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Study sets matching "and systems respiratory immune"

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Study sets matching "and systems respiratory immune"

20 terms
Immune, Lymphatic and Respiratory Systems
lymph
lymph nodes
white blood cells
immune system
colorless liquid that carries food and waste materials
a clump of tissue that produces WBC's and cleans lymph
formed in the body to help fight germs and infections
system that fights disease caused by bacteria and viruses
lymph
colorless liquid that carries food and waste materials
lymph nodes
a clump of tissue that produces WBC's and cleans lymph
20 terms
Respiratory, Immune, and Lymphatic Systems
lymph
lymph nodes
white blood cells
immune system
colorless liquid that carries food and waste materials
a clump of tissue that produces WBC's and cleans lymph
formed in the body to help fight germs and infections
system that fights disease caused by bacteria and viruses
lymph
colorless liquid that carries food and waste materials
lymph nodes
a clump of tissue that produces WBC's and cleans lymph
77 terms
Immune, Respiratory, and Circulatory Systems
Main function of the immune system
Infectious disease
Microorganisms
Are all illnesses an infectious disease?
Fight infectious diseases
When microorganisms cause physiological changes that disrupt…
Bacteria, virus, protist, fungi
No (diabetes)
Main function of the immune system
Fight infectious diseases
Infectious disease
When microorganisms cause physiological changes that disrupt…
10 terms
Immune and Respiratory System
prions
Viruses
Bacteria
Protozoans
-An abnormal form of a normally harmless protein found in the…
- not cells. Composed of a nucleic acid within a cuspid or li…
-unicellular prokaryotes... -Features: living organisms that req…
-unicellular eukaryotes without a cell wall... -Features: intrac…
prions
-An abnormal form of a normally harmless protein found in the…
Viruses
- not cells. Composed of a nucleic acid within a cuspid or li…
10 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory, Immune Systems
artery
vein
capillary
cardio
blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart, most car…
blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart, most carry…
tiny blood vessels with thin walls which allows for the excha…
refers to the heart.
artery
blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart, most car…
vein
blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart, most carry…
54 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory & Immune Systems
What are the three main parts of the c…
SA node
How does exercise prevent circulatory…
AV node
Blood, heart, blood vessels
the pace-maker of the heart; where the impulse conduction of…
Increases efficiency of the respiratory system, controls weig…
(atrioventricular node) region of the heart between the right…
What are the three main parts of the c…
Blood, heart, blood vessels
SA node
the pace-maker of the heart; where the impulse conduction of…
18 terms
Immune System && Respiratory System
Complement Activation
Humoral Adaptive Defense
Cellular Adaptive Defense
Antigens
Enhances inflammation, promotes phagocytosis, causes cell lys…
Antibody mediated immunity. B-lymphocytes
Cell mediated immunity. T-lymphocytes
Substances that can mobilize adaptive defenses and provoke an…
Complement Activation
Enhances inflammation, promotes phagocytosis, causes cell lys…
Humoral Adaptive Defense
Antibody mediated immunity. B-lymphocytes
17 terms
Circulatory, respiratory, & immune systems
Three types of blood vessels
Arteries
Capillaries
Veins
arteries, capillaries, and veins
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Make up most of the great length of the bodys blood vessels;…
Blood vessels that return blood to the heart.
Three types of blood vessels
arteries, capillaries, and veins
Arteries
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
67 terms
Immune and Respiratory System Review
Function of the Immune System:
Infectious Agents are also called ____…
Infectious Agents
Prion Structure
Protection from infectious agents and harmful substances
Pathogens
Cause damage or death to a host organism
An abnormal form of a normally harmless protein found in the…
Function of the Immune System:
Protection from infectious agents and harmful substances
Infectious Agents are also called ____…
Pathogens
157 terms
The Circulatory, Respiratory, and Immune Systems
What is the primary job of the respira…
How does the respiratory system protec…
thermoregulation
panting
delivering oxygen to the blood and expelling carbon dioxide
by trapping potentially harmful incoming particulate matter a…
regulation of body temperature
increases respiration rate, bringing more water into the uppe…
What is the primary job of the respira…
delivering oxygen to the blood and expelling carbon dioxide
How does the respiratory system protec…
by trapping potentially harmful incoming particulate matter a…
79 terms
The Immune System & The Respiratory System
The 1st line of defence involves secre…
A "foreign" molecule which can invoke…
The exchange of gases between the alve…
The pleurae are vital to the integrity…
mucus
antigen
external respiration
produce a lubricating serous secretion, allowing the lungs to…
The 1st line of defence involves secre…
mucus
A "foreign" molecule which can invoke…
antigen
119 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory and Immune System
particulate matter
functions of respiratory system
respiratory system and thermoregulation
anatomy of respiratory system
resp system is site of exchange between env and body, so it p…
-traps particulate matter- immune system ... -thermoregulation... -…
ie panting increases resp rate, brining more water into the u…
pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli
particulate matter
resp system is site of exchange between env and body, so it p…
functions of respiratory system
-traps particulate matter- immune system ... -thermoregulation... -…
109 terms
the immune system and respiratory system
t cells
what are the two parts of t cells
t cell antingen receptors only find to…
major histocompatibility complex molec…
antigen receptors with two parts
alpha and beta chains
only bind to antigen fragments on the surface of the host cell
host protein that displays antigen fragments on the surgace
t cells
antigen receptors with two parts
what are the two parts of t cells
alpha and beta chains
63 terms
Lymphatic, Immune & Respiratory Systems
pyrogens
moderate fever
important antimicrobial proteins
interferons are produced by...
chemicals secreted by leukoocytes or macrophages to cause fever
beneficial:... - stop making as much zinc and iron... - increase me…
interferons and complement proteins
virus-infected body cells, T-lymphocytes, NK cells and macrop…
pyrogens
chemicals secreted by leukoocytes or macrophages to cause fever
moderate fever
beneficial:... - stop making as much zinc and iron... - increase me…
132 terms
The Circulatory, Respiratory and Immune Systems
Respiratory System
Thermoregulation
Panting
Evaporation
-site of exchange between external environment and the body... -…
Regulation of body temperature so that it stays within a narr…
-increases respiration rate... -brings more water into upper par…
-exothermic process... -has a cooling effect on the body
Respiratory System
-site of exchange between external environment and the body... -…
Thermoregulation
Regulation of body temperature so that it stays within a narr…
23 terms
Respiratory and Immune Systems
Respiratory System
Mucus
Mucus Membranes
Pharynx
provides body cells with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide th…
a thick secretion that moistens, lubricates, and protects muc…
a type of tissues that lines body cavities and secretes mucus
the throat
Respiratory System
provides body cells with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide th…
Mucus
a thick secretion that moistens, lubricates, and protects muc…
119 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory and Immune System
particulate matter
functions of respiratory system
respiratory system and thermoregulation
anatomy of respiratory system
resp system is site of exchange between env and body, so it p…
-traps particulate matter- immune system ... -thermoregulation... -…
ie panting increases resp rate, brining more water into the u…
pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli
particulate matter
resp system is site of exchange between env and body, so it p…
functions of respiratory system
-traps particulate matter- immune system ... -thermoregulation... -…
37 terms
circulatory immune and respiratory systems
AV valves
atrium
SL valves
septum
valves between the atria and ventricles
top heart chamber
valves between the ventricles and the arteries leaving the he…
divides the heart into two sides
AV valves
valves between the atria and ventricles
atrium
top heart chamber
107 terms
Respiratory, Excretory, and Immune Systems
Pathogens enter the body through...
Pathogens...
Lines of Defense
Barrier
openings in the body, sexual contact, breaks on the skin, con…
interfere with normal body function, release toxins
barrier, inflammatory response, immune response
skin, hair, mucus/waxes, stomach acid
Pathogens enter the body through...
openings in the body, sexual contact, breaks on the skin, con…
Pathogens...
interfere with normal body function, release toxins
18 terms
Immune, Respiratory, and Digestive systems
IgM
IgA
IgD
IgG
-first line of defense during primary response... -fixes and act…
-stops cells from attaching to epithelial surfaces... -found in…
-b-cell activation
-main anti-body for secondary and late primary responses... - mo…
IgM
-first line of defense during primary response... -fixes and act…
IgA
-stops cells from attaching to epithelial surfaces... -found in…
56 terms
Respiratory, Circulatory and Immune Systems
aerobic respiration equation with words
aerobic respiration equation with symb…
the site of aerobic respiration is the…
mitochondria contain ___ and have ___…
glucose + oxygen → carbon dioxide + water
C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂ → 6CO₂ + 6H₂O
mitochondria
enzymes needed for aerobic respiration, many folds, increase…
aerobic respiration equation with words
glucose + oxygen → carbon dioxide + water
aerobic respiration equation with symb…
C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂ → 6CO₂ + 6H₂O
69 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory, and Immune Systems
myocardium
heart
atrium
septum
2 thin layers of epithelial and connective tissue form a sand…
a hollow organ composed almost entirely of muscle that contra…
each upper chamber in the heart that receives blood from the…
a wall that separates the right and left side of the heart; p…
myocardium
2 thin layers of epithelial and connective tissue form a sand…
heart
a hollow organ composed almost entirely of muscle that contra…
40 terms
Respiratory, Circulatory, and Immune Systems
A pathogen is
The scientist famous for understaing t…
A type of chemical released by mast ce…
B Cells defend primarily against
Any disease causing agent
Joseph Lister
Histamine
Bacteria and viruses that are found outside of cells in body…
A pathogen is
Any disease causing agent
The scientist famous for understaing t…
Joseph Lister
106 terms
Immune, Circulatory, and Respiratory Systems
Internal respiration
External respiration
Respiratory system in order
Nasal cavity
cellular respiration: mitochondria, ATP
gas exchange; lungs
Nasal cavity, pharynx, glottis, larynx, trachea, bronci, bron…
filters, warms, and moistens air
Internal respiration
cellular respiration: mitochondria, ATP
External respiration
gas exchange; lungs
Respiratory, circulatory, and immune systems
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Trachea
Lungs
The body system that transports blood and other materials
The body system in which gas exchange takes place
A long structure made of soft tissue reinforced with C-shaped…
Organs that absorb O2 from the air you inhale
Circulatory system
The body system that transports blood and other materials
Respiratory system
The body system in which gas exchange takes place
Circulatory, Immune, and Respiratory Systems
White blood cells
Plasma
Hemoglobin
Red blood cells
Your body's defense
Makes blood liquid
Attracts oxygen from the alveoli
Carries oxygen to all parts of the body cells
White blood cells
Your body's defense
Plasma
Makes blood liquid
84 terms
The Circulatory, Respiratory, and Immune Systems
circulatory system
heart
myocardium
septum
the body's system of transporting oxygen, nutrients, and othe…
a hollow organ made up of mostly muscle and has 4 chambers
a layer of muscle in the heart
a wall dividing the right and left side of the heart and prev…
circulatory system
the body's system of transporting oxygen, nutrients, and othe…
heart
a hollow organ made up of mostly muscle and has 4 chambers
25 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory, and Immune Systems
myocardium
atrium
ventricle
pulmonary circulation
thick middle muscle layer of the heart
upper chamber of the heart that receives and holds blood that…
lower chamber of the heart that pumps blood throughout the he…
pathway of circulation between the heart and the lungs
myocardium
thick middle muscle layer of the heart
atrium
upper chamber of the heart that receives and holds blood that…
57 terms
Immune, lymphatic, and respiratory systems
Edema
Lacteal
Lymphatic capillaries
Lymphatic collecting vessels
Swelling due to excess fluid, blockage of lymph vessels, mast…
Present in villi of the mucosa of the small intestine, absorb…
Filaments anchored to connective tissue, flaplike minivalve,…
Accompany blood vessels... 3 tunics... Valves, pockets... String of be…
Edema
Swelling due to excess fluid, blockage of lymph vessels, mast…
Lacteal
Present in villi of the mucosa of the small intestine, absorb…
97 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory, and Immune Systems :///
a vestibule
heart
a little vessel
opposite
atrio-
cardia-
-vascula
counter-
a vestibule
atrio-
heart
cardia-
79 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory, and Immune Systems
particulate matter
thermoregulation
panting
evaporation
Small particles or liquid droplets suspended in midair; consi…
Process of maintaining an internal temperature within a toler…
Increases respiration rate.
exothermic process and thus has a cooling effect on the body
particulate matter
Small particles or liquid droplets suspended in midair; consi…
thermoregulation
Process of maintaining an internal temperature within a toler…
161 terms
Circulatory, Respiratory, and Immune Systems
Functions of circulatory system
Transportation
Regulation of body temperature
Comparison of animal system
Transportation ... Maintenance of fluid balance... Defense immune s…
Nutrients ... Gases: oxygen and carbon dioxide ... Nitrogenous wast…
Homeotherms ... All require blood, heart, blood vessels
Cnidarians ... Flatworm... Nematoda... Open and closed circulation
Functions of circulatory system
Transportation ... Maintenance of fluid balance... Defense immune s…
Transportation
Nutrients ... Gases: oxygen and carbon dioxide ... Nitrogenous wast…
76 terms
Respiratory, Lymphatic and Immune Systems
Immunity
Innate Defense System ... (Nonspecific)
Adaptive Defense System... (Specific)
Innate Defense is..
Resistance to a disease
• First line of defense is external body membranes (skin and…
• Third line of defense attacks particular foreign substances…
• Surface barriers... • Skin, mucous membranes, and their secret…
Immunity
Resistance to a disease
Innate Defense System ... (Nonspecific)
• First line of defense is external body membranes (skin and…
56 terms
Immune and Respiratory System
Immune system cell that is found in th…
Small, living microorganism that are m…
Windpipe
Air flowing into lungs
B Cells
Bacteria
Trachea
Inspiration
Immune system cell that is found in th…
B Cells
Small, living microorganism that are m…
Bacteria
Respiratory, Circulatory, Immune Systems
blood vessels
arteries function
arteries structure
capillaries function
arteries, capillaries, veins
away from heart, squeezes to move blood, blood moves to capil…
thick layer of smooth muscle, layer of elastic connective tis…
o2 and nutrients can diffuse from the walls into the cells, c…
blood vessels
arteries, capillaries, veins
arteries function
away from heart, squeezes to move blood, blood moves to capil…
28 terms
Respiratory, Digestive, and Immune Systems
Water Soluble vitamins
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Where are Fat soluble Vitamins Stored
Balance
B complex ... Biotin... C... Folic acid ... Niacin
A... D... K... E
Liver and adipose tissue
input = output
Water Soluble vitamins
B complex ... Biotin... C... Folic acid ... Niacin
Fat Soluble Vitamins
A... D... K... E
29 terms
Immune, Respiratory, and Circulatory Systems
What are points of entry into your body?
What's the importance of the Immune Sy…
How are invaders recognized?
What's the first line of defense?
Digestive system, respiratory system, urinary system, genital…
Protects against attack from the outside and inside. We are a…
Antigens are chemical name tags on the surface of every cell…
Barriers! This is the broad external defense that's non-speci…
What are points of entry into your body?
Digestive system, respiratory system, urinary system, genital…
What's the importance of the Immune Sy…
Protects against attack from the outside and inside. We are a…
14 terms
immune, respiratory and lymphatic systems
leading cause of lung cancer in the No…
what fills the airways when a person c…
an inflammatory condition when airways…
this involves bronchospasm and airway…
smoking
exudate
pneumonia
asthma
leading cause of lung cancer in the No…
smoking
what fills the airways when a person c…
exudate
45 terms
The Circulatory, Respiratory, and Immune Systems
EK Key #1
EK Key #2
EK Key #3
Thermoregulation
The goal of respiration and circulation is to meet metabolic…
Differential pressures and concentrations drive fluid flow an…
Increasing surface area facilitates exchange of materials
the regulation of body temperature such that it stays within…
EK Key #1
The goal of respiration and circulation is to meet metabolic…
EK Key #2
Differential pressures and concentrations drive fluid flow an…
71 terms
Respiratory Immune system
innate immune sys
adaptive immunity
physical barriers
chemical barriers
includes: DCs, APCs, macs, NK cells, PMNs, eosinophils, mast…
B cells, T cells, memory B and T cells,
epithelium, mucus (mucins), cilia, peristalsis, microflora, t…
pH, antimicro peptides, lysozyme, lactoferrin
innate immune sys
includes: DCs, APCs, macs, NK cells, PMNs, eosinophils, mast…
adaptive immunity
B cells, T cells, memory B and T cells,
39 terms
The Circulatory, Respiratory, and Immune Systems
respiratory system
panting
evaporation
differential pressures
the primary job of the respiratory system is to deliver oxyge…
increases respiration rate, bringing more water into the uppe…
exothermic process and thus has a cooling effect on the body
inspiration and expiration of air is governed by changing dif…
respiratory system
the primary job of the respiratory system is to deliver oxyge…
panting
increases respiration rate, bringing more water into the uppe…
27 terms
Immune, Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
circulatory function
respiratory function
immune function
bone marrow
transport oxygen and sugar to the cells
bring oxygen into body and release carbon dioxide out of body
fight germs
place where red blood cells are made
circulatory function
transport oxygen and sugar to the cells
respiratory function
bring oxygen into body and release carbon dioxide out of body
62 terms
Immune & Respiratory Systems
Lymphatic Organs
Spleen Structure & Function
Thymus Structure & Function
Tonsils Structure & Function
Spleen, Thymus, Tonsils, MALT
S: Largest lymph organ (White & Red Pulp)... F: Cleanses blood;…
S: Active in childhood, inferior neck, no follicles or B-Cell…
S: Simplest lymphoid organ... F: Gather/ remove pathogens in foo…
Lymphatic Organs
Spleen, Thymus, Tonsils, MALT
Spleen Structure & Function
S: Largest lymph organ (White & Red Pulp)... F: Cleanses blood;…
45 terms
Immune, Circulatory, Respiratory Systems
Immune System
Barriers
Broad Range Patrol
Lymphocytes
Made up of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to p…
Skin, mucus membrane, sweat, stomach acid, tears, mucus, saliva
Patrolling white blood cells, attack invaders that get throug…
B cells, antibodies, T cells
Immune System
Made up of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to p…
Barriers
Skin, mucus membrane, sweat, stomach acid, tears, mucus, saliva
60 terms
Lymphatic, Immune, & Respiratory Systems
largest lymphoid organ of the body
specific immunity
one inhalation & one exhalation
AMI
spleen
3rd line of defense
respiratory cycle
humoral immunity
largest lymphoid organ of the body
spleen
specific immunity
3rd line of defense
37 terms
Circulatory/Respiratory/Immune Systems
Pathway of air as it enters the nostrils
Nose
Pharynx
Trachea
Nose... Pharynx... Trachea... Bronchus... Bronchiole... Lungs with alveoli
Air enters through the nostils and moves into the cavities wh…
Throat
The windpipe kept open by rings of cartilage
Pathway of air as it enters the nostrils
Nose... Pharynx... Trachea... Bronchus... Bronchiole... Lungs with alveoli
Nose
Air enters through the nostils and moves into the cavities wh…
47 terms
Immune,Respiratory,Circulatory Systems
Organs of respiratory tract
Nostrils
Nasal passages
Pharynx (throat)
Lung,sinuses,throat, larynx,trachea,bronchial tube,bronchioles
Opening to the nasal passages
Lined with a mucus membrane bearing cilia (filters incoming a…
Cavity it back of mouth
Organs of respiratory tract
Lung,sinuses,throat, larynx,trachea,bronchial tube,bronchioles
Nostrils
Opening to the nasal passages
27 terms
Respiratory and Immune System Review
parts of the nose
purpose of hard and soft palate
larynx purpose
epiglottis
nares, nasal septum, nasal cavity, conchae
separate the nasal cavity from the oral cavity
voice box-speaking
elastic cartilage flap, protects from swallowing food down th…
parts of the nose
nares, nasal septum, nasal cavity, conchae
purpose of hard and soft palate
separate the nasal cavity from the oral cavity
30 terms
Respiratory & Immune System
Nasal Cavity
Nasal Conchae
Hard Palate
Soft Palate
Nasal Cavity
Nasal Conchae
46 terms
Cardiovascular, Respiratory, and Immune Systems
What is the pressure of the chest cavi…
How does air flow in and out in terms…
What is the pO2 in the lungs?
What is the pCO2 in the lungs?
-rest: negative... -inspiration: even more negative... -expiration:…
when the airway and alveoli are at a negative gauge pressure,…
110 mmHg
40 mmHg
What is the pressure of the chest cavi…
-rest: negative... -inspiration: even more negative... -expiration:…
How does air flow in and out in terms…
when the airway and alveoli are at a negative gauge pressure,…
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