How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "and immune systems"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "and immune systems"

8 terms
Immune System
immunity
pathogen
immune response
antigen
Resistance to disease
An organism that causes disease
The body's defensive reaction to invasion by bacteria, viral…
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers the pr…
immunity
Resistance to disease
pathogen
An organism that causes disease
20 terms
Immune System
pathogen
immune system
macrophage
T cell
an organism, a virus, or a protein that causes disease
made up of tissues and specialized white blood cells that rec…
(destroyer) a white blood cell that destroys pathogens by eng…
coordinate the body's immune response while others attack inf…
pathogen
an organism, a virus, or a protein that causes disease
immune system
made up of tissues and specialized white blood cells that rec…
16 terms
Immune System
Infectious Disease
Autoimmune Disease
macrophage cell
immunity
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
a disease in which the immune system attacks the organism's o…
Cell that fights disease, "eat" anitgen or pathogen celss
Resistance to disease
Infectious Disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
Autoimmune Disease
a disease in which the immune system attacks the organism's o…
15 terms
Immune System
vaccine
pathogen
Leukocytes
Macrophage
An injection of damaged or destroyed virus that gives the bod…
A germ - usually a virus, bacteria, fungus, or parasite that…
A term for white blood cells.
The white blood cell that starts the immune response. It eats…
vaccine
An injection of damaged or destroyed virus that gives the bod…
pathogen
A germ - usually a virus, bacteria, fungus, or parasite that…
12 terms
Immune System
Immune System
White Blood Cell
Antibody
Pathogen, Microbe, Microorganism, Germ…
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
- makes antibodies... - engulfs and digests pathogens
- Proteins made by the WBC ... - attach to the antigens... - Each a…
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
White Blood Cell
- makes antibodies... - engulfs and digests pathogens
41 terms
Immune System
Virus
Capsid
Retrovirus
Lytic infection steps
Not living (not a cell or can reproduce individually), made o…
Protein coat of a virus
A virus with RNA instead of DNA (like HIV)
1. attach to host cell (lock/key?) and insert nucleic acid... 2.…
Virus
Not living (not a cell or can reproduce individually), made o…
Capsid
Protein coat of a virus
14 terms
Immune System
immune system
macrophages
phagocytosis
B-Cell
body system that fights pathogens
white blood cells that engulf (or surround) microorganisms an…
process by which a white blood cell engulfs a microorganism
white blood cells that produce antibodies
immune system
body system that fights pathogens
macrophages
white blood cells that engulf (or surround) microorganisms an…
Immune System
Function of the immune system
Pathogen
Homeostasis
Virus
To protect and defend the body against pathogens (germs).
A biological agent (living thing) that causes disease.
Maintaining a stable internal environment, healthy.
Strand of DNA or RNA wrapped in a protein coating.
Function of the immune system
To protect and defend the body against pathogens (germs).
Pathogen
A biological agent (living thing) that causes disease.
9 terms
Immune System
pathogen
vaccine
antibody
B cells
bacteria, fungi, or parasite that causes disease
made from weakened or killed pathogen to build immunity
protein that binds to a specific antigen to tag for destructi…
Makes antibodies that attach to specific antigens
pathogen
bacteria, fungi, or parasite that causes disease
vaccine
made from weakened or killed pathogen to build immunity
22 terms
Immune System
Virus
bacteria
parasites
vaccines
infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of…
single-celled, spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorop…
worm like; An organism that lives in or on another organism,…
shot the doctor gives you filled with a weakened or killed pa…
Virus
infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of…
bacteria
single-celled, spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorop…
13 terms
Immune system
antibodies
phagocytosis
phagocyte
antigens
any of various proteins which are produced as a result of the…
the ingestion of solid particles by a cell
white blood cell that ingests and destroys foreign particles,…
substance that stimulates the production of antibodies
antibodies
any of various proteins which are produced as a result of the…
phagocytosis
the ingestion of solid particles by a cell
15 terms
The Immune System
immune system
antigen
antibody
virus
Body system responsible for protecting the body against disea…
The foreign particles or substances that trigger an immune re…
A protein that acts against a specific antigen
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
immune system
Body system responsible for protecting the body against disea…
antigen
The foreign particles or substances that trigger an immune re…
16 terms
Immune System
Pathogen
Infectious Disease
Toxins
Inflammatory Response
An organism that causes disease
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
A poison produced by bacterial pathogens that damages cells.
Part of the body's defense against pathogens, in which fluid…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease
Infectious Disease
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
15 terms
Immune System
Pathogen
Antigen
Antibody
Virus
Disease causing agent
A protein shape on the membrane of a cell that, when introduc…
A protein produced by some white blood cells to attack a spec…
Genetic material surrounded by a protein shell that invades l…
Pathogen
Disease causing agent
Antigen
A protein shape on the membrane of a cell that, when introduc…
34 terms
Immune System and Immune Response
body's lines of defense from infection
immune response: blood clotting
immune response: complement-blood prot…
immune response: inflammation
1. unbroken skin... 2. ciliated mucous epithelium e.g. lining of…
heals wounds
attack invading cells
causes the release of histamine from damaged tissue->swelling…
body's lines of defense from infection
1. unbroken skin... 2. ciliated mucous epithelium e.g. lining of…
immune response: blood clotting
heals wounds
Immune System
splen/o
immun/o
immunologist
thymus
spleen
immune
specialist who studies the immune system
gland that produces lymphocytes
splen/o
spleen
immun/o
immune
107 terms
The Immune System and Immune Pathology
Immunology is the study of ____ that a…
Is the immune system always helpful or…
what are the 3 types of immunity?
Innate Immunity is immunity you are __…
physiologic mechanisms, foreign
no too much of a good thing is bad
innate, acquired/adaptive immunity, autoimmunity
born with, prevent, neutralize
Immunology is the study of ____ that a…
physiologic mechanisms, foreign
Is the immune system always helpful or…
no too much of a good thing is bad
42 terms
Immune system and types of immunity
Importance of immunology
Immune system and the major causes of…
Time line of emerging infections
Major categories of human pathogens
1.Control infectious disease... -A lot of infectious disease can…
-Some of the key causes of death involve the immune system... -R…
- The immune system cannot be set in time ... - It is being expo…
Virus... -AIDS... -Measles... -20-400nm (obligate intracellular... Fungi…
Importance of immunology
1.Control infectious disease... -A lot of infectious disease can…
Immune system and the major causes of…
-Some of the key causes of death involve the immune system... -R…
42 terms
Immune System
1. Identify and describe the propertie…
2. Explain how the immune system recog…
3. Describe the two classes of MHC sur…
4. Compare and contrast innate and ada…
To defend against pathogens like bacteria, viruses, and fungi…
Major histocompatibility Complex (MHC) displays protiens. If…
MHC I are on all cells, and usually have self-entigens unless…
Innate immunity - relies on generalized signals to detect for…
1. Identify and describe the propertie…
To defend against pathogens like bacteria, viruses, and fungi…
2. Explain how the immune system recog…
Major histocompatibility Complex (MHC) displays protiens. If…
20 terms
Immune System
immunity
fever
antigen
antibody
Ability of the body to destroy and resist infection
An abnormal elevation of body temperature. Slows down growth…
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers an imm…
Y-shaped proteins that respond to an antigen and signal white…
immunity
Ability of the body to destroy and resist infection
fever
An abnormal elevation of body temperature. Slows down growth…
31 terms
Immune System
Immunity
Antibody
Antigen
Pathogen
the state of resistance to infection
immunoglobin molecule synthesized on exposure to an antigen;…
any foreign substance that can bind to lymphocyte receptors a…
an organism that causes disease
Immunity
the state of resistance to infection
Antibody
immunoglobin molecule synthesized on exposure to an antigen;…
41 terms
Immune System
Virus
Capsid
Retrovirus
Lytic infection steps
Not living (not a cell or can reproduce individually), made o…
Protein coat of a virus
A virus with RNA instead of DNA (like HIV)
1. attach to host cell (lock/key?) and insert nucleic acid... 2.…
Virus
Not living (not a cell or can reproduce individually), made o…
Capsid
Protein coat of a virus
28 terms
Immune System
Three
1st line of defense
2nd line of defense
3rd line of defense
number of layers of defense the body has
line of defense that is a barrier defense; ex. skin and mucus…
line of defense that is like a roving patrol that is non-spec…
line of defense that is like specialized, elite units used to…
Three
number of layers of defense the body has
1st line of defense
line of defense that is a barrier defense; ex. skin and mucus…
20 terms
Immune System
First Line of Defense
Skin
Breathing Passages
Mouth and Stomach
Battles against pathogens in your body happen all the time. Y…
Your skin is an effective barrier to pathogens. Pathogens on…
Pathogens you inhale will be trapped by mucus, hairs and cili…
even when food is clean it may still contain pathogens. Most…
First Line of Defense
Battles against pathogens in your body happen all the time. Y…
Skin
Your skin is an effective barrier to pathogens. Pathogens on…
16 terms
The Immune System
toxin
immune system
immune response
pathogen
A poison
The body's defense against infectious organisms and other har…
Cells create a special defense targeted for each type of path…
Harmful organism or harmful substance.
toxin
A poison
immune system
The body's defense against infectious organisms and other har…
16 terms
Immune system
protein that causes an immune response
Macrophage
major histocompatability complex is th…
Receive message from macrophage and se…
What is an antigen?
What cell displays antigens to the immune system?
What is the MHC
What is the role of the helper T cell?
protein that causes an immune response
What is an antigen?
Macrophage
What cell displays antigens to the immune system?
93 terms
Immune System
what is the def of immunity
what are the 2 categories of the immun…
what are the characteristics of the in…
what are the characteristics of the ad…
resistance to disease
innate defenses and adaptive defenses
-defenses present at birth, always present... -reacts rapidly... -n…
-based on a specific response of a specific microbe... -have a m…
what is the def of immunity
resistance to disease
what are the 2 categories of the immun…
innate defenses and adaptive defenses
40 terms
Immune System
What are antigens?
What kind of ends do lymph vessels have?
What are naive B cells/ T cells?
What is the path of lymph flow through…
Molecules that are recognized and stimulate the cells of the…
Blind ended
Inactivated B cells/ T cells
...
What are antigens?
Molecules that are recognized and stimulate the cells of the…
What kind of ends do lymph vessels have?
Blind ended
18 terms
Immune System
Foreign invader such as a virus or bac…
Protein on the outside surface of a cell
Y-shaped that matches up with antigens…
Cell that engulfs and eats cells that…
pathogen
antigen
antibody
macrophage
Foreign invader such as a virus or bac…
pathogen
Protein on the outside surface of a cell
antigen
14 terms
Immune System
Lymphatic system
bone marrow
antigen
antibody
What system describes a series of vessels or ducts that carry…
where are lymphocytes produced from stem cells
what term is given to a cell or organism that stimulate an im…
what term is given to the proteins that neutralise a specific…
Lymphatic system
What system describes a series of vessels or ducts that carry…
bone marrow
where are lymphocytes produced from stem cells
9 terms
Immune systems
Sebaceous glands
Lysozyme
First line
Cilia
Produce oils which help kill microbes
enzyme in tears and mucus
skin, nasal hairs, cilia, tears
What is found along the respiratory tract
Sebaceous glands
Produce oils which help kill microbes
Lysozyme
enzyme in tears and mucus
109 terms
Immune System
Immunity
Primary Lymphoid Tissues
Secondary Lymphoid Tissues
MALT
Process the body uses to protect against "invading" pathogens…
Bone marrow, thymus
Spleen, lymph nodes, Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue
Tonsils and adenoids... Most extensive part of lymphoid tissue... F…
Immunity
Process the body uses to protect against "invading" pathogens…
Primary Lymphoid Tissues
Bone marrow, thymus
65 terms
Immune System
antigen
nonspecific (innate) immune system
specific (adaptive) immune system
phagocytes
Anything foreign that enters the body.
The immune system that will attack anything that's foreign. I…
The immune system that uses the response of individual cells…
Include macrophages, neutrophils and eosinophils. Can be free…
antigen
Anything foreign that enters the body.
nonspecific (innate) immune system
The immune system that will attack anything that's foreign. I…
18 terms
Immune System
to detect things that don't belong ins…
antigen
nonspecific defenses/division
specific defenses/division
purpose of the immune system
fancy word for nametags
treats all invaders the same
learns the invader's antigens and designs an attack specifica…
to detect things that don't belong ins…
purpose of the immune system
antigen
fancy word for nametags
14 terms
Immune System
Pathogen
Lymph nodes
Lymph vessels
Spleen
A bacteria, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dise…
Storage site for white blood cells. Can be inflamed during il…
Flow next to veins. Collects fluid and returns to bloodstream.
An organ that is part of the lymphatic system; it produces ly…
Pathogen
A bacteria, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dise…
Lymph nodes
Storage site for white blood cells. Can be inflamed during il…
27 terms
The Immune System
Virus Structure
Pathogen
Examples of pathogens
How does a virus cause disease?
DNA or RNA inside a protein coating
Anything that can cause a disease or illness
Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, Protists
Takes over a cell and uses it to make more viruses. This kill…
Virus Structure
DNA or RNA inside a protein coating
Pathogen
Anything that can cause a disease or illness
12 terms
Immune System
first line of defense
second line of defense
histamines
interferons
(no specific) barrier- skin, mucus, saliva, stomach lining, s…
(non specific) inflammatory response, releases histamine, int…
cause increase of blood flow (swelling), pain (sensitive to a…
released by viral infected cells so nearby cells aren't attac…
first line of defense
(no specific) barrier- skin, mucus, saliva, stomach lining, s…
second line of defense
(non specific) inflammatory response, releases histamine, int…
21 terms
Endocrine and Immune systems
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Releasing Hormones
Thyroid
Is often referred to as the master control center of the endo…
Stores and releases hormones.
stimulates the anterior pituitary to secrete its own hormones.
A butterfly-shaped gland wrapped around your trachea.
Hypothalamus
Is often referred to as the master control center of the endo…
Pituitary Gland
Stores and releases hormones.
39 terms
Immune System
Lymphatic system
lymphocytes, nutrients and hormones
chyle
bone marrow, central lymphoid organs,…
What system describes a series of vessels or ducts that carry…
Lymph is the fluid within the lymphatic system and is made up…
The term given to digestive lymph
identify the 3 compartments of the lymphoid system
Lymphatic system
What system describes a series of vessels or ducts that carry…
lymphocytes, nutrients and hormones
Lymph is the fluid within the lymphatic system and is made up…
42 terms
Immune System
1. Identify and describe the propertie…
2. Explain how the immune system recog…
3. Describe the two classes of MHC sur…
4. Compare and contrast innate and ada…
To defend against pathogens like bacteria, viruses, and fungi…
Major histocompatibility Complex (MHC) displays protiens. If…
MHC I are on all cells, and usually have self-entigens unless…
Innate immunity - relies on generalized signals to detect for…
1. Identify and describe the propertie…
To defend against pathogens like bacteria, viruses, and fungi…
2. Explain how the immune system recog…
Major histocompatibility Complex (MHC) displays protiens. If…
19 terms
Immune system
What are some causes of disease?
Are viruses living or non-living?
What are 4 categories that can identif…
Colonies/Shape
Inherited disorders- down syndrome ... Exposure to toxins-radiat…
Non-living
Shapes and colonies; cell wall; cell membrane; movement
Diplo- 2,... Strepto- single line... Staphylo- clusters
What are some causes of disease?
Inherited disorders- down syndrome ... Exposure to toxins-radiat…
Are viruses living or non-living?
Non-living
10 terms
Immune System
After an initial infection, B-cells re…
What is the body's first line of defen…
What is immunity?... A. The body's abilit…
What is the term for a strong response…
C. The B-cells produce antibodies more quickly if the measles…
D. the skin... The skin is the first line of defense against for…
A. The body's ability to produce cells that inactivate foreig…
B. an allergy... Reactions to allergens release histamines which…
After an initial infection, B-cells re…
C. The B-cells produce antibodies more quickly if the measles…
What is the body's first line of defen…
D. the skin... The skin is the first line of defense against for…
18 terms
Immune System
Pathogens
Antigens
Antibodies
Phagocytes
Disease causing agents including certain types of bacteria, v…
Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins that are on the surface o…
Y-shaped proteins that bind to specific antigens to help dest…
A white blood cell that ingests foreign cells through phagocy…
Pathogens
Disease causing agents including certain types of bacteria, v…
Antigens
Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins that are on the surface o…
25 terms
Immune System
What is the first line of defense in d…
What is the second line of defense in…
What is an antigen?
How do cilia found in the respiratory…
Skin and mucus membranes
Antimicrobial proteins, phagocytes, other cells, and inflamma…
Substances that can mobilize the immune system and provoke an…
-Sweep dust- and bacteria-laden mucus away from lower respira…
What is the first line of defense in d…
Skin and mucus membranes
What is the second line of defense in…
Antimicrobial proteins, phagocytes, other cells, and inflamma…
84 terms
Immune system and Immunity, Vaccines
antibody
antigen
autoimmune
immunosenescence
protein produced in the immune system that attacks antigens
foreign substance that invades the body
immune system attacks the host's body
age-related decline in immune function which increases the bo…
antibody
protein produced in the immune system that attacks antigens
antigen
foreign substance that invades the body
35 terms
Immune system
How does the immune system protect us…
How do doctors use the immune response…
What is an example of a disease that a…
What problems can prevent the immune s…
The immune system includes physical barriers, such as the ski…
Doctors use the immune response when we are vaccinated agains…
Diseases that attack the immune system include autoimmune dis…
Problems with the immune system fall into three categories: h…
How does the immune system protect us…
The immune system includes physical barriers, such as the ski…
How do doctors use the immune response…
Doctors use the immune response when we are vaccinated agains…
27 terms
Immune System
Active Immunity
Allergy (Hypersensitivity)
Antibody
Antigen
immunity produced by an encounter with an antigen provides im…
overzealous immune response to an otherwise harmless antigen
a specialized substance produced by the body that can provide…
any substance - including toxins, foreign proteins, or bacter…
Active Immunity
immunity produced by an encounter with an antigen provides im…
Allergy (Hypersensitivity)
overzealous immune response to an otherwise harmless antigen
13 terms
Immune and Integument Systems
Homeostasis
Negative Feedback
Integumentary System
Dermis
The body's tendency towards equilibrium (balance)
The body's response to a stimulus in order to re-stabilize th…
Hair, skin, nails and exocrine glands and functions to protec…
Skin layer beneath the epidermis that contains nerve cells, m…
Homeostasis
The body's tendency towards equilibrium (balance)
Negative Feedback
The body's response to a stimulus in order to re-stabilize th…
18 terms
Immune system
skin
bacteria
Changing the environment around them
macrophages
the first barrier of the immune system
In an infedtion they use up the body's resources and double t…
First, bacteria fly under the radar, but when a certain bacte…
they are huge cells that guard every border region of the bod…
skin
the first barrier of the immune system
bacteria
In an infedtion they use up the body's resources and double t…
22 terms
Immune system
Disease
Infectious disease
Pathogen
Non-infectious disease
Any condition that impairs the normal functioning of the body
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and is passed on from…
An agent that causes disease
Diseases that are passed on through genes and are inherited f…
Disease
Any condition that impairs the normal functioning of the body
Infectious disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and is passed on from…
3 of 10