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Study sets matching "and osseous tissue"

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Study sets matching "and osseous tissue"

11 terms
Osseous Tissue
Osteon
Concentric lamellae
Lacunae
Osteocytes
Unit of bone consisting of a central canal, concentric lamell…
Circular layers of hard bone matrix surrounding a central can…
Small spaces between concentric lamellae that osteocytes live…
Cells that maintain mature bone tissue; live in lacunae betwe…
Osteon
Unit of bone consisting of a central canal, concentric lamell…
Concentric lamellae
Circular layers of hard bone matrix surrounding a central can…
15 terms
Osseous Tissue
Osseous Tissue
Cells in Osseous Tissue
Osteocytes
Osteoblasts
1. Cells... 2. Matrix
Osteocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts
Mature bone cells
Bone-forming cells (germ cells or "bud" cells)
Osseous Tissue
1. Cells... 2. Matrix
Cells in Osseous Tissue
Osteocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts
95 terms
osseous tissue
proximal epiphysis
medullary cavity
support... protection... movement... mineral st…
mineral salts... 65% of bone by mass... main…
what are the functions of the skeletal system?
what are hydroxyapatites and what are they responsible for?
proximal epiphysis
medullary cavity
31 terms
Osseous Tissue
Proximal epiphysis.
Diaphysis.
Articular Cartilage.
Spongy bone.
Define A on the diagram.
Define B on the diagram.
Define C on the diagram.
Define D on the diagram.
Proximal epiphysis.
Define A on the diagram.
Diaphysis.
Define B on the diagram.
8 terms
Osseous Tissue
osteon
Haversian (central) canal
Lamella
Lacunae
rings around osteon
osteon
Haversian (central) canal
83 terms
Osseous Tissue
Two major divisions of the human skele…
Tendons
Ligaments
Six functions of bone
Axial skeleton and appendicular skeleton
Connect muscle to bone
Connect bones to bones
Support, store minerals, store lipids, produce blood cells, p…
Two major divisions of the human skele…
Axial skeleton and appendicular skeleton
Tendons
Connect muscle to bone
35 terms
Osseous Tissue
long bones
diaphysis
epiphyses
short bones
extended longitudinal axes
elongated shaft of long bone
knoblike ends of long bones
appear cube shaped
long bones
extended longitudinal axes
diaphysis
elongated shaft of long bone
30 terms
Osseous Tissue
Skeletal System
Cartilage
Ligaments
Protection:... (Function of Skeletal Syst…
Consists of: Bones of the Skeleton, Cartilage, Ligaments
Articular Surface and Bone Model (embryonic forerunner of mos…
hold bones together at the joints :Dense regular CT (NB: Tend…
Delicate tissues and organs are surrounded by the skeleton
Skeletal System
Consists of: Bones of the Skeleton, Cartilage, Ligaments
Cartilage
Articular Surface and Bone Model (embryonic forerunner of mos…
23 terms
Osseous Tissue
long bone
short/round bone
flat
irregular
humerus
talus
sternum
vertebra
long bone
humerus
short/round bone
talus
8 terms
Osseous tissue
periosteum
venule arteriole
osteons
lamellae
periosteum
venule arteriole
15 terms
osseous tissue
functions of osseous tissue (5)
calcium phosphate or Ca salts
hematopoiesis (3 types)
bone shapes (5 types)
1. support... 2. storage (calcium & adipose)... 3. hematopoiesis (p…
-stored in matrix/ground substance of bone, makes matrix dens…
-erythropoiesis: produce RBC's... -lymphopoiesis: produce lympho…
-long bone (femur, humerus, etc.)... -short bone (phalanges, car…
functions of osseous tissue (5)
1. support... 2. storage (calcium & adipose)... 3. hematopoiesis (p…
calcium phosphate or Ca salts
-stored in matrix/ground substance of bone, makes matrix dens…
60 terms
Osseous Tissue
Functions of the Skeletal System
Calcium reserve is important because
Where are WBC and RBC produced?
Bone is a
1. Framework to support soft tissues ... 2. Protection of organs…
skeletal muscle contraction and heart contractions
stem cell rich tissue that are located in certain bones in so…
Supporting Connective tissue
Functions of the Skeletal System
1. Framework to support soft tissues ... 2. Protection of organs…
Calcium reserve is important because
skeletal muscle contraction and heart contractions
8 terms
Osseous tissue
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Osteon (Haversian system)
Central (Haversian) canal
-homogeneous... -looks smooth
-small needle-like pieces of bone... -keeps bone light
-unit of bone containing central canal and matrix rings
-opening in the center of an osteon... -carries blood vessels an…
Compact bone
-homogeneous... -looks smooth
Spongy bone
-small needle-like pieces of bone... -keeps bone light
25 terms
Osseous tissue
Bone shapes
Functions of skeletal system
bone histology
bone cell types
long bones: femur... short bones: carpals... flat bones: sternum... ir…
-support... -storage... 1.mineras... 2.calcium... 3.fats... -blood cell prod…
-structural connective tissue... -specialized cells-osteocytes... -…
osteoprogenitor cells... osteoblasts... osteocytes... osteoclasts
Bone shapes
long bones: femur... short bones: carpals... flat bones: sternum... ir…
Functions of skeletal system
-support... -storage... 1.mineras... 2.calcium... 3.fats... -blood cell prod…
12 terms
Osseous Tissue
Osteocytes
Osteoblasts
Osteoclasts
Matrix
mature bone cells
bone forming/building cells (germ cells or "bud cells")
bone destroying cells
made of primarily collagen fibers, flexible and tensile stren…
Osteocytes
mature bone cells
Osteoblasts
bone forming/building cells (germ cells or "bud cells")
11 terms
Osseous Tissue
Osteon
Concentric lamellae
Lacunae
Osteocytes
Unit of bone consisting of a central canal, concentric lamell…
Circular layers of hard bone matrix surrounding a central can…
Small spaces between concentric lamellae that osteocytes live…
Cells that maintain mature bone tissue; live in lacunae betwe…
Osteon
Unit of bone consisting of a central canal, concentric lamell…
Concentric lamellae
Circular layers of hard bone matrix surrounding a central can…
14 terms
Osseous tissue
Canaliculi
capillaries
Central Canal
lamellae
Hairlike canals that connect lacunae to each other and the ce…
Microscopic vessel through which exchanges take place between…
Concentric rings made up of groups of hollow tubes of bone ma…
Canaliculi
Hairlike canals that connect lacunae to each other and the ce…
capillaries
Microscopic vessel through which exchanges take place between…
72 terms
Osseous Tissue
Osteogenesis
Ossification
Abnormal Calcification
RANK/RANKL
bone formation
-process of replacing other tissues with bone... -converts osteo…
-ectopic ... -may occur in lungs, brain, eyes, muscles, tendons,…
-RANK ligand molecule that attaches to a receptor on the cell…
Osteogenesis
bone formation
Ossification
-process of replacing other tissues with bone... -converts osteo…
31 terms
Osseous Tissue
Proximal epiphysis.
Diaphysis.
Articular Cartilage.
Spongy bone.
Define A on the diagram.
Define B on the diagram.
Define C on the diagram.
Define D on the diagram.
Proximal epiphysis.
Define A on the diagram.
Diaphysis.
Define B on the diagram.
52 terms
Osseous Tissue
What are the two major divisions of th…
Compare and contrast ligaments and ten…
List and describe the six functions of…
Six classifications of bones.
1. Appendicular Skeleton... 2. Axial Skeleton
Ligament = bone to bone... Tendons = bone to muscle
- Support (framework)... - Protection... - Leverage... - Mineral Stora…
Long bones - has a shaft and two ends; made mostly of compact…
What are the two major divisions of th…
1. Appendicular Skeleton... 2. Axial Skeleton
Compare and contrast ligaments and ten…
Ligament = bone to bone... Tendons = bone to muscle
31 terms
Osseous Tissue
Proximal epiphysis.
Diaphysis.
Articular Cartilage.
Spongy bone.
Define A on the diagram.
Define B on the diagram.
Define C on the diagram.
Define D on the diagram.
Proximal epiphysis.
Define A on the diagram.
Diaphysis.
Define B on the diagram.
62 terms
osseous tissue
blast
condyl
inter
glen
budding
knob
among
joint socket
blast
budding
condyl
knob
37 terms
Osseous Tissue
Functions of skeleton
Osteoprogenitor cells
Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
support, movement, protection, hematoposis (blood cell format…
mesenchymal (embryonic, undifferentiated) cells that divide a…
remodel and repair bone, produce proteins and organic compone…
mature osteoblasts that do not divide; convert to osteoblasts…
Functions of skeleton
support, movement, protection, hematoposis (blood cell format…
Osteoprogenitor cells
mesenchymal (embryonic, undifferentiated) cells that divide a…
6 terms
Osseous Tissue
canaliculus
central canal
lacuna
lamella
canaliculus
central canal
63 terms
Osseous Tissue
Skeletal cartilage
Skeletal cartilagee
Three types of cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
Water-based gives cartilage resiliency
blood vessels & nerves surround the cartilage nourishment & w…
Hyaline, elastic, and fibrocartilage
Provides supports, flexibility, and resilience; collagen fibe…
Skeletal cartilage
Water-based gives cartilage resiliency
Skeletal cartilagee
blood vessels & nerves surround the cartilage nourishment & w…
27 terms
Osseous Tissue
Proximal epiphysis.
Diaphysis.
Articular Cartilage.
Spongy bone.
Define A on the diagram.
Define B on the diagram.
Define C on the diagram.
Define D on the diagram.
Proximal epiphysis.
Define A on the diagram.
Diaphysis.
Define B on the diagram.
13 terms
Osseous Tissue
Compact bone/Spongy bone
Central (Haversian system)
Osteon (Haversian system)
Circumferential lamellae
Compact bone/Spongy bone
Central (Haversian system)
86 terms
Osseous Tissue
The skeleton, cartilages, ligaments an…
Osseous Tissue
Support, storage of minerals, blood ce…
2/3 calcium phosphate, 1/3 collagen fi…
The skeletal system is made up of
Bone tissue is also known as
Five functions of the skeletal system
Components of the bone matrix
The skeleton, cartilages, ligaments an…
The skeletal system is made up of
Osseous Tissue
Bone tissue is also known as
Osseous Tissue
Hematopoiesis
support, storage, protection, leverage
Erythropoiesis
Lymphopoiesis
production of blood cells
functions of osseous tissue (4)
production of red blood cells (erythrocytes)
produce lymphocytes (type of white blood cell)
Hematopoiesis
production of blood cells
support, storage, protection, leverage
functions of osseous tissue (4)
11 terms
Osseous Tissue
Structure, Storage of minerals and lip…
Bone (Osteon)
Lacuna
Lamella
What are the major functions of bone?
Structure, Storage of minerals and lip…
What are the major functions of bone?
Bone (Osteon)
53 terms
Osseous Tissue
bones do work for us!
long bones
short bones
flat bones
work=force x distance
2 ends w/shaft... ex: humerus
carpals
sternum, bones of skull
bones do work for us!
work=force x distance
long bones
2 ends w/shaft... ex: humerus
26 terms
Osseous tissue
what are canaliculi
what is the bone matrix made up of
what is an osteocyte
what is the perostieum
-Pathways to and from blood vessels and cytoplasmic ... extensio…
2/3 of bone matrix is mineral:... calcium phosphate: Ca3(PO4)2... r…
-highly specialized mature bone cell that maintains the bone…
-covers outer surfaces of bones ... -dense irregular tissue, fib…
what are canaliculi
-Pathways to and from blood vessels and cytoplasmic ... extensio…
what is the bone matrix made up of
2/3 of bone matrix is mineral:... calcium phosphate: Ca3(PO4)2... r…
39 terms
Osseous tissue
function of bones
function of bones: long bones
function of bones: ... short bones
function of bones: flat bones
support of soft tissue and skin, protection of internal organ…
leverage for large movements... -anything that two ends, a circu…
lever for limited motions: wrist and ankle... -squat, square sha…
protection: skull, sternum, ribs, scapulae
function of bones
support of soft tissue and skin, protection of internal organ…
function of bones: long bones
leverage for large movements... -anything that two ends, a circu…
94 terms
Osseous Tissue
What are the three parts of the skelet…
What is the main purpose of the cartil…
What is Osseous tissue?
What are the 6 functions of the skelet…
cartilage, ligaments, connective tissue
to stabilize the skeleton
it is bone tissue
support, storage for minerals, storage for lipids through yel…
What are the three parts of the skelet…
cartilage, ligaments, connective tissue
What is the main purpose of the cartil…
to stabilize the skeleton
10 terms
Osseous Tissue
spongy in appearance
contains hard but delicate slivers of…
covered by compact bone
fills heads of long bones
spongy bone
spongy bone
spongy bone
spongy bone
spongy in appearance
spongy bone
contains hard but delicate slivers of…
spongy bone
76 terms
Osseous Tissue
Endochondral ossification?
What is necessary for a long bone to g…
Calcitriol is required for?
Two types of fractures are what?
Hyaline cartilage model... Calcifying bone matrix... Bone collar fo…
Special cartilage plates called epihyseal plates
absorbing dietary calcium and phosphate
closed or simple- completely internal... open or compound- proje…
Endochondral ossification?
Hyaline cartilage model... Calcifying bone matrix... Bone collar fo…
What is necessary for a long bone to g…
Special cartilage plates called epihyseal plates
23 terms
Osseous Tissue
what are the parts of the skeletal sys…
what is the function of the skeletal s…
name the two types of bone markings
what are the classifications of bone
bones, joints, cartilage, ligaments
support protection leverage mineral storage storage of lipids…
projection and processes- grow out from the bone surface... depr…
long-has a shaft and two ends, made of mostly compact bone... sh…
what are the parts of the skeletal sys…
bones, joints, cartilage, ligaments
what is the function of the skeletal s…
support protection leverage mineral storage storage of lipids…
45 terms
Osseous Tissue
What are the 6 functions of the skelet…
How many bones are in the human body (…
What are the 6 types of bone shapes?
Where are long bones found?
support, protection, leverage (force of motion), blood cell p…
206
Long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones, sutural…
arms, forearms, thighs, lets, hands, feet, fingers, toes
What are the 6 functions of the skelet…
support, protection, leverage (force of motion), blood cell p…
How many bones are in the human body (…
206
57 terms
Osseous Tissue
long bone
diaphysis
epiphysis
metaphysis
long and slender, upper and lower appendges
long tubular shaft
expanded end of the bone
connects the diaphysis to the epiphysis
long bone
long and slender, upper and lower appendges
diaphysis
long tubular shaft
27 terms
Osseous Tissue
long bone
short bone
flat bone
irregular bone
longer than wide, for leverage and movement (femur, radius, u…
long as wide, provide stability in ankles and wrists. (tarsal…
thin with 2 distinct layers, provide protection and serve as…
shapes are specific to their function
long bone
longer than wide, for leverage and movement (femur, radius, u…
short bone
long as wide, provide stability in ankles and wrists. (tarsal…
71 terms
Osseous Tissue
skeletal system
functions of skeletal system
Classification of Bone
long bones
includes Bones of the skeleton,... Cartilages, ligaments, and co…
Support... Storage of minerals (calcium)... Storage of lipids (yell…
Shape... Internal tissue organization... bone markings
these bones are long and thin... found in arms, legs, hands, fee…
skeletal system
includes Bones of the skeleton,... Cartilages, ligaments, and co…
functions of skeletal system
Support... Storage of minerals (calcium)... Storage of lipids (yell…
20 terms
Osseous tissue
Process
Ramus
Trochanter
Tuberosity
A projection or bump... -the cheek bone
An extension of a bone that forms an angle with the rest of t…
A large, rough projection... -top right know of the femur
A rough projection... -long side of humerus
Process
A projection or bump... -the cheek bone
Ramus
An extension of a bone that forms an angle with the rest of t…
74 terms
Osseous Tissue
Osteology
Functions of Osseous structures
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
study of osseous tissue
-support... -protection... -movement... -mineral homeostasis... -hemopoie…
long shaft of bone
ends of bone (e for end)
Osteology
study of osseous tissue
Functions of Osseous structures
-support... -protection... -movement... -mineral homeostasis... -hemopoie…
61 terms
Osseous Tissue
Osseous tissue
Osteocytes
Lacunae
Lamellae
A connective tissue that contains specialized cells and an ex…
Mature bone cells that maintain and monitor the protein and m…
Small chambers sandwiched between layers of calcified matrix…
The calcified matrix layers.
Osseous tissue
A connective tissue that contains specialized cells and an ex…
Osteocytes
Mature bone cells that maintain and monitor the protein and m…
10 terms
Osseous Tissue
calcium phosphate
marrow
red marrow
yellow marrow
hardens matrix of bone tissue
soft tissue that occupies the medullary cavity of a long bone…
mesh of reticular fibers and immature cells; creates blood ce…
fatty marrow in long bones of adults; inactive red marrow
calcium phosphate
hardens matrix of bone tissue
marrow
soft tissue that occupies the medullary cavity of a long bone…
73 terms
osseous tissue
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Epiphyseal plate
Metaphysis
long shaft of bone
ends of bone
growth plate
b/w epiphysis and diaphysis
Diaphysis
long shaft of bone
Epiphysis
ends of bone
33 terms
osseous tissue
diaphysis
increases
appositional growth
Osteoclasts
The extended tubular shaft of a long bone is called the
Parathyroid hormone ___________ blood calcium levels.
During bone formation, a developing bone will increase in dia…
absorb and remove bone matrix.
diaphysis
The extended tubular shaft of a long bone is called the
increases
Parathyroid hormone ___________ blood calcium levels.
52 terms
Osseous Tissue
Osteocytes
lacunae
lamellae
canaliculi
mature bone cells, maintain the protein and mineral content o…
osteocytes sits in depressions called this
matrix layer associated with osteocytes
small channels extending from the osteocytes to the bone capi…
Osteocytes
mature bone cells, maintain the protein and mineral content o…
lacunae
osteocytes sits in depressions called this
65 terms
Osseous Tissue
The type of Cartilage that composes ar…
carpal bones are an example of this ty…
if osteoclasts are more active than os…
this type of marrow is found in the sp…
hyaline
short
osteopenia
Red
The type of Cartilage that composes ar…
hyaline
carpal bones are an example of this ty…
short
30 terms
Osseous tissue
osteocyte
osteoblast
osteoclast
endosteum
mature bone cells
bone-forming cells
large cells that resorb or break down bone matrix
connective tissue membrane covering internal bone surfaces
osteocyte
mature bone cells
osteoblast
bone-forming cells
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