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Study sets matching "anesthesia chapter 17"

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Study sets matching "anesthesia chapter 17"

57 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 17
Systemic complications of local anesth…
Localized complications of local anest…
Needle Breakage:
Reasons for needle breakage?
-overdose... -allergy... -Psychogenic reactions (mental reaction th…
-Needle breakage... -Prolonged anesthesia or paresthesia (sensat…
-Less breakage due to non-reusable stainless steel needles be…
1. Intentional bending... 2. Sudden movement by patient... 3. Force…
Systemic complications of local anesth…
-overdose... -allergy... -Psychogenic reactions (mental reaction th…
Localized complications of local anest…
-Needle breakage... -Prolonged anesthesia or paresthesia (sensat…
17 terms
Chapter 17 - Adjuncts to Anesthesia
Aspiration pneumonia volume and pH
H1 receptor activates via which receptor
H2 receptor activates via which receptor
H1 receptor antagonists, types
25mL and pH less than 2.5
Phospholipase C
increases intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP).
diphenhydramine, dimenhydrinate, chlorpheniramine, hydroxyzin…
Aspiration pneumonia volume and pH
25mL and pH less than 2.5
H1 receptor activates via which receptor
Phospholipase C
12 terms
Chapter 17: Drug Interactions with General Anesthesia
bacitracin, aminoglycosides, polymyxin B
antihypertensives
epinephrine and dopamine
hypotension
General anesthesia along with this can cause excessive muscle…
General anesthesia along with this can cause hypotension
General anesthesia along with these can cause cardiac dysrhyt…
General anesthesia along with corticosteroids can cause?
bacitracin, aminoglycosides, polymyxin B
General anesthesia along with this can cause excessive muscle…
antihypertensives
General anesthesia along with this can cause hypotension
32 terms
VT 17 anesthesia chapter 3
Lossof sesnation, unconciousness
Effect
Chemistry
Class
An anestgetic agent is and drug used to induce a ________ wit…
Many drugs produce more than one ______
Drugs are grouped into classification based on their ________
Drugs in the same _______ will have similar effects and adver…
Lossof sesnation, unconciousness
An anestgetic agent is and drug used to induce a ________ wit…
Effect
Many drugs produce more than one ______
14 terms
Anesthesia Ch 17-18
Complications that occur in the region…
Complications that are attributed to t…
Complication that is experienced by th…
Complication that is apparent after th…
Localized complication
Systemic complications
Primary complication
Secondary complication
Complications that occur in the region…
Localized complication
Complications that are attributed to t…
Systemic complications
21 terms
Pharm II ch 17 Anesthesia
Anesthesia defintion
Anesthetic drugs define
Topical
Local infiltration
Loss of feeling or sensation, can be complete or partial
Eliminate the sensation of pain
Applied to surface, open area, mucous membranes
Injected into tissues; dental procedures
Anesthesia defintion
Loss of feeling or sensation, can be complete or partial
Anesthetic drugs define
Eliminate the sensation of pain
27 terms
West Transformed Chapter 17
16th amendment
17th amendment
18th Amendment
19th amenment
Gave the congress the right to create a graduated income tax.
Populist call for the direct election of anesthesia by voters…
Outlawed the production and sale of alcohol
Women are allowed to vote
16th amendment
Gave the congress the right to create a graduated income tax.
17th amendment
Populist call for the direct election of anesthesia by voters…
67 terms
Chapter 16 Anesthesia
Add-on codes
Anesthesiologist assistant
Anesthesiologist
Anesthesia time
Procedures that commonly are carried out in addition to the p…
A health professional who has completed successfully an accre…
A physician licensed to practice medicine and has completed a…
Begins when the anesthesiologist (or anesthesia provider) beg…
Add-on codes
Procedures that commonly are carried out in addition to the p…
Anesthesiologist assistant
A health professional who has completed successfully an accre…
38 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 1
Anesthesia is used to provide what?
Who gave the first successful demonstr…
Inhalation anesthesia was not an accep…
Levels of anesthesia are often called…
sedation, tranquilization, immobility, muscle relaxation, unc…
Dr. William T.G. Morton... October 16, 1846
early twentieth century.
The Ladder
Anesthesia is used to provide what?
sedation, tranquilization, immobility, muscle relaxation, unc…
Who gave the first successful demonstr…
Dr. William T.G. Morton... October 16, 1846
106 terms
Chapter 16: Anesthesia
Add-on Codes
Anestesiologist Assistant
Anesthesiologist
Anesthesia Time
Procedures commonly carried out in addition to the primary pr…
A health professional who has completed an accredited Anesthe…
A physician who is licensed to practice and has completed an…
Begins when the anesthesiologist (or anesthesia provider) beg…
Add-on Codes
Procedures commonly carried out in addition to the primary pr…
Anestesiologist Assistant
A health professional who has completed an accredited Anesthe…
36 terms
Ch 17 Local anesthesia complications and management
local anesthesia complications
needle breakage
management of needle breakage
how to prevent breakage
-needle breakage... -burning during injection... -pain during injec…
-bending the needle... -sudden movement by the client, defective…
-remain calm... -instruct client to stay open... -needle can usuall…
-do not bend needles... -use larger, long needles for injections…
local anesthesia complications
-needle breakage... -burning during injection... -pain during injec…
needle breakage
-bending the needle... -sudden movement by the client, defective…
20 terms
Anesthesia chapter 4
When the oxygen tank is half full, the…
Nitrous oxide is present in the tank as:
The amount of oxygen an animal is rece…
Flow meters that have a ball for readi…
1100psi
Liquid and gas
Flow meter
Middle
When the oxygen tank is half full, the…
1100psi
Nitrous oxide is present in the tank as:
Liquid and gas
46 terms
local complications continued (local anesthesia chpt 17)
minimal to no sensory loss , cosmetic…
to prevent this the needle must come i…
commonly caused by deposit of anesthet…
contacts should be removed because eye…
facial n paralysis
facial n paralysis
facial n paralysis
facial n paralysis
minimal to no sensory loss , cosmetic…
facial n paralysis
to prevent this the needle must come i…
facial n paralysis
36 terms
Ch 17 Local anesthesia complications and management
local anesthesia complications
needle breakage
management of needle breakage
how to prevent breakage
-needle breakage... -burning during injection... -pain during injec…
-bending the needle... -sudden movement by the client, defective…
-remain calm... -instruct client to stay open... -needle can usuall…
-do not bend needles... -use larger, long needles for injections…
local anesthesia complications
-needle breakage... -burning during injection... -pain during injec…
needle breakage
-bending the needle... -sudden movement by the client, defective…
25 terms
NUR 330 Ch 17 Pain and anesthesia
Factors influencing pain
Position and movement
Counter pressure
Intradermal sterile water injections
cultural practices and beliefs... anxiety and fear... previous expe…
walking, sitting, standing, birthing ball, squatting are posi…
rubbing the back while the woman is leaning over during a con…
water is injected into four different sites on the lower back…
Factors influencing pain
cultural practices and beliefs... anxiety and fear... previous expe…
Position and movement
walking, sitting, standing, birthing ball, squatting are posi…
36 terms
Ch 17 Local anesthesia complications and management
local anesthesia complications
needle breakage
management of needle breakage
how to prevent breakage
-needle breakage... -burning during injection... -pain during injec…
-bending the needle... -sudden movement by the client, defective…
-remain calm... -instruct client to stay open... -needle can usuall…
-do not bend needles... -use larger, long needles for injections…
local anesthesia complications
-needle breakage... -burning during injection... -pain during injec…
needle breakage
-bending the needle... -sudden movement by the client, defective…
36 terms
Ch 17 Local anesthesia complications and management
local anesthesia complications
needle breakage
management of needle breakage
how to prevent breakage
-needle breakage... -burning during injection... -pain during injec…
-bending the needle... -sudden movement by the client, defective…
-remain calm... -instruct client to stay open... -needle can usuall…
-do not bend needles... -use larger, long needles for injections…
local anesthesia complications
-needle breakage... -burning during injection... -pain during injec…
needle breakage
-bending the needle... -sudden movement by the client, defective…
122 terms
LA Chapter 17- Local Complications
with any complication with the adminis…
for chronic complications, when should…
needle breakage is
on a report of 20 cases of needle brea…
note should be entered in patients chart
whenever the patient is re-evaluated
an extremely rare complication
15 were IANB, 5 were PSANB
with any complication with the adminis…
note should be entered in patients chart
for chronic complications, when should…
whenever the patient is re-evaluated
37 terms
Chapter 17
benzoyl peroxide (Benzac)
salicyclic acid (clearacil)
adapalene (Differin)
trentinoin (Retin-A)
topical drug for acne vulgaris
topical drug for acne vulgaris
vitamin A drug for acne vulgaris
vitamin A drug for acne vulgaris
benzoyl peroxide (Benzac)
topical drug for acne vulgaris
salicyclic acid (clearacil)
topical drug for acne vulgaris
33 terms
Chapter 17
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurotransmitter
Somatic nervous system
Consisting of the brain and spinal cord
Consisting of all nervous tissue outside the brain and spinal…
When energy is passed from one cell to another
Controls skeletal muscles
Central nervous system
Consisting of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
Consisting of all nervous tissue outside the brain and spinal…
10 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 11
Infiltration injections
Field Block injections
Nerve Block injections
Elements of informed consent
involve the deposition of local anesthetic drug directly at o…
involve deposition of anesthetic drugs near larger terminal n…
involve depositions near major nerve trunks at a greater dist…
1. use language pt can understand... 2. let pt ask questions... 3.…
Infiltration injections
involve the deposition of local anesthetic drug directly at o…
Field Block injections
involve deposition of anesthetic drugs near larger terminal n…
16 terms
PN270 Chapter 17
The licensed practical nurse (LPN) is…
The LPN is caring for a patient who wi…
The patient is a smoker who is schedul…
The postoperative patient is exhibitin…
Reason for the surgery... Rationale: Although all of the interv…
Admitted for surgery... Rationale: Discharge planning should st…
Pulmonary complications... Rationale: Smoking increases the ris…
Check the patient's allergy alert bracelet... Rationale: During…
The licensed practical nurse (LPN) is…
Reason for the surgery... Rationale: Although all of the interv…
The LPN is caring for a patient who wi…
Admitted for surgery... Rationale: Discharge planning should st…
133 terms
Physiology - Chapter 17
Gas exchange between the lungs and the…
Is it true that respiratory air flow o…
In its simplest form, what relationshi…
Compared to their partial pressures in…
Alveoli
It is mostly true; the main differences are related to the fa…
They are inversely proportional
Lower (PO2) and higher (PCO2)
Gas exchange between the lungs and the…
Alveoli
Is it true that respiratory air flow o…
It is mostly true; the main differences are related to the fa…
12 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 11 vocab
Aspirate on two planes
Deposit location
Depth of needle penetration
Field block
The procedure of rotating the barrel of the syringe 45 degree…
Target area where local anesthetic will be deposited
Describes needle depth covered in tissue when target area is…
Form of regional anesthesia deposited near large terminal ner…
Aspirate on two planes
The procedure of rotating the barrel of the syringe 45 degree…
Deposit location
Target area where local anesthetic will be deposited
Chapter 17
visceral pain in the first stage of la…
somatic pain during the second stage o…
pain experienced during third stage of…
consequences of unrelieved pain during…
pain felt from distention of the lower uterine segment, stret…
distention and traction on the peritoneum and uterocervical s…
uterine pain that is similar to pain felt early in the first…
placental perfusion may decrease, and uterine activity may di…
visceral pain in the first stage of la…
pain felt from distention of the lower uterine segment, stret…
somatic pain during the second stage o…
distention and traction on the peritoneum and uterocervical s…
15 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 10 vocab
Anastomosis/Anastomoses
Arteriole
Artery
Canal
Connecting channel(s) among the blood vessels
Smaller vessels of the artery
Component of the vascular system that arises from the heart,…
Opening in bone that is long, narrow, and tube like
Anastomosis/Anastomoses
Connecting channel(s) among the blood vessels
Arteriole
Smaller vessels of the artery
82 terms
Surgery and Anesthesia Chapter 1
local anesthesia
general anesthesia
indications
contraindications
total loss of sensation in a body part
total loss of sensation in the entire body
reason for believing that a particular course of action is de…
any factor that in a patient's condition that makes it unwise…
local anesthesia
total loss of sensation in a body part
general anesthesia
total loss of sensation in the entire body
20 terms
Anesthesia chapter 4
When the oxygen tank is half full, the…
Nitrous oxide is present in the tank as:
The amount of oxygen an animal is rece…
Flow meters that have a ball for readi…
1100psi
Liquid and gas
Flow meter
Middle
When the oxygen tank is half full, the…
1100psi
Nitrous oxide is present in the tank as:
Liquid and gas
15 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 12 vocab
Anterior middle superior alveolar (AMS…
Anterior superior alveolar (ASA)s block
Crossover-innervation
Deposit location
Type of injection that anesthetizes most of the maxillary tee…
Type of injection that anesthetizes the maxillary anterior te…
Overlap of terminal nerve fibers from the contralateral side
Target area where local anesthetic will be deposited
Anterior middle superior alveolar (AMS…
Type of injection that anesthetizes most of the maxillary tee…
Anterior superior alveolar (ASA)s block
Type of injection that anesthetizes the maxillary anterior te…
7 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 4 vocab
Levonordefrin
Maximum recommended dose
Norepinephrine
Relative contraindication
A synthetic catecholamine manufactured in the United States a…
Maximum dose of drug recommended for a patient depending on t…
Naturally occurring catecholamine affecting primarily omega r…
The administration of the offending drug may be used judiciou…
Levonordefrin
A synthetic catecholamine manufactured in the United States a…
Maximum recommended dose
Maximum dose of drug recommended for a patient depending on t…
15 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 3 Vocab
Amide local anesthetic
Anion
Cation
Dissociation constant (pK)
A local anesthetic agent made from a specific class of chemic…
Base form of local anesthetic (lipid soluble and penetrates t…
Acid form of the local anesthetic (water soluble and active f…
Represents the pH at which 50% of the molecules exist in the…
Amide local anesthetic
A local anesthetic agent made from a specific class of chemic…
Anion
Base form of local anesthetic (lipid soluble and penetrates t…
74 terms
Chapter 3 anesthesia
What are the purposes of preanesthetics?
Preanesthetic medications route of adm…
How long does it take for SC onset
How long does it take for IM onset
calm or sedate excited animal, minimize adverse drug effects,…
SC ( slowest onset, longest duration) IM (faster onset, short…
30 min
15-20 min
What are the purposes of preanesthetics?
calm or sedate excited animal, minimize adverse drug effects,…
Preanesthetic medications route of adm…
SC ( slowest onset, longest duration) IM (faster onset, short…
45 terms
Anesthesia - Chapter 4
A flexible tube, placed inside the tra…
Benefits of using an ET tube:
Two types of Endotracheal tubes:
Endotracheal tubes are commonly expres…
Endotracheal tube
-Maintain an open airway... -Decrease anatomical dead space... -Pre…
-Murphy eye... -Cole tubes (no cuff)
Millimeters
A flexible tube, placed inside the tra…
Endotracheal tube
Benefits of using an ET tube:
-Maintain an open airway... -Decrease anatomical dead space... -Pre…
11 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 7 vocab
Absolute contraindication
Bradycardia
Cardiac dose
Concomitant
The offending drug should not be administered to the individu…
Decreased heart rate
A vasoconstrictor dose that can be administered safely to pat…
Two or more drugs in the systemic circulation at the same time
Absolute contraindication
The offending drug should not be administered to the individu…
Bradycardia
Decreased heart rate
Anesthesia 2 VT17
VMB Anestesia standards
When can ET tube be removed
How to prevent Hypostatic congestion... (…
Normal anesthetic values for canine... HR…
1) 12hrs prior patient should have physical exam and should b…
When swallowing reflex returns... Brachycephalic-may leave in pl…
Turn patient q 5-10 mins
HR 60-150... RR 8-20... Heart rhythm NSR or SA... TEMP 97-100 F
VMB Anestesia standards
1) 12hrs prior patient should have physical exam and should b…
When can ET tube be removed
When swallowing reflex returns... Brachycephalic-may leave in pl…
27 terms
VT 17 Anesthesia TEST
Loss of consciousness
Prevent vomiting, decrease tear produc…
Buprenorphine
Minimal cardiac depression
What is general anesthesia?
What are four effects of anticholinergics?
What drug would have the strongest analgesic effect in a dog?
What effect is an advantage associated with the use of ketami…
Loss of consciousness
What is general anesthesia?
Prevent vomiting, decrease tear produc…
What are four effects of anticholinergics?
14 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 13 vocab
Buccal block
Crossover-innervation
Deposit location
Depth of needle penetration
Type of injection that anesthetizes the buccal soft tissue of…
Overlap of terminal nerve fibers from the contralateral side
Target area where local anesthetic will be deposited
Describes needle depth covered in tissue when target area is…
Buccal block
Type of injection that anesthetizes the buccal soft tissue of…
Crossover-innervation
Overlap of terminal nerve fibers from the contralateral side
14 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 5 vocab
Absolute contraindication
Amide
Ester
Generic
The offending drug should not be administered to the individu…
A class of local anesthetics that are generally metabolized i…
A class of local anesthetics that are metabolized by plasma c…
A nonproprietary name
Absolute contraindication
The offending drug should not be administered to the individu…
Amide
A class of local anesthetics that are generally metabolized i…
10 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 6 vocab
Benzocaine
Butamben
Dyclonine hydrochloride
Eutectic mixtures
A common ester topical anesthetic
An ester topical anesthetic; often combined with other topica…
A ketone topical anesthetic
Mixture of two elements that have a lower melting point than…
Benzocaine
A common ester topical anesthetic
Butamben
An ester topical anesthetic; often combined with other topica…
16 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 14 vocab
Allergens or antigens
Diaphoresis
Edema
Hematoma
Noninfectious foreign substance that trigger hypersensitivity
Excessive sweating
Abnormal accumulation of fluid beneath the skin causing swell…
Swelling that develops when a blood vessel, particularly an a…
Allergens or antigens
Noninfectious foreign substance that trigger hypersensitivity
Diaphoresis
Excessive sweating
8 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Human needs paradigm
Local anesthesia
Pain
Pain control
Relationship between human need fulfillment and human behavior
Loss of sensation in a circumscribed area, creating a numbing…
An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience
The mechanism to alleviate pain
Human needs paradigm
Relationship between human need fulfillment and human behavior
Local anesthesia
Loss of sensation in a circumscribed area, creating a numbing…
54 terms
Chapter 8 Anesthesia
Rules of patient prep
Anesthetic protocol
What should be included in a anestheti…
What is included in the minimum patien…
don't take shortcuts, don't skip steps, incomplete patient pr…
list of anesthetics and adjuvants prescribed for a patient
doses, routes, order of admin, vet in charge, MPD, emergency…
history, diagnosis, and physical exam
Rules of patient prep
don't take shortcuts, don't skip steps, incomplete patient pr…
Anesthetic protocol
list of anesthetics and adjuvants prescribed for a patient
54 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 6
Local Anesthesia:
Indications that local anesthesia woul…
Local anesthesia works mostly on
Advantages of Local anesthesia
the use of a chemical agent on sensory neurons to disrupt ner…
if general anesthesia is to risky, means to deliver anesthesi…
sensory neurons
inexpensive, minimal patient recovery time, low cardiovascula…
Local Anesthesia:
the use of a chemical agent on sensory neurons to disrupt ner…
Indications that local anesthesia woul…
if general anesthesia is to risky, means to deliver anesthesi…
63 terms
Chapter 24 - Anesthesia
What is the principal disadvantage of…
What two drugs are the components of h…
What does USP stand for?
Name 2 disscociative agents commonly u…
need to restrain twice
Fentanyl-fluanisone
United State Pharmacopeia
ketamine and tiletamine
What is the principal disadvantage of…
need to restrain twice
What two drugs are the components of h…
Fentanyl-fluanisone
12 terms
Anesthesia-Chapter 13 Review
1. Waste anesthetic gases are a potent…
2. Long-term toxicity of inhalation an…
3. The anesthetic most clearly associa…
4. In the United States, the National…
False
True
d. Nitrous oxide
b. 2
1. Waste anesthetic gases are a potent…
False
2. Long-term toxicity of inhalation an…
True
5 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 15 vocab
Occupational exposure
Primary prevention
Qualified health care professional
Secondary prevention
A percutaneous injury (e.g., needle stick or cut with a sharp…
Strive to use all protocols to prevent the injury from occurr…
Designated qualified health care professional responsible for…
Strive to contain the injury
Occupational exposure
A percutaneous injury (e.g., needle stick or cut with a sharp…
Primary prevention
Strive to use all protocols to prevent the injury from occurr…
13 terms
Chapter 17 Dermatologic
Benzoyl peroxide
Coal tar
Methotrexate
Bactroban
Used for acne
Used for psoriasis
Used for psoriasis
Is an Topical Antibiotic
Benzoyl peroxide
Used for acne
Coal tar
Used for psoriasis
72 terms
Anesthesia chapter 20
If a patient has been pre-medicated, t…
The aspirating syringe is the most com…
Cartridges that have been frozen will…
Cartridges should be immersed in 70 pe…
False
True
False
True
If a patient has been pre-medicated, t…
False
The aspirating syringe is the most com…
True
30 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 2 vocab
Absolute refractory period
Action Potential
Afferent nerves
Autonomic nervous system (ANS)
The interval during which a second action potential absolutel…
Nerve impulse
Conduct signals from sensory neurons to the spinal cord or br…
The part of the peripheral nervous system that acts as a cont…
Absolute refractory period
The interval during which a second action potential absolutel…
Action Potential
Nerve impulse
46 terms
local complications continued (local anesthesia chpt 17) copy
minimal to no sensory loss , cosmetic…
to prevent this the needle must come i…
commonly caused by deposit of anesthet…
contacts should be removed because eye…
facial n paralysis
facial n paralysis
facial n paralysis
facial n paralysis
minimal to no sensory loss , cosmetic…
facial n paralysis
to prevent this the needle must come i…
facial n paralysis
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