
This response is a slow response and takes between a day to a…
Part of the immune response mediated by macromolecules
Immunity due to the action of cells, e.g. Phagocytes, Cytotox…
What are the key features of Innate Im…
This response is quickly recognising pathogens, the effect of…
What are the key features of adaptive…
This response is a slow response and takes between a day to a…
31 terms
Immune System
Infectious
Disease
Non-infectious
Pathogen
Type of disease caused by pathogens
A change which impairs the normal functioning of an individual
Type of disease caused by nutritional deficiencies, environme…
An organism that causes disease
Infectious
Type of disease caused by pathogens
Disease
A change which impairs the normal functioning of an individual
93 terms
Immune System
immune system
Basic Immunity
Self molecules basic immunity
Non-self molecules basic immunity
The body's defense against:... • disease causing organisms or in…
• Depends on the ability of the immune system to distinguish…
are those components of an organism's body that can be distin…
are those recognized as foreign molecules... o One class of non-…
immune system
The body's defense against:... • disease causing organisms or in…
Basic Immunity
• Depends on the ability of the immune system to distinguish…
10 terms
Immune System
Immune system
Pathogens
Skin
Mucus
The body's defense against infectious organisms and other har…
Microorganisms that cause disease.
The external tissue that covers the body. The skin serves as…
A thick, slippery substance in your nose that traps many of p…
Immune system
The body's defense against infectious organisms and other har…
Pathogens
Microorganisms that cause disease.
10 terms
immune system
antivenin
pathogen
antibodies
immunization
A serum that counteracts the effect of venom from an animal o…
An organism that causes disease
Specialized proteins that aid in destroying infectious agents
vaccination
antivenin
A serum that counteracts the effect of venom from an animal o…
pathogen
An organism that causes disease
145 terms
Blood and the Lymphatic and Immune Systems
fibrinogen
fibrinolysis
fibrinous
hemoglobin
fiber producing
fiber destruction
pertaining to fibers
blood protein
fibrinogen
fiber producing
fibrinolysis
fiber destruction
35 terms
Immune system
How does the immune system protect us…
How do doctors use the immune response…
What is an example of a disease that a…
What problems can prevent the immune s…
The immune system includes physical barriers, such as the ski…
Doctors use the immune response when we are vaccinated agains…
Diseases that attack the immune system include autoimmune dis…
Problems with the immune system fall into three categories: h…
How does the immune system protect us…
The immune system includes physical barriers, such as the ski…
How do doctors use the immune response…
Doctors use the immune response when we are vaccinated agains…
14 terms
Immune System
leukocyte
immune system
virus
bacteria
white blood cell
cells, tissues and organs that work to protect our body
smallest germ
germ that can be cured with an antibiotic
leukocyte
white blood cell
immune system
cells, tissues and organs that work to protect our body
90 terms
The Immune System
Immune System
Lymphatic System
Lymph
Conductive and Lymphoid
Consists of tissues, organs, and physiological processes that…
Is a network of vessels, nodes, and ducts that more or less p…
The fluid, comes from blood plasma that has leaked out from c…
Two important functions of Lymphatic System
Immune System
Consists of tissues, organs, and physiological processes that…
Lymphatic System
Is a network of vessels, nodes, and ducts that more or less p…
23 terms
Immune System
Immune System
Pathogen
Bacteria
Antibiotic
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Living, single celled organism that causes disease. Can be ki…
A medicine that kills bacteria and other living cells. DOES N…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Pathogen
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
22 terms
immune system
B cell
T cell
macrophage
memory cell
These cells produce antibodies that bind to antigens and neut…
These cells help to get rid of good cells that have already b…
are important cells of the immune system that are formed in r…
are clones of the specific B and T cells that remain in the b…
B cell
These cells produce antibodies that bind to antigens and neut…
T cell
These cells help to get rid of good cells that have already b…
27 terms
Immune System
Immune System
Pathogen
Bacteria
Antibiotic
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Living, single celled organism that causes disease. Can be ki…
A medicine that kills bacteria and other living cells. DOES N…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Pathogen
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
17 terms
Immune System
Virus
Common cold virus
HIV
Tuberculosis
Not living (not a cell or can reproduce individually), made o…
virus that infects the respiratory system
Human immunodeficiency virus that infects helper T-cells.
disease caused by bacteria that breakdowns tissue in the resp…
Virus
Not living (not a cell or can reproduce individually), made o…
Common cold virus
virus that infects the respiratory system
27 terms
Immune System
Immune System
Pathogen
Bacteria
Antibiotic
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Living, single celled organism that causes disease. Can be ki…
A medicine that kills bacteria and other living cells. DOES N…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Pathogen
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
28 terms
immune system
morpho
leukocytes
thrombocytes
hemtopoiesis
shape
white blood cells
platelet cells
formation of the blood
morpho
shape
leukocytes
white blood cells
15 terms
Immune System
Immune System
Pathogen
Bacteria
Antibiotic
Human body system that recognizes, marks and destroys pathogens
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). aka germs
Living organisms that can cause disease. Can be killed by ant…
A medicine that kills bacteria. DOES NOT KILL VIRUSES!
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes, marks and destroys pathogens
Pathogen
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). aka germs
8 terms
The Immune System
Pathogen
Nonspecific Defenses
Inflammatory response
Specific defenses
Bacteria, Fungus, or Virus.
Defenses that keep pathogens from entering the body. Examples…
A nonspecific defense reaction to pathogens. Phagocytes are t…
If a pathogen gets past the Phagocytes, the immune system act…
Pathogen
Bacteria, Fungus, or Virus.
Nonspecific Defenses
Defenses that keep pathogens from entering the body. Examples…
14 terms
Immune System
immune system
pathogen
reservoir
antibiotics
noun... complex system that defends the body against germs and h…
noun... synonym: germ... a microorganism that is harmful to the bod…
noun... body system where a pathogen can live and grow; example:…
noun, plural... special class of drugs which kills bacteria, but…
immune system
noun... complex system that defends the body against germs and h…
pathogen
noun... synonym: germ... a microorganism that is harmful to the bod…
93 terms
immune system
immunity
innate immunity
adaptive immunity
second line
-Ability of the body to resist many agents that can cause dis…
-nonspecific immunity ... -born with this type of immunity ... • n…
-specific immunity ... -this defense is specific to different pa…
-a line of defense of innate immunity ... -internal defenses... -in…
immunity
-Ability of the body to resist many agents that can cause dis…
innate immunity
-nonspecific immunity ... -born with this type of immunity ... • n…
78 terms
Immune Systems
pathogen
Outermost lines of innate defense
skin
mucosa
disease causing agent. Examples include: viruses, fungi, bact…
skin and mucosa
dry, easily sheds, sweat and oil has a low pH which kills off…
mucous membrane coats internal body surfaces, thin, sticky fl…
pathogen
disease causing agent. Examples include: viruses, fungi, bact…
Outermost lines of innate defense
skin and mucosa
23 terms
Immune System
Pathogen
Antigen
Antibody
Infectious disease
A disease causing agent
A foreign substance, microorganism that triggers the immune r…
A protein produced by some white blood cells to attack specif…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
Pathogen
A disease causing agent
Antigen
A foreign substance, microorganism that triggers the immune r…
12 terms
Immune System
Antibodies
Antigens
Bacteria
Cell
Special "red flags" that stick to toxins, bacteria, and virus…
Protein coating of cells and virus that helps the body tell a…
Single-celled organisms that can be good or bad. Our immune s…
All living things are made of cells. Living things can be mad…
Antibodies
Special "red flags" that stick to toxins, bacteria, and virus…
Antigens
Protein coating of cells and virus that helps the body tell a…
10 terms
Immune System
immune system
immunity
pathogen
antigen
a system of tissues, cells, and organs that protect the body…
an organism will not get a certain disease... because it remembe…
a germ or chemical that can make an organism sick
a protein that is found on a pathogen
immune system
a system of tissues, cells, and organs that protect the body…
immunity
an organism will not get a certain disease... because it remembe…
13 terms
Immune System
Immune System
White Blood Cell
Antibody
Pathogen, Microbe, Microorganism, Germ…
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
- makes antibodies... - engulfs and digests pathogens
- Proteins made by the WBC ... - attach to the antigens... - Each a…
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
White Blood Cell
- makes antibodies... - engulfs and digests pathogens
18 terms
Immune System
Infectious
Noninfectious
Pathogen
White Blood Cell
A disease caused by pathogens and can be passed on to others…
A disease the is NOT caused by pathogens, but could be caused…
A disease causing germ such as a bacteria, virus, fungi, para…
CELLS of the immune system the attack pathogens
Infectious
A disease caused by pathogens and can be passed on to others…
Noninfectious
A disease the is NOT caused by pathogens, but could be caused…
41 terms
The immune system
Physiology
Pathophysiology
Internal hostile environment
External hostile environment
the science of the function of the living organism and its pa…
the physiology of disordered function; study of the impact of…
nutrition... internal parasites (rounds, hooks, whips, tapes, co…
weather (hot and cold extremes)... housing/hygiene... external para…
Physiology
the science of the function of the living organism and its pa…
Pathophysiology
the physiology of disordered function; study of the impact of…
84 terms
Immune System
1st line of Defense
Skin and Mucus Membranes Factors (2)
Mechanical Factors in Nonspecific Defe…
Chemical Factors in Nonspecific Defense
Non specific/ Innate defenses - born with... *Skin and mucus mem…
Mechanical and Chemical
1. Intact Skin- prevents invasion by most pathogens thanks to…
1. sebum- from sebaceous glands has bacteriostatic components…
1st line of Defense
Non specific/ Innate defenses - born with... *Skin and mucus mem…
Skin and Mucus Membranes Factors (2)
Mechanical and Chemical
65 terms
Immune System
first
epidermis
mucous membrane
lacrimal apparatus of the eyes
The _______________ line of defence ... The external physical an…
A physical barrier made of closely packed keratinized cells -…
A physical barrier that lines body cavities, traps and filter…
A physical barrier that manufactures and drains away tears in…
first
The _______________ line of defence ... The external physical an…
epidermis
A physical barrier made of closely packed keratinized cells -…
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