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Study sets matching "and linguistics language processing"

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Study sets matching "and linguistics language processing"

12 terms
Computational Linguistics - Language Processing
evidence for linguistic theory
introspective judgements
linguistic knowledge
pragmatics
1. whether or not sentence is grammatical/has meaning... 2. judg…
what speakers think about sentences/utterances of their langu…
mapping between sound and meaning
maps sentence meanings for each context into utterance meanings
evidence for linguistic theory
1. whether or not sentence is grammatical/has meaning... 2. judg…
introspective judgements
what speakers think about sentences/utterances of their langu…
10 terms
Linguistics Exam 3: Language processing
Studying Language Processing
Processing Levels
Phonological Processing
Types of processing
Methodologies for studying processing ... -processing time (reac…
Activation ... A variety of stimuli are used ... -phonological (so…
What do spoonerisms tell us about speech production? ... A. lexi…
Top-down processing: cup of ____ will still be heard as cup o…
Studying Language Processing
Methodologies for studying processing ... -processing time (reac…
Processing Levels
Activation ... A variety of stimuli are used ... -phonological (so…
21 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10 Language Processing and the Human Brain
Psycholinguistics
Acoustic
Acoustic phonetics
Segmentaion problem
The area of linguistics that is concerned with linguistic per…
Pertaining to physical aspects of sound
Concerned with only the speech sounds, all of which can be he…
A problem of speech perception: To explain how listeners carv…
Psycholinguistics
The area of linguistics that is concerned with linguistic per…
Acoustic
Pertaining to physical aspects of sound
52 terms
English Linguistics Ch 9 (Language Processing: Humans and Computers): Final Exam
Psycholinguistics
Acoustic signal
Fundamental frequency
Intensity
the branch of linguistics with linguistic performance, langua…
the sound waves produced by any sound source, including speech
in speech, the rate at which the vocal cords vibrate, symboli…
the magnitude of an acoustic signal, which is perceived as lo…
Psycholinguistics
the branch of linguistics with linguistic performance, langua…
Acoustic signal
the sound waves produced by any sound source, including speech
67 terms
Language Linguistics
First and Second Language Acquisition…
Universal Grammar
Poverty of Stimulus argument
Language acquisition
Until about 1957, the general belief was that children acquir…
the basis upon which all human languages are built.
Children acquire language quite easily yet they are exposed t…
subconscious, has an emphasis on communication and reception,…
First and Second Language Acquisition…
Until about 1957, the general belief was that children acquir…
Universal Grammar
the basis upon which all human languages are built.
12 terms
Language & Linguistics
a register
audience
text
language
any of the varieties of a language that a speaker uses in a p…
a reading, viewing, or listening public
in this class, this means anything with language and/or image…
the words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining…
a register
any of the varieties of a language that a speaker uses in a p…
audience
a reading, viewing, or listening public
Language and Linguistics
prelinguistic stage
holophrastic stage
telegraphic stage
receptive language
silent period with only crying and later cooing and babbling
one word communication
(about 28 months) when the child may omit some syllables in w…
language that is spoken or written by others and received by…
prelinguistic stage
silent period with only crying and later cooing and babbling
holophrastic stage
one word communication
125 terms
Language and Linguistics
Six Universal Stages
Prelinguistic Stage
Holophrastic Stage
Two-Word Stage
Prelinguistic Stage, Holophrastic Stage, Two-Word Stage, Tele…
Includes a silent period with only crying and later cooing an…
One-word communication
Two-word communication
Six Universal Stages
Prelinguistic Stage, Holophrastic Stage, Two-Word Stage, Tele…
Prelinguistic Stage
Includes a silent period with only crying and later cooing an…
112 terms
Language and Linguistics
what is the most important subject in…
phoneme
number of phonemes in English
grapheme
Reading
smallest part of spoken language... makes a difference in the me…
41
smallest part of written language that represents a phoneme i…
what is the most important subject in…
Reading
phoneme
smallest part of spoken language... makes a difference in the me…
77 terms
language and linguistics
phonetics
phonology
morphology
semantics
the study of sounds of language and their physical properties
the analysis of how sounds function in a language or dialect
the study of the structure of words
the study of the meaning in language (word meanings)
phonetics
the study of sounds of language and their physical properties
phonology
the analysis of how sounds function in a language or dialect
27 terms
Language and Linguistics
simple sentence
compound sentence
complex sentence
compound complex sentence
subject + verb
2 independent clauses joined by coordinating (and, but, or) O…
has a dependent clause (no complete thought) and an independe…
has 2 independent and at least one dependent clause... Ex. I am…
simple sentence
subject + verb
compound sentence
2 independent clauses joined by coordinating (and, but, or) O…
73 terms
Language and Linguistics
Phoneme Isolation... Build phonemic aware…
Phoneme Identity... Build phonemic awaren…
Phoneme Categorization... Build phonemic…
Phoneme Blending... Build phonemic awaren…
recognize sounds in a word
recognize the same sounds in different words
recognize a word with a sound that does not match sounds in o…
combine the phonemes to form a word-then read and write the w…
Phoneme Isolation... Build phonemic aware…
recognize sounds in a word
Phoneme Identity... Build phonemic awaren…
recognize the same sounds in different words
10 terms
Language and Linguistics
Yoko Ono, Grapefruit, 1964
Joseph Kosuth, Four Titled Abstracts (…
Joseph Beuys, How to Explain Pictures…
Bruce Nauman, the True Artist Helps th…
Series of pieces written in books describing scenes of sorts
Yoko Ono, Grapefruit, 1964
Series of pieces written in books describing scenes of sorts
Joseph Kosuth, Four Titled Abstracts (…
24 terms
Language and Linguistics
Phoneme
Grapheme
Phonics
Phonemic Awareness
The smallest unit of speech sound. It combines with other uni…
The equivalent of a phoneme, smallest part of written languag…
Involves teaching children to connect sounds with letters or…
The ability to hear, identify,and manipulate the individual s…
Phoneme
The smallest unit of speech sound. It combines with other uni…
Grapheme
The equivalent of a phoneme, smallest part of written languag…
Linguistics and Language Acquisition
Accent
Acronym
Affective Filter
Affix
the phonology or pronunciation of a specific regional dialect…
Word composed of the initials of several words and pronounced…
is the term used to refer to a learning blockage resulting fr…
A bound morpheme attached to a stem or root.
Accent
the phonology or pronunciation of a specific regional dialect…
Acronym
Word composed of the initials of several words and pronounced…
11 terms
Language and Linguistics
Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
Semantics
The formal study of structures and processes of a language. L…
The study of the sounds of language and their physical proper…
The analysis of how sounds function in a language or dialect.
The study of the meaning in language.
Linguistics
The formal study of structures and processes of a language. L…
Phonetics
The study of the sounds of language and their physical proper…
34 terms
Language & Linguistics
Phoneme
Phoneme Manipulation
Phonology
Grapheme
Smallest part of spoken language that make a difference in th…
Blending phonemes to make words, segmenting words into phonem…
The rule system within a language by which phonemes are seque…
Smallest part of written language that represents a phoneme i…
Phoneme
Smallest part of spoken language that make a difference in th…
Phoneme Manipulation
Blending phonemes to make words, segmenting words into phonem…
12 terms
linguistic processes
language modalities
language domains
phono process - segmental
phono process - suprasegmental
verbal expression, written expression, reading comprehension,…
content, form, use
left hemisphere dominant; processing of the actual sound elem…
(right-hemisphere dominant) processing of elements such as in…
language modalities
verbal expression, written expression, reading comprehension,…
language domains
content, form, use
52 terms
Language and Linguistics
Signifier
Signified
Sign
Saussure
any meaningful stream of sounds; a linguistic form.
concept a signifier represents; the mental component
the idea plus the word of a concept; when a word is paired wi…
Linguist who came up with the idea of sign, signifier and sig…
Signifier
any meaningful stream of sounds; a linguistic form.
Signified
concept a signifier represents; the mental component
Language and Linguistics
Postvocalic R
Labov
Uptalk
Like
The R is dropped after vowels and is the remnant of British E…
Hypothesis: use of postvocalic r is a reflection of social cl…
The act of turning statements into questions, as tools for af…
12,000 phone calls: used more by young than old people and by…
Postvocalic R
The R is dropped after vowels and is the remnant of British E…
Labov
Hypothesis: use of postvocalic r is a reflection of social cl…
78 terms
Language and linguistics
Grammatical competence =
Communicative competence =
Phonetics =
Phonology =
Production, interpretation
Purpose, context
Production and interpretations of sounds
Organisation of phonetics
Grammatical competence =
Production, interpretation
Communicative competence =
Purpose, context
114 terms
Language and Linguistics
Phoneme
Grapheme
Phonemic Awareness
Phonological Awareness
The smallest part of spoken language that makes a difference…
The smallest part of written language that represents a phone…
Ability to hear, identify and manipulate the individual sound…
Includes Phonemic awareness... Involve work with rhymes, words,…
Phoneme
The smallest part of spoken language that makes a difference…
Grapheme
The smallest part of written language that represents a phone…
56 terms
Language and Linguistics
Discuss how one makes subjects and ver…
Compare and contrast deep-structure an…
Define a subject of a sentence, and ex…
Describe how sentences are classified.
In the present tense, verbs agree with their subjects in numb…
Deep structure is a representation of the syntax of a sentenc…
The subject of a sentence names who or what the sentence is a…
Sentences are classified in two ways: according to their stru…
Discuss how one makes subjects and ver…
In the present tense, verbs agree with their subjects in numb…
Compare and contrast deep-structure an…
Deep structure is a representation of the syntax of a sentenc…
37 terms
Language and Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
Morphology
Semantics
the study of the sounds of lang and their physical properties
the analysis of how sounds function in the language or dialect
the study of the structure of words
the study of the meaning in language
Phonetics
the study of the sounds of lang and their physical properties
Phonology
the analysis of how sounds function in the language or dialect
13 terms
Language and Linguistics
4 skills
Culture
Language
Linguistics
Listening, Reading, Writing, Speaking, Culture
an area of knowledge for knowing and applying French
a defining characteristic of people
scientific study of language
4 skills
Listening, Reading, Writing, Speaking, Culture
Culture
an area of knowledge for knowing and applying French
67 terms
language and linguistics
language and linguistics
what is language?
major features of language
communicative (major features of langu…
Features of Language ... Knowledge of Language ... Language and Lin…
Is an arbitrary and changeable set of vocal symbols which are…
communicative, vocal, human, social, natural, changeable, rul…
The most basic function of language is to communicate
language and linguistics
Features of Language ... Knowledge of Language ... Language and Lin…
what is language?
Is an arbitrary and changeable set of vocal symbols which are…
21 terms
language and linguistics
reasons to study a foreign language
practical reasons of learning a forieg…
side effects of learning a foreign lan…
foreign language skills and knowledge
Practical, Intellectual or Academic,... Educational
travel, college, family, work requiremnts
improved listening comprehension and reading comprehension, c…
students want to be able to use the language
reasons to study a foreign language
Practical, Intellectual or Academic,... Educational
practical reasons of learning a forieg…
travel, college, family, work requiremnts
14 terms
Language & Linguistics
Phoneme
Grapheme
Phonics
Phonemic Awareness
The smallest part of spoken language that makes a difference…
The smallest part of written language that represents a phone…
The fairly predictable relationship between phonemes and grap…
The ability to hear, identify, and manipulate the individual…
Phoneme
The smallest part of spoken language that makes a difference…
Grapheme
The smallest part of written language that represents a phone…
9 terms
Language & Linguistics
Phonetics
phonology
morphology
semantics
study of sounds and language
analysis of sounds function in a language
study of the structure of words
study of the meaning in language
Phonetics
study of sounds and language
phonology
analysis of sounds function in a language
37 terms
Language and linguistics
Linear order
Phonology
Morphology
Morpheme
The Pacific sequence that different types of words follow
The study of the sound system of a language
The study of the structure in classification of words and uni…
Bound or free
Linear order
The Pacific sequence that different types of words follow
Phonology
The study of the sound system of a language
14 terms
Language of linguistics
Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
Morphology
Study of structure and process of language
Study of sounds of language
Analysis of how sounds function in a language
Study of structure of words
Linguistics
Study of structure and process of language
Phonetics
Study of sounds of language
20 terms
Language and Linguistics
Early Childhood-Pre K : Developmental…
Early Childhood-Pre k: Reading Instruc…
K-2nd (3rd) Grade : Developmental Expe…
K-2nd (3rd) Grade : Reading Instructio…
Beginning awareness that text progresses from L-R... Scribble an…
Begin phonemic awareness... - Help to recognize print in enviro…
Letters are associated with sounds. Children begin to read CV…
Systematic and explicit instruction, including:... - Phonics, p…
Early Childhood-Pre K : Developmental…
Beginning awareness that text progresses from L-R... Scribble an…
Early Childhood-Pre k: Reading Instruc…
Begin phonemic awareness... - Help to recognize print in enviro…
27 terms
Language & Linguistics
Language
Linguistics
Perspective Linguistics
Descriptive Linguistics
System of communication using sounds or gestures that are put…
Scientific study of all aspects of language
How people SHOULD talk
How people DO talk
Language
System of communication using sounds or gestures that are put…
Linguistics
Scientific study of all aspects of language
39 terms
Language and Linguistics
What are two reasons to study a foreig…
What are the practical reasons to stud…
What do the intellectual reasons impro…
What are intellectual reasons?
practice, intellectual
high school requirements, collage admission requirements, wor…
ability to think abstractly, listening comprehension, reading…
desirable effects
What are two reasons to study a foreig…
practice, intellectual
What are the practical reasons to stud…
high school requirements, collage admission requirements, wor…
27 terms
Language and Linguistics
What 2 categories are reasons to study?
What do practical reasons include?
What do most people study for foreign…
what are intellectual reasons of study…
1.Practical... 2.Intellectual
High school requirements,college admission requirements, work…
Practical reasons.
Improved ability to think abstractly, listening and reading c…
What 2 categories are reasons to study?
1.Practical... 2.Intellectual
What do practical reasons include?
High school requirements,college admission requirements, work…
24 terms
Language- linguistics
there is something to be said for... eg:…
when all is said and done... eg: ....., t…
you can say that again
needless to say... eg: needless to say, t…
something has a lot of advantage... Sống một mình cũng có rất nh…
after everything else, remember this... ( điều quan trọng cần nh…
I totally agree with you
không cần phải nói= this is to be totally expected
there is something to be said for... eg:…
something has a lot of advantage... Sống một mình cũng có rất nh…
when all is said and done... eg: ....., t…
after everything else, remember this... ( điều quan trọng cần nh…
17 terms
Language & Linguistic
language
females are more
humans are
Grammer
different sounds, rules, oral, structures
capable of learning a language than men
hardwired for language... -range acquisition ... -neural development
mental system of rules and categories that allow us to use/in…
language
different sounds, rules, oral, structures
females are more
capable of learning a language than men
12 terms
Language & linguistics
Non detectors
Referent
Referential communication
Ackerman 1981
Children who have little or no conception of meaning apart fr…
The thing in the world that a word or phrase stands for
is a skill that crosses several different language components…
Found children were better able to evaluate msgs from a poten…
Non detectors
Children who have little or no conception of meaning apart fr…
Referent
The thing in the world that a word or phrase stands for
Language and Linguistics
Reasons to study a foreign language
What are the four skills that foreign…
What is the one area of knowledge?
Communication can occur without langua…
Academic and Educational
Listening, reading, writing, speaking
Culture
gestures, grunts, signs, symbols, body language
Reasons to study a foreign language
Academic and Educational
What are the four skills that foreign…
Listening, reading, writing, speaking
9 terms
Language & Linguistics
Phonetics
phonology
morphology
semantics
study of sounds and language
analysis of sounds function in a language
study of the structure of words
study of the meaning in language
Phonetics
study of sounds and language
phonology
analysis of sounds function in a language
18 terms
Language and Linguistics
Does a part of speech ever change?
Can a word's function change?
In English what are indirect objects u…
What are three languages that word ord…
No, a noun will always stay a noun.
Yes, a words function depends on the sentence it is in.
For and To
English, French, and Spanish
Does a part of speech ever change?
No, a noun will always stay a noun.
Can a word's function change?
Yes, a words function depends on the sentence it is in.
18 terms
Language and linguistics
Languages are useful to study for two…
Practical reasons that are required to…
Family, friends, and travel are all __…
Foreign languages also have intellectu…
Practical and educational
High school, college, and business
practical
abstract thinking, listening and reading comprehension, Engli…
Languages are useful to study for two…
Practical and educational
Practical reasons that are required to…
High school, college, and business
21 terms
Linguistics in Language
What is Linguistics
Acquisition
subfield of linguistics
subfield of linguistics
Scientific study of language
Language learning
Morphology
Phonology
What is Linguistics
Scientific study of language
Acquisition
Language learning
44 terms
Languages and Linguistics
English Language
Old English
Middle English
Basic English
developed from West Germanic dialects of the Angles Saxons, a…
began around 428 and continued until the Norman conquest in t…
language spoken between the Norman conquest and the Renaissan…
a simplified English for non-English speakers, consisting of…
English Language
developed from West Germanic dialects of the Angles Saxons, a…
Old English
began around 428 and continued until the Norman conquest in t…
8 terms
Languages, Linguistics
English Langauge
Old English
Middle Englishan author for a articula…
Anglo French
Developed from West Germanic dialects of the Angles, Saxons,…
Began around 428 and continued until Norman Conquest in the 1…
Language spoken between the Norman Conquest and the Renaissan…
The French language as used in England between 1100 and 1350.…
English Langauge
Developed from West Germanic dialects of the Angles, Saxons,…
Old English
Began around 428 and continued until Norman Conquest in the 1…
52 terms
Linguistics- Languages
Indo- European... Germanic... Denmark
Indo- European... Germanic... Netherlands, I…
Indo- European... Germanic... North America,…
Indo- European... Germanic... Belgium
Danish
Dutch
English
Flemish
Indo- European... Germanic... Denmark
Danish
Indo- European... Germanic... Netherlands, I…
Dutch
32 terms
Linguistics Languages
Afrikaans
Arabic
Armenian
Bengali
Germanic
Not IE
Armenian
Indo-Iranian
Afrikaans
Germanic
Arabic
Not IE
60 terms
Language and Linguistics Part 2
Phrases
Clauses
Preposition
Conjunction
a group of words without a subject and predicate. A phrase ca…
contain a subject and a verb. May be independent or subordina…
relates a noun or pronoun to another word in the sentence; th…
a word that may connect words, phrases and clauses.
Phrases
a group of words without a subject and predicate. A phrase ca…
Clauses
contain a subject and a verb. May be independent or subordina…
14 terms
English language; linguistics
ESC - English speaking countries
mother tongue
foreign language
bilingual
anglicky mluvící země
mateřský jazyk
cizí jazyk
dvojjazyčný
ESC - English speaking countries
anglicky mluvící země
mother tongue
mateřský jazyk
45 terms
CSET: Language and Linguistics
Phoneme
Grapheme
Phonemic Awareness
Phoneme Isolation
smallest part of spoken language (41 phonemes)
Smallest part of written language
ability to hear, identify, and manipulate individual sounds i…
Recognize individual sounds in a word
Phoneme
smallest part of spoken language (41 phonemes)
Grapheme
Smallest part of written language
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