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Study sets matching "and systems circulatory immune"

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Study sets matching "and systems circulatory immune"

61 terms
Circulatory and Immune Systems
The tunica intima is largely endotheli…
Endothelial cells minimize turbulence,…
An atheroma (an atherosclerotic plaque…
Both are clotting factors
What is in each of the three tunics of the circulatory system?
What are the five functions of endothelial cells lining blood…
How does an atheroma form?
What do von willibrand factor and thromobomodulin do?
The tunica intima is largely endotheli…
What is in each of the three tunics of the circulatory system?
Endothelial cells minimize turbulence,…
What are the five functions of endothelial cells lining blood…
106 terms
Circulatory, lymphatic, and immune systems
Goals of the circulatory system
Perfusion
Ischemia
Hypoxia
1) Distribute nutrients from the digestive tract, liver, and…
Flow of blood through a tissue
Inadequate blood flow: results in tissue damage due to shorta…
Supply of oxygen is reduced, while adequate circulation is pr…
Goals of the circulatory system
1) Distribute nutrients from the digestive tract, liver, and…
Perfusion
Flow of blood through a tissue
15 terms
Circulatory, Nervous , and Immune Systems
Arteries
Bone Marrow
Brain
Capillaries
Pumps oxygenated blood away from the heart
Makes white blood cells that fight infections (B cells)
Organ that coordinates all of our bodies activities
Very small blood vessel located within the tissues of the body
Arteries
Pumps oxygenated blood away from the heart
Bone Marrow
Makes white blood cells that fight infections (B cells)
15 terms
Circulatory, Nervous, and Immune Systems
Arteries
Bone Marrow
Brain
Capillaries
Pumps oxygenated blood away from the heart
Makes white blood cells that fight infections (B-cells)
Organ that coordinates all of our bodies activities
Very small blood vessel located within the tissues of the bod…
Arteries
Pumps oxygenated blood away from the heart
Bone Marrow
Makes white blood cells that fight infections (B-cells)
77 terms
Immune, Respiratory, and Circulatory Systems
Main function of the immune system
Infectious disease
Microorganisms
Are all illnesses an infectious disease?
Fight infectious diseases
When microorganisms cause physiological changes that disrupt…
Bacteria, virus, protist, fungi
No (diabetes)
Main function of the immune system
Fight infectious diseases
Infectious disease
When microorganisms cause physiological changes that disrupt…
204 terms
Circulatory, Lymphatic & Immune systems
adaptive immune system
type O
Type AB
exception: vein that carries oxygenate…
...
universal donor
universal receptor
pulmonary veins, return blood from lungs to heart (oxygenated)
adaptive immune system
...
type O
universal donor
10 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory, Immune Systems
artery
vein
capillary
cardio
blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart, most car…
blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart, most carry…
tiny blood vessels with thin walls which allows for the excha…
refers to the heart.
artery
blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart, most car…
vein
blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart, most carry…
37 terms
Circulatory and Immune system
The Heart Diagram
Circulatory System
Three kinds of Blood Vessels
Arteries
Delivers oxygen and nutrients to body cells and removes waste…
Arteries, Veins and Capillaries
Carries oxygen rich blood away from the heart
The Heart Diagram
Circulatory System
Delivers oxygen and nutrients to body cells and removes waste…
54 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory & Immune Systems
What are the three main parts of the c…
SA node
How does exercise prevent circulatory…
AV node
Blood, heart, blood vessels
the pace-maker of the heart; where the impulse conduction of…
Increases efficiency of the respiratory system, controls weig…
(atrioventricular node) region of the heart between the right…
What are the three main parts of the c…
Blood, heart, blood vessels
SA node
the pace-maker of the heart; where the impulse conduction of…
95 terms
Circulatory System and Immune System
All circulatory systems have three maj…
Open circulatory system
Closed circulatory system
Most important functions of the verteb…
1) A fluid, blood, that serves as a medium of transport.... 2) A…
Animals with an open circulatory system have a heart, blood v…
Animals with closed circulatory systems, the blood is confine…
1) Transport of oxygen and of carbon dioxide between tissues…
All circulatory systems have three maj…
1) A fluid, blood, that serves as a medium of transport.... 2) A…
Open circulatory system
Animals with an open circulatory system have a heart, blood v…
17 terms
Circulatory, respiratory, & immune systems
Three types of blood vessels
Arteries
Capillaries
Veins
arteries, capillaries, and veins
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Make up most of the great length of the bodys blood vessels;…
Blood vessels that return blood to the heart.
Three types of blood vessels
arteries, capillaries, and veins
Arteries
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
30 terms
circulatory system and immune system
Artery
Blood pressure
Hypertension
Capillary
Muscular vessels that carry blood away from heart
The force that blood exerts against the inside walls of a blo…
High blood pressure
The arterioles branch into a network of tiny vessels
Artery
Muscular vessels that carry blood away from heart
Blood pressure
The force that blood exerts against the inside walls of a blo…
71 terms
Circulatory Lymphatic & Immune Systems
What are the thirteen parts to the hea…
Diagram 1: Labeled Heart
What four things does the heart carry?*
The heart is a _________ and _________…
1A) Superior vena cava... 2A) Inferior vena cava... 3) Right atrium…
1) Oxygen... 2) Nutrients... 3) Hormones... 4) Wastes
hollow, muscular
What are the thirteen parts to the hea…
1A) Superior vena cava... 2A) Inferior vena cava... 3) Right atrium…
Diagram 1: Labeled Heart
20 terms
circulatory system and immune system
what are the functions of the circulat…
what are the three parts of the circul…
What are the different blood vessels?
arteries
1) serves to transport nutrients and oxygen to the cells and…
blood, blood vessels and the heart
arteries, veins, capillaries
1) carry blood away from the heart... 2) walls are thick and ela…
what are the functions of the circulat…
1) serves to transport nutrients and oxygen to the cells and…
what are the three parts of the circul…
blood, blood vessels and the heart
36 terms
circulatory system/immune system
gastrovascular cavity, open circulator…
closed circulatory system
single circulation (closed circulatory…
intermediate circulatory features
three basic types of circulatory system
blood and interstitial fluid physically separated, found in e…
fish, single atrium and ventricle, arteries carry blood to gi…
amphibians and reptiles, rely on lungs and permeable skin to…
gastrovascular cavity, open circulator…
three basic types of circulatory system
closed circulatory system
blood and interstitial fluid physically separated, found in e…
157 terms
The Circulatory, Respiratory, and Immune Systems
What is the primary job of the respira…
How does the respiratory system protec…
thermoregulation
panting
delivering oxygen to the blood and expelling carbon dioxide
by trapping potentially harmful incoming particulate matter a…
regulation of body temperature
increases respiration rate, bringing more water into the uppe…
What is the primary job of the respira…
delivering oxygen to the blood and expelling carbon dioxide
How does the respiratory system protec…
by trapping potentially harmful incoming particulate matter a…
119 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory and Immune System
particulate matter
functions of respiratory system
respiratory system and thermoregulation
anatomy of respiratory system
resp system is site of exchange between env and body, so it p…
-traps particulate matter- immune system ... -thermoregulation... -…
ie panting increases resp rate, brining more water into the u…
pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli
particulate matter
resp system is site of exchange between env and body, so it p…
functions of respiratory system
-traps particulate matter- immune system ... -thermoregulation... -…
46 terms
Circulatory and Immune System
ascending aorta
brachiocephalic
left carotid artery
left subclavian
Arteries which branch off the aorta to deliver blood to the b…
ascending aorta
brachiocephalic
Arteries which branch off the aorta to deliver blood to the b…
63 terms
Circulatory System and Immune System
Tricuspid valve
What is the function of valves in the…
Pulmonary valve
Bicuspid Valve
closes off RA, Opens to allow blood to flow from RA to RV
To make blood flow in one direction and prevent the back flow…
Closes off RV, Opens to allow blood to be pumped from heart t…
Closes off LA collecting oxygen rich blood from lungs, opens…
Tricuspid valve
closes off RA, Opens to allow blood to flow from RA to RV
What is the function of valves in the…
To make blood flow in one direction and prevent the back flow…
27 terms
Circulatory System: Immune System
Cells and organs that protect body fro…
Organs of the immune system
Cells of the immune system
Types of immunity: natural/non-specific
1. virus... 2. bacteria... 3. protozoans... 4. toxins... 5. cancer
1. bone marrow... 2. thymus... 3. spleen... 4. lymph nodes... 5. tonsils…
1. b and t lymphocytes... 2. all phagocytosis cells and RE cells…
1. body's normal structure and/or function destroys antigens…
Cells and organs that protect body fro…
1. virus... 2. bacteria... 3. protozoans... 4. toxins... 5. cancer
Organs of the immune system
1. bone marrow... 2. thymus... 3. spleen... 4. lymph nodes... 5. tonsils…
132 terms
The Circulatory, Respiratory and Immune Systems
Respiratory System
Thermoregulation
Panting
Evaporation
-site of exchange between external environment and the body... -…
Regulation of body temperature so that it stays within a narr…
-increases respiration rate... -brings more water into upper par…
-exothermic process... -has a cooling effect on the body
Respiratory System
-site of exchange between external environment and the body... -…
Thermoregulation
Regulation of body temperature so that it stays within a narr…
23 terms
Immune system and circulatory system
The immune system of humans may respon…
Vaccinations help prepare the body to…
Which transplant method would prevent…
Which statement best describes what wi…
2
2
1
2
The immune system of humans may respon…
2
Vaccinations help prepare the body to…
2
119 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory and Immune System
particulate matter
functions of respiratory system
respiratory system and thermoregulation
anatomy of respiratory system
resp system is site of exchange between env and body, so it p…
-traps particulate matter- immune system ... -thermoregulation... -…
ie panting increases resp rate, brining more water into the u…
pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli
particulate matter
resp system is site of exchange between env and body, so it p…
functions of respiratory system
-traps particulate matter- immune system ... -thermoregulation... -…
10 terms
Immune system and Circulatory system
Parts of blood
type of T cells
type of B cells
what triggers specific defenses?
plasma, white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets
cytotoxic, helper
plasma, memory
Antigen
Parts of blood
plasma, white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets
type of T cells
cytotoxic, helper
41 terms
The Circulatory and Immune System
Circulatory System
Heart
Inferior Vena Cava
Pulmonary Artery
The system that carries nutrients, gases, liquid waste, etc.…
The heart is the organ that pushes blood throughout the circu…
Oxygen deficient blood enters the right atrium through this v…
Oxygen deficient blood in the right ventricle goes through th…
Circulatory System
The system that carries nutrients, gases, liquid waste, etc.…
Heart
The heart is the organ that pushes blood throughout the circu…
17 terms
circulatory and immune systems
circulatory systems function
heart
atria
ventricles
to transport substances from one part of the body to another
muscular pump with four chambers
2 upper chambers
2 lower chambers
circulatory systems function
to transport substances from one part of the body to another
heart
muscular pump with four chambers
10 terms
Circulatory and Immune Systems
Monocyte
Thrombus
Complement Proteins
Agglutination
A large phagocytic white blood cell.
A blood clot that forms within a blood vessel and blocks it.
A plasma protein that helps defend against invading microbes…
The clumping of blood cells caused by antigens and antibodies.
Monocyte
A large phagocytic white blood cell.
Thrombus
A blood clot that forms within a blood vessel and blocks it.
59 terms
Circulatory and Immune Systems
SA node
parasympathetic nerve
Sympathetic nerve
Platelets
Located in the right atrium, group of nerve cells that causes…
Decreases heart rate stimulated by SA node/pacemaker
Increases heart rate stimulated by SA node/pacemaker
Cell fragments that clot blood
SA node
Located in the right atrium, group of nerve cells that causes…
parasympathetic nerve
Decreases heart rate stimulated by SA node/pacemaker
119 terms
Circulatory, Lymphatic, and Immune Systems
circulatory system
pulmonary circulation
systemic circulation
arteries
transports blood containing oxygen and nutrients throughout t…
carries blood between the heart and the lungs for gas exchange
carries blood between the heart and the rest of the boy'd tis…
carry blood from the heart to capillary beds, where exchange…
circulatory system
transports blood containing oxygen and nutrients throughout t…
pulmonary circulation
carries blood between the heart and the lungs for gas exchange
32 terms
Circulatory and immune systems
Pulmonary circulation
Systemic circulation
Portal systems in human body
Blood flow through heart
Flow of blood from the heart to lungs and back to heart
Flow of blood from the heart to the rest of the body and back…
Hypophyseal: link hypothalamus and anterior pituitary... Hepatic…
Deoxygenated blood from systemic circulation... Inferior and sup…
Pulmonary circulation
Flow of blood from the heart to lungs and back to heart
Systemic circulation
Flow of blood from the heart to the rest of the body and back…
15 terms
Circulatory, nerve, and immune systems
Bone Marrow
Brain
Cappilaries
Circulatory System
Makes white blood cells.
Organ that coordinates our body.
Small blood vessel that transports blood from arteries to vei…
Transports food particles, oxygen, and carbon dioxide through…
Bone Marrow
Makes white blood cells.
Brain
Organ that coordinates our body.
37 terms
circulatory immune and respiratory systems
AV valves
atrium
SL valves
septum
valves between the atria and ventricles
top heart chamber
valves between the ventricles and the arteries leaving the he…
divides the heart into two sides
AV valves
valves between the atria and ventricles
atrium
top heart chamber
15 terms
Circulatory, Nervous, and Immune Systems
Arteries
Bone Marrow
Brain
Capillaries
Pumps oxygenated blood away from the heart
Makes white blood cells that fight infections (B-Cells)
Organ that coordinates all of our bodies activities
Very small blood vessel located within the tissues of the bod…
Arteries
Pumps oxygenated blood away from the heart
Bone Marrow
Makes white blood cells that fight infections (B-Cells)
15 terms
Circulatory, Nervous, and immune systems
Arteries
Bone Marrow
Brain
Capillaries
Pumps oxygenated blood away from the heart.
Makes white blood cells that fight infections(B-cells)
Organ that coordinates all of our bodies activities
Very small blood vessel located within the tissues of the bod…
Arteries
Pumps oxygenated blood away from the heart.
Bone Marrow
Makes white blood cells that fight infections(B-cells)
23 terms
Immune System & Circulatory System
Pathogen
What are the most commonly infectious…
Toxins
How can skin act as a barrier to the p…
Anything (organism) that causes a disease
Pathogens
Poisons produced by pathogens to cause diseases.
It is the the first defensive mechanism of the body.
Pathogen
Anything (organism) that causes a disease
What are the most commonly infectious…
Pathogens
78 terms
Body Systems: Circulatory and Immune Systems
Atria
Ventricles
Septum
Vena Cavae
The two thin-walled upper chambers of the heart. The right at…
The muscular lower chambers of the heart. The right ventricle…
Large wall of tissue separating the ventricles.
One of two large vessels that carry deoxygenated blood to the…
Atria
The two thin-walled upper chambers of the heart. The right at…
Ventricles
The muscular lower chambers of the heart. The right ventricle…
20 terms
circulatory and immune systems
arteries
veins
capillaries
pulmonary artery
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
Smallest blood vessels
Carries deoxygentated blood from the heart to the lungs
arteries
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
veins
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
59 terms
circulatory and immune systems
three parts of the circulatory system
composition of blood
plasma
centrifuge
heart, blood, blood vessels
red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, platelets
-90% water... -food molecules (glucose, lipids, amino acids)... -tr…
separates blood
three parts of the circulatory system
heart, blood, blood vessels
composition of blood
red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, platelets
35 terms
Circulatory/Immune System
Plasma
Arteries
Veins
White Blood Cells
The liquid portion of blood consisting mostly of water. It co…
Vessels that transport oxygen-rich blood away from the heart…
Vessels that transport oxygen-poor blood back to the heart th…
The portion of the blood that helps to fight pathogens.
Plasma
The liquid portion of blood consisting mostly of water. It co…
Arteries
Vessels that transport oxygen-rich blood away from the heart…
54 terms
Circulatory, Lympathic, and Immune Systems
Perfusion
Ischemia
Hypoxia
Portal Systems
Flow of blood through a tissue
inadequate blood flow.
adequate circulation but supply of oxygen to tissue is reduced
Meant for direction transport systems for nutrients/ hormones.
Perfusion
Flow of blood through a tissue
Ischemia
inadequate blood flow.
69 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory, and Immune Systems
myocardium
heart
atrium
septum
2 thin layers of epithelial and connective tissue form a sand…
a hollow organ composed almost entirely of muscle that contra…
each upper chamber in the heart that receives blood from the…
a wall that separates the right and left side of the heart; p…
myocardium
2 thin layers of epithelial and connective tissue form a sand…
heart
a hollow organ composed almost entirely of muscle that contra…
Immune / Circulatory System
artery
vein
capillary
cardiac cycle
Arteries are high pressure blood vessels. They carry oxygenat…
Veins are the blood vessels that carry deoxygenated blood fro…
Capillaries are the smallest of the body's blood vessels. The…
The cardiac cycle refers to a complete heartbeat from its gen…
artery
Arteries are high pressure blood vessels. They carry oxygenat…
vein
Veins are the blood vessels that carry deoxygenated blood fro…
56 terms
Respiratory, Circulatory and Immune Systems
aerobic respiration equation with words
aerobic respiration equation with symb…
the site of aerobic respiration is the…
mitochondria contain ___ and have ___…
glucose + oxygen → carbon dioxide + water
C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂ → 6CO₂ + 6H₂O
mitochondria
enzymes needed for aerobic respiration, many folds, increase…
aerobic respiration equation with words
glucose + oxygen → carbon dioxide + water
aerobic respiration equation with symb…
C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂ → 6CO₂ + 6H₂O
48 terms
Circulatory, Lymphatic, and Immune Systems
Atrium
Ventricle
Subclavean
Aorta
(upper) receives blood from veins
(lower) forces blood out of heart into arteries
sends blood through arms and clavicle area
largest artery of body
Atrium
(upper) receives blood from veins
Ventricle
(lower) forces blood out of heart into arteries
15 terms
Circulatory, Nervous, and Immune systems
Arteries
Bone Marrow
Brain
Capillaries
Pumps oxygenated blood away from the heart.
Makes white blood cells that fight infections (B-Cells)
Organ that coordinates all of our body's activities
Very small blood vessels located within the tissues of the bo…
Arteries
Pumps oxygenated blood away from the heart.
Bone Marrow
Makes white blood cells that fight infections (B-Cells)
20 terms
Circulatory, Immune, and Nervous Systems
Immune System
Nervous System
Circulatory System
Bone Morrow
Fights infections by killing germs
Controls all other systems by sending messages
Transports nutrients, oxygen, and carbon dioxide throughout t…
Makes white blood cells that kill germs. (B cells.)
Immune System
Fights infections by killing germs
Nervous System
Controls all other systems by sending messages
28 terms
circulatory/immune/lymphatic system
plasma
red blood cells
white blood cells
platelets
fluid portion of the blood, 55% of volume
most common type of blood cell, contains hemoglobin that pick…
phagocytic cells that engulf and destroy bacteria at the site…
fragments of cells that plug "leaks" where an injury occurs (…
plasma
fluid portion of the blood, 55% of volume
red blood cells
most common type of blood cell, contains hemoglobin that pick…
40 terms
Respiratory, Circulatory, and Immune Systems
A pathogen is
The scientist famous for understaing t…
A type of chemical released by mast ce…
B Cells defend primarily against
Any disease causing agent
Joseph Lister
Histamine
Bacteria and viruses that are found outside of cells in body…
A pathogen is
Any disease causing agent
The scientist famous for understaing t…
Joseph Lister
Respiratory, circulatory, and immune systems
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Trachea
Lungs
The body system that transports blood and other materials
The body system in which gas exchange takes place
A long structure made of soft tissue reinforced with C-shaped…
Organs that absorb O2 from the air you inhale
Circulatory system
The body system that transports blood and other materials
Respiratory system
The body system in which gas exchange takes place
161 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory, and Immune Systems
Functions of circulatory system
Transportation
Regulation of body temperature
Comparison of animal system
Transportation ... Maintenance of fluid balance... Defense immune s…
Nutrients ... Gases: oxygen and carbon dioxide ... Nitrogenous wast…
Homeotherms ... All require blood, heart, blood vessels
Cnidarians ... Flatworm... Nematoda... Open and closed circulation
Functions of circulatory system
Transportation ... Maintenance of fluid balance... Defense immune s…
Transportation
Nutrients ... Gases: oxygen and carbon dioxide ... Nitrogenous wast…
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