Study sets matching "and osseous tissue"

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Study sets matching "and osseous tissue"

11 terms
Osseous Tissue
Osteon
Concentric lamellae
Lacunae
Osteocytes
Unit of bone consisting of a central canal, concentric lamell…
Circular layers of hard bone matrix surrounding a central can…
Small spaces between concentric lamellae that osteocytes live…
Cells that maintain mature bone tissue; live in lacunae betwe…
Osteon
Unit of bone consisting of a central canal, concentric lamell…
Concentric lamellae
Circular layers of hard bone matrix surrounding a central can…
Osseous Tissue
Osseous Tissue
Cells in Osseous Tissue
Osteocytes
Osteoblasts
1. Cells... 2. Matrix
Osteocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts
Mature bone cells
Bone-forming cells (germ cells or "bud" cells)
Osseous Tissue
1. Cells... 2. Matrix
Cells in Osseous Tissue
Osteocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts
31 terms
Osseous Tissue
Proximal epiphysis.
Diaphysis.
Articular Cartilage.
Spongy bone.
Define A on the diagram.
Define B on the diagram.
Define C on the diagram.
Define D on the diagram.
Proximal epiphysis.
Define A on the diagram.
Diaphysis.
Define B on the diagram.
Osseous tissue
lacunae
canaliculi
Periosteum
Hydroxyapatite
chamber/pockets that cells lie in... organized around blood ves…
canals(spaces) that connect lacunae together... exchange nutrie…
covers outer surface of bones... outer fibrous and inner cellula…
Ca3(PO4)2 reacts with Ca(OH)2 ... incorporates other Ca salts an…
lacunae
chamber/pockets that cells lie in... organized around blood ves…
canaliculi
canals(spaces) that connect lacunae together... exchange nutrie…
95 terms
osseous tissue
proximal epiphysis
medullary cavity
support... protection... movement... mineral st…
mineral salts... 65% of bone by mass... main…
what are the functions of the skeletal system?
what are hydroxyapatites and what are they responsible for?
proximal epiphysis
medullary cavity
30 terms
Osseous Tissue
Skeletal System
Cartilage
Ligaments
Protection:... (Function of Skeletal Syst…
Consists of: Bones of the Skeleton, Cartilage, Ligaments
Articular Surface and Bone Model (embryonic forerunner of mos…
hold bones together at the joints :Dense regular CT (NB: Tend…
Delicate tissues and organs are surrounded by the skeleton
Skeletal System
Consists of: Bones of the Skeleton, Cartilage, Ligaments
Cartilage
Articular Surface and Bone Model (embryonic forerunner of mos…
23 terms
Osseous Tissue
long bone
short/round bone
flat
irregular
humerus
talus
sternum
vertebra
long bone
humerus
short/round bone
talus
10 terms
Osseous Tissue
spongy in appearance
contains hard but delicate slivers of…
covered by compact bone
fills heads of long bones
spongy bone
spongy bone
spongy bone
spongy bone
spongy in appearance
spongy bone
contains hard but delicate slivers of…
spongy bone
35 terms
Osseous Tissue
long bones
diaphysis
epiphyses
short bones
extended longitudinal axes
elongated shaft of long bone
knoblike ends of long bones
appear cube shaped
long bones
extended longitudinal axes
diaphysis
elongated shaft of long bone
45 terms
Osseous Tissue
What are the 6 functions of the skelet…
How many bones are in the human body (…
What are the 6 types of bone shapes?
Where are long bones found?
support, protection, leverage (force of motion), blood cell p…
206
Long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones, sutural…
arms, forearms, thighs, lets, hands, feet, fingers, toes
What are the 6 functions of the skelet…
support, protection, leverage (force of motion), blood cell p…
How many bones are in the human body (…
206
osseous tissue
functions of osseous tissue (5)
calcium phosphate or Ca salts
hematopoiesis (3 types)
bone shapes (5 types)
1. support... 2. storage (calcium & adipose)... 3. hematopoiesis (p…
-stored in matrix/ground substance of bone, makes matrix dens…
-erythropoiesis: produce RBC's... -lymphopoiesis: produce lympho…
-long bone (femur, humerus, etc.)... -short bone (phalanges, car…
functions of osseous tissue (5)
1. support... 2. storage (calcium & adipose)... 3. hematopoiesis (p…
calcium phosphate or Ca salts
-stored in matrix/ground substance of bone, makes matrix dens…
8 terms
Osseous Tissue
osteon
Haversian (central) canal
Lamella
Lacunae
rings around osteon
osteon
Haversian (central) canal
Osseous tissue
Canaliculi
capillaries
Central Canal
lamellae
Hairlike canals that connect lacunae to each other and the ce…
Microscopic vessel through which exchanges take place between…
Concentric rings made up of groups of hollow tubes of bone ma…
Canaliculi
Hairlike canals that connect lacunae to each other and the ce…
capillaries
Microscopic vessel through which exchanges take place between…
Osseous Tissue
Osteocytes
Osteoblasts
Osteoclasts
Matrix
mature bone cells
bone forming/building cells (germ cells or "bud cells")
bone destroying cells
made of primarily collagen fibers, flexible and tensile stren…
Osteocytes
mature bone cells
Osteoblasts
bone forming/building cells (germ cells or "bud cells")
Osseous Tissue
Osteon
Concentric lamellae
Lacunae
Osteocytes
Unit of bone consisting of a central canal, concentric lamell…
Circular layers of hard bone matrix surrounding a central can…
Small spaces between concentric lamellae that osteocytes live…
Cells that maintain mature bone tissue; live in lacunae betwe…
Osteon
Unit of bone consisting of a central canal, concentric lamell…
Concentric lamellae
Circular layers of hard bone matrix surrounding a central can…
62 terms
osseous tissue
blast
condyl
inter
glen
budding
knob
among
joint socket
blast
budding
condyl
knob
Osseous Tissue
The skeleton, cartilages, ligaments an…
Osseous Tissue
Support, storage of minerals, blood ce…
2/3 calcium phosphate, 1/3 collagen fi…
The skeletal system is made up of
Bone tissue is also known as
Five functions of the skeletal system
Components of the bone matrix
The skeleton, cartilages, ligaments an…
The skeletal system is made up of
Osseous Tissue
Bone tissue is also known as
Osseous Tissue
Functions of skeleton
Osteoprogenitor cells
Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
support, movement, protection, hematoposis (blood cell format…
mesenchymal (embryonic, undifferentiated) cells that divide a…
remodel and repair bone, produce proteins and organic compone…
mature osteoblasts that do not divide; convert to osteoblasts…
Functions of skeleton
support, movement, protection, hematoposis (blood cell format…
Osteoprogenitor cells
mesenchymal (embryonic, undifferentiated) cells that divide a…
Osseous Tissue
Hematopoiesis
support, storage, protection, leverage
Erythropoiesis
Lymphopoiesis
production of blood cells
functions of osseous tissue (4)
production of red blood cells (erythrocytes)
produce lymphocytes (type of white blood cell)
Hematopoiesis
production of blood cells
support, storage, protection, leverage
functions of osseous tissue (4)
31 terms
Osseous Tissue
Proximal epiphysis.
Diaphysis.
Articular Cartilage.
Spongy bone.
Define A on the diagram.
Define B on the diagram.
Define C on the diagram.
Define D on the diagram.
Proximal epiphysis.
Define A on the diagram.
Diaphysis.
Define B on the diagram.
27 terms
Osseous Tissue
Proximal epiphysis.
Diaphysis.
Articular Cartilage.
Spongy bone.
Define A on the diagram.
Define B on the diagram.
Define C on the diagram.
Define D on the diagram.
Proximal epiphysis.
Define A on the diagram.
Diaphysis.
Define B on the diagram.
11 terms
Osseous Tissue
Structure, Storage of minerals and lip…
Bone (Osteon)
Lacuna
Lamella
What are the major functions of bone?
Structure, Storage of minerals and lip…
What are the major functions of bone?
Bone (Osteon)
53 terms
Osseous Tissue
bones do work for us!
long bones
short bones
flat bones
work=force x distance
2 ends w/shaft... ex: humerus
carpals
sternum, bones of skull
bones do work for us!
work=force x distance
long bones
2 ends w/shaft... ex: humerus
83 terms
Osseous Tissue
Two major divisions of the human skele…
Tendons
Ligaments
Six functions of bone
Axial skeleton and appendicular skeleton
Connect muscle to bone
Connect bones to bones
Support, store minerals, store lipids, produce blood cells, p…
Two major divisions of the human skele…
Axial skeleton and appendicular skeleton
Tendons
Connect muscle to bone
39 terms
Osseous tissue
function of bones
function of bones: long bones
function of bones: ... short bones
function of bones: flat bones
support of soft tissue and skin, protection of internal organ…
leverage for large movements... -anything that two ends, a circu…
lever for limited motions: wrist and ankle... -squat, square sha…
protection: skull, sternum, ribs, scapulae
function of bones
support of soft tissue and skin, protection of internal organ…
function of bones: long bones
leverage for large movements... -anything that two ends, a circu…
94 terms
Osseous Tissue
What are the three parts of the skelet…
What is the main purpose of the cartil…
What is Osseous tissue?
What are the 6 functions of the skelet…
cartilage, ligaments, connective tissue
to stabilize the skeleton
it is bone tissue
support, storage for minerals, storage for lipids through yel…
What are the three parts of the skelet…
cartilage, ligaments, connective tissue
What is the main purpose of the cartil…
to stabilize the skeleton
Osseous Tissue
Endochondral ossification?
What is necessary for a long bone to g…
Calcitriol is required for?
Two types of fractures are what?
Hyaline cartilage model... Calcifying bone matrix... Bone collar fo…
Special cartilage plates called epihyseal plates
absorbing dietary calcium and phosphate
closed or simple- completely internal... open or compound- proje…
Endochondral ossification?
Hyaline cartilage model... Calcifying bone matrix... Bone collar fo…
What is necessary for a long bone to g…
Special cartilage plates called epihyseal plates
Osseous Tissue
long bone
diaphysis
epiphysis
metaphysis
long and slender, upper and lower appendges
long tubular shaft
expanded end of the bone
connects the diaphysis to the epiphysis
long bone
long and slender, upper and lower appendges
diaphysis
long tubular shaft
27 terms
Osseous Tissue
long bone
short bone
flat bone
irregular bone
longer than wide, for leverage and movement (femur, radius, u…
long as wide, provide stability in ankles and wrists. (tarsal…
thin with 2 distinct layers, provide protection and serve as…
shapes are specific to their function
long bone
longer than wide, for leverage and movement (femur, radius, u…
short bone
long as wide, provide stability in ankles and wrists. (tarsal…
Osseous tissue
Process
Ramus
Trochanter
Tuberosity
A projection or bump... -the cheek bone
An extension of a bone that forms an angle with the rest of t…
A large, rough projection... -top right know of the femur
A rough projection... -long side of humerus
Process
A projection or bump... -the cheek bone
Ramus
An extension of a bone that forms an angle with the rest of t…
6 terms
Osseous tissue
Osteoblasts define and give function.
Osteoid
Osteocytes define and give function
Osteoclast function
Immature bone cells... Secrete osteoid
New matrix
Mature bones cells... Maintain matrix
Break down old matrix to release calcium and phosphate.
Osteoblasts define and give function.
Immature bone cells... Secrete osteoid
Osteoid
New matrix
33 terms
osseous tissue
diaphysis
increases
appositional growth
Osteoclasts
The extended tubular shaft of a long bone is called the
Parathyroid hormone ___________ blood calcium levels.
During bone formation, a developing bone will increase in dia…
absorb and remove bone matrix.
diaphysis
The extended tubular shaft of a long bone is called the
increases
Parathyroid hormone ___________ blood calcium levels.
Osseous Tissue
The type of Cartilage that composes ar…
carpal bones are an example of this ty…
if osteoclasts are more active than os…
this type of marrow is found in the sp…
hyaline
short
osteopenia
Red
The type of Cartilage that composes ar…
hyaline
carpal bones are an example of this ty…
short
30 terms
Osseous tissue
osteocyte
osteoblast
osteoclast
endosteum
mature bone cells
bone-forming cells
large cells that resorb or break down bone matrix
connective tissue membrane covering internal bone surfaces
osteocyte
mature bone cells
osteoblast
bone-forming cells
58 terms
osseous tissue
role
role
role
role
maintain body shape, framework
support soft tissue
protect internal organs
acts as lever arms to permit movement
role
maintain body shape, framework
role
support soft tissue
28 terms
OSSEOUS TISSUE
FUNCTIONS OF BONES
BONE MARKINGS
LONG BONE
SHORT BONE
SUPPORT, PROTECTION, LEVERAGE, MINERAL STORAGE, STORAGE OF LI…
SURFACE FEATURES OF BONES, SITES OF ATTACHMENT FOR MUSCLES, T…
HAS A SHAFT AND 2 ENDS, MADE MOSTLY OF COMPACT BONE, BUT CONT…
CUBE LIKE AND CONTAINS MOSTLY SPONGY BONE
FUNCTIONS OF BONES
SUPPORT, PROTECTION, LEVERAGE, MINERAL STORAGE, STORAGE OF LI…
BONE MARKINGS
SURFACE FEATURES OF BONES, SITES OF ATTACHMENT FOR MUSCLES, T…
23 terms
Osseous Tissue
osteocyte
osteoblast
osteoclast
hematopoiesis
mature bone cells within bone matrix
bone building, bone repairing cells in periosteum
causes reabsorption
blood cell formation
osteocyte
mature bone cells within bone matrix
osteoblast
bone building, bone repairing cells in periosteum
23 terms
Osseous Tissue
what are the parts of the skeletal sys…
what is the function of the skeletal s…
name the two types of bone markings
what are the classifications of bone
bones, joints, cartilage, ligaments
support protection leverage mineral storage storage of lipids…
projection and processes- grow out from the bone surface... depr…
long-has a shaft and two ends, made of mostly compact bone... sh…
what are the parts of the skeletal sys…
bones, joints, cartilage, ligaments
what is the function of the skeletal s…
support protection leverage mineral storage storage of lipids…
Osseous tissue
Irregular, suture, sesamoid bones
Heterogenous vs. homogenous
Diaphysis
Metaphysis
Vertebrae, flat bones of skull, inside bones near joints
Many openings vs. dense
Compact bone; shaft
Where diaphysis and epiphysis meet
Irregular, suture, sesamoid bones
Vertebrae, flat bones of skull, inside bones near joints
Heterogenous vs. homogenous
Many openings vs. dense
Osseous Tissue
Functions
hematopoiesis
erythropoiesis
lymphopoiesis
support, mineral and adipose storage, hematopoiesis, protecti…
production of blood cells
makes erythropocytes RBC
makes lumphocytes WBC
Functions
support, mineral and adipose storage, hematopoiesis, protecti…
hematopoiesis
production of blood cells
Osseous Tissue
Function of bones
Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Mineral storage (calcium and phosphate), storage of lipids (y…
Has a shaft and two ends, made mostly of compact bone but may…
Cube-like and contains mostly spongy bone; compact bone provi…
Thin, flattened, thin layers of compact bone around a layer o…
Function of bones
Mineral storage (calcium and phosphate), storage of lipids (y…
Long bones
Has a shaft and two ends, made mostly of compact bone but may…
37 terms
Osseous tissue
Canaliculi
Capillaries
Central canal
Lamellae
Extends the cytoplasm of osteocytes to central cavity
...
Contains blood vessels, lacunae is organized around it
Calcified bone matrix
Canaliculi
Extends the cytoplasm of osteocytes to central cavity
Capillaries
...
Osseous Tissue
calcium phosphate
marrow
red marrow
yellow marrow
hardens matrix of bone tissue
soft tissue that occupies the medullary cavity of a long bone…
mesh of reticular fibers and immature cells; creates blood ce…
fatty marrow in long bones of adults; inactive red marrow
calcium phosphate
hardens matrix of bone tissue
marrow
soft tissue that occupies the medullary cavity of a long bone…
Osseous Tissue
Functions of Skeletal System
6 Bone Shapes
Lacunae
Diaphysis
Support, Protection, Leverage, BC Production, Storage of Lipi…
Long, Short, Flat, Sutural, Irregular, Sesamoid
Osteocyte
Shaft, compact bone
Functions of Skeletal System
Support, Protection, Leverage, BC Production, Storage of Lipi…
6 Bone Shapes
Long, Short, Flat, Sutural, Irregular, Sesamoid
7 terms
Osseous Tissue
Stages of Endochondral Ossification
Zones of Epiphyseal Plate
Functions of Connective Tissue
Collagen fibers
- Hyaline cartilage template develops in the fetus... - Calcific…
1. Zone of resting cartilage... 2. Zone of proliferating cartila…
- Physical protection... - Support and structural framework... - Bi…
Strong and stretch-resistant
Stages of Endochondral Ossification
- Hyaline cartilage template develops in the fetus... - Calcific…
Zones of Epiphyseal Plate
1. Zone of resting cartilage... 2. Zone of proliferating cartila…
Osseous Tissue
Osteocytes
lacunae
lamellae
canaliculi
mature bone cells, maintain the protein and mineral content o…
osteocytes sits in depressions called this
matrix layer associated with osteocytes
small channels extending from the osteocytes to the bone capi…
Osteocytes
mature bone cells, maintain the protein and mineral content o…
lacunae
osteocytes sits in depressions called this
Osseous Tissue
Functions of Skeletal tissue
Hemopoieses
Erythropoiesis
Leukopoiesis
Support... Protection... Movement... Storage... Blood Cell formation... Hemo…
Blood cell production
Red blood cell production
White blood cell production
Functions of Skeletal tissue
Support... Protection... Movement... Storage... Blood Cell formation... Hemo…
Hemopoieses
Blood cell production
Osseous Tissue
-blast
condyl-
inter-
glen-
bud
knob
among, between
joint socket
-blast
bud
condyl-
knob
25 terms
Osseous Tissue
Long shaft of bone
Ends of bone
Growth plate
Between epiphysis and diaphysis
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Epiphyseal Plate
Metaphysis
Long shaft of bone
Diaphysis
Ends of bone
Epiphysis
27 terms
Osseous Tissue
Canaliculi
Capillaries
lamellae
trabeculae
cytoplasm of osteocyte that extends to the central canal
fine branching of blood vessels
calcified matrix in bone
groups of partitions formed by bands of connective tissue
Canaliculi
cytoplasm of osteocyte that extends to the central canal
Capillaries
fine branching of blood vessels
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