Study sets matching "and respiration aerobic cellular"

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Study sets matching "and respiration aerobic cellular"

19 terms
Cellular Respiration: Aerobic Respiration
What undergoes cellular respiration?
Purpose of cellular resp
Cellular Respiration Equation
Mitochondria Structure
Heterotrophs AND autotrophs
to convert chemical energy stored in glucose to chemical ener…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy (36-38 ATP)
matrix: krebs occurs... inner membrane: ETC
What undergoes cellular respiration?
Heterotrophs AND autotrophs
Purpose of cellular resp
to convert chemical energy stored in glucose to chemical ener…
15 terms
Cellular Respiration (Aerobic Respiration)
Investment of Glycolysis?
Payoff of Glycolysis?
Net of Glycolysis?
Outcome of Pyruvate Oxidation?
=2ATP + 4ADP + 4Pi + 2NAD + glucose(6c)
=4ATP + 2NADH + 2 Pyruvates(3c)
=2ATP + 2NADH + 2Pyruvates(3c)
=1 CO2 + 1NADH + Acetyl CoA(2c)
Investment of Glycolysis?
=2ATP + 4ADP + 4Pi + 2NAD + glucose(6c)
Payoff of Glycolysis?
=4ATP + 2NADH + 2 Pyruvates(3c)
Cellular Respiration/aerobic respiration
Cellular respiration
Aerobic respiration and anaerobic resp…
aerobic
anaerobic
cells convert the chemical energy of glucose into the chemica…
2 types of cellular respiration
with oxygen
without oxygen
Cellular respiration
cells convert the chemical energy of glucose into the chemica…
Aerobic respiration and anaerobic resp…
2 types of cellular respiration
16 terms
Aerobic Cellular Respiration 2016
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Where the Krebs Cycle occurs
2ATP
where glycolysis occurs
where the electron transport chain takes place
mitochondria
Needed to start glycolysis
cytoplasm
where glycolysis occurs
mitochondria
where the electron transport chain takes place
14 terms
Cellular Respiration- Aerobic Respiration
Glycolysis (Place)
Krebs Cycle AKA Citric Acid Cycle (Pla…
Electron Transport Chain AKA Chemiosmo…
Glycolysis (Oxygen Used???)
Cytoplasm
Matrix
Cristae
No
Glycolysis (Place)
Cytoplasm
Krebs Cycle AKA Citric Acid Cycle (Pla…
Matrix
Aerobic Respiration - Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
The Krebs Cycle
Outcome of One Krebs Cycle
NADH and FADH2
the process of cellular respiration which occurs when oxygen…
the first process of Aerobic Respiration; also called Citric…
1 ATP + 1 FADH2 + 3 NADH + CO2
coenzymes that shuttle protons and electrons from glycolysis…
Aerobic Respiration
the process of cellular respiration which occurs when oxygen…
The Krebs Cycle
the first process of Aerobic Respiration; also called Citric…
33 terms
cellular respiration (aerobic respiration)
one molecule of glucose yields ___atp
atom reduced means what
atom being oxidized means what
add H=
38
add electrons
take away electrons
reduced
one molecule of glucose yields ___atp
38
atom reduced means what
add electrons
Aerobic Cellular Respiration Review
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Products
Where it takes place
Amount of ATP produced
uses oxygen
carbon dioxide, water, & ATP
Mitochondria
36-38 ATP
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
uses oxygen
Products
carbon dioxide, water, & ATP
15 terms
Cellular Respiration/Aerobic Respiration
What is aerobic respiration/cellular r…
What is the chemical formula for aerob…
What are the reactants of cellular res…
What are products of aerobic respirati…
the conversion of glucose into ATP energy with oxygen present
6O2 + C6H12O6 -> 6CO2 + 6H20 + 36 ATP Energy
6 oxygen molecules and 1 glucose molecule
6 carbon dioxide molecules, 6 water molecules, and 36 ATP
What is aerobic respiration/cellular r…
the conversion of glucose into ATP energy with oxygen present
What is the chemical formula for aerob…
6O2 + C6H12O6 -> 6CO2 + 6H20 + 36 ATP Energy
26 terms
cellular respiration/specifically aerobic
cellular respiration
glycolysis
krebs cycle
electron transport chain
what process does this chemical equation represent?
first stage of cellular respiration:
second stage of cellular respiration:
third stage of cellular respiration:
cellular respiration
what process does this chemical equation represent?
glycolysis
first stage of cellular respiration:
Aerobic Cellular Respiration Review
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Products
Where it takes place
Amount of ATP produced
uses oxygen
carbon dioxide, water, & ATP
Mitochondria
36-38 ATP
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
uses oxygen
Products
carbon dioxide, water, & ATP
Aerobic and Anaerobic Cellular Respiration
Do plants and animals use cellular res…
Write out the equation for cellular re…
4 pathways of Cellular Respiration ... Wh…
What are 3 energy carrying molecules p…
yes
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
1. Glycolysis - Cytoplasm - 2... 2. Preparation Reaction - Mitoc…
NADH, FADH2, and ATP
Do plants and animals use cellular res…
yes
Write out the equation for cellular re…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
17 terms
Cellular Respiration (AEROBIC)
preamble (mission statement)... Glucose…
preamble in aerobic respiration
oxidation
reduction
1). Aerobic respiration... 2). Anaerobic respiration... 3). Ferme…
1). Oxidation... 2).Reduction... 3). Intermediate carriers... 4). P…
Removal of electrons.... e.g. Using dehydrogenase in lactate to…
Acceptance of electrons.
preamble (mission statement)... Glucose…
1). Aerobic respiration... 2). Anaerobic respiration... 3). Ferme…
preamble in aerobic respiration
1). Oxidation... 2).Reduction... 3). Intermediate carriers... 4). P…
Aerobic (Cellular) Respiration
3 Stages of Aerobic Respiration
Glycolysis Location
Glycolysis Purpose
Glycolysis Overall Net Reaction
1) Glycolysis... 2) Kreb's Cycle (aka Citric Acid Cycle)... 3) Oxid…
In the cytoplasm of ALL cells
Molecules of glucose are broken down into smaller molecules c…
Glucose + 2ADP + 2NAD+ > 2Pyruvate + 2ATP + 2NADH
3 Stages of Aerobic Respiration
1) Glycolysis... 2) Kreb's Cycle (aka Citric Acid Cycle)... 3) Oxid…
Glycolysis Location
In the cytoplasm of ALL cells
8 terms
Cellular (Aerobic) Respiration
respiration
cellular respiration
mitochondria
ATP
Inhalation and exhalation of air.
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
A provider of energy for a cell. It breaks down glucose for e…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
respiration
Inhalation and exhalation of air.
cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Aerobic Cellular respiration
goal
Why do we need ATP
Who does cellular respiration?
Where does it occur?
to convert energetic fuel molecules (glucose, lipids, carbs)…
to provide the cell the right amount of energy needed to get…
all living things
mitochondria
goal
to convert energetic fuel molecules (glucose, lipids, carbs)…
Why do we need ATP
to provide the cell the right amount of energy needed to get…
27 terms
Cellular Respiration: Aerobic
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
equation of Cellular Respiration
What refers to the breakdown of sugar?
convert sunlight into chemical energy
live on the energy produced by autotrophs
cellular respiration
Autotrophs
convert sunlight into chemical energy
Heterotrophs
live on the energy produced by autotrophs
56 terms
aerobic cellular respiration
formula
what are the most energy-yielding foods?
how does ACR harvest energy?
oxidation
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 = 6 CO2 + H2O +ATP
carbs and fats
from the oxidation of organic molecules
loss of electrons
formula
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 = 6 CO2 + H2O +ATP
what are the most energy-yielding foods?
carbs and fats
11 terms
Stages of Aerobic Cellular Respiration
What are the 4 stages of aerobic cellu…
What is the starting molecule of glyco…
What is the starting molecule of acety…
What is the starting molecule of citri…
1. Glycolysis ... 2. Acetyl-CoA Formation... 3. Citric acid cycle... 4…
Glucose
Pyruvic acid and coenzyme A
Acetyl CoA
What are the 4 stages of aerobic cellu…
1. Glycolysis ... 2. Acetyl-CoA Formation... 3. Citric acid cycle... 4…
What is the starting molecule of glyco…
Glucose
Aerobic (Cellular) Respiration in Eukaryotes
aerobic respiration in eukaryotes
3 Stages of Cellular Respiration
Net equation of cellular respiration
glycolysis
-comprised of a series of redox reactions in which most elect…
1. glycolysis... 2. Citric Acid cycle aka Kreb's Cycle... 3. oxidat…
C6H12O6 + 6O2--> 6CO2 + 6H2O+ energy +heat (exergonic)
- first step of cellular respiration
aerobic respiration in eukaryotes
-comprised of a series of redox reactions in which most elect…
3 Stages of Cellular Respiration
1. glycolysis... 2. Citric Acid cycle aka Kreb's Cycle... 3. oxidat…
Aerobic Cellular Respiration (2)
What are the steps of Aerobic Cellular…
Where do all three steps of Aerobic Ce…
Where in the mitochondria does Pyruvat…
Where in the mitochondria does the Kre…
1) Pyruvate Processing... 2) Krebs Cycle (Citric Acid Cycle)... 3)…
Mitochondria
Matrix
Matrix
What are the steps of Aerobic Cellular…
1) Pyruvate Processing... 2) Krebs Cycle (Citric Acid Cycle)... 3)…
Where do all three steps of Aerobic Ce…
Mitochondria
35 terms
Aerobic Cellular Respiration & Fermentation
Calorie
No-cells gradually release energy from…
Glycolysis
The Kreb Cycle-(also called The Citric…
What term is described as the amount of energy needed to rais…
Do cells burn glucose molecules? Explain.
Name the first stage of cellular respiration. In this stage,…
What stage of cellular respiration begins after glycolysis?
Calorie
What term is described as the amount of energy needed to rais…
No-cells gradually release energy from…
Do cells burn glucose molecules? Explain.
Cellular Respiration - Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration
purpose of cellular respiration
equation of cellular respiration
the site of the majority of aerobic re…
cell respiration with oxygen
to covert glucose to ATP (energy)
C6H12O2+6O2 --> 6H20+6CO2+ATP
the mitochondrion
aerobic respiration
purpose of cellular respiration
to covert glucose to ATP (energy)
equation of cellular respiration
C6H12O2+6O2 --> 6H20+6CO2+ATP
32 terms
Cellular Aerobic Respiration and Fermentation
CAR vs. Photosynthesis
structure of ATP
4 major steps
glycolysis
CAR: both animals and plants within the mitochondria... Photosy…
per GLU molecule, CAR generates 30 Euk and 32 Pro... the free p…
Glycolysis... formation of Acetyl CoA... Citric Acid Cycle / Krebs…
splitting of glucose (anaerobic phase in aerobic CAR process)…
CAR vs. Photosynthesis
CAR: both animals and plants within the mitochondria... Photosy…
structure of ATP
per GLU molecule, CAR generates 30 Euk and 32 Pro... the free p…
17 terms
Cellular Respiration (Anaerobic and Aerobic)
Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration Equation
Types Of Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
602+C6 H12 O6+6H2O=ATP
Aerobic Respiration and Anaerobic
Uses oxygen;occurs in the MITOCHONDRIA
Cellular Respiration
Process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
Cellular Respiration Equation
602+C6 H12 O6+6H2O=ATP
5 terms
Aerobic and Anaerobic Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
General Process that breaks down glucose to produce ATP
The first step of Cellular Respiration that takes place in th…
The general type of cellular respiration that occurs in the m…
The general type of cellular respiration that takes place in…
Cellular Respiration
General Process that breaks down glucose to produce ATP
Glycolysis
The first step of Cellular Respiration that takes place in th…
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Glucose
Aerobic cellular respiration
Chemical Summary
Photosynthesis
A simple sugar that is an important energy source in living o…
Aerobic cellular respiration is the process in which our cell…
oxygen+glucose -> Carbon Dioxide+water+usable energy
The process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
Glucose
A simple sugar that is an important energy source in living o…
Aerobic cellular respiration
Aerobic cellular respiration is the process in which our cell…
Aerobic Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
respiration, fermentation
anaerobic
reduction
can be aerobic or anaerobic
_____________ requires an electron transport chain, _________…
fermentation is
gain an electron
cellular respiration
can be aerobic or anaerobic
respiration, fermentation
_____________ requires an electron transport chain, _________…
14 terms
Aerobic and Anaerobic Cellular Respiration
Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Mitochondria
Aerobic
The action of breathing
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in fo…
Process that requires oxygen
Respiration
The action of breathing
Cellular Respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
5 terms
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Glucose
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Fats
Proteins
A sugar that cells use for energy that has the structure $C_6…
A process in cells that turns oxygen and glucose into carbon…
Used for energy.
Provide raw material for making muscle tissue.
Glucose
A sugar that cells use for energy that has the structure $C_6…
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
A process in cells that turns oxygen and glucose into carbon…
Anaerobic and Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
Bridge Reaction
Kreb's cycle
ETC
Reactants: glucose, 2 ATP... Products: 2 pyruvic acids, 4 ATP, 2…
Reactants: 2 pyruvic acids, 2 CoA... Products: 2 NADH, 2 acetyl…
Reactants: 2 acetyl CoA... Products: 6 NADH, 2 FADH, 2 ATP, 4 CO2
Reactants: 10 NADH, 2 FADH, 6 O2... Products: 34 ATP, 6 H2O
Glycolysis
Reactants: glucose, 2 ATP... Products: 2 pyruvic acids, 4 ATP, 2…
Bridge Reaction
Reactants: 2 pyruvic acids, 2 CoA... Products: 2 NADH, 2 acetyl…
5 terms
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
1. Glycolysis
2. Part 1 of Krebs Cycle
3. Part 2 of Krebs Cycle
4. Electron Transport Chain
Occurs outside of Mitochondria... 1. Glucose is transformed into…
1. 2 Pyruvate are transformed into 2 Acetyl CoA... 2. 2Co2 (prod…
1. 2 Acetyl CoA enter the Krebs Cycle and are transformed int…
1. The electrons move down the electron transport chain... 2. Th…
1. Glycolysis
Occurs outside of Mitochondria... 1. Glucose is transformed into…
2. Part 1 of Krebs Cycle
1. 2 Pyruvate are transformed into 2 Acetyl CoA... 2. 2Co2 (prod…
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
1 glucose
6 Oxygen
---> 6 carbon dioxide
6 water
C6H12O6
O2
6CO2
6h2o
1 glucose
C6H12O6
6 Oxygen
O2
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
Formation of Acetyl coenzyme A
Krebs Cycle
electron transport system
C₆H₁₂O₆ → 2C₃H₄O₃ + 4H + 2ATPS
2C₃H₄O₃ + 2COENZYME A → 2C₂H₃⁻COA + 2H + 2C0₂
2C₂H₃O⁻CoA ⁺ 3O₂ → ₆H ⁺ 4CO₂ ⁺ 2coenzyme A ⁺ 2ATPS
12H ⁺ 30₂ → 6H₂O ⁺ 32ATPs
Glycolysis
C₆H₁₂O₆ → 2C₃H₄O₃ + 4H + 2ATPS
Formation of Acetyl coenzyme A
2C₃H₄O₃ + 2COENZYME A → 2C₂H₃⁻COA + 2H + 2C0₂
14 terms
Aerobic Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
respiration, fermentation
anaerobic
reduction
can be aerobic or anaerobic
_____________ requires an electron transport chain, _________…
fermentation is
gain an electron
cellular respiration
can be aerobic or anaerobic
respiration, fermentation
_____________ requires an electron transport chain, _________…
15 terms
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Adenosine Triphosphate
Anaerobic Cell Resp.
Anaerobic pathways
Glycolysis
a nucleotide used by all living organisms to transfer energy…
without 02, uses energy within the chemical bonds of foodstuf…
CP Creatine Phosphate ATP Pathway, generation of ATP from com…
uses carbohydrates to generate precursors for TCA and ETC. co…
Adenosine Triphosphate
a nucleotide used by all living organisms to transfer energy…
Anaerobic Cell Resp.
without 02, uses energy within the chemical bonds of foodstuf…
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
fermentation
what fermentation does
types of fermentation
alcoholic fermentation
alternative to cell respiration that occurs when O2 is not av…
A. Produces 2 ATP... B. Anaerobic - No oxygen is used... C. Reducti…
A. alcoholic... B. lactic acid
Yeast cells and some bacteria to produce CO2 and ethyl alcoho…
fermentation
alternative to cell respiration that occurs when O2 is not av…
what fermentation does
A. Produces 2 ATP... B. Anaerobic - No oxygen is used... C. Reducti…
10 terms
Aerobic cellular respiration
Heterotrophic
Aerobic cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Mitochondria
Cannot make their own food, get nutrients from other organisms
Series of chemical reactions that require oxygen
Takes place in the cytosol and does not require oxygen
Does require oxygen
Heterotrophic
Cannot make their own food, get nutrients from other organisms
Aerobic cellular respiration
Series of chemical reactions that require oxygen
17 terms
Aerobic cellular respiration
Name the four stages of cellular respi…
Location of glycolysis
Starting molecule of glycolysis
Product of glycolysis
Glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation, citric acid cycle, oxidative…
Cytoplasm
Glucose
2 pyruvate
Name the four stages of cellular respi…
Glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation, citric acid cycle, oxidative…
Location of glycolysis
Cytoplasm
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Fermentation
Fermentation produces...
Fermentation is...
Anaerobic
Alternative to cell respiration that occurs when O2 is not av…
2 ATP molecules per glucose
Anaerobic
No oxygen is used
Fermentation
Alternative to cell respiration that occurs when O2 is not av…
Fermentation produces...
2 ATP molecules per glucose
5 terms
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidized... CO2... ACoA... Krebs ... NADH... ETC
the first stage of respiration that does not require oxygen
During glycolysis, glucose is broken down into 2 molecules of…
a process that produces a small amount of ATP and some electr…
In the transition step, the 2 pyruvate molecules are ____ to…
glycolysis
the first stage of respiration that does not require oxygen
pyruvic acid
During glycolysis, glucose is broken down into 2 molecules of…
15 terms
Aerobic Cellular Respiration / Fermentation
Requires oxygen
Does NOT require oxygen
Creates 36-38 ATP
Creates 2 ATP
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Fermentation
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Fermentation
Requires oxygen
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Does NOT require oxygen
Fermentation
6 terms
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Inputs: ... 1 glucose (6c)
Inputs:... 2 pyruvate (3c)
Inputs:... 2 Acetyl CoA (2c) + oxaloaceta…
Inputs:... NADH, FADH2, O2
Outputs:... 2 pyruvate (3c) , 2 NADH, 2 ATP
Outputs:... 2 Acetyl CoA (2c), 0 ATP, 2 CO2, 2 NADH
Outputs:... Citric Acid (6c), 4 CO2, 6 NADH, 2 ATP, 2 FADH2
Outputs:... 32 ATP, H2O (36 net ATP)
Inputs: ... 1 glucose (6c)
Outputs:... 2 pyruvate (3c) , 2 NADH, 2 ATP
Inputs:... 2 pyruvate (3c)
Outputs:... 2 Acetyl CoA (2c), 0 ATP, 2 CO2, 2 NADH
15 terms
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle
Fermentation
Lactic Acid
The anaerobic break down of glucose into pyruvic acid
A series of biochemical reactions that convert pyruvic acid i…
The break down of carbohydrates by enzymes, bacteria, yeasts…
An organic compound
Glycolysis
The anaerobic break down of glucose into pyruvic acid
Kreb's Cycle
A series of biochemical reactions that convert pyruvic acid i…
19 terms
Cellular (Aerobic) Respiration & Fermentation
Exergonic reaction
Endergonic reaction
Linking catabolism to anabolism…
Redox reaction
releases energy... •cell respiration... •catabolism
Requires energy... •active transport... •cell movements - include c…
•building ATP from ADP (or AMP) requires energy ... Four transf…
All redox are Exergonic. Combination of two things or two pro…
Exergonic reaction
releases energy... •cell respiration... •catabolism
Endergonic reaction
Requires energy... •active transport... •cell movements - include c…
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
If oxygen is ___________, aerobic resp…
_____________ and the ____________ pas…
The ____________ enters the mitochondr…
Chemical formula for aerobic cellular…
Present
NADH, pyruvic acids
Pyruvic acid
Pyruvic acid+NAD⁺+CoA→Acetyl CoA+NADH+CO₂
If oxygen is ___________, aerobic resp…
Present
_____________ and the ____________ pas…
NADH, pyruvic acids
Aerobic/Anaerobic Cellular Respiration
4 steps of aerobic cellular respiration
location of gylcolysis
location of intermediate reactions
location of krebs cycle
1- glycolysis... 2- intermediate reactions... 3- krebs cycle... 4-elec…
cytoplasm
mitochondrial matrix
mitochondrial matrix
4 steps of aerobic cellular respiration
1- glycolysis... 2- intermediate reactions... 3- krebs cycle... 4-elec…
location of gylcolysis
cytoplasm
11 terms
Aerobic Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
Glucose
Mitochondria
Oxygen
Glycolosis
C6 H12 O6
which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy pro…
02
Breaking down glucose into pyvuric molecules
Glucose
C6 H12 O6
Mitochondria
which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy pro…
38 terms
aerobic cellular respiration
energy
adenosine triphosphate/ATP
work
ultimately, be traced back to the ener…
All cellular "work" requires a source of
In most cells, a vast majority of the energy to do this work…
Much of what goes on inside of a cell is
All of the energy in ATP can,
energy
All cellular "work" requires a source of
adenosine triphosphate/ATP
In most cells, a vast majority of the energy to do this work…
55 terms
GOOD Aerobic Cellular Respiration
Aerobic cellular respiration, the proc…
Catabolism/anabolism?
Exer/endo gonic
The Phases
-complete oxidation of an organic energy source to CO2 and wa…
Catabolism
exergonic
-glycolysis... -formation of acetyl-CoA... -Citric acid cycle... -Elec…
Aerobic cellular respiration, the proc…
-complete oxidation of an organic energy source to CO2 and wa…
Catabolism/anabolism?
Catabolism
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