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Study sets matching "and immune systems"

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Study sets matching "and immune systems"

The Immune System
Antibodies
Antigens
Inate (non-specific) response
Adaptive (specific) response
Good guys
Bad guys
General response to anything potentially hazard
Antibodies produced to defend against one "specific" pathogen
Antibodies
Good guys
Antigens
Bad guys
32 terms
The Immune System
Germ Theory
Pathogens
Pasteurization
Bacteria
The theory that specific microorganisms cause disease and tha…
the disease-causing microorganisms called
Method of heating foods or liquids to a temperature that kill…
- eubacteria, archaebacteria, unicellular... - release toxins/po…
Germ Theory
The theory that specific microorganisms cause disease and tha…
Pathogens
the disease-causing microorganisms called
15 terms
Immune system
Pathogen
Immune system
Phagocyte
T cell
Agent that causes disease
Body system that fights off infections
Cell that destroys other cells by surrounding and engulfing
White blood cell that matures in the thymus and destroys infe…
Pathogen
Agent that causes disease
Immune system
Body system that fights off infections
15 terms
Immune System
pasteurization
microorganisms
pathogens
infectious disease
process of killing microorganisms
a living thing to small to see without a microscope
organisms that cause disease
a disease caused by a pathogen
pasteurization
process of killing microorganisms
microorganisms
a living thing to small to see without a microscope
17 terms
Immune System
innate immunity
acquired immunity
lymphocytes
antibodies
Immunity that is present before exposure and effective from b…
Immunity that is present only after exposure and is highly sp…
White blood cells.
Protein that is produced by lymphocytes and that attaches to…
innate immunity
Immunity that is present before exposure and effective from b…
acquired immunity
Immunity that is present only after exposure and is highly sp…
22 terms
The Immune System
Immune System
Vaccines
Autoimmune disease
Pathogen
A system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid t…
dose of a disabled or destroyed pathogen used to stimulate a…
Disease in which the pathology is caused by an immune respons…
An organism that causes disease. Viruses, bacteria, fungi, pr…
Immune System
A system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid t…
Vaccines
dose of a disabled or destroyed pathogen used to stimulate a…
13 terms
immune system
1st line of defense
2nd line of defense
3rd line of defense
immune system
skin and mucosa, etc
neutrophils and macrophages (inflammatory response)
lymphocytes (immune response)
responsible for protecting an animal from anything that could…
1st line of defense
skin and mucosa, etc
2nd line of defense
neutrophils and macrophages (inflammatory response)
9 terms
immune system
complement proteins
interferon
lymphocytes
antibodies
aids phagocytosis by helping phagocytes
protein secreted by virus infected cells
type of white blood cell
proteins produced by B lymphocytes
complement proteins
aids phagocytosis by helping phagocytes
interferon
protein secreted by virus infected cells
48 terms
Immune System
Immune System
infection
cancer
antigens
the body's defense against pathogens
an invasion of the body by pathogens
uncontrolled cell division of mutated cells
molecules (usually proteins, carbohydrates, and fats) on the…
Immune System
the body's defense against pathogens
infection
an invasion of the body by pathogens
50 terms
Blood, Lymphatic, and Immune Systems
foreign, strange
varied, irregular
gland
embryonic cell
xen/o
poikil/o
aden/o
blast/o
foreign, strange
xen/o
varied, irregular
poikil/o
11 terms
Immune System
Foreign; Immune Response
Antigens
Immune system
recognize; fight
Antigens are substances that are recognized as _______ and pr…
Substances that provoke and Immune response and recognized as…
Cells and tissues that carry out an immune response.
The ability of the body to _________and _____ disease is know…
Foreign; Immune Response
Antigens are substances that are recognized as _______ and pr…
Antigens
Substances that provoke and Immune response and recognized as…
12 terms
Immune system
intestinal wall model
lacteal
lymphatic vessel
torso model
intestinal wall model
lacteal
12 terms
Immune System
Phagocyte/Macrophage
Lysosome
T-helper Cell
Antibody
Type of WBC that engulfs pathogens.
Organelle filled with digestive enzymes used to break down th…
Binds to macrophages which activates the cell. This then rele…
Specialised protein produced by Plasma cells that bind to ant…
Phagocyte/Macrophage
Type of WBC that engulfs pathogens.
Lysosome
Organelle filled with digestive enzymes used to break down th…
9 terms
Immune System
Thymus
Bone Marrow
Spleen
Tonsils
an immune organ located near the heart; the thymus is the sit…
soft tissue inside the bone that produces blood cells
produces lymphocytes, filters the blood, stores blood cells,…
form a protective circle of lymphatic tissue around the entra…
Thymus
an immune organ located near the heart; the thymus is the sit…
Bone Marrow
soft tissue inside the bone that produces blood cells
25 terms
Immune System
The human immune system is the body's…
The outer layer of ____ forms a shield…
As you ___ in, foreign particles and b…
___ sweep the mucus into the throat fo…
defense; disease
skin; invaders
breathe; mucus
Cilia; coughing
The human immune system is the body's…
defense; disease
The outer layer of ____ forms a shield…
skin; invaders
12 terms
immune system
pathogen;
First Line ;
Second line;
third line
causes disease BAD.
sweat , tears , skin.
inflammation , red , warm, pain. Swell
produce antibodies .
pathogen;
causes disease BAD.
First Line ;
sweat , tears , skin.
20 terms
Immune System
Nonspecific 1st line of defense
Skin
Antimicrobial proteins
Cilia
Innate immunity ... 1. Skin... 2. Antimicrobial proteins... 3. Cilia…
Physical and hostile barrier covered with acidic secretion fr…
Lysozyme (saliva, tear) which breaks down cell wall of bacteria
Line the lungs serve to sweep invaders
Nonspecific 1st line of defense
Innate immunity ... 1. Skin... 2. Antimicrobial proteins... 3. Cilia…
Skin
Physical and hostile barrier covered with acidic secretion fr…
29 terms
Immune System
Immune System
Immunity, Immune
Pathogen
Bacteria
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
can no longer harm you
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Living, single celled organism that causes disease. Can be ki…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Immunity, Immune
can no longer harm you
81 terms
Immune System
Define Lymph
Describe the lymphatic capillaries
How do lymphatic vessels flow?
Right Lymphatic duct drains..
interstitial fluid once it has entered lymphatic vessels
-very permeable... -Mini valves function as one way gate that al…
one way to the heart
right upper arm and ride side of the head and thorax and empt…
Define Lymph
interstitial fluid once it has entered lymphatic vessels
Describe the lymphatic capillaries
-very permeable... -Mini valves function as one way gate that al…
16 terms
Immune System
antibody
antigen
B-cell
cell-mediated immunity
a substance produced by your body that binds to foreign subst…
a particle foreign to your body
cells that produce antibodies
targeted immune system response using specialized cells
antibody
a substance produced by your body that binds to foreign subst…
antigen
a particle foreign to your body
15 terms
Immune System
Inflammatory Response
Phagocyte
Immune Response
Lymphocyte
Your body's SECOND line of defense.
A cell capable of ABSORBING bacteria and small cells and part…
Your body's THIRD line of defense.
White blood cells that DEFENDS the body against diseases.
Inflammatory Response
Your body's SECOND line of defense.
Phagocyte
A cell capable of ABSORBING bacteria and small cells and part…
12 terms
Immune System
Sympathomedullary Pathway
Sympathomedullary Pathway
Parasympathetic nervous system
Hypothalamic- Pituitary- Adrenal Axis…
Acute Stressor... ->Autonomic Nervous System... ->Sympathetic Nervo…
Acute Stressor... ->Aurtonomic Nervous System... ->Sympathetic Adre…
Returns body back to relaxation once stressor has passed... Non…
Chronic Stress... -> Hypothalamus~~Release CRF... ->Pituitary Gland…
Sympathomedullary Pathway
Acute Stressor... ->Autonomic Nervous System... ->Sympathetic Nervo…
Sympathomedullary Pathway
Acute Stressor... ->Aurtonomic Nervous System... ->Sympathetic Adre…
30 terms
Immune System
Innate Immunity
Epithelial Barriers
White Blood Cells leukocytes
Histamein
Natural or native immunity... - mediated by cells/proteins that…
Prevent entry of microbes into the body and eliminate microbe…
1. Granulocytes: Neutrophils, Basophils, Eosinophils... 2. Mast…
vasodilator
Innate Immunity
Natural or native immunity... - mediated by cells/proteins that…
Epithelial Barriers
Prevent entry of microbes into the body and eliminate microbe…
10 terms
Immune system
Immune system
Macrophage
Cancer
Autoimmune Disease
the cells and tissues that recognize and attack foreign cells…
an immune system cell that engulfs pathogens and other substa…
a disease in which the cells begin dividing at an uncontrolle…
a disease where the immune system attacks the organs own cells
Immune system
the cells and tissues that recognize and attack foreign cells…
Macrophage
an immune system cell that engulfs pathogens and other substa…
55 terms
Immune System
Antigen
Bacterial
Fungi
Viruses
any substance that can trigger an immune response. Some are p…
microorganisms in the environment. Grow rapidly and compete w…
organisms like mold and yeast. Absorbs nutrients.
proteins and nucleic acid. Take over cell and generate their…
Antigen
any substance that can trigger an immune response. Some are p…
Bacterial
microorganisms in the environment. Grow rapidly and compete w…
13 terms
Immune System
Innate immunity
Acquired immunity
Invertebrate immunity
Vertebrate immunity
comprised of nonspecific responses to pathogens, includes ext…
vertebrate adaption; develops after exposure to microbes, tox…
recognize self and non-self... - cuticle of the exoskeleton... - ph…
- skin and mucous membranes of the respiratory, urinary, and…
Innate immunity
comprised of nonspecific responses to pathogens, includes ext…
Acquired immunity
vertebrate adaption; develops after exposure to microbes, tox…
15 terms
Immune System
Inflammatory Response
Phagocyte
Immune Response
Lymphocyte
Part of the body's defense against pathogens, in which fluid…
A white blood cell that destroys pathogens by engulfing them…
Part of the body's defense against pathogens in which cells o…
A white blood cell that distinguishes between each kind of pa…
Inflammatory Response
Part of the body's defense against pathogens, in which fluid…
Phagocyte
A white blood cell that destroys pathogens by engulfing them…
90 terms
Immune system
what type immunity you are exposed to
what is known as the kissing disease
foreign things invade body
Mother to child
aquired
mono
antigens
Passive immunity
what type immunity you are exposed to
aquired
what is known as the kissing disease
mono
The Immune System
Cells of the immune system
The innate (nonspecific) defense system
skin and mucosae membranes
surface membranes
-Surface Barriers: Skin and Mucosae... -Internal Defenses: Cells…
-first line of defense... -role is to prevent pathogens from ent…
-provide mechanical barriers to pathogens
Cells of the immune system
The innate (nonspecific) defense system
-Surface Barriers: Skin and Mucosae... -Internal Defenses: Cells…
Immune System
Explain the concept "acquired immunity"
Define natural immunity
Describe non-specific immunity
List four signs of anaphylactic shock
Acquired during life, not present at life... Develops as a resul…
This is the inborn resistance that the body has against patho…
Is dependent on the state of general health of the individual…
Laryngeal edema, Bronchospasm, Hypotension, Tachycardia/ Palp…
Explain the concept "acquired immunity"
Acquired during life, not present at life... Develops as a resul…
Define natural immunity
This is the inborn resistance that the body has against patho…
11 terms
Immune System
nonspecific response
1st line of defense
immunity
active
prevents or kills anything that does not belong to you
skin
clears the body of invaders
your body creating antibodies
nonspecific response
prevents or kills anything that does not belong to you
1st line of defense
skin
6 terms
Immune System
Immunology
Immunity
Autoimmunity
Immunocompetence
Study of the immune system
Specific response of the body to invasion
Failure of organism to recognize its own parts as "self"
Appropriate response of immune system to stimulation by an an…
Immunology
Study of the immune system
Immunity
Specific response of the body to invasion
50 terms
Immune System
pathogen
antigen
antibody
infectious disease
A disease causing agent
A foreign substance, microorganism that triggers the immune r…
A protein produced by some white blood cells to attack specif…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
pathogen
A disease causing agent
antigen
A foreign substance, microorganism that triggers the immune r…
9 terms
Immune system
Antigen
Antibody
Immunity
Active immunity
an antigen is any substance that causes an immune system to p…
fights invaders
Resistance of an antigen.
You can make your own antibodys
Antigen
an antigen is any substance that causes an immune system to p…
Antibody
fights invaders
14 terms
Immune System
virus
bacterium
fungi
parasite
a nonliving particle of protein and genetic material that rep…
any one of many single - celled organisms without a distinct…
the kingdom of organisms that are mostly multi-cellular, have…
an organism that survives by living and feeding on other orga…
virus
a nonliving particle of protein and genetic material that rep…
bacterium
any one of many single - celled organisms without a distinct…
21 terms
immune system
adaptive immune system
antibody
antigens
antigen presenting cell (APC)
a kind of passive or active immunity in which antibodies to a…
a blood protein that counteracts a specific antigen
substances on the surfaces of agents that act to identify the…
a cell that displays foreign antigens with major histocompati…
adaptive immune system
a kind of passive or active immunity in which antibodies to a…
antibody
a blood protein that counteracts a specific antigen
52 terms
Immune Systems
Immune function overview
lines of defense against foreign patho…
innate immunity
adaptive immunity
1. protects the body against pathogens and foreign substances…
1. innate immunity... 2.adaptive immunity
what you are born with... -non-specific defense against general…
develops after birth... -responds to specific pathogens( 3rd lin…
Immune function overview
1. protects the body against pathogens and foreign substances…
lines of defense against foreign patho…
1. innate immunity... 2.adaptive immunity
15 terms
Immune system
Immune system
Main Job
skin (integumentary system)
pathogens
Tissues, cells, etc that fights off germs, illness, and disea…
To defend the body against disease causing organisms. Manufac…
A shield for pathogens
germs, chemicals.
Immune system
Tissues, cells, etc that fights off germs, illness, and disea…
Main Job
To defend the body against disease causing organisms. Manufac…
24 terms
Immune System
Macrophages
Helper T Cells
Cytotoxic T Cells
B Cells
- a type of white blood cell that helps defend the body by en…
Activate the cytotoxic T cells and B cells.
Attack and kill the infected cells.
Label invaders for later destruction by macrophages.
Macrophages
- a type of white blood cell that helps defend the body by en…
Helper T Cells
Activate the cytotoxic T cells and B cells.
46 terms
Immune System
SCID
Lymphatic System
Primary lymphoid organs
Secondary lymphoid organs
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, a genetic disorder of the i…
One way circulation running along the veins, arteries, and ne…
Bone marrow and thymus, where lymphocytes and macrophages are…
Lymph nodes, spleen, and mucosa associated lymphoid tissue wh…
SCID
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, a genetic disorder of the i…
Lymphatic System
One way circulation running along the veins, arteries, and ne…
25 terms
Immune System
immune system
microorganism
pathogen
infectious disease
The system that protects you against invaders
A microscopic organism
A microorganism that causes disease
A disease caused by a pathogen
immune system
The system that protects you against invaders
microorganism
A microscopic organism
68 terms
immune system
people who made the germ theory of dis…
types of disease
normal flora states
carriers
robert koch and louis pasteur
infectious, genetic, wear and tear
there are normal pathogens that dont hurt our bodies
people who carry the disease but arent affected by it
people who made the germ theory of dis…
robert koch and louis pasteur
types of disease
infectious, genetic, wear and tear
30 terms
Immune System
Neutrophils
Eosinophils
Basophils
Lymphocyte
Neutrophils
Eosinophils
21 terms
Immune System
Infectious Disease
Immune System
Immunity
Pathogen
A disease that can affect the immune response due to pathogens.
Designed to protect against microscopic organisms and foreign…
The ability of an organism to resist foreign organisms or inv…
Living organism that causes disease(foreign organism,microbe,…
Infectious Disease
A disease that can affect the immune response due to pathogens.
Immune System
Designed to protect against microscopic organisms and foreign…
51 terms
IMMUNE SYSTEM
AIDS
HIV
type 1 diabetes
multiple sclerosis
syndrome with no cure caused by the human immunodeficiency vi…
a retrovirus that destroys helper T cells, resulting in a dec…
autoimmune disease; caused by destruction of pancreatic beta…
autoimmune disease; myelin of the white matter of the brain a…
AIDS
syndrome with no cure caused by the human immunodeficiency vi…
HIV
a retrovirus that destroys helper T cells, resulting in a dec…
27 terms
Immune System
Immune System
Pathogen
Bacteria
Antibiotic
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
Living, single celled organism that causes disease. Can be ki…
A medicine that kills bacteria and other living cells. DOES N…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Pathogen
Anything that can cause disease (make you sick). Bacteria, pa…
75 terms
immune system
immune system functions
2 global classes of immune system
innate immunity
adaptive immunity
(1) defense against infections... (2) defense aginst tumors ... (3)…
innate (no memory)... adaptive (highly specific, memory)
General, non-specific protection to the body, including the s…
...
immune system functions
(1) defense against infections... (2) defense aginst tumors ... (3)…
2 global classes of immune system
innate (no memory)... adaptive (highly specific, memory)
41 terms
Immune system
Erythrocytes
Blood plasma
Fibrinogen
Platelets
A blood cell that contains hemoglobin, which transports oxyge…
The pale yellow fluid portion of whole blood that consists of…
plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting pr…
A pinched-off cytoplasmic fragment of a specialized bone marr…
Erythrocytes
A blood cell that contains hemoglobin, which transports oxyge…
Blood plasma
The pale yellow fluid portion of whole blood that consists of…
50 terms
Immune System
pathogen
antigen
antibody
infectious disease
A disease causing agent
A foreign substance, microorganism that triggers the immune r…
A protein produced by some white blood cells to attack specif…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
pathogen
A disease causing agent
antigen
A foreign substance, microorganism that triggers the immune r…
27 terms
Immune System
Immune System
Pathogen
Bacteria
Antibiotic
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
1) Anything that can cause disease (make you sick).... 2) Bacter…
!)Living, single celled organism that causes disease.... 2) Can…
A medicine that kills bacteria and other living cells. DOES N…
Immune System
Human body system that recognizes (sees), marks and destroys…
Pathogen
1) Anything that can cause disease (make you sick).... 2) Bacter…
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