Study sets matching "and immune systems"

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Study sets matching "and immune systems"

Lymphatic and Immune Systems -IMAGES
medullary sinus
spleen
lacteal
cisterna chyli
Identify C
Identify the tissue/organ.
Identify.
Identify A
medullary sinus
Identify C
spleen
Identify the tissue/organ.
Immune System
Function of the immune system
Pathogen
Homeostasis
Virus
To protect and defend the body against pathogens (germs).
A biological agent (living thing) that causes disease.
Maintaining a stable internal environment, healthy.
Strand of DNA or RNA wrapped in a protein coating.
Function of the immune system
To protect and defend the body against pathogens (germs).
Pathogen
A biological agent (living thing) that causes disease.
Immune System
Innate immunity
Adaptive (specific) Immunity
Humoral immunity
Spleen
Composed of defenses that are always active against, infectio…
Refers to the defenses that target a specific pathogen. Slowe…
B-Cells + antibodies. Bone marrow produces all of the leukocy…
Storage area for blood, filters blood and lymph. Site where i…
Innate immunity
Composed of defenses that are always active against, infectio…
Adaptive (specific) Immunity
Refers to the defenses that target a specific pathogen. Slowe…
Immune System
Acquired Immunity
Active Immunity
Allergen
Anaphylaxis
Immunity through exposer to infection/vaccination
Immunity through production of antibodies
Substance that causes an allergic reaction
Severe whole body allergic reaction
Acquired Immunity
Immunity through exposer to infection/vaccination
Active Immunity
Immunity through production of antibodies
84 terms
Immune system and Immunity, Vaccines
antibody
antigen
autoimmune
immunosenescence
protein produced in the immune system that attacks antigens
foreign substance that invades the body
immune system attacks the host's body
age-related decline in immune function which increases the bo…
antibody
protein produced in the immune system that attacks antigens
antigen
foreign substance that invades the body
25 terms
Immune System
innate immunity
acquired immunity
lymphocytes
antibodies
Immunity that is present before exposure and effective from b…
Immunity that is present only after exposure and is highly sp…
White blood cells. (B and T cells)
Proteins that are produced by B cell lymphocytes and that att…
innate immunity
Immunity that is present before exposure and effective from b…
acquired immunity
Immunity that is present only after exposure and is highly sp…
21 terms
Immune system
Antibodies
Antigens
B Cells
Immune response
Soluble proteins that bind to specific chemical targets calle…
Substances that triggers the production of antibodies; pathog…
Lymphocytes that provide antibody-mediated or humoral immunity.
A specific defense against a specific or particular pathogen.
Antibodies
Soluble proteins that bind to specific chemical targets calle…
Antigens
Substances that triggers the production of antibodies; pathog…
9 terms
Immune System
Immune System function
MICROBES (which are microorganisms) [A…
infectious
non-infectious
to fight germs and the diseases they cause
germs such as bacteria, viruses, protists, some fungi
able to be spread from one person to another... (ex: a cold is i…
not able to be spread between people... (ex: cancer is non-infec…
Immune System function
to fight germs and the diseases they cause
MICROBES (which are microorganisms) [A…
germs such as bacteria, viruses, protists, some fungi
24 terms
Immune system
Thymus
Spleen
Bone Marrow
Lymphnodes
Enables T-cells
Filters blood
Where blood cells are made
Filter lymph fluid
Thymus
Enables T-cells
Spleen
Filters blood
42 terms
Immune System
1. Identify and describe the propertie…
2. Explain how the immune system recog…
3. Describe the two classes of MHC sur…
4. Compare and contrast innate and ada…
To defend against pathogens like bacteria, viruses, and fungi…
Major histocompatibility Complex (MHC) displays protiens. If…
MHC I are on all cells, and usually have self-entigens unless…
Innate immunity - relies on generalized signals to detect for…
1. Identify and describe the propertie…
To defend against pathogens like bacteria, viruses, and fungi…
2. Explain how the immune system recog…
Major histocompatibility Complex (MHC) displays protiens. If…
6 terms
immune system
Lymphocytes
Helper/Suppressor T Cells
Bone Marrow and Lymphatic Tissues
B Cells
The white pulp of the spleen is primarily composed of
Lymphocytes that assist in the regulation and coordination of…
Normal lymphocytes populations are maintained through lymphpo…
Lymphocytes that produce antibodies
Lymphocytes
The white pulp of the spleen is primarily composed of
Helper/Suppressor T Cells
Lymphocytes that assist in the regulation and coordination of…
Immune System
splen/o
immun/o
immunologist
thymus
spleen
immune
specialist who studies the immune system
gland that produces lymphocytes
splen/o
spleen
immun/o
immune
9 terms
Immune System
pathogen
vaccine
antibody
B cells
bacteria, fungi, or parasite that causes disease
made from weakened or killed pathogen to build immunity
protein that binds to a specific antigen to tag for destructi…
Makes antibodies that attach to specific antigens
pathogen
bacteria, fungi, or parasite that causes disease
vaccine
made from weakened or killed pathogen to build immunity
43 terms
The Immune System
immune system
innate immunity
adaptive immunity
phagocytosis
defenses that enable animals to avoid or limit many infections
a defense that is active immediately upon infection and is th…
a defense found only in vertebrates. Mediated by B cells and…
the cellular ingestion and digestion of bacteria and other fo…
immune system
defenses that enable animals to avoid or limit many infections
innate immunity
a defense that is active immediately upon infection and is th…
24 terms
Immune System
Aids
Allergens
Allergies
Anaphylaxis
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
substances that activate the immune system
A list of the patients allergies as well as their reactions t…
Acute allergic response to an antigen that results in severe…
Aids
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Allergens
substances that activate the immune system
13 terms
Immune System
Cilia
Mucous Membrane
Mucous
Infectious Disease
Tiny fingerlike progections from the mucous membrane. They sw…
Lining of inner body surfaces and body openings that produce…
A sticky, moist substance that traps pathogens and debris
A disease that spreads from person to person
Cilia
Tiny fingerlike progections from the mucous membrane. They sw…
Mucous Membrane
Lining of inner body surfaces and body openings that produce…
20 terms
Immune System
immunity
fever
antigen
antibody
Ability of the body to destroy and resist infection
An abnormal elevation of body temperature. Slows down growth…
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers an imm…
Y-shaped proteins that respond to an antigen and signal white…
immunity
Ability of the body to destroy and resist infection
fever
An abnormal elevation of body temperature. Slows down growth…
15 terms
Immune System
immune system
Pathogen
Bacteria
Virus
Body system responsible for protecting the body against disea…
A bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dis…
"A single-celled, microscopic prokaryotic organism"
"An infectious particle composed of a protein capsule and a n…
immune system
Body system responsible for protecting the body against disea…
Pathogen
A bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dis…
15 terms
Immune System
Immune System
Immunity, Immune
Pathogen
Bacteria
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
can no longer harm you
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Living, single celled organism that causes disease. Can be ki…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Immunity, Immune
can no longer harm you
14 terms
Immune System
leukocyte
immune system
virus
bacteria
white blood cell
cells, tissues and organs that work to protect our body
smallest germ
germ that can be cured with an antibiotic
leukocyte
white blood cell
immune system
cells, tissues and organs that work to protect our body
33 terms
The Immune System
innate immunity
types of phagocytic cells
macrophages
neutrophils
set of defenses that are act immediately upon infection and a…
macrophages, neutrophils
large phagocytosis cells that wander through intestinal fluid…
most abundant type of white blood cell, circulate in blood, e…
innate immunity
set of defenses that are act immediately upon infection and a…
types of phagocytic cells
macrophages, neutrophils
41 terms
Immune system
Erythrocytes
Blood plasma
Fibrinogen
Platelets
A blood cell that contains hemoglobin, which transports oxyge…
The pale yellow fluid portion of whole blood that consists of…
plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting pr…
A pinched-off cytoplasmic fragment of a specialized bone marr…
Erythrocytes
A blood cell that contains hemoglobin, which transports oxyge…
Blood plasma
The pale yellow fluid portion of whole blood that consists of…
Immune System
First Line of Defense
Skin
Breathing Passages
Mouth and Stomach
Battles against pathogens in your body happen all the time. Y…
Your skin is an effective barrier to pathogens. Pathogens on…
Pathogens you inhale will be trapped by mucus, hairs and cili…
even when food is clean it may still contain pathogens. Most…
First Line of Defense
Battles against pathogens in your body happen all the time. Y…
Skin
Your skin is an effective barrier to pathogens. Pathogens on…
35 terms
Immune System
innate immunity
acquired immunity
lymphocytes
antibodies
Immunity that is present before exposure and effective from b…
Immunity that is present only after exposure and is highly sp…
White blood cells.
Protein that is produced by lymphocytes and that attaches to…
innate immunity
Immunity that is present before exposure and effective from b…
acquired immunity
Immunity that is present only after exposure and is highly sp…
11 terms
Immune System
Pathogen
External Defense
Inflammation
Immune System
An organism, a virus, or a protein that causes a disease.
Provides protection against pathogens that may enter the body.
Increasing blood flow to injured spot.
Made up of tissue and specialized blood cells that recognize…
Pathogen
An organism, a virus, or a protein that causes a disease.
External Defense
Provides protection against pathogens that may enter the body.
The Immune System
Antibodies
Antigens
Inate (non-specific) response
Adaptive (specific) response
Good guys
Bad guys
General response to anything potentially hazard
Antibodies produced to defend against one "specific" pathogen
Antibodies
Good guys
Antigens
Bad guys
15 terms
Immune System
Role of the Immune System
What type of immune responses protect…
What are the important characteristics…
How are the cells and tissues of the i…
1)Defense against Infection---> in case of AIDS, decreased im…
...
...
...
Role of the Immune System
1)Defense against Infection---> in case of AIDS, decreased im…
What type of immune responses protect…
...
Immune System
T-cells
Cytokines (what they do)
Cytokines (5 types)
Growth Factor
1- Helper T-cells (CD4)... 2- Cytotoxic/Killer T-cells... 3- Memory…
Stimulate immune system & tells it what to do... - Increase WBC…
- Growth factor... - Chemo Kinds... - Interleukins... - Tumor Necrosis…
Stimulates growth
T-cells
1- Helper T-cells (CD4)... 2- Cytotoxic/Killer T-cells... 3- Memory…
Cytokines (what they do)
Stimulate immune system & tells it what to do... - Increase WBC…
40 terms
Immune System
What are antigens?
What kind of ends do lymph vessels have?
What are naive B cells/ T cells?
What is the path of lymph flow through…
Molecules that are recognized and stimulate the cells of the…
Blind ended
Inactivated B cells/ T cells
...
What are antigens?
Molecules that are recognized and stimulate the cells of the…
What kind of ends do lymph vessels have?
Blind ended
18 terms
Immune System
Foreign invader such as a virus or bac…
Protein on the outside surface of a cell
Y-shaped that matches up with antigens…
Cell that engulfs and eats cells that…
pathogen
antigen
antibody
macrophage
Foreign invader such as a virus or bac…
pathogen
Protein on the outside surface of a cell
antigen
6 terms
Immune System
Pathogen
Virus
Spleen
T cells
A bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dis…
A tiny organism that enters a host cell and reproduces to cau…
Filters blood, and stores and create white blood cells to fig…
White blood cell type that identify and attack viruses
Pathogen
A bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dis…
Virus
A tiny organism that enters a host cell and reproduces to cau…
immune system
complement proteins
interferon
lymphocytes
antibodies
aids phagocytosis by helping phagocytes
protein secreted by virus infected cells
type of white blood cell
proteins produced by B lymphocytes
complement proteins
aids phagocytosis by helping phagocytes
interferon
protein secreted by virus infected cells
42 terms
Immune system and types of immunity
Importance of immunology
Immune system and the major causes of…
Time line of emerging infections
Major categories of human pathogens
1.Control infectious disease... -A lot of infectious disease can…
-Some of the key causes of death involve the immune system... -R…
- The immune system cannot be set in time ... - It is being expo…
Virus... -AIDS... -Measles... -20-400nm (obligate intracellular... Fungi…
Importance of immunology
1.Control infectious disease... -A lot of infectious disease can…
Immune system and the major causes of…
-Some of the key causes of death involve the immune system... -R…
14 terms
Immune System
Lymphatic system
bone marrow
antigen
antibody
What system describes a series of vessels or ducts that carry…
where are lymphocytes produced from stem cells
what term is given to a cell or organism that stimulate an im…
what term is given to the proteins that neutralise a specific…
Lymphatic system
What system describes a series of vessels or ducts that carry…
bone marrow
where are lymphocytes produced from stem cells
21 terms
The Immune System
Pathogens
Mechanical barriers
The Human Body
If pathogens get past the mechanical b…
a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dis…
They line the respiratory, GI, urinary, and reproductive trac…
Includes a number of mechanical, chemical, and other defenses…
chemical barriers may stop them.
Pathogens
a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dis…
Mechanical barriers
They line the respiratory, GI, urinary, and reproductive trac…
Immune System
T-Cells
B-Cells
Macrophages
Hormones
finds the germs and infections and destroy's them
they remember virus's and virus's
clean up after B-cell and T-cell
chemicals in your body that help you do things such as grow
T-Cells
finds the germs and infections and destroy's them
B-Cells
they remember virus's and virus's
11 terms
Immune System
Foreign; Immune Response
Antigens
Immune system
recognize; fight
Antigens are substances that are recognized as _______ and pr…
Substances that provoke and Immune response and recognized as…
Cells and tissues that carry out an immune response.
The ability of the body to _________and _____ disease is know…
Foreign; Immune Response
Antigens are substances that are recognized as _______ and pr…
Antigens
Substances that provoke and Immune response and recognized as…
16 terms
Immune system
protein that causes an immune response
Macrophage
major histocompatability complex is th…
Receive message from macrophage and se…
What is an antigen?
What cell displays antigens to the immune system?
What is the MHC
What is the role of the helper T cell?
protein that causes an immune response
What is an antigen?
Macrophage
What cell displays antigens to the immune system?
17 terms
The Immune System
toxin
immune system
thymus gland
immune response
A poison
The body's defense against infectious organisms and other har…
Organ (below the neck) that directs the body's immune response.
Cells create a special defense targeted for each type of path…
toxin
A poison
immune system
The body's defense against infectious organisms and other har…
Blood, Lymph, and Immune Systems
aden/o
agglutin/o
bas/o
blast/o
gland, aden/oid: resembling a gland.
clumping, gluing; agglutin/ation: process of clumping.
base (alkaline, opposite of acid); bas/o/phil: attraction to…
embryonic cell, erythr/o/blast/osis: abnormal increase of emb…
aden/o
gland, aden/oid: resembling a gland.
agglutin/o
clumping, gluing; agglutin/ation: process of clumping.
42 terms
Immune system
Immunology
Immunity
Immunodeficiency
Non-specific immunity
Study of the immune system
Human body's defense system
Lack of immunity
Body's 1st & 2nd line of defense; fights everything
Immunology
Study of the immune system
Immunity
Human body's defense system
Immune System
Immune system
Pathogen (Microbe)
Resistant bacteria
Antibiotics
Protects and defends the body against pathogens (microbes).
Causes disease (virus, bacteria, fungi, protists, parasites)
Bacteria that has evolved to resist most antibiotics (the med…
Medicine which kill or weaken bacteria but do not work on vir…
Immune system
Protects and defends the body against pathogens (microbes).
Pathogen (Microbe)
Causes disease (virus, bacteria, fungi, protists, parasites)
Immune System
Autoimmune
Immunodeficiency
Anaphylaxis
Allergen
inappropriate immune response against it's own tissue
compromised ability to fight infection
severe, whole-body allergic reaction
substance that can cause allergic reaction
Autoimmune
inappropriate immune response against it's own tissue
Immunodeficiency
compromised ability to fight infection
14 terms
Immune System
Pathogen
Lymph nodes
Lymph vessels
Spleen
A bacteria, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dise…
Storage site for white blood cells. Can be inflamed during il…
Flow next to veins. Collects fluid and returns to bloodstream.
An organ that is part of the lymphatic system; it produces ly…
Pathogen
A bacteria, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dise…
Lymph nodes
Storage site for white blood cells. Can be inflamed during il…
Immune System
nonspecific response
1st line of defense
immunity
active
prevents or kills anything that does not belong to you
skin
clears the body of invaders
your body creating antibodies
nonspecific response
prevents or kills anything that does not belong to you
1st line of defense
skin
Immune system
what type immunity you are exposed to
what is known as the kissing disease
foreign things invade body
Mother to child
aquired
mono
antigens
Passive immunity
what type immunity you are exposed to
aquired
what is known as the kissing disease
mono
22 terms
Immune System
Immune System
Immunity, Immune
Pathogen
Bacteria
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
can no longer harm you
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Living, single celled organism that causes disease. Can be ki…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Immunity, Immune
can no longer harm you
52 terms
Immune Systems
Immune function overview
lines of defense against foreign patho…
innate immunity
adaptive immunity
1. protects the body against pathogens and foreign substances…
1. innate immunity... 2.adaptive immunity
what you are born with... -non-specific defense against general…
develops after birth... -responds to specific pathogens( 3rd lin…
Immune function overview
1. protects the body against pathogens and foreign substances…
lines of defense against foreign patho…
1. innate immunity... 2.adaptive immunity
Immune System
immunity
pathogen
immune response
antigen
Resistance to disease
An organism that causes disease
The body's defensive reaction to invasion by bacteria, viral…
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers the pr…
immunity
Resistance to disease
pathogen
An organism that causes disease
Immune System
Immune System
Pathogen
Bacteria
Antibiotic
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Living, single celled organism that causes disease. Can be ki…
A medicine that kills bacteria and other living cells. DOES N…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Pathogen
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
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