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Study sets matching "and the universe earth science"

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Study sets matching "and the universe earth science"

17 terms
Earth Science - The Earth and the Universe
Paleontology
How old is the universe?
Big Bang Theory
Galaxies
Study of fossils
20 billion yrs.
states that the universe was created when a large collection…
System of Stars. ... Earth is in Milky Way Galaxy.... Astronomers…
Paleontology
Study of fossils
How old is the universe?
20 billion yrs.
13 terms
Earth Science - Stars/Universe
asteroid
asteroid belt
comet
meteor (a "shooting star")
small rocky object that floats through space (not a planet).
a group of asteroids that orbit the sun in a belt between mar…
a mixture of ice and dust that orbits the sun in an elliptica…
an object (usually comet dust or rock) that enters the Earth'…
asteroid
small rocky object that floats through space (not a planet).
asteroid belt
a group of asteroids that orbit the sun in a belt between mar…
19 terms
The Universe in Earth Science Unit 1
Big Bang Theory
EM Spectrum
Spectroscope
Red Shift
explains the origin of the universe
starting from the waves with the longest wavelengths (and lea…
An instrument used by astronomers that separates light into i…
Light becomes more red because of light moving away.
Big Bang Theory
explains the origin of the universe
EM Spectrum
starting from the waves with the longest wavelengths (and lea…
20 terms
Earth Science 9//The Universe
The Sun
Sunspots
Hertzprung Russel Diagram
Galaxies
the closes star to earth ... -it gets it energy from nuclear fus…
temporary storms visible on the surface of the sun ... -come and…
used to classify stars by temperature and size ... -the sun is a…
a huge body of stars and other matter in space
The Sun
the closes star to earth ... -it gets it energy from nuclear fus…
Sunspots
temporary storms visible on the surface of the sun ... -come and…
14 terms
Earth Science: The Galaxies and the Universe
How many stars are in the disk of the…
Which of the following did Hubble disc…
What are the oldest-known objects in t…
The smallest galaxies are called _____…
100 billion
Earth's universe is expanding.
globular clusters
dwarf ellipticals, giant ellipticals
How many stars are in the disk of the…
100 billion
Which of the following did Hubble disc…
Earth's universe is expanding.
30 terms
earth science: earth in the universe
if a planet is farther away from the s…
what evidence supports that the univer…
what are impact craters
what is a jovian planet
decrease, as it gets farther the gravitational pull isnt as s…
because of the cosmic background radiation
depressions made by a meteorite or asteroid
gas giant: large gaseous planet with low density, contains Ne…
if a planet is farther away from the s…
decrease, as it gets farther the gravitational pull isnt as s…
what evidence supports that the univer…
because of the cosmic background radiation
11 terms
Earth Science - The Universe
Big Bang Theory
Doppler Effect
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Galaxy
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
An observed change in the frequency of a wave when the source…
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
Big Bang Theory
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
Doppler Effect
An observed change in the frequency of a wave when the source…
27 terms
Science Earth and the Universe Study
24 hours
About 365 days
23 1/2
Nitrogen and Oxygen
How long does it take for the Earth to rotate fully?
How long does it take for the Earth to revolve around the sun?
How many degrees is Earth tilted on it's axis?
What main gases are in Earth's atmosphere?
24 hours
How long does it take for the Earth to rotate fully?
About 365 days
How long does it take for the Earth to revolve around the sun?
17 terms
Universe(Earth Science Finals)
According to the Big Bang Theory
Seasons are caused by
The tilt of the Earth is approximately
Precession
The Universe is expanding
The tilt of the Earth
23.5 degrees
Causes the direction of the axis of the Earth to change witho…
According to the Big Bang Theory
The Universe is expanding
Seasons are caused by
The tilt of the Earth
22 terms
Earth Science (universe)
Cosmology
Edwin Hubble
Big Bang theory
Electromagnetic radiation
The study of our universe, including its properties, structur…
Found that the universe extended much further than thought.
All the energy and matter of the universe was compressed into…
Energy that travels in a wave through space
Cosmology
The study of our universe, including its properties, structur…
Edwin Hubble
Found that the universe extended much further than thought.
34 terms
Science- Universe and Earth
Big Bang Theory
Nebular Theory
1st step of Nebula Theory
2nd step of Nebula Theory
Formed the universe, big explosion, 13.7 billion years ago, p…
old stars exploded creating a nebula
gravity caused nebula to condense and spin
nebula flattened into disk
Big Bang Theory
Formed the universe, big explosion, 13.7 billion years ago, p…
Nebular Theory
old stars exploded creating a nebula
16 terms
Earth Science Topic 3 - Earth in the Universe
celestial object
universe
Big Bang Theory
Doppler effect
any object outside or above Earth's atmosphere
everything that exists in any place
states that all matter and energy started out concentrated in…
shifting of wavelengths, evidence for Big Bang Theory
celestial object
any object outside or above Earth's atmosphere
universe
everything that exists in any place
24 terms
Science- Earth in the Universe
Sun
Earth
Moon
Rotation
Is any star around which planets revolve.
the third planet from the sun. The only planet in the Solar S…
A natural body orbiting around a planet.
Is the act of spinning around an axis. Earth spins on its axi…
Sun
Is any star around which planets revolve.
Earth
the third planet from the sun. The only planet in the Solar S…
17 terms
Science - Earth and Universe
Define planets
Define stars
Define galaxy
Define nebulae
Planets = large objects that orbit stars. Do not produce thei…
Stars = massive, luminous spheres of plasma held together by…
Galaxy = enormous collections of stars, planets, gases and du…
Nebulae = clouds of dust and gas that may collapse and heat u…
Define planets
Planets = large objects that orbit stars. Do not produce thei…
Define stars
Stars = massive, luminous spheres of plasma held together by…
16 terms
science definitions earth and the universe
astronomy
geocentric
heliocentric
retrograde motion
the scientific study of the universe
describes the concept of an earth centered universe
describes the view that the sun is at the center of the solor…
the apparent west ward motion of the planets with respect to…
astronomy
the scientific study of the universe
geocentric
describes the concept of an earth centered universe
13 terms
Science The Earth and Universe
How many planets are in our solar syst…
Earths radius is
How long ago was earth formed
Our galaxy diameter is
8
6400
4.6 billion years
100000 lights year
How many planets are in our solar syst…
8
Earths radius is
6400
10 terms
science units THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE
Orbit:
Ellipse
Axis
To revolve
orbita
elipse
eje
girar
Orbit:
orbita
Ellipse
elipse
17 terms
Earth/Universe Vocabulary Science
sphere
axis
rotation
revolution
a round three dimensional object
imaginary vertical line around which Earth spins
the spinning of the Earth on its axis
Earth's yearly orbit around the Sun
sphere
a round three dimensional object
axis
imaginary vertical line around which Earth spins
24 terms
Earth science the universe
Big Bang Theory
Red Shift
Doppler Effect
Cosmic Background Radiation
the hypothesis that all matter and energy were at one time co…
shift of wavelengths of light towards the red end of the spec…
An increase (or decrease) in the frequency of sound, light, o…
radiation that is the remnant heat left over from the Big Bang.
Big Bang Theory
the hypothesis that all matter and energy were at one time co…
Red Shift
shift of wavelengths of light towards the red end of the spec…
34 terms
Earth in the Universe
Universe
How old is the Universe
Big Bang Theory
Celestial Objects
everything that exists in any place all the space, matter, an…
13.7 billion years old
state that all matter and energy started out concentrated in…
(stars, planets, ect.) were formed when gravity clumped the e…
Universe
everything that exists in any place all the space, matter, an…
How old is the Universe
13.7 billion years old
22 terms
Earth Science - The Universe
Astronomy
Cosmology
Big Bang Theory
orbital Period
The scientific study of the universe
The scientific study of the origin, structure and evolution o…
The theory that all matter and energy was compressed into a s…
the time required for a body to complete a single orbit
Astronomy
The scientific study of the universe
Cosmology
The scientific study of the origin, structure and evolution o…
26 terms
The Universe- Earth Science
Nebula
Protostar
Planetary Nebula
White Dwarf
A cloud of gas and dust in outer space, visible in the night…
A contracting mass of gas that represents an early stage in t…
A ring-shaped nebula formed by an expanding shell of gas arou…
A small very dense star that is typically the size of a planet
Nebula
A cloud of gas and dust in outer space, visible in the night…
Protostar
A contracting mass of gas that represents an early stage in t…
28 terms
Earth and Environmental Science: The Universe
Geoentric
Heliocentric
Celestial
Diurnal
The Earth is at the orbital center of all celestial bodies
The idea that the Sun is the center of the solar system
In relation to outer space from the view of astronomy
During the day
Geoentric
The Earth is at the orbital center of all celestial bodies
Heliocentric
The idea that the Sun is the center of the solar system
10 terms
Earth Science: The Universe
geocentric
heliocentric
Milky Way
Gravity
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
Describes the view that the sun is at the center of the solar…
A large spiral galaxy that is home to Earth and the rest of o…
The force of attraction between all masses in the universe
geocentric
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
heliocentric
Describes the view that the sun is at the center of the solar…
45 terms
SCIENCE UNIT 10 THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE
alimentary canal
amplitude
auxin
axon
Part of the body through which food passes.
The distance between the bottom and top of the sound wave.
A chemical made by plants that regulates their growth and dev…
The sending end of neuron cells; neuron end with little knobs…
alimentary canal
Part of the body through which food passes.
amplitude
The distance between the bottom and top of the sound wave.
20 terms
Earth Science Universe Quiz
What is our galaxy called?
What does our universe contain?
What are some evidences that supports…
Galaxy?
the Milky Way
billions of galaxies
Cosmic background radiation... Red Shift in the light from dista…
a galaxy is a group of billions of starts, dust, and gas held…
What is our galaxy called?
the Milky Way
What does our universe contain?
billions of galaxies
21 terms
EARTH SCIENCE UNIVERSE
Universe
Big bang theory
Galaxy
What's our galaxy name?
Everything that exists, including the stars and the galaxies
- universe 14 billion yrs ago... -universe continues to expand
-a collection of billions of stars, gas, and dust held togeth…
Milky Way Galaxy... (Spiral galaxy)
Universe
Everything that exists, including the stars and the galaxies
Big bang theory
- universe 14 billion yrs ago... -universe continues to expand
10 terms
Earth Science -The Universe II
Aurora
Chromosphere
Convective Zone
Corona
Colored light produced when charged particles from solar wind…
Thin layer of gasses, just above the photosphere
The area between the radiative zone and the photosphere where…
The outermost layer of the Earth's atmosphere
Aurora
Colored light produced when charged particles from solar wind…
Chromosphere
Thin layer of gasses, just above the photosphere
19 terms
Science - the earth in the universe
Planets in order
Nearest star
Orbit of the moon
Closest planets
Mercury... Venus... Earth... Mars... Jupiter... Saturn... Uranus... Neptune
4 light years
27 days ... Or ... 1 lunar month
Mercury... Venus... Earth... Mars
Planets in order
Mercury... Venus... Earth... Mars... Jupiter... Saturn... Uranus... Neptune
Nearest star
4 light years
20 terms
Earht science earth of the universe
Celestial object
Universe
The big bang theory
Doppler affect
Any object outside or above earths atmosphere
Everything that exists in any place
Matter and energy started out concentrated in a small area an…
A shifting of wave lengths To either the blue or red wavelength
Celestial object
Any object outside or above earths atmosphere
Universe
Everything that exists in any place
18 terms
Earth Science -Universe III
Neutron Star
Dark Energy
Nebula
Nova
As dense collapsed star whose electrons and protons smashed t…
A force that opposes gravity and and makes up 73% of the univ…
A large cloud of gas and dust in space where stars are born
A large explosion on a star that make it brighter
Neutron Star
As dense collapsed star whose electrons and protons smashed t…
Dark Energy
A force that opposes gravity and and makes up 73% of the univ…
20 terms
Earth Science Universe Vocab
Circumpolar
Sunspot
Revolution
Rotation
A term describing a star that neither rises nor sets but appe…
a cooler darker spot appearing periodically on the sun's phot…
The movement of an object around another object
The spinning motion of a planet on its axis
Circumpolar
A term describing a star that neither rises nor sets but appe…
Sunspot
a cooler darker spot appearing periodically on the sun's phot…
48 terms
Earth Science- Universe
Heliocentric
Geocentric
Zenith
Horizon
the sun is at the center of the solar system
WRONG, the earth is at the center of the solar sytem
The point directly above observer
The edge or rim of the hemisphere
Heliocentric
the sun is at the center of the solar system
Geocentric
WRONG, the earth is at the center of the solar sytem
18 terms
4th Grade Science: Earth in the Universe
rotation
day
orbit
gravity
turning on an axis
24 hours-the time earth takes to make one complete rotation.
movement around an object
the force that pulls objects down
rotation
turning on an axis
day
24 hours-the time earth takes to make one complete rotation.
30 terms
Science Sound Universe Earth
The distance between like parts of a w…
The number of waves that go past a giv…
What is the correct units for frequency
For a sound wave a higher pitch means…
Wavelength
Frequency
Hertz
Higher frequency
The distance between like parts of a w…
Wavelength
The number of waves that go past a giv…
Frequency
8 terms
Earth Science ~ Universe
Giants
Super Giants
White Dwarf
Black Dwarf
A type o star that is in the second stage of star development…
Anywhere from 100 to 1000 times the diameter of the sun. Thes…
Small, hot, low luminosity. They represent the last stage of…
When a white dwarf cools and no longer emits energy. It is dead
Giants
A type o star that is in the second stage of star development…
Super Giants
Anywhere from 100 to 1000 times the diameter of the sun. Thes…
12 terms
Earth science universe
Inner planets
Outer planets
Kuiper belt
Nebular hypothesis
Mercury Mars earth Venus
Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune
Circle of debris on the outer edge of the solar system
Widely accepted model for how the solar system formed out of…
Inner planets
Mercury Mars earth Venus
Outer planets
Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune
26 terms
Earth Science Universe
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Parsec (pc)
Light year (ly)
What are the parts of our solar system?
Unit of length that is approximately equal to the distance fr…
Unit of length used to compare the brightness of stars
Unit of length; distance that light travels in ONE YEAR. Trav…
Nebulae, sun (AKA star), asteroids, comets, meteoroids, plane…
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Unit of length that is approximately equal to the distance fr…
Parsec (pc)
Unit of length used to compare the brightness of stars
15 terms
Earth Science Universe Quiz
What is the Big Bang Theory?
When was the BBT?
What evidence is there of the BBT?
What is Red-shift?
the whole universe was originally packed into one dense spher…
13.7 billion years ago
red-shift and cosmic background radiation
when an object that is moving away from us has an apparent re…
What is the Big Bang Theory?
the whole universe was originally packed into one dense spher…
When was the BBT?
13.7 billion years ago
15 terms
Earth Science - Ch.8 - The Universe
gravity
inertia
revolution
eclipse
a force of attraction between objects
the tendency of a moving object to keep moving in a straight…
one complete trip of an object around another object
a time when one object moves in front of another in space
gravity
a force of attraction between objects
inertia
the tendency of a moving object to keep moving in a straight…
12 terms
Earth Science: Stars, galaxies, and the Universe
constellations
sound waves
pulsar
protostar
Patterns of stars in the sky.
Not a part of the electromagnetic spectrum.
A neutron star that appears to produce pulses of radio waves
the earliest stage of a star's "life"
constellations
Patterns of stars in the sky.
sound waves
Not a part of the electromagnetic spectrum.
12 terms
Topic 3 Earth Science The Universe
Asteroid
Big bang Theory
Celestial object
Comet
a small rocky body orbiting the sun independently
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
bodies outside Earth's atmosphere (examples the sun, moon, ea…
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun
Asteroid
a small rocky body orbiting the sun independently
Big bang Theory
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
23 terms
Earth in the Universe
Sun
Earth
Moon
Rotation
A typical star that is the source of light and heat for the p…
The third planet from the sun. The only planet with liquid wa…
A natural satellite that revolves around a planet.
CIRCULAR MOVEMENT AROUND AN AXIS
Sun
A typical star that is the source of light and heat for the p…
Earth
The third planet from the sun. The only planet with liquid wa…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 30: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Star
Doppler Effect
Light-Year
Parallax
A large celestial body that is composed of gas that emits light
An observed change in the frequency of a wave when the source…
The distance that light travels in one year
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
Star
A large celestial body that is composed of gas that emits light
Doppler Effect
An observed change in the frequency of a wave when the source…
Science Unit 7: THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE
Comets
Stars
Constellations
Nebulae
Are small celestial bodies made of ice, dust and gases.
Are enormous spheres in which nuclear fusion takes place.
Are groups of stars.
Are gas clouds which reflect the light emitted by the stars a…
Comets
Are small celestial bodies made of ice, dust and gases.
Stars
Are enormous spheres in which nuclear fusion takes place.
44 terms
Earth Science Chapter 21 (Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe)
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
a device that makes distant objects appear closer
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
light that you can see
the distance between the crest of one wave to another
telescope
a device that makes distant objects appear closer
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
60 terms
The Universe and Stars; Earth Science 224
Big Bang Theory
Nebular Hypothesis
What is the universe doing at all times?
Creation Moment
The theory of how the universe was formed
The theory of how the solar system was formed
Expanding
The moment that the Big Bang occurred
Big Bang Theory
The theory of how the universe was formed
Nebular Hypothesis
The theory of how the solar system was formed
15 terms
Science: Earth and Universe - Motion of Planets
Kepler's First Law
Kepler's Second Law
Law of Gravitation
Eccentric Orbits
The planets orbital the sun in elliptical paths with the sun…
The area formed by a line that connects the center of the pla…
Sir Isaac Newton - Every object in the universe is attracted…
Orbits that have a greater change in velocity
Kepler's First Law
The planets orbital the sun in elliptical paths with the sun…
Kepler's Second Law
The area formed by a line that connects the center of the pla…
35 terms
Earth Science - The Universe, Stars and Planets
What is at the center of the solar sys…
How many planets are in our solar syst…
What are the four inner planets?
What are the four outer planets?
Jupiter
8 - Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and…
Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune
What is at the center of the solar sys…
Jupiter
How many planets are in our solar syst…
8 - Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and…
7 terms
Earth in the Universe
Solar eclipse
Lunar eclipse
Natural satellite
Atmosphere
Occurs when the Moon passes directly between the Sun and Eart…
Occurs whenever the Moon passes through the Earth's shadow
a natural occurring celestial body orbiting another of larger…
Layers of air surrounding the earth.
Solar eclipse
Occurs when the Moon passes directly between the Sun and Eart…
Lunar eclipse
Occurs whenever the Moon passes through the Earth's shadow
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