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Study sets matching "and salts"

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Study sets matching "and salts"

18 terms
Salts
Sodium salts
Nitrates
Chlorides
Potassium salts
soluble
soluble
soluble, except Lead and Silver
soluble
Sodium salts
soluble
Nitrates
soluble
10 terms
Salts
Acid + metal --> ______ + _______
Acid + metal hydroxide --> ______ + __…
Acid + metal oxide --> ______ + _______
Acid + metal carbonate --> ______ + __…
salt + hydrogen
salt + water
salt + water
salt + water + CO2
Acid + metal --> ______ + _______
salt + hydrogen
Acid + metal hydroxide --> ______ + __…
salt + water
46 terms
Salts
Q: Salts are chemical compounds that a…
Q: An example of combining an acid and…
HCl + NaOH → NaCl + H2O
Q: Another chemical reaction is combin…
A: Salts are chemical compounds that are usually formed from…
A: They react to form common table salt (NaCl) and water:
...
A: Cl2 + 2Na → 2NaCl
Q: Salts are chemical compounds that a…
A: Salts are chemical compounds that are usually formed from…
Q: An example of combining an acid and…
A: They react to form common table salt (NaCl) and water:
8 terms
Salts
When are salts formed?
Where are salts found?
How do you recognize a salt?
When does neutralization occur?
When acids and bases react or when oxides or carbonates react…
batteries, explosives, fertilizers multivitamins and in many…
The formula has neither hydrogen or hydroxide.
When an acid and a base react to produce a salt and water
When are salts formed?
When acids and bases react or when oxides or carbonates react…
Where are salts found?
batteries, explosives, fertilizers multivitamins and in many…
18 terms
Salts
All nitrates are soluble
All chlorides are soluble
All sulfates are soluble
All common salts of
No exceptions
Except lead, silver and mercury
Except calcium, barium and lead
Sodium, potassium and ammonium
All nitrates are soluble
No exceptions
All chlorides are soluble
Except lead, silver and mercury
10 terms
Salts
Nitrates
Sodium
Potassium
Ammonium
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Nitrates
Soluble
Sodium
Soluble
23 terms
Salts
All ____ are soluble
All ____ compounds are soluble
All CHLORIDE are soluble except ____ a…
All SULFATE are soluble except ____,__…
All NITRATES are soluble
All GROUP I compounds are soluble
All CHLORIDE are soluble except AgCl, PbCl₂
All SULFATE are soluble except BaSO₄, CaSO₄, PbSO₄
All ____ are soluble
All NITRATES are soluble
All ____ compounds are soluble
All GROUP I compounds are soluble
15 terms
Salts
Bases
Alkalis
Acids
Hydrogen ions
Metal oxides or hydroxides
Bases dissolved in water
React with metals above hydrogen in the reactivity series
Make solutions acidic
Bases
Metal oxides or hydroxides
Alkalis
Bases dissolved in water
14 terms
Salts
NaNO₃
Ca⁺²CO₃⁻²
NaPO₄⁻³
Li₂CO₃
Sodium Nitrate
Calcium Carbonate
Sodium Phospate
Lithium Carbonate
NaNO₃
Sodium Nitrate
Ca⁺²CO₃⁻²
Calcium Carbonate
Salts
Table salt symbol
Salts are
3 ways salts are produced
What does acid-base neutralization pro…
NaCl
Ionic compounds formed when acid and base react
Acid + base neutralization... Metal + acid ... Carbonate + acid
Water and salt
Table salt symbol
NaCl
Salts are
Ionic compounds formed when acid and base react
12 terms
Salts
___ are involved in nerve transmission…
Salts are involved in _____ transmissi…
Salts are involved in nerve transmissi…
Na plus and K plus
salts
nerve
contractions
salt
___ are involved in nerve transmission…
salts
Salts are involved in _____ transmissi…
nerve
16 terms
Salte
Hældes syre i Klorin dannes
Na + H₂O
NaHCO₃(s)+ HCl(aq) giver
Kaliumnitrat
Cl₂
jo mindre et atom er- jo mere reaktions-villigt er det.
NaCl(aq) + H₂O(l) +CO₂(g)
KNO₃
Hældes syre i Klorin dannes
Cl₂
Na + H₂O
jo mindre et atom er- jo mere reaktions-villigt er det.
19 terms
Salts
What are Alkalis?
What are Bases?
What do Acids form when you add them t…
Why are Alkalis generally used in expe…
Soluble Hydroxides (their solutions are Alkaline)
Substances that neutralise acids
H+ Ions
Alkalis are bases that dissolve in water
What are Alkalis?
Soluble Hydroxides (their solutions are Alkaline)
What are Bases?
Substances that neutralise acids
16 terms
Salts
What is a salt
What is a cation
What is an anion
Why is sulfuric acid an example of a d…
A chemical compound formed from an acid when a H+ ion from th…
A positive ion
A negative ion
It has two replaceable H+ ions
What is a salt
A chemical compound formed from an acid when a H+ ion from th…
What is a cation
A positive ion
24 terms
Salts
What is an acid and what does it form…
What is a base and what does it form i…
What ions make a solution acidic?
What ions make a solution alkaline?
A substance with a PH of less than seven. Acids form H+ ions…
A substance with a PH of more than seven. Alkalis form OH- io…
H+
OH-
What is an acid and what does it form…
A substance with a PH of less than seven. Acids form H+ ions…
What is a base and what does it form i…
A substance with a PH of more than seven. Alkalis form OH- io…
Salts
Magnesium Sulfate (MGSO4)
Barium Sulfate (BASO4)
Silver Bromide (AgBr)
Salt
-epsom salts.... -can be used to soothe muscles.
used to help view intestinal x-rays.
used in the production of photographic film.
is a compound formed by chemical reaction between an acid and…
Magnesium Sulfate (MGSO4)
-epsom salts.... -can be used to soothe muscles.
Barium Sulfate (BASO4)
used to help view intestinal x-rays.
23 terms
Salts
Sodium
Potassium
Ammonium
Nitrates
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Sodium
Soluble
Potassium
Soluble
10 terms
Salts
Sodium salt are
Potassium salt are
Ammonium salts are
Nitrates are
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Sodium salt are
Soluble
Potassium salt are
Soluble
8 terms
SALTS
Reactants and Products
SPA
Nitrates
Chlorides
acid + metal = salt + hydrogen gas... acid + carbonate = salt +…
Sodium... Potassium... Ammonium... SOLUBLE SALTS
All nitrates are soluble
All chlorides are soluble except for LEAD(II) and SILVER
Reactants and Products
acid + metal = salt + hydrogen gas... acid + carbonate = salt +…
SPA
Sodium... Potassium... Ammonium... SOLUBLE SALTS
10 terms
Salts
Nitrates
Na
K
NH4
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Nitrates
Soluble
Na
Soluble
9 terms
Salts
Hydrated
Anhydrous
Soluble salts
Insoluble salts
Has H20 of crystallization
No H20 of crystallization
Aq form
Solid form
Hydrated
Has H20 of crystallization
Anhydrous
No H20 of crystallization
22 terms
Salts
Sodium salts
Potassium salts
Ammonium salts
Nitrates
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Sodium salts
Soluble
Potassium salts
Soluble
29 terms
Salts
metal + acid
metal oxide + acid
metal hydroxide + acid
metal carbonate + acid
salt + hydrogen
salt + water
salt + water
salt + water + carbon dioxide
metal + acid
salt + hydrogen
metal oxide + acid
salt + water
Salts
Cations
Anions
Ionic bonding
Precipitation
Positively charged ions
Negatively charged ions
An electrostatic attraction experienced between the electric…
This is the formation of a solid from a reaction of two liqui…
Cations
Positively charged ions
Anions
Negatively charged ions
30 terms
Salts
Group 1A
NH4 1+
NO3 1-
C2H3O2 1-
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Group 1A
Soluble
NH4 1+
Soluble
17 terms
Salts
To struggle agaist
A culprit
Solinity
Acdity
Walczyć przeciw czemuś
Winowajca
Zasolenie
Zakwaszenie
To struggle agaist
Walczyć przeciw czemuś
A culprit
Winowajca
31 terms
Salts
NaCl
Sodium chloride
Sodium chloride soln
NaHCO3
Sodium chloride
Common table salt
Brine
Sodium bicarbonate
NaCl
Sodium chloride
Sodium chloride
Common table salt
26 terms
SALTS
apple green
lilac
Dilute nitric acid +silver nitrate= Wh…
crimson
Barium
Potassium
Chloride
Lithium
apple green
Barium
lilac
Potassium
Salts
mineral
neutralize
property
decrease, neutralize each other, and c…
any element or compound which occurs in the rocks of the earth
to make of no effect by some opposite force
a quality belonging to something
When an acid and a base are mixed, the excess ions:
mineral
any element or compound which occurs in the rocks of the earth
neutralize
to make of no effect by some opposite force
10 terms
SALTS
Whats the definition of Acid-
Whats the definition of Alkali-
Whats the definition of the base-
Whats the definition of the soluble-
pH- 1 to 6
pH- 8 to 14... bases which dissolve in water.
neutralizes acids
can dissolve in water
Whats the definition of Acid-
pH- 1 to 6
Whats the definition of Alkali-
pH- 8 to 14... bases which dissolve in water.
10 terms
Salts
Inorganic Salts
Organic Salts
Negative and positive charges are ____…
Don't mix Heparin with _____________
generally used to inc AQUEOUS solubility (make more hydrophil…
generally used to inc LIPID solubility -to make depot injuect…
not covalently bonded therefore can quickly dissociate in aqu…
Basic salts (N)-> will precipitate out ... -Diazepem ... -Amiodaron…
Inorganic Salts
generally used to inc AQUEOUS solubility (make more hydrophil…
Organic Salts
generally used to inc LIPID solubility -to make depot injuect…
15 terms
Salts
Chlorate
Bromate
Iodate
Nitrate
ClO3 1-
BrO3 1-
IO3 1-
NO3 1-
Chlorate
ClO3 1-
Bromate
BrO3 1-
8 terms
Salts
NaClO (ON= Cl: +1)
NaClO₂ (ON= Cl: +3)
NaClO₃ (ON= Cl: +5)
NaClO₄ (ON= Cl: +7)
sodium hypochlorite
sodium chlorite
sodium chlorate
sodium perchlorate
NaClO (ON= Cl: +1)
sodium hypochlorite
NaClO₂ (ON= Cl: +3)
sodium chlorite
41 terms
salts
soluble
soluble
soluble
soluble
NaCl
KI
NH4F
SrCl2
soluble
NaCl
soluble
KI
8 terms
Salts
carbonate
acetate
bicarbonate
phosphate
CO3 -2
C2H3O2 -1
HCO3 -1
PO4 -3
carbonate
CO3 -2
acetate
C2H3O2 -1
8 terms
Salts
Sodium hypochlorite
Sodium chlorite
Sodium Chlorate
Sodium perchlorate
NaClO
NaClO2
NaClO3
NaClO4
Sodium hypochlorite
NaClO
Sodium chlorite
NaClO2
21 terms
Salts
Sodium chloride
Sodium sulphate
Sodium phosphate
Sodium nitrate
Chlorek sodu
siarczan sodu
Fosforan sodu
Azotan sodu
Sodium chloride
Chlorek sodu
Sodium sulphate
siarczan sodu
30 terms
SALTS
NaCl
Sodium chloride
NaHCO
Sodium bicarbonate
Sodium chloride
Table salt brine
Sodium bicarbonate
Baking soda
NaCl
Sodium chloride
Sodium chloride
Table salt brine
7 terms
Salts
Nitrates
Chlorides
Sulfates
Carbonates
All nitrates are soluble
All chlorides are soluble except for ... • silver chloride ... • le…
All sulfate are soluble except for ... • barium sulfate... • calciu…
All carbonates are insoluble except for ... • sodium carbonate…
Nitrates
All nitrates are soluble
Chlorides
All chlorides are soluble except for ... • silver chloride ... • le…
17 terms
Salts
why do salts get used ? (3)
how do you form salts (3)
ex. of weak acid salt
ex. of weak base salt
1. crystalize more readily into stable crystals... 2. dissolve f…
1. w.a + strong B... 2. w.b. + Strong A... 3. w.a. + w.b.
sodium naproxen
clonidine hydrochloride
why do salts get used ? (3)
1. crystalize more readily into stable crystals... 2. dissolve f…
how do you form salts (3)
1. w.a + strong B... 2. w.b. + Strong A... 3. w.a. + w.b.
8 terms
Salts
What is a salt.
The salt takes its name from the posit…
Salts are formed in reaction of...
Hydrochloric acid forms...salts.
A substance which contains metal ions and the negative ions o…
Alkali, acid.
Acids with base metals.
Chloride.
What is a salt.
A substance which contains metal ions and the negative ions o…
The salt takes its name from the posit…
Alkali, acid.
11 terms
Salts
Salt
Hydrated salts
Anhydrous salts
Heating hydrated salts
A substance formed when the hydrogen ions of an acid are part…
Salts that contain water of crystallisation
Salts that do not contain water of crystallisation
Process that removes water of crystallisation
Salt
A substance formed when the hydrogen ions of an acid are part…
Hydrated salts
Salts that contain water of crystallisation
10 terms
Salts
Hypernatremia
Hyponatremia
Hyperkalemia
Hypokalemia
Irritability, stupor, coma
Nausea/malaise, stupor, coma, seizure
Widened QRS, tall T, muscle weakness, arrhythmias
U wave, flattened T, arrhythmias, muscle spasm
Hypernatremia
Irritability, stupor, coma
Hyponatremia
Nausea/malaise, stupor, coma, seizure
16 terms
salts
group 1 carbonates
most carbonates
copper iodide
chlorides, bromides, iodides
soluble
insoluble
insoluble - white ppt
soluble
group 1 carbonates
soluble
most carbonates
insoluble
13 terms
Salts
Binary Salts
nitrides
carbides
Hydrides
m+nm not oxygen wide range of hazards
release ammonia gas
release acetylene gas and highly explosive
release hydrogen gas, ignitable
Binary Salts
m+nm not oxygen wide range of hazards
nitrides
release ammonia gas
21 terms
SALTS
Nitrite
Nitrate
Sulfite
Sulfate
NO2-1
NO3-1
SO3-2
SO4-2
Nitrite
NO2-1
Nitrate
NO3-1
8 terms
salts
salt
cation
anion
water of crystallization
a salt is a compund formed when the hydrogen ion in an acid i…
metallic ion ... ammonium ion... comes from the base (+)
non metallic ion... comes from the acid ... (-) ... eg. chloride / nit…
removed by heating ... hydrated salt -heat-> anhydrous salt + wa…
salt
a salt is a compund formed when the hydrogen ion in an acid i…
cation
metallic ion ... ammonium ion... comes from the base (+)
5 terms
salts
hydrochloric acid will always react to…
sulphuric acid will always react to fo…
nitric acid will always react to form..
carbonic acid will always react to for…
chloride salts
sulphate salts
nitrate salts
carbonate salts
hydrochloric acid will always react to…
chloride salts
sulphuric acid will always react to fo…
sulphate salts
13 terms
Salts
[Na+] [Glc] [K+]... PTC... IF... PCT cell... PCT…
Na/Glc Symporter
Na+ reabsorption
Na+ reabsorption purposes
n/a - high... high - low - low... low - high - high... high - low
luminal side... 2ndary active xport
65% in PCT... 25% Nephron Loop... 10% DCT, CT, CD
PCT = assists with reabsorption of glucose, aa, water, Cl-, u…
[Na+] [Glc] [K+]... PTC... IF... PCT cell... PCT…
n/a - high... high - low - low... low - high - high... high - low
Na/Glc Symporter
luminal side... 2ndary active xport
Salt
Salt är en
Ett salt kan bla bildas då
Koksalt
CuCl
Jonförening
En syra och en bas blandas
Natriumklorid
Kopparklorid
Salt är en
Jonförening
Ett salt kan bla bildas då
En syra och en bas blandas
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