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Study sets matching "anesthesia chapter 7 cardiovascular"

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Study sets matching "anesthesia chapter 7 cardiovascular"

11 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 7 vocab
Absolute contraindication
Bradycardia
Cardiac dose
Concomitant
The offending drug should not be administered to the individu…
Decreased heart rate
A vasoconstrictor dose that can be administered safely to pat…
Two or more drugs in the systemic circulation at the same time
Absolute contraindication
The offending drug should not be administered to the individu…
Bradycardia
Decreased heart rate
103 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 7
Importance of Preanesthetic Patient A…
How to Effectively and Appropriately…
Physical Examination
Vital Signs
Assists in the appropriate technique, agent selection (anesth…
Comprehensive medical history (look for possible concomitant…
Visual exam... Patient's general health and well- being... Postur…
Provides a baseline for standard of comparison... Identification…
Importance of Preanesthetic Patient A…
Assists in the appropriate technique, agent selection (anesth…
How to Effectively and Appropriately…
Comprehensive medical history (look for possible concomitant…
11 terms
Local Anesthesia Chapter 7
Which drug is most likely to exhibit a…
Before injecting a patient with local…
Patients with bleeding disorders will…
Following the administration of a loca…
Tricyclic antidepressants
-Review the patient's health history... -Take the patient's bloo…
Technique of anesthetic administration
Sodium bisulfite
Which drug is most likely to exhibit a…
Tricyclic antidepressants
Before injecting a patient with local…
-Review the patient's health history... -Take the patient's bloo…
42 terms
Chapter 7 ~ Cardiovascular
functions of the cardiovascular system
pericardium
myocardium
endocardium
Carries oxygen and nutrients to cells from the respiratory an…
sac
heart muscle
heart lining
functions of the cardiovascular system
Carries oxygen and nutrients to cells from the respiratory an…
pericardium
sac
36 terms
Local anesthesia chapter 7
The body's response to fear provokes t…
What is essential for the apprehensive…
A patient with moderate to severe syst…
A normal healthy patient
fight or flight
stress reduction protocol
ASA III
ASA I
The body's response to fear provokes t…
fight or flight
What is essential for the apprehensive…
stress reduction protocol
10 terms
Anesthesia chapter 7
Idiopathic pain is described as:
Pathologic pain is defined as:
And ovariohysterectomy, which involves…
The process by which thermal, Mechanic…
Pain that is of unknown cause
Pain that is caused by tissue injury
Somatic and visceral pain
Transduction
Idiopathic pain is described as:
Pain that is of unknown cause
Pathologic pain is defined as:
Pain that is caused by tissue injury
45 terms
Chapter 7 Cardiovascular
Bicuspid `
Heart conduction pathway
Atrial kick
What allows for conduction in heart
mitral valve... left ... LAB RAT
SA node (60bpm from vagus) 100 intrinsically ... AV (pause for f…
atrial contraction ontop of passive filling of ventricles ... -5…
intercalated discs with gap junctions
Bicuspid `
mitral valve... left ... LAB RAT
Heart conduction pathway
SA node (60bpm from vagus) 100 intrinsically ... AV (pause for f…
68 terms
Chapter 20 Cardiovascular Physiology in Anesthesia
action potential for skeletal muscle a…
cardiac action potential due to
eff ective refractory period
fast-conducting... myocardial cell
voltage-gated... sodium channels in the cell membrane
initiated by voltage-gated sodium channels... (the spike) and ma…
minimum interval between two depolarizing... impulses that will…
eff ective refractory periodclosely correlated... with the durat…
action potential for skeletal muscle a…
voltage-gated... sodium channels in the cell membrane
cardiac action potential due to
initiated by voltage-gated sodium channels... (the spike) and ma…
53 terms
Pathology Chapter 7 Cardiovascular
function of cardiovascular system
left av valve
right av valve
aortic valve
supply blood to the body
mitral valve; between left atrium and left ventricle
tricuspid valve; between right atrium and right ventricle
between left ventricle and aorta
function of cardiovascular system
supply blood to the body
left av valve
mitral valve; between left atrium and left ventricle
89 terms
Chapter 7, Cardiovascular system
Heart
Pulmonary vs Systemic circulation
Arteries
Capillaries
muscular pump that elevates pressure of circulatory system, 4…
pulmonary=right side of heart and systemic is left side of he…
carry blood away from the heart, more SMCs than veins. Also a…
microscopic vessels with thin porous walls, enable gas exchan…
Heart
muscular pump that elevates pressure of circulatory system, 4…
Pulmonary vs Systemic circulation
pulmonary=right side of heart and systemic is left side of he…
128 terms
Chapter 7: Cardiovascular System
physiology of the cardiovascular system
Cardiovascular system
The heart
myocardium
The function of the cardiovascular system is to maintain an a…
Cardiac... Vascular... -pulmonary (lungs)... -systemic (body)
Myocardium... -heart muscle... endocardium... -inner wall... pericardiu…
heart muscle
physiology of the cardiovascular system
The function of the cardiovascular system is to maintain an a…
Cardiovascular system
Cardiac... Vascular... -pulmonary (lungs)... -systemic (body)
25 terms
Chapter 7: Cardiovascular System
aortic valve
arrhythmias
arteries
blood
largest artery in the body
abnormal heart rhythms
carry blood away from the heart
flows throughout the circulatory system
aortic valve
largest artery in the body
arrhythmias
abnormal heart rhythms
166 terms
Chapter 7- Cardiovascular System
Angi/o... Vas/o... Vascul/o
Aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
Vessel
aorta
artery
fatty (lipid) paste
Angi/o... Vas/o... Vascul/o
Vessel
Aort/o
aorta
20 terms
Chapter 22 - Anesthesia for Cardiovascular Surgery
6 Basic components of the CPB machine
Cardioplegia occurs during CPB because…
Priming solution to use during CPB
Once patient is anesthetized, multiple…
venous reservoir, oxygenator, heat exchanger, main pump, arte…
the resulting increase in extracellular potassium concentrati…
free radical scavengers, such as mannitol, may help decrease…
Bladder (or rectal), esophageal and pulmonary artery (blood)…
6 Basic components of the CPB machine
venous reservoir, oxygenator, heat exchanger, main pump, arte…
Cardioplegia occurs during CPB because…
the resulting increase in extracellular potassium concentrati…
37 terms
Chapter 7: The Cardiovascular System
The atria receives blood from
The left atrium has this kind of valve
The right atrium has this kind of valve
Which side of the heart is more muscular
Vena cava or the pulmonary veins
Bicuspid
Tricuspid, which presents back flow into the right atrium.
The left, to be at the pump blood all the way down to the feet
The atria receives blood from
Vena cava or the pulmonary veins
The left atrium has this kind of valve
Bicuspid
120 terms
Chapter 20 - Cardiovascular Physiology and Anesthesia
MAP =
Increased in pulse pressure is usually…
SVR =
CO = HR x SV
MAP = SVR x CO or DBP + 1/3 (PP) or 2/3 DBP + 1/3 SBP
Poor aortic compliance that comes with aging
[(MAP-CVP)/CO] x 80. Times by 80 converts units into dynes/se…
...
MAP =
MAP = SVR x CO or DBP + 1/3 (PP) or 2/3 DBP + 1/3 SBP
Increased in pulse pressure is usually…
Poor aortic compliance that comes with aging
53 terms
LOM CHAPTER 11 CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM , STEP BY STEP CHAPTER 7 ICD-10-CM, CHAPTER 16 CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM, CHAPTER 9 MEDICAL CODING, CHAPTER 11 ANESTHESIA
The CAROTID
SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
SYSTOLE
CYAN/O OR CYANOSIS
Arteries supply blood to the head and neck.
Is the pathway of blood from the heart to the tissue capillar…
Contraction phase of the heartbeat. From the Greek systole, a…
This bluish discoloration o the skin indicates diminished oxy…
The CAROTID
Arteries supply blood to the head and neck.
SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
Is the pathway of blood from the heart to the tissue capillar…
89 terms
Kaplan MCAT 2015: Chapter 7 Cardiovascular system
Heart
Pulmonary vs Systemic circulation
Arteries
Capillaries
muscular pump that elevates pressure of circulatory system, 4…
pulmonary=right side of heart and systemic is left side of he…
carry blood away from the heart, more SMCs than veins. Also a…
microscopic vessels with thin porous walls, enable gas exchan…
Heart
muscular pump that elevates pressure of circulatory system, 4…
Pulmonary vs Systemic circulation
pulmonary=right side of heart and systemic is left side of he…
53 terms
LOM CHAPTER 11 CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM , STEP BY STEP CHAPTER 7 ICD-10-CM, CHAPTER 16 CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM, CHAPTER 9 MEDICAL CODING, CHAPTER 11 ANESTHESIA
The CAROTID
SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
SYSTOLE
CYAN/O OR CYANOSIS
Arteries supply blood to the head and neck.
Is the pathway of blood from the heart to the tissue capillar…
Contraction phase of the heartbeat. From the Greek systole, a…
This bluish discoloration o the skin indicates diminished oxy…
The CAROTID
Arteries supply blood to the head and neck.
SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
Is the pathway of blood from the heart to the tissue capillar…
20 terms
Anesthesia Chapter 7 Preanesthetic Assessment
Which drug is most likely to exhibit a…
Before injecting a patient with a loca…
Patient with bleeding disorders will m…
Following the administration of LA wit…
Tricyclic antidepressants
RMH, vitals, history of allergies, any contraindications to t…
technique of anesthetic administration
Sodium bisulfate
Which drug is most likely to exhibit a…
Tricyclic antidepressants
Before injecting a patient with a loca…
RMH, vitals, history of allergies, any contraindications to t…
53 terms
For MAP 104 LOM CHAPTER 11 CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM , STEP BY STEP CHAPTER 7 ICD-10-CM, CHAPTER 16 CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM, CHAPTER 9 MEDICAL CODING, CHAPTER 11 ANESTHESIA
The CAROTID
SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
SYSTOLE
CYAN/O OR CYANOSIS
Arteries supply blood to the head and neck.
Is the pathway of blood from the heart to the tissue capillar…
Contraction phase of the heartbeat. From the Greek systole, a…
This bluish discoloration o the skin indicates diminished oxy…
The CAROTID
Arteries supply blood to the head and neck.
SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
Is the pathway of blood from the heart to the tissue capillar…
61 terms
Cardiovascular chapter7
Arteries
Blood
Antecubital area of the forearm
Median cubital vein
Appear brighter red in color, have thicker elastic walls then…
Is carried toward to the heart by the veins
Is most commonly used for venipuncture
Is the best for venipuncture because it is generally the larg…
Arteries
Appear brighter red in color, have thicker elastic walls then…
Blood
Is carried toward to the heart by the veins
134 terms
Biology chapter 7 - the Cardiovascular system
cardiovascular system
right
left
T
consists of a muscular four-chambered heart, blood vessels, a…
After blood travels through the veins, it is returned to the…
Oxygenated blood returns to the _____ side of the heart
T/F; the heart is actually composed of two pumps supporting t…
cardiovascular system
consists of a muscular four-chambered heart, blood vessels, a…
right
After blood travels through the veins, it is returned to the…
64 terms
Chapter 7 - The Cardiovascular System (Blood)
By volume, blood is about ____% plasma
By volume, blood is about ____% cells
Plasma (Water) - Major Function
Plasma (Salts) - Major Function
55
45
Solvent for carrying other substances
Osmotic Balance, pH Buffering, Regulation of Membrane Potential
By volume, blood is about ____% plasma
55
By volume, blood is about ____% cells
45
25 terms
Chapter 7 cardiovascular terminology
Angioplasty
Arteriostenosis
Embolectomy
Ischemia
Surgical repair of a vessel
Narrowing of an artery
Surgical removal of embolis
Condition of being held back
Angioplasty
Surgical repair of a vessel
Arteriostenosis
Narrowing of an artery
39 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cardiovascular System
the heart
venae cava
atria and ventricles
atrioventricular valves
-left side is more muscular than the right side because of it…
carries deoxygenated blood into the heart
ventricles are more muscular than the atria
separate the atrium of both sides from the ventricles ... *Tricu…
the heart
-left side is more muscular than the right side because of it…
venae cava
carries deoxygenated blood into the heart
35 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cardiovascular System
interstitial space
Anatomy of the cardiovascular system T…
Atrial natriuretic peptide... 2. R…
heart
Outside of the cell
Recall: During the sympathetic nervous system, blood vessels…
Weak diuretic released by atrial cells when they become stret…
Tricuspid is after the right atria... The ventricles are separa…
interstitial space
Outside of the cell
Anatomy of the cardiovascular system T…
Recall: During the sympathetic nervous system, blood vessels…
52 terms
Biology Chapter 7: cardiovascular system
what muscle supports the heart?
right side of heart
left side of heart
WHy does the left side of the heart ha…
cardiac muscle; heart is supported by two different circulati…
pulmonary circulation
systemic circulation
because the circuit (systemic) is larger than the right side…
what muscle supports the heart?
cardiac muscle; heart is supported by two different circulati…
right side of heart
pulmonary circulation
38 terms
Chapter 7 - The Cardiovascular System (Anatomy)
The atria contract to...
After the ventricles fill, they...
The ventricles are far more _____, tha…
Atrioventricular valves: LAB RAT
push blood into the ventricles
contract to send blood to the lungs and the systemic circulat…
muscular
Left Atria - Bicuspid (Mitral Valve), Right Atria (Tricuspid…
The atria contract to...
push blood into the ventricles
After the ventricles fill, they...
contract to send blood to the lungs and the systemic circulat…
74 terms
Biology (Chapter 7): The Cardiovascular System
Parts of the Cardiovascular system
Heart
Pulmonary circulation
Systemic circulation
Four chambered structure composed of cardiac muscle. The righ…
The first pump. The right side of the heart accepts deoxygena…
The second pump. The left side receives oxygenated blood from…
Parts of the Cardiovascular system
Heart
Four chambered structure composed of cardiac muscle. The righ…
53 terms
Chapter 7: Cardiovascular
Jugular Veins
Superior Vena Cava
Pulmonary Veins
Heart
receive blood from brain and from tissues of head
receives blood from veins of upper body
deliver oxygenated blood form the lungs to the heart
pumps blood under pressure
Jugular Veins
receive blood from brain and from tissues of head
Superior Vena Cava
receives blood from veins of upper body
73 terms
Biology | Chapter 7 | Cardiovascular system
Atria
Venae Cavae
Pulmonary viens
Ventricles
- Thin walled structures where blood is received form either…
- Deoxygenated blood that enters the R heart
Oxygenated blood entering the left heart
- After they fill --> They contract to send blood to lungs an…
Atria
- Thin walled structures where blood is received form either…
Venae Cavae
- Deoxygenated blood that enters the R heart
31 terms
Chapter 7: The Cardiovascular System
Angiogram
Arrhythmia
Bradycardia
Cardiac
A nonspecific angiogram involves intravenous injection of a d…
An irregularity or the loss of normal rythm of the heart beat
An abnormally slow heartbeat
pertaining to the heart
Angiogram
A nonspecific angiogram involves intravenous injection of a d…
Arrhythmia
An irregularity or the loss of normal rythm of the heart beat
Chapter 7 - Cardiovascular Fitness
pulse
resting heart rate
recovery heart rate
blood pressure
a regular throbbing cause by pressure of blood on an artery w…
heart rate just after waking up and before getting out of bed
heart rate just after exercise
the measure of blood force against the wall of the artery
pulse
a regular throbbing cause by pressure of blood on an artery w…
resting heart rate
heart rate just after waking up and before getting out of bed
65 terms
Chapter 7: Cardiovascular System
right half of heart
left half of heart
atria
ventricles
accepts deoxygenated blood to move into the lungs via the pul…
receives oxygenated blood from pulmonary veins and pushes blo…
thin-walled structures where blood is received; right from ve…
muscular chambers that contract to send blood to the lungs (r…
right half of heart
accepts deoxygenated blood to move into the lungs via the pul…
left half of heart
receives oxygenated blood from pulmonary veins and pushes blo…
15 terms
Chapter 7 cardiovascular fitness
Lipoproteins
Respiratory system
Cardiovascular system
Ateries
Carriers of cholesterol in the blood
The body system that includes your lungs and air passages
The body system that includes your heart, blood vessels, and…
Vessels that carry the blood away from the heart
Lipoproteins
Carriers of cholesterol in the blood
Respiratory system
The body system that includes your lungs and air passages
32 terms
Chapter 7 Cardiovascular System
cardiac
cardiologist
pericardial
epicardium
pertaining to the heart
one who specializes in heart study
pertaining to surrounding the heart
upon the heart
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
cardiologist
one who specializes in heart study
10 terms
Chapter 7: Cardiovascular Fitness
Cardiovascular system
Respiratory system
Cholesterol
Lipoproteins
Made up of the heart, blood vessels, and blood.
Made up of the lungs and air passages and blood.
Fat like substance found in meats, dairy products, and egg yo…
The protein that carries cholesterol through the blood stream
Cardiovascular system
Made up of the heart, blood vessels, and blood.
Respiratory system
Made up of the lungs and air passages and blood.
51 terms
Cardiovascular System (Chapter 7)
body
lungs
atria
stroke volume
where does the left ventricle carry blood to?
where does the right ventricle carry blood to?
receives blood from peripheral organs and pumps blood into ve…
volume of blood ejected per beat
body
where does the left ventricle carry blood to?
lungs
where does the right ventricle carry blood to?
46 terms
chapter 7 cardiovascular system
pericardial
epicarduim
myocardial
endocardium
surrounding the heart
upon the heart
muscle of heart
within the heart
pericardial
surrounding the heart
epicarduim
upon the heart
54 terms
Chapter 7 Cardiovascular System
(endo)card(it is)
myocarditis
pericarditis
cardiology
infection of the hearts inner lining
inflammation of the middle layer of the heart muscle
surrounding, around, inflammation
study of, science of diseases/ abnormalities of the heart
(endo)card(it is)
infection of the hearts inner lining
myocarditis
inflammation of the middle layer of the heart muscle
91 terms
Biology Chapter 7 (Cardiovascular System)
7.1 Anatomy
Path of blood through body
Pulmonary circulation vs. systemic cir…
Atria
...
Through right heart to lungs, back into left heart. From left…
Pulmonary circulation = right heart sends deoxygenated blood…
Thin-walled structures - blood received from either the venae…
7.1 Anatomy
...
Path of blood through body
Through right heart to lungs, back into left heart. From left…
68 terms
Chapter 7: Cardiovascular Disease
Mechanisms of Congestive heart failure
types of compensation
heart congestion
right-sided failure
1. resistance due to stenosis... 2. increased peripheral resista…
1. increased contractility- compensation for stenosis or incr…
- stagnation of blood due to failure of heart as a pump... - dev…
- distend liver and lower extremity edema... - backpressure -->…
Mechanisms of Congestive heart failure
1. resistance due to stenosis... 2. increased peripheral resista…
types of compensation
1. increased contractility- compensation for stenosis or incr…
24 terms
Chapter 7 - Physiology of the Cardiovascular System
Blood pressure gradually drops from th…
Why is the drop in pressure across the…
When is ADH released?
The level of oxygen in the blood is of…
arterioles
because the capillaries are thin-walled and are unable to wit…
when the osmolarity of the blood is too high, possibly indica…
the partial pressure of Oxygen within the blood. normal range…
Blood pressure gradually drops from th…
arterioles
Why is the drop in pressure across the…
because the capillaries are thin-walled and are unable to wit…
53 terms
Pathology Chapter 7 Cardiovascular
supply blood to the body
left av valve
right av valve
aortic valve
function of the cardiovascular system
mitral valve; between left atrium and left ventricle
tricuspid valve; between right atrium and right ventricle
between left ventricle and aorta
supply blood to the body
function of the cardiovascular system
left av valve
mitral valve; between left atrium and left ventricle
43 terms
Chapter 7 Cardiovascular System
Cardiac
Cardiologist
Pericardial
Epicardium
Pertaining to the heart
One who specializes in heart
Surrounding the heart
Upon the heart
Cardiac
Pertaining to the heart
Cardiologist
One who specializes in heart
62 terms
Chapter 7 - Cardiovascular System
The heart
Cardiovascular system encompasses
Receiving chambers of the heart
Pumping chambers of the heart
a muscular pump - delivers blood to every single part of your…
1) the heart, 2) blood vessels (conduit system for traveling)…
The right and left atria
The right and left ventricle
The heart
a muscular pump - delivers blood to every single part of your…
Cardiovascular system encompasses
1) the heart, 2) blood vessels (conduit system for traveling)…
47 terms
Chapter 7 cardiovascular system
How many deaths occur from cardiovascu…
Cardio
Vascular
What does the CV system do?
1 million with record of 831,300 in 2006
greek, means heat
latin, small vessel
transport blood
How many deaths occur from cardiovascu…
1 million with record of 831,300 in 2006
Cardio
greek, means heat
18 terms
Basics of Anesthesia Chapter 7: Autonomic Nervous System
physiologic effects/main indication of…
physiologic effects/main indications f…
physiologic effects/main indications f…
physiologic effects/main indications f…
predominately B1 effects with less B2 action, used primarily…
A1 and B1 receptors, causing increased HR, increased SVR, use…
A1, B1 and D1 receptors, second line agent for sepsis
V1 receptors, increasing SVR, second line agent for septic sh…
physiologic effects/main indication of…
predominately B1 effects with less B2 action, used primarily…
physiologic effects/main indications f…
A1 and B1 receptors, causing increased HR, increased SVR, use…
46 terms
Cardiovascular disease chapter 7
Homocysteine
EXcess homocysteine
c- reactive protein
Fibrinogen
An amino acid formed from breakdown of methionine (large amin…
Damages arteries... Promotes cholesterol buildup... Interferes wi…
A plasma protein that indicates inflammation... Levels rise in r…
A plasma protein involved with blood clotting... Makes blood mor…
Homocysteine
An amino acid formed from breakdown of methionine (large amin…
EXcess homocysteine
Damages arteries... Promotes cholesterol buildup... Interferes wi…
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