How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "anesthesia pharmacology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "anesthesia pharmacology"

199 terms
Anesthesia - Pharmacology
MAC nitrous oxide
MAC Halothane
MAC Isoflurane
MAC Desflurane
104
0.75
1.2
6.6
MAC nitrous oxide
104
MAC Halothane
0.75
107 terms
Anesthesia - Pharmacology
MAC nitrous oxide
Factors that increase MAC (decrease th…
Factors that decrease MAC (so you won'…
For local anesthetics, does a higher o…
104
Chronic alcohol abuse... Very young age (closer to 1 year of age…
Acidosis... Acute EtOH use... Advanced age... Anemia... Benzos... Increased…
A lower pKa = greater fraction of non-ionized molecules at a…
MAC nitrous oxide
104
Factors that increase MAC (decrease th…
Chronic alcohol abuse... Very young age (closer to 1 year of age…
24 terms
ANESTHESIA: PHARMACOLOGY
SEDATION (TRANQUILIZATION)
ANESTHESIA
LOCAL ANESTHESIA
GENERAL ANESTHESIA
RELAXED STATE, BUT WITH FULL PAIN SENSATION. SEDATED ANIMALS…
"WITHOUT PAIN SENSATION"
REVERSIBLE LOSS OF PAIN SENSATION WITHOUT LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNE…
REVERSIBLE LOSS OF PAIN SENSATION WITH LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
SEDATION (TRANQUILIZATION)
RELAXED STATE, BUT WITH FULL PAIN SENSATION. SEDATED ANIMALS…
ANESTHESIA
"WITHOUT PAIN SENSATION"
315 terms
Anesthesia Pharmacology
5' nucleotides is a form of what enzyme
What elevated lab value is most specif…
Ab inactivate nACh receptor channels
Post junctional subunits of nAChr that…
Alk Phos (Most Alk phos in healthy pp is in liver or bone)
alk phos (or 5' nucleotidase is in the alk phos familly of en…
MG
alpha
5' nucleotides is a form of what enzyme
Alk Phos (Most Alk phos in healthy pp is in liver or bone)
What elevated lab value is most specif…
alk phos (or 5' nucleotidase is in the alk phos familly of en…
62 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
A drug that interferes with the blood-…
An mg is a measurement of
The solutions used intravenously to re…
An inch equals
heparin
weight
Dextran
2.54 cm
A drug that interferes with the blood-…
heparin
An mg is a measurement of
weight
40 terms
Anesthesia pharmacology
Succinylcholine MOA
Succinylcholine SE
Tx for malignant hyperthermia
Vecuronium, Rocuronium, Pancuronium MOA
Depolarizing muscle relaxant ... 1. Nicotinic Agonist... 2. Repeate…
Hyperkalemia... Malignant hyperthermia
Dantrolene
Non-depolarizing muscle relaxants... 1. Compettively inhibits ef…
Succinylcholine MOA
Depolarizing muscle relaxant ... 1. Nicotinic Agonist... 2. Repeate…
Succinylcholine SE
Hyperkalemia... Malignant hyperthermia
Anesthesia Pharmacology
Anesthetics
General Anesthesia
Local Anesthesia
Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
Drugs that produce unconsciousness and insensitivity to painf…
Produce unconsciousness and lack of responsiveness to all pai…
Does not reduce consciousness... Blunt sensation in a limited area
Depolarizing... Non-depolarizing blocks acetocholine from bindin…
Anesthetics
Drugs that produce unconsciousness and insensitivity to painf…
General Anesthesia
Produce unconsciousness and lack of responsiveness to all pai…
148 terms
Anesthesia Pharmacology
Types of anesthesia
What is anesthesia?
Pharmacological continuum of anesthesia
Types of drugs
General-animal is unconscious ... Regional-Blocks forward sensat…
A combination of unconsciousness, muscle relaxation and analg…
Awake->Tranquilization->sedation/hypnosis->general anesthesia…
1. Tranquilizer... 2. Sedative... 3. Analgesic... 4. Inj. anesthetics…
Types of anesthesia
General-animal is unconscious ... Regional-Blocks forward sensat…
What is anesthesia?
A combination of unconsciousness, muscle relaxation and analg…
21 terms
Anesthesia Pharmacology
ED95 of Rocuronium
Intubating dose of Etomidate
Induction dose of Ketamine
Induction dose of propofol
0.3 mg/kg
0.1-0.4 mg/kg
1-2 mg/kg
2-2.5 mg/kg
ED95 of Rocuronium
0.3 mg/kg
Intubating dose of Etomidate
0.1-0.4 mg/kg
44 terms
Pharmacology- Anesthesia
Benzodiazepine (Prototype)
Opioid (Prototype)
Neuromuscular Blocking Agent (Prototype)
Barbiturate (Prototype)
midazolam (Versed)... General Anesthetic... Rapid Induction... Induc…
fentanyl (Sublimaze)... Analgesic, IV... For severe pain
succinylcholine (Anectine)... General Anesthetic, Muscle Relaxa…
thiopental sodium (Pentothal)... General Anesthetic, IV short-a…
Benzodiazepine (Prototype)
midazolam (Versed)... General Anesthetic... Rapid Induction... Induc…
Opioid (Prototype)
fentanyl (Sublimaze)... Analgesic, IV... For severe pain
42 terms
Anesthesia Pharmacology
Atropine Description
Atropine Effects
Atropine Dose
Glycopyrrolate Description
Anti-Cholinergenic , Blocks vagal impulse to the heart, Treat…
Dry mouth, dizzyness, tachycardia, hypertension, pupil dialat…
Initial Dose: 0.5mg IV up to 1mg max
Onset <1min... Duration 2-3 hrs... Decreases secretions, 2x more po…
Atropine Description
Anti-Cholinergenic , Blocks vagal impulse to the heart, Treat…
Atropine Effects
Dry mouth, dizzyness, tachycardia, hypertension, pupil dialat…
31 terms
Anesthesia Pharmacology
Analgesics
Anesthetics
General Anesthesia (Ga)
Local Anesthesia
+ drugs that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness
+ drugs that produce unconsciousness and insensitivity to pai…
+ produce unconsciousness and lack of responsiveness to all p…
+ do not reduce consciousness ... + blunt sensation in a limited…
Analgesics
+ drugs that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness
Anesthetics
+ drugs that produce unconsciousness and insensitivity to pai…
82 terms
Pharmacology + Anesthesia
Oxytocin... Pitocin
Pitressin
Rhogam for OB/GYN
Bacitracin... Cephalosporin... Polymixin
Used to induce labor (contractions) and control hemorrhage
It is injected into the cervix to reduce bleeding in OB/GYN
Used when there is a problem with the RH factor between mothe…
Irrigation solution used in ortho
Oxytocin... Pitocin
Used to induce labor (contractions) and control hemorrhage
Pitressin
It is injected into the cervix to reduce bleeding in OB/GYN
62 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
A drug that interferes with the blood-…
An mg is a measurement of
The solutions used intravenously to re…
An inch equals
heparin
weight
Dextran
2.54 cm
A drug that interferes with the blood-…
heparin
An mg is a measurement of
weight
43 terms
Pharmacology Anesthesia
Local Anesthesia
General Anesthesia
Risks of anesthetic agents
What should the PACU nurse/recover nur…
Sensation is lost to a limited part of the body without loss…
Unconsciousness and total analgesia
CNS stimulation such as restlessness or anxiety, CNS depressi…
What kind of anesthesia was given... If any blockers were given…
Local Anesthesia
Sensation is lost to a limited part of the body without loss…
General Anesthesia
Unconsciousness and total analgesia
50 terms
Anesthesia Pharmacology
long-acting GABA agonist
short-acting GABA agonist
Used for induction of general anesthes…
Enhances effects of GABA at receptor
Phenobarbitol
Pentobarbitol
Thiopental
Propofol
long-acting GABA agonist
Phenobarbitol
short-acting GABA agonist
Pentobarbitol
Pharmacology in Anesthesia
1772
1844
1846
Horace Wells
Joseph Priestley prepared Nitrous Oxide ... Termed it Dephlogis…
Horace Wells used Nitrous Oxide for Dental extraction ... In 1…
First public demonstration of Ether by W.T.G Morton even thou…
Public demonstration @ Harvard in 1845 but failed ... Years lat…
1772
Joseph Priestley prepared Nitrous Oxide ... Termed it Dephlogis…
1844
Horace Wells used Nitrous Oxide for Dental extraction ... In 1…
193 terms
Pharmacology: Anesthesia
GENERAL GOALS
What does anesthesia mean in Greek?
What is the word anesthesia used to de…
What does analgesia mean?
...
Insesibility
Loss of sensation to the entire or any part of the body
Absence of pain
GENERAL GOALS
...
What does anesthesia mean in Greek?
Insesibility
23 terms
Pharmacology and anesthesia
A steroid used topically to diminish i…
Dilating drops are called?
A medicine cup holds 2 ounces, how man…
Soda lime is used in mask inhalation a…
Methylprednisolone acetate (steroid)
Mydriatics
60ml (1floz=30ml x 2=60ml)
Absorb co2
A steroid used topically to diminish i…
Methylprednisolone acetate (steroid)
Dilating drops are called?
Mydriatics
98 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
Methylprednisolone acetate ( Depo-Medr…
Cricoid pressure occludes the_________
An _________drug neutralizes action of…
________ __________ refers to involunt…
A steroid typically used to diminish inflammation after eye s…
esophagus
antagonist
muscular fasciculation
Methylprednisolone acetate ( Depo-Medr…
A steroid typically used to diminish inflammation after eye s…
Cricoid pressure occludes the_________
esophagus
108 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
Heprin
Weight
Dextran
30
A drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is:…
An mg is a measurement of:... a. length... b. weight... c. volume... d.…
The solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasm…
How many milliliters are in 1 ounce?... a. 10... b. 30... c. 75... d. 100
Heprin
A drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is:…
Weight
An mg is a measurement of:... a. length... b. weight... c. volume... d.…
94 terms
Pharmacology and anesthesia
Normal respirations for an adult are
How many mg is 1 gram
Normal BP for an adult is
Radial pulse for an adult should be
18
1,000mg
120 over 80
72
Normal respirations for an adult are
18
How many mg is 1 gram
1,000mg
114 terms
Pharmacology of Anesthesia
general anesthesia
hypnosis
four stages of anesthesia
mechanisms of action of inhaled anesth…
drug-induced, reversible condition that includes specific beh…
- artificially induced state of sleep... - drug-induced state of…
1. stage of analgesia or disorientation: onset of analgesia a…
- still widely debated... - lipid-solubility hypotheses: perturb…
general anesthesia
drug-induced, reversible condition that includes specific beh…
hypnosis
- artificially induced state of sleep... - drug-induced state of…
45 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
5 Drug sources:
Pharmacodynamics:
Agonist:
Antagonist:
1. Plants... 2. Animals... 3. Minerals... 4. Synthetics... 5. Biotechnology
the interaction of the drug molecules with living tissues... Eit…
enhances the effect of another substance... Example: Epi
binds to agonist's receptor site, preventing agonist binding
5 Drug sources:
1. Plants... 2. Animals... 3. Minerals... 4. Synthetics... 5. Biotechnology
Pharmacodynamics:
the interaction of the drug molecules with living tissues... Eit…
161 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
A short-acting narcotic opioid given i…
Indirect arterial blood pressure is ob…
A method of anesthesia in which medica…
Lidocaine is used intravenously for:
Meperidine hydrochloride (Demoral)
Sphygmomanometer
Spinal block
Treatment of cardiac arrhythmias
A short-acting narcotic opioid given i…
Meperidine hydrochloride (Demoral)
Indirect arterial blood pressure is ob…
Sphygmomanometer
83 terms
Pharmacology & Anesthesia
methylprednisolone acetate (depo-medro…
mydriatics
alpha-chymotrypsin
60ml
a steroid used topically to diminish inflammation after eye s…
dilating drops are called
an enzyme used before cataract surgery to sofen the zonules o…
a medicine cup hold 2 ounces how many milliliters does it hold
methylprednisolone acetate (depo-medro…
a steroid used topically to diminish inflammation after eye s…
mydriatics
dilating drops are called
20 terms
Anesthesia Pharmacology
Glycopyrrolate
Atropine
Scopalamine
Edrophonium
Anti muscarinic with highest incidence of xerostomia (dry mou…
Anti muscarinic with highest incidence of tachycardia
Anti muscarinic with highest incidence of sedation
Binds with acetycholinesterase at the anionic site (electrost…
Glycopyrrolate
Anti muscarinic with highest incidence of xerostomia (dry mou…
Atropine
Anti muscarinic with highest incidence of tachycardia
50 terms
anesthesia - pharmacology
Ketamine MoA
Advantages of injectable anesthetics
Disadvantaes of injectable anesthetics
Anesthetics that has minimal respirato…
NMDA blocker
minimal equipment... direct CNS access... wide variety of agent, te…
recovery dependent on uncontrollable factors... individual varia…
BZ... Etomidate
Ketamine MoA
NMDA blocker
Advantages of injectable anesthetics
minimal equipment... direct CNS access... wide variety of agent, te…
83 terms
Pharmacology & Anesthesia
methylprednisolone acetate (depo-medro…
mydriatics
alpha-chymotrypsin
60ml
a steroid used topically to diminish inflammation after eye s…
dilating drops are called
an enzyme used before cataract surgery to sofen the zonules o…
a medicine cup hold 2 ounces how many milliliters does it hold
methylprednisolone acetate (depo-medro…
a steroid used topically to diminish inflammation after eye s…
mydriatics
dilating drops are called
107 terms
Anesthesia Pharmacology
general anesthesia
regional anesthesia
monitored anesthesia care
akinesia, hypnosis, analgesia, autonom…
block the normal nociceptive pathway at a distal site
block the normal nociceptive pathway at or near injury
sedation requires careful monitoring by an anesthesiologist
goals of balanced anesthesia
general anesthesia
block the normal nociceptive pathway at a distal site
regional anesthesia
block the normal nociceptive pathway at or near injury
37 terms
Pharmacology/anesthesia
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
Antagonist
Drug sources
Term used to describe metabolic processing of a drug within a…
Study of the interactions of drug molecules with the target c…
Reverses the effect of other medication
Plants, animals, mineral, lan synthesis, biotechnology
Pharmacokinetics
Term used to describe metabolic processing of a drug within a…
Pharmacodynamics
Study of the interactions of drug molecules with the target c…
anesthesia pharmacology
anesthesia word comes from?
what are the 3 types of anesthesia?
what 3 components is general anesthesi…
what's the steps of anesthesia startin…
anaisthaesia in greek meaning insensibility
local, regional and general
unconsciousness, muscle relaxation, and analgesia
awake, tranquilizaiton, sedation/hypnosis +/-analgesia, gener…
anesthesia word comes from?
anaisthaesia in greek meaning insensibility
what are the 3 types of anesthesia?
local, regional and general
161 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
A short-acting narcotic opioid given i…
Indirect arterial blood pressure is ob…
A method of anesthesia in which medica…
Lidocaine is used intravenously for:
Meperidine hydrochloride (Demoral)
Sphygmomanometer
Spinal block
Treatment of cardiac arrhythmias
A short-acting narcotic opioid given i…
Meperidine hydrochloride (Demoral)
Indirect arterial blood pressure is ob…
Sphygmomanometer
83 terms
PHARMACOLOGY AND ANESTHESIA
CLASS I
CLASS II
CLASS III
CLASS IV
HEROIN, MARIJUANA, LSD, OTHER HALLUCINOGENS AND CERTAIN OPIAT…
MORPHINES, SULFATE, OXYCODONE, HYDROMORPHONE, MEPERIDINE, COD…
HYDROCODONE, CODEINE, AND OTHERS IN COMBINATION WITH OTHER DR…
BENZADIAZEPINES (VALIUM, ATIVAN)
CLASS I
HEROIN, MARIJUANA, LSD, OTHER HALLUCINOGENS AND CERTAIN OPIAT…
CLASS II
MORPHINES, SULFATE, OXYCODONE, HYDROMORPHONE, MEPERIDINE, COD…
57 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
Calcium chloride
sympathetic nervous system
1,000 grams
hematocrit value is the volume of red…
An emergency drug that increases myocardial contractility is
Which of the following body systems evokes a physiologic resp…
One kilogram is equal to
All of the following statements concerning hematocrit are tru…
Calcium chloride
An emergency drug that increases myocardial contractility is
sympathetic nervous system
Which of the following body systems evokes a physiologic resp…
48 terms
Pharmacology & Anesthesia
Generic Name: Bupivacaine
Genetic name: LIDOCAINE
Genetic name: COCAINE
Genetic name: Midazolam
• Trade name: MARCAINE, Sensorcaine... • Drug class: Local anest…
• Trade name: XYLOCAINE... • Drug Class: Local anesthetic... • Uses…
• Drug class: local anesthetic... • Uses: Topical application ON…
• Trade name: VERSED... • Drug class: Benzodiazepine / Anti-anxi…
Generic Name: Bupivacaine
• Trade name: MARCAINE, Sensorcaine... • Drug class: Local anest…
Genetic name: LIDOCAINE
• Trade name: XYLOCAINE... • Drug Class: Local anesthetic... • Uses…
30 terms
Anesthesia Pharmacology
location of adult AchR
location of fetal AchR
Type of Ach receptor blocked by neurom…
Why can't neuromuscular blocking drugs…
Synaptic cleft
All around the extrajunctional area
nicotinic
Charged NH4+ group
location of adult AchR
Synaptic cleft
location of fetal AchR
All around the extrajunctional area
112 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
An undesired, potentially harmful side…
A drug that binds to a receptor and st…
A drug that counteracts the action of…
Absence of pain
Adverse effect
Agonist
Antagonist
Analgesia
An undesired, potentially harmful side…
Adverse effect
A drug that binds to a receptor and st…
Agonist
465 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
general anesthesia
hypnosis
four stages of anesthesia
mechanisms of action of inhaled anesth…
drug-induced, reversible condition that includes specific beh…
- artificially induced state of sleep... - drug-induced state of…
1. stage of analgesia or disorientation: onset of analgesia a…
- still widely debated... - lipid-solubility hypotheses: perturb…
general anesthesia
drug-induced, reversible condition that includes specific beh…
hypnosis
- artificially induced state of sleep... - drug-induced state of…
80 terms
Anesthesia and Pharmacology
importance of risk assessment
alcoholism risks
obesity risks
smoking risks
looks at individual situation to determine specific risks ... al…
may require more anesthetic agents ... need to monitor for alcoh…
can have cardiac insufficiency, respiratory problems, and ath…
have rigid arterial vascular system, adrenal gland stimulatio…
importance of risk assessment
looks at individual situation to determine specific risks ... al…
alcoholism risks
may require more anesthetic agents ... need to monitor for alcoh…
109 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
A drug that interferes with the blood…
A mg is a measurement of
The solutions used intravenously to re…
How many milliliters are in 1 ounce?
Heparin
Weight
Dextran
30
A drug that interferes with the blood…
Heparin
A mg is a measurement of
Weight
103 terms
Anesthesia and Pharmacology
electrocardiography
pulse oximitter
mechanical ventilation
monitered anastesia care
leads are generally placed on the thorax in a pattern that ac…
digital sensor that detects oxygen saturation through the skin
certain drugs cause paralysis of the respitory muscle and ___…
administering __________ requires that the ACP administer sed…
electrocardiography
leads are generally placed on the thorax in a pattern that ac…
pulse oximitter
digital sensor that detects oxygen saturation through the skin
62 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
A drug that interferes with the blood-…
An mg is a measurement of
The solutions used intravenously to re…
An inch equals
heparin
weight
Dextran
2.54 cm
A drug that interferes with the blood-…
heparin
An mg is a measurement of
weight
163 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
Muscular fasciculation refers to:
The test that determines the ratio of…
A deliberate reduction of body tempera…
Dark blood in the operative field is a…
Involuntary muscle contractions
Hematocrit (HCT)
Hypothermia
Hypoxia
Muscular fasciculation refers to:
Involuntary muscle contractions
The test that determines the ratio of…
Hematocrit (HCT)
75 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
1 grain is equal to
Normal blood pressure for an adult is
Normal respiration a for an adult are
Radial pulse should be
60 mg
120 over 80
18
72
1 grain is equal to
60 mg
Normal blood pressure for an adult is
120 over 80
62 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
A drug that interferes with the blood-…
An mg is a measurement of
The solutions used intravenously to re…
An inch equals
heparin
weight
Dextran
2.54 cm
A drug that interferes with the blood-…
heparin
An mg is a measurement of
weight
109 terms
Pharmacology and anesthesia
Heparin
An mg is a measurement of
The solutions used intravenously to re…
How many milliliters are in 1 ounce?
A drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
Weight
Dextran
30
Heparin
A drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
An mg is a measurement of
Weight
62 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
A drug that interferes with the blood-…
An mg is a measurement of
The solutions used intravenously to re…
An inch equals
heparin
weight
Dextran
2.54 cm
A drug that interferes with the blood-…
heparin
An mg is a measurement of
weight
36 terms
Anesthesia and Pharmacology
The solution used intravenously to rep…
The action of an anticholinergic drug…
Solu-Medrol is a/an
An artificial plasma-volume expander is
Dextran
Reduce secretions
Anti-inflammatory
Dextran
The solution used intravenously to rep…
Dextran
The action of an anticholinergic drug…
Reduce secretions
83 terms
Pharmacology and Anesthesia
A steroid topically to diminish inflam…
Dilating drops are called?
An enzyme used before cataract surgery…
A medicine cup holds 2 ounces. How man…
Methylprednisolone actate (Depo Medrol)
Mydriatics
Alpha chymotrypsin
60 ml
A steroid topically to diminish inflam…
Methylprednisolone actate (Depo Medrol)
Dilating drops are called?
Mydriatics
1 of 10