Study sets matching "anesthesia chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "anesthesia chapter 6"

54 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 6
Local Anesthesia:
Indications that local anesthesia woul…
Local anesthesia works mostly on
Advantages of Local anesthesia
the use of a chemical agent on sensory neurons to disrupt ner…
if general anesthesia is to risky, means to deliver anesthesi…
sensory neurons
inexpensive, minimal patient recovery time, low cardiovascula…
Local Anesthesia:
the use of a chemical agent on sensory neurons to disrupt ner…
Indications that local anesthesia woul…
if general anesthesia is to risky, means to deliver anesthesi…
Anesthesia Chapter 6 vocab
Benzocaine
Butamben
Dyclonine hydrochloride
Eutectic mixtures
A common ester topical anesthetic
An ester topical anesthetic; often combined with other topica…
A ketone topical anesthetic
Mixture of two elements that have a lower melting point than…
Benzocaine
A common ester topical anesthetic
Butamben
An ester topical anesthetic; often combined with other topica…
110 terms
Chapter 6 Topical Anesthesia
Topical
Uses of topical anesthetic
True OR False: ... Topical anesthetics ca…
True OR False:... Topical anesthetics are…
implies that the anesthetic will be applied to a body surface…
-before local anesthetic injection... -tx of minor injuries to t…
False; Topical anesthetics should not replace local anesthesi…
True; people of all ages can use them to ease pain from canke…
Topical
implies that the anesthetic will be applied to a body surface…
Uses of topical anesthetic
-before local anesthetic injection... -tx of minor injuries to t…
Local Anesthesia Chapter 6
Which of the following topical anesthe…
Benzocaine is available in which of th…
Which of the following statements is i…
Which of the following topical anesthe…
Lidocaine
-Cream... -Gel... -Spray
The more topical placed at the site of needle penetration the…
Lidocaine/prilocaine
Which of the following topical anesthe…
Lidocaine
Benzocaine is available in which of th…
-Cream... -Gel... -Spray
34 terms
Chapter 6 Anesthesia and Narcotics
Addiction
Afferent system
Alpha receptors (alpha-adrenergic rece…
Amide
A compulsive disorder that leads to continued use of a drug d…
The nerves and sense organs that bring information to the CNS…
Nerve receptors that control vasoconstriction, pupil dilation…
A compound containing a -COHN- group; a longer-acting local a…
Addiction
A compulsive disorder that leads to continued use of a drug d…
Afferent system
The nerves and sense organs that bring information to the CNS…
59 terms
anesthesia chapter 6
Topical anesthetic
Dental advantages of topical anesthetic
Ideal Properties of an Intraoral Topic…
Mechanism of Action of Topical Anesth…
Anesthetic that is applied to a body surface such as the skin…
Pain control ... Increased patient comfort... Reduction of patient'…
nonallergenic... produce no local damage to tissue... allow pain-fr…
Blocking nerve conduction at the surface of the skin or mucou…
Topical anesthetic
Anesthetic that is applied to a body surface such as the skin…
Dental advantages of topical anesthetic
Pain control ... Increased patient comfort... Reduction of patient'…
55 terms
Chapter 6-12 Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians
Local Anesthesia
Sensory Neuron
Motor Neuron
Infiltration
A loss of sensation in a small area of the body produced by a…
A neuron that conveys sensations from the skin, muscles, and…
A neuron that conveys impulses from the brain to the muscle f…
Injection of local anesthetic into tissues, often in proximit…
Local Anesthesia
A loss of sensation in a small area of the body produced by a…
Sensory Neuron
A neuron that conveys sensations from the skin, muscles, and…
29 terms
basics of anesthesia Chapter 6: cardiac/pulmonary physiology
what are the two equations for MAP?
what is the equation for calculating S…
what is the equation for cardiac output?
what is a normal ejection fraction?
MAP = SVR x CO, MAP = diastolic BP + 1/3 (systolic - diastolic)
SVR = 80 x (MAP - CVP / CO)
CO = HR x SV
60-70%
what are the two equations for MAP?
MAP = SVR x CO, MAP = diastolic BP + 1/3 (systolic - diastolic)
what is the equation for calculating S…
SVR = 80 x (MAP - CVP / CO)
Understanding Anesthesia Equipment Chapter 6 Vaporizers
vaporizer
saturated vapor pressure
boiling point
what are anesthetic agents with lower…
a device that changes a liquid anesthetic agent into vapor an…
molecules of the liquid break away from the surface and enter…
the temperature at which its vapor pressure is equal to the a…
variations in barometric pressure
vaporizer
a device that changes a liquid anesthetic agent into vapor an…
saturated vapor pressure
molecules of the liquid break away from the surface and enter…
Chapter 6 Anesthesia Agents Used During Surgery
bupivacaine (Marcaine); Marcaine plain
Hurricane spray
lidocaine; (Xylocaine); lidocaine with…
lidocaine with epinephrine
local anestheitic used in regional analgesia
brand name for a spray-type anesthetic
regional anesthetic agent that can be used locally or in IV f…
lidocaine with added epinephrine for vasoconstriction, decrea…
bupivacaine (Marcaine); Marcaine plain
local anestheitic used in regional analgesia
Hurricane spray
brand name for a spray-type anesthetic
21 terms
Anesthesia Ch 6
bevel
What describes the bevel?
the greater the angle of the bevel, th…
shank or shaft
defines the point or tip of the needle
long, medium, short
deflection
consists of the diameter of the needle lumen and the length o…
bevel
defines the point or tip of the needle
What describes the bevel?
long, medium, short
111 terms
Pediatric Anesthesia: Chapter CHAPTER 6
General Considerations for Premature I…
Premature Infants
Sick neonates- anesthetic of choice is…
Respiratory immaturity:
-Respiratory immaturity... -Cardiovascular immaturity... -Limited g…
Frequently patients who are preterm may have a number of path…
paralysis and narcotics (IV agents only)
-35-36 wks. Surfactant peaks (born before this lung function…
General Considerations for Premature I…
-Respiratory immaturity... -Cardiovascular immaturity... -Limited g…
Premature Infants
Frequently patients who are preterm may have a number of path…
Hall and Chantigan Chapter 6 - General Anesthesia
418. A 78-year-old patient with a hist…
419. Select the true statement.... A. Di…
420. A 56-year-old patient with a hist…
421. Normal tracheal capillary pressur…
418.... (B)... Patients with insulin-dependent diabetes and noninsu…
419.... (E)... Dibucaine is an amide-type local anesthetic that inh…
420.... (D)... All hypotension can be broadly broken down into two…
421.... (C)... Tracheal capillary arteriolar pressure (25-35 mm Hg)…
418. A 78-year-old patient with a hist…
418.... (B)... Patients with insulin-dependent diabetes and noninsu…
419. Select the true statement.... A. Di…
419.... (E)... Dibucaine is an amide-type local anesthetic that inh…
Anesthesia notes ch.6
what is the difference between assiste…
what is normal ventilation?
what is the active phase of normal ven…
what is the passive phase of normal ve…
Assisted: help animal to take extra breath ... Continuous: comp…
Physical movement of air into and out of the lungs and upper…
-Inhalation ... -Initiated by increased PaCO2 (partial pressure…
-Exhalation (diaphragm and intercostals relax)... -No active mus…
what is the difference between assiste…
Assisted: help animal to take extra breath ... Continuous: comp…
what is normal ventilation?
Physical movement of air into and out of the lungs and upper…
13 terms
Local anesthesia ch 6
vasocostrictor
epinephrine
catecholamine
levonordefrin
local anesthetic drug... -constrict local vessels which increase…
-represents benchmark for vasoconstrictors in dental local an…
aka neurotransmitter
-suitable substitute... -synthetic catecholamine... -stimulate adre…
vasocostrictor
local anesthetic drug... -constrict local vessels which increase…
epinephrine
-represents benchmark for vasoconstrictors in dental local an…
46 terms
Surgical anesthesia-Ch.6 Local anesthesia
How does local anesthesia work?
Name 3 local anesthetics:
What is the onset duration of lidocaine?
What is the onset & duration of Bupivi…
Acts on PNS or spinal cord, NOT on brain. Loss of sensation,…
Lidocaine, Bupivicaine, mepivicaine.
Onset: rapid... Duration: 1-2hrs
Onset: 20mins... Duration: up to 6 hrs
How does local anesthesia work?
Acts on PNS or spinal cord, NOT on brain. Loss of sensation,…
Name 3 local anesthetics:
Lidocaine, Bupivicaine, mepivicaine.
20 terms
Anesthesia chapter 4
When the oxygen tank is half full, the…
Nitrous oxide is present in the tank as:
The amount of oxygen an animal is rece…
Flow meters that have a ball for readi…
1100psi
Liquid and gas
Flow meter
Middle
When the oxygen tank is half full, the…
1100psi
Nitrous oxide is present in the tank as:
Liquid and gas
67 terms
Chapter 16 Anesthesia
Add-on codes
Anesthesiologist assistant
Anesthesiologist
Anesthesia time
Procedures that commonly are carried out in addition to the p…
A health professional who has completed successfully an accre…
A physician licensed to practice medicine and has completed a…
Begins when the anesthesiologist (or anesthesia provider) beg…
Add-on codes
Procedures that commonly are carried out in addition to the p…
Anesthesiologist assistant
A health professional who has completed successfully an accre…
Chapter 16: Anesthesia
Add-on Codes
Anestesiologist Assistant
Anesthesiologist
Anesthesia Time
Procedures commonly carried out in addition to the primary pr…
A health professional who has completed an accredited Anesthe…
A physician who is licensed to practice and has completed an…
Begins when the anesthesiologist (or anesthesia provider) beg…
Add-on Codes
Procedures commonly carried out in addition to the primary pr…
Anestesiologist Assistant
A health professional who has completed an accredited Anesthe…
38 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 1
Anesthesia is used to provide what?
Who gave the first successful demonstr…
Inhalation anesthesia was not an accep…
Levels of anesthesia are often called…
sedation, tranquilization, immobility, muscle relaxation, unc…
Dr. William T.G. Morton... October 16, 1846
early twentieth century.
The Ladder
Anesthesia is used to provide what?
sedation, tranquilization, immobility, muscle relaxation, unc…
Who gave the first successful demonstr…
Dr. William T.G. Morton... October 16, 1846
Local anesthesia Ch 6
Anesthetic that is applied to the body…
Uses for topical anesthetic
1. Nonallergenic ... 2. no local damage t…
Blocks nerve conductions at the surfac…
Topical Anesthetic
1. minor injuries of gingiva/oral mucosa... 2. increased comfort…
Ideal Properties of an Intraoral Topical Anesthetic
How topical anesthesia works
Anesthetic that is applied to the body…
Topical Anesthetic
Uses for topical anesthetic
1. minor injuries of gingiva/oral mucosa... 2. increased comfort…
11 terms
anesthesia quiz 6
a safe guideline when administering lo…
methemoglbinemia is a life-threatening…
what is the MRD for a vasoconstrictor…
relevant information and mathematical…
MRD (maximum recommended dose)
prilocaine
0.2 mg
height and weight (dilution percentages, standard cartridge v…
a safe guideline when administering lo…
MRD (maximum recommended dose)
methemoglbinemia is a life-threatening…
prilocaine
61 terms
6. Monitoring anesthesia equipment
Why would you want to monitor anesthes…
How often should you monitor the anest…
What are the three times you should mo…
What are the things that should be fou…
Prevent mortality and morbidity. Aid anesthetist in making go…
You should monitor and record the findings every 5 to 10.
Preoperative, intraoperative, and post operative.
• Patient information... • Physical exam findings the day of s…
Why would you want to monitor anesthes…
Prevent mortality and morbidity. Aid anesthetist in making go…
How often should you monitor the anest…
You should monitor and record the findings every 5 to 10.
10 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 11
Infiltration injections
Field Block injections
Nerve Block injections
Elements of informed consent
involve the deposition of local anesthetic drug directly at o…
involve deposition of anesthetic drugs near larger terminal n…
involve depositions near major nerve trunks at a greater dist…
1. use language pt can understand... 2. let pt ask questions... 3.…
Infiltration injections
involve the deposition of local anesthetic drug directly at o…
Field Block injections
involve deposition of anesthetic drugs near larger terminal n…
49 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 4
Local anesthetics are vaso___________
Dilation of the blood vessels causes a…
Vasodilation
Vasoconstrictor drugs provide benefici…
Dilators
An increased rate of anesthetic absorption into the bloodstre…
Esters>Bupivacaine> Articaine>Lidocaine> Mepivacaine> Priloca…
A decrease in the blood flow by constricting the blood vessel…
Local anesthetics are vaso___________
Dilators
Dilation of the blood vessels causes a…
An increased rate of anesthetic absorption into the bloodstre…
Anesthesia Chapter 11 vocab
Aspirate on two planes
Deposit location
Depth of needle penetration
Field block
The procedure of rotating the barrel of the syringe 45 degree…
Target area where local anesthetic will be deposited
Describes needle depth covered in tissue when target area is…
Form of regional anesthesia deposited near large terminal ner…
Aspirate on two planes
The procedure of rotating the barrel of the syringe 45 degree…
Deposit location
Target area where local anesthetic will be deposited
Anesthesia Chapter 10 vocab
Anastomosis/Anastomoses
Arteriole
Artery
Canal
Connecting channel(s) among the blood vessels
Smaller vessels of the artery
Component of the vascular system that arises from the heart,…
Opening in bone that is long, narrow, and tube like
Anastomosis/Anastomoses
Connecting channel(s) among the blood vessels
Arteriole
Smaller vessels of the artery
Anesthesia Chapter 4 vocab
Levonordefrin
Maximum recommended dose
Norepinephrine
Relative contraindication
A synthetic catecholamine manufactured in the United States a…
Maximum dose of drug recommended for a patient depending on t…
Naturally occurring catecholamine affecting primarily omega r…
The administration of the offending drug may be used judiciou…
Levonordefrin
A synthetic catecholamine manufactured in the United States a…
Maximum recommended dose
Maximum dose of drug recommended for a patient depending on t…
Anesthesia Chapter 3 Vocab
Amide local anesthetic
Anion
Cation
Dissociation constant (pK)
A local anesthetic agent made from a specific class of chemic…
Base form of local anesthetic (lipid soluble and penetrates t…
Acid form of the local anesthetic (water soluble and active f…
Represents the pH at which 50% of the molecules exist in the…
Amide local anesthetic
A local anesthetic agent made from a specific class of chemic…
Anion
Base form of local anesthetic (lipid soluble and penetrates t…
74 terms
Chapter 3 anesthesia
What are the purposes of preanesthetics?
Preanesthetic medications route of adm…
How long does it take for SC onset
How long does it take for IM onset
calm or sedate excited animal, minimize adverse drug effects,…
SC ( slowest onset, longest duration) IM (faster onset, short…
30 min
15-20 min
What are the purposes of preanesthetics?
calm or sedate excited animal, minimize adverse drug effects,…
Preanesthetic medications route of adm…
SC ( slowest onset, longest duration) IM (faster onset, short…
Anesthesia Chapter 12 vocab
Anterior middle superior alveolar (AMS…
Anterior superior alveolar (ASA)s block
Crossover-innervation
Deposit location
Type of injection that anesthetizes most of the maxillary tee…
Type of injection that anesthetizes the maxillary anterior te…
Overlap of terminal nerve fibers from the contralateral side
Target area where local anesthetic will be deposited
Anterior middle superior alveolar (AMS…
Type of injection that anesthetizes most of the maxillary tee…
Anterior superior alveolar (ASA)s block
Type of injection that anesthetizes the maxillary anterior te…
Anesthesia Quiz 6: maintenance of Anesthesia
What is the minimal acceptable heart r…
Recovery is the period between the dis…
At which of the mmHg readings would ca…
The anesthetists duty toward the patie…
70 BPM
False
42 mmHg
the patient is fully awake and standing.
What is the minimal acceptable heart r…
70 BPM
Recovery is the period between the dis…
False
45 terms
Anesthesia - Chapter 4
A flexible tube, placed inside the tra…
Benefits of using an ET tube:
Two types of Endotracheal tubes:
Endotracheal tubes are commonly expres…
Endotracheal tube
-Maintain an open airway... -Decrease anatomical dead space... -Pre…
-Murphy eye... -Cole tubes (no cuff)
Millimeters
A flexible tube, placed inside the tra…
Endotracheal tube
Benefits of using an ET tube:
-Maintain an open airway... -Decrease anatomical dead space... -Pre…
Anesthesia Chapter 2
Somatic Nervous System
Efferent Division
Afferent Division
Peripheral fibers
Subdivision of the efferent division of the PNS and controls…
Consists of all outgoing information along motor or efferent…
Consists of all incoming information traveling along sensory…
Nerve fibers that extend from the cell body away from the CNS
Somatic Nervous System
Subdivision of the efferent division of the PNS and controls…
Efferent Division
Consists of all outgoing information along motor or efferent…
Anesthesia Chapter 7 vocab
Absolute contraindication
Bradycardia
Cardiac dose
Concomitant
The offending drug should not be administered to the individu…
Decreased heart rate
A vasoconstrictor dose that can be administered safely to pat…
Two or more drugs in the systemic circulation at the same time
Absolute contraindication
The offending drug should not be administered to the individu…
Bradycardia
Decreased heart rate
Anesthesia Chapter 14 vocab
Allergens or antigens
Diaphoresis
Edema
Hematoma
Noninfectious foreign substance that trigger hypersensitivity
Excessive sweating
Abnormal accumulation of fluid beneath the skin causing swell…
Swelling that develops when a blood vessel, particularly an a…
Allergens or antigens
Noninfectious foreign substance that trigger hypersensitivity
Diaphoresis
Excessive sweating
Anesthesia Chapter 13 vocab
Buccal block
Crossover-innervation
Deposit location
Depth of needle penetration
Type of injection that anesthetizes the buccal soft tissue of…
Overlap of terminal nerve fibers from the contralateral side
Target area where local anesthetic will be deposited
Describes needle depth covered in tissue when target area is…
Buccal block
Type of injection that anesthetizes the buccal soft tissue of…
Crossover-innervation
Overlap of terminal nerve fibers from the contralateral side
Anesthesia Chapter 5 vocab
Absolute contraindication
Amide
Ester
Generic
The offending drug should not be administered to the individu…
A class of local anesthetics that are generally metabolized i…
A class of local anesthetics that are metabolized by plasma c…
A nonproprietary name
Absolute contraindication
The offending drug should not be administered to the individu…
Amide
A class of local anesthetics that are generally metabolized i…
54 terms
Chapter 8 Anesthesia
Rules of patient prep
Anesthetic protocol
What should be included in a anestheti…
What is included in the minimum patien…
don't take shortcuts, don't skip steps, incomplete patient pr…
list of anesthetics and adjuvants prescribed for a patient
doses, routes, order of admin, vet in charge, MPD, emergency…
history, diagnosis, and physical exam
Rules of patient prep
don't take shortcuts, don't skip steps, incomplete patient pr…
Anesthetic protocol
list of anesthetics and adjuvants prescribed for a patient
Anesthesia Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Human needs paradigm
Local anesthesia
Pain
Pain control
Relationship between human need fulfillment and human behavior
Loss of sensation in a circumscribed area, creating a numbing…
An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience
The mechanism to alleviate pain
Human needs paradigm
Relationship between human need fulfillment and human behavior
Local anesthesia
Loss of sensation in a circumscribed area, creating a numbing…
12 terms
Anesthesia-Chapter 13 Review
1. Waste anesthetic gases are a potent…
2. Long-term toxicity of inhalation an…
3. The anesthetic most clearly associa…
4. In the United States, the National…
False
True
d. Nitrous oxide
b. 2
1. Waste anesthetic gases are a potent…
False
2. Long-term toxicity of inhalation an…
True
Anesthesia Chapter 15 vocab
Occupational exposure
Primary prevention
Qualified health care professional
Secondary prevention
A percutaneous injury (e.g., needle stick or cut with a sharp…
Strive to use all protocols to prevent the injury from occurr…
Designated qualified health care professional responsible for…
Strive to contain the injury
Occupational exposure
A percutaneous injury (e.g., needle stick or cut with a sharp…
Primary prevention
Strive to use all protocols to prevent the injury from occurr…
35 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 5
Local anesthetic solutions are manufac…
Lidocaine AKA
Mepivacaine AKA
Articaine AKA
1.8 mL (or 1.8 cc) of solution... Articaine: 1.7 mL (or 1.7 cc)…
Xylocaine, Alphacaine, Octocaine
Carbocaine, Arestocaine, Isocaine, Polocaine
Septocaine, Zorcaine, Articadent
Local anesthetic solutions are manufac…
1.8 mL (or 1.8 cc) of solution... Articaine: 1.7 mL (or 1.7 cc)…
Lidocaine AKA
Xylocaine, Alphacaine, Octocaine
72 terms
Anesthesia chapter 20
If a patient has been pre-medicated, t…
The aspirating syringe is the most com…
Cartridges that have been frozen will…
Cartridges should be immersed in 70 pe…
False
True
False
True
If a patient has been pre-medicated, t…
False
The aspirating syringe is the most com…
True
Anesthesia Chapter 2 vocab
Absolute refractory period
Action Potential
Afferent nerves
Autonomic nervous system (ANS)
The interval during which a second action potential absolutel…
Nerve impulse
Conduct signals from sensory neurons to the spinal cord or br…
The part of the peripheral nervous system that acts as a cont…
Absolute refractory period
The interval during which a second action potential absolutel…
Action Potential
Nerve impulse
Anesthesia Chapter 1
Pain can be influenced by...
Pain Reaction
Pain Perception
Pain Threshold
Fear... Fatigue... Culture... Age... Emotional State
Personal interpretation and responses to the pain message tha…
Neurologic experience of pain that differs little between ind…
The point at which a sensation starts to be painful and disco…
Pain can be influenced by...
Fear... Fatigue... Culture... Age... Emotional State
Pain Reaction
Personal interpretation and responses to the pain message tha…
Anesthesia Chapter 9 vocab
Armamentarium
Aspiration test
Bevel
Breech-loading
Local anesthetic supplies, materials, and devices needed to s…
Negative pressure placed on the anesthetic syringe prior to t…
The angled surface of the needle tip
Allows the glass anesthetic cartridge to be inserted into the…
Armamentarium
Local anesthetic supplies, materials, and devices needed to s…
Aspiration test
Negative pressure placed on the anesthetic syringe prior to t…
75 terms
Chapter 16 Anesthesia
How are Anesthesia codes grouped and w…
What is a "crosswalk" book
BUV
What are the 3 different types of anes…
Grouped anatomically, beginning with the head. To find, eithe…
Books available to coders to assist by "crosswalking" the kno…
Base unit value.
General, Regional, and Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC)
How are Anesthesia codes grouped and w…
Grouped anatomically, beginning with the head. To find, eithe…
What is a "crosswalk" book
Books available to coders to assist by "crosswalking" the kno…
40 terms
Anesthesia-6
vomiting or laryngospasm
µ
tachycardia, ventricular irritability,…
naltrexone
Name a side effect of doxapram that is of particular concern…
Naloxone is a competitive opioid receptor antagonist with str…
Name a side effect of naloxone to watch out for when using it…
naloxone/naltrexone is an opioid antagonist with a longer hal…
vomiting or laryngospasm
Name a side effect of doxapram that is of particular concern…
µ
Naloxone is a competitive opioid receptor antagonist with str…
Anesthesia Chapter Two
Signalment
Main risks of Geriatric patients
Main risks of Neonate patients
What do felines typically develop duri…
Age, Breed, Species, Sex
Progressive/unalterable changes in organ function
Undeveloped organ function ... Hypothermia & Hypoglycemia
Laryngospasms
Signalment
Age, Breed, Species, Sex
Main risks of Geriatric patients
Progressive/unalterable changes in organ function
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